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Worksheet 1 Answers

Fig.1 Two hydrogen atoms

Fig.2 Two hydrogen atoms sharing a pair of electrons

Fig. 3 The formation of co alent !ond !etween two chlorine atoms

Cl

Cl

Cl

Cl

Two chlorine atoms

Two chlorine atoms sharing one/1/a pair(s) of electrons

Fig. # The formation of co alent !ond !etween two o"ygen atoms

Two o"ygen atoms

Two o"ygen atoms sharing two/2 pair(s) of electrons

What is a co alent !ond$ A co alent !ond is a !ond that is formed when a pair of alence electrons are shared !etween two non%metal atoms.

Worksheet 2 Answers Summary on Covalent Bond

COVALENT BOND A bond that is formed when a pair of alence


electrons are shared !etween two non-metal atoms.

Two non%metal (hydrogen) atoms

The two atoms achie e a sta!le electron config&ration (d&plet or octet) thro&gh'

The two non%metal atoms share a pair of electrons to form a co alent !ond.

2 What is a co alent !ond$ A co alent !ond is a !ond that is formed when a pair of alence electrons are shared !etween two non%metal atoms.

Worksheet 3 Answers (raw the formation of these molec&les. (i) )*3

H H
N

H
N

H H
,ne ) atom and three * atoms (ii) +,2

H
3 single co alent !onds

O C O C O

O
2 do&!le co alent !onds

,ne + atom and two , atoms (iii) )2

Two ) atoms

1 triple co alent !ond

Worksheet # Answers Fig.1 The formation of a positi e ion (cation)

Na

Na

+ e-

-odi&m atom

-odi&m ion

Fig.2 The formation of a negati e ion (anion)

Cl

e-

Cl

+hlorine atom

+hloride ion

Fig.3 The formation of sodi&m chloride

Na

Na

The opposite charges of the ions attract each other.


Cl Cl

The force !etween the two ions is called electrostatic force.

What is a ionic !ond$ .onic !ond is the strong electrostatic force of attraction that holds the oppositely charged ions together. Fig.# The formation of magnesi&m o"ide

2+
Mg O Mg O

2-

Fig./ The formation of magnesi&m chloride

__

Cl

2+
Mg

Cl

Mg

__

Cl

Cl

Worksheet / Answers Summary on Ionic Bond

!ON!C BOND
The strong electrostatic force of attraction that holds the oppositely charged ions together.

1. The formation of the positi e and negati e ions 0etal atom 0etal ion

Na

Na

Cl

Cl

)on%metal atom

)on%metal ion

2. The opposite charges of the ions attract each other. 3. The force !etween the two ions is called electrostatic force.

"

Worksheet 1 Answers 2&estion 1 #a$ !oni% %om&o'nd #b$ 2()(2 #%$ t*o #d$ o%tet+ donate , re-ease+ &ositi.e #e$ 2( #f$ o%tet+ re%ei.e , a%%e&t t*o+ ne/ati.e #/$ e-e%trostati%+ ioni% #h$

To&i%0 15 Chemi%a- Bonds 2retest 3'estion 4( No( Ans*er D

2( C

3( B

4( B

5( B

( C

"( D

)( C

5( C

41( A

44( D

42( B

43( A

44( C

45( A

2ost Test 3'estion 4( No( Ans*er D

2( B

3( D

4( A

5( A

( C

"( B

)( C

5( C

41( B

44( A

42( B

43( C

44( D

45( C

3"

Ta6e Home Tas6 Ans*ers 3'estion No( Ans*er 4 2 3 4 5 " ) 5 4 1 B 4 4 B 4 2 A 4 3 A 4 4 D 4 5 C 4 C 4 " C 4 (4 ) A 45 B

A B C C A B C C C

3'estion 4 4( .a-en%e+ meta-+ non-meta2( %o.a-ent 3( 32 4( #i$ !oni% #7$ 2()(4 #6$ one #-$ o%tet+ donate , re-ease+ &ositi.e #m$ 2()(" #n$ o%tet+ re%ei.e,a%%e&t one + ne/ati.e #o$ e-e%trostati%+ ioni%

__

Na

C-

Cl

8tr'%t're 3'estion 2
(a) 2.3.3.1 (!) 4ro&p 1 5eriod # (c) (i) 627 (ii) .onic compo&nd (d) (i)

2 K

3)

(ii) 1. *igh melting point/ !oiling point 2. 8s&ally sol&!le in water/ insol&!le in organic sol ent 3. +ond&cts electricity in molten state or in a9&eo&s sol&tion (e) (i) 6 and )/: and ) (ii) ;oth atoms ha e the same n&m!er of alence electron which is one. (f) <lement 0 is not chemically reacti e !eca&se the electron arrangement of atom 0 is a ery sta!le octet arrangement. The atom does not need to recei e= donate or share any electrons.

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