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1. How do you get help from police, fire fighters or ambulances, etc?

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2. Match the three classes of fires below:


Class A

Class B

Class C

Ignition

Air Fuel

3. How is a fuse different than a circuit breaker?


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4. What do you do when a fuse blows?


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5. What do you do when a circuit breaker trips?


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6. Where should you store medicines? Why?


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7. Where should you store cleaning aids? Why?


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Fire Safety, Part 2: Putting Out Fires

Types of Fire Extinguishers


Fire extinguishers are categorized according to the substances that they contain and by
class of fire. Extinguishers are rated for use against only certain kinds of fires, and will
carry an ABCD marking to indicate the classes of fire against which they may properly be
used. For example, an extinguisher rated for class B and C fires is called (and marked) a
type BC extinguisher. A fire extinguisher should never be used on a class of fire for which
it is not rated -- see notes following the table.

Classes of Fire
Type Mechanism Effective Range Discharge Duration
A B C D

water reduces temperature 30-40 ft 60 sec 1 2 1

CO2 displaces oxygen 3-8 ft 8-30 sec 1

dry chemical binds oxygen 5-20 ft 10-40 sec 3

halon binds oxygen 4-10 ft 8-24 sec

Met-L-X smothers See Note 4 NA


Extinguisher rated for this type of fire

Extinguisher not rated for this type of fire

Discharge Classes of Fire


Type Mechanism Effective Duration A B C D
Range
water Reduces 30-40 ft 60 sec Y N N N
temperature
CO2 displaces 3-8 ft 8-30 sec N Y Y N
oxygen
Dry binds oxygen 5-20 ft 10-40 sec Y Y Y N
chemical
halon binds oxygen 4-10 ft 8-24 sec N Y Y N
Met-L-X smothers see note 4 NA N N N Y
Y => extinguisher rated for this type of fire
N => extinguisher not rated for this type of fire
Notes:

1. Fire extinguishers should never be used on classes of fires for which they are not rated. In some cases
(eg. water used on a Class D fire), the extinguisher can actually make the fire worse!
2. Never use water on a class C fire -- shock hazard.
3. Some dry-chemical extinguishers are rated BC, others are rated ABC. Those rated BC contain sodium or
potassium bicarbonate; those rated ABC contain ammonium phosphate.
4. Extinguishing agents for class D fires are usually applied with a scoop or shovel.
Fire Extinguisher Operation
The information given here describes how a fire extinguisher should be used to fight a fire. However, do not
believe, because you have read this, that you know how to use a fire extinguisher! If you really want to
learn how to use a fire extinguisher properly (and you should), you should seek out a hands-on training class in
which you will have the opportunity to put out some real fires using portable extinguishers.
To remember how to use a fire extinguisher, think of putting out the fire as a test you must
PASS.

P Pull the locking pin.


A Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire.
S Squeeze the trigger all the way closed.
S Sweep the extinguisher discharge side to side over the area of the fire.
8. For each type of extinguisher, note the fire classes it can extinguish.
Extinguisher Type Extinguisher Type
Water Halon

BC
CO2 Dry Chemical

BC ABC
9. List four fire hazards (places fires could likely start) in your home.
a. ______________________________________________________________________
b. ______________________________________________________________________
c. ______________________________________________________________________
d. ______________________________________________________________________

10. Where should you store flammable liquids? Why?


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11. How do you avoid Carbon Monoxide poisoning?


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12. How do you treat Carbon Monoxide poisoning?


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13. Draw a line to match the symbol with the correct danger. Then draw a line to match the symbol with the
correct product examples.

Symbol The Danger Product Examples


This container can • water repellant
explode if it's heated or for shoes or
punctured. Flying pieces of boots in an
metal or plastic can cause aerosol container
serious injuries, especially
to the eyes. • spray paint in an
aerosol container
This product will burn skin • windshield
or eyes on contact, or washer fluid
throat and stomach if
swallowed. • furniture polish
This product, or its fumes, • Contact
will catch fire easily if it's adhesives
near heat, flames or
sparks. • gasoline
Licking, eating, drinking, or • toilet bowl
sometimes smelling, this cleaner
product will cause illness
or death. • oven cleaner

14. Below make a plan for evacuation from the church if a fire were to start. Note on your drawing
extinguishers with a circle and alarms with an X.
15. Identify the following common poisonous plans in our area. Summarize the symptoms of each. Describe
how to treat the symptoms.

Name/description Picture Symptoms Treatment


Amaryllis (Amaryllis
belladonna) is an
ornamental plant
commonly sold for its
winter flowers. Ingesting
the bulbs has poisoned
humans.

American elder
(Sambucus canadensis)
is a native shrub found
in the moist soils of
swamps and along rivers
and lakes in eastern
Canada. Children were
poisoned after using the
hollow stems for
whistles. Ingesting
uncooked berries may
cause nausea.

American holly (Ilex


opaca) is an ornamental
shrub that provides
glossy green leaves and
red berries used in
Christmas decorations.
Ingested berries have
been implicated in cases
of poisoning of children.
The symptoms included
vomiting and diarrhea.
American mistletoe
(Phoradendron
flavescens) Ingesting a
large number of the
berries or tea made from
the berries has led to
poisoning and death in
humans. Mistletoe, used
as decorations at
Christmas, should be
kept out of the reach of
children and family pets.
Canada nettle (Laportea
canadensis) is found in
moist woods and along
streams. This plant has
stinging hairs on the
leaves and stem that
readily penetrate thin-
skinned areas on
humans. The tips of the
hairs break off, allowing
the contained liquid to
penetrate the body.
Intense localized itching
results. Applying water
to the surface of the
affected area can
increase the sensation;
this problem may persist
for several weeks.
Three Canadian plants
contain a poisonous sap
that is the causative
agent of Rhus-
dermatitis, the most
widespread skin disorder
affecting Canadians.
The three poisonous
plants are poison ivy
(Rhus radicans L.),
western poison oak
(Rhus diversiloba T. &
G.), and poison sumac
(Rhus vernix L.). Poison
ivy is the most common
and widespread plant of
the three.

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