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AO ! "eries of #$$%
Fundamentals of Toxic and Hazardous Waste
A. Definition A hazardous substance is a substance discarded from homes, commercial, industrial establishments, institutions and healthcare facilities. Can be solid, liquid or gas that may affect human health and environment when not managed or handled properly. Can cause injury, disease, economic loss, or environmental damage. Can be fatal to humans at low doses, form: physical chemical or biological. A systematic administration of activities that provide for – identification, listing, collection, segregation, storage, transport, recovery, reuse, processing, reprocessing, treatment, disposal of hazardous waste. Toxic waste is a chemical waste material capable of causing death or injury to life. he term is often used interchangeably with !hazardous waste". #aste containing dangerous pathogens, such as used syringes, is sometimes considered to be to$ic waste. %%% Toxic means it is confirmed, it will hurt you in some way. Hazardous means it may be able to hurt you, depending on the circumstances. B. Toxic and Hazardous Waste Properties Toxicity - contain substances that are poisonous Persistence – stay long and travel long distances &e.g. organochlorines, 'C(s, )C(s, dio$ins, furans* Reactivity + able to e$plode &e.g. pero$ide, hypochlorite, formaldehyde* Degradability in nature – may resist photolytic, chemical, and biological degradation & e.g. heavy metals* Potential for accumulation in tissue – soluble in fatty tissue of living organisms and bio magnify as they move up the food chain &e.g. pesticides* Ignitability – capable of burning &e.g. waste oil, used solvents, paint* Corrosivity – able to corrode steel &e.g. acids from metal cleaning, o$idizing agents such as ozone, hydrogen pero$ide. Carcinogenicity – cause cancer &e.g. lead, mercury, arsenic, dio$in, anti+cancer drugs* Mutagenicity – cause mutations in chromosomes & e.g.pesticides, aflato$in* Teratogenicity – cause birth defects & e.g.mercury, lead, cadmium, 'C(s*
healthcare waste* Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age $ . Infectious – cause disease &e.g.
mortuaries. Sources househo%d &e. E.s. blood ban. .g.. used motor oil* industries &e.g. eyes o$icity 6 5ose $ 5uration of 7$posure Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age 2 . medical and nursing schools. factories. an important and necessary component of environmental health protection. paints. batteries. bulbs. hospitals. mining. laboratories. glass ceramics.in.g.RA 6969 . petroleum refineries. research institutions. )# management is. solvents. blood disease* /iver and gastrointestinal system 0idneys (rain and nervous system 1eproductive system – sterility.g. headache. fertilizers* hea%th care &aci%ities &e. pesticides. dialysis centers. therefore. Health effects of THW )# when improperly handled can lead to irreversible damage to the: . they are to be handled with sound and safe methods. neurobehavioral disorders among subjects. iron and steel* agricu%ture &e.in /ungs )eart and circulatory system &high blood pressure. clinics. health centers.* D. fatigue. smelters. -nadequate handling of )# may have serious public health consequences and adverse impacts on the environment. Impact of THW )# is special in that it has a higher potential for injury and infection than any other types of waste. coal mining. !outes of Exposure a* b* c* -nhalation 5igestion 5irect contact – s. herefore.etc. impotence 2ational 1esearch Council &3443* metaanalysis reports that e$posure to )# in dumpsite resulted to low birth weight. paper pulp.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% C.
55 . and biomagnify in the food chain 8 ' #esticides: aldrin. heptachlor.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% Common Toxic and Hazardous Su"stances from Industr#$ Potential Health Effects$ Areas in the Philippines "ein% monitored Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs* + Are also . chlordane. endrin. dieldrin.RA 6969 .nown as the !dirty dozen" chemicals + persist and bioaccumulate in fatty tissues. mire$ and to$aphene 8 2 (ndustria% chemica%s: he$acholorobenzene &)C(* and polychlorinated biphenyls &'C(s* 8 2 )nintended b*-+roducts: dio$ins and furans .
DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #age 4 Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide R. even in transit. contaminated plant or equipment or substances from manufacturing operations. 1co+e -mportation. A. industrial. even in transit of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their disposal into the 'hilippine territorial limits for whatever purpose 'rovide advancement and facilitate research and studies on to$ic chemicals..hort+term acute hazards /ong+term environmental hazards Hazardous Wastes + . as well as the . manufacture. manufactures. storage. processing. and as consumer discards of manufactures products or disposal Dec%aration o& #o%ic* 1egulate. side products. manufacture. transported or brought from the country of origin for dumping into or in transit through any part of the territory of the 'hilippines + (y+products. handling.eeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purpose Ob2ecti3es o . and9or injury to health or the environment: 'rohibit the entry. process residues. use and disposal of all unregulated chemical substances and mi$tures in the 'hilippines. use and disposal of chemical substances and mi$tures that present unreasonable ris. sale. processing.eep an inventory of chemicals that are presently being imported. and: o prevent the entry.ubstances that are without any safe commercial. transportation. spent reaction media. restrict or prohibit the importation.transportation.T /O0 6969 “Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste (TSHNW) Act” Hazardous 1ubstances – . distribution.eeping or storage and . as well as the . processing.#)-!(. handling.ubstances which present either: . manufacture. use and disposal of chemical substances and mi$tures that present unreasonable ris.. sale. sale. even in transit. including the entry. agricultural or economic usage and are shipped. storage. distribution. distribution. or injury to health or to the environment: o inform and educate the populace regarding the hazards and ris. or used: o monitor and regulate the importation.RA 6969 .
even in transit. processed or distributed in violation of the Act or -11 or orders <ailure or refusal to submit reports. manufactures. he administrative fines imposed and collected by the 5epartment of 7nvironment and 2atural 1esources shall accrue to a special fund to be administered by the 5epartment e$clusively for projects and research activities relative to to$ic substances and mi$tures.4. access to records as required by the Act. importation or bringing into 'hilippine territory.eeping in storage any amount of hazardous and nuclear wastes in any part of the 'hilippines Administrati3e 5ines . processed or imported for the first time as determined by the 5epartment of 7nvironment and 2atural 1esources. (m+%ementation 5721 – -mplementing Agency -nter+Agency echnical Advisory Council – 'rovide assistance to the 5721 in the implementation of 1A . but not more than 5i&t* thousand +esos 6#97 7770778 upon any person or entity found guilty thereof. including its maritime economic zones. either by means of land. the manufacturer. notices or other information. air or sea transportation or otherwise . in the storage.4 #rohibited Acts 0nowingly use a chemical substance or mi$ture which is imported. processed. processor or importer shall submit the following information: • the name of the chemical substance or mi$ture: • its chemical identity and molecular structure: • proposed categories of use: . aid or facilitate.ecretary of 7nvironment and 2atural 1esources is authorized to impose a fine of not %ess than Ten thousand +esos 6#$7 7770778 . directly or indirectly. or permit inspection or establishment where chemicals are manufactures.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age . RA 6969 .disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purpose. stored or otherwise held <ailure or refusal to comply with the pre+manufacture and pre=importation requirements: and Cause. #re-Manu&acture and #re-(m+ortation Re:uirements (efore any new chemical substance or mi$ture can be manufactured.
limits. 1ecycling and re+use @. welfare and safety c* )arm to animals. birds.RM1 he 'rocedural >anual adopts the following definition of terms in addition to those provided in .• • • an estimate of the amount to be manufactured. /andfill or inert hazardous waste residues )azardous wastes shall be managed in such a manner as not to cause or potentially cause a* 'ollution b* . treatment and disposal of their hazardous wastes D. tan. of 5AB 4?+?4 and 5AB 4A+?C as follows: . processing. RA 6969 . possession and wholesale of priority chemicals . De+artment means the 5epartment of 7nvironment and 2atural 1esources. in order of preference: 3.orrosi3e0 Corrosive wastes include those that are acidic or basic and those that are capable of corroding metal &such as containers.tate of danger to public health. import. >inimization of generation ?.ection .s. . processor or importer has.ontro% Order prohibits. and drums*.means 7nvironmental >anagement (ureau of the 5epartment of .M. barrels. transport.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #age 9 Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide Under RA 6969 IRR (DAO 29) 5721 'olicy on )azardous #aste: 'rohibit the entry even in transit of hazardous wastes and their disposal into the 'hilippine territorial limits for whatever purpose 7ncourage proper management of hazardous wastes generated within the country by promoting. wildlife.hemica% . manufacture. storage. reatment to render it harmless A. processed or imported: processing and disposal thereof: any test data related to health and environmental effects which the manufacturer. fish or other aquatic life d* )arm to plants and vegetation e* /imitation in the beneficial use of a segment of the environment #aste generator shall be responsible for the proper management and disposal of the hazardous waste #aste generator shall bear the costs for the proper storage.5(/(T(O/ O5 T. e$port. and regulates the use.
as will or is li. transport. warehousing.ely to move by vaporization into the air. solidification. detrimental or injurious to public health. biological properties of any water. -t includes stabilization. or any emission of objectionable odor. merchandising. the product or substance of which is intended for direct consumption. safety or welfare. or by leaching into surface water bodies or groundwater.7nvironment and 2atural 1esources. for further processing. treatment. viruses. chemical. /ew T1D 5aci%ities – <acilities that are constructed9installed after the approval of this 5721 Administrative Brder. and encapsulation. such as solvents that readily catch fire and friction+sensitive substances. (nert waste means any waste that. impermeable material. (gnitab%e0 -gnitable wastes can create fire under certain conditions. 7$amples include liquids. #ermit means a legal authorization to engage in or conduct any or all of the following activities for: )azardous wastes D storage. e$port. when placed in a landfill is reasonably e$pected not to undergo any physical. chemical. air and9or land resource of the 'hilippines. reprocessing. recycling and disposal )azardous materials D importation or e$portation #o%%ution means any alteration of the physical. . processing. or which will . parasites or fungi* in sufficient concentration or quantity to cause disease in susceptible hosts. (m+ortation means the entry of a product or substance into the 'hilippines &through the seaports or airports of entry* after having been properly cleared through or still remaining under customs control.ely to create or to render such water. or any discharge thereto of any liquid. gaseous or solid waste. air and9or land resources harmful. (n&ectious waste is a type of biomedical or health care waste suspected to contain pathogens &bacteria. and9or biological changes to such an e$tent as to cause pollution or hazard to public health and safety. or any production of unnecessary noise.nca+su%ation means physical immobilization of hazardous substances in a waste by enveloping the waste in a non+porous. RA 6969 .DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age 6 (mmobi%ization means to render hazardous substances in a waste not li.
adversely affect their utilization for domestic. industrial. recreational or other legitimate purposes.ontro% O&&icer 6#.O897nvironmental Bfficer is an officer technically . performing his9her duties and responsibilities in a particular manufacturing and industrial9commercial establishment and. #o%%ution . Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age < .nowledgeable in pollution control and environmental management. officially accredited by the 5721 to perform such responsibilities. agricultural.
water and land. T. and the environment. -t is applicable to liquid. #rocess means the preparation of a chemical substance or mi$ture after its manufacture for commercial distribution: 3. Reacti3e0 1eactive wastes are defined as wastes that: &3* are unstable under normal conditions and readily undergo violent change without detonating: &?* react violently with water and create spontaneously e$plosive mi$tures li. storage. to public health.!# & o$icity Characteristic /eaching 'rocedure* A procedure used to simulate the leaching which a waste will undergo if disposed of in a sanitary landfill. industrial or trade activities Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age ' . through any commercial. treated. As part of an article containing a chemical substance or mi$ture.RA 6969 .ecretary of the 5epartment of 7nvironment and 2atural 1esources. Trans+ort includes conveyance by air. through chemical bonds to an immobile matri$. recycled. 1tabi%ization means chemical immobilization of hazardous substances. vapors or fumes: and &@* are capable of detonating. T1D &treatment. 1ecretar* means the . solid and multiphase sample. Waste generator means a person &natural or juridical* who generates or produces hazardous wastes. 1o%idi&ication means physical immobilization of hazardous substances.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #riorit* . or disposed of. and disposal* facilities are the facilities where hazardous wastes are stored.e to$ic gases. wor. through which the waste is consolidated to reduce the surface area of the waste available for vaporization or leaching. or chemical conversion to immobile species.hemica%s !ist &'C/* is a list of e$isting and new chemicals that the 5721 has determined to potentially pose unreasonable ris.place. thereby reducing vaporization or leaching to the environment. reprocessed. -n the same form or physical state or in a different form or physical state from that which it was received by the person so preparing such substance or mi$ture: or ?.
DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% Waste trans+orter means a person &natural or juridical* who is licensed to transport hazardous wastes. Waste treater means a person &natural or juridical* who is licensed to treat. and tan. store. recycle. a parallel line shall be drawn to form an inner diamond 4E F of the outer diamond.RA 6969 . ?.s and @=cm $ @=cm for conveyances carrying vessels. 1+eci&ications o& 1*mbo%s 3. containers. he color should follow the colors specified in the figures below . he minimum size of the symbol is ?E cm $ ?Ecm for vessels. )nreasonab%e ris= means e$pected high frequency of undesirable effects or adverse responses arising from a given e$posure to a substance. A. and tan. @. containers.s. or dispose of hazardous wastes. (asic shape of the symbols is a square rotated AE degrees to form a diamond. At each of the four sides.
e$cept those specified herein: failure to comply with labeling requirements: failure to place placards on the conveyance9vehicle g* failure to comply with the subpoena or subpoena duces tecum issued by the .== 'h' E=.===.===.===.RA 6969 .== 'h' 3=.== 'h' E=.== 'h' E=.== 'h' E=.===.==9 condition violated 'h' E=.===.== Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age 9 #age 9 . >(O!AT(O/1 a* failure to provide appropriate information to the 5721 upon registration: submission of documents containing false information: failure to comply with reporting requirements under the law: failure to comply with the conditions of a permit.===.ecretary or his duly authorized representative 'h' 3=.===.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #age 9 Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide ADM(/(1TRAT(>.
g.ey to reduce )# in the first place /ist of )azardous #aste Alternatives in the household Management o& Househo%d THW 20 #ro+er 1egregation G 1ecycling 6 >otor oil – bac. to 'hilippine 1ecyclers -nc. to automobile repair shops )ousehold pesticides – bac. 40 . (ayer* /ead and batteries – bac. Waste Minimization is the .DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #age $7 Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management rocess A0 Househo%d THW 3. to manufacturers &e.RA 6969 .o%%ection + 5esignate a collection day .
'olllution 'revention @. 'hysical9chemical treatment – soil washing. Cleaner 'roduction Management o& THW &rom (ndustr* Treatment Methods he following treatment methods for )# are currently available in the 'hilippines.ubstitution g.@. distillation b. #aste >inimizatiion ?. <uel .tabilization9solidification &heavy metals* d. Aqueous treatment .aline waste* c. Dis+osa% – 5esignate a special cell in the landfill RA 6969 . here are currently facilities accredited by the 7nvironment >anagement (ureau: a.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #age $$ Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide -0 (ndustria% THW Management here are @ basic principles in the management of industrial )#: 3. 1emediation e. solvent e$traction. filtration. . 2eutralization &for acidic or al. 7ncapsulation f.
RA 6969 .ing the movement of hazardous wastes from the point of generation to the ultimate disposal location &!cradle to grave"* 1ection 29 ? Hazardous Waste 1torage and !abe%ing 1equired that vessels. /HIs must be vigilant in monitoring the compliance of industries to these provisions: "oa%s o& Tit%e ((( 1ection 2. 'lanning. containers and tan. storage or disposal facilities* 1equired that all waste management premises must receive permits from 5721 beforeaccepting hazardous wastes form off+site sources Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide #age $4 . raining 1ection 2< and 2' ? Trans+orter and Trans+ort Record 7stablished a permitting program for transporters of hazardous waste 1equired that generators only use authorized transporters to transport hazardous waste 1equired trac. .Minimization o& waste generation 1ecycling and reuse of hazardous waste reatment of hazardous wastes /andfill of inert hazardous waste residues 1ection 29 ? Waste (denti&ication -dentified broad classes and subcategories of hazardous wastes 7stablished broad e$emptions of certain waste streams 1ection 26 ? "enerators 1equirement for waste generators: 2otification.s storing hazardous waste be clearly labeled with proper information 1ection 47 ? Waste Treatment and Dis+osa% #remises 5efined categories of acceptable waste management premises &also referred to as hazardous waste treatment. 1eporting.DAO 92-29DENR AO ! "eries of #$$% #age $2 Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management !aws "uide DAO /o0 29 ? (m+%ementing Ru%es and Regu%ations o& RA 6969 his 5AB outlines the requirements of )#> plan in -ndustries.
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