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Challenges Facing our Country Today

Friends, as you know, our India is the 7th Biggest country in the world with the 2nd highest number of people living in our country, have developed so many socio-economic problems for itself. Illiteracy, Communalism and Casteism are three main challenges facing by our country today (ofcourse, there are so many other serous challenges too.. but unfortunately our government don't want to talk about them, so obviously you wont get any questions on them in ur exams). As far the Competitive Exams concerned, their main focus will be on Illiteracy.
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Communalism : A narrow aggressive and divisive outlook on the part of a section of people Regionalism : Regionalism is the tendency to preserve and promote the language, customs, culture, economy and the way of life of a particular region. Casteism : It opposes the democratic principles of liberty, equality and fraternity Scam : Large scale swindling of public funds Social evils that oppress women : Dowry System, Illiteracy and Early marriages

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Six types of freedoms given to an Individual :


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Speech and Expression Peaceful Assembly Forming Associations and Unions Free movement throughout the country Residence and Settlement Practicing any profession or occupation The right to life, health, nutrition and adequate standards of living Freedom from all forms of exploitation, abuse, inhuman treatment and neglect

2 important rights of a Child :


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The National Policy of Education Published in : 1986 National Policy of Education : Provides education to all children between the age group of 6 to 14 years National Literacy Mission : 1988 India and Pakisthan were separated : on the basis of Religion A basic human need today : Education The Government Document : Education for all (1990) First Linguistic State in India : Andhra Pradesh

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Habeus Corpus : A writ, that provides remedy for wrongful detention of a person Depressed castes : now called scheduled castes Scheduled Castes : also called "Dalits" Lok Ayukta and Lok Pal : to check corruption

Articles :
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17th Article : Untouchability is forbidden and prohibited 21st Article : Right to live 24th Article : Prohibition of employment of children in hazardous work 29th Article : Minorities have the right to safeguard their own language and culture 30th Article : Minorities have the right to establish educational institutions

Acts :
Prevention of Corruption Act : 1988 The Children Act : 1933 The Employment of Children Act : 1938 The Factories Act : 1948 The Government of India Act : 1935 The Protection of Civil Rights Act : 1955 Dowry Prohibition Act : 1961

Particulars of Literacy (as per 2011 Census)


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India currently has the Largest Illiterate Population India's Literacy Rate :
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Adults - 74% Youth - 82 %

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Female Literacy Rate : 65.46% Male Literacy Rate : 82.14 % Highest Literacy State : Kerala (93.91 %) Lowest Literacy State : Bihar (63.82 %) Literacy rate in S.C : 37 % Literacy rate in S.T : 30 % Growth of Literacy Rate from 1947 to 2011 : 12 %

Important Note : As you know some of the details mentioned above have changed during these 3 years. For example, Tripura beat Kerala with the Highest Literacy Rate 94.65 % (as on 7th September 2013). But its better to follow the official reports (of 2011) till we get the

new

census

report

until

and

unless

they

clearly

mention

the

year.