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03 March 2009

Metric Number:________________
Department of Mechanical Engineering
National University of Singapore

ME 2135 Fluid Mechanics II Quiz Dilip !hah
Time Allocated: 40 Minutes
Instructions to Candidates:
1. Answer ALL questions.
2. This quiz is equivalent to 10 o! the course total score.
". #nter onl$ $our metric num%er on the to& ri'ht corner o! this &a'e.
4. (ou are allowed to re!er to $our class lecture notes.
Q.1 Consider two geometrically similar centrifugal pumps. ne of the
pumps !pump 2" is four times larger than the other !pump 1"# i.e. D2
= 4 D1. $oth pumps operate at their BEP point.
(i) %f &oth pumps pump water and use the same power# estimate the
ratio of flow'rates through the two pumps# i.e. Q1 (Q2.
(ii) Compare the rotation rates of the two pumps under these
conditions# i.e. N2 / N1.
(4 marks)
)he non dimensional varia&les are C
Q
*Q(ND
+
, C
-
*g-(N
.
D
.
and
C
/
*/(0N
+
D
1
.
2iven3 D
.
* 4D
1
5t $E/# C
-
# C
Q
and C
/
will &e the same for the two pumps. 5lso given
is /
1
* /
. .
)herefore# C
/1
* C
/.
implies
") . *

0++ . 0
4
1

"
4
2
1
"
1
2
1
2
1
2
2 1
"
)
1
2
)
2
1
"
1
2
)
2
"
2
2
)
1
"
1
1

,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

D
D
D
D
N
N
Q
Q
C C Also
N
N
Therefore
D
D
N
N
D N
P
D N
P
Q Q

Q.. )he stream function for an irrotational flow field is given &y
( )


sin r
where 6 and 7 are constants. Derive the potential
function

for this flow field. Determine the stream function and


potential function for 7 * 8(.. 9or what value of 7# the given stream
function may represent a uniform flow:
(6 marks)

,
_


+
,
_


1
1
]
1

,
_


+
,
_

,
_

,
_

,
_

cos
, - cos
sin
1
, - cos
cos
1
and
1
1
1
r Therefore
r f r
r
r
f r
r
r
r r
v
r r
u
( )
( )
!low. uni!orm . . . . . sin
re there!o sin
!low/ uni!orm re&resent it to !or sin

sin cos
, 2 cos-
2
cos sin 2
, 2 sin-
/
2

2 2
2 2 2
2
2

r
r
y x
r
r
xy
r
r
For

,
_