Chilean National Tsunami Warning Center

Lieutenant Nicolás A. Guzmán Hydrographic Engineer Head of Operative division Hawai, 2011

• Tectonic framework

• The National Tsunami Warning Center
• Where is Chilean NTWC going – Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) – Tsunami forecast – Tsunami flood charts – Equipment • Conclusions • Questions and discussion

geographic and morfologic heterogeneity of the chilean coast.Tectonic framework • The geological. – Tsunamigenic Zoning: • North of Puerto Montt • South of Puerto Montt . makes difficult to use a standard procedure for the tsunami mitigation.

2010 2006 .Chilean Geology North of Puerto Montt • Survey of the structure of the Subduction Zone – Seismicity • Hystorical Tsunamigenic earthquakes • Earthquakes of inverse vs normal focal mechanism • Instrumentally recorded earthquakes with Mw ≥ 6 – Subducting Slab • • • • Geometry Age Seismic asperities Seismic “Barriers” – Termal structure Moreno. Tassara.

Chilean Geology • Seismogenic Zone  Tsunamigenic Zone – Inminent zone of occurrence of Tsunami – Probable zone of occurrence of Tsunami .

11-Jan-1966) Mission: • To inform to the local authorities about the possible tsunami generation and his arrival times to the Chilean coast. Nº 26. .S. was assigned to SHOA as the Chilean National Representative to the Pacific Tsunami Warning System – PTWS (D.. • To inform to the PTWS about tsunami generation in Chilean coast. • Exchange tsunami information with Peru. direction and control. Ecuador and Colombia.NTWS: LEGAL FRAMEWORK Legal Framework: NTWS (SNAM) is in operation since 1966. and its organization.

NTWS ORGANIZATION SNAM is physically in dependences of the Department of Oceanography and is covered 24 hours by personal specialist (Officials. Professionals and Technical personnel) .

• TREMORS System.NTWS ORGANIZATION • Sea Level Network (Tide Gauges) • Seismological Network (National and International) • DART System. . • Comunications.

Datamar2 (portable and fixed) and others. Adquisition a new one.IMPROVEMENTS TO NTWS Two sensors for tides gauges (radar and pressure) Increase of transmission frequency (from 1 hour to 5 minutes). Alternative channels of transmission (satellital and network fixes). Increase of load capacity . Equipment of video confers. telephones. New tides gauges station. Upgrade and increase of stations for the sea level network SNAM Operations Room Improvements performed during 2010 SNAM Update of the DART system. New information Room. Remote Hosting of the web page. New cartography in GIS environment. Update of the tsunami inundations maps for the north of Chile. Second power supply for support the energy in the operations room. . Satellital equipments for communication ssupport. Increase of the capacity of visit of SNAM web site Update of the Inundations Maps Hydrographic surveys of the tsunami affected areas. New communications Systems: Recording video.

NTWC ongoing Chilean Tsunami Council New Tide Station High Frequency Capacity building 2010 Chilean Tsunami Strategic Alliances Strong Communications DART Bouy deployment 2011 Budget definition Japan Tsunami Release of New Inundation Maps DSS project Procedures review .

Purchase of more single beams for hydrigraphic field tasks. Proyection TSUNAMICART plan Increase of the web services capacities. . More sea level stations. including Antártica. Increase of the trasmition frecuency. New stations. Begining tsunami forecast project. Alternative trasmition chanels (satelital and vhf).Proyection 2011-2015. Second Tsunami buoy (2011) Actualization of the tsunami flood charts. New multibeam on board of PSH Cabrales. (2011) Hydrographic data colection for tsunami flood charts and nautical charts.

two sensors Densification of tide gages in Tsunamigenic zones . warning and disemination Tide Station (VAISALA MAWS 110) Two channel communication.Detection.

Chilean Tsunami Council NTWC Continious Improvement Enhanced operation Better Solution Spread the Knowledge • • • • Sysmologhy Component Modelation PaleoTsunami Geography .

Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) A proposal for Chilean NTWC .

• NTWC (SHOA) Issues tsunami warning.Chile NTWC legal frame • NSC (SSN) Detection of tsunamigenic earthquakes. Instructs the evacuation. • NDMO (ONEMI) Disseminates tsunami warning to the residents. .

NTWC Templates • Information statement • National Warning level 1 or yellow Warning / Tsunami threat ( non destructive) • National Warning level 2 or red Warning/ Tsunami threat (destructive) • Cancellation .

 One message only. .Information statement • No threat  Standard text. only earthquake parameters.

 Several messages  Must be followed up until cancellation . rocks. evacuation only in the places near and on the coast line (beaches.National Warning level 1 or yellow warning • Potential threat • Wave amplitude >0.  Standby for evacuation to the safe zone( 30 mts). etc).5 and < than 3 meters.

National Warning level 2 or red warning • Certain Threat  Safe evacuation zone (30 mts above the mean sea level)  Several messages  Must be followed up until cancellation .

Cancellation • No Threat  Minimum after twice the tsunami travel time. .  Be sure that all possible information sources are taken into account and that enough time passed to give the “all clear” message.

NTWC Flowchart • National seismic sources (SSN/UCHILE)  Detection of tsunamigenic earthquakes. .  Processing information about earthquake location and its magnitude.

NTWC Flowchart • NTWC (SHOA)       Calculation of TTT to the AoR Analize and decide wether to give tsunami statment Communicate NDMO Sea level monitoring Re-evaluation of issued warning Cancellation .

NTWC Flowchart • NDMO (ONEMI)  Dissemination of tsunami statements. .

5 hrs .ETA ~ 20 hrs ETA ~ 22 hrs ETA ~ 17 hrs ETA ~ 12 hrs ETA ~ 6 hrs ETA ~4 hrs ETA ~ 16 hrs ETA ~ 0.

0 & Depth ≤ 100 km or PTWC Warning/Watch for Chile Information Statement National Warning Tsunami threat yellow / red warning.0 ≥ Mw ≥ 7. depth and wave hight.0 & Depth ≤ 100 km or PTWC Warning for Chile 7.Threshold table Region 1 Location Chile & Peru (Local sources).0 ≥ Mw ≥ 6. National Warning Tsunami threat yellow / red warning.9 & Depth ≤ 100 km or PTWC Watch for Chile Statement National Warning Tsunami threat level 2 or red warning (Wave amplitude > 3 mts) National Warning Tsunami threat level 1 or yellow warning (Wave amplitude >0. Parameters Mw ≥ 8. 3 PTWC Warning & Watch for Chile Provisional Mw.5< 3 mts) 6.9 & Depth ≤ 100 km 2 Ecuador & Colombia Central America/Mexico Cascadia SW Pacific (Australia & NZ) Japan Kuriles Islands & Kamchatka Aleutian Islands Mw ≥ 8. .

Tsunami Forecasting Project Forecast point Epicenter Tsunami height ≥ 3 m Major tsunami Tsunami height < 3 m Tsunami .

Equipment • DART system • Considering different alternatives: – GPS buoys – DART .

DART (Deep ocean Assessment and reporting of Tsunamis) SYSTEM Last deployement position DART Chile 12/16/2010: Lat.60"O .: 19° 17‘ 13.20“S Long: 74° 43‘ 51.

DART Buoy deployment by Chilean Navy DART Buoys future status .

Tsunami flood charts CITSU IQUIQUE Second edition 2011 .Modeling with COMCOT .

Tsunami flood charts CITSU IQUIQUE New product KMZ file .

NTWC NEXT PROYECT I. II. principal purpose Infraestructure . System automatization Academic formation Separate tasks. IV. III.

III. II. The modernization of the warning systems requerire complex and expensive studies. tehers notihg we can do about it.Conclusions I. Earthquakes and tsunamis are going to continue occuring. . Theres still not exist a method to predict the ocurrence of earthquakes.

V. VI. The occurrence of two tsunamis in two years gave the initial hit to start making important changes.Conclusions IV. . We have everything to develop a NTWC of excellence. with our own experts and the collaboration from other countries. The education of the people is the best mitigation system against this kind of catastrophes.


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