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ERIK HOMBURGER ERIKSON

-Danish-German-American psychologist and psychoanalyst


Born: 15-Jun-1902 Mother: Karla Abrahamsen
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany Father: Dr. Theodor Homberger (stepfather)
Died: 12-May-1994 Wife: Joan Serson
-Coined the phrase “identity crisis”
The development of identity is one of Erikson's greatest concerns in his own life as well as in his theory because of personal life experiences

ERIK ERIKSON’S THEORY ON PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT


- believed that every human being goes through a certain number of stages to reach his or her full development, theorizing eight stages that a human being goes through from birth to
death
-there is an optimal time for each task. Our progress through each stage is in part determined by our success, or lack of success, in all the previous stages
. Each of Erikson's stages of psychosocial development are marked by a task or a CRISIS, for which successful resolution will result in a favorable outcome
- Favorable outcomes of each stage are known as VIRTUES
- A MALADAPTATION occurs if there is: too much of the positive and too little of the negative aspect of the task
-A MALIGNANCY occurs if: too little of the positive and too much of the negative aspect of the task

Stage (age) Psychosocial crisis Significant relations Psychosocial virtues Maladaptations Malignancies
I (0-1 ½ ) -- Withdrawal
TRUST vs MISTRUST mother hope sensory distortion
infant
II (2-3) -- AUTONOMY vs SHAME AND Compulsion
parents Will/determination impulsivity
toddler DOUBT
III (3-6) -- Inhibition
INITIATIVE vs GUILT family purpose ruthlessness
preschooler
IV (7-12 or so) -- Inertia (inaction/apathy)
INDUSTRY vs INFERIORITY neighborhood and school competence narrow virtuosity
school-age child
V (12-18 or so) -- IDENTITY vs ROLE Repudiation
peer groups, role models fidelity fanaticism
adolescence CONFUSION (rejection/denial)
VI (the 20’s) -- Exclusion
INTIMACY vs ISOLATION partners, friends love promiscuity
young adult
VII (late 20’s to 50’s) GENERATIVITY vs Rejectivity (lack of
household, workmates care overextension
-- middle adult STAGNATION participation)
VIII (50’s and Despair/disdain
INTEGRITY vs DESPAIR mankind or “my kind” wisdom presumption
beyond) -- old adult