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-Danish-German-American psychologist and psychoanalyst

Born: 15-Jun-1902 Mother: Karla Abrahamsen
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany Father: Dr. Theodor Homberger (stepfather)
Died: 12-May-1994 Wife: Joan Serson
-Coined the phrase “identity crisis”
The development of identity is one of Erikson's greatest concerns in his own life as well as in his theory because of personal life experiences


- believed that every human being goes through a certain number of stages to reach his or her full development, theorizing eight stages that a human being goes through from birth to
-there is an optimal time for each task. Our progress through each stage is in part determined by our success, or lack of success, in all the previous stages
. Each of Erikson's stages of psychosocial development are marked by a task or a CRISIS, for which successful resolution will result in a favorable outcome
- Favorable outcomes of each stage are known as VIRTUES
- A MALADAPTATION occurs if there is: too much of the positive and too little of the negative aspect of the task
-A MALIGNANCY occurs if: too little of the positive and too much of the negative aspect of the task

Stage (age) Psychosocial crisis Significant relations Psychosocial virtues Maladaptations Malignancies
I (0-1 ½ ) -- Withdrawal
TRUST vs MISTRUST mother hope sensory distortion
II (2-3) -- AUTONOMY vs SHAME AND Compulsion
parents Will/determination impulsivity
toddler DOUBT
III (3-6) -- Inhibition
INITIATIVE vs GUILT family purpose ruthlessness
IV (7-12 or so) -- Inertia (inaction/apathy)
INDUSTRY vs INFERIORITY neighborhood and school competence narrow virtuosity
school-age child
V (12-18 or so) -- IDENTITY vs ROLE Repudiation
peer groups, role models fidelity fanaticism
adolescence CONFUSION (rejection/denial)
VI (the 20’s) -- Exclusion
INTIMACY vs ISOLATION partners, friends love promiscuity
young adult
VII (late 20’s to 50’s) GENERATIVITY vs Rejectivity (lack of
household, workmates care overextension
-- middle adult STAGNATION participation)
VIII (50’s and Despair/disdain
INTEGRITY vs DESPAIR mankind or “my kind” wisdom presumption
beyond) -- old adult