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Panther Conductor Sizing

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CALCULATIONS FOR BUSBAR & CONDUCTOR SIZING

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00403 4 Initial temperature T1 20 293 0 5 Final temperature T2 75 348 0 6 Frequency f 50 7 Factor determined by conductor construction 1 for circular. dulled surface) Increase with aging 0.INPUT LIST FOR CALCULATION OF CONTINUOUS CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY OF PANTHER CONDUCTOR.m-2.7) 2 C K 0 .5 9 Diameter of conductor D 0.No.136 Ω/km k-1 (As per IS 398(P-II) 3 Temperature coefficient of electrical resistance (As per IEC 1597 clause 4.02585 W.K-1 (As per IEC 1597 clause 3. S.021 m 10 Intensity of solar radiation Si 900 W/m2 11 Stefan .5 for average oxidized copper 0.45 T1 50 323 C K C K Hz 1.K-4 12 Emissivity coefficient in respect to black body Ke 0.35-0.67E-008 W.45 for naturally weathered (i.2-Page-23) α 0. µr 1 8 The solar radiation absorption coefficient γ 0. compacted and sectored.25 for extruded surface Increase with aging 13 Ambient Temperature 14 Cross Wind speed (minimum-90' to the Line) v 1 m/s 15 Thermal conductivity of the air film in contact with the conductor λ 0. Description 1 Conductor Type 2 The value of DC resistance RT at 200 C is Symbol Value Unit - Panther - RT 0.e. stranded.Boltzmann constant S 5.15-0.0 for Black body 0.m-1.

1 General The current carrying capacity (CCC) of a conductor is the maximum steady state current inducing a given temperature rise in the conductor .(4) Hence.00004 1. then the centre portion of the conductor will be enveloped by a greater magnetic flux than those on the outside. This is expressed by equation (1) Pj + Psol = Prad + Pconv ----------------.15207 1.02582 2.3 0. If the conductor is composed of one or more concentric circular elements.17538 3.a factor X is defined as X S =0 .00013 1.3 1.(3) (As per IEC1597 equation (9) ) RT2 =RT1 [ 1+α (T 2−T 1 )] Hence .31809 1.00000 1.36E-04 Ω/m The value of DC resistance RT at 20 0C is The DC resistance of a conductor at a temperature T2 is given by : RT2 4.2 The heat balance equation is : The steady state temperature rise of a conductor is reached whenever the heat gained by the conductor from various sources is equal to the heat losses.3 2. Pcov is the convention heat loss. and results in an increase in the effective resistance of the conductor.4 ----------------.66E-04 Ω/m 2.3 3.2 3.2 1. for given ambient conditions. 4. due to Joule effect are given by equation (2) Pj = RT I2 ----------------.0 0.4 2.(2) (As per IEC 1597 equation no (2)) Where.4 0.(1) (As per IEC 1597 equation no (1)) Where.CALCULATION FOR CONTINUOUS CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY OF PANTHER CONDUCTOR. 4.01969 1.38504 1. Xs = 8.0 2.00032 1.07816 1.00519 1.67E-01 Ω/miles = Calculation of AC resistance. 063598× √ μr × f R dc ----------------.11126 1.5 1.1 1.00758 1.41999 1.49202 3 .01470 1.1 0.00000 1.0 1. 1.00001 1.0 3.1 2.3 Joule effect Power losses Pj (W) . RT is the electrical resistance of conductor at a temperature T (Ω/m) I is the conductor (A) 1.2 0. thus causing the current density to be less at the centre than the conductor surface.01071 1.35102 1.5 1. 4.70E-01 For this value of Xs the skin effect coefficient obtained from Table X K X K X K X K 0.2 2.4 1.4 3. This extra concentration at the surface is known as skin effect.09375 1.45570 1. Consequently the self induced back-emf will be greater towards the centre of the conductor.5 1.1 3. Pj is the heat generated by joule effect Psol is the solar heat gain by the conductor surface Prad is the heat loss by radiation of the conductor.5 1. Now for the calculation of skin effect coefficient .13069 1.

Re 0.9 1.03323 1.K-4) D is the conductor diameter (m) Ke is the emissivity coefficient in respect to black body T is the temperature (K) T1 is the ambient temperature (K) T2 is the final temperature Hence .6 2.65 Re 0.28644 For X =1.00067 1.7 2.6 0.05240 1.3624522 W Convention heat loss Only forced convention heat loss. γ is the solar radiation absorption coefficient D is the diameter of the conductor Si is the intensity of solar radiation Hence Psol = 4. Prad 4.00212 1.2+0.T14) (As per IEC1597 equation (4) ) ----------------.3 K = 1.9 1.2 K = 1. s is the Stefan .(5) Where . assumed constant .25620 1.52879 1.7 3.8 2.9 1.8 3. Nu is the Nusselt number . is taken into account and is given by equation Pcov = λ Nu (T2-T1) π (As per IEC1597 equation (5) ) ----------------.Boltzmann constant ( 5. given by equation Nu = 0.70E-001 1.8 1.22753 1.01470 For X = K = 8.01271 Therefore AC resistance at T2 temperature Rt2 = K X RT2 = 4.Psol is given by equation Psol = γ D Si (As per IEC1597 equation (3) ) ----------------. λ is the thermal conductivity of the air film in contact with the conductor.04205 1.61 ----------------.7 0.6 3.6 1.45 W/m Radiated heat Loss Heat loss by radiation .(7) Where.(6) Where .m-2.64051 .00034 1.(8) 4 1. Prad (W) is given by equation Prad = s π D Ke (T24 .0.00124 1.67 X 10 -8 W.68E-04 Ω/m The Solar heat gain Solar heat gain .6 9.20056 1.06440 2.9 = 6.7 1.23.7 3. Pconv (W) .60314 1.56587 1.8 0.01071 For X =1.5 1.

2 33 MVA MVA kV 56 A Required continuous current rating of 33 KV Bus For Trafo Bay Maximum Power Output of Two Trafo Net Power Output of Two Trafo.73 4.5(T2-T1)]-1.36245223 W Pconv= 39. Re is the Reynolds number given by equation Re = 1.(As per IEC1597 equation (6) ) Where. Secondary Rated Voltage Total current = MVA RATING X 1000 RATED VOLTAGE X 1.105421 W Steady state current carrying capacity (CCC) The steady -state current capacity can be calculated by : Imax = [ (Prad+Pconv-Psol)/RT2]0.8 39.(10) Where. 5 .271111 By putting Nu value in equation no 7 Pconv = 4.(9) Where.9376 By putting Re value in equation No 8 Nu = 19. v is the wind speed in m/s D is conductor diameter (m) T is the temperature (K) T1 is the ambient temperature (K) T2 is the final temperature Hence.9 i ii iii 462.10 Conclusion As per Above calculation the required continous current for bus is 56Amps.67 A 3. Re = 1115.1054207 W Psol = Rt2 = 9.78 (As per IEC1597 equation (7) ) ----------------.664 . Prad = 6. And Single PANTHER conductor can take 462Amps current so the conductor size is sufficent to take such load.5 ----------------.68E-04 Ω/m Hence single Panther conductor can carry continuous current I = 4.2 3. 109 v D [(T1+0.45 W/m 1.

61E-04 m2 Short time withstand capability for single Panther 2. 75 0 C θc is the conductor temperature at end of short circuit.004 1/0C Temp.s. (As per Tech. Coefficient hence K is 3.113 table for aluminium conductor) 7 Κ20 3. Sthr is rated short -time withstand current density (r. Specification) 7 .C. K is factor for calculating Sthr which is given by equation √ κ 20 ×C× ρ 1+ α 20(θ c−20 0 C ) K= In 0 α 20 1+ α 20 (θ b−20 C ) Where.57E+07 A*s/m2 For Single Panther Cross-sectional Area for Single Panther 2.48E+07 1/Ωm Specific Conductivty at 20 deg.m.SHORT TIME WITHSTAND CAPABILITY 1) SHORT TIME WITHSTAND CAPABILITY FOR PANTHER CONDUCTOR Reference Document : (IEC 865 PART-I) Short time withstand capability for aluminium conductor (ACSR) can be calculated by equation S thr = K I = √T kr A (As per IEC 865 part-I clause A9 figure 13 page no. As per IEC 865 part-I clause A9 figure 13 page no. θb is the conductor temperature at beginning of short circuit.113) Where .) for 1 sec. 200 0 C Where .24E+04 A for 1 sec Short time withstand capability for Single Panther 22373 for 1 sec A Conductor Fail In Short Circuit Required Short time withstand capability 25kA for 1 sec. Tkr is Rated short time. Specific Thermal Capacity 8.48 x 10 /Ωm Κ20 = C = 910 J/kg0C ρ = 2700 kg/m3 Specific Mass α 20 = 0.

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