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If

STAND&

SYSTEM

BUILDING WORK

STANDARD SYSTEM OF MEASURING


BUILDING WORK (SIXTH EDITION)
PREFACE
!I,
. As early as the end of die previous century quanlity sur\'cyor-S;tr~tlcoii~r.:~crc,r~i.;liIic.ti
the necessity for a standard method of measurement for the preparatior~o!'hillx of (ju;i~,li~ir:
I. ,: i';l:i,i1>,.
work
The first standard system for the measurenient of building wbrk in Sour11 All i~ ;; \i;I, p ~ ~ ! l l i,i' . i,.~ ~
by the Transvaal Society of Quantity Surveyors. Thereafter standard systcr~~s
\vcr.~,[,olllisl~ctl; I I i r i :'I
intervals on a national level and the fifth edition thercor, which has been in irsc 111, I!' I I I ~ I : , i i : l i i ' . c ~ j i l ~
appeared in 1977
Acornparisonbetween the 1906aidtliefiftl1editionsreveals an cnorrric,uk,IJL.. , 1.
, t ~ ! (I
i
fragmentation'- from a system prescribing only how to measure the principal nli~rcr-inb;I!;, 1 I:!~I' ' I ! , 1,. I : . !
prescribing the measurement of almost all material and labour in the l'ir~estd c ~ ; ~ i l
.,II:II.
I.
It is,precisely this
, . + progressive tendency of develop~nerltthat led to 11ic \ta11(/;11~:
theoretical. .with consequent unnecessary items in bills of quantities. Furtliel-irlo~.c>
t lit. ,l~rcxi
l r I ;iii:;c' :,
whether it ,is worthwhiIe to spend so much time on the preparation or unncccssill-!
~'hcl~ii
\ r'
ii,
quantities in this era of high inflation andlor high interest rates whiJst man! of. rlic .'~li!ort.,ic ; ! i ~ I I , I I : .
of quantities ark not scientifically priceable
~ ~ l i \.. ! ! l i ,
With this in hind the Standard System Joint Coinrnittee began in earnear 11, 21 , \ ~ . ~ l r lI \l!..
task of producing a sixth edition whilst they were still engaged with necessar!. a ~ i ~ e i ~ ~ II (~ rlic
r i ; I ~I \ ~~ I iIcclri
i ~ 11
It was achallenging taskespecially seen in the light of the attenlpt to fulfil the ~ ~ r - c ~ i .:i l.~i ~ci i'l > l i I i c , a i i i : ~ \ , , '
one h h d and the many organisations in the industry on the othel- Ii;iod ~lral1 i ; r t l I , ' ! - ; I I ; ~ \ 1! , ' :
therefore in certain instances a co~nproniise
C
.'..I,,.'
This sixth edition is the product of dedicared wol.ii c ~ v c .;~I .,JCI i o c l 01 1c.11 ..
.
. ,
committee who remained aware of their responsible task a1 ; I I I ~i~iics.
11 a,. ., :.I I.:,:
associated with such a committee
, : . & l

l..

11il.'

I:-;I!.II:

l : ; ,

I I ~ I I I

11

Il j l ! ) ~ u

ill

111

'

. j ~ ,
,

H M Siglt
Chairn~an:Standard System Joint C o n ~ ~ n ~ r r e c
October 1991

'

CONTENTS
S.,

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS ...................................................................................................................


I'agc
Bills of quantities ................................................................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Setting out of bills of quantities ........................................................................................ 1
I
Orde%.of
......,: .:items
. . . . ...A..................................................................................................................
Order of dimeisions .................................
.: ...................................................................l
,". ,,
,. .
Net"measurements ................................................................................................................I
............................................................................................................
~racdonal
. . . quantities
. .
-1
Provi$ion&quantities ..................................................................................................... :!
Provisional sums ................................................................................................................2
Contingencies etc .................................................................................................................
-1
Departures from the Standard Systeni ................................................................................
1
I

'

PRELIMINARIES

Preliminaries.......................................................................................................................
3

ALTERATIONS
General .........................................................................................................................l
Old materials ....................
.....
..................................................................... J
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -I.
Barricades, screens, etc
-l
Removals .................................................. '. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alteration work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Openings .............................................................................................................
. .
Bu~ldlngup openings ...............................................................................................
Re-use of existing components ....................... .
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 'i
Work in patches ..............................................................................................
i
Sundries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

'

EARTHWOKKS

GENERAL

l
2

Method and procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Bulking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

I ,

DEMOLITIONS AND SITE CLEAKANCJ:

Sire clearance ..............................................................................................................

!.

EXCAVATIONS, FILLING, ETC


5

Nature of material to be cxcnvatecl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CONTFNrS

9 .
10
11
12

17
18
19
20 .

Excavations ..........................................................................................................................
7
7
CIassification of material to be excavated ............................................................................
Removal of services .............................................................................................................
7
Carting away of excavated material .....................................................................................7
Risk of collapse of excavations ............................................................................................ 7
Working space ........................................................................................... ......................... 8
Keeping excavations free of water .......................................................................................8
...........................................................................................................................
Y

Grassing, pitching, etc ..........................................................................................................


X
Gabions ...............................................................................................................................
8
Filter fabric ........................................................................................................................C)
Weedkillers, insecticides. etc .............................................................................................
c)

Removal of lateral support ...............................................................................................I0


Insurance ............................................................................................................................
I0
Movement monitoring ...................................................................................................I f 1
GROUND ANCHORING

10
l1

Descriptions ..............................................................................................................
1 !)
.............................................................................................................
Establishment
I0
Test anchors .........................................................................................................
I0
...............................
Ground anchors ..................................................... .
.
.
111
Waterproofing of grou~ldanchors ..................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I !
Testing, re-tensioning and de-slressinp
of ground anchors .................... .
.
.
.............................................................................
I1
Rock bolts and rock dowels .................................... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 !
Soldiers, boarding, shotcreting, ctc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ! I

PLANKING, STRUTTING AND SHOKlNG

1.7

Shoring units

.......................................................................................

I I

LATERAL SUPPORT PILING


14

Lateral support piling

.......................................................

' I

GENERAL
Site conditions ......................................................................................
.......................................................
Nature of the work ....................
.
.

.---

. . . . . . . . . . l

3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Establishment ..................................................................................................................
12
Setting up .........................................................................................................................
12
Excavations .....................................................................................................................
12
Reinforcement ................................................................................................................
12
Exposing piles for inspection ........................................................................................ 12
Cutting off etc ..................................................................................................................
12
Testing ............................................................................................................................. 12

PREFABRICATED PILING
10
lI

12

Precast concrete piles .................................................................................................... I 3


Steel piles ....................................................................................................................
I3
Sheet piling ..................................................................................................................... l .:

CONCRETE CAST IN SITU PILING


13
14
15

Augered piles ..................................................................................................................


I;.
Driven, bored or similar tube piles ..................................................................................I .l
Disposal of excavated material ..............................................................................
I .I

CONCRETE, FORMWORK AND REINFORCEMEN'I'


CONCRETE
Classification ................................................................................................................15
Scope and unit of measurement ......................................................................................15
.
................................................................l5
Composite slabs etc .................................
Shotcrete ..........................................................................................................................
l5
Projections ............. .,.......................................................................................................
I5
:5
..............................................
Shaped tops and striking off and curing ..........................
.
Surface treatment .......................................................................................................
Ii
Grooves, channels, mortices, etc ...........................................................................
l6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. "
Bedding under base plates etc .............................
.
.
Test blocks ............................................................................................................ I (7
FORMWORK
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l. (. >.
General ........................
...............
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l(>
Scope and unit of measurement ........
.
.
..................................................................
Propping etc
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I 0
................................................................................17
Columns .......................... .
.
............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 .'7
Slabs ......................
.
Edges, risers, etc ............................................................................................ 1 7
. ,
Project~ons,grooves, elc ................................................................................. 1 '7
Openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I ;
Movement joints elc ......................................................
.
.
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I
-.

REINFORCEMENT
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 .S. . .
................................................................................
Classification ....................
.
.
IS
Bar reinforcement .............................................................................................. I I;
Special reinrorcemcnt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I. S
Fabric reinforcement .......................................................................
..L.,-u~l,;~.:.
....................
Pre-tensioned or post-teiisioned reinlorcc~~icli~
Tests ...............................................................:................:Ifii.i41j,.,a..i.,..i
d%g

,.

;l '.
,$!:..
<.

kj'
v)

3;.

C"
3;

;j/

Classification ...............................
. . .... ............... .......: ....................................................... 20
Formwork ........................................................................................................................20
Reinforcement ...................... ..... .... ...... ........ .... . . .. .. . .. ....... ........... ........ . .............. .. ...,........20
Bedding, jointing, etc .......................................................
20
Unit of measurement ........................................ .. ............... ...............
20
Wall linings .............................. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . ,, . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
....
............... . . . . . . ............ ........................ 20
Copings, sills, etc
Slab paving ...................................: ...................................................................... ............ 20
Joint:sealants. iointine strios. etc .................................................................................
20

6'
7

Beamfilling .................................... ..
27
Vaulting ................ ........ .................. .. . ..... .. .... . . . .. .. .. ... . .. ..... . . ..... ........ ....... . . . .. .. .. ... .. ... ..... ... -.
73

12

Building brickwork to a fair facc .......................... . .. .. ......... .. . . . . ................ ..... ... . . ..... ... ... -.? i

1
2
3
4

7
8

..

J 2

16
17

Closing cavities
Proiections and cores

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27 '

. .
.. .................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .?'l
jo1111s
Joint forming material in rnove~nei~t
Reinforcement to brickwork .............................. ............ ............ . ..... .. .. . . .... . . .. . . .. . . . . . . .. . 2 4
.. ..... . . .
. . . . ...r... .. .... ....
.... . . .. . . . . .. .. . . . [l4
Fabricated lin~els
.
.
.
...... ......- . . . . .
. . . . . . . ,.
. . . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. 2 1' .
Turning pieces ...............
Face brick work ............. . . ... . . .... ... .. .. . . . . . .. . ......... . ... ..... ... . .. ... . . . . .. . . ..... . . . . .... . . . ... , . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Walls faced both sides .............. .. . . ....... ... ......... .. .... . . ... . . ...... ....... .. . .... .... .. .. . . . .. . . .... . . . . .. . .. . 24
Cut face brick linings .......................
.
......... .... . . . . . , .
. . . . .. . . .
.. . . . . . . .... . . 24
Fair cutting to face brickwork ...... .... ............... ...... ... .. . ...... . . . . ... . .. .... .... ... ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 24

. . . . . . 23

...........

........... -.
'4

BLOCKWORK

33
34
35
36
37

General ............................................................................................................................ 25
Piers .................................................................................................................................25
Standard comple~rlentaryblocks at corners,
ends, etc .........................................................-............................................
.................... !:5.
Special blocks for copings, sills, lintels. ctc ....................................................................15
Concrete filling ................................................................................................................
SO

PAVING ETC
38

Paving ...........................................................................................................................
?h

RUBBLE WALLING
?(l
Mass and irregular rubble work ....................................................................................
'0
Walls and Iinings ........................................
.................................................................Bearnfilliilg ......................................................................................................................
20
Facing and pointing .........................................................................................................?(>
.............................................................................
Copings, sills. etc ..........................
.
2(3
Pitched angles ................................................................................................................
2"
Trinuning to receive plaster etc ...........................................................................: .......... -7 ~i
'7
Flues ................................................................................................................................
Niches ............................................................................................................................
-i7
Turning pieces and centres ........................................................................................... 7 7

-.

STONEWORK
. -:
Classification ...............................
.... .............................................................................
?;
Labours .........................................................................................................................
'
Ashlar walling. linings and paving ..............................................................................7
Margins, skirtings, cornices, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,. .
.Mouldings ..................... .
.
..............................................................................
Columns, piers, etc .............:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special features ....................................................................................................
::h
Rough rebates, grooves, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-.c7.q
'S
Fair edges, angles, etc ...................................................................................................
'S
Holes, notches, etc .........................................
*..............................................................
Cramps, dowels, etc .................................................................................................'>
. .
Turnlng pieces and centres ......................................................................................... I:?
1

MISCELLANEOUS
(li
62
63
64
(3

66

Quarry tiles. cement tiles, fibre-cenrcnt. ctc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Ornamental blocks, glass blocks, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . "
Hoop iron ties. crrlnlps, ctc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,
. .
, ..
Air brlcks etc ..........................................................................................
Fireplaces ............................................................................................Special features ..................
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .'!,
...
I

(.

I I
S

CONTEWI S

tr
'

'

DAMP PROOF COURSE


l

General .......................................
,...................................

SHEET OR MEMBRANE WATERPRO0F:ING


;i

:.

2
3

. :1

i:':
hi.!
~.
!C:

l
i'

,:..

:
:
i a

.!

4
5
.6

General ............................................................................................................................
24
?4

Preparatory work, underlays. etc .....................................................................................


Protection ........................................................................................................................29
Circular work ...................................................................................................................
29
..............................................................................................................
Flashing strips
30

bp!.,

:l.

TROWELLED-ON WATERPROOFING
7

tp:

C.
$
F

General ............................................................................................................................
30

LIQUID WATERPROOFING
'

General ..........................................................................................................................
30

WATERSTOPS, JOINT SEALANTS, ETC


9
10
11

Waterstops, sealing strips, etc ...............................................................


........................ 30
Joint sealants ................................................................................................................30
Waterproofing additives ..................................................................................................
30

ROOF COVERINGS ETC

I
2
3
4

....................................................................................
General ..........................
.
iI
Circular cutting .............................................................................................................
.; l
Eaves and verges .......................................................................................................... ;. I
Ridges, hips, closed valleys arld vertica!
angles .............................................:..........................................................................
Purpose made tiles .........

THATCH
6
7
8

~,
General ..................................................................................................................... :;
Ridges and apex caps ......................................................................................... :
................................................
Ornamental bands and run~iers.................... .
.
4.'

PROFILED SHEETING OF METAL. FIBRE-CEMENI', PI,ASlIC', l<l'(.'


9
10

II
12

13

General ........................................................................................................................
3.2
Circular cutting ................................................................................................
.32
Cranks, bullnoses and curved turn-ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3. '
Rolled edges at verges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,,
Accessories ..............................
.
.
........................................................................:
. I

..

FLAT SHEET METAL


17
18
19

General ...........................................................................................................................
33
Circular cutting ..............................................................................................................
34
End caps, finials, etc ......................................................................................................
-7.1

SHEET METAL FLASHINGS, LININGS, COPlNGS, EI'C


20
21
22

i.)
General ...........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
Flashings
.?.l
Linings, copings, etc ......................................................................................................
?,-l

CARPENTRY AND JOINERY


-4 i
General .......................................................................................................................
7 ,i
.....................................................................................
Labours ................................
.
Fixing ................................................................................................................ 3 5
Structural tinlbers .......................................................................................................
...M
......................................................................
-i(l
Plate nailed timber roof tnlss coilstructio~~
70
Floor and roof boarding ....................................................................................................
Doors, windows, sashes, etc .......................................................................................
.?O
Frames, rails, skirtings, etc ...............................
.
.......................................................\ (>
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7'7
Shelves, fittings, etc ........................
.
. .Stairs ........................................................................................................................
?, Panelling ..................................:.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
,Plastic, fibre-cernenl. e ~ ..........................
c
. . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CEILINGS, PAKTITlONS AND ACCESS FLOORING

I
2
3

....
Ceilings ..........................................................................................
. . . . :>
Partitions ..............................................................................................
.,
Access flooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FLOOR COVERINGS, WALL LININGS. ETC

General ..................................................................................
.....
....................................
Preparatory work ...........................
Polish, sealers, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circular work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dished flouring ............................................................ . . . . . .
Circular cutting ............................................................................
Margins, borders and 1ui-11-ups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insets ....................... .
.
.
...................................................................
Edge and cover strips ...................................
.
.
..........................
Skirtings ........................1.........................
.'..... ,..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

vii

13

Stairs ................................................................................................................................
41
Nosings ............................................................................................................................
41
Plastic handrails ............................................-................................................................ d I

3
4

Unit of measurement .......................................................................................................


42
Locks ...............................................................................................................................43

Proprietary kitchen cupboards, lockers,

11

12

g
t:',

+.

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK

Classification ...................................................................................................................
43

Ge~leral....................................................................................................................... 43
Tests ..............................................................................................................................
'$4

METALWORK

GENERAL

I
2

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-0
.
Classification ....................
.
.
. .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
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.
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.
.
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.
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.
.
.
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J o ~ n t ~ nand
g cutting
j ri
,

3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..+
Unit of measurement .......................
.....
Stairs, balustrading, cat ladders, grilles.
gates, framework, etc ............................................................................................
ii
...............................................................................................................
h?inor work
40
Ribbed floors and permanent decking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Floors elc for~neclof open grillewo~.kor grating9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 4 ( ~
Skirtings etc .....................
.
....................................................................
Door franies ........................... .
.
40
................................................................................................................
1)oors
.40
Windows etc .................................................
......
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1'1
Fly screens and burglar screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0
..............................................
ildjustable lou\tres
Miscellaneous .......
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1.-.

OTHER METALS
15
16

1
......................................................
Copper, lead, etc ..........................
.
.
! ~;
Aluminium windows, doors, ctc ..............................
......................................

,
CONTENrs

CURTAIN WALLS, SHOPFRONTS, ETC


17

Curtain walls, shopfronts, etc ...............................

PLASTERING

Classification ............................................................................................................ I X
CircuIar work ...................................................................................................................4s
Scope and unit of measurement .......................................................................................4d
Labours on finishes ...................:.....................................................................................48
Skirtings .......................................................................................................................... 48
48
Finishes to kerbs, sills, etc ...............................................................................................
Mouldings ........................................................................................................................49
Ornaments etc .................................................................................................................
.4O
Dividing strips, metal beads, etc ....................................................................................4C?
Metal lathing .................................................................................................................'4

TILING

Classification .................................................................................................................i0
Circular work .................................................................................................................. 50
Beds and backings ...................................................................................................
.50
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3'
Scope and unit of nleasure~nent.....
.
.
................................................................... < ( l
Labours on tiling ...................
....
Mitred corners and special edge ancl corncl.
tiles .......................................................................................................................
3)
.
'F CLC .................... .-.-... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Treads, risers, skirtink..
.
<
i
Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soap dishes etc ......................2..
..................................................

PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE

General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GLrTITRS ETC
73

Koof gutters, rainwater ~ ~ i l ' c sctc


. ........................................................
Stormwater chao~lels................................ .
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PIPEWORK ETC

4
5

6
7
8
9

'.

Scope and unit o l rne;~sui.c~ne~lr


...........................................................
Pipe trenches
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ;.
. .
Pipe insulation and prutectinn ..................
. . . .... ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
:
...
Encasing ................................................................................................
....
Anchor blocks, thrust blocks. ctc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .:
.
.~ .
Gulleys, grease traps, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :> i

:f,

....

1;:

10
11
12

13

Inspection chambers, catch pits, etc ................................................................................


54
.......................................................................................
Soakage pits, french drains, etc
54
Connections ..................................................................................................................... 54
Testing .............................................................................................................................54

SANITARY FITTINGS, TANKS, GEYSERS, E'I'C

14
15
16
17
18
19

Sanitary fittings ............................................ ....................................................... i1


...
Tank.$, geysers,etc ..........:. .............................................................................
i
...........................................................................
Taps, valves, etc ....................
......
54
...................................................................................................
Waste unions, traps, etc
Fire hose reels etc ...........................................................................................................
5.!
Fire fighting equipment ............................................................................................ i.l

SLEEVES AND HOLES

20
21

--

5
.......................................................................................
Sleeves ....................
.
5 -;
Holes .........................................................................................................................'1

ELECTRICAL WORK

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
-.

'>h
Classification ..........................................................................................................
Connection to main supply ..........................................................................................50
Main supply and equipnle~it........................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.(l
..............................................
Distribution boards etc
Cables .......................
.
...
.
.
.
................................................................. . . . 3)
Cable trenches ............................ ... ............................................................ . . . . . . c!. (7
...
Conduit ................................................................................................................ > '
.
Outlet boxes .................................................................................................. . . . . . . .
Cable trunkillg elc ...........................................
.
.
.... .
.................................. . . . ..;
< ;
Draw wires ..........................................................................................
...
Conductors ..........................:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~
Busbar systems .............................. .
.
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..-.....
. . . . . . . . . . :'
i >.
. . .
Socket outlets alld light sn'itciics ...........................................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - !.,
Fittings, equipment. elc ............................. .
.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i. .s. .
Earthing ....................
.
...
.
.
......................................................... i
Lightning protectio~i.........................
.
<)
Holes ...............................................................................................
.
.
?(l

'8

=
l

;X

ELECTRONIC INSTALLAI'IONS
1R

Conununica~ion.security an$ control


...................................................................
installations .....................
.

.>:

GENERAL

19
20
.

21
22

.
.
Identificatio~lmarkers elc ...................................................................
Testing and conunissiorlillg .....................................................................
Drawings, manuals. etc ..........................................................................
Replacement parts etc ...............................................................................

>~

is

. . .
.

.:

.;., ,

MECHANICAL WORK

1
2

Classification ................................................................................................................ ( 1 0
Equipmerlt ................................................................................................................... . O O

Pipework etc
General ........................................................................................................................ .60
Scope and unit of measurement .......................................................................................
h0
Valves etc ....................................................................................................................... 0 I
Pipe trenches ............................................................................................................... . O l
..........................................................l
Pipe insulation and protection .....................
....
..........................................................................................................................
Encasing
117
............................................................
Anchor blocks, thrust blocks, etc ....................
.
62
. .
.O:!
Inspection chambers, junct~onboxes, etc .......................................................................
.I-

Ductwork etc
11
12
13

Scope and unit of measurement ....................................................................................


.(l2
.............................................................................
Diffusers, griIles, etc .................... .
.
02
Ducting insulation and protection .........................
.....

CONVEYING INSTALLATIONS
14

15

....................................
Lift installations ...................
......
.........................
Hoist, escalator and conveyor inslallationh ........................................................ . ( l 3
ij'

OTHER MECHANICAL INSTALLATIONS


16

Material handling installations, disl~osal


installations, etc ....................................

GENERAL
17
18
19

20
21

Testing and commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (1.;


Drawings, manuals, etc ................................................................................................
(1.4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .h4
Identification markers etc ...................................
...?
Replacement parts etc ...........................................................................................( 1.4
..
Electrical work and work by other tradcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .04

Classificatio~l. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(;i
Glass in shapes other tllarl rcCtangular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
hi
..........................................................................h
.
Glazing ...................
.......
Labours on glass ............................................................................................ (i5
Glass louvre blades .................
.
.
...........................................................
(75
Glass in tops, shelves, doors, rnirrors, etc .........................
...............
........................ 0 5
Bent glass ....................................................................................................
. . (7.5
Leaded and coppercd lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .( I.<

9
10

Patent glazing ..................................................................................................................G6


Materials resembling glass .............................................................................................. (16

PAINTWORK

<

2'

&,
n-.?:
p,

2
3
4
5

6
7

8
9

F:g"

Colours ...........................................................................................................................
(17
Scope and unit of measurement ...................................................................................
Columns, beams, ribs, hoods and fins ................................................................
:............07
TNSS~Sand lattice work .................................................................................................
.(17
Frames etc ...............................................................
+.......................................................
67
Windows, sash doors, etc ................................................................................................
(38
Signwriting and gilding ...................................................................................................h8
Polishing ........................................................................................................................
(18

PAPERIIANGING

/. i
S.!,

:v'

!#,
h.

ic?G

.-

;;F.:.

1
2
3
4

?.'

,,.

:g:,
.,n8

.pi.'
.?Q,,
.p

.p
C,

Classification ..................................................................................................................
09
.......................................................................................
Scope and unit of measurement
09
Borders and motifs ..........................................................................................................
h?)
Hessian, canvas, etc .....................................................................................................
()(l

,i
F ..

, ,:'

EXTERNAL WORK

G!

Topsoil, compost lime and l'ertilizcl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .' .( .1 .


Plant bed preparation .......
.
...............................................................................
70
..........................................................................................................................
MuIcli
1
Grassing, ground cover, ecc ................................................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . -(; 1
Trees, shrubs, etc .......................................................................................
.; I
Fruning of existing trees and shrubs .......................
.
.
.......................
....
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .:!!
Watering, maintaining and protecting ...................................................................... 7 0
Pebble covering ..............................,............................................................................
Rockery boulders ..................................................................................................7(1
Retailling structures ......................
.
.
.
....................................................
l
..................................................................
Paving etc ............................. .
.
Ponds, water features, etc ....................................
:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I
'I
Benches. tables. etc .....................
.
.
.
........................................
Drainage ....................................................................................................... I
Irrigation systems ..................................................................................
Effect lighting ..........................................................................................
i l
.-

1 :!

13

15
16

17

KOADWORK

1X
19
20
21

Classificatio~i.................................... .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I
Excavations, filling, base courses, elc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; I
Road surfacing ......................................................................................................
:1
Channels, humps and shoulders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
:_I

22
23
24

Channelling, kerbing, edging, etc ....................................................................................7 1


Road signs, crash barriers, etc .........................................................................................
12
Drainagc ........................................................
..,+ ............................................................
'/?

25

Painting ...................................................................................................................

26
27
28
29
30
31
32

Classi[icatiou. ............................ .-.. .......................................................................


Removal of trees etc ........................................................................................................
7-1
1 7
Unit of measuremen1 ........................................................................................................
!.
-1
Descriptions ....................................................................................................................
-,
Bases and kerbs ...............................................................................................................
I ..
',
Washing lines ..................................................................................................................
-1
Painting ...........................................................................................................................
'-

7 ,

!.

'-

I,,:
',?$,../..

I:

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
1

Bills of quantities

'The bills of quantities shall set out the wolk to be donc In a c c o ~ d ; ~ i\


~ ~~ ct ctllr
l ~I ulc\ 1a1clL I O L \ I ~ 111 tl11'
document. In circumstances where no specific'rulc can be applicd rhe H 01k shall be g1vc11111 accol tl,ulc.c \\ 1t11
the general principles contained herein

I
1

Unless otherwise statedthedescription of each item shall be deemed to j~lcludemanufacturing, conve!fll~g


and delivering, unloading, storing, unpacking, hoisting, setting, fitting and fixing in position, cutting, \\asle
patterns, models and templets, plant, temporary works, return of packingc. eqtablishnlent clia~gcs.profit 311d
other obligations arising out of the conditions of contract

Setting out of bills of quantities

The bills of quantities shall be set out in the following I'onn:


Item No

Quantity

Rate

Amount

Order of items

Description

The work shall be set out us far as possiblc

ill

accvrdi~~~cc
wit11 1l1c lbllo\vir~grules:

3. 1 The work shall be divided illro trades and sectio11.;ol' rr.;rcles iri
111eorder as set out in this Standard Systcnl

3.2 Within each trade or section tllereol the ordel sll;tll I)e I I I C I \ \
'volume, aiea, length and rlumber
3.3 Sub.ject to the abovc rules. itenls shall he placed
approximate order ol' value. rl~cchcapcst first

ill

tllci~

Order of dimensions

I.)inlensions shall as far as possil7le he given i n llle Ibllo\\ ill? sccluc~~cc..

' .

4. l

Horizoiltal at right angles

10

the line of sigh1

4.2 I-lorizontal parallel to the Jillc ol vght


I

.
i-

4.3 Vertical

. Net measure~iients

Unless otherwise stated all work shall bc ~neasurcdllet ; I < I'ixcd i l l ~~ositioll.
All : I I I ~ Ya!~ail dciltlc~i~l
and no allowance shall be made for waste. nor for passinss a i d laps csccpl whcre cl~llcl.\\.i\c
\[;lrcd \Vl~l:~c
lnp\
occur they shall be included in the descriptio~ls
Eacfi measurement shall be raken to the nearest 10 I I I I I ~i . ~ .5 111111 i ~ ~ l O\.CI.
(l
s11aII llc: I-C~;II(I[XI;I,\ l0 111111
and less than 5 mm shall be disregarded. 7'11is I-uleshall 11u1apply r c l am ~ l i l ~ ~ c ~ st;~rctl
i s i o ~i l~l 1111,
s tlcxc~il,iiu~~l\
7

Il

GENERAL INSTRUCSIONS

Fractional quantities

Quantities shall berounded off to thenearest wholeunit. However, where the value of fractional qua~lrities
is of relative significance, quantities may be given to onc decimal place
7

Provisional quantities

Where the quantity of any work canllot be accurately dcten~linedduring preparation ot tlic bill? of
quantitie$, sttch'vrtdrk shall be described as provisional and subsequently remeasurecl

Sepaate provisional sums shall be given for each class of work


Items shall begivenforprofit and for attendance where required. Descriptions of attendance shall include
scaffolding and other facilities to be specially provided, prescribed protective measurcs, etc

Contingencies etc

Sums for contingencies, provision for contract price adjustments a~idother expcntliture wliicli cannot be
determined during the preparation of the bills shall be given in thc sumniay at the end of the bills of quantities
10 m t u r e s from the Standard System
No departure shall be made from this Standard Systeni except to n u t the requlrclncnts of exceplional
circumstances. In such cases special methods Illay I)c acloplctl providccl tlic p~incll)le\laid do\vn h c ~ e ~; InI ~
observed and the meaning and intent are clear

~
I

,F-'-

,: T T
7 T r7 !' ~

PRELIMINARlES
a general nature that may affect the cost of the works shall

Information concerning the bills of quantities and the availability of construction doculnentatior~
e eiriployer and consultants

Clause headings of the.relevant,'conditionsof contract

Identification of the site

Restrictions with regard to access, area to be occupied and procedure

Restrictions on the use or disposal of materials and articles found on the site

Responsibility for the preservation of boundary beacons etc

..
-

Results of soil investigations

Responsibility in respect of previous contracts

Responsibility in respect of the management and execution of ~licworks

' -

Programming of the works and meetings

Sainples of materials and worknlanship


Enclosure of tile works and protection of tlie public

Plant and temporary works such as roads, sheds, ol'ficcs i~nrlnotice boards
The supply of water, electricity and lighting, telephones and toilcls

Method of payment for preliminaries

Method of calculatiori for the adjusLnienr of preliminaries


, Method

of pricing dayworks

ALTERATIONS
General

Making good shall be included in the descriptions of the relevant alteration items where cxpcdicnc,
otherwise it shall begiven separately inaccordance with tlieprinciples l a ~ ddown in thercleval~ttradcs. Making
good at juncti~lnof new with existing finishes shall be deemed to be inclurled in tllc descr iptio~ls
4 )

IT,

Strutting, shoring;etc incidental to alterations shall be deemed to be included in rhc dcscript~ons.


Prescribed strutting and shoring shall be given in ccordance withthc principles laid down ill "Lateral Support"

Old materials

The manner Of disposal of old materials shall b stated and where lriaterials ale to beco~rlethe property
of the contractor provision shall be made for allowin credit. Where old materials a1 e pernlitted to be I-e-uscd
in new work this shall be stated. Old materials or components which are to remain the ploperty ot the clllploye~
shall be so described including storage as necessary. Old materials or components rcquired to be set aside for
refixing shall be so described and temporary storage thereof shall be dee~ncdto be included ill the dc~criplioec

Barricades, screens, etc

Prescribed temporary barricades, screens, roofs, etc sliall be give11ijyrZ:c_tresor'~~


I I U I I I ~ C ur
I Iila) l)e gi\rc~l
In detail in accordance with the principles laid dowu in the rcle\allr r~adcs

. Removals

'

Removal of walls, slabs and surface beds sha11 he g ~c11


\ 111 \qu:uc rne(r.> Rc~lio\:I] ol concrccc l1ea111~.

.-coluln~lsand
.stairs shall bggivenin nu~nbcror in cubic nlcrlc.\
1

Removal of -,finishes
.- - . . ... from walls,
. floors, ceilings, ctc sll:lll he g i \ w

ill

sc1ual.c I I I C ~ I . ~ ~

,-

Reinoval o f ~ o o l shall
s
be given in number and dcscript~ol~q
<hall i~~cludc
ccil~t~g\.
cai.c.5. clc
Removal of suspcnded floors, panclling, ccilin:. .. c!c sII:III
shall include -skirtings,
rail;, cornices, etc
-

Ilc give11ill sc1ual.c ~llctics; u ~ c lilescrip~io~~s

Rernoval of partitions shall be giver1 ~ I ~ B & ~ s . . ;dcscri[ltiorls


III~~
sll:~llii~cluclcdoors. iloi~~llo~igc~-y.
glass.
i

etc

--

.,

,:

lie~novalof doors, windows, fittings, ctc shall be gi\ C I I i l l I I L ~ I I ~ ailcl


~ ) ~ Idc\criptio~~s
sliall illcluclc tra~~les.
.
irorl~:lo~lgery,
glass. sills, etc; those to be removed fro111\\~allsto Ilc clc~llolishedsllall bc givcn scpar.;~tely
1

Re~novalof sanitaryware shall be givcn in nunlber iuld dcsciiptio~~s


sl~illlinclude d i s c c ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1'1~1111
cctio~l
pipes, traps, cisterns, etc. Remov:~lofpipes shall bc g i w n iri,;~~c_s
:u~dclcsc~.iptic~ns
sli:111 he clec~rleclco i~~clutlc
\... .,.. _"_-.-...__
pipe f ~ t t ~ n ag ns d p q e supports
...l*

111;1! IIC pi\ c11


Alternatively, where expedient, items re-quircd to he g i \ w in cubic. squalc (11 li11c;lr.111cii.c~
i n number and descriptions nlay in&& making good and any inciclei~~al
rlcii: w o h~

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L I . - - - - - - - - i

1
1

;1

EARTHWORKS

Method and procedure

ReStri~ti~fis
regarding blastingand the useofjackhammers, mechanical excavators, compactors, elc shall
be.&ed
Excavation or fill*g which i$ to be done in a particular order or in sections, such as Inay be prescribed
for the removal of lateralsupport to adjoining premises or for filling behind retaining walls, shell be so described
Prescribed multiple handling of material shall be included in the descriptions
2

Bulking
No allowance shall be made in measurements for bulking

Vemolitions etc

Breaking tip and ren~ovingsurface concrete etc shall be given in sc~?a,rqmetres stating tl~c~l~ickness.
Breaking up and removing kerbing and the like shall be given i~lmeiresstating the size
Breaking down and removing
descriptions

m,b v ~ ! w & l s ,

ctc h a l l he given

m,gi\'i~iag e ~ r e l ~ ~ l

gi\,irlg gelieral
Demolition and removal of buildings and pther structures shall he gi\;c~li l l ~lulnl~cr.
descriptions. The removal of foundations shall be dealt wit11 in accordance with clause 7
The disposal of matehals shall be described and where l~~atcrials
are [o Occolne the propcJty 01 Ll~c
contractor provision shall be made for allowing credit

Site clearance

Tile digging up and removal of rubbisll, debris, vegctatiun, hedges. shrubs and trees 1101excccdin~2UU
Where the value is of relittive sigoii'icance, t\lr: uc~no\~al
mm girth, bush, elc shall be given in ,. ,
. . ...... . .I. .
bf hedges etc shall be given separately 2 ~ r n e t r e u x u u U d u r

--

;The removal of larger trees shall be given in number, the girt11aroul~dthe 11.urlkI nl Iligh abo\,egr oulltl
level beihg stated, grouped in S12itS exceeding 200 mm andiot exceeding 500 Inn1 girth ar~dthereafter to stages
$5PO mm., Descriptions shall state whether roots are to be grubbed up arld holes iilled in. l'he ren~ov;~l
of t ~ c c
stumps shall be kept separate from trees, the girth being taken at thc top of the ~ ~ L I Iif'11ot
I I ~ cxccedi~~g
l 111 higli
The stripping or excavation of turf or vegetable soil to bc prewrved shall be given ~ I scluare
I
nletl C S stating
the average depth and where i t is to be deposited

EXCAVATIONS, FILLING, ETC


Nature of material to be excavated

The nature of the material to be excavated shall be desc~ibed.All available in~olmationregarding thc
presence and depth of subterranean water shall be given
4

'

B~,~tixcavations
and elicavations for trenches Atl holes shal1,be given irk cubic metres separated into

> u c c e s ~ p t h of
s 2 m. Open face excavations such as cutiing or levelling of sloping sites shall be given
, s$aqply,

no distinction being madelor depths

,,
The separation of excavations into depths shall be related to the original or rctluced ground level as rllc,
case may be
~ e s k r i ~ t i o nshall
s be deemed to include setting aside excavated material for use as filling, forlnirlp
'
'txcavated surfaces to falls, slopes, contours, etc, trimming sides and stepping, levelling and ianlming bottu~iis

he quantities of excavations shall be the net voids to be formed in accordance with the clrawings and
of the relevant structi~resmultiplied
specifications and shall be not less than the.,horizontal
.
area
. . of...the
.. . ...bottqm
,. ._,. ..>
by the
average
depth
from
the
surface.
Where
undercutting
is
prescribed,
however,
the undercut work'shallhc
*.+,,,,
'.,..
kept separate, aIlowancefor overbreak being made at an angle of 45 degrees. Existing voids shall be deduclctl
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.Classification of material to be excavated

Excavations shall be described to be in the type uf ~naterialthat is the least clill'icult Lu excatnlc.
Excavations in material of a more difficult character sliall be suitably classified and give11 as exlrii vvci.
separating only "bulk and "trenches and holes" and making no separation for deptlis. Breaking up :~n,.!
removing concrete, brickwork, etc encountered irl excavations shall be silr~ilarlygi\icn

Removal of services

Descriptiolls of excilvations sl~allbe deemcd to incllrdc thc removal of disusctl tl~.;iius.II~IIC!;. c;~lilcs.
encountered during excavations including cutting and stupping 01.1l:!,.

The diversion uf scrviccs including cutting. stopping OK, etc shall bc give11i l l tllc ~.eleva~it
t~.atics
9
I

1
i

Carting away of excavated material

If the excavated material is to be carted froni the site. tlic ca~ting;Iway tlic~~col'sliall
hc givcll irl-~
metresas extra over,all excavalions and, if to be dir~ilpetlin ii prcscribetl place. the location and :q)lxosill~a[~;
.
.shall be stated
..-distance
:..-..,.-pl.u:.
,

10 Risk of collapse of excavatio~ls

1
i

,
The risk of the collapse of excavations shall be picc11in squu_rle111eti.c~
ancl sli;rll Ilc. ri~c;iru~.c~.l
to ; i l l
of excavations whether working space is given ur riot
C-

The area for sloping sides shall be the

c.itic.

mean length ~nirl~iplicdby rile perperidicul;l~-heigl~i


_.

Separate items shall be given for "bulk ant1 "trenches and holes" as wcll as for c.x.;cavatio~~s
~ I U I Iglon~!ll
I
level to not exceeding 1,5 111 deep and from ground level to exceedi~~g
1,5 m dccp
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~

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Risk of collapse shall not be measured where prescribed support is to be measured or where the excavated
face is prescribed to be cut back to the angle of repose

1 '

$
l

1 1 Working space

Q-

Sides of excavations necessarily required to be excavated back for working space i e bcyoncl the extcnL
defined in clause 6 above shall be given in s uare metres and descriptions shall include any consequent
backfillingstatingthe method andor degree ofcompaction ems shall begrouped in successive overall deptlis
of not exceeding 500 mm, exceeding 5t)Omfn and not exceeding 1,s m and thereafter in stages oP 1.5 m stating
in each case the nature of the requirements and the distance between the structure and the side to be excavated
back'

'l

~xcavationsoccurring in material of a more difficult character shall be given in square lnelrcs as extra
..

over
*-.. .
,

-_

.
A
.
.
*

12 Keeping excavations free of water

Any prescribed dewatering process shall be given in appropriate items in accorcluncc urill~[lie priuci pies
laid down in the relevant trades
14 Filling
S
1

Filling of soil, stone, broken brick, etc shall be measured ~othe volume after cornpacllon allcl giver1 ill
cubic metres
. . ...., stating the method andtor degree of compaction. Separate items shall be given for lilling obtained
'from the excavations or from specified
borrow pits or supplied by the contractor. The descrip~io~is
of fillil~g
- . ... ..
obtained from h e excavations shall be deemed io include for haulage not exceediug 100 m from tllc pcri~lletcr
of tlie excavation; if hauled beyond this limit the,approximate distance sl,nll be stated. Forming to l'alls. slv(jes.
-.
contours, etc shall be deemed to be included in'the descriptiuns

3
U

'Separate items shall be given for backfilling to trenches, I~oles,etc. for fillirlg ovel. rile.
landscape mounds, berms, etc and for filling under floor?, steps. p a v i ~ ~cg ,t ~
#

101.

fllli!~gI I I

15 Foundation courses
Subbase and base courses shall be given in cubic ~rletresi l l accordalice with c1;1~1sc
14. S~;lhilis;rtio~~
(!I
foundation courses with lime, cement, etc shall'be given in,cubic I I ~ C I I . C Sas extra o\.ct. statil~plllc ralc oi
application
16 Compaction of surfaces
Conlpactio~lof natural orexcavated ground surlices shall he mcasurcd orily \\,IICII tllc I I I C L I I O ! ~ ( OIIICI I I I ; I I !
ramniixig bottoms referred to in clause 6) andlordegree ol'conrpiictior~is pscscribcJ ancl shall IJL) ri\ C I I iu SI.~LI;II-I
nletres
17 Grassing, pitching, etc
C

Grassing, pitching, etc shall be given-in square 111e1res


18

Gabions

Retaining structures formed of filled--gabion


boxes
an! niattrcsscs shall be g i v c ~in~cul?ic I I I C L ~ st;!(irip
C~
.
~
.
~
the sizes of boxes and mattresses and the diapliragni 'spacings
6

19 Filter fabric
Filter fabric shall be given in square metres
..

. .-

- ~ -

20 . Weedkillers, insecticides, etc


4

Treating surfaces with weedkillers, insecticides,'etc shall be given in square metre:. Forrnirlg V-grooves
along foundation walls etc and treatment with insecticides shall be includkd in
descriptions

%e

21

. Prescribed tests to establish the degree of compaction or otller properties of the g r o u ~ ~


ordfilling shall he
given in number
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LATERAL SUPPORT
GENERAL
1.
/

.
.

i
]

Removal of lateral support

Precautions to be taken and procedures to be followed when rernoving lateral support shall be give11o11ly
if prescribed. In all other cases risk of collapse shall be given in accordn~lccwith the pri~icipleslaid down in

uEarth3brksw
,

'i

Insurance against claims arising from the removal of lateral suppoll shall be allowerl for, either by
provisional slmroF-by stating the limit of the insurance cover reauired

Movement monitoring

When movement monitoring is prescribed an item shall be given for establishing bench marks, pegs, etc.
Periodic movement surveys shall be given in number and descriptions shall include the scope of the surveys

GROUND ANCHORING

The nature of the work and the excavated faces to be supllorted, any li!rli[ylionz nlSccti~igt h c g ~ - o u ~ ~ d
- a n . c h w e strata through which the anchors will have to pass and ~11e
position of ally cables, 11ipes or o~her
services shall be described
Descriptions shall be deemed to include drilling
$5

Establishment

Anitemshall be givcn forestUl_sh!nent_ofpla~.~_e[c


011 the site.
subsequent establishments for testing, re-tensioning or dc-stressing

sc.l)al.alr Ilcrii shall hc, gi\.c~lIOI.

i\

Test anchors

Test anchors shall be given in number. Descriplioils sllall include llie w o k111y
~ Io;\d. 1otvc1.; I I I C ~ O ~ ~ I ~ C \ .
upper anchorages, thrust blocks and the free length of cable
7

Ground anchors

Ground anchors shall be given under headings stating the \vo'rking load. Lower. ; I I I C ~ U I . ~ I sllal
~ C S l I)c. gi\.c:rr
in number, distinction being made between rock anchors and soft ground anchors. I.lllper illlchorages slinll hc
given in number and descriptions shall include prescribed protection against corr.osion. lriitial tcnsio~~ing,
initial acceptability testing and preparing 1- ad-extension related graphs shall be rlec~nedto bc included ill rl~e
descriptions. Free length of cable shall be given in metres ancl descriptiorls sliall iricludr pr.escribecl p~-olcctio~i
against corrosion

1-

LATERAL SUPPORT

TeJhng

and re-testing of cable holes for fissures and voids shall be given in number. Celllent grouting
of cable holes to prevent ingress of water shall be given in kilograms of cement. Re-drilling holes, washing
out of grout and encasing of cables shall be given in metres

ring, re-tensioning and de-stressing of ground anchors


and dc-stressing of ground andlors sllall

soil nails sliall be given in nurnber and dcscsiptions

%$&&S,boarding, shotcreting, mesh, etc shall be given in appropriate items in accordance with clause
12 or &p,riii~pleilaid downin the relevant trades. Concrete or mortar packing behind soldiers shall be given
in rnetrk8,the &&nuni thickness being stated and descriptions shall be deemed to include formwork
Thrust blocks shall be given in number

PLANKING, STRUTTING AND SHORING

=a

.$

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F"'

12 Planking a'nd strutting

precast concrete pianking and ndnletal or other shecting shall be given i~~~c,~~g.rg.~lietres.
~lalbe given in -etres
excepJ..gunI poles, iogs-and the iike which sl~allbc given i r ~
metres, the -meter
being stated. Tubgir and solid section&slrutting
sh;tIl be give11iqk:!? ; 1 1 ~ 1
descriptions shall include bolting and welding

>.

<
Bolts and clamps shall be given in tolls or may bc includeti with the ~clcvn~rt
I ~ ~ I I I S

'

Descriptjo~isshall bedeenled to include wedgcs, nails, scrcws, etc


Planking and strutting required to be lel't in shall be given scparatcly
13 Shoring units

Shoring units shall be given in number and descriptions sl~allinclude sole pleces, wall
cubic metre content per unit if in timber and the tonnage pcr unit if in steel shall be statccl

litLe Le^. c ~ c .T hc

Q"

The re-use of shoring units shall bc given in number


Cross bracing between shoring units shall be given in cubic n~etrcsil' in timber and

i l l ~ V I I Sil'in

LATERAL SUPPORT PILING


14 Lateral support piling

1%-

(T

Lateral support piling shall be give11in accordance with thc prioc~oleslaid dowl i n "1'1li11g'

src;~,l

GENERAL

Site conditions

Thenatureof thesite with regard tocontours, water tables, high and low waterlevels, strata through which
piles will have to pass, etc shall be describcd
2

Nature of the work


. .
The nature of the work and any limitatioris on the methods to be used such as piles sunk fro111
. basemcnr
.

Trial piles, raking piles and piles in contact with one anorher shall be given sepal.alely
3

Establishment

An item shall be given for establishment of plant clc on the site. A separale item shall he given for
subsequent establishments of plant etc for tesliug
4

Setting up

Setting up plant at each pile position shall he given 111 t~utnbclcxccpt f'ol. shcet pilillg wllcre I ( \I~allhc
deemed to be included in the descriptions

I
I
Jr

Excavations
-.

-~&%avations
water

and drilling shall hc dee~iieclILI i11c1udc.1


isk o f c ~ l l i ! l ~allcl
~ f I\eep~!lg!'!.c

Reinforcement

Reinforcenlent shall be given in accordance \vit11 tlrc principles laid clnwl~ill "C'o~lc~elc.
I;or I I I W O I k ;111d
Reinforcenlent"

"

Exposing piles for inspection


Exposing pilcs for inspection shall be givcn

ill

ou~llhcl.allif tfcscsiptions .YII;III, i , ~ ~


, c l exc~;l\~aliort
~ ~ d c,, ; I I I ~
. ,

Cutting off etc


Cutting uff piles shall be given in number. Cutting off' sleet piling shall bc givc~li l l ~llclrch

i?.

i,

Stripping back heads of concrete piles to expose seirtforcemcnt shall hc give11i l l 11~111lbcr
9

Testing
Testing of pilcs shall be given in nunher

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CONCRETE. FORMWORK A N D REINFORCEMENT

REINFORCEMENT
20' General
i

Reinforcement shall be measured to the designed lengths and given in tons. The calculation of masses
shall be based on the values shown in the relevant SABS ~nasstables, no allowance being made for rolling
margin
Descriptions shall be dee~nedt! include bending, hooked en& and binding wire, cover blocks and spacers
in accordance'with the relevant SABS codes of practice and maintaining in position during concreting
Stools manufactured from round bar shall be incIuded in the mass of the reinforcement. Welded higll
chairs shall be given separately

2 1 Classification
e

Reinforcement shall be classified aecording to quality. Indented or other defonncd rei~~foice~nent


shilll
be given separately. Reinforcement required to be galvanised or otherwise treated shall be so described
No separation of reinforcement shall be made for different concrete components
Curved and helical reinforcement and reinforcement in slides shall be given separately
22 - B a r reinforcement
Bar reinforcement shall be given separately for eacli dia~netcr
'

Bars in lengths exceeding 13 m and not exceeding 1S m shall he gl\eri sel)ar;~celland ~lie~eafter
In slay.
of 1 111
Mechanical splices and couplers shall be given In nu~nberand d c w r i p l ~ u\hall
~ ~ ~he dcelned to rn~lutle
preparation of bars
23 . Special reinforcement

Rails, angles and other rolled steel sections used as re~nfolc.enlerlt\hall hc pven In ,iccordnnce M 1111tl~c
principles laid down in "Structural Steelwork"
Twisted plate reinforcement shall be given in nietres

24 Fabric reinforcement
Fabric reinforcement shall be given rn square nlet~es.Dcscriprions slrall hc dcc~licdt(1 lncludc I ~ C I I L ~ I I I ~
'

No deductions sliall be made for openings. wants, etc not cxcccdi~lg 1

111'

25 Pre-tensioned o r post-tensioned reinforcement


6

The nature of the work and the general positiu~~


ar~d~lccessibilityol's~~.cssing
;ii~cllo!islrall Iw Jcsct ILII.L~

The work shall be given under headings stating the working load
Pre-tensioned and post-tensioned tendon reinforcement shall be given i n lnelres mcasul.c~lhct\\e.ll
anchorages and descriptions shall include sheathing, sleeves, threaded inlets and bleed pii1es. ssul~postingcllai1.s.
etc and grouting or lubricating

PRECAST CONCRETE

GENERAL,

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~esi:r$ti~$s,
of rn&&-y work shall be deem+,to include wedging, pinning, building solid against fra~~ics
et% ~edding:bffodf.cove+gs, wall plates;:bas~pla~esi.etc,
ventilatih flues through walls for air bricks etc allcl
,

,building ends of rafters, joists, bars, pipes, bolts; etcinto or through masonry work

Circular work

Circular work shall be given separately,god&.i-nct&n being made for different radiiunlcss othcrwixc
5ated.
,

'

BRICKWORK
Mass brickwork and piers

~ and piers shall kbe gvien-.


stating
-- the shape

jce&ir

~ . , d e d u c t i o nshall
g be made for voids&eaceeding
5
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s h a ~ e w h a lbc
l g1i~c11
scpix&cl)

0.1 1ii3

Walls and.linings

Walls and linings shall be given in square metres. Battered walls, i e walls of unifonn thicknt.s$built 10
batter, shall be given separately stating the rate of batter and descriptions shall be deemed to include ternporar 1
supports

:'

The skins of hollow walls shall not be measured separately but the overall thickncsc iuld llic th~cknec\of
the individual skins shall be stated
Descriptions of solid walls and linings shall be deemed to include single wire type \wll hes. Wall t~cs
other than sitlgle wire type to solid walls andliningsshall bc included in thedescriptions. Descr ipliclns of hollo\q
walls shall include wall ties of the type specified

h - W o n s shall be made for

and recesses not exce&ngJb,.t

.-

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.:

~aqrunrrU! ua~!8aq [loqs 31a 'sal1aso~'spla!is ~ & j ' s a . t o.suoydy3


~
o, paluaap aq Ileqs nla 'spua ' s a l 8 ~ 1- ~8 ~put!
~ [rr3!1~a~
1
'muozuoq l u g m d a s s a j a
3q1 JO a ~ t !3111
j puodaq 8111133ro~d
ay11 3~11put! s8u!p[nolu JOJ s a ~ o 'saano:,
3
%u!l!esra~o'spueq 's~alsel!d
'

sa'ios p m s u o ! p a [ ~ ; i L I

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pllE \E3!IJaA

'[CIlIOZUOl~Zll!l~.I~da~
S31131U U!

113~18aq [[l?qS S[[eMMO[IOy JO sa!]!hs3 $!u(S013

U!

xlOMY3UB

safl!~saPu!sol3

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suoddns 1Crelodural
aq 11eqs ' Y J O M Y ~ U3qlj0
~
S Z I O ! I ~ ! . I S S ~alp
~ U! papnpu!

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alaqm 'sa3ej Bu!l~slaaopue paJa!leH

d\J+
c\.

Face brickwork shall be eiven in sauare metres as extra over brickwork. Face brickwork to revcals nrld

-linings

Fair raking, splay, circular and stepped cutting and fair cut squint quoins and birdsmouth angles shall I)e
in me&s but may be included with the items causing the culling

Id

-gbqn

'

4 ,th6m

to concrete etc shall be given i i l s m e ~ & a

snda-o

ot .exce.edmlY.Il~ubll
.,. ',rind
be . . , . .
ammound joists. girders
measured
only
when
cutting
to
irregular
profile
is
required
and
shall
be given in number
,...
.::,!..@:;.v;,,;
9
. . ,. .:''$tat~r@;b&;1sh'a~e
and size
.
..

F@ cutting and fitting around pipes shall be given i

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: ~ : ~ o ~ n ~ $ o ~ b ~ s . a n d existing
. h ashall
n be
~ ---.given
~
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MASONRY

28 Special face bricks at angles

- Special face bricks at squint quoins, birdsmouth angles, splayed or rounded angles and the like shall be
giveninmetres as extraover face brickwork. Angles. ends, etc shall be deemed to be included in the descriptions
,

29.

F&&

brick bands

tornclude angles, ends,

.,

.,

..

tal and raking. Angles,


,

stating'theshape, width of soffit, span,


dard or special bricks. Descriptions
%

32 Fate brick niches

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l,

a.

Face brickniches shall be measured onlv when not rectangular and shall be given in number as extra over

brickqork. Descriptions shall include closing of cavities in hoiiow walls, arches, shaped backs and head<;&
aridSbdicstatewhether formed of standard or special bricks. Descriptions shall include centres and shall be
deem&l to include consequent cutting

BLOCKWORK

33 Geheral

B lock work shall be given in accordance with the foregoing principles with clauses 34 10 37 hc~l,f

,'
k Y ,

I?

?i

applicable in addition

34 '; Bern
Piers shall be given in metres and descriptions shall include corner blocks

35 Standard complementary blocks at corners, ends, etc


Standard complementary blocks such as corner, three-quarter, half and quarter blocks prescribed li~rthe
construction of corners, reveals, ends of walls, etc and for bonding shall be included in the descriptions
.

'

36 Special blocks for copings, sills, lintels, etc

blocks for copings, sills, lintels, etc shall be given in metres. Angles, ends, etc shall be dee~rlcti
ded in the descriptions

in square mews stating

1be deemed to include fair

;h cannotbe included in the descriptiorls shall be given in 1net1-es


escri~tionsshall be deemed to includc angles,

40 Walls and linings

Walls and linings shall be given in square metres

No deducti~uuhallbe made for o p e n i ~ sand


- recesses not ~ ~ ~ N l i ~ lm'g n , 5
41 Beamfilling
Beamfilling shall be given in square metres

42 Facing and pointing


Facing and pointing shall be included in the descriptions of the relevant rubble work \rlie~ip~acticable.
Facing and pointing which cannot be included in the descriptions of the rubble work shall be give11hcparately
in square metres, no distinction being made for different elements
.l

;l.

43 Copings, sills, etc


Copings, sills, lintels, arches and the like which differ from the general work shall be given in nlelres or,
,
and descriptions shall be deemed to include angles, fair ends, elc
where.. expedien<i$':number
. ..

No.,.deductions
..
shall
be made for opcnings and recesses not exceeding 0,5 m2
.
i i

.,

i ',> :',

52 ' ~ a r & s ,skirtings, cornices, etc

Margins, skirtings, cornices, copings, sills, kerbs, steps, etc shall bc given in metres. Special stones i r k
angles,retumed ends, apexes, etc shall be given in number or may be given in nurnber as extra ovcr
.

c shall be given in number

l ll

srl8no~i01 spua pas013 pue sd!.rp B u ! i u ~ oapnpu!


~
01 pauraap aq
01 pamaap

~00.1
,",an, p~q3no.11~0
suo!)d!13~3~[
'saq3lou put?8u!xg1ojsaloqapnl3u!

16 Insulation

FLAT SHEET METAL

(a) Roof coverings with pitches not exceeding 50 degrees


('b) Roof coverings with pitches exceeding 50 degrees stating the pitch
(c) Side claddings

(d) Roof coverings and side claddings to do~mers,turrets, etc


Circular, spherical and conical work sllall be given separately statiog the radius

.&a; JO adh a41 pm sdq a41 jo lda'p a y 3ugai s=o@dF;aiam'tq papnpu!


sa
aq p y s Bu![!eu p m Bu!umq '%u!ze~q'%uuaplos' ~ U ~ I ~ 'slop
A U paiap~os'q3a'sdp 'qjafi;smas 'sdq

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C A ~ & N ~ RAND
Y . JOINERY
.S.,

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General

requiredpretreatment such as kiln drying


ctive surfaceieatment such as creosote
.
.,,

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,
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ie;:;~&b&$&=ibd
,<C&, .,,
,as
rs,shall.deWlttded & h e
,.,

.,,

wgerkln;iessary, siiti.g w ~ c tfaces


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:;. .;,Rtiliing:and'circular
cutting,:rounded
angles, rebates, grooves, chamfers, moulded edges, etc shall be
.7,4::..
,;.:,;-v.
i.'.4,<
.. ',. . . . ,,. , . :'b.
.'gi?enmmetres;hbours
shallfiowe~erbeincluded
in thedescriptionsof timber which is given linear. Rounded
..' . . , . ., . ..;;:. ,
corneii~scfibkd
. .
'ends;bhap&d
en@;"ktc
shall
be
given
in number +.
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,.

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Descriptions shall be deemed to include mitres, intersections, splay cut ends, stops, etc

The method of fixing timberwork shall be stated and descriptions shall be deemed to include nails, screws,
plugs;adhesives; holes, sinking, etc. Holes and tapping of metalwork for the fixing of timber may be included
in the descriptions of the relevant timbenvork or included with the relevant metalwork. Descriptions shall
include pelleting

Structural timbers

Structural timbers shall be given in metres measured to net lellgtl~sas fixed a~lddescriptivua shall bc
deemed to m d e joints in the length
Structural timbers required to be in single lengths, other than laminated timbers, shall be given in the.
following categories:
not exceeding; 2.4 m;

-#,
ile.
-S

2.4 m and not exceeding 3,9 m;

excee-3.9

m and not erceedillg 6.6 in;

Lengths exceeding 6.6 m

Members of roof trusses may be grouped together but plates, bearers, bracing, joists, purlins, battens,
fillets, trimmers and the like shall be given separately. Holes, splay cut ends and mitres shall be deemed to be
included in the descriptioris. Wrought ends and wrought and shaped ends of sawn timbers shall be given in
number. Timber connectors such as split rings and toothed rings shall be given in number
Shaped laminated timbers such as portal frames, arches, etc shall be given in number

?~~~~:~:?-~~:~,n;!~~~,~
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4

CARPEPSIRY AND JOINERY

. '

Plate nailed timber roof truss construction


er. Pur'lins, bracing, etc shall be given in accordance

ction may be given as an iten~in which case

ointing, wrought and shaped ends.


.,l"?:

boar&ng and
like shall be
in
t exc&ding 0,5 m'. Notches and holes

shalibe deemed to include nlitres and

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I

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I

descriptions shall include 1ri111111el.s.

!
7

Doors,windows, sashes, etc


!

iven in number and descriptions shall


riptions of cased frames wiih sashes

Frames, rails, skirtings, etc

!~

Frames, mullions, transolns, linings, standards, rails, fascias, skirrings, I>eilds.l~ic[r~rc


I.;I~
Is, crc hall bc
given in metres and descriptions shall bc deemed to include mitres ancl interscclions. Fra~ncdwol-k sllall hc
given separately
Alternatively frames for doors and windows Inay be given in ~lunlber
9

Shelves, fittings, etc

.-

Shelves, divisions, sides, tops and the like shall be give11in square Illetres. 'l'hemoserring plasiic lanlillarc
boards with formed edges shall be given in number. 'Solid timber excceding 300 inn1 wide shall bc givt-II
separately. No deductions shall be made for openings, wants, etc ilot exceeding 0,l m?, llousing, ~lotchcsand
holes shall be deemed to be included in (he descriptions
Descriptions shall include edges but edge strips and veneered or ttlermosetting plastic eclgcs applied al'te~.
manufacture shall be given in lrletres and descriptions shall be deemed to include nlitrcs and i~~tersectiolls
Fittings shall be measured in detail under headings and given in accordance wit11 the ful-cgoi~lgp1 i~~ciples
and, when.of similar design, shall be suitably grouped stating the gencral rcquiremc~ltsalld tlic I I ~ I I I ~ C I - .
Drawers, cash bowls and the like shall be given in number

I
C

Alternatively fittings may be given in number


Notice boards, keyboards, blackboards, duckboards, etc shall be given ill nulribel 01 shall be i ~ ~ c ~ ~ s u ~ c d
in detail and given in accordance with the foregoing principles

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CARPENTRY AND JOINERY

Stairs of s i m i l ~ ~ , ~ ~shall
s i gbe
n suitably grouped under headings stating the general requirements
Flooring to landings shall be given in square metres

Treads andrisersshall be giveninmetres and descriptions shallinclude blockingpieces. Brackets, housed


ends, return& ends, rouhded ends, quadrant ends, c W I ends, etc shall be given in number. Winders shall be
given in nwdben

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11 ' Panelhg
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panellipg shall @,given in square metres and descriptions shall state whetl;er panels are to be matched.
linings, fabric backings, etc may be included in the descriptions of the panelling or
Acoustic aqd~ermin-p@of
given separ8ply in sq@e metres
,,

F-d
panelling shall be suitably grouped for panels of different widths and descriptions shall state lhe
height andthe number of panels to the height and shall include fixing beads etc. Spandrel panelling shall be
given separitely
~ o ' d e d u c i o nshall
s
be made for openings, wants, etc not exceeding 0. l m'. Notches and holes shall be
No allowance shall bemade in the ~neasuren~e~it
ofboarded p:u~ellilip
deemed to beincludedin thede~cri~tions.
for laps and tongues and net widths of boards shall be stated
8

Grounds may be included in the descriptions of the panelling or framed panelling or giver] sel~aralcll.in
metres in which case descriptions shall be deemed to include mitres and intersections
C

Skirtings, plinths, tappings, bolection moulds, beads, edge strips ancl surrourlds sli;~llhe given in ll,ctrc\
and descriptions shall be deemed to include mitres and intersections. Posts, pilasters, pedinients, canopies, etc
shall be given in-number
12 Plastic, fibre-cement, eic
Plastic, fibre-cement and other processed materials shall be given in accordauce with the foregoing
principles

CEILINGS, PARTITIONS AND ACCESS FLOORING

up aad suspended ceilings,


ads
be
separately,

e for narrow widths


.C'

&6itie$$ptiidhs

bf tiailed uPcy:ilings. When brandering is not to a regular


h.

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descriptions of the ceilings.

, in which case brandering or


the &,ipporting structure from
gs s~spendednot-excegdirg
i"iuccessiv+.stanes o,l m
I

~itcularcutting shall be given in metres. Notches and holes shall be deemed to be iilcludecl in the
descriptions
Openings for light fittings, mechanical diffusers, etc shall be given in
number as extra....,-.-,.
ovcr.--.ceilings and
P--.-descriptions shall be deemed to include additional trimmers, hangers, etc
S
-

Cover strips, jointing strips, etc shall be included in the descriptiolls


I

Cornices shall be given in metres and descriptions sl~allbe dee~hedto includc initres anti intcrscctions

Tgpdoors shall be given in number as e>& over ceilings and clrscriptions d ~ a l be


l ilcened lo incltldc
trimmers
Fire barriers above ceilings shall be given in appropriate i t c m iu accordarrce with the I'o~.cgoi~lg
pr i~lc.jplcs
Insulation materials such as fibreglass and slagwool sllall be gi\:c~iIn square metres s t a t i ~ ~whether
g
in
panels such as between roof timbers etc

Partitions

Partitions shall be given in metres. Ends, iiitersections, openings. doors ;aid ira~i~es.
special p;isels. ctc
shall be given in number as extra over partitions

Alternatively, when linear measurement is not practicable, separate items shall bc given [or tllc dil'lereot
components, in which case boards, glazing, etc shall be given in square metres, standards, rails, ~ ~ l u l l i o ~ ~ s .
transoms, skirtings, cornices, cappings, beads, etc in metres and panels, doors, Prloliglits, bo~ro\vcdlights and
frames in number. Descriptions shall be deemed to include mitres, intersections, deals. scretvs. bolts, plates.
etc
g shall be given in metres. Notches and holes shall be d

ns shall include ironmongery and finishes. Alternatively ironmorigery and finishcs


items in accordance with the principles laid down in the relevant trades

I I I ; I ~bc'

~aqurnr!U! uah!8 aq Ileys sIap!A!p pue slaued J O O q8no~qi


~
s)a.[lnop m saloH
sJaqmam uoddns Jaqo pue sp~sapadpuoyl!ppe apnpu!
pauraap aq [[eqs sio!o[~uau~s~oru
p u ~ s u o ~ l ~ u suo!ldpsaa
n~Jo
.sasauI U! ua~!%aq p y s s ~ u ! o [ ~ u a u x a ~ o ~
i ~ s i e ~ e doa as ~ ! 8%u!aq srro!i3unf J E I ~ ~ 'sanaw
J ! ~
U! uaq%aq lpqs 31a 'stnun103 ' S I ~ M
I S U ~ % suoyl3unl
B

01

i;,[I!~oolls s a m laho eqxa se Jaqurnu U! L I ~ A aq


! ~

313

[[uqs31aLs-[auedpauaq12uans 'slamd a[Iu%uogeI!iuaA

sanaur U! ua~!%aq lleqs 8 u u o o ssa33e


~
MoIaq s l a p q
ptin uap!A!a .3ja 's811ua~o3'u~alsXspoddns &s[auedapnpu! [pqs s u o y d u x a a ;m S-06'slueM 's8u!oado .raj apeur aq I @ ~ s S r T - d ! i ~ ~-smpuranmbsupa;rr%
5~0~
2 m s a 3 a v
% u ! ~ os os ~a y~

rll!m papnpu!

IOU j! saqaru amnbs U!

Jk

31a s~aued
uah!% aq 11cqs loom8els p m ssel8a~qyn?qans s@ualeu 8u!le~nsu~

FLOOR COVERINGS, WALL LININGS, ETC


1

General

, Wood block, wood mosaic, thermoplastic, vinyl, linoleum, rubber, cork, carpeting and other sirnila~
coverings and linings shall be given in square metres unless otherwise stated. No deductions shall be made f o ~
openings, wants, etc not exceeding 0,5 mZ.Descriptions shall i ~ ~ c l u dwelding
e
of plastic or rubber and shall
include underfelt for carpeting

Linings to reveals etc shall be included in the general areas


2

Preparatory work
Preparatory work, priming coats and adhesives shall be inc1ude:l i n the dcscl-iptio~ia

Polish, sealers, etc


Polish, sealers, etc shall be given in square metres or included in the desci-ipiionb

Circular work
Work to circular surfaces shall be given separately

Dished flooring
Dished flooring shall be given separately

Circular cutting
~ i r d u l a cutting
r
shall be given in metres. it' ~iotincluded clscwl~c~.c%

Margins, borders and turn-ups

b,

- -- -. .-...
Margins, -.borders-and
-- . t u-..-r.n 9 s not ..exceedin@g
dkscriptioi~sshall be deemed to include mitres etc
I

inn1

wide

or. htgli. hlia!

tyc gi\ c11 in iiic;~


c ,.

;!il::

Insets
d l : LIC
Insets shall be given in metres or in nurnber ;ind descriplions sliall hc tlcer~lcciro ~ l ~ c ~ l r ~111111~.

Edge and cover strips


sliall 1 ~ tlccr~
l ~ t lo
i ~ I I L . I I I ~ V 11li
Edge and cover strips shall be giveti in rncires ant1 tlcscrip~io~~s

II.C,L

(.it

10 Skirtings
511:1iJ
Skirtings of vinyl etc shall be given in ~netres,stepped work beii~ggivc11~cl~;ll-atcl!,.Llc~;c~-ill~ici~i~.
be deemed to include mitres etc

FLOOR COVERINGS, WALL LININGS. E'TC

11 Stairs

Covering to treads and risers shall be given in square metres separating winding stairs
Combined tread and riser coverings shall be given in metres and descriptions sl~allbe deemed to include
mitres etc

Nosings shall be given in metres and descriptions shall be deemed to include mitres etc

41

IRONMONGERY
I

Classification

Ironmongery of differing design, material, quality, surface finish and method of fixing shall be give11
separately, .

Ironmongw to kfuedjo bbpr,metalwork, brickwork, etc shall be given separately. Descriptions of


ironmongery shaJt,~,'deemtd
to incl?? s d w s , plugs, etc and the preparationof timber, metalwork, brickwork,
etc. Prepyation,Q @tal d&MSknd frtimestdreceive ironmongery shall be included with the doors and frames
or givetp'~sep&ra
pnsthbh in 'Wethlwork*

&
.. .

unit of m k e m e n t
J

Continuous hinges, tracks, channels, rods, rails, bars, etc shall be given in metres. Hinges, locks, handles,
catches, hooks, etc. sets of floor spring hinges, sets of sliding gear for doors, cording sets, etc shall be given in
number
4

Locks

Descriptions of locks shall include keys. "En suite" locks shall be given separately. Masler keys shnll
be given in number

*
5

Metal shelving

Metal shelving shall be measured in detail or, where expedient, given in number as a unit irlcluding all
components. When measured in detail metal shelving, wall bands, standards and rails shall be given in lnelres
or in number and shelf brackets, foot pieces and the like in number
6

Proprietary kitchen cupboards, lockers, writing boards, seats, etc

Proprietary fittings such as kitchen cupboards,lockers, writing boards, seats, etc whether of net al. timber
or other materials, shall be given in number

P1

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Classification

1;1
$

Steelwork shall be classified according to quality and composition. Structures of similar design shall be
suitably grouped under headings stating the general requirements

Circular~orkshall givenseparately stating the mean radius and, where necessary, stating which faces
are circular' .
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',I

~or~r&juifedto be prepared or painted before delivery to the site shall be so described. Work required
to be~galvdsed;rnetalsprayed, epoxy coated or otherwise treated or finished shall be so described. Work
s~ecifical1~'muired
to be treated or finished before or after manufacture or assembly or after dehverv to the
site shall be so described
L

,.

..

,/

Unit of measurement
Steelwork shall be given in tons unless otherwise stated

Steelwork shall be measured to the designed sizes of componellts and the calculation of masses shall be
in accordance with "Structural Steel Tables" issued by the South African Institute of Steel Cunstruction. No
allowance shall be made in the mass for rolling margin, rivets, black bolts, nuts, washers. distance piece5.
packings, additional material in welding, decorative or protective treatment nor for constructional aids
Welding, holes, black bolts, nuts, washers, rivets, bolting and riveting integ1.d wit11stl-ucturalsteclwor-k
shall be included in the descriptions of the relevant work
Hightensileboltsand high strength friction grip bolts ~ncluding11uisaid washers shall be plvcn scpaiatclj
3

Rolled sections in single lengths exceeding 13 m and not exceeding 18 m shall be gi\ c11separately and
thereafter in stages of 1 m

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columns, beams and other members shall be given separately classified according tocl.oss-sectionalsize.
Compoundandlatticedcolumns, beams andother nielnbers shall be so described stating the cro!;s-sectional size
of the main components. Caps, bases and connections shall be included in ihe descriptions of the releva~~t
members, no distinction being made for size or shape ancl their mass shall bc added to tl~rIrtass thereof

..;::.l
i;.;;j
,.,
.

General

Circular cutting shall be given in metres. Scribedends shall bedeemed to be included in [tie clcscriptiolls

Bends and machined ends shall be given in nur~tbe~


Roof trusses shall be given in one item for each truss or each group of sirnilas trusses st;rting for each itt~n
the number of trusses, shape, overall size. constructio~~
and type of co~nponents(Ililts. anglcc. tccs. t~lbcs.ctc!
The cross-sectional size of components of a truss need not be stated
U

Purlins, girts, wind bracing, sag rods, eic shall be given separately stating the type of co~l~ponalts
(Ilars.
angles, tees, tubes, etc). Connections shall be illcludcd in the descriptions of the selcva~it~ncinbcrs: u ~ dthcir.
mass.shal1be added to the mass thereof. The cross-sectio~lalsize of com~onentsnccd iiot bc talccl
Roof gutters, rainwater pipes, etc integral with structural steelwork shall be givcn ill sl~~tablc
il~cln\i\
c
items and descriptions shall be deemed to include angles, stopped en~ls,outlets, offsers, shot.<. ctc

'

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STRUCCURAL STEELWORK

Stairs, balustrading, handrails, cat ladders, flooring, etc integral with structural steelwork s h d be given
in suitable inclusive items stating for each item the construction, type of components (flats, angles, tees, tubes,
etc) and the number where relevant. The cross-sectional size of components need not be stated
Ragbolts, expanding bolts, anchor bolts, machined bolts, elc shall be given in number alid descriptions
shall include nuts and washers
Patent handrails, patent clips and other items integral with structural steelwork not marketed in tolls shall
be given in metres or in number

Wscribed,tests shall be given as an item for each type of lest

METALWORK
GENERAL
1'

Classification
Metalwork shall be classified accordi~lgto type, quality and composition of the metal

"

Jointing and cutting

Welding, brazing, soldering, holes, bolting, rivets and riveting shall be included in the descriptions of the
relevant work
Circular cutting shall be given in metres

Unit of measurement

3.1 Rolled or drawn solid sections shall b i given in kilograms. Steelwork shall be n~easuredto tlic
designed sizes of components and the calculation of masses shall be in accordance with "Structural Stccl

3.2 Tubular work generally shall be given in metres. Tubular colulnns shall be given in nurnber ant1
descriptions shall include cap and base plates. Screwed and svcketed pipii~gshall bc given in accordance with
the principles laid down in "Plumbing and Drainage"

3.3 Sheeting, wire mesh, screening. expanded metal, gratings and the like shall be given in squarc nlctrcs.
No deductions shall be made for openings, wants, etc not exceeding 0,s mZ.Descriptions shall hc rleenlctl to
include holes and notches
3.4 Bolts shall be given in kilogran~sincluding the inass vS~iutsi~ndwashers. Ragbvlts. cxpandiny bol15.
anchor bolts, etc shall be given in nuniber and descriptions shall il~cludenuts ar~dwaslicrs
4

Stairs, balustrading, cat ladders, grilles, gates, framework, elc


Stairs, balustrading, cat ladders, grilles, gates, framework, etc si~allbe given ill inclusive itcnls i ~ i
lograms or in metres or in number stating for each item the construction and the type and C I ~ O S S - S C Cs~i x~ ( ~ [ I ; I ~

45

METALWORK

Alternatively, when inclusive items are not practicable, work of similar design shall be suitabIy grouped
under headings stating the general requirements. Separate items shaIl be given for the different components
stating cross-sectio~alsizes. Fanged, rounded, scribed, closed and scrolled ends, intersections, bends, wreaths,
etc shall be given in number as extra over rails etc but running joints shall be deemed to be included in the

Brackets, anchors, etc shall be given in kilograms stating the number, or in number stating he mass whcrc

....

,,-.

..........

Floors etc fotibed,of oe8n grilleuirork or gratings shall be given in square metres; if in banded panels the
sizes of the panels shall be stated. Stair treads shall be given in number
.,

Skirtings etc

Skirtings, picture rails, copings, etc shall be given in metres. Corner pieces, e ~ caps,
~ d switch sockets. etc
shall be given in number but running joints and mitres shall be deemed to be included in the descriptions

Doorframes

separately in number
i

10 Doors

Pressed steel doors shall be given in number and descriptions shall include francs and iron~nonpery

1 1 Windows etc
d

Windows, doors, etc of rolled sections shall be given in number. Ironmongery and attached burglar bars
shall be included in thedescriptions. Elementsof coupled windows and doors may be given separatcl y, i n whicll
casecoupling mullions and transoms shall be given either in metres or ill number. Sub-frames, sills, surruunds.
sliding gear, etc may be given separately in metres or in number and descriptious shall be tlee~uedto inclucle
mitres etc

at

Steel and other panels, fixed steel louvres and fixed lou\r~c\hoe\ may be ~ncludetlIII tile de\cl 1pt1n11s
01
givcn separately in'number

F.
f

12 Fly screens and burglar screerls


#

Fly screens and burglar screens shall be given in 11umbc1


2

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.;>,:$,.

.y,

;$;

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'

13 Adjustable' louvres
Adjustable louvre insert units shall be given in nu~~lber
anti descriptions sl~nllir~cludeglnsS Ivi~v~cs

46

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- .+

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METALWORK

14 Miscellaneous
Strongroom doors, roller shutters, collapsible gates, roof lights, pavement lights, fireplace units, stoves,
etc shall be given in number

OTHER METALS

dance
etc shall be given in accor~

:tres or in number

!'

16 Alumh$um windows, doors, etc

A l u r. n>..,G
i w. , windows, doors, etc shall be given in accordance with the principles laid down f o ~steel
windows, doo!s, et; b<tdescriptioi;$ shall ihclude glass and other panels and sealing ol windows, do01:S. etc
:P

CURTAIN WALLS, SHOPFRONTS, ETC


17 Curtaln walls,shopfronts, etc
Curtain walls, shopfronts, etc shall be suitably grouped under headings stating the general requirementq
Separate items s h d be given for the different components

*
C

. Structural components such as heads, sills, transoms and mullions and cladding to such structural
components and to columns, beams, etc shall be given in metres and descriptions shall be deerned to include
mitres, intersections, cleats, screws, bolts, plates, etc. Waterproofing and sealing components, insulation
between different metals and electrical bonding shall be included in the descriptions
Windows, doors, fanlights. grilles, panels, glazing, etc shall be give11in number and descriptions hall
include ironmongery and finishes
Alternatively timberwork, ironmongery, glazing, painting and other integral \vu~kmn) be give11 111
appropriate items in accordance with Ule principles laid down in the relevant trades
Insulating materials such as fibreglass and slagwool shall be given in square metres ~fnot included wllh
panels etc

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2'

PLASTERING

.!,c.

? n

;$
-9

Classification

J,d
k

work.

Plastering and other "in situ" finishes shall be classified according to con~position,texture and preparato~)
Fiqshes shall be given separately to elements such as floors and landings, treads and risers of stairs.

..
,

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L,

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.,

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,,

,,,ribbed;.$u~d
coffered work, work to falls or to falls and currents,
ment and work in sunkor raised panels not exceeding 2 m2
--.
shall
.,

,.

2 .-,vCifcuJapwor,k.-,+..
. .
. . _...>.
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Circular q d fl,~wingwork shall be given separately, no distinction being lliade for different ladi~.
ciicular and spheir'cal work

,>

,.

Scope and unit of measurement

Finishes shall be given in square metres and shall be measured over the net area to be covered. Fi.llshes
n ~ 1 d i n n 3 0 0 m t n w i d eexcept
to treads and risers of stairs, coluths, beams, troughed, ribbed ar~dcoffered
work and that in the flush face caused by projections and openings - shall be described as narroar widths and
shall be given separately in square metres, no distinction being made for different elenlents

l
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DNP

deductions shall be made for openings, wants, etc not

<. :'r$q,,.
3

1.:.

*L.

Descriptions shall be deemed to include curing

*
4

Labours on finishes

Labours such as fair, rounded and chamfered edges, trowel cuts. throats. V-,joints. allglcs. cliail~~els
alltl
dressing into channels and outlets shall be deemed to be included in the ctescriplio~~s
Reedings to treads shall be included in the descriptions
\

Juhctions with old finishes including making good disturbed work !,llnll bc declned to t ~ eillcludcd i n LII:
descriptions

Skirtings
:uld rnitlc<
Skirtings shall be given in metres and descl.iptions sllall he dec~llctll o u~cludcc~ltl<

Finishes to kerbs, sills, etc

Finishes to kerbs, sills, copings, nibs, sur~~oul~ds


ant1tllc likc sI1aII bc ?:ivc~li l l 1llct1.c.sallcl c i t ~ ~ptioi~s
c ~ sll;ll I
be deemed to include ends and mitres
Stoolings shall be given

ill

nu~~~bcr

'

Mouldings

Mouldings shall be given in metres stating the girth, width and projection. Ends, mitres and intcrsecLions
shall be given separately in number only when the girth of the rr~ouldir~g
excecds 300 n l l n
'4'

!$
&.:l!'

Enrichments shall be given in number


Ornaments etc

Ornaments, air gratings and the like shall be given in number

9 . .Ri.al@
.
, j;,s@ps,;
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.
.
beads, et c
,

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~&bng&trips,yetalbeads,etc shall begiven inmetres and descriptions shall be deemed lo include ellds.
C

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10 Metal lathing
Metallathing and thelike to receive "in situ" finishes shall be give11in square lrietres ar~ddescriptions shal I
betdeemed to include laps and holes

,.

TILING
1

Clksification
Tiling shall be classified according to type, size, preparatory work, rnelhod of fixing, ctc

,Tilingsh@.+
given
sepqately to elements such as floors and landings, walls inclusive of flush colunlns
* -. '.
*
and beams, columns, ceilingsand beams
I.

described. Tiling to falls or to falls ancIcu!-.rents and t~w


in isolated

P
2

Circular,work

Circular work shall be given separately, distinction, being made between tili~lgexceeding and 11ot
exceeding
300 mm radius and also between circular and spherical work
lr
3

Beds and backings

Beds and backings shall be included in thedescriptions. Alternatively when tiling is prescribed to Oc fixed
with adhesive the beds and backings may bc given separately in "Plasterillg". Beds and backings incor~uratir~p
heating or similar equipment shall be so described
4

Scope and'unit of measuremcr~t

(Tiling shall be given in square metres and shall be mcasured over the net ;uea tu be covcred. '[iling~!!.
mceedineO0 mm w i d ~ e x c e p to
t cululnns, beanis and that in ti~cflush fact: aluseci by projcctio~lsvlld
openings - $all be described as narrow widths-and shall be given sep:~r;itelpi n squiire 111ctrcs.no ~listillctioll
being made for different eletnents
No-deductioils

I'

shall be made for openi~~gs,yaqls.~elc


not-ex_cctdll~gUJU!.

Labours on tiling
i

Circular cutting shall be given in metres


Fair edges and cutting and fitting around pipes. halus~crsand tllc like. shall hcl dccll~cd10he i~~cluiicil
ill
C
the descrip~ions

$.

Mitred corners and special edge and corrier tiles


Mitred corners shall be given in tnetres

Special edge and corner tiles shall bc given i n mctres as eair;r oi.c.~
~iling.110 tIiatinc.~iunl1ci119111ac1c101different elements

/1 j
I

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l

11

Channels

Scum and block chan~~els


shall be give11 in metres. !;air ends, sloppcd cnd5, iulersections, ;~nglcs:IIIJ
outlets shall be given in number as extra over
t
""

7'

#; ,i

<

Soap dishes etc

Soap dishes, foot rests, toilet paper holders, access panels and the 11kcshall be given
descriptions shall be deemed to include forming recesses etc

III

nulutlc~i111lI

,i

General

"a:escripti~ns shall be deemed to include


given in number as extra over

Adaptors or similar pipe fittings atjoints between pipes of diff&ng lnatcrials and at connections of pipes
to taps, valves, traps, etc shall be given in accordance with the principles laid down for pipe fittings

be given in number oi may be included in the descriptions of the piping where expedient. Flanges on pipe
fittings shall be included in the descriptions of the fittings
No distinction shall be made between pipes fixed vertically, horizontally or to falls, llor between pipes
fixed to different elements, cast in, chased, built in, etc. Descriptions.sl~allbe deen~edto include pipe supporls
such as clips, saddles, holderbats, etc. Supports to groups of pipes shall be given separateIy in accordance wiU1
the principles laid down in the relevant trades
Pipework in ground shall be given separately and descriptions Inay il~cludepipe trenches in accol.da~lce
with method "B" in clause 5
Service pipes and flexible connecting pipes shall be giver] in nun~berand descriptions shall include

PLUMBING ANIJ I7RAINAtiE

Pipe closers which are prescribed to be measured on site and cut to exact length shall be given iri nurl~hc~.
as extra over the pipe in which they occur
Prescribed tests of welded joints shall be given irl number

Pipe trenches

Method "A"
"Earthworks". Nowevcl.,
backfilling necessary at
of water
.

. . ..

..,,! ,

TrencheS(iibIeltceeairin1m deep shall be taken of such width as to providc a clearall~eof 300 I I U ~


each sid$;f &cF* or grbup of pipes

no'

e width ofthe trench shall be increased by 100m for each successive depth of 1 rn to a rnaximuln
width which provides a clearaoce of 500 mm on each side of the pipe or group of pipes
Bedding under and filling around pipes comprising sand, crushed stone, concrete, etc shall bc given
cubic metres

ill

Method "B"
Where expedient pipe trenches may be includetl i l l the descriptions of the pipe or ~I'IJLI\)
uT pipes 2nd
separated into successive total depths in increments of 1 m, in which casc descriptions shall inclurlc excnv:~tio~~.
bedding, backfilling and compaction and disposal of surplus material and shall be dcemed to i~lcludcadditional
1.1-(:c.01.
excavation and backfilling necessary at joints, risk of collapse of excavations ant1 kecpi~lgcxr:;l\.;~tio~i<
water
Excavationsinmaterialof a moredifficultcharacter shall be suita\jly classified and givcn i n cubic mclIt'\
as extra aver. The width of the excavations shall be determined as described in meltiod "A"
6

Pipe insulation and protection

Insulating and protective wrappings, coatings aud l i ~ ~ i ~0tf1el


i y s thall those applictl
manufacture shall be given in metres stating the diameter of the pipe

11,

tl\c co~li\c.ol

Irlsulation etc around fittings. valves, etc to pipe? nut c x c c c d l r ~30 111111 ciia~nete!s&ll l j c :I\ c11~ i i ~ c ~ l ~ r
in n mber as extra over for each diameter of pipe

b-&lbn etc -.&fiA,val\~es,


e a LO piper sxcr.cdi~sJ U ~ U ~ L ~ ~ ~ ~ L C::i iI c11
I W\1:p1
I ~;IICII
in number as extra over for each dia~netel'ofpipe and for each type of' fitti~!p.\lal\~e.elc.
7

Encasing

Concreteencasing to pipes sllall be given in 1ne11-es


us a l ~ c ~ n a i i v i~l llcubic
! ~ ~nclt-CS
and c l i \ i c . ~iptiorl>I r ; l l I
be deemed to include formwork
8

Anchor blocks, thrust blocks, etc.

Concreteanchor blocks, thrust blocks, etc shall b.: gl\.cn 111 ;wcurdarice will, tilt ;rlllcll>lc.\ llllcI cltr\\ 11 111
"Concrete. Formwork and Reillforcement" or altcrl~ativclyblocks Inay hc given 111 ~ l i ~ t > In
~ l \\hlcll
~ r l c,l\c
descriptions shall include formwork and reinforcelllerlt

..,;

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.,

,.

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.*
'

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PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE

Gulleys, grease traps, etc


Gulleys, grease traps, intercepting traps, elc shall be given in number

10 Inspection chambers, catch pits, etc

Inspection chambers, catch pits, junction'boxes, valve boxes, septic tanks, collservarlcy tanks, ctc s1i:ill
be given in accordance with the principles laid down in the relevant trades. Alternatively inspectian clia~nbers.
catch pits, etc may be given in number
U

11 Soakage pits, french drains, etc


Soakage
- -pits, french drains, etc shall be given in number. Alterniirively soakage pits. french drait~s.elc'
may be given in accordance with the principles laid down in the relevant trades

,.,

12 Connections
~ o k e c t i o nof
s new toexisting pipes shall be given innumber and descriptionsshall he dee~lledtu iliclude
the necessw fittings
.C

Connections to services of the local authority shall be allowed for by provisional su~ns

,.,.., .
9,:py
. :.,
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13 Testing

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]$+(.!;

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Prescribed testing of the various systen~sshall each be given as an item

.. >, ,. .

SANITARY FITTINGS, TANKS, GEYSERS, ETC


7

,14

Sanitary fittings
Sanitary fittings shall be glven in number

II

15 Tanks, geysers, etc

Tanks, geysers, boilers, heat pumps, ~nciticrato~s,


clc shall bc given 111 nunibe!
16 Taps, valves, etc
Tans. valves. shower roses. meters. etc shall be eiven in number

17 Waste unions, traps, etc

Waste unions, traps, etc shall be glven In numbe~


l S Fire hose reels etc

Fire hose reels, booster connections, hydrants, pressure gauges, etc ~liallbe glvell Irl

I ~ U I I ~ ~ ~ I

19 Fire fighting equipment


U

Fire fighting equipment such as extlnguishers,blankets, buckets, etc shall be gi\ c11111 I

~ L I I ~ I ~ ~ I

,.:.;: .;v$, ., -$*,;pr:,~....~,


:
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. 9 9.r.
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PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE

SLEEVES AND HOLES


20 Sleeves
vneiS-

in number grouped for pipes riot excccding-~OQ_mrni a n ~ c t c and


r thereafter in
100 mm, separated in successiveelengthsof 250 mm

.21 Holes
Holes for pipes and cutting and fitting around pipes shall be deemed to be i~~cluded
in the descriptions OS
the pipework unless otherwise stated in the relevant trades

Flashings around pipes through roof coverings shall be given in "Roof Coverings Etc"

ELECTRICAL WORK
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

Classification

Workshall beclassifiedaccording to the natureoftheinstallation sucll as high tension supply, low tellw1i
supply, low tension dispibution, general lighting and power, uninterrupted power supply, external lighting, etc

connection to main supply

The connection to main supply shall be allowed for by provisional sum


3.

Main.. supply
and equipment
.
,...+
. ,. .

... ,'..,.

;,.->L.

".,d,:L1.#,

.-

. .

Generators, transformers, mini-substations, low tension distribution cubicles, switchgear, etc sl~allbe
given in number. Poles, cross arms, insulators, street lights, brackets, slays, struts, other equipment and bases
shall be given in number

Distribution boards etc

Distribution boards, switch boards, meter boards and the like shall be give11under headings ul;~ssilicJ
according to type. Theboards shall begiven in number and descriptio~rsslrall include busbars, ju~npers,neutral
bars, internal wiring and connections, space for future equipment, blqiking and the like. Equipmen[ sucll as
isolators,circuit breakers,earthleakageunits,transformersand rneasuri~~g
instru~nentsshall bc given ill nu1111~t.rAlternatively boards Inay be given in number irlcluding all equiprrlc~~t
5

Cables

Cables shall be given in metres classified accordiog to l y ~ c size


,
ancl nlethod of i~l.stall;~~ioi~
;IIILI
descriptions shall be deemed to include allowance for snaking. Cablc terminations and prescribed runnlil?
joints shall be given in number and descriptions shall be deemed 10 i~lcludeglands and allowance l'os rllaki~ly
off

l!

Protection such as slabs and metal sheeling and warning dev~ceasucli a \ PVC marker tapes slialll~c~
? I \t.11
in metres
Cable route markers shall be giver1 in number

Cable trenches
Method "A"

Cable trenches shall be given in accordance with the principles~laicldown in "Earlh\vor-ks". Ilo\\ c \ c r .
descriptions ofexcavations shall be deemed tu includc risk of colla1,se ofexca\~atio~~s
and kceping c \ c : ~ \ a ~ i c u ~ free of water
j

Where no width of excavatiorl is prescribed it shall be calculatecl as f'ollows:


Trenches not exceeding 1 m deep shall be taken of such width a$ to provide a clc;l~:~nce
(71 ;00 111111
on each side of the cable or group of cables

1,; :

i
v

;
4

-tl1:1 ~ I I I ?SI!~III
13,754

Jaqurnu U! ua~!8aq l(eqs saxoq jjo


'S.I,7A03 PUS 's3sso.1.~
' ~ 3 3 1' s . H o c )sc
~ ~tpns s3u!11!.g .swaul U! ua~!%
aq [[et[ss~vclsng

,,

~ I I C , I J ~ J .XI I I J ) I I I O ~ I C ~ I I 3111
S S ~(I!~

sl!npuo:,
P S P I I ~.I()~ ISR.IJXLI
I!
LI!ua~!8aq Ileqs U!ljal aq 01 p3~!nbaisaqm melcl

~oa!padxaalsqhi Bu!yurul 311130 suo!ld!~ssapaqi U! papnpu! aq Lem io laqu~nuU!


11~iril
3~1~ [ ~ :iitl!~!,~
I I s 31qse3 JOJ pu11ct15jost11S~1a11.1oqs
put sdiue1s a(qes's1aysc~q%u!xg 'spoi uo!suadsng
.laqmnu U! u3~!9aq lluqs sjallno pue suo!lsunr 'spua paddols 'sa[%unSF
q?ns s;'lr~!ll!~l
.1;3t11111j
JO S ~ ! J )l!np~li)n.loj
II~
saloq ~ U ~ U J O3pnlsu101
J
pauaap aq neqs suopdu3sap pue sallaw U!
11az!d aq ((cqs.,a 'slaoucrls 8u!iq%!1-;in!yunn 8u11~!yspue ioov 'sJappel pue sLel1 alqe3 '8u!yuw alqe3

lua!padxa
'
alaqM suo!~d!rssapaq, U! papnlsu! aq .ii?u~
JO iaqtunu u! d[aieiedas ua~!8aq lleqs ay1 aq1 pue s ~ a ~1ay3os
os
pue 11cq 's.la~oJaruop 'saleld JaAo3 .sa!Jlnajo Jaqrunu ~ oapear
j aq [leqs uo!lsu!ls!p ON .saqsnq puv s ~ n q s o l
apnls~~!
01 pamaapaq llcrls suo!ldyssap puse ~aqtunu
U! ua~!%
aq [leqs saxoq lallnolaqlo pm lay3os cqsl!m~

suo!lnatluos apnlnn! 01 patuaap aq llcqs suopdpssap pue Jaqwnu U! ua~!8aq [(eqs1!npuo3 alqIxa14
ay!l all) PU"
salppes 'saal 'spuaq 's%u!~dnos'saxoq M E J ~'sq%ualpoqs '8ugu!of '8u!peaq '%u!puaq a p n p q 01 pauraap aq
lleqsssoorldposaa 'sia 'U!-y!nq 'pawqa 'U! ~ s e'sluawala
s
lua~ajj!p01 p a q ippuo:, uaaMIaq ~ o 'L1muozuoq
u
io X [ [ ~ ~ ! I J ~paxg
A
1!npuo3 uaamlaq apem 8uraq uoysu!~s!p ou 'sanam
uaap aq ~ @ yqnpuo3
s

,.v,,poqaw U! paquxap se paupualap aq p q s suo!lvAB3xa atp jo Q Q ~ Mam .Jaao anxa sse


saJlau1qqnn U! ua~!%
pm pag!ssels A1qe~!nsaq lpqs ~auemq3
qn3gyp alouryjo pgatal$pU! SUO!IEAE~X,~~
., .
lalem JO
suo!lvhe3ya 8UIe,x pus':sqorleAe3xa$0 asd~po:,
l
jo ysu apnlsu! o, pamaap aq lpqs p m p u a ~ msnldlns
i
jo psods& pw uopydurup p@.auqgqb~q.iluppaq
*iio!ler\enxaapnpu! ~ p qsuo!ld!~3sap
s
ases qnyM U! 'ur 130sluaura~3u!qsyidap p101 aatssa3sns o~u!pale~vdas
p m sslqes jo dnoiZ 10alqs:, ay1 jo uoptlyssap aql u! papnlsu! aq Xem saq3ua~lalqvs iua!padxa a r a m
I

sallaur :,!qn:,

U!

uay8 aq Ileqs 313 pues Bu!s!ldruon salqe3 punom %u!~lgpm iapun %u!ppag

satqun jo dn0~8JO alqes alp j o ap!s q x a uo mm OOS jo a3uwea13e sap!~o~d


y!qm l l ) p ! ~
urnur!mur c 01 m 1 jo qldap a~!ssassnsy3eaioj mm 001 dq pasea~3u!aq ~ p qq3ua.q
s
atp jo q p ! aqL
~

k1

Fixing brackets shall be given in number or Inay be included in the descriptions of the busbars w1le1.e

13 Socket outlets and light switches

$1

Socket outlets, light switches, etc shall be given in ~iumberand descriptions shall include coves platea

14 Fittings, equipment, etc

Luminaires, bells, telephones, speakers, geysers, stoves. lieaters, clocks, thernlostats, slallcrs, motor\.

Lamps shall be included with the relevant lununaires 01. may be given in number
15 Earthing

L:

An item shall be given for earthing the system

1;:

An item shall be given for prescribed earth resistivity tests

1.

16 Lightning protection

Conductors of tape, wire and the like, except short coupling lengths, shall be give11 In nietles ancl
descriptions shall be deemed to include bending and jointing. Short coupling lengths such as betwcen ~ools
and eaves gutters and from down conductors to eanh and air and earthterminals shall be given ill llurnbe~.
Descriptions shall be deemed 10 include jointing and excavation
17 Holes
C

Holesforconduit andcutting arid fitting al.oulicl co~lduitsliall be decrncd to hc i~~cludecl


i l l [liedcscri~,riolis
of the conduit unless otherwise stated in thc relevan~traclcs
6

ELECTRONIC INSTALLATIONS
18

Communication, securily and control installatio~~s

Installations such as telecomniunication, p~~blic


itcldress, closed circuit television, data ~~.:uis~iiissic)~~.
access control, security, fire detection and building management systenrs shall be given ill accordance \\'ith 1 1 1 ~
foregoing principles
f?

GENERAL

',

'l '

Z
8 ,

19 Identification markers etc


Descriptions shall be deenied ro includc iclcn11ficat1onriiarkers, labels. lcgc~itic:~rds.e l i
20 Testing and commissioning

An item shall be given for tes~ingand comnll\slonlng rhe ~nstallat~o~l


21 Drawings, manuals, etc

L.

An item shall be given for the pro~isionc)( a \ - h u ~ l rdrawings. ~rlar~u;tls,


opcrur~~c
trairi~~l&r.
t.1~

I
1

Ii

sapu.11 lne,\alJ.r aq] U! umop p!el sa[d!~uudaql q l ! ~a3uep~os3eU! 6 l a l e ~ d a soar\!8 aq Ileqs s ~ ~ o d d n s


sd!d a~tl!l[nrrrjo sluauodruo~prlc si.loddns ad!d aperu-asohnd
'sleqlapIor1 'salppes 'sd!p se qsns suoddns
s d ~ dp.1eponis apnlnu! oi paruaap aq ~lcrlssuo!1du3saa
.U! I[!nq 'paseqs 'U! Ises 'sluaurala ]ualajj!p 01 paxg>
ml!d oas.\\lsy .lorr sllq ol .lo dlleloo~!~orl
' i ~ ~ ~ ~ : paxg
~ ! l - sad!d
l a ~ rraahilaq apem aq 11cqs uo!l3u!ls!p ON

asr1l:prosx: or >arlsrral, ad!d 3pli[~r11


,icru suo!lii! IJSJP pile Slall?~edas
L I ~ A ! %aq Ileqs pun018 U! y~omad!d

'

l,

;
j

s8u11lgaql jo suo!ldu3sap a q U!
~ papn[3u!-aq ~ p q s8rr!11!~
s
ad!d rlo sa8rrr?ld .lrra!padxa a.lsrlA\ 811!d!d all1 jo suo!ld!lssap aql U! papnpu! aq 6eur 10raqmnu U! uar\!8 aq
~[uqssjas 11oqpue iaysn3 prrt? sad!d uo s a 8 u e l ~-l~ua!padxaalaqm 8u!d!d aql jo suoydu3sap ayl U! papnpu! aq
,Ccro.rnJaqurnu U! rra,\!8 aq IIeqs siu!o[papla~'sla 's~aldnos's~eilos'slaq3os se qsns slu~o[%u!uunrpue sa~ddru
.s~~i&ra[
uoqs apnlsu! 01 pauraanaq Ileqs sad!djo suo!ldu3sap pur! pawls aq ~[nqs%u!ju!of30poqlaur aqL
sdu!li!j ad!d ~ or~mop
j
p!c~sald!3~1!~d
aql q ] ! a3uep~o33e
~
U! nalz!S aq [[eqs n a 'sdv11 ' s a ~ [ 'sdul
e~
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'sclmnd 's.rolou 'sllun 8u1rro!l!puos .l!e 'smj 'sl!un %a!lpmq r!e 'sJall!q3 se q3ns ]uawd!nba j o suralI
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tuaurdmba

Service pipes and flexible connecting pipes shall be given in number and descriptions shall iilclude
connections
Pipe fittings shall be given in number as extra over. Fittings to pipes not exceeding 60 mn diameter shall
be given together for each diameter of pipe. Fittings to pipes exceeding 60 mnl diameter shall be given
separately for each diameter of pipe and for each type of fitting such as bushes, bends, tees,.junctions, unions,
etc
Pipe closers which are prescribed to be measured on site and cut to exact length shall be give11in number
7
as extra o v .,v $ e pipeh which qey, occpr,
V

Prescribed tests of welded joints shall be given in number

Valves, meters, pressure gauges, strainers, sprinkler heads, etc shall be given in number

Pipe trenches

Method " A

Pipe trenches shall be given in accordance with the principles laid down in "Earthworks". However,
descriptions of excavations shall be deemed to include any additional excavatioh and backlilling necessary at
joints, risk of collapse of excavations and keeping excavations free of water
m e r e no width of excavation is prescribed it shall be calculated as follows:
~rencheshotexceeding Im deep shall be taken of such width as to provide a clearance of 300 Irlrn cm
each side of the pipe or group of pipes
r

The width of the trench shall be increased by 100 lnln for each successive depth of 1 ni to a ~ n n x i n ~ u ~ u
width which provides a clearance of 500 m~rlon each side of the pipe of group of pipcs

Bedding under and filling around pipes comprisirlg salid, crushed stone. concrete, etc shall be given in
cubic metres
hlothod "B"
Where expedient pipe trenches may be included in the descriptions of the pipe or group of pipes and
separated into successive total depths in increments of 1 m, in which case descriplions shall ilrclude exca\latio~~.
bedding, backfilling and compaction and disposal of surplus material and sllall he dec~riedto indudc additin~lal
excavation and backfilling necessary at joints, risk of collapse of excavatior~sand keepi~lgescavatio~lsfree c ~ t
water
Excavations in material of a Inore difficult-character shall be suitably classified aid given in cubic Inell t.\
as extra over. The width of the excavations shall be determined as described in neth hod "A"
7 ' Pipe insulation and protection

Insulating and protective wrappings, coatings and linings other


ma ufacture shall be given in metres stating the diameter of the 1)ipc

t l ~ i i r l tllosc

applied In tile coulse ol'

Insulation etc around fittings, valves, etc to pipes not exceeding 60 mln diametel. sh:i)1 be given togetherin number as extra over for each diameter of pipe
Insulation etc around fittings, valves, etc to plpes exceeding 60 mnl diameter shnll be given sepa~ately
in number as extra over for each diameter of pipe and for each type of fitting, v,1' I vc, elc

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MECHANlCALWORK

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Encasing

3
i

t
Concrete encasing to pipes shall be given in metres or alternatively in cubic metres and descriptions shall
be deemed to'include formwork

-;l

Anchoqblocks, th,'~ust
blocks, etc
accordance with tlie principles laid down in
ks may be given in number in which case

n in+aFordancewith .the principles laid down in the


n b k s , etc may be given in number
l

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measuiknent

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~ u = t i n ~ ' s h abeU given in metres measured over ducting fittiqgs and descriptions shall be deemed to
include join@gl
.

No distipctionshall be made between ducting fixed vertically, horizontally or raking nor between ducting
fixed to different elements
*
,
" 1%

Supports shall be included in the descriptions of ducting or Inay be given separately in accordance w~lli
the principles laid down in the relevant trades

7;

Ducting to a curve shall be given separately stating the mean radius

a-

Flexible ducting shall be given in metres and connections to duct~ngetc in number


Ducting fittings such as reducers,radius bends, square bends, transformations,spigots, branches, tees, elc
shall be given innumber as extra over. Vaned fittings shall be given separately. Descriptions shall be deemed
to include fonning openings and jointing to ducting
12 Diffusers, grilles, etc

,,'.

$1

Diffuseis, grilles, attenuators, dampers, filters, etc shall be given in rtulnber


rr

13 Ducting insulation and protection


Insulating and protective wrappings, coatings and linings to ducting shall be given in square metres
measured to the external or internal surface of the ducting and descriptions shall be deemed to include working
around ducting fittings. Alternatively wrappings, coatings and linings may be included in the descriptions of
the ducting

CONVEYING INSTALLATIONS
14 Lift installations
rr

Lift installations shall be suitably grouped under headings stating whether a singlc lift or a bank ol lilts