CENGMO11 – Advanced Process

Modelling & Design
Group 1
Report 0 – Process Description

Group Member
Johnson Olayiwola
Theodora Udabor
Norakmar Hani Mohd Said
Rouvin Mark Lazar
Mohamed Abou-Rayyah
Muzal Shahabudin

Assigned Unit
Unit 1: Acetic Acid Scrubber
Unit 2: Acetic Acid Recovery
Unit 3: CO2 Removal Column
Unit 4: CO2 Solvent Recovery
Column
Unit 5: Light Ends Distillation
Column
Unit 6: Heavy Ends Distillation
Column

(This is not a murder mystery story – we all know that the butler did it – so you might as well tell us now. give away the content/conclusions.e. and max. Avoid any general theory or anything that isn’t directly relevant.) The summaries should be no longer than ½ page at this stage. avoid unit by unit individual summaries 1 . 1 page in your final report. 2) plant details (producing what? from what? using which process? located where? commissioned by whom? etc) 3)What can be found in terms of results in your report. Draw together issues which affect the overall plant.SUMMARY 1) what the purpose is of the report. i.

..............2.........5 Light Ends Distillation Column ................................2 Sketch/Design & Operating Conditions ..............2 Sketch/Design & Operating Conditions ......................................1 Description/ Purpose....4...............................................1 Acetic Acid Scrubber .............................................................................................. 1 3...............................1 Description/ Purpose..................................4 CO2 Solvent Recovery Column ........... 3 3..........2 Sketch/Design & Operating Conditions ................ 2 3................................................................................. 3 3...............5....................................1 Description/ Purpose.............TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.......................................................... 3 3............................................... 3 3.....................................1 Description/ Purpose........................................ References...6 Heavy Ends Distillation Column .....4.... Description of Individual Units ........................................1 Description/ Purpose............... 3 3................................................. 3 3. 2 3..... 1 2 ...2 Sketch/Design & Operating Conditions ..........................................................................................................................................................1..... 1 2...........................3............. 3 3...6..............................2 Acetic Acid Recovery 3....................................................................3 CO2 Removal Column ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6..................... 3 3...................1 Description/ Purpose........................................................................................1........ 1 3............ Overall Plant Flowsheet...5......... Description of Chemical Process Plant ..................................2 Sketch/Design & Operating Conditions .................................... 2 3.................. 3 3....................................................................... 3 3........... 2 3................... 3 4........................................ Conclusion ......................2......... 1 5................................................. 2 3...............................................................................2 Sketch/Design & Operating Conditions ............... 3 3.....................................................................................3...........................

OVERALL PLANT FLOWSHEET .1.

2. DESCRIPTION OF CHEMICAL PROCESS PLANT .

3. DESCRIPTION OF INDIVIDUAL UNITS 1 .

JOHNSON) 2 .1 UNIT 1 : ACETIC ACID SCRUBBER (OLAYIWOLA.3.

2 UNIT 2 : ACETIC ACID RECOVERY (UDABOR. Ethyl Acetate. this recycling also helps reduce costs in the production.e Water. and it is then recycled and used as a solvent (along with water) in the acetic acid scrubber absorption column. are removed from the system. more heavy components i. The acetic acid exits at the top of the column with a minimum composition of 96. THEODORA) Unit Description The purpose of this column is to separate and “recover” acetic acid from other.5% in the distillate stream. 3 .3. The heavies i.e Ethylene Acetate. Ethylidene diacetate and P-hydroquinone (other trace components being neglected). The Acetic acid is used in order to produce VAM thus a high purity is required. A diagram of the acetic acid distillation column is represented below.

90 Pressure (bar) 2.90 6.93 Number of stages 18 Tray Type Sieve Tray Tray Spacing 0.90 133.025 p-Hydroquinone 267.00 0.00 2.69 127. Design and Operating Conditions Parameter Value Design Temperature (C) 90 Design Pressure (Bar) 2 Diameter (m) 1.00 2.81 Ethyl Acetate 133. and the design and operating conditions of the column are shown below.98 Height (m) 14.26 Water 2142.81 Ethylidene Diacetate 133.21 4 .66 0.3 Table . . Stream data for inlet and outlet streams Stream 18 Stream 19 Stream 20 Temperature C 90. Table .81 0 267.00 Total Flow (kg/h) 27000 511.61 Acetic Acid 24321.00 129.6096 Feed Stage (from top) 13 Reflux ratio 1.47 2141.89 0.Process Data The stream data for the inlet and outlet streams.00 0.90 23470.3 Condenser Duty (MJ/h) -17139.19 17.6 Reboiler Duty (MJ/h) 20001.00 Vapour Fraction 0.65 851.72 150..

The presence of CO2 in the recycle gas stream into the reactor will also reduce the conversion rate and thus production of VAM. temperatures to 4 decimals’ place – just plain silly. hardly realistic. if you need a certain purity in mol%. and in which stream(s) When reporting feed location. but make it clear which you have ignored (and why this is ok). (And remember that ChemCAD counts the condenser (and reboiler). e. Use fractions (mole or weight) for components as this is easier to read than flow rates. 80% Methyl diethanolamine (MDEA) and 20% water are used as the solvent (Ref) to remove the CO2 via absorption. To make the gPROMS simulation task later easier. concentrations etc. the data should be in mol% so that the reader can easily see that you are meeting the specifications. Avoid “E-03”-style notation. The purpose of the unit needs to be crystal clear. so you may need to subtract this).3. you must state if this is from the top or the bottom. Consider the accuracy you are reporting – 6-8 decimals for a shortcut calculation. Equally.g. flow rates. we need number here. NORAKMAR) The purpose of this absorber unit is to remove carbon dioxide from the recycle gas stream to reduce the CO2 build-up circulating in the system. Avoid sPlitting tables over two pages . 5 .3 UNIT 3 : CO2 REMOVAL COLUMN (MOHD SAID. The removal will also ensure a lower throughput of materials which can improve the subsequent unit design. only consider components present in significant amounts. MUST EQUAL 1 The data in the tables should reflect the specifications.e. as does the specification(s) – i.

3.4 UNIT 4 : CO2 SOLVENT RECOVERY COLUMN (LAZAR. ROUVIN) 6 .

5 UNIT 5 : LIGHT ENDS DISTILLATION COLUMN (SHAHABUDIN. MUZAL) 7 .3.

6 UNIT 6 : HEAVY ENDS DISTILLATION COLUMN (ABOU-RAYYAH. MOHAMED) 8 .3.

4. CONCLUSION 9 .

5. REFERENCES 10 .

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