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Facilities
Manufacturing Floor Area
200,000 sq. feet
Total Land Area
31 acres
Bridge Crane Capacity
40 ton
Maximum Hook Height
37 feet
Fork Lift Capacity
30,000 Ibs.
Welding Qualifications All weld procedures and
welders are qualified to ASME Section IX: Sub ARC,
ARC, Pulse ARC, TIG, MIG, Core Wire, Resistance,
Electroslag, Tube Welding, Track Welding, Large Turn
Tables, Rolls, Positioners

Fabrication
Plate Roll
Angle Roll
Press Brake
Radial Expanders
ter
Plate Shear
Flame and Plasma Cutting

11/2 Thickness
5 x 5 x 1
5 ton through 400 ton
5 ton through 400 ton
1/ through 96 diame2

.003 through 1
4-torch computer
controlled water table
Abrasive Blasting
16 x 16 x 24, recirculating system
Painting and finishing equipment

Bellows Forming

Expanding mandrel forming from 1/2 to 30 foot diameter


Large bellows of unlimited diameter can be made
in sections
Roll forming to 14-foot diameter
Hydraulic forming, 1200 ton press for specialized
toroidal bellows

Quality Assurance
Senior Flexonics Pathway Quality Assurance System has
been certified to ISO 9001 and is in compliance with
ASME Section VII, Division 1, ASME B31.1 and ASME
B31.3, AWS B1.1, AISI, ASIC, Stoomwezen and T.U.V.
Section VIII (U Stamp), (R Stamp)
Section III (N Stamp), (NPT Stamp)
Xray 300KV 10 MA and 5 MA Magnetic Particle, Dye
Penetrant, Zyglo, Ultrasonic and Eddy Current Testing
Mass Spectrometer and Halogen Leak Detection
Positive Material Identification (PMI)
Hydro Testing
Cycle Testing
Spring Rate Testing
Dead Weight Testing
Hardness Testing

Test Programs and


Design Verification Tests
Ambient Temperature Bellows Fatigue Testing
Elevated Temperature Bellows Fatigue Testing
Seismic Analysis of Fabricated Components
Vibration Analysis of Fabricated Components
Shock Loading Performance Testing
Bellows Spring Rate Testing
Expansion Joint Deflection Testing
Bellows Torsion Testing
Burst Testing

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Contents
Introduction ................................................................2

5 through 12 Size .......................................58-59

The Senior Flexonics Pathway Advantage .................3

14 through 22 Size .....................................60-61

Engineering & Quality Assurance...............................4

24 through 32 Size .....................................62-63

Research and Development ........................................5

34 through 42 Size .....................................64-65

Manufacturing.............................................................5

44 through 144 Size ...................................66-67

How a Bellows Works...............................................6-8

Moment and Torsion Data ..................................68-69

How to Interpret a Bellows Design Analysis..............9

Torsional Stiffness Values

Applications & Features .......................................10-14

2 to 28 torsion data....................................70-71

Accessories ............................................................15-16

30 to 144 torsion data................................72-73

Flanges ..................................................................16-18

X-Press Expansion Joints .........................................74

Common Metallurgical Problems ............................19

In-Line Pressure Balanced X-Press II

How to Specify a Single Expansion Joint............20-21


Single Expansion Joints Metal

Expansion Joints .................................................75


X-Press Dimensional Data ........................................76

2 and 2.5 Size .............................................22-23

X-Press Optional Features .........................................77

3 and 3.5 Size .............................................24-25

How to Specify a Externally Pressurized

4 and 5 Size.................................................26-27
6 and 8 Size.................................................28-29
10 and 12 Size ............................................30-31
14 and 16 Size ............................................32-33
18 and 20 Size ............................................34-35
22 and 24 Size ............................................36-37
26 and 28 Size ............................................38-39
30 and 32 Size ............................................40-41

Expansion Joint...................................................77
X-Press Pressure 150 PSIG &
Temperature 500F English ..............................78
X-Press Pressure 10.5 Kg/Cm2 &
Temperature 260C Metric...............................79
X-Press Pressure 300 PSIG &
Temperature 500F English ..............................80
X-Press Pressure 21.1 Kg/Cm2 &

34 and 36 Size ............................................42-43

Temperature 260C Metric...............................81

38 and 40 Size ............................................44-45

Installation Instructions ......................................82-83

42 and 48 Size ............................................46-47

Pipe Properties......................................................87-89

50 and 60 Size ............................................48-49

Thermal Expansion Chart.........................................85

66 and 96 Size ............................................50-51

General Conversion Chart........................................84

108 and 144 Size ........................................52-53

Temperature Conversions .........................................86

How to Specify a Universal Expansion Joint......54-55

Expansion Joint Specification Sheet.........................91

Universal Expansion Joints Metal

Warranty Information...............................................90

2 through 4 Size .........................................56-57


NOTICE: The information and technical data contained herein is believed to be accurate and the best information
available to us at the time of printing this catalog. All information and data contained herein is subject to change at
any time, without notice. Because we have no control over the selection, installation or use of our products, we cannot
be responsible for their improper application or misuse.
Copyright 2000, Senior Flexonics Pathway. All rights reserved.
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-[INTRODUCTION ]-
Senior Flexonics Pathway is pleased to present this catalog of metal expansion joints from 2 pipe size
(50mm ND) to 144" diameter (3.6M ND). The units presented are standard products and range from the
simplest single bellows expansion joints with weld ends to the more complicated universals, hinged and
gimbal expansion joints. If your system requirements can not be satisfied by the expansion joints provided
in this catalog, Senior Flexonics Pathway will design a custom product to suit your needs.
This catalog contains excellent technical references to help you understand how expansion joints work, how
to apply them, and how to select the expansion joint best suited for your application. You will find spring
rate references and other performance criteria that are essential for modeling expansion joints in pipe stress
programs. All performance information is provided in English and metric units. The back of the catalog
contains useful engineering tables.

-[EMERGENCY SERVICE 24/7]-


Emergency service 24 hours/day, 7 days/week:
For over 25 years Senior Flexonics Pathways reputation has been built on our ability to exceed client
expectation on Emergency requirements. 48 hour shipment on catalog parts is a promise weve made and
keep. Our best performance is same day shipment.
Emergencies happen. When they do, we are ready to respond to your needs. Senior Flexonics Pathways
culture is molded around our ability to deliver expedited shipments. Manufacturing redundancies, 24 hour
staffing and a client response team of customer service, engineering and production personnel on-call 24
hours a day 365 days a year will continue to be a Senior Flexonics Pathway exclusive.

Call our 24-hour hotline anytime @ 830 660 0337

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-[ THE SENIOR FLEXONICS


PATHWAY ADVANTAGE ]-
We have been innovating solutions since October 27, 1902. Globally, there are more than 1000 Senior
Flexonics Pathway personnel devoted to the design, manufacture and service of metal bellows expansion
joints and devices. Senior Flexonics Pathway is the largest metal expansion joint manufacturing company in
the world and the only expansion joint company with a global presence.
The Senior Flexonics Pathway ADVANTAGE is our EXPERIENCE, our PEOPLE, and our manufacturing and
research FACILITIES strategically located around the world. Expansion joints are made from 1/4 inch
(6.4 mm) to 45 feet (13.7 meters) in diameter; in shapes that include round, oval and rectangular; for
temperatures to 2000F (1093C); and pressures to 4000 PSI (276 Bar). The Senior Flexonics Pathway
ADVANTAGE provides you with the widest range of sizes and types of engineered expansion joints available
in the world today.

Industries that use the Senior Flexonics Pathway Advantage include:

Petrochemicals and Refining


Cogeneration
Cryogenics
LNG
District Heating, Cooling, Steam Distribution
Fossil Fuel Power Generation
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
Hot Metal Processing
Nuclear Power Generation
Pulp and Paper
Shipbuilding and Repair

Other industrial applications such as:


Engine Manifolds
Heat Exchangers
Hot or Cold Piping

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-[ ENGINEERING ]-
Our engineers use the latest computer aided design tools to provide fast proposal turn around and the most
efficient use of space and materials. Pipe Stress analysis and math modeling of expansion joint systems is
performed using Caesar II and other Finite Element Analysis (FEA) based programs. FEA is used extensively
for design of highly loaded components and for design of high temperature hardware, a special area of
competence for Senior Flexonics Pathway.
Senior Flexonics Pathway is a charter member of the Expansion Joint
Manufacturers Association (EJMA). Every expansion joint produced by
Senior Flexonics Pathway is designed and manufactured in strict
accordance with EJMA standards.
Detailed calculations to validate design in accordance with latest edition
of the EJMA standards are available to every Senior Flexonics Pathway
customer. Customers should require full compliance with the EJMA
Standards and calculations to prove compliance, regardless of the
expansion joint manufacturer.

-[ QUALITY
ASSURANCE ]-
We maintain quality assurance programs in
accordance with the standards and
requirements of:
ASME Section III (Nuclear N Stamp,
NPT Stamp)
ASME Section VIII (U Stamp, R Stamp)
MIL-I-45208A

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-[ RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ]-


We maintain the only fully equipped laboratory of its kind in the expansion joint industry. It is dedicated to
bellows materials research and analysis. In addition, we have the largest and most comprehensive testing
facility available. We routinely perform vibration testing, cyclic fatigue testing, seismic shake analysis and
cryogenic and elevated temperature testing.
A substantial portion of each annual budget is
devoted to research into new and improved
methods of bellows forming, verification of bellows
properties, validating calculations and development
of new EJMA equations. New bellows materials and
pressure thrust restraint structures are also
evaluated. As a result, Senior Flexonics Pathway is
the leading innovator in expansion joint design.

-[ MANUFACTURING ]-
Senior Flexonics Pathway is the only major metal
expansion joint manufacturer that regularly uses all
recognized bellows forming technologies, including,
hydroforming, expanding mandrel or punch forming,
roll forming and elastomer forming.
We use the optimum forming method to
make the best expansion joint bellows
for the application.

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-[ HOW A BELLOWS WORKS ]-


A bellows is a flexible seal. The convoluted portion of an expansion joint is
designed to flex when thermal movements occur in the piping system. The
number of convolutions depends upon the amount of movement the
bellows must accommodate or the force that must be used to accomplish
this deflection.
The convoluted element must be strong enough circumferentially to
withstand the internal pressure of the system, yet responsive enough to flex.
The longitudinal load (pressure thrust) must then be absorbed by some
other type of device. These devices include pipe anchors, tie rods, hinges, or
gimbal structures. Pressure thrust can be calculated by multiplying the
effective area shown in the catalog by the working pressure.

BELLOWS MOVEMENTS

AXIAL

LATERAL

Pressure Thrust
For the purpose of understanding pressure thrust, a single bellows designed for
pure axial motion can be modeled as hydraulic cylinder with a spring inside.
Force on equipment or adjacent piping anchors F = (the effective area of the
bellows) x (the working pressure) + (the spring rate of the bellows) x (the
stroke of the bellows).

ANGULAR
The spring represents the axial spring rate of the bellows. The hydraulic piston
represents the effect of the pressure thrust which the expansion joint can exert on the piping anchors or
pressure thrust restraints (hinges, gimbals, tie rods)
which may be part of the expansion joint assembly.
The area of the hydraulic cylinder would be the
effective area of the bellows. For a 20, 150 psig catalog
standard expansion joint with 20 convolutions, the
spring force for 1 of axial stroke would be (the axial
motion) x (the spring rate of the bellows) or 1 in. x
1521Ibs./in. = 1521 pounds.

Figure 1. Working pressure acting on the effective


area of the bellows.

The pressure thrust force would equal (the working


pressure) x (the bellows effective area) or (150 Ibs./in.2)
x (359 in.2) = 53,850 pounds.

The pressure thrust force is typically much higher than the spring force.
Expansion joints designed for lateral offset or angular motion are more complicated to model accurately.
However, the effect of pressure thrust is the same.
The pages following the HOW A BELLOWS WORKS section describe expansion joints which can be applied
to eliminate the effect of pressure thrust on rotating equipment or other stress sensitive devices.

Pressure Stresses
The ability of a bellows to carry pressure is limited by hoop stress or S2 as defined in the standards of the
Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association (EJMA). This is a stress that runs circumferentially around the
bellows due to the pressure difference between the inside and the outside of the bellows.
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Hoop stress is what holds a bellows together like the hoops


on a barrel. This stress must be held to a code stress level.
The customer should specify the code to be used.
The bellows ability to carry pressure is also limited by
bulge stress or EJMA stress S4. This is a stress that runs
longitudinal to the bellows centerline. More specifically, it
is located in the bellows sidewall and it is a measure of the
tendency of the convolutions to become less U-shaped and
more spherical.

Pressure
The convolution
wants to take
shape

S4 or pressure
bending stress

Figure 3.

Pressure

Figure 2. Hoop stress or S2 runs in the


circumferential direction.

For bellows that are not annealed after forming, S4 is allowed by


EJMA to exceed the initial yield strength of the bellows material
by a large margin because it is cold worked. If a bellows is
annealed after forming, S4 must be severely limited because the
bellows sidewall material is no longer cold worked.
Accommodating a requirement for annealing will often result in
the addition of reinforcing rings or a much heavier bellows
material and more convolutions. Our standard policy is to
provide bellows in the as-formed condition to take advantage of
the added performance that is imparted to the bellows through
cold work. Senior Flexonics Pathway will accommodate
annealing requirements on request.

Squirm
A bellows that is pressurized internally is similar in
many ways to a column loaded in compression. At
some loading, a long column will buckle. Similarly,
an internally pressurized expansion joint will
eventually buckle or squirm at some internal
pressure loading. It is the responsibility of the
expansion joint manufacturer to design the bellows
to avoid squirm during operating conditions or
pressure testing.
Squirm can lead to catastrophic failure of a bellows.
Our design equations treat squirm conservatively. A
hydrostatic test of the completed expansion joint
verifies stability. If hydrostatic testing is desired, it
should be specified at the time of order placement.

Stable bellows

Squirmed bellows

Figure 4. Bellows squirm is similar to column buckling.

Cycle Life
When a bellows deflects, the motion is absorbed by bending of the sidewalls of each convolution. The
associated stress caused by this motion is the deflection stress or EJMA stress S6. This stress runs longitudinal
to the bellows centerline. The maximum value of S6 is located in the sidewall of each convolution near the
crest or root.
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HOW A BELLOW WORKS (CONTINUED)


Expansion joints are designed to operate with a value for
S6 that far exceeds the yield strength of the bellows
material. This means that most expansion joints will take a
permanent set at the rated axial, angular or lateral motion.
Expansion joint bellows are rarely designed to operate in
the elastic stress range. Therefore the bellows will
eventually fatigue after a finite number of movement
cycles. It is important to specify a realistic cycle life as a
design consideration when ordering an expansion joint.
An overly conservative cycle life requirement can result in
a bellows design that is so long and soft that it is subject to
squirm failure.

Convolution shape
before deflecting

Multiple Ply Construction


S6 or deflection
bending stress

The necessary amount of metal to contain pressure can be


achieved with a single ply of bellows material or multiple
plies of material of reduced thickness. A bellows of
multiple ply construction often has a lower spring rate
than a single ply bellows for the same service. Thin
material experiences less strain than a thick material for
the same deflection. That means a multiple ply bellows
may be shorter and it may have a higher cycle life than a
single ply bellows for the same application.

Convolution shape
after deflecting

Figure 5. When the bellows compresses, the side


walls bend to shorten the bellows.

Lower Convolute

Pressure thrust

(2)

Angular Spring Rate

(1)

+(2)

Lateral Spring Rate

+(2)

(1)

Axial Spring Rate

+(1)

Higher Convolute

Rated Angular

Thinner Material

Rated Lateral

+(1)

Rated Axial

(2)

Cycle Life

Deflection Stress S6

(1)

External Buckling
Pressure

Bulge Stress S4

Thicker Material

VARIATION

Squirm Pressure

Hoop Stress S2

DESIGN VARIABLES AS THEY EFFECT BELLOWS DYNAMICS

+(3)

+ (3)

+(3)

+(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

+(1)

(2)

+(2)

+(3)

+(3)

+(3)

+(3)

Smaller Pitch

Larger Pitch

More Plies

Fewer Plies

Larger Diameter

+(1)

Smaller Diameter

(1)

More Convolutions

Fewer Convolutions

LEGEND: + INCREASE; DECREASE; S SAME


(#) INDICATES HOW STEEPLY THE VARIATION AFFECTS THE DESIGN VARIABLE, I.E., (1) MEANS THE CHANGE IS LINEAR; (2) MEANS THE DESIGN
VARIABLE CHANGES BY THE SQUARE OF THE VARIABLE; (3) MEANS THE DESIGN VARIABLE CHANGES BY THE CUBE OF THE VARIABLE.

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-[HOW TO INTERPRET A
SENIOR FLEXONICS PATHWAY
BELLOWS DESIGN ANALYSIS ]-
SM

All custom bellows designs should be documented to prove that the critical stress values are within the limits
of the selected design code. Documentation should prove that the design is safe and mechanically stable, and
that the cycle life is in accordance with the specification requirements. The Senior Flexonics Pathway bellows
design analysis shows all the critical information in a summary format. The following explanation is offered
to help customers interpret the information that is shown on the Pathway bellows design analysis so the
information is more meaningful.
This is the actual temperature used for the bellows design. For
certain applications such as refractory lined expansion joints,
the bellows is often designed for a lower temperature than the
media.

This is the allowable primary stress for the bellows material at


the design temperature.

This is the modulus of elasticity of the bellows material at the


design temperature. The room temperature modulus of
elasticity is used to calculate the deflection stresses (S5 & S6).

The longitudinal weld joint efficiency varies based on the


method of inspection and the specified code.

The design movements create the deflection stresses that


determine cycle life. One complete cycle is based upon
moving the bellows from the installed position to the
maximum specified movement and then back to the installed
position.

Material thickness is stated as the standard sheet gauge


thickness.

Hoop Stress (S2) is a critical membrane stress that runs in the


circumferential direction. The S2 value must be lower than the
allowable stress for the bellows material multiplied by the
bellows longitudinal weld joint efficiency.

The bellows effective area is the area of


the bellows that creates pressure thrust
when acted upon by the operating
pressure. The system anchors and/or the
hardware on the expansion joint must
be designed to withstand pressure thrust
at the operating and test conditions.

Torsional spring rate is offered for those


pipe stress analysts who are inputting
bellows characteristics into a pipe stress
program. Bellows are not generally
designed for torsional movements. But,
the torsional stiffness value can affect the
output of a pipe stress analysis that
includes an expansion joint.

The proposed design has this


calculated cycle life at the specified
conditions.

There are two types of squirm or instability


that can occur for internally pressurized
bellows. One is called column squirm
(similar to buckling of a column) and the
other is called in-plane squirm (localized
plastic deformation). Senior Flexonics
Pathway calculates the maximum stability
pressure based on the lower of the two
values. The design stability pressure is the
predicted squirm pressure divided by a
safety factor of 2.25.
The Senior Flexonics Pathway spring rate
calculations are based on the initial elastic
spring rate criteria from EJMA.

Pressure Bending (S4) is a critical bending stress that is located


in the sidewall of the convolution running in the longitudinal
direction. It is the stress that makes a U shaped convolution
balloon out into an omega shape. The value of S3 + S4 must
be limited to 1.5 times the allowable stress for annealed
bellows and 3 times the allowable stress for bellows in the
asformed condition.

Deflection Bending (S6) is the primary bending stress


influencing fatigue life. This stress runs in the longitudinal
direction and is most severe near the convolution crest or root.
Since bellows operate in the plastic range, the value of S6 is
generally well above the allowable code stress value. It is a
theoretical calculation based on elastic theory, and the value is
used to calculate cycle life.

This is the specified cycle life value. If ASME B31.3 or ASME


Sect. VIII are specified, this value should realistically represent
the actual number of cycles the bellows will experience in
service. This is typically in the hundreds of cycles, not
thousands.

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-[ APPLICATIONS]-
Single Expansion Joints AS have one bellows. Axial compression and extension, lateral and angular
movement can be accommodated. These expansion joints do not restrain the internal pressure thrust. The
piping designer must provide the system with separate anchoring and guiding to resist the pressure thrust.
Where small thermal movements are involved and proper anchoring and guiding is feasible, a single
expansion joint is the most economical installation.

SINGLE UNRESTRATINED AS

Tied Single AT Expansion Joints also have one bellows, except the overall length is restrained by tie rods
designed to contain pressure thrust. A tied single is usually designed for lateral offset so that the tie rods can
remain fully engaged and loaded with the pressure thrust force. A two tie rod design can accept angular
deflection in a single plane.

TIED SINGLE AT

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Universal AU Expansion Joints consist of two bellows separated by a pipe spool. This configuration
accommodates large lateral movements, in addition to axial compression and extension and angular
deflection. These expansion joints have no restraints to resist pressure thrust and like the singles, the
piping designer must provide separate anchoring to handle pressure thrust.

UNIVERSAL AU
Universal Tied, AUT Expansion Joints contain two
bellows separated by a pipe spool and tie rods designed to
contain the pressure thrust force. These expansion joints
are generally designed to accommodate lateral movement only. A universal expansion joint can be designed
to have a very low lateral spring force to minimize forces on adjacent equipment. A two tie rod design can
also accept angular deflection in a single plane.
The tie rods are usually at or near ambient temperatures and, therefore, do not expand and contract as a
function of the temperature of the media within the pipe. As a result, the thermal expansion of the length of
pipe between the tie rod end plates is forced into the bellows as an axial movement. The bellows design must
accommodate this axial thermal expansion as well as the specified lateral movement.

UNIVERSAL TIED AUT

Sometimes a universal expansion joint has a very heavy center spool that can exert excessive weight on
the bellows elements. To protect the bellows elements from excessive lateral loads, a support system such
as a slotted hinge can be installed across the individual bellows elements to support the dead weight of the
center spool.

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APPLICATIONS (CONTINUED)

Hinged Expansion Joints AH have a single bellows with overall length


restrained by hinge hardware designed to accommodate pressure thrust. A
hinged expansion joint allows angular movement in a single plane.
HINGED AH

Universal Hinged AUH Expansion Joints have two bellows separated by a pipe spool with overall length
restrained by hinge hardware designed to contain pressure thrust. A
hinged universal expansion joint accepts large lateral movements in
a single plane with very low spring forces.

UNIVERSAL HINGED AUH

A three-hinge system can accommodate very large movements with very low reaction loads on the adjacent
equipment. This is a very attractive application for large diameter hot piping systems if the movements are in
the same plane.

Gimbal AG Expansion Joints have a single bellows and gimbal hardware


designed to resist pressure thrust. The gimbal expansion joint hardware operates
like the universal joint on a drive shaft to accommodate angular movements in
any plane.
GIMBAL AG

Universal Gimbaled AUG Expansion Joints are similar to the hinged universals except that the two
expansion joints are gimbal type. The advantage of this arrangement is the ability of the expansion joint to
accept large lateral movements and independent angular
movements in any plane.

UNIVERSAL GIMBAL AUG

A system consisting of two gimbals and a hinge can accommodate very large movements with very low reaction
loads on the adjacent equipment. This is a very attractive application for large diameter hot piping systems
even if the movements are complex and not in a single plane.
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Pressure Balanced Expansion Joints are devices which produce no pressure thrust forces in the piping
system on the main anchors. In addition to eliminating the pressure thrust, the expansion joint can accept
axial compression, axial extension, lateral and angular movements. The balancing thrust is created by using a
balancing bellows.
Pressure Balanced Elbows are expansion joints which can consist of a single or double bellows in the
flow section, and a balancing bellows of equal area on the back side of the elbow. Tie rods attach the
outboard end of the balancing bellows to the outboard end of the flow bellows. Under pressure the tie rods
are loaded with the pressure thrust force. If the flow bellows compresses in service, the balancing bellows
extends the same amount without exposing the adjacent anchors to pressure thrust forces. However, the
spring forces associated with bellows movements are imposed on the adjacent equipment. A pressure
balanced elbow type expansion joint can accept axial compression, axial extension, lateral movements and
very limited angular motion.

In-Line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joints consist of single or double (universal) bellows to accept the
piping induced axial compression, extension and lateral movements. An oversize bellows with
approximately two times the area of the flow bellows is used to create an annular pressure chamber that
produces a balancing pressure thrust force. Tie rods are used to link the bellows elements and contain the
pressure thrust force. In-Line pressure balanced expansion joints are typically used in straight pipe runs
between intermediate anchors (non pressure thrust resistant) or adjacent to rotating equipment that cannot
operate with large externally applied loads.

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-[ ACCESSORIES ]-
STANDARD LINERS (PART NUMBER L)
Liners can be installed inside the expansion joint to protect the bellows
from damage. Liners should be specified by adding the letter L to the
part number when the following conditions exist:
Smooth flow or low pressure drop is required.
Velocities which may produce flow induced vibrations described below.
For air, steam and other gases
a) Up to 6 Dia. flow greater than 4 ft/sec per inch of Dia. (Up to 150 mm Dia. flow greater than
0.05 M/sec per mm of Dia.)
b) Over 6 Dia. flow greater than 24 ft/sec (over 150-mm Dia. flow greater than 7.5 M/sec)
For water and other liquids
a) Up to 6 Dia. flow greater than 1.67 ft/sec per inch of Dia. (up to 150 mm Dia. flow greater than
0.02 M/sec per mm of Dia.)
b) Over 6 Dia. flow greater than 10 ft/sec (over 150 mm Dia. flow greater than 3.0 M/sec)

HEAVY-DUTY LINERS (PART NUMBER HL)


Heavy-duty liners should be used in the following conditions:
When high velocity, extremely turbulent or damaging two-phase flow exists upstream of the bellows.
When extremely high temperatures are present, the liners can create an insulating barrier which would
permit the bellows to operate at lower temperatures ensuring longer life and resisting oxidation. Steam
purging and/or insulation can be added to enhance protection.
When the media is erosive such as in catalyst carrying services.
When an expansion joint is located within 10 pipe diameters downstream of an elbow, tee or valve.
When liners are specified, Senior Flexonics Pathway should be provided with the axial, lateral and angular
movement expected. This is required so that the diameter of the liner can be properly determined to avoid
interference with the downstream pipe or flange.

TIE RODS OR LIMIT RODS (PART NUMBER T)


This part number designation adds threaded rods that are designed to contain
pressure thrust. The rods will have nuts or stops on the ends of the assembly to limit
the overall length. When an expansion joint is designed for pure lateral offset the
rods are defined as Tie Rods. If the expansion joint is intended to absorb axial
motion as well as lateral offset, the rods will have outboard stops to limit the expansion joint to the installed
length plus any specified axial extension. This is defined as a Limit Rod. The designation T applies to
either purpose. The required movements determine if the rods are Tie Rods or Limit Rods. Limit rods are
generally used to limit expansion joint movement in the event of main anchor failure. During normal
operation Limit Rods do not contain pressure thrust.

COVERS (PART NUMBER C)


Covers should be specified when:

Protection from falling objects or protection from traffic is needed.


Protection of personnel is needed.
Insulation will be applied over the expansion joint.
When high flow velocities may exist around the outside of the
expansion joint, such as in the exhaust of a steam turbine.

Senior Flexonics Pathway always recommends a cover. The small cost for the cover is insurance against costly
downtime due to damage. The standard cover is a removable design.
14

Metal Bellows Correctedn

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Page 15

PURGE CONNECTIONS (PART NUMBER P#)


Purge Connections are installed upstream of the bellows and
downstream of the liner attachment to:
Prevent packing or caking of media borne solids in the
convolutions which would prevent the bellows from freely
flexing.
Introduce a cooling media such as steam between the outside
of the liner and the inside of the bellows.
The number of purge connections around the circumference can be specified by adding the number after the
letter P in the Accessories portion of the part number, such as P2 or P3, etc.

PLY TESTABLE (PART NUMBER PT)


A ply testable bellows has an extra ply of material that is not required to satisfy basic design conditions. It is
a redundant ply that acts as a protective barrier between the media and the essential bellows material. By
tapping into the cavity between the redundant ply and the essential
bellows material, it is possible to detect a leak that occurs in the
redundant ply. If a leak occurs, the essential bellows material is still
present to hold pressure with full design compliance.
The ply testable bellows allows for a 100% safety factor on design. This is
a requirement for certain hazardous ASME code applications. It is highly
recommended for applications in which the cost of replacement or cost of
down time for a leaking bellows would be extreme. It is also recommended for applications in which a leak
would be very hazardous to personnel.

RED TOP LEAK INDICATOR


(PART NUMBER RT)
The ply testable connection on the bellows can be fitted with a
pressure gage or another type of pressure sensing device. However,
bellows are very reliable and pressure gages that never change are
not noticed after a while. The Senior Flexonics Pathway patented
Red Top leak indicator is a device that extends a large red button
if a leak is detected. The red button is very noticeable from several
meters distance.

15

Metal Bellows Correctedn

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2:42 PM

Page 16

STANDARD FLANGE DATA


This abbreviated flange data summary is to aid system designers in selecting the optimum pipe and duct flanges. The
working pressure at temperature ratings were obtained from applicable flange specifications. Where elevated temperature
data was not available, the rated working pressure at ambient was down rated in accordance with ASME code versus
temperature correction factors.
NOMINAL
I.D.

SLIP ON FLANGES

(20) TO 100

WORKING PRESSURE RATING (PSIG) AT TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)


200
300
400
500
600
700

800

CLASS 125 L.W.


FORGED STEEL MATL. A-105

6 TO 12

175

152

134

116

98

80

62

46

AWWA 125 L.W.


C207-54T CLASS D MATL. A-105

14 TO 96

150

131

115

99

83

67

51

38

CLASS 150 FORGED STEEL


ANSI B16.5 MATL. A-105

1 TO 24

285

260

230

200

170

140

110

80

CLASS 125 FORGED STEEL


C207-54T CLASS E MATL. A-105

26 TO 96

275

240

210

180

150

130

110

80

CLASS 300 FORGED STEEL


ANSI B16.5 MATL. A-105

1 TO 24

740

675

655

635

600

550

535

410

CLASS 400 FORGED STEEL


ANSI B16.5 MATL. A-105

1 TO 24

990

900

875

845

800

730

710

550

#H & HD

O.D.

The dimensional data shown below has been consolidated from current
standards for easy reference. All dimensions are in inches.

BC
L

Size
Inch
11/2
2
21/2
3
31/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
48
54
60
66
72
84
96

16

Class 125 L.W


OD

11
131/2
16
19
21
231/2
25
271/2
291/2
32
341/4
361/2
383/4
413/4
433/4
46
483/4
503/4
53
591/2
661/4
73
80
861/2
993/4
1131/4

9/16
9/16
11/16
11/16
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4

1
1
1
1
1
11/8
11/8
11/8
11/8
11/8
11/4
13/8
13/8
11/2
11/2
11/2
13/4
2

11/4
11/4
11/4
11/4
11/4
11/4
11/4
11/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
13/4
21/2
21/2
23/4
23/4
23/4
3
31/4

BC

91/2
113/4
141/4
17
183/4
211/4
223/4
25
271/4
291/2
313/4
34
36
381/2
401/2
423/4
451/4
471/4
491/2
56
623/4
691/4
76
821/2
951/2
1081/2

Class 150 B16.5


#H

8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
20
24
28
28
28
32
32
32
36
36
44
44
52
52
60
64
68

HD

7/8
7/8

1
1
11/8
11/8
11/4
11/4
13/8
13/8
13/8
13/8
13/8
15/8
15/8
15/8
15/8
15/8
15/8
15/8
17/8
17/8
17/8
17/8
21/8
23/8

WT
Lbs.

13
18
26
42
44
58
59
69
76
115
125
140
150
205
215
235
250
280
330
425
500
640
750
850
1000
1650

OD
5
6
7
71/2
81/2
9
10
11
131/2
16
19
21
231/2
25
271/2
291/2
32

1
11/8
13/16
11/4
13/8
17/16
1 9/16
111/16
113/16
17/8

361/2
383/4

21/16
21/8

46

23/8

33/4

53
591/2
661/4
73
80
861/2
993/4
1131/4

25/8
23/4
3
31/8
33/8
31/2
37/8
41/4

4
41/8
43/8
41/2
47/8
5
53/8
53/4

11/16
3/4
7/8
15/16
15/16
15/16
15/16

Class 300 B16.5


#H
4
4
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
12
16
16
20
20
20

HD
5/8
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
7/8
7/8
7/8
1
1
11/8
11/8
11/4
11/4
13/8
13/8

WT
Lbs.
3
5
7
8
11
13
15
19
30
43
64
90
98
130
165
185
220

28
28

13/8
13/8

270
305

423/4

32

15/8

450

491/2
56
623/4
691/4
76
821/2
951/2
1081/2

36
44
44
52
52
60
64
68

15/8
15/8
17/8
17/8
17/8
17/8
21/8
23/8

650
800
1025
1250
1775
1925
2600
3275

L
BC
7/8
37/8
1
43/4
11/8
51/2
13/16
6
11/4
7
15/16
71/2
17/16
81/2
1 9/16
91/2
13/4
113/4
115/16
141/4
2 3/16
17
21/4
183/4
21/2
211/4
211/16
223/4
27/8
25
31/8
271/4
31/4
291/2
Class 125
37/16
34
31/2
36

OD
61/8
61/2
71/2
81/4
9
10
11
121/2
15
171/2
201/2
23
251/2
28
301/2
33
36

T
13/16

13/16
15/16
1
11/2
11/8 111/16
13/16
13/4
11/4
17/8
13/8
2
17/16 21/16
15/8 27/16
17/8
25/8
2
27/8
21/8
3
21/4
31/4
23/8
31/2
21/2
33/4
25/8
4
23/4 43/16
7/8

BC
41/2
5
57/8
65/8
71/4
77/8
91/4
105/8
13
151/4
173/4
201/4
221/2
243/4
27
291/4
32

#H
4
8
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
16
20
20
24
24
24
24

HD
7/8
3/4
7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8
1
11/8
11/4
11/4
13/8
13/8
13/8
15/8
15/8

WT
Lbs.
6
7
10
13
17
22
28
39
58
81
115
165
190
250
315
370
475

Size
Inch
11/2
2
21/2
3
31/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
48
54
60
66
72
84
96

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:42 PM

Page 17

#H & HD

O.D.

The dimensions data shown below has been


consolidated from current standards for easy
reference.

T
BC
L

To select the overall length of an assembly that uses plate flanges, use the FF (Flange by Flange) overall length from the data
pages and adjust the overall catalog overall length by the amount shown in the column labeled FF OAL adjust.
FF OAL Adjust

Plate Flange Dimensions


Nominal
Pipe Size

OD
(Inch)

T
(Inch)

BC
(Inch)

#H

HD
(Inch)

Wt.
(Lbs.)

Catalog Des. Pres.


150

50

5/8

4 3/4

3/4

-3/4

-3/4

2 1/2

5/8

5 1/2

3/4

-1

-1

7 1/2

5/8

3/4

-1 1/8

-1 1/8*

3 1/2

8 1/2

5/8

3/4

-1 1/4

-1 1/4

5/8

7 1/2

3/4

-1 3/8

-1 3/8

10

3/4

8 1/2

7/8

11

-1/2*

-1/2*

11

3/4

9 1/2

7/8

12

-3/8*

-3/8*

13 1/2

11 3/4

7/8

23

-1/4*

-1/4*

10

16

14 1/4

12

30

-1/8*

-1/8*

12

19

17

12

43

-5/8*

-5/8*

14

21

1 1/4

18 3/4

12

1 1/8

63

-2

16

23 1/2

1 1/4

21 1/4

16

1 1/8

76

-2 1/2

18

25

1 1/2

22 3/4

16

1 1/4

90

+1/2

5/8*

20

27 1/2

1 1/2

25

20

1 1/4

106

+1/2

-1*

22

29 1/2

1 1/2

27 1/4

20

1 3/8

120

-1/2

-1 1/2*

24

32

1 1/2

29 1/2

20

1 3/8

133

-1/2

-3 1/2

300 psig Flange Dimensions


2

6 1/2

3/4

-5/8

2 1/2

7 1/2

5 7/8

7/8

-1

8 1/4

6 5/8

7/8

11

-1 3/8

3 1/2

1 1/8

7 1/4

7/8

15

-1 1/4

10

1 1/8

7 7/8

7/8

19

-1 1/2

11

1 1/4

9 1/4

7/8

24

-1 1/2

12 1/2

1 1/2

10 5/8

12

7/8

34

-1 1/8

15

1 1/2

13

12

49

-1 7/8

10

17 1/2

1 3/4

15 1/4

16

1 1/8

66

-1 3/4

12

20 1/2

17 3/4

16

1 1/4

102

-1 3/4

14

23

20 1/4

20

1 1/4

132

-2

16

25 1/2

2 1/4

22 1/2

20

1 3/8

175

-2

18

28

2 1/2

24 3/4

24

1 3/8

226

-2

20

30 1/2

2 1/2

27

24

1 3/8

265

-2 1/2

22

33

2 3/4

29 1/4

24

1 5/8

326

-2 1/2

24

36

2 3/4

32

24

1 5/8

394

-2 7/8

Notes:
Plate flanges are designed for use with sheet gasket.
Flange gasket seating surface is a smooth mill finish.
Not recommended for use with spiral wound gaskets.
A36 material not recommended for use above 700F. or below 20F.
Not suggested for applications where ASME B31.3 or Section VIII Pressure Vessel Code requirements apply
Standard Catalog Flanges: 50 psig design/Class 125 L.W., 150 psig design/Class 150, 300 psig design/Class 300
* Length difference includes space required to avoid interference with bellows and flange nuts.
17

Metal Bellows Correctedn

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2:42 PM

Page 18

ANGLE FLANGES LOW PRESSURE

5 PSIG MAX

Economical flanges for low pressure service <5.


Can be added to single and universal expansion joints.
See part number example below.
Material: carbon steel.
Other materials are available on request.
Single overall length using angle flanges =
WW OAL 6 Inches + 2*L.

Nominal
Diameter
(Inch)

18

Approx.
Weight
(Lbs.)

Bolt Holes

Actual ID
(Inch)

Angle
Thickness
T (Inch)

14

14 3/16

3/16

1 1/2

1 1/2

16

16 1/4

3/16

1 3/4

1 3/4

9.5

18 1/8

13/32

16

18

18 1/4

3/16

1 3/4

1 3/4

10.5

20 1/8

13/32

16

20

20 1/4

3/16

1 3/4

1 3/4

11.6

22 1/8

13/32

20

22

22 1/4

3/16

1 3/4

1 3/4

12.8

24 1/8

9/16

20

24

24 1/4

3/16

1 3/4

1 3/4

14

26 1/8

9/16

20

26

26 1/4

3/16

17.3

28 1/2

9/16

24

28

28 1/4

3/16

18.5

30 1/2

9/16

24

30

30 1/4

3/16

20

32 1/2

9/16

28

32

32 1/4

3/16

21.3

34 1/2

9/16

28

34

34 1/4

3/16

22.5

36 1/2

9/16

32

36

36 1/4

3/16

23.8

38 1/2

9/16

32

38

38 1/4

3/16

24.6

40 1/2

9/16

36

40

40 1/4

3/16

26.2

42 1/2

9/16

36

42

42 1/4

3/16

27.5

44 1/2

9/16

40

44

44 1/4

3/16

28.8

46 1/2

9/16

40

46

46 1/4

3/16

30

48 1/2

9/16

44

48

48 1/4

3/16

31.5

50 1/2

9/16

44

50

50 1/4

1/4

54

53 1/2

11/16

48

52

52 1/4

1/4

57

55 1/2

11/16

48

54

54 1/4

1/4

59.7

57 1/2

11/16

52

60

60 1/4

1/4

68.2

63 1/2

11/16

56

66

66 1/4

1/4

76.7

69 1/2

11/16

60

72

72 5/16

3/8

119.3

75 1/2

11/16

68

84

84 5/16

3/8

141.9

87 1/2

13/16

76

Bolt Circle
(Inch)

Hole Size
(Inch)

15 13/16

Number
of Holes

13/32

12

96

96 5/16

3/8

164.5

99 1/2

13/16

88

108

108 3/8

3/8

187.3

111 1/2

13/16

100

120

120 3/8

3/8

209.9

123 1/2

13/16

108

132

132 3/8

3/8

232.5

135 1/2

13/16

120

144

144 3/8

3/8

255.1

147 1/2

13/16

132

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Nominal
Diameter

Style

Ends

Pressure

Number of
Convolutions

Accessories

English

66

HS

(A = angle flange)

10

(L = Liner, C = Cover)

Bellows Material
304L

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:42 PM

Page 19

MATERIALS COMMON METALLURGICAL PROBLEMS


Failure Mode

Cause

Frequently Used Solution

Chloride Stress Corrosion


Cracking

Chlorides acting on highly stressed


austenitic stainless steel bellows
(T304, T321, etc.)

Use a high nickel alloy like alloy 600


or alloy 625.

Carbide Precipitation

Chromium carbides form in


unstabilized stainless steels (T304,
T316) at high temperature (over 700
F) causing loss of corrosion resistance
at the grain boundaries.

Use a stabilized stainless steel (T321


or T347) or a low carbon stainless
steel (T304L) or another high alloy
material that is less affected by
carbide precipitation.

Pitting Corrosion

Galvanic action causes holes to form


in a bellows, usually from acids.

Use a bellows material containing


molybdenum T316, Alloy 825, Alloy
625) or one of the specialty materials
such as zirconium tantalum or
titanium.

Dew Point Corrosion

Liquid acid precipitates out of a sulfur


rich flue gas stream in contact with
the bellows element that operates
just below the dew point for acid
formation.

Insulate the bellows to insure it


operates above dew point in service
or install a Hot Blanket to maintain
a constant bellows skin temperature
that is above dew point.

Standard Material Specifications


For Bellows Shown In This Catalog
ASTM MATERIAL
Designation

Part Number
Designation

A240 T304
A240 T304L
A240 T309s
A240 T316
A240 T316L
A240 T317
A240 T317L
A240 T321
A240 T347
B688 AL6XN
A240 7Mo plus
A240 2205
A625 904L
B463 20Cb
A240 255
B536 330
A240 253MA
B435 230
B162 200 (Nickel)
B162 201 (Nickel)
B127 Alloy 400 (Monel)
B168 600 (Inconel)
B443 617
B443 625 LCF
B409 800
B409 800H
B424 825

304 (Catalog Standard)


304L
309s
316
316L
317
317L
321
347
AL6XN
7 Mo plus
2205
904L
20Cb
255
330
253MA
230
200
201
400
600
617
625 LCF
800
800H
825

BELLOWS MATERIAL DATA


Senior Flexonics Pathway engineers can form bellows from most ductile
materials that can be welded by the automatic TIG butt welding process
that results in a homogenious ductile weld structure.
Companies specifying and purchasing bellows must give careful
consideration to the selection of bellows material. When in doubt,
consult with basic supplier mill Metallurgist. Senior Flexonics does not
take responsibility for alloy selection.

Use of these material codes as a suffix in the Catalog part number will
designate the bellows material that will be supplied by Senior flexonics
Pathway.
*ASME SA or SB materials are inventoried and are available upon request
All bellows material purchased by Senior Flexonics Pathway is mill
annealed in accordance with ASTM or ASME specifications. Senior
Flexonics Pathway does not perform any other heat treating operations
before welding, after welding before forming convolutions or after
forming convolutions unless specified by purchaser. Heat treatment of
bellows after forming convolutions can lower bellows spring rate
squirm pressure, and cycle life. Senior Flexonics Pathway does not
recommend heat treatment be performed unless the bellows is operating
at high temperatures where time dependent properties of creep and stress
rupture become significant.
19

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:43 PM

Page 20

-[HOW TO SPECIFY A
SPECIAL
NOTE
If a non-standard flange
rating is required or a
non-standard weld end
thickness is required or if
the fittings are nonstandard materials, those
preferences must be
stated along with the part
number.

Identify the style (AS for Single


Unrestrained, AH for Hinged, AG
for Gimbal, AT for Tied) using the
illustrations at the top of each data
page. (pages 22-53)

STEP
2
STEP
1

Expansion joints are specified with


part numbers starting with the
nominal pipe size. If the part is
metric, the pipe size should have an M suffix
so that all units are understood to be Metric
(millimeters and Kg/Cm2). Go the data page
that shows the size required. (pages 22-53)

See applications descriptions on


pages 10 to 13.
configuration
the piping
forces in
spool. This
by a pipe
pressure thrust
can accept
n and angular
separated
extensio
produce no the expansion joint
two bellows
which
sion and
using a
devices
compres
consist of
thrust, the
the singles,
created by
like
to axial
pressure
Joints are thrusting
and
ion Joints
the
g thrust is
Expansionresist pressure
nts, in
AU Expans
d addition
to eliminat
nts. The balancin
moveme
to
Balance
Universal
restraintsIn addition
thrust. moveme
Pressure have no anchors.
large lateral
pressure
and angular
n jointsthe main
accommodates expansio
n, lateral
g to handle
the
system on
anchorin
These
axial extensio
bellows in
sion,
separate
deflection.
or double
axial compres
must provide
the
of a single
length
bellows.
piping designer
can consist
Tie rods attach
balancing
with overall
the tie rods
joints which
not
the
n
of the elbow.
A
bellows
do
side
resist
to
thrust.
n joints
a single
are expansio
Under pressure bellows
on the back
pressure
a single
ion
AH have
g and guidingJoints
g
d Elbows
These expansio
flow bellows.
is feasible,
of equal area
Balance
accommodate
ion
the balancin
Single Expans accommodated.
end of the
plane.
separate anchorinExpans
g bellows
Pressure
g and guiding e designed to
, the
in service,
can be
a balancin
in a single
Hinged
the outboard
system with
anchorin
compresses
forces. However
movement
hinge hardwar angular movement
bellows to
section, and
provide the
and proper
g
by
bellows
thrust
d
flow
must
flow
balancin
pressure
A pressure
nts are involved on. restraine
force. If the
end of the
n joint allows
piping designer
anchors to
and
equipment.
outboard
thermal moveme
pressure thrust
cal installati
the adjacent
hinged expansio
movements
on the adjacent
with the
exposing
Where small
n, lateral
most economi
imposed
are loaded
joint is the
amount without movements are
axial extensio
overall length
same
with
sion,
expansion
the
spool
compres
AH
extends
SAL AU
with bellows
by a pipe
accept axial
HINGED
UNIVER
associated
n joint can
contain two
bellows separated
spring forces
have two
ion Joints
type expansio
to
A
Expanselbow
ion Joints
designed
be designed
Tied, AUTbalanced and tie rods
pressure thrust. in
n joint can
AUH Expans
spool angular motion.
can
to contain
Universal
l expansio
Hinged
n joints
pipe limited
by a very
designed
movements
rod design
Universal
These expansio
only. A universa
hardware
A two tie
large lateral
bellows separated
by hinge
movement
thrust force.
equipment.
joint accepts
restrained
odate lateral
the pressure
on adjacent
expansion
l
forces
contain
accomm
e
to
forces.
designed
hinged universa
low spring
force to minimiz
with very
are generally
as a
lateral spring
plane.
a single plane
and contract
very low
in a single
of
to have a
AS
deflection
, do not expand
of the length
n
angular
therefore
RATINED
expansio
ures and,
also accept
UNREST
design must
the thermal
SINGLE
ambient temperat pipe. As a result,
The bellows
at or near
the
movement.
are usually
as an axial
media within
nt.
The tie rods
ure of the
into the bellows
lateral moveme
AUH
is forced
of the temperat
as the specified
function
end plates
SAL HINGED
n as well
on the adjacent
the tie rod
UNIVER
in between
reaction loads
thermal expansio
nts arepipe
very low
this axial
the moveme
nts with
accommodate
systems if
large moveme
hot piping
odate very
the
for large diameter
can accomm
to accept
ge system
application
l) bellows
attractive
A three-hin
double (universa
This is a very
d by tie rods
e
single or
bellows with
equipment.
is restraine
consist of
that
gimbal hardwar
An oversize
ion Joints
overall length
plane.
tie rods can and
movements.
pressure chamber
operates
that the
the same
d Expans
except the
so have
the
a single bellows
hardware
offset
an annular
Balance
n and lateral
e
joint
one bellows,
lateral
and contain
angular
n
create
Joints
in
for
to
extensio
have
Pressur
nts
ion
also
sion,
elements
is used
can accept
designed
In-Line
gimbal expansio angular moveme
AG Expans
ion Joints
pipe runs
the bellows
is usually
rod design
axial compres
flow bellows
thrust. The
Gimbal
odate
A two tie
AT Expans
used to link
A tied single
area of the
used in straight that cannot
piping induced
to resist pressure a drive shaft to accomm
times the
thrust force.
Tied Single
Tie rods are
typically
pressure thrust.
ately two
joints are
equipment
the pressure designed
thrust force.
to contain
l joint on
approxim
expansion
to rotating
g pressure
loaded with
designed
like the universa
a balancin
) or adjacent
engaged and
pressure balanced
produces
thrust resistant
remain fully
plane.
force. In-Line
AUT
any plane.
TIED
(non pressure
in a single
pressure thrust
deflection
iate anchors
the two UNIVERSAL
that
loads.
intermed
except
ly applied
between
AG
universals
n joint to
large external
GIMBAL
to the hinged
the expansio
operate with
ability of
are similar
ent is the
ion Joints
arrangem
AUG Expans
e of this
weight on
Gimbaled
The advantag
excessive
Universal
gimbal type.
ent angular
that can exert
system such
joints are
a support
center spool
nts and independ
expansion
the
lateral loads,
a very heavy
weight of
lateral moveme
the dead
n joint has
from excessive
accept large
to support
l expansio
elements
in any plane.
a universa
the bellows
bellows elements
movements
Sometimes
To protect
individual
elements.
across the
the bellows
be installed
11
hinge can
AT
as a slotted
TIED SINGLE
center spool.

and angular
ATIONS]-
D) and extension, lateral
thrust. The
-[ APPLIC
(CONTINUE
compression
internal pressure
bellows. Axial
restrain the
pressure thrust.
ICATIONS

APPL have one


Joints AS

STEP 5 EXAMPLE
A 12 - 150 PSIG expansion joint is
required to accept 1 of axial
compression and .5 of lateral offset.
The 12 convolution 150 PSIG catalog
part has an allowable lateral offset of
.51. The example would use up .5/.51
or 98% of the available catalog lateral
movement, leaving almost nothing for
the required axial movement. The 16
convolution 150 PSIG catalog part lists
2.71 of available axial compression and
.91 of available lateral offset. The
example expansion joint would use up
1/2.71 or 36% of the catalog axial
movement + .5/.91 or 55% of the
catalog lateral movement or 36% + 55%
= 91% of the total available catalog
movement. The 16-convolution profile
works. Therefore, the number 16 goes
in the part number.

L AUG
SAL GIMBA
UNIVER
low reaction
nts with very
systems
large moveme
hot piping
odate very
diameter
can accomm
on for large
and a hinge
e applicati
of two gimbals
very attractiv
This is a
consisting
A system
equipment.
a single plane.
and not in
the adjacent
loads on
are complex
movements
even if the

10

12

Nominal
Pipe Size

Style

End
Fittings

English

12

AS

WW

Metric

200 m

AS

WW

STEP
5

Select the number of convolutions based on movement capability and/or spring rate.
This is a simple iterative process. Utilizing the movement data for the size and pressure
class required, compare the movements required with the movements available for a
given convolution count. An acceptable design satisfies the following equation.

MODIFY SPRING RATE

Required Axial Movement +Required Lateral Movement + Required Angular Movement < 1
Catalog Rated Axial
Catalog Rated Lateral
Catalog Rated Angular

MODIFY CYCLE LIFE


The catalog movements are based on a cycle life of 2000 using the Expansion Joint Manufacturer
Associations calculation method. If a higher cycle life is required, the available catalog movements
should be reduced by the following amount before the above calculation is performed.
Desired Cycle Life
Catalog Movement Reduction Factor

2000
1

3000
.905

5000
.801

7000
.741

10000
.683

65MM SIZE
50MM AND
L
TS META

N JOIN
in the piping
EXPANSIO
thrust forces
accept
SINGLE
no pressure
joint can
expansion
which produce
using a
thrust, the
are devices
created by
g thrust is
ion Joints
ing the pressure
d Expans
to eliminat
nts. The balancin
Balance
configuration
In addition
Pressure
in the piping
spool. This
angular moveme
anchors.
angular thrust forces
by a pipe
the main
lateral and
n and
accept
separated
the
system on
extension,
no pressure
inextensio
n joint can
bellows
two bellows
sion, axial
sion and
which produce
double
singles, the
using a
the expansio
or compres
consist of
axial compres
are devices
the
to axial
created by
and like the thrust,
of a single
ion Joints
thrust
addition
length
bellows.
ion Joints
g thrust is
rods attach
in Expans
ing the pressure
nts, consist
AU Expans
pressure
which can
balancing
d
with overall
elbow.
resist Tie
moveme
to eliminat the tie rodsnts. The balancin
s to
Universal
n joints
of the
e Balance
pressure
restraint
thrust. moveme
In addition
large lateral
value.
thrust. A
noside
back
a single
Pressur
are expansio
Refer to
Under
: ASTM
have
pressure
anchors.
on the
greater movement
and angularg bellows
AH havea maximum bellows
Elbowsodates
BELLOWS add to part number.
bellows.
handle
n joints
d accomm
odate pressure
FW/VW
the main
g to
flow
lateralthe
equal area
4. To obtain factory.ion Joints
n,
expansio
of the
based upon
and angular Pressure Balance
should always
to eaccomm
material,
the
the
system on
Weight balancin
end anchorin
Theseof
FF/VV extensio
g bellows
contact Expans
service,
axial
, the
A53/A106
ratings are e designed
separate
temperatur
n, lateral
single plane.
bellows in
aD)
outboard
balancin
sion,compres
deflection.
ses inOAL
The
a
in
Hinged
the
pressure
(Kg)
Weight
However
Sch. 40
operating
provide
extensio
nt
WW
to
and
PIPE: ASTMSeries:
hardwar
thrust.
compres
and
or double
Actual
must
(mm)thrust forces.
5. Catalogd by
moveme
hinge
sion
ratings.
800F.
g bellows
pressure
bellowsOAL
the
Angular axial flow
50 lb.
TINUE
(Kg)
e of
Weight
designer
flow section,
of a single
Sch. 40
pressure
angular
compres
balancin
Lateral
OAL
piping
the
(mm)
(CON
flange
temperatur
length
restraine
Axial
allows
bellows.
the internal
rods attach
to pressure
thrust.
of the
Axial
3 nt. A pressure can consist
(Kg)
Spring RateIfbalancing
overall
maximum
ONS
150 lb. Series:
n joint
pressure. not restrain
bellows.working
Rate force.
Sch. 40
for
with end
elbow. Tie
(mm) adjacent anchors
133 equipmen joints which nts and
thrust
rrent
the pressure
be specified.
page 16one
the tie rods
outboard
expansio
have
seeICATI
5
A Rate Spring
bellows
Spring
(Kg-M/Deg)
Non-Concu
to resistMETRIC
the
side of the
300 lb. Series: A105/A36/A516-70
hinged
n joints do
flanged,AS
moveme
the pressure
is APPL
83
Angular
thrust.
(Kg/mm)
a single
1 1/2 x maximum
on the adjacent
unit Joints
with
are expansio
Under pressure bellows
B16.5 R.F.S.O.
No. of
a single
expansio
1
Lateral
6. Ifion
have
n,3lateral
on the back
(Kg/mm)without exposing 184 are imposed
pressure
g and guiding
: ASTM
____
loaded
AH
These
Elbows
test pressure: are
area
Axial
bellows.
page
g
are
feasible,
d
Expans
length
(Deg.)
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
odate
extensio
on
is
FLANGES Series:
165
anchorin
flow
nts e Balance sion, axial
Joints Nominal Pressure
odated.
Convoof equal
(mm) same amount
overall
Single
0.11
7. Maximum
5
ion
guiding
the balancin
to accomm
with
moveme
50 lb.
74
end of the
(mm)
torque values
plane.
g and
g bellows
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
be accomm
Expans
114
factory.separate
the
Pressur
Diameter
compres
bellows
11
can Maximum
designed
lutions inextends
in service,
pipe spool
AH
1
a singlethe
contactwith
a anchorin
Hinged
d with
by
the system
However,
10.0
to3the outboard
and a balancin
150 lb. Series:
hardware (mm) (Kg/Cm^2)
216axial
movement 8.
300 lb. ANSIHINGED
FW/VW
compresses
197
angular rotation,
1.3 associate
provide
and proper
can
movement
separated
0.05 accept
5 g bellows
thrust forces.
forces
available
d by hinge
8.1
flow section,
Weight
n joint
9
involved
* Formust
FF/VV
300 lb. Series: Steel
arebellows
spring
4
146 balancin
two
the flow bellows
OAL
restraine
5
nts
allows angular
expansio
to pressure
A pressure
have
1 of the
piping designer
nt.
Carbon Steel
joint
type
3 If
force.
end
Weight
on.
(Lbs.)
Carbon
n
A
WW
moveme
10.0
anchors
Joints
248
elbow
and
thrust
OAL
HINGES:
equipme
(In.)
ion
229
installati
5.0
COVERS: GIMBALS,
thrust.
thermal
0.04 outboard
6
Angular
pressure
Weightical
balanced
(Lbs.)
the adjacent
Expans
small
16.2
Steel
hinged expansio
3
pressure
movements
the
motion.
Lateral
OAL econom
(In.)
AUH
8
178
on the adjacent
Where
exposing
4
TIE RODS, Series Stainless
Rate
most
contain
angular
Axial
6
n, lateral
1
the
(Lbs.)
nts in
loaded with
3
is to
AU
without
Rate Spring
50
al Hinged
are279
300
10.0
length
(In.)
joint
Spring
SAL
5 1/4
rrent
designed
nts are imposed sion, axial extensio
very limited
133
11.3
LINERS:
overall
Univers
10
Spring Ratee n
0.03
(In.-Lb/Deg)
5
lateral moveme
Non-Concu
3.5
UNIVER
same amount
expansio
24.4 with
1
Effective
two moveme
1/4
Angularhardwar
3AH
(Lbs/In.)
spool
83 containbellows
12
compres
No. of
2
3
Lateral
d by hinge
accepts large7 1/4
extends the 1 Joints
6
a pipe
(Lbs/In.)
with
d
by
3accept axial
*
joint
Axial
Area
(Deg.)
n
restraine
1/2
HINGED
184
6
ionassociate
Nominal
9
165
to can
Convoseparated
(In.)
20.1
11
be
l expansio
0.21
forces
5
Expans
cm
Pressure
n joint
(In.)
bellows37
32.5
4148 forces.
designed
145
spring
4 1/2
Diameter
114rods
n joint can
16
598 spring
lutions hinged universa
expansio
2
tie
21
have two
Tied, AUT
7
1and type
low
10.0
n
3
A
l expansio
10.0 Universal
8 1/2
elbow
(In.)
216 spool
7 3/4
ion Joints
rod
0.05 with very
5
197
pipe
0.9
11
0.11
plane
by abalanced
0.32
These 5expansio
A two tie
pressure thrust. in
6.0
518
only. A universa
4 a single
18
force.
5 3/4AUH Expans
4
146 motion.
separated
299
2
10
thrust
to contain
7
equipment.
1 angular
movement4
10.0
10.0 bellows
9 3/4 al Hinged
9
designed
movements
adjacent
248limited
very
0.20
the pressure
3 Univers
229
3.7
odate lateral
12e
0.07
hardwar
0.64
6
pressure
e forces on
154
11.9
large lateral
5
8
to accomm
8
178
199
contain
d by2hinge 7
7
6
1
designed
2
10.0
4
force to minimiz
n joint5 accepts
50
11
10.0
1/4
279
0.45
2 restraine
140
8.3
l expansio
are generally
50
10
0.07
plane.
lateral spring98
0.96
6
a
65
10.5
forces.
Effective
joints
17.9
Effective
3
universa
12
3 1/4
12
150
a very low
2
7
hinged
n in a single
contract as
low spring
6
1
*
have
Area
and
4
very
Area
*
to
1/4
deflectio
7
of
184
6 1/2
0.79
18
171
designed
15.5
plane with 1/2
11
angular
0.37
1.28
7
, do not expand
5.7 in.
37 cm
24.8
8101
of the length
a single
16
250
4
AUH
130
also accept
16
1168
2
36
7
expansion
1
and, therefore
10.0
4
7.7 design can
tures
8 1/2 D AS
SAL HINGED
216
7 3/4
0.04
design must
9 RATINE
203
the thermal
0.7
the adjacent
tempera
12
0.18
UNIVER 1013
0.23
7
4.6
loads on
4
The bellows
31
As a result,
5 3/4
UNREST
4
162
584
2
18
or near 1ambient
reaction
8
at248
the pipe.
movement.
nts are in
10.0
SINGLE
5
10.0
9 3/4
very low9
0.15
6
are usually
235
2.9
as an axial
media within 9
the moveme
0.12
nts 7with 14
0.47
nt.
9.2
300
8
The12tie rods9
ture of the1
systems 8if
moveme
8
194
389
2
into the bellows 4 lateral moveme
large
2
10.0
50
hot piping
11
10.0
is forced
of the tempera 279 plates
5 1/2
0.33
odate very
6
137 specified
6.4
14
150
0.14
function 6
end
0.70
6 as the
21
accomm
Effective
175
Effective
13.8
AUH
for large2diameter
can413
12
3 7/8
accept the
89n as well
12
the tie rod
14
8
1
*
HINGED
Area
ge system
application
expansio
Area
4
* pipe
bellows to
between
SAL
7 1/4
184
6 3/4
0.61
attractive
32
168(universal)
A three-hin
on the adjacent
15
UNIVER
axial thermal
0.11
0.97
7double
5.7 in.
37 cm
loads 11.4
18.2
13999
76 this
16
5 1/8
This is a very
odate
with
16
2019
2
reaction
are in 7
e
single or
9
1
nts
of121
7.7
bellows
4
hardwarwith
equipment.
very low
10.0 accomm
8 1/2
8
216 consist
0.03
that
16
200
1.4
the moveme
16
if10.6
nts
0.06
0.18
and gimbal
nts.7 An oversize
chamber
1750
ion Joints
plane.
9
4
systems
6 3/8
bellows
4
152
1009
2
pressure
4 d Expans
large moveme
operates
the same
1 moveme
11
the
10.0
5
10.0
9 3/4
hardwarediameter hot piping
have19a single
an annular
odate very
248 lateral
n and
9 1/4
e Balance
0.11
11
232
5.5
and contain
n joint for
in
0.04
the
accomm
large
to create9
0.36
Pressur
518
ion3 Joints
21.3
3 extensio
8
sion,
on
7 5/8 cangimbal expansio
is2 used 184
to accept
8
673
In-Line
movements 65
2
compres
bellows elements
9
ge system
AG Expans
2
e applicati
pipe runs
10.0
4
*
l) bellows
11
axial
279
the flow bellows
thrust.aThe
5 3/8 odate angular
Gimbal 12 A three-hin
to link the
0.25
137 used in straight
(universa
induced
12.3
very attractiv
14
300
0.54
6
3.5
Effective
Effective
the area2 of 0.06 Tie rods are used 89
341
piping
rods
31.9
or double
This
12
3is1/2shaft to accomm
that cannot
to resist pressure
times
by tie
12
typically
nt.
806
e
nt
3a drive
d
4
single
two
are
9
of
1
bellows with
*
Area
force.
Area
designed
4
hardwar
ately
equipme
*
joints
7 l1/4
is restraine
thrust 0.22
184
that
6 5/8
0.45
joint on
10
An oversize
rotating equipme
21.2
canapproxim
Joints consist
15
expansion
and gimbal
to 168
5.7 in.
0.72
7
g pressure 148
41.3
4252 the universa same plane. 4 3/4
overall length 54 cm the tie rods
16
bellows
movements.
pressure chamber
16
419
or adjacentd Expansion
like
3
the 1/2
)121
e operates 15
s a balancin
the
9 the
except
1
pressure balanced
10.0
5
resistant
and lateral
have a single
an annular
Balance
10.0
8
offset so that
216
7 7/8
joint hardwar
0.05
5
thrust
and contain
nproduce
200 extension
one
1.0
in
15 bellows,
force. In-Line
Pressure
0.11
for lateral
0.42
8
ion Joints
have
7.6
pressure
531 plane.
used to create
any
expansio
elements
6
accept angular
4
19
In-Line
(non
can
4
movements anchors
designed
152 compression,
210
3 also
7
Joints
bellows is
AG
pressure thrust
The gimbal
2
pipe runs
design
12 Expans
the bellows
10.0
6
is usually
3/4
iate
the two
10.0
9ion
tie rod
odate angularintermed
248 induced axial
of the flow
9 1/8
0.21
Expans
thatthrust.
3
twopressure
232
loads.
3.9
used to link
tied single 19 Gimbal
used in straight that cannot
0.14 piping
0.84
9 area
the
AUT
157AT
force.to A
ls except
15.3
resist
ly applied
8
11
between
thrust.4A 7 1/4
Tie rods are
to to accomm 8
typically
184times
thrust
two
universa
L AG* Tied140Single
10
external
joint shaft
SAL TIED
9
force.
a drive
2
pressure
designed
2.5
ately
65
joints are
equipment
5
pressurehinged
large
11
GIMBA
thrust
10.0
UNIVER 0.11 approxim
joint on n
with
279
5 3/8
0.48
to contain 5
146
with the to the 14
8.7
expansion
to rotating
50
of thel expansio
g pressure
operate
Effective
1.26
9
Effective
10.5
loaded
133
designed
22.5
the universa
5
are similar
12
and
3 1/2
or adjacent
likeability
108
12
210
s a balancin
3
7
Joints
pressure balanced
9
Area
1
*
ent is the
Area
resistant)
5
ion
produce
*
fully engaged
7 1/4
184
6 5/8plane.
0.83
arrangem
19plane.
178 pressure thrust
remain
force. In-Line
15.4
15 any
8.3 in.
0.42
1.63
54 cm
AUG Expans
10
e of this
30.0
ed
single
16
289
4 3/4
140 anchors (non
16
819 n 8304
in aThe
advantag
3
pressure thrust
29
1
11
al Gimbal
10.0 deflectiotype.
6
iate
7.6 two
8 1/2 angular
that the
216
7 7/8
Univers
0.04
9
210 loads.
gimbal
ent
18
weight on
0.21 between intermed
0.30
11ly applied
ls5.4except0.7
4
36
to 14
independ
joints are
AG6
n
excessive
4
171
universa
L
409 nts1038
and
external
joint
4
n
exert
2
12
expansio 0.15
10.0moveme
7
can
10.0
with large
9 3/4GIMBA
248
system such
9 1/8
to the hinged
the expansio
13
241
2.8
of 10.9
spool that
21
0.28 operate
0.60 large lateral
13
a support
615
ability
are similar
8 accept
21
7 1/4
the
8
203
heavy center
546
4
19
ent is the
lateral loads,
2
12 Joints
2.5
65
ion
weight of
10.0plane.
11
has a very
10.0
arrangem
279
excessive
5 3/4
MATERIAL
0.34in any
9
the dead
nts
6.2
20 Expans
from
150
AUG
0.21 l expansion joint
Effective
BELLOWS
e of this
0.89
21
Effective
259
16.1
ES
9
to support
12 moveme
4 1/4ed
advantag
12
409
3
14
Area
al Gimbal
elements
bellows elements bellows
Area
12
321
*
a universa
*
the ACCESSORI
type. The
7 1/4
7
NO. CONS
0.61
gimbal
37 Univers
ent angular
Sometimes
11.1
C individual
21
are
8.3 in.
. To protect
53 cm
1.18
PRESSURE
21.5
16186
16
23
n joints
5 1/2
8
ENDS elements
16
1612
across the
3
nts and independ
14
expansio
7.6
STYLE
the bellows
10.5
8 1/2
8 1/4
0.03
hardware
18
can be installed
lateral moveme
NOM I.D.
24
WW
0.21
by hinge
2023
4
6 3/4
ATas a slotted hinge
accept large 4
806
EXAMPLE
single
restrained
plane.
16
50m
10.0
13 nt in a
9 3/4 nts in any
PART NUMBER
9 1/2
0.11
25 moveme
moveme
overall length
28
0.43
1199
8
Metric
8
angular
center spool.
bellows with
1074
4
2.5
L AUG11
10.0
n joint allows
MATERIAL
have a single
0.25
GIMBA18
BELLOWS
300
SAL 506
Effective
0.63
ES
Joints AH
hinged expansio
12
UNIVER
ACCESSORI
806
11
321
Area
thrust. A
Expansion
*
NO.
ATCONS
low reaction
Hinged
0.44
C
odate pressure
SINGLE
8.2 in.
PRESSURE
with very
0.85
8
16
ENDS TIED
to accomm
systems
movements
designed
STYLE
150
very large
hot piping
NOM I.D.
WW
accommodate
large diameter
AT
can
for
EXAMPLE
plane.
on
2
and a hinge
PART NUMBER
e applicati SAL GIMBAL AUG
of two gimbals
very attractiv
English
UNIVER
This is a
consisting
low reaction
A system
equipment.
a single plane.
nts with very
and not in
the adjacent
systems
on
moveme
loads
large
are complex
hot piping
22
odate very
movements
diameter
can accomm
even if the
on for large
and a hinge
e applicati
g of two gimbals This is a very attractiv
12
consistin
A system
equipment.
a single plane.
and not in
the adjacent
loads on
are complex
movements
10
even if the

2.5" SIZE
2" AND
any nonedition for
EJMA 7th
METAL cycle life is 2000 cycles per
step 5.
tabulated.
to page 20,
N JOINTS
1. Rated
axial
movement movements, refer
tabulated
concurrentD)
EXPANSIO TRUCTION
is 50% of
axial, lateral
movement
SINGLE
5 or
2. To combineaxial extension
(CONTINUE
bellows
OF CONSspecify alternate
page 20, step
ONS
3. Maximum
To ICATI
life refer to
MATERIALS A240 T304.
bellows
s or cycle
APPL
page 19.

MODIFY CYCLE LIFE EXAMPLE


20 convolutions would be required if the required cycle life were 5000. The
catalog movements for a 12 150 PSIG expansion joint with 20 convolutions
are 3.39 available axial compression, 1.42 available lateral offset. The
calculation for 5000 cycles using the above example would be:1/(.801*3.39) +
.5/(.801*1.42) = .37 + .44 = .81 or 81% of the available movement. Twenty
convolutions works for a required cycle life of 5000. (see pages 22-53)

ATIONS]-
-[ APPLIC

12

20

If spring rate is the limiting design


factor, select the convolution count
that results in a total force that is less
than the required amount for lateral
and axial movements. Keep in mind
that pressure thrust must be added to
the axial spring force for a single
expansion joint that has axial
compression even if limit rods are
specified. To calculate the pressure
thrust force, multiply the area of the
bellows times the operating pressure.
The affective area for any design is
located under the pressure class on
each page of design data. For the
above example assuming 16
convolutions, the pressure thrust is
150*153 = 22,950 pounds. The axial
spring force is 1*1861 = 1861 pounds.
The lateral offset force is .5*2766 =
1383 pounds. (see pages 22-53)
13

13

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:45 PM

Page 21

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINT ]-


Choose the type of each end fitting required (W for weld end, F for forge
flange, P for plate flange, A for angle flange, V for van stone flange) using
the illustrations at the top of each odd numbered data pages 22-53. Review
the bill of material information at the top of each even numbered pages 2253 to understand the standard flange rating, weld end thickness, and materials of
construction that will be applied.

STEP
3

See pages 16, 17 and 18


for references on pressure
ratings and dimensions
for various flanges. See
pages 87 through 89
for available pipe
schedules.

-[PIPE

S AND
ERTIE
PROP
]-
-[PIPE
IGHTS
]-WE
TSD
S AN
TIEIGH
ERWE
OPD
S AN
E PR
PIPTIE
-[ER
PROP
MAX

Section
Moment
Modulus
of
3 Z
Cross
l
inches
Inertia4 I
Sectiona
Inside
Metal A inches
Minimum s Diameter
36.50
d sq. inches
Average
Wall Thicknes
255
45.00
inches
(=7/8t)
Wall
10.8
315 Weight 53.30
Weight
tm
s
of
tion
inches
l
13.4
Thicknest
13.500
373
61.40
e
Designa
Nomina
inches
Schedul
0.219
13.375 Radius 16.1 Pipe ft.429 Waterft.69.10
of
and/or
Size Outside
r
18.7lb. per
0.273
484lb. per
80.30
0.250
Section13.250
Number
Weight
Diameted
Moment0.328
Gyrationg21.2
13.125
562
84.10
6.40
0.312
of
Modulus
T
10
of
inches
3 Z
Cross
inches 25.0 3.92 589
0.382
98.20
Radius
l
Pipe
0.375
6.17
inches 13.000
Water
20
Inertia
Sectiona
ft. 4 0.438
of 0.438 lb. per
112.00
Inside
I lb. per ft. 12.814 1.56 26.3 5.61 687
5.51
30
r
Metal A inches 0.519
MinimumStd.s Section
Moment
31.2
1.25 12.750 1.55
781
118.00
0.500
Diameted Gyration
10.8
4.98
Modulus
Thicknes
14.000
of
Tg
Cross 14" Wall
sq. inches
Average
3 Z
XS
2.81 0.5470.0321.76 12.500 1.51 36.1
825
inches
0.593
inches
15.0
40
4.47 133.00
inches
0.186
1.15
38.4
0.6560.025
12.250
930

5 PSIG

(=7/8t)
Wall
Sectional
Inertia
WeightInside
4 tm
service <5.
E
Metals
tion
inches I
l Minimum
low pressure
t A inches
e d Thicknes
DesignaDiameter
n joints.
for
Nomina
Average
inches
PRESSUR
Wall Thickness
inches
sq.
Schedul
0.073
inches
0.0009
l expansio
ical flanges
Wall
and/or
Size Outside
LOW
Weight
universa
r (=7/8t)
0.105
0.055
Econom
Number
and tm
0.083
0.0011
ion
Diamete
Thickness
tot single
5S
0.307
Designat
d inches
Nominal
FLANGES
0.207
0.072
0.120
0.0012
below.
Schedule
inchesinches
be added
10S
0.269
Canbeen
Size Outside and/orhas
ANGLE
0.295
example0.043
0.002
0.237
Number
number
0.049
0.060
40S
Diameter below
0.215

Radius
of
Gyrationg
T
inches

Pipe
ft.
lb. per

shown
ons data
ds for easy
The dimensi from current standar
consolidated
reference.

Choose the working pressure


required. If the required pressure
is between one of the listed
values, use the higher of the two values
listed in the catalog. If the required pressure
is above the highest value listed, indicate the
required pressure in the part number and
the factory will custom design an expansion
joint for the application.

36.7
45.7
54.6
63.4
72.1
84.9
89.3
106
123
131
151
170
189

4.86
4.84
4.82
4.80
4.78
4.74
4.73
4.69
4.65
4.63
4.58
4.53

Weight
of
Water
ft.
lb. per
62.0
60.6
59.7
58.6
57.5
55.9
55.3
53.1
51.1
50.0
47.5
45.0
42.6

4.48
3.96
147.00
81.7
3.21
1.48
19.0
0.127 0.625
4.02
0.245
1030
1.65
160.00
42.1
7.23 0.7660.0164.27 12.125 1.45 44.3
80.5
22.5
0.122 0.750
3.38
0.315
1120
5.57
52.3
3.17
79.1
0.875
9.61 0.820
5.18 11.814 1.42 50.1
27.5
0.115
5.55
48.0
62.6
76.5
0.937
4.41
11.7 0.9560.0575.90 11.500 1.37 55.6
9.73
384
5.53
59.3
82.8
74.1
1.093 0.33013.3 1.0940.0456.79 11.188
5.59
0.169
9.53
12.4 6.35
474
5.48
70.3
103
73.4
1.250 0.42515.3 1.2300.031
6.62
0.163 1.406 0.535
8.66
15.500 1.93 15.4 7.77
562
5.44
91.5
108
71.5
part
0.382
8.10
0.337
0.0028
See 10S
40
d
0.155
7.88
0.2190.1012.50 15.376 1.92 18.4 14.6
732
5.43
0.068 steel.
inches
0.083
112
Std.on request.
122
69.7
80S
carbon
0.465
0.097
0.438
6.95
0.0033
80
3.03 15.250 1.88
4.500
40S :
24.4 20.8
0.273
894
5.40
7.09
117
136
0.095
69.1
XS
0.250 0.423
40Material
4" are available
0.410 =
0.0835.45
0.590
0.125
1.87
flanges
0.531
8.43 0.328
Std.
0.0038
#H & HD
80S
15.000 1.84 30.2 27.0
933
5.37
angle 120
131
0.217 0.312 0.568
141
6.33
66.1
0.057
0.405
80Other materials
0.364
10
0.0617.43
5.345
0.157
2.29
XS
1/8"
0.674
15.2 0.438
160
0.0174
14.750 1.80 31.6 33.0
1050 5.62 145
length using0.077
5.36
165
62.6
0.209 0.375 0.739
20
0.302
overall0.065
0.095
5.295
4.30
20.7 0.547
2*L.XX
The
0.0059
9.25 14.688 1.76
35.9
10S
1160
5.29
0.0216
149
Single
192
58.6
38.6
0.199 0.500
0.088
30
Inches + 0.104
T
0.15410.80 14.500
0.117 Std.
5.047
0.124
6.110.625
0.109
25.7 0.574
and duct flanges.
0.0073
40.1
1190 14.0 171
5.23
40S
data
1.72
224
e
55.9
0.0255
OAL the60.119
O.D.
40
40WW from
0.671
5S
0.545
optimum pipe
0.13212.10 14.314
0.226 XS
4.813
0.167 16" 16.000
7.95
0.134
30.0 0.655
41.6
Std. length 80S
0.0086
1370 13.7 195
5.17
245
elevated temperatur
5.37
0.269 0.656 0.851
selecting the
BC
0.057
0.540 overall
80
10S Holes 0.217
0.493
0.101
0.328
4.563
ns. Where
9.70
XS
14.250 2.30 48.5
0.258
1560
5.12
33.6 0.738
220
104
Flange)
designers in
Bolt
0.0341
by1/4"
9.29
60
0.261 0.750 1.09
12.5
0.065
0.080
code versus
40S
0.423
L flange specificatio
0.0743.58 13.938
0.438
Number
4.313
to aid system
0.766
1760
11.3
237
0.375
47.4
OAL adjust. 10S
103
0.0143
40
with ASME
2.30 56.6
the FF (Flange
0.0407
19.0
applicable
0.250 0.843 1.30
11.3
summary is
0.091
0.110
Std.
80S
labeled FF
65.8
0.022 4.35 13.564
0.547
4.063
1890
0.197
6.28
Hole Size0.500
59.0
in accordanceplate flanges, use
101
0.875
11.9 0.902
0.0171
of Holes
80
flange data
obtained from
40S
5.56.3
2.25
80
0.0478
28.6
the column
0.240
10.3
Approx.
0.126
down rated
5"
40
uses
6.25
0.655
61.0
BoltXSCircle120 0.674(Inch) 0.625
70.6
0.250
99.7
e ratings were
1.031 1.72 14.4 1.066
2.23
shown in
This abbreviated
Std.
0.0201
8.50 13.124 2.20 72.1
FF OAL Adjust
80S
0.0527
ambient was of an assembly that
36.4
0.219
at
9.16
amount
temperatur
0.073
0.675
80
at
0.622
1.258
549
6.23
Weight
75.5
82.2
98.9
0.288 12.20 12.814
6.407
1.218
0.320
pressure
by the
2.73
(Inch) 160
XS
3/8"
0.750
F)
28.1
12
0.0221
100
2.15
length
0.0577
Pres.
8.14
0.083
0.095
working pressure
13.9 45.3
679
rated working
6.21
0.546
89.6
93.5
96.9
overall lengthAT TEMPERATURE (DEG. s
1.438 0.68440.5 1.394
0.095
0.266 15.00
6.357
(Lbs.)
the overall
5.58
800
120
13/32 0.384
0.0243
Catalog Des. 10S
2.10
available, the
0.349 1.593 0.857
To select
17.3 53.2
0.109
0.129
807
XXS
6.19
Dimension 700 Angle
104
105
0.466
95.4
overall catalog RATING (PSIG)
16 0.117
L 150
0.231 17.80 17.500
6.065
0.504
Wt.
8.40
140
0.109
49.6
13/16
data was not
40S
2.06
15
0.0467
Plate Flange600
PRESSURE
adjust the
factors.
0.343
24.1
20.8
0.219
932
500
6.17
0.147
50
117
0.164
HD
116
40
92.6
5S 13/32
1.13
0.252
Thickness
0.245
0.187 20.00 17.376
WORKING
5.761
160
7
10.7
0.134
pages and
59.0
400
e correction
Std.
0.0245
80S
(Lbs.)H
0.0566
24.2 9.91
0.273
17.250
16
0.334 0.250 1.47
1050 23.6 130
6.15
Nominal
138
89.9
0.187
0.258
300
0.840
80 1/2 -3/4
temperatur
10S
46
(Inch)
Actual ID
18 1/8
0.378
0.128
5.501
0.201
13.3
T
(Inch)
BC
0.280
XS
1/2"
1
66.3
200
0.0297
62
0.0706
NOMINAL
0.328
-3/4 160
17.124 3.01 27.5 13.4
1170 22.5 143
6.10
0.321 0.312 1.94
160
88.5
#H
0.294
T Diameter
40S 13/32 0.252
80
9.5
10
0.492
0.064 6.13
(Inch)
5.189
(20) TO 100
15.6
0.432
40 0.920
4 1 1/2
0.0370
20
98(Inch)
-1
0.382
0.0853
17.000 3.00 30.8 22.4
1290 22.2 168
6.06
OD
I.D.
171
83.7
0.304 0.375 2.44
20
Std.1/8
0.057
80S
20
1 3/4
3/4
116
0.628
4.897
0.333
3/16
(Inch) (Inch)
80 0.884 13/320.562
26.5 0.438
XXS -1
0.0448
8.21 16.876 2.96
SLIP ON FLANGES
6.625
34.1 24.7
1520 21.7 192
6.04
0.100
208
134
79.1
4
Nominal
0.284 0.438
10.5
0.0656"
XS
0.073
5 1 3/4
0.824
(Inch)
200.0527
152
0.756 Std.
38
0.478 13.40 16.750
0.434
2.92
0.718
35.4 0.492
1/8*
14 3/16
40.6
-1 5S
1730 20.8 204
22 1/8 120
5.97
2.95
244
75.3
4 3/4
51
0.110
0.500
28.6
175 Pipe Size
3/4
30
0.083
0.099
3/16
0.742 9/160.864
-1 1/8 1 3/4
67
0.409 14.70 16.500
8.407
5/8
14
0.570 18" 18.000
3.940.562 0.863 57.7 0.547
4
47.1
160
1830 19.8 242
0.0579
5.90
11.6
274
70.9
2.94
10S
L.W.
3/4
TO 12
6
35.6
1
83
6
6
125
0.443
1/4
20
0.113
0.135
1/4
1.40
1/8
0.614
16
CLASS
-1
0.095 XS
8.329
0.374 16.80 16.250
24
99
0.718
5 1/2
6.58
63.4 0.656
2180
5.84
3/4
278
309
2.91 50.2
2
0.076
3/16
43.4
-1 1/4 1403/4 40S
40
18.8
0.428 0.625 1.68
MATL. A-105
115
5/8
0.154
XXS
16
0.191
4
0.434 9/16 0.109
0.130
12.8
8.125
0.311 20.60 16.126
7.260.750
8 1 3/4
2500
5.77
131
306
72.5 0.766
80
FORGED STEEL
7
129
Std.
2.88 61.2
240.0500
3/8
0.115
50.9
6
-180S
18 1/4
17.6
0.420
110
26 1/8
150
0.218
0.270
1.050
5S
3/4
0.219
8.071
0.226 24.50 15.688 2.85 71.8
2750
3/8 1803/4
0.255
336
8.40
52.7
126
-1 XS
3/4"
0.875 2.17 88.3 0.820
3/16
140
0.0757
2 1/2
5/8
9/16 0.148
60
8
18
0.133
60.6
L.W.
14
0.407
0.308
8 1 3/4
14 TO 96
170
10S
160
1.185
3020 16.7
6.98
0.242
7.984
0.122 28.10 15.250 2.81 80.7
78.6
7 1/2
AWWA 125
240.0874
0.413
123
10.5
0.937 2.84 106 1.012
-1/2*
7
0.250
20 1/4
200
28 1/2
0.161
3/4
16.1
0.387
1 3/4
3
D MATL. A-105
0.057
-1/2*
230
3.66 121 1.203
1.097 9/16 0.277
90.8 67.8
3/16
14.876
6.94
75.7
5/8
CLASS
104
0.282
120
7.813
1.156
0.494
8
12.8
20
XXS
20
32.60
80
0.106
260
80
C207-54T
2.78
17.3
11 1 3/4
0.190
72.4
15.8
0.361 1.375
8 1/2
0.065
0.095
28 0.355
1.367
757
6.90
111
285
123
120
22 1/4 110
7 1/2
7.625
0.80 35.60 14.438 2.76
0.639
15.0
30 1/2 30 1.049
2-3/8*
7/8
0.322
141
100
0.125
130
-3/8*
5S
0.214
3 1/2
3/16
5/8
8
15.5 74.7
FORGED STEEL
0.109
1110
0.116
6.86
40S 9/16 0.836
146
22
129
0.957
117
1 TO 24
1.562 1.11 154 1.558
150
0.438
7.439
0.71 37.60
2
12
17.8
18.5
9
120
0.406
CLASS 150
2.75
10S
180
280.141
1/2 40 0.815
0.56
8 1/2
24 1/4
23.1
1460 37.4 170
6.85
0.133
7/8
0.157
154
115
32Std.
2-1/4*
A-105
1.781 1.81 162
4
0.519
210
7.189
0.65 38.50 19.500
-1/4*
140
1.08
19.9
3/4
60
3/16
8.625
8
40S
9/16 0.500
0.125
240
24
ANSI B16.5 MATL.
410
30.6 15.2
19.250
1700 36.9 179
0.55
6.81
20 8"
166
23
113
0.179
0.219
2
80S
40
10
2.27 166 0.219
0.628
160
7.001
0.56
-1/8*
275
21.3
0.593
320.104
Std.
9 1/2
1/2 80 0.599
26 1/4 535
3.75
7/8
80S
0.193
18.7
34
2
STEEL
36.2
0.328
19.000
550
1790
6.79
210
35.7
5
179
0.54
109
-1/8*
0.250
XS
96
0.250
0.313
1.315
80
3.00
3/4
FORGED
3/16
0.711
8
6.875
0.46 11.90
0.33
22.0
26 TO
600
9/16 0.718
XS
1"
26
100
0.161
30
CLASS 125
0.438
2
11
18.814 3.74 38.0 28.0
2100 34.9 226
0.235
21.3
6.77
209
103
635
0.375 3.76
0.52
0.358
160 -5/8*
10
320.195
1
11 3/4
0.766
6.813
28 1/4
0.27 14.30
E MATL. A-105
0.53
0.812
655
63.7 0.519
36 1/2 120 1.530
2
6
-5/8*
18.750 3.71 45.4 34.2
2260 34.1 241
1
6.72
0.29120
256
98.3
0.500 5.22
0.51
675
3/16
C207-54T CLASS
12
550
0.057
1.442 9/16 0.875
28
0.793 Std.
43
0.67
4.52
2
76.9 0.547
710
-2
22.5
740
XXS
140
21.20 18.500 3.69
48.9
13 1/2
2410 32.3 277
6.63
296
92.6
0.34230
0.593
40.5
360.242
1
14 1/4
0.47
73030 1/4
0.065
0
0.095
1.380
38 1/2
2
8
1.07 25.60 18.376 3.67
1
FORGED STEEL
5.490.625
0.88
114 0.655
XS 0.41110.482
52.6
1 TO 24
2770 31.1 323
800
6.56
0.284
20" 20.000
12
341
3/16
87.8
5S
54.7
9/16 0.906
CLASS 300
30
40
63
XXS
16
0.109
0.123
845
1.27 138 0.711
2
23.8
1.278
1/2
0.117
10.420
-2
0.96
17
8.26
1.11
A-105
61.4
18.250
3320
6.48
1/4
160
36
376
29.90
379
0.341
1/8
875
0.750
3.63
0
32
1
64.3
40 1/2
2 10S
30.70
10
0.65
1
0.140
0.167
900
ANSI B16.5 MATL.
1.160 9/16 0.134
12
0.144
10.250
0.88 39.40 17.938 3.60 75.3
3/16
10.10.812 2.09 161 0.766
1.53
3760
6.41
422
188
76
32 3/4
19
990
40S
0.166
67.5
2
24.6
5/8*
29.5
0.63
0.191
0.219 1/2
5S
40
0.896
18
400.1580.219
10.136
0.77 45.50 17.438 3.59 87.2
4220
1 1/8
11.9
459
34 1/4
63.4
0.165
184
0.875 2.72 212 0.902
+1/2
FORGED STEEL
12
Std.
42
2 80S
1 TO 24
0.26060
76.9
1 1/4
29.1
16
0.62
CLASS 400
3/16
0.250
10S9/16 0.38
0.334
80
1.660
90
0.269
4590
34 1/4
8.40
10.020
21
0.61 47.60 17.000 3.56 100
94.6
16.1
180
1.031 3.63 245 1.121
-1*
0.250
XS
1 1/4"
2
26.2
A-105
80.1
0.326
21
27.9
400.2470.319
0.61
1 1/4
0.382
36 1/4
+1/2 160 2
14
8.35
110
44 1/2 20 1.770
125
9.750
178
ANSI B16.5 MATL.
0.41 53.20 16.500 3.55 112
1.281 4.87 256 1.313
18.9
0.61
0.307
1 1/4
16
0.310
3/16
89.2
0.41280
27.5
9/16
106
0.58
36
1/2
0.057
1.531
16.064
1320
8.31
23
1.682
162
141
2
176
27.5
-1 1/2*
1.500 6.41 286
9.564
19.9
0.80
0.365
22 3/4
XXS
55.10
440.3910.438
1 1/4
3.52
#H & HD
-1/2
0.508100
38 1/4
16
0.55
46 1/2 30 1.610
2
18.7 92.3
1.722
1940 26.0
0.065
40S
8.29
0.095
1 1/2
213
156
174
20
1.750
0.519
9.500
1.72 60.30
22.6
1.07
3/16
120
296
40
120
9/16 0.500
25
0.483
38 25
5S
0.598
3 1/2
2
28.8
23.500 3.51 27.8 104
2550 24.6 237
8.27
0.109
171
0.127Std.
172
1.968 1.60 324
1 3/8
9.314
440.5680.547
1.58 62.00
140
23.6
1.43
-1/2
0.593
18
40 1/4
60 1.500
2 10S
10.750 48 1/2
1 1/2
20
23.250 3.47 36.9 116
2840
8.25
0.82
261
186
166
0.145 10"
80S
0.175XS
3/16
2.64 333 0.219
133
T
0.628
9.250
160
1.45 68.40
4027 1/4
26.2
1.89
27 1/2
80 1.338 9/16 0.625
30
2
40S
0.265
O.D.
0.328
23.000 3.43 41.4
3140 52.5 285
8.22
1 3/8Size
238
0.80
158
0.250 3.65
48
0.200
0.246
20
40 2
1/2
42 1/4
1.100
0.655
9.064
50
1.28
B16.5
27.1
1 1/2
0.718
368
20
300
74.30
Std.
Inch
0.315
WT 3/16
Class
80S
45.9 19.6
0.438
22.875
3420 52.2 309
0.420
8.15
296
149
0.375 5.02
0.79
BC
11/16 0.750
4229
0.281
29 1/2
0.350
80
1.900
10
1/2
9.000
2
31.5
0.97
30.6
0.47
399 0.492
XS
1 1/2"
100
#H HD Lbs.
480.4990.738
22.750 4.45 50.3 24.2
3710 51.1 388
8.07
22
367
0.56120
141
0.500 7.45
BC44 1/4
0.77
1 1/2
53 1/2
0.400
L
-5/81602
2.245
s 6 3/16
L
11/2
0.77 20.30 22.625 4.44
34.0
T
0.78
32 WT
Class 150 B16.5
54.8
0.6660.766 Std.0.731 8.750
0.547
4650 49.7 473
7.96
429
11/16 0.843
134
44
OD
33.4
0.562 9.03
Dimension
54
0.73
4 7/8
2
7
0.057
8.500
41/246 1/4
24.000
HD Lbs.
24
1.07
0.875
psig
129 0.601
1202.157
22.00 22.500 4.42
70.0
XXS -1
5670 49.0 571
7.87
0.8680.875 XS 0.97930
24"52
13/16Flange
483
300
7 3/4 2
127
0.625
55 1/2
3
43.8
BC #H
16
0.70
0.065
L
0.095
88 3/4
61/8 13/46
2.06711/16 1.000
3/16
2.50
6.520.687
5
1.48
3
141 0.656
T
6850 48.5 652
7.79
30.00 22.064 4.39 87.2
5/8
542
5/16
57
1.16 0.984
21/2
WT
9
3
5S
Class 125 L.W
49.6
1.10
1
7
OD
10
7
4
8
/
7
1/4
0.109
56
8
5
0.135
/
1/2
3 /8
12.420
7/8
61
2.36
7.110.750 2.48 192 0.847
2.19
7/8 3
1.125
7820
57 1/2
7.70
719
HD Lbs.
1401.939
29.00 21.564 4.38 108
294
-1 3/8 3 10S
1.31
5
57/848 8 8
3/4
53.5
11/16
40
Size
47.0
BC #H
11/2
0.99
13 1/4
0.154
0.191
11/16 2.66
4 1/2
48
1
5
L
0.144
12.390
8630
2.08
9.82
11
3
788
59.7
43/4
98.9
291
8 7/8
0.968 3.53 249 1.066
T
1601.689
43.80 20.938 4.37 126
71/2
6 3/4
1
65.4
1/2
60
7
0.494
65/850 1/4
7/8
OD
Inch
46.0
3/4
0.98
0.218
0.300
63 1/2
-1 1/4 40 3 40S
1.503
17 7/831/4
0.158
2 51/2
12.250
9460
10.5
4
/8 5 111/16
6
119
12.9
1.84
286
1150
1.218 5.79 279 1.340
47.10 20.376 4.33 142
Std.
0.710
8 8 7/8
811/4
80S
73.2
0.68760
11/16 0.165
45.0
11/8
8
71/4
15
7/8
5S
3/4
0.343
3
0.382
68.2
2.375
80
10.5
214
12.090 0.95 14.6
157
13/4
284
1.531 7.66 300 1.586
1.54
3/16 6 5/8
22 7/8 4
0.73
0.180
68 0.9880.219
4 7 1/2
7
XS1/2
2"
56.70 19.876 4.31 159
11/2
52 1/4
6
80.9
1.06 80
69 1/2
-1
8 8 7/8
0.92
16
19 1 152 17/8
0.436
2
13/1/2
19.314
3210 44.0
1603
77/8
10.4
11
10.0 362 1.804
255
2.70910S
1/4
177
3/4
0.289
281
5
12.000
15/16
1.812
15.7
1.07
1.04
0.250
11/16
100
62.80
1
28
1.53
4.29
8 8 1/4
19
2
1 /4 7 1/4
7 /2
3
76.7
1.34
7
10
8 7/8
29.1 88.5
3830 43.0
10.4
0.0731/2
336
196
76 1.93 0.328
277
2.062 13.7 401 2.050
11/4 3
11.938 0.89 19.2
91/4 54 1/4
13
3/4
0.330
1.70
6
120
15/16
-1 1/2 3
75
20 2.635
68.80
2
XXS
39 7/81/4
1.64
8
/8
1 1/811
1354
81/2
21/2
29.376 4.27 34.9 96.2
5040 41.6 376
10.4
234
0.083
0.105
71/2
2.343
12 8 7/8
0.355
5
11.750 0.84 21.5
24
140
3.78
0.375
2.25
439
3
15/16
30 2.46913/16
15
74.50
119.3
7/98
15/16
2.00
21/16 10 /8 60 1/4 1
7 7/8
88 2.35 0.438
7
58 7/8 8
29.250 4.25 46.3 107
5640 41.1 415
10.3
8
3
9
0.120
0.178
-1 1/8
3.03 475 0.273
87 1/2
3 5S
2.32340S
11.626
81/2
160
32.8
3.61
0.406
2.95
121/2 1 /16
80.20 29.000 4.22
16
1/4
2.87
13 12 8
137/1/2
19 1 1/8
7/8
10S
7/16
15/16
10
52.0 111
0.328
6220 39.3 492
13/16
34
0.312 4.33
10
0.203
81
0.242Std.
3
8
/8 9 21/4
12
0.492
10
141.9
1560
11.500 1.21 26.0
31/2
3.20
0.500
4.03
511 0.438
40 2.125
15
88.10 28.875 4.21
1/4 11/8
7/8 12
1/4 66 16
7/8
100
12.750 99 1/2
40S
57.6
-1
125
7380
0.744
1 9/16 4 9 /
30 1 1/4
37.5
15
3
7/8
5
0.375
1.20
12"
80S
1
8
/
0.276
0.328
40
2
10
7.58
1.771
0.547
12
11.376
8
8
28.3
4
2.86
11
562 0.492
17/66
90.80 28.750 4.17
49
13/16 0.562
Std.
1.30
113/4
11
68.9 140
16 11/4 115 13/8
80S
171/2
13
3/4
1.04
3
34.9
0.50010.3
7/8
164.5
13/4
5/8
43
0.375
0.483 XS
2.875
14
1
11.250 1.16 31.5
8
11/8
108 1.82 0.601
2.34
-1XS3/4 80 3
0.625
0.89
579 0.547
5 141/4 12
60
101.0028.500 4.13
210 27/8 17 172 5/16
2 1/2"
5
91/2
111 1/2
131/2
1
1/2
11/4 165
160
0.562
1.72 20
11/4
18
3/8
9/16
7/8
0.552
160
14.3
115/16
64 1 20 /2
3.33413/16
66
0.655
11.064 1.14 32.6
72 133 20 /4 2012 3
16
1/2
1.80
1
0.687
1.27
642 0.655
11
8
13/16
110.00
3
3.02
4.07
187.3
0.625
6
16
21/8
113/4
2.23
17 1212
5/16
120 30.000
-1 3/4
23
11/4
1/2
2016 1 /8 1901 1/8 18
0.073
26
12
9/16
18.6
11.000 1.09 36.9
3
123
2 3/16 6
1
90 1 1/2
0.750
2.23
701
80 2.360
123.00
30" 3.90 0.738
XXS
/8
0.750
11/4
31/4 22 /84
131/2
2.88 30
4
8
12 1115
102
3/4
19
21/84
141/4 12
1.05
13/16 3.02
1/2
13/8 250 1/43/8
0.083
0.105
18
3.068
0.766
3
1/4
11/4
24
10.750
25
42
1/4
3
209.9
41.1
11/16
5.00
0.843
781
4
-2
/
15
2
1
98
24
1
20
132 5.04
8
16
1/2
3.43
13/8
11/8
31/2
96 5/16
3 5S
135
17 12
0.120
1 3/4
21
10
0.189
23/8
3.47
16 3/8 315
0.875
10.500
47.1
211/4 16 17 1/2
3/8
28
4.81
0.875
11/4
4.21
44
1002.90013/16
132
5.99
21/2
27 24 1
96 33/4
10S
130
11/8
3
19 11/16
232.5
17/16
0.216
-2
0.263
3701 1/422
4.97
58
2.624
0.983
16 11/4
10.126 1.39
34
12
21/217 3/4
183/4 12
231/2
4.28
1.000
5.47
1/2
108243/8
11/4
3012/2
58
3/4
3 40S
147
0.980
20 1 /
211/1610 22 /
165
1/4
11/8
1.37
24
3/8
0.300
4 291/4
0.382
21
40
9.11
175
1.149
3.85
1.125
/8 20 1/4
20 20 11/2
25 1 9/16
14
25108
211/4 16
1202.300
15/8 4751 3/8
Std. -2
3
1.96
33
255.1
80S
11/4
59
1.38
3/4
1.34
27/812 25
32120243/8
0.438
0.525
11/4
3.500
80 3
2
11
12.5
26
/8 185
231/2
2.53
43/16
1.312
3/4
1.02
20
140
XS
3"
20 1323
1/4
16
2.76
2
223/4 16
271/2 1 /16
3/8
2.39
226
27
36
1
11/4
1.31
69
3/4
8
1
0.600
120
3/
22.9
3.834
/4
3
13
22 1/2
1.46
25
160
1 3/828
-2 1/2 160
14 291/2 20 13/8 220 2 1/4
25 20 1
18
87
3.14
Material4.79
291/2 1 /16
132 3/8
1.21
24
11/4
0.073
76
3/4
3.760
Bellows
31/4
2.68
3/8
265
13/8
30
XXS
6.28
17/8
25 1/2
271/2
4.93
132
s
32
20
271/4 20
24 3/4
0.083 of
0.105
1 3/8
-2 1/2
13/4
16 125
115
Class
3.68
Accessorie 3.548
1
Number
304L
9.85
13/8
144 3/8
32
24
5S
/8 270 2 1/2
291/2
28 1328
0.120 ns
326
0.198
22
291/2 20
3.364
6.72
13/4
144 27
125
= Cover)
1
37/1618 34
Convolutio
10S
1 5/834
-2 7/8
32
Liner, C
13/8 305 2 1/2
24 13/8
21/16
3/4
0.226
0.278
1/2
=
2.728
28
(L
24
31
24
36
3
36
4
/
Pressure 40S
1
140
394
3/8
1
31/2
10
30 1/2
0.318
0.557
40
21/8
341/4
29 1/4
34 28 1
1 5/836
26
383/4
Ends
Std.
20
80S
13/4
150
2 3/4
3/8
1
24
0.636
805
4.000
38
Nominal
361/2
33
XS
3 1/2" flange)
Style
36 28 1
28
32
13/4
205
1
22
15/8
40
Diameter
(A = angle
15/8 450 2 3/4 PART NUMBER
383/4
XXS
30
381/2 28
36
HS
423/4 32
13/4
1
215
33/4
88
15/8
EXAMPLE
42
23/8
413/4 1 /8
66
24
46
32
401/2 32
13/4
1
235
15/8
48
433/4 1 /8
English
34
423/4 32
13/4
250
650 with sheet gasket.
15/8
54
/8 use
46 11/8
15for
36
451/4 32
491/2 36
13/4
nts apply 300
mill finish.
1
280
4
Notes:
15/8
designed
60
ss
25/8
15/8 is800a smooth
483/4 1 /8
are 56
44surface
53
38
471/4 36
Code requireme
flanges
13/4
1
330
wound gaskets. or below 20F.
41/8 seating
Plate
psig design/Cla
15/8
66
8 1025spiral
23/4 gasket
17/with
503/4 1 /8
Pressure Vessel
44 use
3/4 for
40
491/2 36
591/2 Flange
ss 150, 300
above 700F.
62
13/4
425
5/8
Section VIII design/Cla
43/8
ded
1250for use
72
17
53 11/4
B31.3 or
nuts.
56 44 1
52 17/8 ded
42
661/4 Not3 recommen
150 psig
4
691/recommen
21/2
3
500
41/2 not
17/8
s where ASME ss 125 L.W.,
84 and flange
31/8 material
591/2 1 /8
52 17/8 1775
73 A36
48
623/4 44
76 application
e with bellows
21/2
for
3
640
47/8
psig design/Cla
17/8
96
8 1925
33/8 suggested
661/4 1 /8
60 17/50
80 Not
54
691/4 52
18
avoid interferenc
821/2Flanges:
23/4
750
5
7/8
Catalog
2600 required to
73 11/2
31/2
76 52 1
64 21/8 space
60
861/2 Standard
951/2 includes
23/4
850
53/8
7/8
17/8
80 11/2
difference
68 23/8 3275
1
66
821/2 60
993/4 * 3Length
23/4
1
53/4 108 /2
21/8 1000
41/4
861/2 1 /2
72
951/2 64
1131/4
3
3
23/8 1650
993/4 1 /4
84
1081/2 68
1/4
3
2
1131/4

DATA
FLANGE
STANDARD

STEP
4

TS]-
WEIGH

60

4.334
0.0043
4.260
80
0.0052
4.026
0.0060
3.826
100
3.624
120
0.0103
3.438
140
0.0123
3.152
160
0.0140

from current
consolidated
below has been
al data shown
s are in inches.
The dimension
All dimension
easy reference.
standards for

89

96

16

Pressure
Rating

Number of
Convolutions

Optional
Hardware

Alternate
Bellows
Material

150

20

L, C

304L

10.5

20

L, C

304L

STEP
8

The basic part number is


now complete. For a Single
untied 12 150 psig weld
end expansion joint with T321 bellows
and a liner and cover designed for
5000 cycles at 1 axial compression
and .5 lateral offset the basic part
number reads:

12 AS WW 150 20 L,C 304L

STEP
7

1 axial

.5 lateral

0 angular

Select the bellows material. If no


entry is made, the bellows material
is ASTM A240 T304 stainless steel.
See page 19 if an alternate bellows
material is preferred. Select one of the
materials and insert the material code
into the part number.

STEP
6

Select the letter code for


accessories and options
(L for Liner, HL for heavy
liner, P# for Purges, C for Cover,
PT for ply testable, RT for Red Top
leak detector). Separate multiple
options with commas to avoid
confusion.

LEMS
L PROB
LLURGICA
ON META
ly Used Solution
COMM
Frequent
MATERIALS
like alloy 600
nickel alloy
Cause

Failure Mode
Chloride Stress
Cracking

Corrosion

ion
Carbide Precipitat

Pitting Corrosion

Dew Point

Corrosion

highly stressed
acting on
Chlorides
bellows
stainless steel
austenitic
etc.)
(T304, T321,

in
carbides form (T304,
Chromium
stainless steels (over 700
unstabilized
temperature
T316) at high of corrosion resistance
loss
F) causing
boundaries.
at the grain
to form
causes holes
acids.
Galvanic action
usually from
in a bellows,

Use a high
or alloy 625.

(T321
stainless steel
Use a stabilized carbon stainless
a low
high alloy
or T347) or
or another
steel (T304L) less affected by
is
material that
ion.
carbide precipitat
g
material containinAlloy
Use a bellows
Alloy 825,
um T316,
materials
molybden
of the specialty or
one
or
625)
tantalum
such as zirconium
titanium.

out of a sulfur
precipitates
Liquid acid
contact with
stream in
operates
rich flue gas
element that
for acid
the bellows
the dew point
just below
.
formation

insure it
bellows to
in service
Insulate the
dew point
operates above Blanket to maintain
Hot
or install a
temperature
bellows skin
a constant
dew point.
that is above

ductile

Specifications
Material
Standard Shown In This Catalog
Part Number
For Bellows
ASTM MATERIAL
Designation

See descriptions on
pages 14 and 15

P#)
NUMBER

and
NS (PART
of the bellows
CONNECTIO
upstream
ions are installed ent to:
Purge Connect
liner attachm
solids in the
am of the
downstre
media borne
freely
caking of
bellows from
packing or
prevent the
Prevent
which would
outside
convolutions
between the
after the
as steam
flexing.
the number
media such
by adding
e a cooling
of the bellows.
be specified
Introduc
the inside
rence can
and
the circumfe
or P3, etc.
of the liner
ons around
such as P2
number,
of purge connecti
of the part
The number
ies portion
the Accessor
It is
letter P in
conditions.
basic design
By
to satisfy
PT)
material.
NUMBER
is not required the essential bellows
that
(PART
and
the essential
BLE
of material
the media
nt ply and
an extra ply
PLY TESTA
bellows has
e barrier between between the redunda that occurs in the
as a protectiv
A ply testable
a leak
still
into the cavity
to detect
ply that acts
material is
tapping
nt
possible
is
bellows
it
a redunda
essential
bellows material, a leak occurs, the
ce.
ply. If
design complian
redundant
with full
This is
hold pressure
on design.
present to
safety factor
It is highly
for a 100%
applications.
of
bellows allows
ent or cost
s ASME code
replacem
The ply testable certain hazardou
of
cost
a leak
the
ent for
ons in which
ons in which
a requirem
for applicati
for applicati
recommended It is also recommended
be extreme.
bellows would
l.
for a leaking
down time
s to personne
very hazardou
would be

PURGE

ORIES ]-
-[ ACCESS
L)
NUMBER

bellows

the
(PART
joint to protect L to the
LINERS
expansion
the letter
STANDARD
inside the
by adding

be installed
be specified
Liners can
exist:
Liners should
conditions
from damage.
following
.
below.
when the
is required
s described
part number
pressure drop
than
induced vibration
flow or low
flow greater
Smooth
produce flow
mm Dia.
(Up to 150
s which may
Velocitie
inch of Dia.
other gases
4 ft/sec per
steam and
7.5 M/sec)
For air,
greater than
greater than
6 Dia. flow
Dia. flow
Dia.)
a) Up to
(over 150-mm
per mm of
greater than
24 ft/sec
Dia. flow
0.05 M/sec
greater than
150 mm
Dia. flow
Dia. (up to
b) Over 6
per inch of
liquids
1.67 ft/sec
M/sec)
and other
than 3.0
For water
greater than
flow greater
Dia. flow
6
Dia.
to
mm
Dia.)
a) Up
(over 150
per mm of
10 ft/sec
0.02 M/sec
greater than
HL)
Dia. flow
b) Over 6
NUMBER
of the bellows.
ns:
(PART
upstream
g conditio
would
LINERS
se flow exists
the followin
g barrier which Steam
g two-pha
HEAVY-DUTY should be used in
an insulatin
t or damagin
oxidation.
liners
can create
y turbulen
the liners
Heavy-duty
and resisting
longer life
velocity, extremel ures are present,
ensuring
When high
y high temperat lower temperatures
protection.
When extremel
operate at
or valve.
to enhance
bellows to
elbow, tee
can be added
permit the
carrying services.downstream of an
insulation
s
in catalyst
and angular
purging and/or is erosive such as
pipe diameter
axial, lateral
with the
within 10
ed to avoid
media
provided
determin
When the
joint is located
should be
can be properly
expansion
s Pathway
of the liner
When an
, Senior Flexonicthat the diameter
so
are specified
T)
When liners
This is required or flange.
NUMBER
expected.
to contain
am pipe
(PART
movement
downstre
are designed
RODS
to limit
with the
OR LIMIT adds threaded rods that ends of the assembly the
interference
the
ion
TIE RODS
offset
stops on
number designatwill have nuts or
for pure lateral axial
This part
designed
The rods
to absorb
n joint is
intended
an expansio
pressure thrust.
the installed
n joint is
n joint to
length. When
If the expansio
to
the overall
the expansio
as Tie Rods.
T applies
stops to limit
designation
are
rods are defined
have outboard a Limit Rod. The
Limit rods
rods will
or Limit Rods.
defined as
offset, the
n. This is
are Tie Rods
During normal
well as lateral
axial extensio determine if the rods
motion as
anchor failure.
any specified
event of main
movements
length plus
nt in the
The required
joint moveme
either purpose. limit expansion
thrust.
used to
contain pressure
not
generally
do
Limit Rods
operation
ER C)
(PART NUMB
is needed.
COVERS be specified when:
from traffic
n
protectio
Covers should
objects or
n from falling
Protectio
l is needed.
n joint.
the
n of personne
the expansio
outside of
Protectio
costly
applied over
around the
e against
n will be
s may exist
Insulatio
a steam turbine.
cover is insuranc
flow velocitie
exhaust of
cost for the
When high
as in the
The small
joint, such
ends a cover.
design.
expansion
always recomm
removable
cover is a
s Pathway
Senior Flexonic damage. The standard
e due to
downtim

Designation

Standard)
304 (Catalog
304L
A240 T304
309s
A240 T304L
316
A240 T309s
316L
A240 T316
317
A240 T316L
317L
A240 T317
321
A240 T317L
347
A240 T321
AL6XN
A240 T347
7 Mo plus
B688 AL6XN
plus
2205
A240 7Mo
904L
A240 2205
20Cb
A625 904L
255
B463 20Cb
330
A240 255
253MA
B536 330
230
A240 253MA
200
B435 230
(Nickel)
201
B162 200
(Nickel)
400
B162 201
600
400 (Monel)
B127 Alloy
(Inconel)
617
B168 600
625 LCF
B443 617
LCF
800
B443 625
800H
B409 800
825
B409 800H
B424 825

INDICATOR
LEAK
a
be fitted with
RED TOP
ER RT)
bellows can
(PART NUMB

However,
on the
connection
sensing device.
are
The ply testable another type of pressure that never change
or
gages
patented
pressure gage
and pressure
Pathway
Flexonics
very reliable
button
The Senior
bellows are
a large red
after a while.
that extends
le from several
not noticed
r is a device
is very noticeab
leak indicato
Red Top
The red button
detected.
if a leak is
.
meters distance

15

most
L DATA
bellows from
S MATERIA
can form
BELLOW
welding process
engineers
TIG butt

Pathway
the automatic
Senior Flexonics
welded by
weld structure.
that can be
careful
materials
ious ductile
must give
in a homogen
g bellows
doubt,
that results
When in
and purchasin
material.
es specifying
does not
of bellows
Compani
Flexonics
selection
ist. Senior
tion to the
considera
mill Metallurg
basic supplier
consult with
selection.
ility for alloy
take responsib
will
part number
in the Catalog Senior flexonics
as a suffix
by
material codes
will be supplied
Use of these
material that
the bellows
upon request
designate
and are available
Pathway.
are inventoried
is mill
Pathway
or SB materials
Flexonics
*ASME SA
by Senior
ions. Senior
specificat
s
material purchased ASTM or ASME
treating operation
All bellows
e with
other heat
in accordanc
ons or after
perform any
annealed
convoluti
of
does not
Pathway
before forming
. Heat treatment
Flexonics
after welding
by purchaser spring rate
welding,
specified
before
bellows
ons unless
does not
ons can lower
Pathway
forming convoluti
Flexonics
operating
forming convoluti
life. Senior
bellows is
bellows after
stress
and cycle
d unless the
pressure,
of creep and
be performe
squirm
t properties
nd heat treatment time dependen
recomme
res where
t.
at high temperatu
significan
rupture become

19

SUMMARY
It is necessary to have the required
movement information included in
the description so that liner, cover,
and limit rods can be designed with
proper clearances.

14

21

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:45 PM

Page 22

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
150 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
300 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

0.32

0.05

10.0

598

4148

7 1/4

3 1/4

10

5 1/4

0.64

0.20

10.0

299

518

8 1/2

4 1/2

11

6 1/2

12

0.96

0.45

10.0

199

154

9 3/4

5 3/4

11

7 3/4

16

1.28

0.79

150

65

11

12

0.23

0.04

10.0

1168

8101

18

7 1/4

3 1/4

10

5 1/4

0.47

0.15

10.0

584

1013

8 1/2

4 1/2

11

6 1/2

12

0.70

0.33

10.0

389

300

9 3/4

5 3/4

12

7 3/4

16

0.97

0.61

413

175

11

14

0.18

0.03

7.7

2019

13999

32

7 1/4

3 7/8

14

5 1/2

0.36

0.11

10.0

1009

1750

16

8 1/2

5 1/8

15

6 3/4

12

0.54

0.25

10.0

673

518

11

9 3/4

6 3/8

16

16

0.72

0.45

806

341

12

11

7 5/8

19

9 1/4

11

0.42

0.05

10.0

419

4252

10

7 1/4

3 1/2

14

5 3/8

0.84

0.21

10.0

210

531

8 1/2

4 3/4

15

6 5/8

12

1.26

0.48

140

157

9 3/4

15

7 7/8

16

1.63

0.83

210

133

11

7 1/4

19

9 1/8

12

0.30

0.04

10.0

819

8304

19

7 1/4

3 1/2

14

5 3/8

0.60

0.15

10.0

409

1038

8 1/2

4 3/4

15

6 5/8

12

0.89

0.34

10.0

546

615

13

9 3/4

18

7 7/8

11

16

1.18

0.61

409

259

11

7 1/4

21

9 1/8

12

0.21

0.03

7.6

1612

16186

37

7 1/4

4 1/4

20

5 3/4

12

0.43

0.11

10.0

806

2023

18

8 1/2

5 1/2

21

12

12

0.63

0.25

10.0

1074

1199

25

9 3/4

6 3/4

24

8 1/4

14

16

0.85

0.44

806

506

18

11

28

9 1/2

16

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

AT

WW

150

321

2
Effective
Area
5.7 in.2

50

2
Effective
Area
5.7 in.2

150

2
Effective
Area
5.7 in.2

300

2.5
Effective
Area
8.3 in.2

50

2.5
Effective
Area
8.3 in.2

150

2.5
Effective
Area
8.2 in.2

22

2" AND 2.5" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

300

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:46 PM

Page 23

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

50MM AND 65MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

8.1

1.3

10.0

11

74

0.11

184

83

133

16.2

5.0

10.0

0.05

216

114

165

12

24.4

11.3

10.0

0.04

248

146

197

16

32.5

20.1

0.03

279

178

229

6.0

0.9

10.0

21

145

0.21

184

83

133

11.9

3.7

10.0

10

18

0.11

216

114

165

12

17.9

8.3

10.0

0.07

248

146

197

16

24.8

15.5

0.07

279

178

229

4.6

0.7

7.7

36

250

0.37

184

98

140

9.2

2.9

10.0

18

31

0.18

216

130

171

12

13.8

6.4

10.0

12

0.12

248

162

203

16

18.2

11.4

14

0.14

279

194

235

10.6

1.4

10.0

76

0.11

184

89

137

21.3

5.5

10.0

0.06

216

121

168

12

31.9

12.3

0.04

248

152

200

16

41.3

21.2

0.06

279

184

232

7.6

1.0

10.0

15

148

0.22

184

89

137

15.3

3.9

10.0

19

0.11

216

121

168

12

22.5

8.7

10.0

10

11

0.14

248

152

200

16

30.0

15.4

0.11

279

184

232

5.4

0.7

7.6

29

289

0.42

184

108

146

10.9

2.8

10.0

14

36

0.21

216

140

10

178

12

16.1

6.2

10.0

19

21

0.28

248

171

11

210

16

21.5

11.1

14

0.21

279

203

13

241

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

50m

AT

WW

10.5

321

50
Effective
Area
37 cm2

3.5

50
Effective
Area
37 cm2

10.5

50
Effective
Area
37 cm2

21

65
Effective
Area
54 cm2

3.5

65
Effective
Area
54 cm2

10.5

65
Effective
Area
53 cm2

21

23

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:46 PM

Page 24

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
150 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
300 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

0.46

0.07

10.0

881

6794

30

7 3/4

5 7/8

16

6 3/4

10

0.92

0.27

10.0

440

849

15

9 1/2

7 5/8

17

8 1/2

11

12

1.38

0.61

10.0

294

252

10

11 1/4

9 3/8

19

10 1/4

12

16

1.85

1.09

220

106

13

11 1/8

21

12

13

20

2.40

1.78

252

76

14 3/4

12 7/8

29

13 3/4

17

0.24

0.04

6.9

4077

31455

140

7 3/4

5 7/8

17

6 3/4

10

0.48

0.14

10.0

2039

3932

70

9 1/2

7 5/8

18

8 1/2

11

12

0.72

0.32

10.0

1359

1165

47

11 1/4

9 3/8

21

10 1/4

13

16

0.96

0.56

10.0

1019

491

35

13

11 1/8

24

12

15

20

1.20

0.88

815

252

28

14 3/4

12 7/8

29

13 3/4

18

0.21

0.03

6.0

5035

38232

170

7 3/4

5 1/8

27

6 3/8

15

0.41

0.12

10.0

2517

4779

85

9 1/2

6 7/8

28

8 1/8

16

12

0.62

0.28

10.0

1678

1416

57

11 1/4

8 5/8

31

9 7/8

18

16

0.83

0.49

10.0

1259

597

43

13

10 3/8

34

11 5/8

20

20

1.11

0.83

1293

387

43

14 3/4

12 1/8

45

13 3/8

26

0.50

0.06

10.0

833

8258

37

7 3/4

4 1/4

22

13

1.00

0.26

10.0

416

1032

18

9 1/2

23

7 3/4

14

12

1.50

0.58

278

306

12

11 1/4

7 3/4

25

9 1/2

15

16

2.00

1.04

208

129

13

9 1/2

27

11 1/4

16

20

2.69

1.76

235

92

10

14 3/4

11 1/4

35

13

21

0.26

0.03

6.7

3855

38232

170

7 3/4

4 1/4

23

13

0.53

0.14

10.0

1927

4779

85

9 1/2

24

7 3/4

15

12

0.79

0.31

10.0

1285

1416

57

11 1/4

7 3/4

27

9 1/2

16

16

1.06

0.55

964

597

43

13

9 1/2

31

11 1/4

18

20

1.32

0.86

771

306

34

14 3/4

11 1/4

36

13

21

0.26

0.03

6.6

2967

28613

127

7 3/4

5 1/4

34

6 1/2

19

0.51

0.14

10.0

1483

3577

64

9 1/2

36

8 1/4

20

12

0.77

0.30

10.0

989

1060

42

11 1/4

8 3/4

38

10

21

16

0.96

0.50

10.0

1927

1195

85

13

10 1/2

52

11 3/4

30

20

1.19

0.77

1542

612

68

14 3/4

12 1/4

62

13 1/2

36

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

AT

PP

50

304L

3
Effective
Area
12.4 in.2

50

3
Effective
Area
12.4 in.2

150

3
Effective
Area
12.2 in.2

300

3.5
Effective
Area
15.9 in.2

50

3.5
Effective
Area
15.9 in.2

150

3.5
Effective
Area
15.9 in.2

24

3" AND 3.5" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

300

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:46 PM

Page 25

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

80MM AND 90MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

80
Effective
Area
80 cm2

3.5

80
Effective
Area
80 cm2

10.5

80
Effective
Area
79 cm2

21

90

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

11.7

1.7

10.0

16

121

0.35

197

149

171

23.4

6.9

10.0

15

0.17

241

194

216

12

35.2

15.5

10.0

0.12

286

238

260

16

46.9

27.6

0.09

330

283

10

305

20

60.9

45.1

0.10

375

327

13

349

6.1

0.9

6.9

73

562

1.61

197

149

171

12.2

3.6

10.0

36

70

0.81

241

194

216

12

18.3

8.1

10.0

24

21

0.54

286

238

260

16

24.4

14.3

10.0

18

0.40

330

283

11

305

20

30.5

22.4

15

0.32

375

327

13

349

5.2

0.8

6.0

90

683

1.96

197

130

12

162

10.5

3.1

10.0

45

85

0.98

241

175

13

206

12

15.7

7.0

10.0

30

25

0.65

286

219

14

251

16

21.0

12.4

10.0

22

11

0.49

330

264

15

295

20

28.2

21.1

23

0.50

375

308

20

340

12

12.7

1.6

10.0

15

148

0.42

197

108

10

152

25.4

6.6

10.0

18

0.21

241

152

11

197

12

38.1

14.8

0.14

286

197

11

241

16

50.8

26.3

0.11

330

241

12

286

20

68.3

44.6

0.12

375

286

16

330

6.7

0.9

6.7

69

683

1.96

197

108

10

152

13.4

3.5

10.0

34

85

0.98

241

152

11

197

12

20.1

7.8

10.0

23

25

0.65

286

197

12

241

16

26.8

13.9

17

11

0.49

330

241

14

286

20

33.5

21.7

14

0.39

375

286

16

330

10

6.5

0.9

6.6

53

511

1.47

197

133

16

165

13.1

3.4

10.0

26

64

0.73

241

178

16

210

12

19.6

7.7

10.0

18

19

0.49

286

222

17

254

10

16

24.3

12.6

10.0

34

21

0.98

330

267

24

298

14

20

30.4

19.7

28

11

0.78

375

311

28

343

16

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

80m

AT

PP

3.5

304L

Effective
Area
103 cm2

3.5

90
Effective
Area
103 cm2

10.5

90
Effective
Area
103 cm2

21

25

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:46 PM

Page 26

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
150 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
300 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

4
Effective
Area
19.1 in.2

50

4
Effective
Area
20.1 in.2

150

4
Effective
Area
20.1 in.2

300

5
Effective
Area
30.4 in.2

50

5
Effective
Area
29.5 in.2

150

5
Effective
Area
29.2 in.2

26

300

4" AND 4.5" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

0.39

0.05

9.0

1416

16905

75

7 3/4

4 3/8

26

16

0.78

0.18

10.0

708

2113

38

9 1/2

6 1/8

27

7 3/4

17

12

1.17

0.41

10.0

472

626

25

11 1/4

7 7/8

29

9 1/2

18

16

1.55

0.73

354

264

19

13

9 5/8

31

11 1/4

19

20

1.94

1.15

283

135

15

14 3/4

11 3/8

34

13

20

0.32

0.04

7.2

3046

38232

170

7 3/4

4 3/8

27

16

0.64

0.15

10.0

1523

4779

85

9 1/2

6 1/8

28

7 3/4

18

12

0.96

0.33

10.0

1015

1416

57

11 1/4

7 7/8

32

9 1/2

19

16

1.28

0.59

761

597

43

13

9 5/8

36

11 1/4

22

20

1.75

1.02

743

368

41

14 3/4

11

11 3/8

49

13

30

0.25

0.03

5.7

5263

66065

294

7 3/4

5 1/2

45

6 5/8

25

0.50

0.12

10.0

2631

8258

147

9 1/2

7 1/4

47

8 3/8

27

12

0.76

0.26

10.0

1754

2447

98

11 1/4

51

10 1/8

29

16

1.01

0.47

10.0

1316

1032

74

13

10 3/4

56

11 7/8

32

20

1.32

0.76

1451

719

80

14 3/4

12

12 1/2

73

13 5/8

43

0.54

0.05

10.0

1218

23065

103

7 3/4

6 3/8

31

19

1.08

0.20

10.0

609

2883

51

9 1/2

8 1/8

32

8 3/4

21

12

1.62

0.46

10.0

406

854

34

11 1/4

10

9 7/8

35

10 1/2

22

16

2.17

0.81

304

360

26

13

10

11 5/8

39

12 1/4

25

20

2.71

1.27

244

185

21

14 3/4

11

13 3/8

44

14

28

0.31

0.03

5.9

3805

69923

311

7 3/4

6 3/8

31

19

0.63

0.12

10.0

1903

8740

156

9 1/2

8 1/8

32

8 3/4

21

12

0.94

0.27

10.0

1268

2590

104

11 1/4

10

9 7/8

36

10 1/2

23

16

1.25

0.48

10.0

951

1093

78

13

11

11 5/8

40

12 1/4

25

20

1.57

0.75

761

559

62

14 3/4

12

13 3/8

45

14

28

0.27

0.03

5.1

4529

82368

367

7 3/4

5 3/4

57

6 3/4

32

0.54

0.10

10.0

2264

10296

183

9 1/2

7 1/2

58

8 1/2

34

12

0.81

0.23

10.0

1510

3051

122

11 1/4

10

9 1/4

61

10 1/4

36

16

1.08

0.42

10.0

1696

1889

135

13

12

11

70

12

41

20

1.35

0.65

10.0

1357

967

108

14 3/4

13

12 3/4

77

13 3/4

45

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

AH

WW

300

16

L, C

321

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:46 PM

Page 27

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

100MM AND 125MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

100
Effective
Area
124 cm2

3.5

100
Effective
Area
130 cm2

10.5

100
Effective
Area
130 cm2

21

125
Effective
Area
196 cm2

3.5

125
Effective
Area
190 cm2

10.5

125
Effective
Area
188 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

9.9

1.2

9.0

25

302

0.87

197

111

12

152

19.7

4.7

10.0

13

38

0.43

241

156

12

197

12

29.6

10.5

10.0

11

0.29

286

200

13

241

16

39.5

18.6

0.22

330

244

14

286

20

49.3

29.1

0.17

375

289

15

330

8.1

0.9

7.2

54

683

1.96

197

111

12

152

16.2

3.7

10.0

27

85

0.98

241

156

13

197

12

24.3

8.4

10.0

18

25

0.65

286

200

14

241

16

32.4

14.9

14

11

0.49

330

244

16

286

10

20

44.5

25.8

13

0.47

375

289

22

330

14

6.4

0.7

5.7

94

1180

3.39

197

140

20

168

12

12.8

3.0

10.0

47

148

1.70

241

184

21

213

12

12

19.2

6.6

10.0

31

44

1.13

286

229

23

257

13

16

25.6

11.8

10.0

24

18

0.85

330

273

25

302

15

20

33.4

19.4

26

13

0.92

375

318

33

346

19

13.7

1.3

10.0

22

412

1.18

197

162

14

178

27.5

5.2

10.0

11

52

0.59

241

206

15

222

12

41.2

11.6

10.0

15

0.39

286

251

16

267

10

16

55.0

20.6

0.30

330

295

18

311

11

20

68.7

32.2

0.24

375

340

20

356

13

8.0

0.8

5.9

68

1249

3.59

197

162

14

178

15.9

3.0

10.0

34

156

1.79

241

206

15

222

12

23.9

6.8

10.0

23

46

1.20

286

251

16

267

10

16

31.8

12.1

10.0

17

20

0.90

330

295

18

311

11

20

39.8

19.0

14

10

0.72

375

340

21

356

13

6.9

0.7

5.1

81

1471

4.23

197

146

26

171

15

13.8

2.6

10.0

40

184

2.11

241

191

26

216

15

12

20.6

5.9

10.0

27

54

1.41

286

235

28

260

16

16

27.4

10.6

10.0

30

34

1.55

330

279

32

305

18

20

34.2

16.5

10.0

24

17

1.24

375

324

35

349

20

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

125m

AH

WW

21

16

L, C

321

27

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:46 PM

Page 28

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
150 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
300 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

6
Effective
Area
43 in.2

50

6
Effective
Area
43 in.2

150

6
Effective
Area
42 in.2

300

8
Effective
Area
70 in.2

50

8
Effective
Area
69 in.2

150

8
Effective
Area
69 in.2

28

300

6" AND 8" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

0.62

0.07

9.7

1902

24823

226

8 1/2

11

6 7/8

39

7 5/8

25

1.25

0.28

10.0

951

3103

113

11

12

9 3/8

41

10 1/8

27

12

1.87

0.63

10.0

634

919

75

13 1/2

14

11 7/8

45

12 5/8

30

16

2.50

1.13

475

388

56

16

15

14 3/8

51

15 1/8

33

20

3.12

1.76

380

199

45

18 1/2

16

16 7/8

59

17 5/8

38

0.48

0.05

7.5

3286

42895

390

8 1/2

11

6 7/8

39

7 5/8

25

0.97

0.22

10.0

1643

5362

195

11

13

9 3/8

42

10 1/8

27

12

1.45

0.49

10.0

1095

1589

130

13 1/2

14

11 7/8

47

12 5/8

31

16

1.98

0.90

1240

994

145

16

20

14 3/8

63

15 1/8

41

20

2.47

1.41

992

509

116

18 1/2

22

16 7/8

77

17 5/8

49

0.32

0.04

5.0

6694

83720

761

8 1/2

11

6 5/8

79

7 1/2

45

0.64

0.15

10.0

3347

10465

381

11

12

9 1/8

81

10

47

12

0.95

0.33

10.0

2231

3101

254

13 1/2

14

11 5/8

85

12 1/2

50

16

1.20

0.55

10.0

2539

2036

296

16

18

14 1/8

98

15

58

20

1.50

0.85

10.0

2031

1043

237

18 1/2

20

16 5/8

109

17 1/2

64

0.69

0.06

8.4

1964

41983

382

8 1/2

16

7 1/4

61

7 7/8

39

1.38

0.24

10.0

982

5248

191

11

18

9 3/4

64

10 3/8

41

12

2.07

0.55

10.0

655

1555

127

13 1/2

20

12 1/4

68

12 7/8

44

16

2.77

0.98

491

656

95

16

22

14 3/4

74

15 3/8

48

20

3.46

1.53

393

336

76

18 1/2

24

17 1/4

82

17 7/8

53

0.47

0.04

5.8

4329

91322

830

8 1/2

16

7 1/4

61

7 7/8

39

0.95

0.17

10.0

2165

11415

415

11

19

9 3/4

64

10 3/8

41

12

1.42

0.38

10.0

1443

3382

277

13 1/2

21

12 1/4

69

12 7/8

45

16

1.90

0.67

10.0

1082

1427

208

16

23

14 3/4

76

15 3/8

49

20

2.39

1.07

1305

1087

247

18 1/2

31

17 1/4

99

17 7/8

65

0.34

0.03

4.1

10262

216468

1968

8 1/2

17

7 3/8

117

7 7/8

67

0.68

0.12

8.3

5131

27058

984

11

20

9 7/8

121

10 3/8

71

12

1.01

0.27

10.0

3421

8017

656

13 1/2

23

12 3/8

128

12 7/8

75

16

1.35

0.48

10.0

2566

3382

492

16

26

14 7/8

137

15 3/8

81

20

1.69

0.75

10.0

2052

1732

394

18 1/2

29

17 3/8

149

17 7/8

89

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

AG

WW

50

20

L, C

304

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:47 PM

Page 29

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

150MM AND 200MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

150
Effective
Area
276 cm2

3.5

150
Effective
Area
276 cm2

10.5

150
Effective
Area
271 cm2

21

200
Effective
Area
451 cm2

3.5

200
Effective
Area
445 cm2

10.5

200
Effective
Area
445 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

15.9

1.8

9.7

34

443

2.60

216

175

18

194

11

31.7

7.2

10.0

17

55

1.30

279

238

19

257

12

12

47.6

16.1

10.0

11

16

0.87

343

302

21

321

13

16

63.4

28.7

0.65

406

365

23

384

15

20

79.3

44.8

0.52

470

429

27

448

17

12.3

1.4

7.5

59

766

4.49

216

175

18

194

11

24.6

5.6

10.0

29

96

2.25

279

238

19

257

12

12

36.9

12.5

10.0

20

28

1.50

343

302

21

321

14

16

50.2

22.9

22

18

1.67

406

365

28

384

19

20

62.8

35.8

18

1.33

470

10

429

35

448

22

8.1

0.9

5.0

120

1496

8.77

216

168

36

191

20

16.2

3.7

10.0

60

187

4.38

279

232

37

254

21

12

24.2

8.4

10.0

40

55

2.92

343

295

39

318

22

16

30.4

13.9

10.0

45

36

3.41

406

359

44

381

26

20

38.0

21.6

10.0

36

19

2.73

470

422

49

445

29

17.6

1.6

8.4

35

750

4.40

216

184

28

200

17

35.1

6.2

10.0

18

94

2.20

279

248

29

264

19

12

52.7

14.0

10.0

12

28

1.47

343

311

31

327

20

16

70.3

24.8

12

1.10

406

10

375

34

391

22

20

87.8

38.8

0.88

470

11

438

37

454

24

12.0

1.1

5.8

77

1631

9.56

216

184

28

200

18

24.1

4.3

10.0

39

204

4.78

279

248

29

264

19

12

36.1

9.6

10.0

26

60

3.19

343

311

31

327

20

16

48.2

17.1

10.0

19

25

2.39

406

10

375

34

391

22

20

60.8

27.2

23

19

2.85

470

14

438

45

454

29

8.6

0.8

4.1

183

3867

22.67

216

187

53

200

30

17.2

3.1

8.3

92

483

11.34

279

251

55

264

32

12

25.8

6.9

10.0

61

143

7.56

343

10

314

58

327

34

16

34.4

12.2

10.0

46

60

5.67

406

12

378

62

391

37

20

43.0

19.1

10.0

37

31

4.53

470

13

441

68

454

40

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

200m

AG

WW

3.5

20

L, C

304

29

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:47 PM

Page 30

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
STD. WALL
150 lb. Series:
STD. WALL
300 lb. Series:
STD. WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

10
Effective
Area
109 in.2

50

10
Effective
Area
110 in.2

150

10
Effective
Area
108 in.2

300

12
Effective
Area
154 in.2

50

12
Effective
Area
153 in.2

150

12
Effective
Area
151 in.2

30

300

10" AND 12" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

0.98

0.10

9.6

2067

35133

626

9 1/2

24

9 1/8

87

9 1/4

56

1.97

0.39

10.0

1034

4392

313

13

28

12 5/8

91

12 3/4

60

12

2.95

0.88

10.0

689

1301

209

16 1/2

31

16 1/8

98

16 1/4

65

16

3.94

1.56

517

549

156

20

35

19 5/8

108

19 3/4

71

20

5.04

2.51

10.0

639

428

191

23 1/2

49

23 1/8

139

23 1/4

94

0.62

0.06

6.1

5927

99661

1776

9 1/2

25

9 1/8

88

9 1/4

56

1.24

0.25

10.0

2963

12458

888

13

30

12 5/8

93

12 3/4

61

12

1.86

0.55

10.0

1976

3691

592

16 1/2

34

16 1/8

102

16 1/4

68

16

2.48

0.99

10.0

1482

1557

444

20

39

19 5/8

114

19 3/4

76

20

3.00

1.48

1600

1099

490

23 1/2

52

23 1/8

146

23 1/4

99

0.49

0.05

4.8

10510

177675

3166

9 1/2

26

8 3/4

164

9 1/8

95

0.99

0.20

9.6

5255

22209

1583

13

32

12 1/4

171

12 5/8

102

12

1.48

0.44

10.0

3503

6581

1055

16 1/2

38

15 3/4

182

16 1/8

110

16

1.97

0.78

10.0

2627

2776

791

20

44

19 1/4

198

19 5/8

121

20

2.70

1.35

10.0

2619

1752

781

23 1/2

66

22 3/4

247

23 1/8

156

0.98

0.08

8.0

3260

78244

1394

9 1/2

33

9 5/8

130

9 1/2

81

1.97

0.33

10.0

1630

9781

697

13

40

13 1/8

137

13

88

12

2.95

0.74

10.0

1087

2898

465

16 1/2

46

16 5/8

147

16 1/2

97

16

3.93

1.31

815

1223

349

20

53

20 1/8

162

20

108

20

4.91

2.05

652

626

279

23 1/2

60

23 5/8

182

23 1/2

121

0.68

0.06

5.6

7443

177051

3154

9 1/2

34

9 5/8

131

9 1/2

82

1.36

0.23

10.0

3722

22131

1577

13

42

13 1/8

138

13

90

12

2.03

0.51

10.0

2481

6557

1051

16 1/2

50

16 5/8

151

16 1/2

101

16

2.71

0.91

10.0

1861

2766

789

20

59

20 1/8

169

20

114

20

3.39

1.42

1489

1416

631

23 1/2

67

23 5/8

192

23 1/2

129

0.56

0.05

4.6

9558

224309

3996

9 1/2

34

9 1/4

232

9 3/8

133

1.12

0.19

9.3

4779

28039

1998

13

41

12 3/4

240

12 7/8

140

12

1.68

0.43

10.0

3186

8308

1332

16 1/2

49

16 1/4

252

16 3/8

150

16

2.38

0.81

10.0

3213

4648

1325

20

71

19 3/4

287

19 7/8

179

20

2.98

1.26

10.0

2570

2380

1060

23 1/2

83

23 1/4

319

23 3/8

201

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

10

AT

PW

150

12

HL

316

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:47 PM

Page 31

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

250MM AND 300MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

250
Effective
Area
703 cm2

3.5

250
Effective
Area
710 cm2

10.5

250
Effective
Area
700 cm2

21

300
Effective
Area
993 cm2

3.5

300
Effective
Area
984 cm2

10.5

300
Effective
Area
971 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

25.0

2.5

9.6

37

628

7.2

241

11

232

40

235

25

50.0

9.9

10.0

18

78

3.6

330

13

321

41

324

27

12

75.0

22.3

10.0

12

23

2.4

419

14

410

45

413

29

16

100.0

39.6

10

1.8

508

16

498

49

502

32

20

127.9

63.8

10.0

11

2.2

597

22

587

63

591

43

15.7

1.6

6.1

106

1780

20.5

241

11

232

40

235

26

31.5

6.3

10.0

53

223

10.2

330

13

321

42

324

28

12

47.2

14.1

10.0

35

66

6.8

419

16

410

46

413

31

16

62.9

25.1

10.0

26

28

5.1

508

18

498

52

502

35

20

76.2

37.5

29

20

5.6

597

24

587

66

591

45

12.5

1.2

4.8

188

3174

36.5

241

12

222

74

232

43

25.1

5.0

9.6

94

397

18.2

330

15

311

78

321

46

12

37.6

11.2

10.0

63

118

12.2

419

17

400

83

410

50

16

50.1

19.9

10.0

47

50

9.1

508

20

489

90

498

55

20

68.5

34.2

10.0

47

31

9.0

597

30

578

112

587

71

25.0

2.1

8.0

58

1398

16.1

241

15

244

59

241

37

49.9

8.3

10.0

29

175

8.0

330

18

333

62

330

40

12

74.9

18.7

10.0

19

52

5.4

419

21

422

67

419

44

16

99.8

33.3

15

22

4.0

508

24

511

74

508

49

20

124.8

52.0

12

11

3.2

597

27

600

82

597

55

17.2

1.4

5.6

133

3163

36.3

241

15

244

59

241

37

34.4

5.8

10.0

66

395

18.2

330

19

333

63

330

41

12

51.6

13.0

10.0

44

117

12.1

419

23

422

69

419

46

16

68.8

23.1

10.0

33

49

9.1

508

27

511

77

508

52

20

86.1

36.0

27

25

7.3

597

30

600

87

597

59

14.2

1.2

4.6

171

4007

46.0

241

15

235

105

238

60

28.5

4.8

9.3

85

501

23.0

330

19

324

109

327

64

12

42.7

10.8

10.0

57

148

15.3

419

22

413

114

416

68

16

60.5

20.5

10.0

57

83

15.3

508

32

502

130

505

81

20

75.6

32.1

10.0

46

43

12.2

597

38

591

145

594

91

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

250m

AT

PW

10.5

12

HL, C

316

31

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

2:47 PM

Page 32

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

14
Effective
Area
177 in.2

50

14
Effective
Area
182 in.2

150

14
Effective
Area
180 in.2

300

16
Effective
Area
229 in.2

50

16
Effective
Area
234 in.2

150

16
Effective
Area
231 in.2

32

300

14" AND 16" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

0.95

0.07

7.3

2720

75249

1341

9 1/2

36

89

7 3/4

63

1.91

0.30

10.0

1360

9406

670

13

41

9 1/2

93

11 1/4

67

12

2.86

0.67

10.0

907

2787

447

16 1/2

46

13

100

14 3/4

73

16

3.81

1.18

680

1176

335

20

51

16 1/2

110

18 1/4

80

20

4.77

1.85

544

602

268

23 1/2

55

20

122

21 3/4

89

0.70

0.05

5.3

7582

215017

3831

9 1/2

41

183

8 3/4

112

1.41

0.22

10.0

3791

26877

1915

13

50

11 1/2

190

12 1/4

120

12

2.11

0.49

10.0

2527

7964

1277

16 1/2

60

15

204

15 3/4

132

16

2.81

0.86

10.0

1895

3360

958

20

69

18 1/2

222

19 1/4

145

20

3.52

1.35

1516

1720

766

23 1/2

78

22

246

22 3/4

162

0.58

0.04

4.4

9669

270853

4826

9 1/2

40

9 1/2

332

9 1/2

186

1.16

0.18

8.8

4835

33857

2413

13

49

13

340

13

194

12

1.74

0.40

10.0

3223

10032

1609

16 1/2

58

16 1/2

352

16 1/2

205

16

2.49

0.77

10.0

3224

5574

1589

20

83

20

389

20

236

20

3.11

1.21

10.0

2579

2854

1271

23 1/2

95

23 1/2

421

23 1/2

258

1.04

0.07

7.0

2612

93453

1665

9 1/2

41

117

7 3/4

79

2.08

0.28

10.0

1306

11682

833

13

47

9 1/2

122

11 1/4

84

12

3.12

0.64

10.0

871

3461

555

16 1/2

53

13

129

14 3/4

91

16

4.16

1.13

653

1460

416

20

59

16 1/2

139

18 1/4

99

20

5.20

1.77

522

748

333

23 1/2

64

20

152

21 3/4

108

0.73

0.05

4.8

8064

293825

5235

9 1/2

47

8 1/2

199

123

1.45

0.20

9.6

4032

36728

2618

13

58

12

207

12 1/2

132

12

2.18

0.44

10.0

2688

10882

1745

16 1/2

68

15 1/2

220

16

144

16

2.90

0.79

10.0

2016

4591

1309

20

79

19

239

19 1/2

159

20

3.63

1.23

10.0

1613

2351

1047

23 1/2

90

22 1/2

263

23

176

0.60

0.04

4.0

10217

368226

6561

9 1/2

46

10

383

9 3/4

214

1.20

0.16

8.0

5108

46028

3280

13

56

13 1/2

390

13 1/4

223

12

1.80

0.37

10.0

3406

13638

2187

16 1/2

66

17

403

16 3/4

234

16

2.59

0.71

10.0

3380

7531

2147

20

95

20 1/2

440

20 1/4

268

20

3.24

1.11

10.0

2704

3856

1717

23 1/2

110

24

474

23 3/4

292

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

16

AS

FW

150

L, C

316L

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:44 PM

Page 33

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

350MM AND 400MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

350
Effective
Area
1145 cm2

3.5

350
Effective
Area
1174 cm2

10.5

350
Effective
Area
1159 cm2

21

400
Effective
Area
1481 cm2

3.5

400
Effective
Area
1508 cm2

10.5

400
Effective
Area
1491 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

24.2

1.9

7.3

49

1344

15.4

241

16

152

41

197

28

48.4

7.5

10.0

24

168

7.7

330

19

241

42

286

30

12

72.7

16.9

10.0

16

50

5.1

419

21

330

46

375

33

16

96.9

30.1

12

21

3.9

508

23

419

50

464

36

20

121.1

47.0

10

11

3.1

597

25

508

55

552

40

17.9

1.4

5.3

135

3841

44.1

241

19

203

83

222

51

35.7

5.5

10.0

68

480

22.1

330

23

292

86

311

55

12

53.6

12.3

10.0

45

142

14.7

419

27

381

92

400

60

16

71.4

21.9

10.0

34

60

11.0

508

31

470

101

489

66

20

89.3

34.2

27

31

8.8

597

35

559

111

578

73

14.8

1.1

4.4

173

4838

55.6

241

18

241

151

241

85

29.5

4.6

8.8

86

605

27.8

330

22

330

154

330

88

12

44.3

10.2

10.0

58

179

18.5

419

26

419

160

419

93

16

63.1

19.6

10.0

58

100

18.3

508

37

508

176

508

107

20

78.9

30.6

10.0

46

51

14.6

597

43

597

191

597

117

26.4

1.8

7.0

47

1669

19.2

241

19

152

53

197

36

52.8

7.2

10.0

23

209

9.6

330

21

241

55

286

38

12

79.2

16.2

10.0

16

62

6.4

419

24

330

58

375

41

16

105.6

28.8

12

26

4.8

508

27

419

63

464

45

20

132.0

45.0

13

3.8

597

29

508

69

552

49

18.4

1.2

4.8

144

5249

60.3

241

21

216

90

229

56

36.9

5.0

9.6

72

656

30.2

330

26

305

94

318

60

12

55.3

11.2

10.0

48

194

20.1

419

31

394

100

406

65

16

73.8

20.0

10.0

36

82

15.1

508

36

483

108

495

72

20

92.2

31.2

10.0

29

42

12.1

597

41

572

119

584

80

15.2

1.0

4.0

183

6578

75.6

241

21

254

173

248

97

30.5

4.1

8.0

91

822

37.8

330

25

343

177

337

101

12

45.7

9.3

10.0

61

244

25.2

419

30

432

183

425

106

16

65.9

18.0

10.0

60

135

24.7

508

43

521

200

514

121

20

82.3

28.1

10.0

48

69

19.8

597

50

610

215

603

132

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

400m

AS

FW

10.5

L, C

316L

33

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:44 PM

Page 34

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

18
Effective
Area
287 in.2

50

18
Effective
Area
294 in.2

150

18
Effective
Area
295 in.2

300

20
Effective
Area
352 in.2

50

20
Effective
Area
359 in.2

150

20
Effective
Area
361 in.2

34

300

18" AND 20" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.08

0.07

6.5

2708

121273

2161

9 1/2

46

119

7 3/4

83

2.16

0.26

10.0

1354

15159

1080

13

53

9 1/2

124

11 1/4

88

12

3.24

0.59

10.0

903

4492

720

16 1/2

60

13

131

14 3/4

95

16

4.32

1.05

10.0

677

1895

540

20

66

16 1/2

142

18 1/4

104

20

5.40

1.65

542

970

432

23 1/2

73

20

155

21 3/4

114

0.81

0.05

4.8

7314

335135

5971

9 1/2

53

10 5/8

263

10

158

1.63

0.20

9.6

3657

41892

2986

13

66

14 1/8

273

13 1/2

170

12

2.44

0.44

10.0

2438

12412

1990

16 1/2

79

17 5/8

290

17

184

16

3.25

0.78

10.0

1829

5236

1493

20

92

21 1/8

312

20 1/2

202

20

4.07

1.23

10.0

1463

2681

1194

23 1/2

105

24 5/8

339

24

222

0.79

0.05

4.6

13643

627118

11173

9 1/2

67

10 1/2

506

10

286

1.57

0.19

9.3

6822

78390

5587

13

93

14

523

13 1/2

308

12

2.36

0.43

10.0

4548

23227

3724

16 1/2

119

17 1/2

552

17

336

16

3.14

0.76

10.0

3411

9799

2793

20

145

21

593

20 1/2

369

20

3.93

1.18

10.0

2729

5017

2235

23 1/2

171

24 1/2

645

24

408

1.12

0.06

6.1

2777

152215

2712

9 1/2

51

140

7 3/4

95

2.24

0.25

10.0

1389

19027

1356

13

59

9 1/2

144

11 1/4

101

12

3.36

0.56

10.0

926

5638

904

16 1/2

66

13

152

14 3/4

109

16

4.49

0.99

10.0

694

2378

678

20

74

16 1/2

162

18 1/4

118

20

5.61

1.55

555

1218

542

23 1/2

82

20

176

21 3/4

129

0.84

0.05

4.5

7606

425551

7582

9 1/2

59

11

333

10 1/4

196

1.68

0.18

9.0

3803

53194

3791

13

74

14 1/2

342

13 3/4

208

12

2.52

0.41

10.0

2535

15761

2527

16 1/2

88

18

356

17 1/4

222

16

3.36

0.73

10.0

1902

6649

1896

20

103

21 1/2

376

20 3/4

240

20

4.20

1.15

10.0

1521

3404

1516

23 1/2

117

25

403

24 1/4

260

0.84

0.05

4.5

13294

748115

13329

9 1/2

90

11

636

10 1/4

363

1.69

0.18

9.0

6647

93514

6665

13

120

14 1/2

654

13 3/4

387

12

2.53

0.41

10.0

4431

27708

4443

16 1/2

150

18

684

17 1/4

417

16

3.38

0.73

10.0

3324

11689

3332

20

180

21 1/2

726

20 3/4

453

20

4.22

1.15

10.0

2659

5985

2666

23 1/2

210

25

781

24 1/4

495

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

18

AT

WW

300

16

PT, C

600

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:45 PM

Page 35

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

450MM AND 500MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

450
Effective
Area
1853 cm2

3.5

450
Effective
Area
1896 cm2

10.5

450
Effective
Area
1902 cm2

21

500
Effective
Area
2268 cm2

3.5

500
Effective
Area
2315 cm2

10.5

500
Effective
Area
2329 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

27.4

1.7

6.5

48

2166

24.9

241

21

152

54

197

38

54.8

6.7

10.0

24

271

12.4

330

24

241

56

286

40

12

82.3

15.1

10.0

16

80

8.3

419

27

330

60

375

43

16

109.7

26.8

10.0

12

34

6.2

508

30

419

64

464

47

20

137.1

41.8

10

17

5.0

597

33

508

70

552

52

20.7

1.2

4.8

131

5987

68.8

241

24

270

119

254

72

41.3

5.0

9.6

65

748

34.4

330

30

359

124

343

77

12

62.0

11.2

10.0

44

222

22.9

419

36

448

131

432

84

16

82.6

19.9

10.0

33

94

17.2

508

42

537

141

521

91

20

103.3

31.2

10.0

26

48

13.8

597

47

625

154

610

101

19.9

1.2

4.6

244

11203

128.7

241

30

267

229

254

130

39.9

4.8

9.3

122

1400

64.4

330

42

356

237

343

140

12

59.8

10.8

10.0

81

415

42.9

419

54

445

250

432

152

16

79.8

19.2

10.0

61

175

32.2

508

66

533

269

521

167

20

99.7

30.0

10.0

49

90

25.7

597

78

622

293

610

185

28.5

1.6

6.1

50

2719

31.2

241

23

152

63

197

43

57.0

6.3

10.0

25

340

15.6

330

27

241

65

286

46

12

85.5

14.1

10.0

17

101

10.4

419

30

330

69

375

49

16

113.9

25.1

10.0

12

42

7.8

508

34

419

74

464

54

20

142.4

39.3

10

22

6.2

597

37

508

80

552

58

21.4

1.2

4.5

136

7602

87.4

241

27

279

151

260

89

42.7

4.7

9.0

68

950

43.7

330

33

368

155

349

94

12

64.1

10.5

10.0

45

282

29.1

419

40

457

162

438

101

16

85.4

18.6

10.0

34

119

21.8

508

47

546

171

527

109

20

106.8

29.1

10.0

27

61

17.5

597

53

635

183

616

118

21.4

1.2

4.5

237

13364

153.6

241

41

279

288

260

165

42.9

4.7

9.0

119

1671

76.8

330

54

368

297

349

176

12

64.3

10.5

10.0

79

495

51.2

419

68

457

310

438

189

16

85.7

18.7

10.0

59

209

38.4

508

82

546

329

527

206

20

107.2

29.2

10.0

47

107

30.7

597

95

635

354

616

225

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

450m

AT

WW

21

16

PT, C

600

35

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:45 PM

Page 36

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

22
Effective
Area
422 in.2

50

22
Effective
Area
429 in.2

150

22
Effective
Area
431 in.2

300

24
Effective
Area
501 in.2

50

24
Effective
Area
506 in.2

150

24
Effective
Area
508 in.2

36

300

22" AND 24" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.16

0.06

5.7

2825

186005

3314

9 1/2

56

154

8 1/4

105

2.32

0.23

10.0

1413

23251

1657

13

65

10 1/2

158

11 3/4

112

12

3.48

0.53

10.0

942

6889

1105

16 1/2

73

14

166

15 1/4

120

16

4.64

0.93

10.0

706

2906

829

20

82

17 1/2

177

18 3/4

129

20

5.80

1.46

565

1488

663

23 1/2

90

21

190

22 1/4

140

0.84

0.04

4.1

8392

561448

10003

9 1/2

65

11 1/2

373

10 1/2

219

1.67

0.17

8.2

4196

70181

5002

13

81

15

382

14

231

12

2.51

0.38

10.0

2797

20794

3334

16 1/2

97

18 1/2

396

17 1/2

246

16

3.34

0.67

10.0

2098

8773

2501

20

113

22

416

21

264

20

4.18

1.04

10.0

1678

4492

2001

23 1/2

129

25 1/2

443

24 1/2

286

0.84

0.04

4.1

14668

986650

17579

9 1/2

98

11 1/2

746

10 1/2

422

1.68

0.17

8.2

7334

123331

8790

13

131

15

764

14

448

12

2.52

0.38

10.0

4889

36543

5860

16 1/2

164

18 1/2

794

17 1/2

479

16

3.36

0.67

10.0

3667

15416

4395

20

198

22

836

21

517

20

4.20

1.04

10.0

2934

7893

3516

23 1/2

231

25 1/2

891

24 1/2

561

1.26

0.06

5.7

2645

206485

3679

9 1/2

62

232

8 1/4

147

2.51

0.23

10.0

1322

25811

1839

13

72

10 1/2

236

11 3/4

154

12

3.77

0.52

10.0

882

7648

1226

16 1/2

81

14

244

15 1/4

163

16

5.02

0.93

10.0

661

3226

920

20

91

17 1/2

256

18 3/4

173

20

6.28

1.45

529

1652

736

23 1/2

100

21

270

22 1/4

185

0.83

0.04

3.8

9177

723559

12892

9 1/2

70

10

443

9 3/4

257

1.66

0.15

7.5

4589

90445

6446

13

88

13 1/2

452

13 1/4

270

12

2.50

0.34

10.0

3059

26798

4297

16 1/2

105

17

466

16 3/4

286

16

3.33

0.61

10.0

2294

11306

3223

20

122

20 1/2

486

20 1/4

304

20

4.16

0.96

10.0

1835

5788

2578

23 1/2

140

24

513

23 3/4

326

0.84

0.04

3.8

16043 1271132

22648

9 1/2

106

11 7/8

956

10 5/8

531

1.67

0.15

7.5

8022

158892

11324

13

143

15 3/8

974

14 1/8

558

12

2.51

0.34

10.0

5348

47079

7549

16 1/2

179

18 7/8

1004

17 5/8

592

16

3.34

0.61

10.0

4011

19861

5662

20

215

22 3/8

1046

21 1/8

631

20

4.18

0.96

10.0

3209

10169

4530

23 1/2

251

25 7/8

1101

24 5/8

676

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

24

AS

AA

625LCF

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:45 PM

Page 37

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

550MM AND 600MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

550
Effective
Area
2724 cm2

3.5

550
Effective
Area
2769 cm2

10.5

550
Effective
Area
2783 cm2

21

600
Effective
Area
3231 cm2

3.5

600
Effective
Area
3263 cm2

10.5

600
Effective
Area
3279 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

29.5

1.5

5.7

50

3323

38.2

241

26

178

70

210

48

58.9

5.9

10.0

25

415

19.1

330

29

267

72

298

51

12

88.4

13.3

10.0

17

123

12.7

419

33

356

75

387

54

16

117.9

23.7

10.0

13

52

9.5

508

37

445

80

476

59

20

147.3

37.1

10

27

7.6

597

41

533

86

565

64

21.2

1.1

4.1

150

10030

115.3

241

29

292

169

267

99

42.5

4.2

8.2

75

1254

57.6

330

37

381

173

356

105

12

63.7

9.5

10.0

50

371

38.4

419

44

470

180

445

112

16

84.9

16.9

10.0

37

157

28.8

508

51

559

189

533

120

20

106.1

26.5

10.0

30

80

23.1

597

58

648

201

622

129

21.3

1.1

4.1

262

17625

202.5

241

45

292

338

267

191

42.6

4.2

8.2

131

2203

101.3

330

60

381

347

356

203

12

63.9

9.5

10.0

87

653

67.5

419

75

470

360

445

217

16

85.2

17.0

10.0

66

275

50.6

508

90

559

379

533

234

20

106.6

26.5

10.0

52

141

40.5

597

105

648

404

622

254

31.9

1.5

5.7

47

3689

42.4

241

28

178

105

210

67

63.8

5.9

10.0

24

461

21.2

330

32

267

107

298

70

12

95.7

13.3

10.0

16

137

14.1

419

37

356

111

387

74

16

127.6

23.6

10.0

12

58

10.6

508

41

445

116

476

79

20

159.4

36.8

30

8.5

597

46

533

123

565

84

21.1

1.0

3.8

164

12925

148.5

241

32

254

201

248

116

42.3

3.9

7.5

82

1616

74.3

330

40

343

205

337

122

12

63.4

8.7

10.0

55

479

49.5

419

48

432

211

425

129

16

84.6

15.6

10.0

41

202

37.1

508

56

521

221

514

138

20

105.7

24.3

10.0

33

103

29.7

597

63

610

232

603

148

21.2

1.0

3.8

287

22707

260.9

241

48

302

434

270

241

42.5

3.9

7.5

143

2838

130.5

330

65

391

442

359

253

12

63.7

8.8

10.0

96

841

87.0

419

81

479

455

448

268

16

84.9

15.6

10.0

72

355

65.2

508

97

568

475

537

286

20

106.1

24.3

10.0

57

182

52.2

597

114

657

499

625

307

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

600m

AS

AA

.35

625LCF

37

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:45 PM

Page 38

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.5 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

26
Effective
Area
585 in.2

50

26
Effective
Area
589 in.2

150

26
Effective
Area
591 in.2

300

28
Effective
Area
675 in.2

50

28
Effective
Area
678 in.2

150

28
Effective
Area
681 in.2

38

300

26" AND 28" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.
* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

OAL
(In.)

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.30

0.06

5.5

2664

242809

4326

9 1/2

67

252

8 1/4

159

2.60

0.22

10.0

1332

30351

2163

13

78

10 1/2

257

11 3/4

167

12

3.90

0.50

10.0

888

8993

1442

16 1/2

88

14

265

15 1/4

177

16

5.20

0.89

10.0

666

3794

1082

20

99

17 1/2

276

18 3/4

188

20

6.50

1.39

533

1942

865

23 1/2

110

21

291

22 1/4

200

0.83

0.04

3.5

9963

914195

16288

9 1/2

76

1.66

0.14

7.0

4981

114274

8144

13

94

12

2.49

0.32

10.0

3321

33859

5429

16 1/2

113

16

3.32

0.57

10.0

2491

14284

4072

20

132

20

4.15

0.88

10.0

1993

7314

3258

23 1/2

151

0.83

0.04

3.5

17418

1605607

28607

9 1/2

115

1.67

0.14

7.0

8709

200701

14303

13

154

12

2.50

0.32

10.0

5806

59467

9536

16 1/2

193

16

3.33

0.57

10.0

4354

25088

7152

20

232

20

4.17

0.89

10.0

3484

12845

5721

23 1/2

271

1.35

0.05

5.3

2672

281143

5009

9 1/2

72

282

8 1/4

177

2.70

0.21

10.0

1336

35143

2505

13

84

10 1/2

287

11 3/4

185

12

4.04

0.48

10.0

891

10413

1670

16 1/2

96

14

295

15 1/4

195

16

5.39

0.86

10.0

668

4393

1252

20

107

17 1/2

307

18 3/4

207

20

6.74

1.34

534

2249

1002

23 1/2

119

21

322

22 1/4

220

0.83

0.03

3.2

10748

1135669

20234

9 1/2

81

1.66

0.13

6.5

5374

141959

10117

13

101

12

2.49

0.30

9.7

3583

42062

6745

16 1/2

122

16

3.32

0.53

10.0

2687

17745

5059

20

142

20

4.14

0.82

10.0

2150

9085

4047

23 1/2

162

0.83

0.03

3.2

18793

1994117

35529

9 1/2

123

1.66

0.13

6.5

9396

249265

17764

13

165

12

2.50

0.30

9.7

6264

73856

11843

16 1/2

208

16

3.33

0.53

10.0

4698

31158

8882

20

250

20

4.16

0.82

10.0

3759

15953

7106

23 1/2

292

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

28

AG

WW

50

16

L, C, P4

304L

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:45 PM

Page 39

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

650MM AND 700MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

650
Effective
Area
3771 cm2

3.5

650
Effective
Area
3797 cm2

10.5

650
Effective
Area
3815 cm2

21

700
Effective
Area
4354 cm2

3.5

700
Effective
Area
4372 cm2

10.5

700
Effective
Area
4391 cm2

21

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

OAL
(mm)

WW
Weight
(Kg)

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

33.0

1.4

5.5

48

4337

49.8

241

30

178

114

210

72

66.1

5.7

10.0

24

542

24.9

330

35

267

116

298

76

12

99.1

12.7

10.0

16

161

16.6

419

40

356

120

387

80

16

132.2

22.6

10.0

12

68

12.5

508

45

445

125

476

85

20

165.2

35.3

0 (.1) *

10

35

10.0

597

50

533

132

565

91

21.1

0.9

3.5

178

16331

187.7

241

34

42.2

3.6

7.0

89

2041

93.8

330

43

12

63.3

8.1

10.0

59

605

62.6

419

51

178

128

210

80

16

84.3

14.4

10.0

44

255

46.9

508

60

20

105.4

22.5

10.0

36

131

37.5

597

69

21.2

0.9

3.5

311

28682

329.6

241

52

42.3

3.6

7.0

156

3585

164.8

330

70

12

63.5

8.1

10.0

104

1062

109.9

419

88

16

84.7

14.4

10.0

78

448

82.4

508

105

20

105.8

22.5

10.0

62

229

65.9

597

123

34.2

1.4

5.3

48

5022

57.7

241

33

68.5

5.4

10.0

24

628

28.9

330

38

267

130

298

84

12

102.7

12.3

10.0

16

186

19.2

419

43

356

134

387

89

16

136.9

21.8

10.0

12

78

14.4

508

49

445

139

476

94

20

171.2

34.1

0 (.1) *

10

40

11.5

597

54

533

146

565

100

21.1

0.8

3.2

192

20287

233.1

241

37

42.1

3.3

6.5

96

2536

116.6

330

46

12

63.2

7.5

9.7

64

751

77.7

419

55

16

84.2

13.4

10.0

48

317

58.3

508

64

20

105.3

20.9

10.0

38

162

46.6

597

74

21.1

0.8

3.2

336

35622

409.3

241

56

42.3

3.3

6.5

168

4453

204.7

330

75

12

63.4

7.5

9.7

112

1319

136.4

419

94

16

84.5

13.4

10.0

84

557

102.3

508

113

20

105.6

20.9

10.0

67

285

81.9

597

132

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

700m

AG

WW

3.5

16

L, C, P4

304L

39

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:45 PM

Page 40

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.5 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

30
Effective
Area
770 in.2

40

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.57

0.06

5.8

1659

199217

3549

9 1/2

75

301

8 1/4

188

3.15

0.23

10.0

830

24902

1775

13

85

10 1/2

306

11 3/4

196

12

4.72

0.53

10.0

553

7378

1183

16 1/2

96

14

313

15 1/4

204

16

6.30

0.94

10.0

415

3113

887

20

106

17 1/2

322

18 3/4

214

1.01

0.04

3.7

7837

955949

17032

9 1/2

90

2.02

0.15

7.3

3918

119494

8516

13

114

12

3.03

0.34

10.0

2612

35406

5677

16 1/2

138

16

4.03

0.60

10.0

1959

14937

4258

20

163

0.95

0.04

3.4

15674

1911898

34064

9 1/2

136

1.90

0.14

6.9

7837

238987

17032

13

184

12

2.85

0.32

10.0

5225

70811

11355

16 1/2

233

16

3.79

0.56

10.0

3918

29873

8516

20

281

1.57

0.06

5.4

1772

240826

4291

9 1/2

80

411

8 1/4

246

3.15

0.22

10.0

886

30103

2145

13

91

10 1/2

416

11 3/4

253

12

4.72

0.50

10.0

591

8919

1430

16 1/2

102

14

423

15 1/4

262

16

6.29

0.88

10.0

443

3763

1073

20

113

17 1/2

432

18 3/4

273

1.04

0.04

3.5

7886

1089703

19415

9 1/2

96

2.08

0.14

7.1

3943

136213

9708

13

122

12

3.12

0.33

10.0

2629

40359

6472

16 1/2

149

16

4.16

0.58

10.0

1971

17027

4854

20

175

0.98

0.03

3.3

15771

2179405

38830

9 1/2

145

1.96

0.14

6.7

7886

272426

19415

13

198

12

2.94

0.31

10.0

5257

80719

12943

16 1/2

251

16

3.91

0.54

10.0

3943

34053

9708

20

303

150

32
Effective
Area
886 in.2

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

50

32
Effective
Area
886 in.2

OAL
(In.)

300

32
Effective
Area
872 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

150

30
Effective
Area
782 in.2

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

50

30
Effective
Area
782 in.2

30" AND 32" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

300

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

30

AS

FW

50

HL, C

304

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 41

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

750MM AND 800MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm 2) lutions

750
Effective
Area
4968 cm2

40.0

1.5

5.8

30

3559

40.9

241

34

178

137

210

85

80.0

6.0

10.0

15

445

20.4

330

39

267

139

298

89

12

120.0

13.4

10.0

10

132

13.6

419

43

356

142

387

93

16

160.0

23.8

10.0

56

10.2

508

48

445

146

476

97

25.6

0.9

3.7

140

17077

196.2

241

41

51.2

3.8

7.3

70

2135

98.1

330

52

12

76.9

8.5

10.0

47

632

65.4

419

63

16

102.5

15.2

10.0

35

267

49.1

508

74

24.1

0.9

3.4

280

34153

392.5

241

61

48.2

3.6

6.9

140

4269

196.2

330

83

12

72.3

8.0

10.0

93

1265

130.8

419

105

16

96.4

14.2

10.0

70

534

98.1

508

128

40.0

1.4

5.4

32

4302

49.4

241

36

178

187

210

111

79.9

5.6

10.0

16

538

24.7

330

41

267

188

298

115

12

119.9

12.6

10.0

11

159

16.5

419

46

356

192

387

119

16

159.8

22.4

10.0

67

12.4

508

51

445

196

476

124

26.4

0.9

3.5

141

19466

223.7

241

44

52.8

3.7

7.1

70

2433

111.8

330

55

12

79.2

8.3

10.0

47

721

74.6

419

67

16

105.7

14.7

10.0

35

304

55.9

508

79

24.9

0.9

3.3

282

38932

447.4

241

66

49.7

3.5

6.7

141

4867

223.7

330

90

12

74.6

7.8

10.0

94

1442

149.1

419

114

16

99.4

13.8

10.0

70

608

111.8

508

137

10.5

800
Effective
Area
5718 cm2

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

3.5

800
Effective
Area
5718 cm2

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

21

800
Effective
Area
5623 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

10.5

750
Effective
Area
5048 cm2

OAL
(mm)

3.5

750
Effective
Area
5048 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

21

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

750m

AS

FW

3.5

HL, C

304

41

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 42

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.75 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

34
Effective
Area
981 in.2

42

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.63

0.05

5.3

1756

268595

4786

9 1/2

85

431

8 1/4

258

3.25

0.21

10.0

878

33574

2393

13

97

10 1/2

436

11 3/4

266

12

4.88

0.48

10.0

585

9948

1595

16 1/2

109

14

443

15 1/4

276

16

6.50

0.86

10.0

439

4197

1196

20

121

17 1/2

453

18 3/4

287

1.04

0.03

3.3

8390

1301590

23190

9 1/2

102

2.08

0.14

6.7

4195

162699

11595

13

130

12

3.11

0.31

10.0

2797

48207

7730

16 1/2

158

16

4.15

0.54

10.0

2098

20337

5798

20

186

1.01

0.03

3.2

15824

2459101

43814

9 1/2

203

2.02

0.13

6.5

7912

307388

21907

13

260

12

3.03

0.30

9.7

5275

91078

14605

16 1/2

317

16

4.04

0.53

10.0

3956

38423

10953

20

374

1.62

0.05

5.0

1861

317827

5663

9 1/2

89

471

8 1/4

280

3.25

0.20

10.0

931

39728

2831

13

102

10 1/2

476

11 3/4

289

12

4.87

0.46

10.0

620

11771

1888

16 1/2

115

14

483

15 1/4

299

16

6.50

0.81

10.0

465

4966

1416

20

128

17 1/2

493

18 3/4

310

1.03

0.03

3.2

8895

1539297

27425

9 1/2

107

2.07

0.13

6.3

4447

192412

13713

13

137

12

3.10

0.29

9.5

2965

57011

9142

16 1/2

167

16

4.14

0.51

10.0

2224

24052

6856

20

196

1.01

0.03

3.1

16776

2907999

51811

9 1/2

214

2.01

0.12

6.1

8388

363500

25906

13

275

12

3.02

0.28

9.2

5592

107704

17270

16 1/2

335

16

4.03

0.50

10.0

4194

45437

12953

20

395

150

36
Effective
Area
1112 in.2

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

50

36
Effective
Area
1110 in.2

OAL
(In.)

300

36
Effective
Area
1095 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

150

34
Effective
Area
997 in.2

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

50

34
Effective
Area
995 in.2

34" AND 36" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

300

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

36

AT

WW

50

PT, RT

800

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 43

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

850MM AND 900MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

850
Effective
Area
6330 cm2

41.3

1.4

5.3

31

4798

55.1

241

38

178

196

210

117

82.6

5.5

10.0

16

600

27.6

330

44

267

198

298

121

12

123.9

12.3

10.0

10

178

18.4

419

49

356

201

387

125

16

165.2

21.8

10.0

75

13.8

508

55

445

205

476

130

26.4

0.9

3.3

150

23251

267.2

241

46

52.7

3.5

6.7

75

2906

133.6

330

59

12

79.1

7.8

10.0

50

861

89.1

419

71

16

105.4

13.8

10.0

37

363

66.8

508

84

25.6

0.8

3.2

283

43929

504.8

241

92

51.2

3.4

6.5

141

5491

252.4

330

118

12

76.9

7.6

9.7

94

1627

168.3

419

144

16

102.5

13.4

10.0

71

686

126.2

508

169

41.3

1.3

5.0

33

5678

65.2

241

41

178

214

210

127

82.5

5.2

10.0

17

710

32.6

330

46

267

216

298

131

12

123.8

11.6

10.0

11

210

21.7

419

52

356

219

387

136

16

165.1

20.6

10.0

89

16.3

508

58

445

223

476

141

26.3

0.8

3.2

159

27497

316.0

241

49

52.6

3.3

6.3

79

3437

158.0

330

62

12

78.8

7.3

9.5

53

1018

105.3

419

76

16

105.1

13.0

10.0

40

430

79.0

508

89

25.6

0.8

3.1

300

51947

596.9

241

97

51.1

3.2

6.1

150

6493

298.5

330

125

12

76.7

7.1

9.2

100

1924

199.0

419

152

16

102.3

12.7

10.0

75

812

149.2

508

179

10.5

900
Effective
Area
7173 cm2

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

3.5

900
Effective
Area
7161 cm2

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

21

900
Effective
Area
7066 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

10.5

850
Effective
Area
6413 cm2

OAL
(mm)

3.5

850
Effective
Area
6420 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

21

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

900m

AT

WW

3.5

PT, RT

800

43

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 44

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.75 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

38
Effective
Area
1216 in.2

44

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.62

0.05

4.7

1966

372734

6641

9 1/2

94

501

8 1/4

298

3.25

0.19

9.5

983

46592

3320

13

108

10 1/2

506

11 3/4

307

12

4.87

0.43

10.0

655

13805

2214

16 1/2

121

14

513

15 1/4

317

16

6.49

0.77

10.0

492

5824

1660

20

135

17 1/2

523

18 3/4

329

1.03

0.03

3.0

9399 1804308

32147

9 1/2

113

2.06

0.12

6.0

4700

225538

16074

13

144

12

3.10

0.27

9.0

3133

66826

10716

16 1/2

175

16

4.13

0.49

10.0

2350

28192

8037

20

207

1.00

0.03

2.9

17728 3408435

60728

9 1/2

226

2.01

0.12

5.8

8864

426054

30364

13

289

12

3.01

0.27

8.7

5909

126238

20243

16 1/2

353

16

4.02

0.47

10.0

4432

53257

15182

20

416

1.62

0.05

4.5

2072

433626

7726

9 1/2

99

561

8 1/4

330

3.25

0.18

9.0

1036

54203

3863

13

113

10 1/2

566

11 3/4

339

12

4.87

0.41

10.0

691

16060

2575

16 1/2

127

14

573

15 1/4

350

16

6.49

0.73

10.0

518

6775

1931

20

142

17 1/2

583

18 3/4

362

1.03

0.03

2.8

9904 2098106

37382

9 1/2

119

2.06

0.12

5.7

4952

262263

18691

13

151

12

3.09

0.26

8.5

3301

77708

12461

16 1/2

184

16

4.12

0.46

10.0

2476

32783

9345

20

217

1.00

0.03

2.8

18680 3963210

70612

9 1/2

237

2.01

0.11

5.5

9340

495401

35306

13

304

12

3.01

0.25

8.3

6227

146786

23537

16 1/2

371

16

4.01

0.45

10.0

4670

61925

17653

20

438

150

40
Effective
Area
1361 in.2

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

50

40
Effective
Area
1359 in.2

OAL
(In.)

300

40
Effective
Area
1342 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

150

38
Effective
Area
1233 in.2

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

50

38
Effective
Area
1231 in.2

38" AND 40" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

300

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

38

AS

WW

150

16

L, C

825

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 45

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

950MM AND 1000MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

950
Effective
Area
7843 cm2

41.2

1.2

4.7

35

6658

76.5

241

43

178

227

210

135

82.5

4.9

9.5

18

832

38.3

330

49

267

229

298

139

12

123.7

11.0

10.0

12

247

25.5

419

55

356

233

387

144

16

165.0

19.6

10.0

104

19.1

508

61

445

237

476

149

26.2

0.8

3.0

168

32232

370.4

241

51

52.4

3.1

6.0

84

4029

185.2

330

65

12

78.6

6.9

9.0

56

1194

123.5

419

80

16

104.8

12.4

10.0

42

504

92.6

508

94

25.5

0.8

2.9

317

60887

699.7

241

102

51.0

3.0

5.8

158

7611

349.8

330

131

12

76.6

6.8

8.7

106

2255

233.2

419

160

16

102.1

12.0

10.0

79

951

174.9

508

189

41.2

1.2

4.5

37

7746

89.0

241

45

178

255

210

150

82.4

4.7

9.0

19

968

44.5

330

51

267

257

298

154

12

123.6

10.5

10.0

12

287

29.7

419

58

356

260

387

159

16

164.9

18.6

10.0

121

22.3

508

64

445

264

476

164

26.2

0.7

2.8

177

37480

430.7

241

54

52.4

2.9

5.7

88

4685

215.3

330

69

12

78.5

6.6

8.5

59

1388

143.6

419

84

16

104.7

11.8

10.0

44

586

107.7

508

99

25.5

0.7

2.8

334

70797

813.5

241

107

51.0

2.9

5.5

167

8850

406.8

330

138

12

76.5

6.4

8.3

111

2622

271.2

419

168

16

102.0

11.4

10.0

83

1106

203.4

508

199

10.5

1000
Effective
Area
8779 cm2

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

3.5

1000
Effective
Area
8766 cm2

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

21

1000
Effective
Area
8681 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

10.5

950
Effective
Area
7956 cm2

OAL
(mm)

3.5

950
Effective
Area
7943 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

21

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

950m

AS

WW

10.5

16

L, C

825

45

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 46

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API-5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.75 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

42
Effective
Area
1476 in.2

46

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.62

0.04

4.3

2177

500811

8923

9 1/2

104

661

8 1/4

383

3.24

0.17

8.6

1089

62601

4461

13

119

10 1/2

666

11 3/4

392

12

4.86

0.39

10.0

726

18549

2974

16 1/2

133

14

673

15 1/4

403

16

6.47

0.70

10.0

544

7825

2231

20

148

17 1/2

683

18 3/4

416

1.03

0.03

2.7

10409 2422175

43156

9 1/2

124

2.06

0.11

5.4

5204

302772

21578

13

159

12

3.09

0.25

8.1

3470

89710

14385

16 1/2

193

16

4.12

0.44

10.0

2602

37846

10789

20

228

1.00

0.03

2.6

19633 4575124

81514

9 1/2

248

2.01

0.11

5.3

9816

571890

40757

13

319

12

3.01

0.24

7.9

6544

169449

27171

16 1/2

389

16

4.01

0.43

10.0

4908

71486

20379

20

459

1.61

0.04

4.1

2282

574600

10238

9 1/2

108

701

8 3/4

405

3.23

0.17

8.2

1141

71825

5119

13

124

11 1/2

706

12 1/4

415

12

4.84

0.37

10.0

761

21281

3413

16 1/2

140

15

713

15 3/4

426

16

6.46

0.66

10.0

571

8978

2559

20

155

18 1/2

723

19 1/4

439

1.61

0.04

3.9

2388

655302

11675

9 1/2

113

731

8 3/4

422

3.22

0.16

7.8

1194

81913

5838

13

129

11 1/2

736

12 1/4

433

12

4.84

0.36

10.0

796

24270

3892

16 1/2

146

15

743

15 3/4

444

16

6.45

0.64

10.0

597

10239

2919

20

162

18 1/2

753

19 1/4

457

1.61

0.04

3.7

2493

743225

13242

9 1/2

118

8 1/2

851

485

3.22

0.15

7.5

1246

92903

6621

13

135

12

856

12 1/2

495

12

4.83

0.34

10.0

831

27527

4414

16 1/2

152

15 1/2

863

16

507

16

6.44

0.61

10.0

623

11613

3310

20

169

19

873

19 1/2

521

50

48
Effective
Area
1912 in.2

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

50

46
Effective
Area
1760 in.2

OAL
(In.)

300

44
Effective
Area
1615 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

150

42
Effective
Area
1495 in.2

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.

50

42
Effective
Area
1493 in.2

42" TO 48" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

50

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

48

AT

WW

50

L, C

316

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:46 PM

Page 47

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

1050MM TO 1200MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

1050
Effective
Area
9519 cm2

41.1

1.1

4.3

39

8946

102.8

241

47

178

300

210

173

82.2

4.4

8.6

19

1118

51.4

330

54

267

302

298

178

12

123.3

10.0

10.0

13

331

34.3

419

61

356

305

387

183

16

164.5

17.7

10.0

10

140

25.7

508

67

445

310

476

188

26.2

0.7

2.7

186

43269

497.2

241

56

52.3

2.8

5.4

93

5409

248.6

330

72

12

78.5

6.3

8.1

62

1603

165.7

419

88

16

104.7

11.2

10.0

46

676

124.3

508

103

25.5

0.7

2.6

351

81728

939.2

241

113

51.0

2.7

5.3

175

10216

469.6

330

145

12

76.4

6.1

7.9

117

3027

313.1

419

176

16

101.9

10.9

10.0

88

1277

234.8

508

208

41.0

1.1

4.1

41

10264

117.9

241

49

203

318

222

184

82.0

4.2

8.2

20

1283

59.0

330

56

292

320

311

188

12

123.1

9.5

10.0

14

380

39.3

419

63

381

323

400

193

16

164.1

16.9

10.0

10

160

29.5

508

70

470

328

489

199

40.9

1.0

3.9

43

11706

134.5

241

51

203

332

222

191

81.9

4.0

7.8

21

1463

67.3

330

59

292

334

311

196

12

122.8

9.1

10.0

14

434

44.8

419

66

381

337

400

201

16

163.8

16.1

10.0

11

183

33.6

508

74

470

341

489

207

40.9

1.0

3.7

45

13277

152.6

241

53

216

386

229

220

81.8

3.9

7.5

22

1660

76.3

330

61

305

388

318

225

12

122.7

8.7

10.0

15

492

50.9

419

69

394

391

406

230

16

163.6

15.5

10.0

11

207

38.1

508

77

483

396

495

236

3.5

1200
Effective
Area
12337 cm2

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

3.5

1150
Effective
Area
11357 cm2

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

21

1100
Effective
Area
10418 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

10.5

1050
Effective
Area
9643 cm2

OAL
(mm)

3.5

1050
Effective
Area
9630 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

3.5

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

1200m

AT

WW

3.5

L, C

316

47

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:47 PM

Page 48

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

50" TO 60" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A516-70
25 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
25 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.


Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

50
Effective
Area
2134 in.2

48

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.47

0.04

3.2

5341

1548020

31662

9 3/4

132

8 3/4

901

9 1/4

516

2.93

0.14

6.4

2671

193503

15831

13 1/2

155

12 1/2

904

13

530

4.40

0.32

9.7

1780

57334

10554

17 1/4

179

16 1/4

909

16 3/4

544

5.86

0.56

10.0

1335

24188

7915

21

203

20

915

20 1/2

559

10

7.33

0.88

10.0

1068

12384

6332

24 3/4

227

23 3/4

924

24 1/4

575

12

8.79

1.26

10.0

890

7167

5277

28 1/2

250

27 1/2

934

28

592

1.46

0.03

3.1

5559

1737218

35531

9 3/4

136

8 3/4

951

9 1/4

544

2.92

0.14

6.2

2780

217152

17766

13 1/2

161

12 1/2

954

13

557

4.39

0.30

9.3

1853

64341

11844

17 1/4

186

16 1/4

959

16 3/4

572

5.85

0.54

10.0

1390

27144

8883

21

211

20

965

20 1/2

588

10

7.31

0.84

10.0

1112

13898

7106

24 3/4

235

23 3/4

974

24 1/4

605

12

8.77

1.22

10.0

927

8043

5922

28 1/2

260

27 1/2

984

28

622

1.46

0.03

3.0

5777

1941233

39704

9 3/4

141

8 3/4

1001

9 1/4

571

2.92

0.13

6.0

2889

242654

19852

13 1/2

167

12 1/2

1004

13

585

4.38

0.29

8.9

1926

71898

13235

17 1/4

193

16 1/4

1009

16 3/4

601

5.83

0.52

10.0

1444

30332

9926

21

218

20

1015

20 1/2

617

10

7.29

0.81

10.0

1155

15530

7941

24 3/4

244

23 3/4

1024

24 1/4

634

12

8.75

1.17

10.0

963

8987

6617

28 1/2

270

27 1/2

1034

28

652

1.53

0.03

2.8

6432

2647763

54155

9 3/4

156

9 1/4

1281

9 1/2

719

3.05

0.12

5.6

3216

330970

27077

13 1/2

185

13

1284

13 1/4

734

4.58

0.28

8.5

2144

98065

18052

17 1/4

213

16 3/4

1289

17

751

6.11

0.49

10.0

1608

41371

13539

21

242

20 1/2

1295

20 3/4

768

10

7.64

0.77

10.0

1286

21182

10831

24 3/4

270

24 1/4

1304

24 1/2

787

12

9.16

1.11

10.0

1072

12258

9026

28 1/2

299

28

1314

28 1/4

806

50

60
Effective
Area
3031 in.2

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

50

54
Effective
Area
2474 in.2

OAL
(In.)

50

52
Effective
Area
2301 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

25

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

60

AS

WW

25

10

L, C, PT

321

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:47 PM

Page 49

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

1250MM TO 1500MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

1250
Effective
Area
13767 cm2

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

37.2

0.9

3.2

95

27653

364.8

248

60

222

409

235

234

74.4

3.6

6.4

48

3457

182.4

343

70

318

410

330

240

111.6

8.0

9.7

32

1024

121.6

438

81

413

412

425

247

148.9

14.3

10.0

24

432

91.2

533

92

508

415

521

254

10

186.1

22.3

10.0

19

221

629

103

603

419

616

261

12

223.3

32.1

10.0

16

128

60.8

724

113

699

424

711

269

37.1

0.9

3.1

99

31033

409.4

248

62

222

431

235

247

74.3

3.4

6.2

50

3879

204.7

343

73

318

433

330

253

111.4

7.7

9.3

33

1149

136.5

438

84

413

435

425

260

148.5

13.7

10.0

25

485

102.3

533

95

508

438

521

267

10

185.7

21.4

10.0

20

248

81.9

629

107

603

442

616

274

12

222.8

30.9

10.0

17

144

68.2

724

118

699

446

711

282

37.1

0.8

3.0

103

34678

457.4

248

64

222

454

235

259

74.1

3.3

6.0

52

4335

228.7

343

76

318

455

330

266

111.2

7.4

8.9

34

1284

152.5

438

87

413

457

425

272

148.2

13.2

10.0

26

542

114.4

533

99

508

460

521

280

10

185.3

20.6

10.0

21

277

91.5

629

111

603

464

616

287

12

222.3

29.7

10.0

17

161

76.2

724

122

699

469

711

296

38.8

0.8

2.8

115

47299

623.9

248

71

235

581

241

326

77.6

3.1

5.6

57

5912

312.0

343

84

330

582

337

333

116.4

7.0

8.5

38

1752

208.0

438

97

425

584

432

341

155.2

12.5

10.0

29

739

156.0

533

110

521

587

527

349

10

193.9

19.5

10.0

23

378

124.8

629

123

616

591

622

357

12

232.7

28.1

10.0

19

219

104.0

724

135

711

596

718

366

3.5

1500
Effective
Area
19556 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

3.5

1350
Effective
Area
15961 cm2

OAL
(mm)

3.5

1300
Effective
Area
14844 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

1.8

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

1500m

AS

WW

1.8

10

L, C, PT

321

49

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:47 PM

Page 50

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

66" TO 96" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A516-70
25 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
25 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.


Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

66
Effective
Area
3645 in.2

50

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

1.52

0.03

2.6

7086

3507747

71744

9 3/4

171

9 1/4

1481

9 1/2

826

3.04

0.11

5.1

3543

438468

35872

13 1/2

202

13

1484

13 1/4

843

4.56

0.25

7.7

2362

129917

23915

17 1/4

234

16 3/4

1489

17

861

6.07

0.45

10.0

1771

54809

17936

21

265

20 1/2

1495

20 3/4

880

10

7.59

0.70

10.0

1417

28062

14349

24 3/4

297

24 1/4

1504

24 1/2

900

12

9.11

1.00

10.0

1181

16240

11957

28 1/2

328

28

1514

28 1/4

921

1.51

0.03

2.3

7740

4536264

92780

9 3/4

186

9 1/4

1701

9 1/2

943

3.02

0.10

4.7

3870

567033

46390

13 1/2

220

13

1704

13 1/4

962

4.54

0.23

7.0

2580

168010

30927

17 1/4

254

16 3/4

1709

17

981

6.05

0.41

9.4

1935

70879

23195

21

289

20 1/2

1715

20 3/4

1002

10

7.56

0.64

10.0

1548

36290

18556

24 3/4

323

24 1/4

1724

24 1/2

1023

12

9.07

0.92

10.0

1290

21001

15463

28 1/2

357

28

1734

28 1/4

1046

1.50

0.02

2.0

9049

7159214 146428

9 3/4

216

9 3/4

2001

9 3/4

1108

3.00

0.09

4.0

4524

894902

73214

13 1/2

256

13 1/2

2004

13 1/2

1130

4.51

0.20

6.0

3016

265156

48809

17 1/4

295

17 1/4

2009

17 1/4

1152

6.01

0.35

8.0

2262

111863

36607

21

335

21

2015

21

1175

10

7.51

0.55

10.0

1810

57274

29286

24 3/4

375

24 3/4

2024

24 3/4

1200

12

9.01

0.78

10.0

1508

33145

24405

28 1/2

415

28 1/2

2034

28 1/2

1225

1.49

0.02

1.7

10357 10637239 217564

9 3/4

245

10 1/4

3301

10

1773

2.98

0.08

3.5

5179

13 1/2

291

14

3304

13 3/4

1797

4.47

0.17

5.2

3452

393972

72521

17 1/4

337

17 3/4

3309

17 1/2

1823

5.96

0.30

7.0

2589

166207

54391

21

382

21 1/2

3315

21 1/4

1849

10

7.45

0.47

8.7

2071

85098

43513

24 3/4

428

25 1/4

3324

25

1876

12

8.94

0.68

10.0

1726

49246

36261

28 1/2

473

29

3334

28 3/4

1904

25

96
Effective
Area
7562 in.2

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

25

84
Effective
Area
5826 in.2

OAL
(In.)

25

72
Effective
Area
4315 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

1329655 108782

25

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

96

AS

AA

HL, C

304

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:47 PM

Page 51

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

1650MM TO 2400MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

1650
Effective
Area
23516 cm2

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

38.6

0.7

2.6

127

62661

826.6

248

78

235

672

241

375

77.1

2.8

5.1

63

7833

413.3

343

92

330

673

337

382

115.7

6.4

7.7

42

2321

275.5

438

106

425

675

432

391

154.3

11.3

10.0

32

979

206.6

533

120

521

678

527

399

10

192.8

17.7

10.0

25

501

165.3

629

134

616

682

622

408

12

231.4

25.5

10.0

21

290

137.8

724

149

711

687

718

418

38.4

0.6

2.3

138

81034

1068.9

248

84

235

771

241

428

76.8

2.6

4.7

69

10129

534.5

343

100

330

773

337

436

115.2

5.8

7.0

46

3001

356.3

438

115

425

775

432

445

153.7

10.4

9.4

35

1266

267.2

533

131

521

778

527

454

10

192.1

16.2

10.0

28

648

213.8

629

146

616

782

622

464

12

230.5

23.3

10.0

23

375

178.2

724

162

711

786

718

474

38.2

0.6

2.0

162

127890

1687.0

248

98

248

907

248

503

76.3

2.2

4.0

81

15986

843.5

343

116

343

909

343

512

114.5

5.0

6.0

54

4737

562.3

438

134

438

911

438

522

152.6

8.9

8.0

40

1998

421.8

533

152

533

914

533

533

10

190.8

13.8

10.0

32

1023

337.4

629

170

629

918

629

544

12

228.9

19.9

10.0

27

592

281.2

724

188

724

923

724

555

37.9

0.5

1.7

185

190020

2506.6

248

111

260

1497

254

804

75.7

1.9

3.5

93

23752

1253.3

343

132

356

1498

349

815

113.6

4.3

5.2

62

7038

835.5

438

153

451

1500

445

827

151.4

7.7

7.0

46

2969

626.7

533

173

546

1503

540

838

10

189.3

12.1

8.7

37

1520

501.3

629

194

641

1507

635

851

12

227.2

17.4

10.0

31

880

417.8

724

215

737

1512

730

863

1.8

2400
Effective
Area
48788 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

1.8

2100
Effective
Area
37585 cm2

OAL
(mm)

1.8

1800
Effective
Area
27841 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

1.8

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

2400m

AS

AA

.35

HL, C

304

51

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:47 PM

Page 52

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

108" TO 144" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any nonconcurrent movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 20, step 5.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life refer to page 20, step 5 or
contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should always
be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A516-70
25 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
25 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

* For available angular rotation, contact factory.


Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(In.)
(psig) lutions

108
Effective
Area
9525 in.2

52

0.02

1.5

11666 15090967 308656

9 3/4

275

2.98

0.07

3.1

5833

1886371 154328

13 1/2

326

4.47

0.15

4.6

3889

558925 102885

17 1/4

378

5.95

0.27

6.2

2916

235796

77164

21

429

10

7.44

0.42

7.7

2333

120728

61731

24 3/4

480

12

8.93

0.61

9.3

1944

69866

51443

28 1/2

532

1.49

0.02

1.4

12975 20641027 422172

9 3/4

305

2.97

0.06

2.8

6487

2580128 211086

13 1/2

362

4.46

0.14

4.2

4325

764482 140724

17 1/4

419

5.95

0.24

5.6

3244

322516 105543

21

476

10

7.43

0.38

7.0

2595

165128

84434

24 3/4

533

12

8.92

0.55

8.4

2162

95560

70362

28 1/2

590

1.48

0.01

1.3

14283 27408045 560578

9 3/4

335

2.97

0.06

2.5

7142

3426006 280289

13 1/2

397

4.45

0.12

3.8

4761

1015113 186859

17 1/4

460

5.94

0.22

5.1

3571

428251 140145

21

523

10

7.42

0.35

6.3

2857

219264 112116

24 3/4

585

12

8.91

0.50

7.6

2381

126889

93430

28 1/2

648

1.48

0.01

1.2

15592 35512650 726342

9 3/4

364

2.96

0.05

2.3

7796

4439081 363171

13 1/2

433

4.44

0.11

3.5

5197

1315283 242114

17 1/4

501

5.92

0.20

4.6

3898

554885 181586

21

569

10

7.40

0.32

5.8

3118

284101 145268

24 3/4

638

12

8.88

0.46

7.0

2599

164410 121057

28 1/2

706

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(In.)
(Lbs.)

25

144
Effective
Area
16770 in.2

1.49

WW
Weight
(Lbs.)

25

132
Effective
Area
14129 in.2

OAL
(In.)

25

120
Effective
Area
11714 in.2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(In.)
(In.)
(Deg.) (Lbs/In.) (Lbs/In.) (In.-Lb/Deg)

25

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

English

144

AT

WW

25

L, C

600

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:47 PM

Page 53

SINGLE EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

2700MM TO 3600MM SIZE

For information on
Plate Flanges (PP) and Angle Flanges (AA),
see pages 17 and 18.

METRIC
Nominal
No. of
Diameter Pressure Convo(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) lutions

2700
Effective
Area
61451 cm2

37.8

0.4

1.5

208

269580

3556.1

248

125

75.6

1.7

3.1

104

33697

1778.1

343

148

113.4

3.9

4.6

69

9984

1185.4

438

171

151.2

6.9

6.2

52

4212

889.0

533

195

10

189.1

10.7

7.7

42

2157

711.2

629

218

12

226.9

15.5

9.3

35

1248

592.7

724

241

37.8

0.4

1.4

232

368724

4864.0

248

138

75.5

1.5

2.8

116

46091

2432.0

343

164

113.3

3.5

4.2

77

13656

1621.3

438

190

151.0

6.2

5.6

58

5761

1216.0

533

216

10

188.8

9.7

7.0

46

2950

972.8

629

242

12

226.6

13.9

8.4

39

1707

810.7

724

267

37.7

0.4

1.3

255

489608

6458.6

248

152

75.4

1.4

2.5

128

61201

3229.3

343

180

113.2

3.2

3.8

85

18134

2152.9

438

209

150.9

5.6

5.1

64

7650

1614.6

533

237

10

188.6

8.8

6.3

51

3917

1291.7

629

265

12

226.3

12.7

7.6

43

2267

1076.4

724

294

37.6

0.3

1.2

279

634385

8368.4

248

165

75.2

1.3

2.3

139

79298

4184.2

343

196

112.8

2.9

3.5

93

23496

2789.5

438

227

150.4

5.1

4.6

70

9912

2092.1

533

258

10

188.0

8.0

5.8

56

5075

1673.7

629

289

12

225.6

11.6

7.0

46

2937

1394.7

724

320

FF/VV
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

FW/VW
OAL
Weight
(mm)
(Kg)

1.8

3600
Effective
Area
108195 cm2

WW
Weight
(Kg)

1.8

3300
Effective
Area
91154 cm2

OAL
(mm)

1.8

3000
Effective
Area
75573 cm2

Non-Concurrent
Axial
Lateral Angular
Axial
Lateral Angular Spring Rate Spring Rate Spring Rate
(mm)
(mm)
(Deg.) (Kg/mm) (Kg/mm) (Kg-M/Deg)

1.8

PART NUMBER EXAMPLE

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

NO. CONS

ACCESSORIES

BELLOWS MATERIAL

Metric

3600m

AT

WW

1.8

L, C

600

53

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:49 PM

Page 54

-[HOW TO SPECIFY A
SPECIAL
NOTE
If a non-standard flange
rating is required or a
non-standard weld end
thickness is required or if
the fittings are nonstandard materials, those
preferences must be
stated along with the part
number.

STEP
2

Identify the style (AU for Dual


unrestrained, AUT for Dual Tied,
AUH for Dual Hinged, and AUG
for Dual Gimbal) using the illustrations at
the top of each data page.

STEP
1

Universal expansion joints are specified


with a part number that starting with
the nominal pipe size. If the part is
metric, the pipe size should have an M suffix
so that all units are in metric(millimeters and
bar). Go the data page that shows the size
required for a universal expansion joint.

See applications descriptions on


pages 10 to 13.
configuration
the piping
spool. This
forces in
by a pipe
and angular thrust
separated
can accept
extension no pressure
the expansion joint
two bellows
sion and
which produce
using a
consist of
the singles,
thrust, the
are devices and like
to axial compres
created by
ion Joints
thrust
additionion Joints
g thrust is
ing the pressure
nts, in
AU Expans
d Expans
resist pressure
The balancin
moveme
to eliminat
Universal
Balance restraintsIntoaddition
thrust. movements.
large lateral
Pressure have noanchors.
pressure
and angular
accommodates expansion joints
the main
g to handle
anchorinextension, lateral
the
system on
These
separate
bellows in
sion, axial
deflection.
or double
must provide
axial compres
the
of a single
piping designer
length
bellows.
rods attach
can consist
balancing
with overall
elbow. Tie
not
the tie rods
have one
n joints which
A
ASICATI
to resist the
side of the
APPL
n joints do
a single bellows pressure thrust.
are expansio
Under pressure bellows
a single
ion Joints
on the back
g and guiding
AH have
These expansio
g
d Elbows
odate
is feasible,
anchorin
flow bellows.
Joints
of equal area
Single Expans accommodated.
Balance
guiding
the balancin
to accomm
end of the
g andion
g bellows
with separate
Expans
Pressure
r, the
can be
designed
single plane.
in service,
e
a
outboard
nt
system
balancin
anchorin
ses
a
in
Hinged
the
the
Howeve
nt
to
and
hardwar
moveme
compres
forces.
and proper
bellows
must provide
d by hinge
flow section,
angular moveme
flow bellows
balancing
pressure thrust
nts are involved on. restraine
A pressure
piping designer
force. If the
end of the
n joint allows
anchors to
equipment.
outboard
nts and
thermal moveme
ical installati
pressure thrust
the adjacent
hinged expansio
on the adjacent
Where small
with the
lateral moveme
most econom
without exposing nts are imposed
are loaded
extension,
joint is the
SAL AU
overall length
UNIVER
same amount
sion, axial
expansion
two moveme
spool with
AH
extends the
with bellows
axial compres
by a pipe
Joints dcontain
HINGED
ionassociate
to can accept
be
forces
Expans
n joint
bellows separated
designed
spring
n joint can
expansio
tie rods
have two
Tied, AUT
type
al
and
n
expansio
A
l
Joints
elbow
ion
Univers
rod
expansio
pipe spool
by abalanced
A two tie
pressure thrust. in
only. A universa
motion.
AUH Expans
force. These
thrustangular
to contain
equipment.
movement
Hinged
bellows separatedthe pressure
designed
movements
adjacent
very limited
Universal
odate lateral
hardware
e forces on
large lateral
to accomm
by hinge
contain pressure
designed
force to minimiz
n joint accepts
restrained
generally
l expansio
plane.
lateral spring
forces.
joints are
as a
very low
in a single
hinged universa
low spring
and contract
to have a
deflection
of
with very
designed
angular
, do not expand
a single plane
n of the length
also accept
therefore
can
expansio
and,
must
tures
design
D AS
design
the thermal
RATINE
ambient tempera pipe. As a result,
The bellows
UNREST
at or near
the
movement.
SINGLE
are usually
as an axial
media within
nt.
The tie rods
ture of the
into the bellows
lateral moveme
is forced
of the tempera
the specified
function
end plates
AUH
as well as
the tie rod
expansion
SAL HINGED
pipe between
on the adjacent
UNIVER
axial thermal
in
odate this
reaction loads
nts areaccomm
very low
the moveme
nts with
systems if
large moveme
hot piping
odate very
the
for large diameter
can accomm
to accept
ge system
application
al) bellows
attractive
A three-hin
double (univers
This is a very
d by tie rods
single or
bellows with
hardware
equipment.
is restraine
consist of
that
can and gimbal
nts. An oversize
chamber
ion Joints
plane.
overall length
tie rods
bellows
the
moveme
the
Expans
operates
the same
e
d
that
single
except
annular pressure and contain the
and lateral
Balance
offset so have a
n joint hardwar
create an
one bellows,
extension
Pressure
for lateral
nts in
ion Joints accept angular
elements
is used to
also have
In-Line
designed
gimbal expansio angular moveme
compression,
AG Expansrod design can
pipe runs
the bellows
ion Joints
flow bellows
is usually
thrust. The
tie
Gimbal A twopressure
odate
induced axial
used to link
AT Expans
area of the
used in straight that cannot
A tied single
piping
to accomm
AUT
times the
Tie rods are
typically
thrust force.to resist
Tied Single
SAL TIED
a drive shaft
pressure thrust.
ately two
joints are
equipment
thrust force.
the pressure designed
UNIVER
l joint on
approxim
to contain
expansion
to rotating
g pressure
loaded with
designed
balanced
or adjacent
like the universa
a balancin
engaged and
resistant)
produces
In-Line pressure
remain fully
plane.
pressure thrust
any plane.
thrust force.
(non
in a single
pressure
n
iate anchors
the two
deflectio
loads.
intermed
except that
weight on
ly applied
between
AG
excessive
universals
n joint to
large external
GIMBAL
that can exert
system such
to the hinged
the expansio
operate with
a support
center spool
ability of
are similar
the
ent is the
lateral loads,
ion Joints
a very heavy
weight of
arrangem
the dead
n joint has
from excessive
AUG Expans
e of this
to support
l expansio
elements
Gimbaled
The advantag
a universa
the bellows
bellows elements
Universal
gimbal type.
ent angular
Sometimes
To protect
individual
joints are
elements.
across the
nts and independ
expansion
the bellows
be installed
hardware
lateral moveme
hinge can
by hinge
accept large
as a slotted
restrained
in a single
in any plane.
movement
overall length
movements
angular
center spool.
bellows with
n joint allows
have a single
Joints AH
hinged expansio
11
thrust. A
Expansion
AT
Hinged
odate pressure
TIED SINGLE
to accomm
designed
plane.
L AUG
SAL GIMBA
UNIVER
low reaction
nts with very
systems
large moveme
hot piping
odate very
diameter
can accomm
on for large
and a hinge
e applicati
of two gimbals
very attractiv
This is a
consisting
A system
equipment.
a single plane.
and not in
the adjacent
on
loads
are complex
movements
10
even if the

angular
lateral and
ATIONS]-
D)and extension, pressure thrust. The
-[ APPLIC
compression
internal
(CONTINUE
ONS
bellows. Axial
restrain the
pressure thrust.

STEP 5 EXAMPLE
A 12 - 150 PSIG expansion joint is
required to accept 1 of axial compression
and 2.5 of lateral offset. The 150 PSIG
catalog part with 36 of live length has a
catalog rated lateral offset of 3.87 and
catalog rated axial movement of 2.03.
The example would use up 2.5/3.87 or
65% of the available catalog lateral
movement and 1/2.03 or 49% of the
available catalog axial movement or 65%
+ 49% = 114% of the rated movement.
That is unacceptable. Going to a 48 live
length the calculation becomes 2.5/5.58
or 45% of the catalog lateral movement
and 1/2.03 or 49% of the available catalog
axial movement or 45%+ 49% = 94% of
the rated movement. That works because
the total is less than 100%. Therefore, the
number 48 goes in the part number.

12

Nominal
Pipe Size

Style

End
Fittings

English

24

AUT

FF

Metric

600 m

AUT

FF

STEP
5

Select the Live Length based on movement capability and/or spring rate. The live
length is the distance from the outboard end of one bellows element to the outboard
end of the second bellows element. The length of end fittings are added to this
dimension to determine the assembly overall length. Selection of live length is an iterative
process. Working with the movement data for the size and pressure class required, compare the
movements required with the movements available for a given live length. An acceptable design
satisfies the following equation.

MODIFY SPRING RATE

Required Axial Movement + Required Lateral Movement + Required Angular Movement < 1
Catalog Rated Axial
Catalog Rated Lateral
Catalog Rated Angular

MODIFY CYCLE LIFE


The catalog movements are based on a cycle life of 2000 using the Expansion Joint Manufacturer
Associations calculation method. If a higher cycle life is required, the available catalog movements
should be reduced by the following amount before the above calculation is performed.
Desired Cycle Life
Catalog Movement Reduction Factor

2000
1

3000
.905

5000
.801

7000
.741

10000
.683

MODIFY CYCLE LIFE EXAMPLE


A 84 live length would be required if the required cycle life were 5000. The catalog
movements for a 12 150 PSIG universal expansion joint with 84 live length are 2.03
available axial compression, 10.78 available lateral offset. The calculation for 5000 cycles
using the above example would look like: 1/(.801*2.03) + 2.5/(.801*10.78) = .61 + .29 =
.90 or 90% of the available movement. The 84 live length works for a required cycle life
of 5000. The OAL is 84 + (2*3 3/4)(end connectors) = 90.5 (see pages 56-57).

METAL
JOINTS

SIZE
100MM
50MM TO
tion
End Connec

N
in the piping
EXPANSIO
thrust forces
accept
UNIVERSAL
no pressure
Style
n joint can
which produce
using a
the expansio
Flange
thrust,
are devices
created by
F Forged
End
pressure
Weld
the
ion Joints
g thrust is
ing W
d Expans
to eliminat
nts. The balancin
Balance AUT
configuration
addition
Pressure
Tied In
in the piping
spool. This
angular moveme
anchors.
AUD
angular thrust forces
by a pipe
the mainUniversal
lateral and
n and
accept
separated
the
system on
extension,
no pressure
inextensio
Universal
n joint can
bellows
d)
two bellows
sion, axial
sion and
which produce
double
singles, the
using a
(Unrestraine
the expansio
or compres
consist of
axial compres
are devices
the
to axial
created by
and like the thrust,
of a single
ion Joints
thrust
addition
length
bellows.
g thrust is
ionE Joints
rods attach
in Expans
Elbow pressure
ing the pressure
nts, consist
AU Expans
which can
balancing
dEnd of the
with overall
elbow.
resist Tie
moveme
to eliminat the tie rodsnts. The balancin
to
Universal
n joints
e Balance
restraintsIn addition
pressure
thrust. moveme
V Vanstone
large lateral
thrust. A
noside
back
upon a single
Pressur
are expansio
Refer to
Under
: ASTM
greater movement
have
pressure
anchors.
on the
are based
and angularg bellows
AH have temperature should
Elbowsodates
BELLOWS add to part number.
bellows.
handle
n joints
d accomm
odate pressure
4. To obtain
ratings
the main
g to
equal area
Joints
n, lateral
expansio
(mm)
pressure
ion
of the flow
and angular Pressure Balance AUG Gimal g n.
the balancin
material,
Actual operating to accomm
the
system on
Theseof
end anchorin
extensio
bellows
end
5. Catalog
Expans
service,
axial
, the
A53/A106 40
Univerval
separate
OAL
n, lateral
designed
single plane.
inFitting
e of 800F.
pressure
e
bellows in
a
outboard
Length of
balancin
sion,
deflectio
ses
The
a
in
Hinged
assembly
the
However
flange
ch.
provide
extensio
nt
to
and
PIPE: ASTMSeries:
hardwar for maximum
temperatur
D)and
compres
compres
or double
must
LL to obtain thrust forces.
AUH thrust.
moveme
g bellows
specified.
pressure
the
50 lb.
designer
(mm) axial flow bellows Add to
d bybehinge
flow section,
of a single
Sch. 40
compression
page 16angular
always
E
balancin
seeallows
piping
the
(CONTINUE
pressure
length
restraine
the internal Universal Hingedthrust.
rods attach
A pressure
of the
can consist
Lateral Movementforce. Ifbalancing bellows.
W
overall
ONS
150 lb. Series:
n joint
bellows. Axial
Sch. 40
anchorsFto
unit is flanged,
which nts
working pressure.
with end
not restrain
and of the elbow. Tie
thrust
the pressure
equipmennt.
6. Ifexpansio
the tie rods
joints
outboard
have one
Rate (Kg/mm) the adjacent
A
resistMETRIC
bellows
x maximumn joints do
ASICATI
mm LL
side
APPL
300 lb. Series: A105/A36/A516-70
hingedratings.
moveme
the pressure
1 1/2 expansio
a single Axial
Joints
on the adjacent
Lateral Spring
guiding to
withthrust.
are expansio
Under pressure bellows
exposing
the back
B16.5 R.F.S.O.
mm LL 2133
lateral
a single
pressure:
68.
ion
have
and
n,
on
1219
pressure
g
ANSI
: ASTM
test
page
loaded
lb.
AH
76
imposed
LL
These
Elbows
area
on
without
bellows.
g
are
feasible,
d
Expans
length
150
are
extensio
is
FLANGES Series:
914 mm
flow
nts aree Balance
Joints
(mm)odate
7. Maximum odated.
102
of equal
B16.5 R.F.S.O. Single
amount
overall
ion
guiding
368
the balancin
separate anchorin spool
to accomm
same
with
sion,25axial
moveme
610 mm LL
50 lb.
end of the
accomm torque values
plane.
g and
the
g bellows
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
the
Pressur
207
compres
can be
designed
8. Maximum
in service,
457 mm LL d with bellows
pipe Expans
AH
a single
Axial
system with
a anchorin
inextends
Hinged
by
However,
nt
to the outboard
153 accept axial
and a balancin
150 lb. Series:
hardware Nominal
Press.
movement
305 mm LL
300 lb. ANSIHINGED
compresses
provide the
and proper
associate
can flow section,0.002
moveme
separated
Size
99
g bellows 76
(Kg/mm)
2
thrust forces.
Fitting (In.)d by hinge
involved
flow bellows
0.006
300 lb. Series: Steel
(Kg/Cm )
72 expansion joint
arebellows
spring forces
of endrestraine
two
designer must
OAL
allows angular
to pressure
A pressure
of the balancin
Length
(mm)
havents
102 force. If the
0.011
piping
nt.
Carbon Steel
assembly
joint
type
45
end
on.
Carbon
n
368
A
moveme
anchors
Joints
obtain
25
to
and
thrust
0.026
equipme
ion(In.)
installati
24balanced elbow
COVERS: GIMBALS, HINGES:
thrust.
outboard
207
ical
Add to LL
the adjacent
Expans
small thermal
0.049 motion.
Steel
hinged expansio
pressure
movements
the pressure
E
153
AUH
on the adjacent
exposing
TIE RODS, Series Stainless
most econom
0.124 angular
0.004
n, lateral
Lateral Movementis to
W
99
thecontain
ntsFin
3.5
loaded with
Hinged Where
3.6very limited
are0.012
300
are imposed
76
joint
SAL AU
designed
72
en
amount without
LINERS:
axial extensio
overall length
Universal
Rate (Lbs./In.)
lateral moveme
102
UNIVER
0.022
movements
hardwar
expansio
84 LL
45
two
368
the same
large
spool with
33
Axial
compression,
bellows
0.051
by hinge Lateral Spring
pipe18
AH
48 LL
contain
d
accepts
extends
3
a
207
with
axial
d
by
joint
LL
Joints
0.096
n
36
4
50
HINGED
153
ion
(In.)restraine
associate
to can accept
separated
be
14.48
0.242
l expansio24 LL
1
0.006
forces
Expans
99
n joint
bellowsEffective
10.5
designed
forces.
7
spring
AUT
8.13
0.02
95
n joint can
18 LL
expansio
72
tie rods
Axialhinged universa
have two
Nominal
low spring 6.02
type
al Tied,
and
A
102 n
0.037
l expansio
12 LL
Press.
44
0.1
Area
spool
elbow
368
ion Joints
Univers
rod
with very
3.9
29 expansio
pipe
Size
0.088
(Lbs./In.)
14
0.3
by abalanced
3
207
A two tie
pressure thrust.37 cm
only. A universa
motion.
2.84
(psig)
0.166
AUH Expans
force. These
a single plane
4
0.6
153
in
(In.)
angular
thrust
to contain
1.79
equipment.
movement
Hinged
14.48
0.419
1
0.002
bellows99separated
1.5
21
limited
designed
movements
12
0.96
very
8.13 al
the pressure
on adjacent
95
3
Univers
0.006
odate lateral 102 e forces
72
hardware
pressure
6.02
large lateral
7
0.011
45
to accomm
0.2
368
by hinge
contain
50
3.9
29 to minimiz
0.027
designed
199
32
0.7 d
3
207
n joint accepts
restraine
2.84
0.05
generally
spring force
4
1.2
153
l expansio
1.79
plane.
lateral0.008
14.48
0.127
joints are
2.9
as a
99
3.5
1 5/16
0.7
spring forces.
2.5
8.13universa
in a single
a very low
95
5
0.024
hinged
n
contract
low
72
have
and
very
to
2
6.02
deflectio
102
0.044
of
14
with
45
0.4
368
designed
3.9
38
150
angular
0.105
, do not expand
389
23
1.1 plane
single
207
Effective
3 3/4
n of the length
2.84
0.197
also accept
65
4
2.1 a AUH
153
and, therefore
1.75
HINGED
Area
0.497
5
AS14.48
0.015
design can
99
1 1/8
SAL
thermal expansio
10.5
design must
0.54
9.8
Effective
the adjacent
8.13 D
temperatures
9UNIVER
0.047
72
a result, the
5.7 in.
loads on
6.02 RATINE
As 114
102
0.086
23
nt. The bellows
UNREST
Area
43
0.1
near ambient
in
pipe.
364
or
reaction
are
3.9
30
300
at
the
moveme
0.205
nts
SINGLE
low
673
16
0.3
203
3 3/4 the moveme
2.84
54 cm
0.384
as an axial
with very
4
media within
0.6
149
rods are usually
1.79
of the0.006
14.48nts 1 1/8
0.968
The tie 96
1.5
the bellows 114 lateral movement.
systems if
21.1
1.26
8.13 moveme
19.2
large
0.02
3
temperature
69
hot piping
forced into
of the0.037
6.02 very
7
odate
42
plates is
0.4
diameter
the specified
363
as102
function
50
3.9
the
accomm
0.09
140
AUH
35
1.4 large
tie rod end
198
on for
n as30well
3 3/4
2.84 can
the143
to accept
0.173
system
2.5
expansio
e applicati
1.79ge
SAL4 HINGED
l) bellows
adjacent
14.48
0.458
0.029
pipe between
5.9
88
1 1/2
3.5
A three-hin
UNIVER
(universa
0.89
5.2 loads on the
axial thermal
8.13
a very attractiv
0.093
114
is 11
61 in
or double
2.5
6.02
odate this
102
0.171
28 This
e
35
0.8
315
nts areaccomm
low reaction
of single43
bellows with
3.9
150
equipment.
0.416
546
18 the moveme
2.6
171 consist
Effective
that
4 1/2 and gimbal hardwar
An oversize
if
0.801
nts with
80 very systems
4
4.8
124
chamber
ion Joints
plane. 2.84
Area
2.12
14.35
0.035
11
movements.
76 Expans
pressure
large moveme
operates
10.5
1 3/16 a single bellows
the same1.69
8
Effective
0.63
the
24.3
hot piping
22
133
53Balanced
hardwarediameter
and lateral
have
an annular
odate very
8.3 in.
n 0.113
5.88
102
0.208
and contain
n joint for
54
Area
Joints
30
0.3
in
the
accomm
large
364 to create
Pressure
32
300
3.77
expansio
elements
0.506sion, extensio
is used
16In-Line
1.1 ion system can
1074
to accept
203
Expans
movements 80 cm
4 1/2 on
2.71
0.974 compres
pipe runs
4e applicati
the bellows
2.1AG three-hingethrust. The gimbal
l) bellows
axial
149 flow bellows
1.65
14.31 a1very
odate angular
2.577
A
5Gimbal
0.008 to link
(universa
in straight
3/16 attractiv
96area of the
21
pressureThis
30piping induced
used 133
1.38
is shaft
0.024
to accomm
10
or double
rods are used
69times the
that cannot
to resist 7.79
by tie rods
typically
nt. a 1.6
5.62
102
26
bellows with
42ately two
force. Tie
353joints are
hardware 0.109 thrust0.045
equipme
restrained
equipmentconsist of single
on drive
50
32
3.47designed
that
294
38approxim
gimbal
5.2
l joint
192
length is
can
4 1/2
expansion
to rotating
2.41
nts. An oversize
0.21g pressure
chamber
rods
ion Joints
plane.12.4
universa
4
9.6
139
bellows and0.557
the overall
the tie
1.36
the same
e operates
0.035 ) or adjacentd Expans
s a balancin
23like the
86pressure balanced
3.5
lateral moveme
so that
1 11/16
5
annular pressure and contain the
0.72
6.75
have a single
0.113 resistant e Balance
45
133 n and
bellows, except for lateral offset
59 In-Line
joint hardwar
thrust
nproduce
3
create an
angular
4.87
force.
plane.
102 extensio
Pressur
2 have one
nts in 0.506 (non 0.208
ion Joints
119
34
pressureIn-Line
expansio20
sion,
348
elements
accept
thrust
is used to
also
44
150
3.01any
can
Expans
moveme
designed
gimbal
6.3
compres
1359
Effective
Joints
bellows
190
AG
pressure
1/4
The
pipe runs
design
5
2.08
axial
90
is usually
0.974
link the bellows
iate anchors
4
the two
the flow
tie rod
Gimbal
137
odate angular
Expansion
thatthrust.
induced
1.18
twopressure
Area
loads. piping
14.35
2.577
AT 11.7
0.026
28
used in straight that cannot
are used to
A tied single
1 1/4
the area of
10.5
AUT
Effective
8
force.to A
ls except
resist
23between intermed 59
0.62
ly84applied
thrust.
to to accomm
typically
152 Tie rods
thrust
two times
12.4 in.
universa
L AG55Tied Single
joint shaft
SAL TIED0.084 ately364
force.
a drive
5.88 pressure
designed
102
Area
joints are
equipment
large external0.379
144
33
GIMBA
thrust
the pressure
UNIVER 0.156
joint on n
33
300
3.77
approxim
to contain
to the hinged
with0.4
expansion
to rotating
20operate with
1.4
1678
of thel expansio
203
g pressure
5 1/4
103 cm
2.71designed
the universa
0.729
are similar
2.5 and loaded
like4ability
149
the
) or adjacent
s a balancin
1.65
13.88
pressure balanced
1.928
0.02
engaged
1/4 is
6.1
96
21
1 ent
ion Joints
produce
1.5
7.56
17.7
0.05
thrust resistant
12remain fully
152
Expans5.46
69
force. In-Line 102 pressure
plane.e of this arrangem
any plane.
0.09
thrust364
31
2
ed AUG
42
(non
50
33
3.37
advantag 6.3
0.22
pressure
n in a single
278
30
al Gimbal
203
5 1/4
iate anchors
2.33deflectiotype. The11.7
0.43 two
that the
4
Univers1.32
loads.
149
intermed
gimbal 28
ent angular
1.14
except
weight on
13.71
0.04
92
ly applied
1 3/4
3.5 universa
between
to
independ
joints are55
0.79
8.4 ls
AG
7.46
n
excessive
0.11
L
and
external
joint
152
n 64
nts
3.5
expansio144
5.39
GIMBA 1.5
0.21
102
with large
the hinged
36
moveme3.33
that can exert
system such
300
48
150
of the expansio
0.51
operate
lateral2.3
Effective
similar to100
4.7
1285
6
a support
163
center spool
ability 24
0.97
the
4
8.7
accept large
Joints are
118
ent is the
Area
lateral loads,
1.31
2.58
a very heavy
weight of
14.35
0.06
21
73
10.5
1 5/16
Effective
in any plane.
arrangem
8
excessive
Expansion
0.77
18.1
the dead
0.19
n joint has
41
from MAT.
50
15.9 in.
e of this
ALT. BELLOWS
ed AUG
movements
5.88
Area
to support
0.36
l expansio
ES. elements
108
29
0.9
Gimbal
300
3.77
The advantag
ACCESSORI
0.87
bellows
a universa
321
989
19
2.8 al
6
130 cm
bellows elements
2.71
1.68 Sometimes
protect the C
gimbal type. 4
ent angular
LENGTH
5.2 Univers
1.65
individual
4.45
OVERALL. To
14.35are 1 5/16
13
21
57
8 n joints
1.17
across the
31.3
nts and independ
PRESSURE elements
24
1523be installed
5.86 expansio
ENDS the bellows
64
2 moveme
hardware
lateral
50
3.62
STYLE
hinge can
10.5
472
6.3large
by hinge
6
2.51
NOM I.D.
EE
single
4
as a slotted
12 accept
restrained
1.42
any plane.
13 nt in a
AUT
in11.8
28
1 7/8
moveme
overall length
0.96
PART NUMBER
6.42 nts
100m
55
4
angular
center spool.
4.64 moveme
bellows with
144
EXAMPLE
3.4
150
2.86
L AUG 11
MAT.
n joint allows
Effective
1015
have a single
1.98
ALT. BELLOWS
20
SAL GIMBA
Joints AH
Area
hinged expansio
ES
1.12
UNIVER 49
11
ACCESSORI
321
thrust. A
0.76
Expansion
94
20.1 in.
low reaction
Hinged
LENGTHAT
odate pressure
249
C
SINGLE
with very
OVERALL
300
TIED
1754
to accomm
systems
movements
PRESSURE
60
designed
ENDS
very large
hot piping
STYLE
diameter
150
accommodate
large
NOM I.D.
can
for
EE
plane.
on
AUT
and a hinge
e applicati SAL GIMBAL AUG
4
PART NUMBER
of two gimbals
very attractiv
UNIVER
EXAMPLE
This is a
consisting
low reaction
A system
equipment.
a single plane.
nts with very
and not in
the adjacent
systems
loads on
large moveme
are complex
hot piping
56
odate very
movements
diameter
can accomm
even if the
on for large
and a hinge
e applicati
of two gimbals
very attractiv
g
a
12
is
This
consistin
A system
equipment.
a single plane.
and not in
the adjacent
loads on
are complex
movements
10
even if the

SIZE
2" TO 4" any one
for
7th edition
METAL life is 2000 cycles per EJMA
page 54.
N JOINTS
1. Rated cycle tabulated.
s, refer to
axial
EXPANSIO ION
movement
D) axial, lateral movement is 50% of tabulated
TRUCT bellows(CONTINUE
UNIVERSAL
2. To combineaxial extension movement
the factory.
OF CONSspecify alternate
ONS
3. Maximum
life, contact
To ICATI
bellows
s or cycle
MATERIALS A240 T304.
APPL
value.
page 19.
a maximum bellows

ATIONS]-
-[ APPLIC

12

54

If spring rate is the limiting design factor,


select the live length that results in a total
force that is less than the required amount
for lateral and axial movements. Keep in
mind that pressure thrust must be added
to the axial spring force for a universal
expansion joint that has axial compression
even if limit rods are specified. To calculate
the pressure thrust force, multiply the area
of the bellows times the operating
pressure. The affective area for any design
is located under the pressure class on
each page of design data. For the above
example assuming 48 live length, the
pressure thrust is 150*154 = 23100
pounds. The axial spring force is 1*2481 =
2481 pounds. The lateral offset force is
2.5*131 = 328 pounds. It is acceptable to
interpolate the movements and the spring
rates to obtain a live length that falls
between the catalog values. It is not
necessary to specify the number of
convolutions because all catalog universal
expansion joints are based on the use of 6
convolutions in each bellows element.
13

13

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:50 PM

Page 55

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINT ]-


Choose the type of each end fittings required (W for weld end, F for flange,
A for angle flange, V for van stoned flange, E for Elbow) using the
illustrations at the top of each odd number data pages 56-67. Review the
bill of material information at the top of each even number pages 56-57 to
understand the standard flange rating, weld end thickness, and materials of
construction that will be applied.

STEP
3

TS]-
WEIGH
S AND
ERTIE
PROP
TS]-
-[PIPE AND WEIGH
S
ERTIE MAX
OP
PR
5 PSIG
been
-[PIPE
below has
easy
data shown

See pages 16, 17 and 18


for references on
pressure ratings and
dimensions for various
flanges. See pages 87
though 89 for available
pipe schedules.

l
Nomina
Outside

Section
Moment
Modulus
of
3 Z
Cross
l
inches
Inertia4 I
Sectiona
Inside
Metal A inches
Minimum s Diameter
36.50
Weight
d sq. inches
Average
Wall Thicknes
255 of
45.00
inches
(=7/8t)
Wall
Radius
Pipe
10.8
315
53.30
Water
Weight
tm
s
ft.
tion
inchesSection 13.500of
13.4
Thicknest
373per ft.
lb. per
61.40
lb.
e
Designa
Gyrationg 16.1
0.219
Schedul CrossinchesMoment
13.375
429
69.10
Modulus
of
T
0.032
and/or
3
18.7
484

Z 13.250
Size
<5.
inches
r
0.273
ons
ds for
Number
inches
Sectional0.250 Inertia4
E
Diametedservice Inside
13.125
The dimensi from current standar
I 0.328
0.127
Minimum
10
inches
n joints.Metal 0.312
for low pressure
Diameter
A inches
PRESSUR
0.382
13.000
0.0043
0.122
20 d sq. inches 0.375
l expansio
Wall Thickness
ical flangesAverage
LOW
consolidated
inches
0.438
12.814
0.0052
0.438 0.0009
Wall and universa
(=7/8t)
Econom
0.115
30
Weight
0.055 0.500 0.0011
tm Std.
0.519
12.750
ion to single
0.0060
FLANGES
inches
Thickness
added
referenc
Designat
LE e.
Nominal the Can
data
beSchedule
t below.
0.072 0.593 0.0012
XS 0.307
0.547
12.500
14" 14.000
ANG
inches
example
from
40
The
0.169
0.043
0.269
length
Size Outside and/or
0.002 0.625
0.656
12.250
number
0.0103
60
and duct flanges.
0.163
Number
DATA
e
See part
0.049
0.060
Diameter
0.215
Flange) overall
steel.
0.766
12.125
0.750 0.0028
optimum pipe
10S
0.0123
on request.
FLANGE
(Flange by
0.155
0.068
0.083
OAL adjust.inches d Material: carbon
elevated temperatur
0.820
11.814
selecting the
0.097 0.875 0.0033
use the FF
80
ns. Where
40S are available
labeled FF
0.0140
flanges = 0.410
designers in
STANDARD
0.095
versus plate flanges,
40
0.956
11.500
0.125 0.937 0.0038
materials
Std.
flange specificatio
in the column
uses
80S
ASME code
Adjust
using angle
is to aid system
#H & HD

O.D.

BC

that
with
shown
applicable
summary
in accordance of an assembly
flange data
obtained from
by the amount
length
down rated
e ratings were
This abbreviated
overall length
ambient was To select the overall
s
at temperatur
pressure at
overall catalog
F)
Flange Dimension
Plate
working pressure
adjust the AT TEMPERATURE (DEG.
rated working
800
pages and
available, the
700
RATING (PSIG)
600
data was not
BC
PRESSURE
factors.
500
#H
T
WORKING
400
e correction
300
(Inch)
OD
temperatur
46
200
62

FF OAL

1/8"

0.405

Other
XS

overall length 0.065


+ 2*L.

80

0.057
0.077

0.364
100
0.302

0.157

1.093
1.250

1.094
0.0174
1.230

0.186

21.2
0.245
25.0
0.315
26.3
31.2
0.330
36.1
0.425
38.4
0.535
44.3
50.1
0.423
55.6

0.217
11.188

0.568

0.209

12.4
0.739

0.025

562
5890.016
687
7810.057
0.045
825
0.031
930
1030
1120
0.101
0.083

384
0.061
474

Radius
of
Gyrationg
T
inches

80.30
84.10
98.20
112.00
118.00
133.00
147.00
160.00

Pipe
ft.
lb. per

4.86
4.84
4.82
4.80
4.78
4.74
4.73
4.69
4.65
4.63
4.58
4.53
4.48

NOMINAL
I.D.

(20) TO 100
175

134

152

Nominal
116
Pipe Size
2

98

(Inch)80
6

67
7

(Inch)
5/8

51
5/8

4 3/4
1/2
538

HD
(Inch)

3/4

5.57
5.55
5.53
5.48

48.0
59.3
70.3

Choose the working pressure


required. If the required pressure
is between one of the listed
values, use the higher of the two values
listed in the catalog. If the required pressure
is above the highest value listed, indicate the
required pressure in the part number and
the factory will custom design an expansion
joint for the application.

Weight
of
Water
ft.
lb. per

36.7
45.7
54.6
63.4
72.1
84.9
89.3
106
123
131
151
170
189
42.1
52.3
62.6
82.8
103

62.0
60.6
59.7
58.6
57.5
55.9
55.3
53.1
51.1
50.0
47.5
45.0
42.6
81.7
80.5
79.1
76.5
74.1
73.4

Single
120
Pres.
0.0059
0.0216
6 Inches0.088
0.199
15.4
10S
15.500
562
5.44
91.5
108
0.104
71.5
Catalog Des.
0.154
140
0.124 1.406 0.0073
WW OAL
40S
0.0255
18.4
0.219
15.376
732
5.43
112
150
122
69.7
0.119
40
0.671
0.545
160
0.132
0.167
Std.
0.0086
50
80S
24.4
0.273
15.250
894
5.40
117
136
0.269
69.1
0.250
0.057 Bolt Holes
0.540
80
0.851
0.493
0.101
0.217
XS
1/4" -3/4
30.2
0.328
15.000
933
0.0341
5.37
131
Number
141
66.1
0.312
0.261
0.065
0.080
1.09
10
0.423
0.074
-3/4
Size
31.6
0.438
14.750
1050
10S
5.36
145
0.0407
165
62.6
Holes0.375 0.0143
0.250
of0.197
0.091
20
0.110 Hole
1.30
-1
0.022
Approx.
Circle
35.9
0.547
14.688
1160
5.29
149
192
40S
58.6
0.500 0.0171
0.0478
0.240
-1
30
(Inch)0.674
0.126 Bolt
40
1.72
0.250 0.625 0.0201
Std.
40.1
0.574
14.500
1190
Std.
5.23
171
224
55.9
Weight
80S
5
0.0527
40
0.219
(Inch) 16.000
12
1/8*0.675
0.073
80
-1
0.288
0.320 0.656 0.0221
XS 0.622
41.6
0.655
14.314
1370
XS
3/8"
5.17
195
16"
245
0.0577
-1 1/8
(Lbs.)
13/32
0.083
0.095
0.684
0.546
0.266
6Angle
48.5
0.384
0.738
14.250
1560
5.12
220
104
16 0.750 0.0243
10S
60
L
-1 1/4
0.349
0.109 15 13/16 0.129
0.857
0.466
56.6
0.766
13.938
1760
0.231
0.504 0.843
237
47.4
-1 1/4 H
103
Thickness
40S 7
13/32
0.0467
0.343
8
L.W.
0.147
0.164
40
1.13
83
6 TO 12
0.252
65.8
0.902
13.564
1890
6.28
0.187
59.0
101
6 Nominal
16 0.875 0.0245
-1 3/8
CLASS 125
Std.
80
Actual
99 1/2
80S
3/4ID
18 1/8 0.258
0.0566
T (Inch) -1 3/8
0.334
0.187
0.840 1 1/2
80
1.47
2
72.1
1.066
13.124
5/8
6.25
MATL. A-105
61.0
115
70.6
99.7
0.128
1.031 0.0297
0.201
13/32
XS
8
9.5
131
0.0706
80 7 Diameter 8
FORGED STEEL
(Inch)
7 1/2
1 1/21/2"
0.321
-1/2*
0.294
20 1.218
1.258
12.814
160
549
6.23
1.94
75.5
0.920
82.2
98.9
110
150
0.064
3/4
0.252
20 1/8
100
3
0.0370
-1/2*
1 3/4
0.0853
140
(Inch) 8
5/8
0.304
13.9
1.394
679
6.21
0.057
89.6
13/32
93.5
2.44
L.W.
96.9
0.884
1.438
11 3/16
14 TO 96
170
0.333
10.5
120
XXS
8 1/2
0.0448
1 3/4 -3/8*
AWWA 125
1/2
20
0.100
3/16
7
200
1/8
0.284
17.3
A-105
17.500
807
6.19
7/8
104
0.065
105
14
0.073
95.4
22
1.593
0.824
-3/8*
D MATL.
0.478
140
1 3/4
0.434
3 1/2
230
5/8
0.0527
5S
9/16
0.110
14 8
20.8
0.219
17.376
932
6.17
260
80
117
12 3/16
C207-54T CLASS
116
9
92.6
0.083
0.099
11.6
0.863
0.742
160
1 3/4 -1/4*
0.409
0.570
110
1/4
20
285
8 1/2
0.0579
167/8
10S
24.2
24 1/8 0.135
0.273
17.250
1050
6.15
4
130
-1/4*
138
0.443
89.9
130
0.250
1 3/4
0.113
3/4
1.40
0.614
FORGED STEEL
0.374
0.718
9/16
1 TO 24
16 8
150
23 3/16
10
40S
27.5
0.328
17.124
1170
6.10
0.076
12.8
143
CLASS 150
160
88.5
0.428
1 3/4 -1/8*
180
0.154
40
10
9 1/2
1.68
1/4
24 0.312 0.0500
0.434
187/8
0.311
A-105
5
26 1/8 0.191
-1/8*
Std.
210
30.8
0.382
17.000
1290
6.06
80S
1 3/4
168
3/4
171
0.115
83.7
0.375
8
0.420
3/16
0.218
0.270
240
1.050
80
ANSI B16.5 MATL.
9/16 20
2.17
410
18
30
11
0.226
14
0.255
XS
3/4"
-5/8*
34.1
3/4
0.0757
0.438
535
16.876
1520
6.04
275
192
208
1
79.1
0.438
0.133
1
11 3/4
24
0.407
20 1/4
0.308
160
6
550
2.84
1.185
-5/8*
28 1/2
1
0.122
0.413
1 3/4
Std.
FORGED STEEL
40.6
0.492
16.750
1730
5.97
204
244
75.3
26 TO 96
0.500 0.0874
600
0.161
9/161.09730
43 3/16
20 12
0.387
CLASS 125
-2
0.057
3.66
13 1/2
17.3
635
0.494
1
47.1
0.547
16.500
1830
14 1/4
5.90
242
18" 18.000
XXS
28
274
70.9
0.562 0.106
0 1 3/4
E MATL. A-105
22 1/4
655
8
0.190
30 1/2
2
1
0.361
0.065
0.095
1.049
675
C207-54T CLASS
550
XS
0.80
50.2
0.656
0.639
16.250
2180
5.84
278
309
63 3/16
9/16
0.625 0.125
22 12
16
5S
710
40
0.214
740
2-2 1/2
18.5
17
0.109
0.116
1.11
0.957
1/4
28
0
1241/8
61.2
730
0.766
16.126
2500
0.71
5.77
306
0.836
129
10 800
0.750 0.141
1
32 1/2
2
FORGED STEEL
10S
1 TO 24
12
0.56
3/16
0.133
0.157
76
1.81
CLASS 300
9/160.81560
71.8
0.820
19
15.688
2750
24
336
52.7
0.65
126
845
1.08
0.875
2 5/8*
40S20
A-105
18 3/4
0.125
1/4
875
1261/8
32
0.55
0.179
+1/2
12
40
2.27
80.7
1.012
15.250
0.599
3020
6.98
78.6
34 1/2 0.219
2
123
0.937 0.104
0.56
1 1/4
900
ANSI B16.5 MATL.
16
Std.
80S
90 3/16
0.193
21
9/16
0.54
990
26
0.250
0.313
90.8
1.203
14.876
80
6.94
3.00
75.7
104
120
2 1" -1* 1.315
21.3
1.156 0.161
0.46
21 1/4
0.33
current
80
XS
1281/4
1/4
32
+1/2
14
0.235
FORGED STEEL
ed from
0.52
36 1/2
2
1 TO 24
1.367
1 1/4
14.438
757
6.90
0.358
111
16
160
123
3.76
120
1.375
CLASS 400
0.27
0.53
106 3/16
9/161.530100
0.195
28
23 1/2
been consolidat
0.291
-1
A-105
2 1/2*
15.5
0.51
22.5
1.558
1110
6.86
has 16
146
22 3/4
129
0.057
117
1/4
1.562
5.22
1.442120
130
1/4
36
-1/2
below
0.67
1/2
XXS
1/2
0.242
ANSI B16.5 MATL.
38
2
1
20
0.342
23.1
19.500
1460
6.85
0.47
170
154
115
1.781
0.065
0.095
120 3/16
25
al data shown
9/161.380140
1.07
s are in inches.
30
0.88
25
0.284
23 1/2
23.8
5S
3/8
0.411
30.6
0.219
19.250
1700
132
6.81
179
166
113
#H & HD
-1/2
1/4
36
18
The dimension
0.109
All dimension
1.27
1.278160
1 1/2
40 1/2 0.123
2
0.96
20
1.11
36.2
10S
0.328
19.000
1790
133 3/16
6.79
210
179
109
0.2500.341
0.65
9/161.160
27 1/2
easy reference.
0.140
32
0.167
2.09
27 1/4
2
24.6
0.88
3/8
1.53
134
38.0
20
0.438
18.814
1/4
2100
40
6.77
40S
226
209
0.166
standards for
103
0.375
1 1/2
0.63
20
2
0.191 42 1/2 0.219
40
2.72
0.89610
0.77
3/16
T
Std.
45.4
0.519
18.750
2260
6.72
29 1/2
9/16 20
241
256
80S
98.3
34
0.5000.158
1/2
0.260
Size
29
0.62
2
26.2
0.250
0.334
O.D.
80
1.660
3.63
22
0.61
40
0.38
Std.
48.9
1 1/4"
0.547
18.500
1/2
2410
6.63
1 1/2 WT Inch
277
296
92.6
0.5930.247
2XS
-5/8
s 36 1/4
0.326
30
0.61
Class 300 B16.5
32
0.382 44
160
4.87
BC
Dimension
0.41
9/16
XS 1.770
0.61
52.6
0.655
18.376
2770
6.56
323
20" 20.000
341
87.8
7 3/16
0.6250.310
2
27.5
Flange 36
0.412
24
0.58
1/4
44
BC #H HD Lbs.300 psig
6.41
1.68240
38
-1
3/4
61.4
0.711
18.250
L
3320
0.80
6.48
46 1/2 0.057
2
376
379
L
XXS
0.7500.391
T
6 11/2
0.508
WT
Class 150 B16.5
0.55
9/161.610
OD
0.065
0.095
38 8
9 3/16
4 7/8
75.3
0.766
17.938
3760
6.41
1.72
422
2
1.07
28.8
188
0.8120.483
41/2
HD Lbs.
25
5S
1/4
44
0.598
13/16
40
7
7/8
13/16
3/14
0.109 48 1/2 0.127
BC #H
2
-1 3/8
1.60
1.500
87.2
0.902
1/8
17.438
4220
459
63.4
1.58
L
184
1.43
0.875
8
6
8
3/16
0.568
60
3
T
10S
9/161.338
5/8
40
/2
11
0.82
WT
30
Class 125 L.W
0.145
2
15/166 1/2 5
0.175
7/8
OD
100
2.64
10 5217/8
1.121
17.000
4590
8.40
4
94.6
180
1.031
1.45
1.89
1/4
48
37/8
8 7/18
7/8
1/2 0.246
7/8
61/2 2
42
40S
-1 1/4
HD Lbs.
0.265
2
5
57/8
0.80
3/4
3
11/16
0.200 50
112
Size
1.313
16.500
8.35
40
3.65
110
125
BC #H
178
11/2
1.2810.315
13
1.28
4
1
5
L
11/161.10080
42 8
Std.
15 3/16
43/4
80S
2
8 7/8
T
31.5
0.420
71/2
7 1/265/8
1
0.79
1.531
5/8
16.064
1320
8.31
7
0.281
162
141
80
1.900
OD
1/4
Inch
176
48
5.02
3/4
3/4
1.500
7/8
44
0.97
-1 1/2
0.47
100
53 1/2 0.350
2XS
17 631/2
1 1/2"
4
0.499
6
2811/2
11/8 111/16
0.561
51/2
/4
18.7
8 7/18
1.722
0.77
1940
8.29
213
1
156
0.400
174
1.750
160
7.45
11/162.245120
11/8
19 3/16
44 8
8
7/8
3/4
0.77
4
54
0.78
2
13/48 1/47 /4
0.666
3/16
1/4
22
7/8
4
7
7
0.731
1/4
52
27.8
11/2
1
23.500
7/8
1/2
2550
8.27
237
0.73
6
171
1/2
172
46
-1
1.968
9
0.057
3
8 1 1/8
9.03
55
3XXS
2.157140
13/16
1.07
77/8
11
3/4
5
15/16
0.868
17/8
36.9
0.979
0.219
23.250
2840
8.25
28
24 3/16
261
9
11/162.067160
186
46 8
8
166
0.70
2
11/4
71/2
57
0.065
0.095
7
3
10
8 7/8
2.50
7 7/8
1.48
7/81/4
56
11/4
91/4
13
-1 1/8
3/4
1/2 0.135
6
41.4
48
0.328
5S
15/16
23.000
3140
8.22
1.10
285
2
238
158
3
0.2501.16
3 1/2 13/8
1/8
39
0.109 57
8
8
2.48
81/2
21/2
2.36
71/2
2.19
11
34 1/4
121 7/8
11/161.939 10
105
48
45.9
0.438
22.875
3420
8.15
309
10S
15/16
296
15
149
0.3751.31
7/8
59.7
8
15/16
0.99
0.154
0.191
21/16 10 /8
7/81/4
3.53
7
58 9 1/4
1.689
60
8
-1 7/8 3
3
9
2.08
1
2.66
50
81/2
50.3
63 1/2
3
0.492
22.750
3710
8.07
388
367
121/2 4 1 /16
141
40S
0.500
0.494
12
13 12 1 1/4
17/16
0.98
19
7/8
7/16
0.218
15/16
10
0.300
49 1/4
40
5.79
1.50320
11
11/16
2
50
5
1.84
81
1
8
8
/
Std.
54.8
1
0.547
10
22.625
4650
3
1
7.96
68.2
8
31/2
5/8
Std.
473
/
429
134
0.5620.710
9 /2
10
80S
15 5
0.687
16 11/2
1
68
-1 3/4
0.95
0.343 69 1/2 0.382
52 11/4
1 9/16
30
2.375
80
7.66
7/8
12
3XS
1
1.54
1
XS
0.73
25/8 15 /4
70.0
0.601
22.500
12
5670
7.87
571
24" 24.000
2"
483
127
8
0.6250.988
4
11
17/8
66 1/4
1.06
113/4
0.92
11/162.70930
52
16 11/4 115
171/2
13
12 1/23
0.436
160 76.7
7/8
10.0
13/4
43
87.2
1.07
0.656
22.064
6850
1.04
7.79
1413
1/81/4
652
542
1
1 54
0.6871.53
8
-1 3/4 3
11/8
27/8 17 /4
76
6
2
1.34
5
91/2
131/2
75 1/2 0.073
0.89
3
11/4 165
1 1/2
16
141/4 12
13.7
11/4
201/2
18
9/16
108
0.847
21.564
7/8
7820
7.70
719
1.70
294
115/16
102 1/4
0.7501.93
64
201/4 20
XXS
13/162.635 40
1
54
3 15
11
8
13/16
1.64
1
190 15161/4
3/8
0.84
6
-2 3
119.3
16
113/4
1/41/4
0.083
1 60
17 12
2.469
126
1.066
20.938
8630
788
23 8 2 /8
88
98.9
11/4
20 1 13/4
291
3.78
3/16
26
0.9682.35
1/2
2.25
9/16
1/2 0.105
2
1
90
87
3
22
1/2
1/4
1/8
1/4
16
5S
18
2.00
1
1
3
12
13
1
1
1/4
0.120
250
0.178
132
142
1.340
8
3.03
20.376
9460
10.5
19
14 /4
119
286
1.2182.87
17 1/23
13/162.323 60
3.61
60
2.95
183/4 12
3/4
11/4
24 13/8
251/210 2 /4
42
-2 3
1720
141.9
1/41/4
10S
21/4
1
1 66
98
1.21
16 11/16
159
100
0.203 99 1/2
1.586
0.242
19.876
13/8
11/8
31/2 24 /4
10.5
214
4.33
157
2.125 80
284
1.531
3 2 315
17 12
3
3.20
20
21
10
23/8
4.03
211/4 16
28
11/4
40S
175 3/8
44
0.744
1/227 24 1 /8
21/2
1.20
1.804
19.314
3210
13/16 1.771 100
10.4
11/8
66
0.276
255
0.328
177
40 164.5
281
7.58
1.812
4
19 11/16
11/4 130
-2 3
33/20
20221/4
17/16
1
2.86
1 3/8
12
183/4 12
Std.
1.30
231/2
80S
108
223/4 16
1.04
11/4
24 15/82 370
301/212 2 /2
58
1
29.1
3/4
2.050
1.16
3830
10.4
72 5/16
20
336
3
196
277
0.375 111 1/2
0.483
2.062
80
211/16
10.3
165
1/4
11/8
2.34
4 29
226
21
23/4
0.89
1/2" 2.875
3/8
5
XS
475 22241/2
1.82
5/8
25 1 9/16
14
13/16 3.334 120
211/4 16
72
1.72
34.9
29.376
25 20 1
5040
10.4
376
1.14
234
1/2 3 2
3314 2 /8
7/8
11/4
2.343
24 11/4
0.552
59
1 3/8
3/4
-2
160 187.3
14.3
1/4
2
140
32
1.80
185
1
3
1
1.27
3
5/16
11
120
26
2
8
/
1/2
16
/
2
16
/
3.02
1
24
23
84
3
46.3
123
0.273
2.23
29.250
5640
10.3
415
16
23/4 4 / 25 1/2
223/4 16
1.09
271/2 1
265
0.073
3/8
271/4 20
36
18.6
11/4
69
3/4
1/4
2.23
13/16 2.360 160
31/8
84
XXS
24283/4
3.90
13
52.0
1 3/8
0.328
25
29.000
6220
-2 1/2 3
209.9
13/8 220
492
2.88
0.312
16
1.05
25 20 1
18
0.083
291/2 1 /16
132
2 1/2
3.068
24
291/2 20
96 5/16
5.00
11/4
3.02
3
76
3/4
135 1/2 0.105
31/4
5.04
57.6
326
0.438
28.875
7380
28
5S
13/8
30 27
3.43
3/8
0.375
17/8
271/2
0.120
0.189
13/16 2.900 10
96
3.47
32
20
271/4 20
1 5/83/8
4.81
-2 7/8 3
4.21
232.5
18
13/4
68.9
0.492
28.750
5.99
115
Class 125
10S
0.500
1
2 1/2
270
3/8
24
13/8
1.39
32
108
0.216147 1/2
0.263
3
291/2
4.97
2.624
394
4.28
22
5.47
291/2 20
3/8
0.547
28.500
30 1/2
34 28 1
1/4
0.562
13/4
40S
7
0.980
125
29
3
16
5/8
20
/
108
1
1.37
3
8
1
/
305
3
3/8
0.300
1
0.382
34
40 255.1
9.11
20
2.300
32
21/16
3.85
0.655
2 3/4
24
24
313/4 24
0.625
1.96
361/2
120 3/8
36 28 1
80S
3Std.
1.38
13/4
33
1.34
140
3/8
0.438
1
31/2
3.500
80
30.000
12.5
3/8
36 32
2.53
1.02
30"0.525
21/8
341/4
XS
0.750
120
2.76
34 28 1
26
30
3 3"
2.39
22
383/4
1.31
13/4
0.600
2 3/4
160
150
22.9
3/8
3.834
1
Material
132 3/8
1.46
38
36
4.79
361/2
Bellows
87
3.14
36 28 1
3/8
28
1.21
0.073s
3.760
13/4
132
205
2.68
1
24
of
XXS
450
15/8
6.28
40
4.93
383/4
Accessorie
Number
32 15/8
3/4
0.083
30
144 3/8
0.105
381/2 28
3/4
3.548304L
42
3
1
3.68
1
215
4
ns
5
/
9.85
3
5S
1 /8
42
144
23/8
= Cover)
413/4 1 /8
0.120
C0.198
Convolutio
3.364
46
32
401/2 32
sheet gasket.
6.72
13/4
1
235
(L = Liner, 0.278
10S
15/8
48
Pressure
for use with
0.226
433/4 1 /8
nts apply 300
2.728
mill finish.
34
423/4 32
Notes:
designed
40S10
13/4
ss
requireme
a smooth
250
Ends
650 flanges are
0.318
0.557
20F.
15/8
40
54
46 11/8
15/8 Plate
5Std.
surface is spiral wound gaskets.
Vessel Code300Style
36
451/4 32
psig design/Cla
or below
80S
491/2 36
13/4
1
280
4
0.636
80
4.000
VIII Pressure Nominal
800 gasket seating
60
flange)
ss 150,
25/8
15/8 Flange
36 15/8
XS
3 1/2"
483/4 1 /8
1/4
for use with for use above 700F.
NUMBER
Section
angle
44
53
38
47
=
ded
or
3
Diameter
56
design/Cla
(A
4
PART
17
/
1
1
330
B31.3
nuts.
41/8
15/8
1025recommen recommended
150 psig
66
XXS
23/4
17/8 Not
503/4 1 /8
40
and flange HS
not
491/2 36
591/2
s where ASME ss 125 L.W., EXAMPLE
623/4 44
66
13/4
425
5/8
43/8
1250material for application
3
53 11/4
e with bellows
17/8 A36
56 44 1
42
psig design/Cla 72
661/4
English
691/4 52
21/2
interferenc
3
500
41/2
7/8 Not
17/8
avoid
Flanges: 50
1775suggested
84
31/8
591/2 1 /8
73
48
623/4 44
76 52 1 Standard Catalog
required to
21/2
3
640
47/8
17/8
96
33/8
17/8 1925
661/4 1 /8
includes space
80
54
691/4 52
821/2 60
23/4
750
5
7/8
73 11/2
31/2
21/8 * 2600
Length difference
76 52 1
60
861/2
951/2 64
23/4
850
53/8
17/8
80 11/2
37/8
68 23/8 3275
1
66
821/2 60
993/4
23/4
1
53/4 108 /2
21/8 1000
41/4
861/2 1 /2
72
951/2 64
1131/4
3
3
68 23/8 1650
993/4 1 /4
1
84
31/4 108 /2
2
18
1
96 113 /4
SLIP ON FLANGES

STEP
4

Wt.
(Lbs.)
4

3/4

3/4

89

16

Pressure
Rating

Overall
Length

Optional
Hardware

Alternate
Bellows
Material

150

90.5

L, C

321

10.5

2299

L, C

321

STEP
8

The basic part number is now


complete. For a Universal
untied 24 150 psig weld
end expansion joint with T321 bellows
and a liner and cover designed for
5000 cycles at 1 axial compression
and 2.5 lateral offset the basic part
number reads:

24 AUT FF 150 90.5 L,C 321

STEP
7

1 axial

2.5 lateral 0 angular

Select the bellows material. If no


entry is made, the bellows material
is ASTM A240 T304 stainless steel.
See page 19 if an alternate bellows
material is preferred. Select one of the
materials and insert the material code
into the part number.

STEP
6

Select the letter code for


accessories and options
(L for Liner, HL for heavy
liner, P# for Purges, C for Cover,
PT for ply testable, RT for Red Top
leak detector). Separate multiple
options with commas to avoid
confusion.

LLURGICAL
ON META
COMM
MATERIALS

PROBLEMS

Cause
Failure Mode
Chloride Stress
Cracking

Corrosion

on
Carbide Precipitati

Pitting Corrosion

Dew Point

Corrosion

highly stressed
acting on
Chlorides
bellows
stainless steel
austenitic
etc.)
(T304, T321,

in
carbides form (T304,
Chromium
steels
d stainless
re (over 700
unstabilize
temperatu
T316) at high of corrosion resistance
loss
F) causing
s.
boundarie
at the grain
to form
causes holes
acids.
Galvanic action
usually from
in a bellows,

ly Used Solution
Frequent
like alloy 600
nickel alloy
Use a high
or alloy 625.
(T321
stainless steel
Use a stabilized carbon stainless
or a low
high alloy
or T347)
or another
steel (T304L) less affected by
is
material that
ion.
carbide precipitat
material containing
Alloy
Use a bellows
Alloy 825,
um T316,
materials
molybden
of the specialty or
625) or one
tantalum
such as zirconium
titanium.

a sulfur
es out of
precipitat
Liquid acid
contact with
stream in
operates
rich flue gas
element that
for acid
the bellows
the dew point
just below
.
formation

insure it
bellows to
in service
Insulate the
dew point
operates above Blanket to maintain
Hot
re
or install a
temperatu
bellows skin
a constant
dew point.
that is above

ductile

ions
Specificat
Material
Standard Shown In This Catalog
Part Number
For Bellows
ASTM MATERIAL
Designation

See descriptions on pages


14 and 15

bellows

the
(PART
joint to protect L to the
LINERS
expansion
the letter
STANDARD
inside the
by adding

be installed
be specified
Liners can
exist:
Liners should
conditions
from damage.
following
.
below.
when the
is required
s described
part number
pressure drop
than
induced vibration
flow or low
flow greater
Smooth
produce flow
mm Dia.
(Up to 150
s which may
Velocitie
inch of Dia.
other gases
4 ft/sec per
steam and
7.5 M/sec)
For air,
greater than
greater than
6 Dia. flow
Dia. flow
Dia.)
a) Up to
(over 150-mm
per mm of
greater than
24 ft/sec
Dia. flow
0.05 M/sec
greater than
150 mm
Dia. flow
Dia. (up to
b) Over 6
per inch of
liquids
1.67 ft/sec
M/sec)
and other
than 3.0
For water
greater than
flow greater
Dia. flow
6
Dia.
to
mm
Dia.)
a) Up
(over 150
per mm of
10 ft/sec
0.02 M/sec
greater than
HL)
Dia. flow
b) Over 6
NUMBER
of the bellows.
ns:
(PART
upstream
g conditio
would
LINERS
se flow exists
the followin
g barrier which Steam
g two-pha
HEAVY-DUTY should be used in
an insulatin
t or damagin
oxidation.
liners
can create
y turbulen
the liners
Heavy-duty
and resisting
longer life
velocity, extremel ures are present,
ensuring
When high
y high temperat lower temperatures
protection.
When extremel
operate at
or valve.
to enhance
bellows to
elbow, tee
can be added
permit the
carrying services.downstream of an
insulation
s
in catalyst
and angular
purging and/or is erosive such as
pipe diameter
axial, lateral
with the
within 10
ed to avoid
media
provided
determin
When the
joint is located
should be
can be properly
expansion
s Pathway
of the liner
When an
, Senior Flexonicthat the diameter
so
are specified
T)
When liners
This is required or flange.
NUMBER
expected.
contain
pipe
nt
to
am
(PART
moveme
downstre
are designed
RODS
to limit
with the
OR LIMIT adds threaded rods that ends of the assembly the
interference
the
ion
TIE RODS
offset
stops on
number designatwill have nuts or
for pure lateral axial
This part
designed
The rods
to absorb
n joint is
intended
an expansio
pressure thrust.
the installed
n joint is
n joint to
length. When
If the expansio
to
the overall
the expansio
as Tie Rods.
T applies
stops to limit
designation
are
rods are defined
have outboard a Limit Rod. The
Limit rods
rods will
or Limit Rods.
defined as
offset, the
n. This is
are Tie Rods
During normal
well as lateral
axial extensio determine if the rods
motion as
anchor failure.
any specified
event of main
movements
length plus
nt in the
The required
joint moveme
either purpose. limit expansion
pressure thrust.
used to
contain
not
generally
do
Limit Rods
operation

P#)
NUMBER
and
NS (PART
of the bellows
CONNECTIO
upstream

ions are installed ent to:


Purge Connect
liner attachm
solids in the
am of the
downstre
media borne
freely
caking of
bellows from
packing or
prevent the
Prevent
which would
outside
convolutions
between the
after the
as steam
flexing.
the number
media such
by adding
e a cooling
of the bellows.
be specified
Introduc
rence can
and the inside
the circumfe
or P3, etc.
of the liner
ons around
such as P2
number,
of purge connecti
of the part
The number
ies portion
Accessor
the
It is
letter P in
conditions.
basic design
By
to satisfy
PT)
material.
NUMBER
is not required the essential bellows
that
(PART
and
the essential
BLE
of material
the media
nt ply and
an extra ply
PLY TESTA
bellows has
e barrier between between the redunda that occurs in the
as a protectiv
A ply testable
a leak
is still
into the cavity
to detect
ply that acts
material
tapping
nt
possible
bellows
it is
a redunda
essential
bellows material, a leak occurs, the
ce.
ply. If
design complian
redundant
with full
This is
hold pressure
on design.
present to
safety factor
It is highly
for a 100%
applications.
of
bellows allows
ent or cost
s ASME code
replacem
The ply testable certain hazardou
of
cost
a leak
the
ent for
ons in which
ons in which
a requirem
for applicati
for applicati
recommended It is also recommended
be extreme.
bellows would
l.
for a leaking
down time
s to personne
very hazardou
would be

PURGE

ORIES ]-
-[ ACCESS
L)
NUMBER

Designation

Standard)
304 (Catalog
304L
A240 T304
309s
A240 T304L
316
A240 T309s
316L
A240 T316
317
A240 T316L
317L
A240 T317
321
A240 T317L
347
A240 T321
AL6XN
A240 T347
7 Mo plus
B688 AL6XN
plus
2205
A240 7Mo
904L
A240 2205
20Cb
A625 904L
255
B463 20Cb
330
A240 255
253MA
B536 330
230
A240 253MA
200
B435 230
(Nickel)
201
B162 200
(Nickel)
400
B162 201
600
400 (Monel)
B127 Alloy
(Inconel)
617
B168 600
625 LCF
B443 617
LCF
800
B443 625
800H
B409 800
825
B409 800H
B424 825

most
L DATA
bellows from
S MATERIA
can form
BELLOW
welding process
engineers
TIG butt

Pathway
the automatic
Senior Flexonics
welded by
weld structure.
that can be
careful
materials
ious ductile
must give
in a homogen
g bellows
doubt,
that results
When in
and purchasin
material.
s specifying
does not
of bellows
Companie
Flexonics
selection
ist. Senior
tion to the
considera
mill Metallurg
basic supplier
consult with
selection.
ility for alloy
take responsib
will
part number
in the Catalog Senior flexonics
as a suffix
by
material codes
will be supplied
Use of these
material that
the bellows
upon request
designate
and are available
Pathway.
are inventoried
is mill
Pathway
or SB materials
Flexonics
*ASME SA
ons. Senior
by Senior
specificati
s
material purchased ASTM or ASME
treating operation
All bellows
e with
other heat
in accordanc
ons or after
perform any
annealed
convoluti
of
does not
Pathway
before forming
. Heat treatment
Flexonics
after welding
by purchaser
rate
before welding, ons unless specified lower bellows spring
does not
can
convoluti
ons
Pathway
forming
Flexonics
operating
forming convoluti
life. Senior
bellows is
bellows after
stress
and cycle
unless the
pressure,
of creep and
be performed
squirm
properties
d heat treatment time dependent
recommen
res where
t.
at high temperatu
significan
rupture become

19

SUMMARY
It is necessary to have the required
movement information included in
the description so that liner, cover,
and limit rods can be designed with
proper clearances.

INDICATOR
LEAK
with a
RED TOP
can be fitted
ER RT)
However,
(PART NUMBconnection on the bellows
sensing device.

are
The ply testable another type of pressure that never change
or
gages
patented
pressure gage
and pressure
Pathway
Flexonics
very reliable
button
The Senior
bellows are
a large red
after a while.
that extends
le from several
not noticed
r is a device
is very noticeab
leak indicato
Red Top
The red button
detected.
if a leak is
.
meters distance

15

ER C)
(PART NUMB
COVERS be specified when:

is needed.
from traffic
protection
Covers should
objects or
n from falling
Protectio
l is needed.
n joint.
the
n of personne
the expansio
outside of
Protectio
costly
applied over
around the
e against
n will be
s may exist
Insulatio
a steam turbine.
cover is insuranc
flow velocitie
exhaust of
cost for the
When high
as in the
The small
joint, such
ends a cover.
design.
expansion
always recomm
removable
cover is a
s Pathway
Senior Flexonic damage. The standard
e due to
downtim

14

55

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:50 PM

Page 56

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
ch. 40
150 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
300 lb. Series:
Sch. 40
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

Nominal
Size
(In.)

Press.
(psig)
50

2
Effective
Area
5.7 in.2

150

300

50

2.5
Effective
Area
8.3 in.2

150

300

50

3
Effective
Area
12.4 in.2

150

300

50

3.5
Effective
Area
15.9 in.2

150

300

50

4
Effective
Area
20.1 in.2

150

300

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

56

Axial
(In.)
Axial
(Lbs./In.)

2" TO 4" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any one
movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 54.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life, contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should
always be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure
ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

Lateral Movement (In.)

Length of end Fitting (In.)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Lbs./In.)


12 LL

18 LL

24 LL

36 LL

48 LL

84 LL

0.96

1.79

2.84

3.9

6.02

8.13

14.48

199

1.5

0.6

0.3

0.1

0.7

1.79

2.84

3.9

6.02

8.13

14.48

389

14

2.9

1.2

0.7

0.2

0.54

1.75

2.84

3.9

6.02

8.13

14.48

673

23

2.1

1.1

0.4

1.26

1.79

2.84

3.9

6.02

8.13

14.48

140

1.5

0.6

0.3

0.1

0.89

1.79

2.84

3.9

6.02

8.13

14.48

546

28

11

5.9

2.5

1.4

0.4

0.63

1.69

2.84

3.9

6.02

8.13

14.48

1074

54

22

11

4.8

2.6

0.8

1.38

1.65

2.71

3.77

5.88

14.35

294

26

10

2.1

1.1

0.3

0.72

1.36

2.41

3.47

5.62

7.79

14.31

1359

119

45

23

9.6

5.2

1.6

0.62

1.18

2.08

3.01

4.87

6.75

12.4

1678

144

55

28

11.7

6.3

1.5

1.65

2.71

3.77

5.88

14.35

278

31

12

6.1

2.5

1.4

0.4

0.79

1.32

2.33

3.37

5.46

7.56

13.88

1285

144

55

28

11.7

6.3

0.77

1.31

2.3

3.33

5.39

7.46

13.71

989

108

41

21

8.7

4.7

1.5

1.17

1.65

2.71

3.77

5.88

14.35

472

64

24

13

5.2

2.8

0.9

0.96

1.42

2.51

3.62

5.86

14.35

1015

144

55

28

12

6.3

0.76

1.12

1.98

2.86

4.64

6.42

11.8

1754

249

94

49

20

11

3.4

NOM I.D.
4

STYLE
AUT

ENDS
EE

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

150

60

1 5/16

1 1/8

3 3/4

1 1/8

3 3/4

1 1/2

3 3/4

1 3/16

4 1/2

1 3/16

4 1/2

1 11/16

4 1/2

1 1/4

5 1/4

1 1/4

5 1/4

1 3/4

5 1/4

1 5/16

1 5/16

1 7/8

ACCESSORIES
C

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.


321

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:51 PM

Page 57

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

50MM TO 100MM SIZE

Style

End Connection

AUD
Universal
(Unrestrained)

AUT
Universal Tied

AUH
Universal Hinged

W Weld End

AUG
Univerval Gimal

F Forged Flange

V Vanstone End

E Elbow

METRIC
Axial
(mm)
Nominal
Size
Press.
Axial
(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) (Kg/mm) 305 mm LL
3.5

50
Effective
Area
37 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

65
Effective
Area
54 cm2

10.5

21.1

3.5

80
Effective
Area
80 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

90
Effective
Area
103 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

100
Effective
Area
130 cm2

10.5

21
PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Lateral Movement (mm)

Length of end Fitting (mm)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Kg/mm)


457 mm LL

610 mm LL

914 mm LL 1219 mm LL 2133 mm LL

24

45

72

99

153

207

368

3.6

0.124

0.049

0.026

0.011

0.006

0.002

18

45

72

99

153

207

368

0.242

0.096

0.051

0.022

0.012

0.004

14

44

72

99

153

207

368

12

0.419

0.166

0.088

0.037

0.02

0.006

32

45

72

99

153

207

368

2.5

0.127

0.05

0.027

0.011

0.006

0.002

23

45

72

99

153

207

368

9.8

0.497

0.197

0.105

0.044

0.024

0.008

16

43

72

99

153

207

368

19.2

0.968

0.384

0.205

0.086

0.047

0.015

35

42

69

96

149

203

364

5.2

0.458

0.173

0.09

0.037

0.02

0.006

18

35

61

88

143

198

363

24.3

2.12

0.801

0.416

0.171

0.093

0.029

16

30

53

76

124

171

315

30

2.577

0.974

0.506

0.208

0.113

0.035

38

42

69

96

149

203

364

0.557

0.21

0.109

0.045

0.024

0.008

20

34

59

86

139

192

353

23

2.577

0.974

0.506

0.208

0.113

0.035

20

33

59

84

137

190

348

17.7

1.928

0.729

0.379

0.156

0.084

0.026

30

42

69

96

149

203

364

8.4

1.14

0.43

0.22

0.09

0.05

0.02

24

36

64

92

149

203

364

18.1

2.58

0.97

0.51

0.21

0.11

0.04

19

29

50

73

118

163

300

31.3

4.45

1.68

0.87

0.36

0.19

0.06

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

100m

AUT

EE

10.5

1523

ACCESSORIES.
C

25

102

76

25

102

76

33

102

76

29

102

95

29

102

95

38

102

95

30

102

114

30

102

114

43

102

114

32

102

133

32

102

133

44

102

133

33

102

152

33

102

152

48

102

152

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.


321

57

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:51 PM

Page 58

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106
50 lb. Series:
STD. WALL
150 lb. Series:
STD. WALL
300 lb. Series:
STD. WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

Nominal
Size
(In.)

Press.
(psig)
50

5
Effective
Area
30.4 in.2

150

300

50

6
Effective
Area
42.7 in.2

150

300

50

8
Effective
Area
70 in.2

150

300

50

10
Effective
Area
109 in.2

150

300

50

12
Effective
Area
154 in.2

150

300

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

58

Axial
(In.)
Axial
(Lbs./In.)

5" TO 12" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any one
movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 54.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life, contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should
always be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure
ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

Lateral Movement (In.)

Length of end Fitting (In.)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Lbs./In.)


12 LL

18 LL

24 LL

36 LL

48 LL

84 LL

1.62

1.65

2.71

3.77

5.88

14.35

406

87

33

17

3.8

1.2

0.94

1.15

2.04

2.94

4.76

6.59

12.1

1268

264

100

52

21

12

3.6

0.81

1.77

2.55

4.13

5.73

10.51

1510

311

117

61

25

14

4.2

1.87

1.45

2.51

3.57

5.69

7.8

14.15

634

237

83

42

17

8.8

2.7

1.45

1.2

2.28

3.41

5.69

7.8

14.15

1095

409

143

72

29

15

0.95

0.8

1.53

2.28

3.84

5.4

10.14

2231

799

280

140

56

30

2.07

1.33

2.51

3.57

5.69

7.8

14.15

655

401

140

70

28

15

1.42

0.92

1.75

2.62

4.4

6.2

11.64

1443

872

305

153

61

32

10

1.01

0.66

1.25

1.87

3.14

4.43

8.3

3421

2066

724

362

144

77

23

2.95

1.14

2.25

3.31

5.42

7.54

13.89

689

873

278

133

50

26

1.86

0.72

1.51

2.38

4.2

6.07

11.72

1976

2478

790

376

142

74

22

1.48

0.57

1.2

1.89

3.34

4.82

9.31

3503

4417

1408

670

253

132

39

2.95

0.96

2.01

3.17

5.42

7.54

13.89

1087

1945

620

295

112

58

17

1 7/16

7 1/2

1 7/16

7 1/2

7 1/2

1 9/16

1 9/16

2 1/16

1 3/4

12

1 3/4

12

2 7/16

12

1 15/16

15

1 15/16

15

2 5/8

15

2 3/16

18

2 3/16

18

2 7/8

18

2.03

0.67

1.39

2.19

3.87

5.58

10.78

2481

4402

1403

668

252

131

39

1.68

0.55

1.16

1.83

3.22

4.65

8.98

3186

5576

1778

846

320

166

49

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.

12

AU

WW

50

52

L, C

600

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:51 PM

Page 59

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

125MM TO 300MM SIZE

Style

End Connection

AUD
Universal
(Unrestrained)

AUT
Universal Tied

AUH
Universal Hinged

W Weld End

AUG
Univerval Gimal

F Forged Flange

V Vanstone End

E Elbow

METRIC
Axial
(mm)
Nominal
Size
Press.
Axial
(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) (Kg/mm) 305 mm LL
3.5

125
Effective
Area
196 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

150
Effective
Area
276 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

200
Effective
Area
451 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

250
Effective
Area
703 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

300
Effective
Area
993 cm2

10.5

21
PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Lateral Movement (mm)

Length of end Fitting (mm)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Kg/mm)


457 mm LL

610 mm LL

914 mm LL 1219 mm LL 2133 mm LL

41

42

69

96

149

203

364

7.3

1.55

0.59

0.31

0.13

0.07

0.02

24

29

52

75

121

167

307

22.7

4.71

1.78

0.93

0.38

0.21

0.06

21

25

45

65

105

145

267

27

5.55

2.1

1.09

0.45

0.24

0.08

48

37

64

91

144

198

359

11.3

4.23

1.48

0.74

0.29

0.16

0.05

37

30

58

87

144

198

359

19.6

7.31

2.56

1.28

0.51

0.27

0.08

24

20

39

58

97

137

258

39.9

14.28

2.5

0.99

0.53

0.16

53

34

64

91

144

198

359

11.7

7.16

2.51

1.26

0.5

0.27

0.08

36

23

44

67

112

158

296

25.8

15.57

5.45

2.73

1.08

0.58

0.18

26

17

32

48

80

112

211

61.1

36.91

12.93

6.47

2.57

1.37

0.42

75

29

57

84

138

191

353

12.3

15.6

2.4

0.9

0.5

0.1

47

18

38

61

107

154

298

35.3

44.3

14.1

6.7

2.5

1.3

0.4

38

15

31

48

85

122

237

62.6

78.9

25.2

12

4.5

2.4

0.7

75

24

51

80

138

191

353

19.4

34.7

11.1

5.3

0.3

52

17

35

56

98

142

274

44.3

78.6

25.1

11.9

4.5

2.3

0.7

43

14

29

46

82

118

228

56.9

99.6

31.8

15.1

5.7

0.9

37

102

191

37

102

191

51

102

191

40

152

229

40

152

229

52

152

229

44

152

305

44

152

305

62

152

305

49

152

381

49

152

381

67

152

381

56

203

457

56

203

457

73

203

457

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.

300m

AU

WW

3.5

1320

L, C

600

59

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:51 PM

Page 60

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70 API 56
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.375 WALL 14-20/.5 WALL 22
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

Nominal
Size
(In.)

Press.
(psig)
50

14
Effective
Area
182 in.2

150

300

50

16
Effective
Area
234 in.2

150

300

50

18
Effective
Area
295 in.2

150

300

50

20
Effective
Area
361 in.2

150

300

50

22
Effective
Area
431 in.2

150

300

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

60

Axial
(In.)
Axial
(Lbs./In.)

14" TO 22" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any one
movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 54.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life, contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should
always be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure
ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

Lateral Movement (In.)

Length of end Fitting (In.)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Lbs./In.)


18 LL

24 LL

30 LL

36 LL

48 LL

84 LL

2.86

1.82

2.86

3.94

5.05

7.28

13.89

907

596

284

165

107

56

16

2.11

1.32

2.08

2.87

3.68

5.3

10.25

2527

1704

811

471

307

159

47

1.74

1.1

1.73

2.39

3.06

4.41

8.52

3223

2146

1022

593

386

201

59

3.12

1.74

2.74

3.78

4.84

6.98

13.48

871

741

353

205

133

69

20

2.18

1.21

1.9

2.62

3.35

4.83

9.34

2688

2329

1109

643

419

218

64

1.8

1.58

2.17

2.78

4.02

7.76

3406

2918

1389

806

525

273

81

3.24

1.62

2.55

3.51

4.49

6.48

12.52

903

961

458

265

173

90

27

2.44

1.2

1.9

2.61

3.35

4.83

9.33

2438

2656

1264

734

478

248

73

2.36

1.16

1.83

2.52

3.22

4.65

8.99

4548

4970

2366

1373

894

465

137

3.36

1.52

2.39

3.3

4.22

6.09

11.76

926

1206

574

333

217

113

33

2.52

1.13

1.77

2.45

3.13

4.51

8.72

2535

3372

1606

932

607

315

93

2.53

1.13

1.78

2.45

3.13

4.52

8.73

4431

5929

2823

1638

1067

554

164

3.48

1.43

2.26

3.11

3.98

5.74

11.1

942

1474

702

407

265

138

41

1 1/4

21

2 1/4

21

21

1 1/4

24

2 1/2

24

3 1/4

24

1 1/4

27

2 11/16

27

3 1/2

27

1 1/4

30

2 7/8

30

3 3/4

30

1 3/4

33

3 1/8

33

33

2.51

1.02

1.61

2.22

2.84

4.1

7.93

2797

4449

2118

1229

800

416

123

2.52

1.02

1.61

2.23

2.85

4.11

7.94

4889

7819

3723

2160

1407

731

216

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.

20

AUG

EE

150

108

L, C

825

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:52 PM

Page 61

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

350MM TO 550MM SIZE

Style

End Connection

AUD
Universal
(Unrestrained)

AUT
Universal Tied

AUH
Universal Hinged

W Weld End

AUG
Univerval Gimal

F Forged Flange

V Vanstone End

E Elbow

METRIC
Axial
(mm)
Nominal
Size
Press.
Axial
(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) (Kg/mm) 305 mm LL
3.5

350
Effective
Area
1174 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

400
Effective
Area
1508 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

450
Effective
Area
1902 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

500
Effective
Area
2329 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

550
Effective
Area
2783 cm2

10.5

21
PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Lateral Movement (mm)

Length of end Fitting (mm)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Kg/mm)


457 mm LL

610 mm LL

914 mm LL 1219 mm LL 2133 mm LL

73

46

73

100

128

185

353

16.2

10.7

5.1

2.9

1.9

0.3

54

34

53

73

93

135

260

45.1

30.4

14.5

8.4

5.5

2.8

0.8

44

28

44

61

78

112

216

57.6

38.3

18.3

10.6

6.9

3.6

1.1

79

44

70

96

123

177

342

15.6

13.2

6.3

3.7

2.4

1.2

0.4

55

31

48

66

85

123

237

48

41.6

19.8

11.5

7.5

3.9

1.2

46

25

40

55

71

102

197

60.8

52.1

24.8

14.4

9.4

4.9

1.4

82

41

65

89

114

165

318

16.1

17.2

8.2

4.7

3.1

1.6

0.5

62

31

48

66

85

123

237

43.6

47.4

22.6

13.1

8.5

4.4

1.3

60

29

46

64

82

118

228

81.2

88.8

42.3

24.5

16

8.3

2.5

85

39

61

84

107

155

299

16.5

21.5

10.3

3.9

0.6

64

29

45

62

79

115

222

45.3

60.2

28.7

16.6

10.8

5.6

1.7

64

29

45

62

80

115

222

79.2

105.9

50.4

29.3

19.1

9.9

2.9

88

36

57

79

101

146

282

16.8

26.3

12.5

7.3

4.7

2.5

0.7

64

26

41

56

72

104

201

50

79.5

37.8

22

14.3

7.4

2.2

64

26

41

57

72

104

202

87.3

139.7

66.5

38.6

25.1

13.1

3.9

32

203

533

57

203

533

76

203

533

32

203

610

64

203

610

83

203

610

32

203

686

68

203

686

89

203

686

32

229

762

73

229

762

95

229

762

44

229

838

79

229

838

102

229

838

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT

500m

AUG

EE

10.5

2743

L, C

825

61

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:52 PM

Page 62

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70/API 5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.5 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify 8F > 24
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify 8F > 24
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

Nominal
Size
(In.)

Press.
(psig)
50

24
Effective
Area
508 in.2

150

300

50

26
Effective
Area
591 in.2

150

300

50

28
Effective
Area
681 in.2

150

300

50

30
Effective
Area
782 in.2

150

300

50

32
Effective
Area
886 in.2

150

300

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

62

Axial
(In.)
Axial
(Lbs./In.)

24" TO 32" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any one
movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 54.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life, contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should
always be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure
ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

Lateral Movement (In.)

Length of end Fitting (In.)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Lbs./In.)


18 LL

24 LL

30 LL

36 LL

48 LL

84 LL

3.77

1.42

2.24

3.09

3.96

5.71

11.03

882

1636

779

452

294

153

45

2.5

0.94

1.48

2.04

2.61

3.77

7.28

3059

5734

2730

1584

1032

536

159

2.51

0.94

1.48

2.04

2.61

3.77

7.29

5348

10074

4796

2783

1812

942

279

3.9

1.36

2.15

2.96

3.79

5.47

10.58

888

1924

916

532

346

180

53

2.49

0.87

1.37

1.89

2.41

3.48

6.73

3321

7245

3449

2001

1303

677

200

2.5

0.87

1.37

1.89

2.42

3.49

6.74

5806

12724

6058

3515

2289

1190

352

4.04

1.32

2.07

2.86

3.66

5.28

10.2

891

2228

1061

615

401

208

62

2.49

0.81

1.27

1.75

2.24

3.24

6.26

3583

9000

4285

2486

1619

842

249

2.5

0.81

1.27

1.76

2.25

3.24

6.27

6264

15803

7524

4365

2843

1478

437

4.72

1.44

2.27

3.13

5.77

11.15

553

1579

752

436

284

148

44

3.03

0.91

1.44

1.99

2.54

3.67

7.09

2612

7576

3607

2093

1363

708

210

2.85

0.86

1.36

1.87

2.39

3.45

6.67

5225

15152

7214

4185

2726

1417

419

4.72

1.35

2.13

2.94

3.76

5.42

10.47

591

1909

909

527

343

178

53

1 3/4

36

3 1/4

36

4 3/16

36

1 3/4

10

39

10

39

10

39

1 3/4

10

42

10

42

10

42

1 3/4

10

45

10

45

10

45

1 3/4

11

48

11

48

11

48

3.12

0.89

1.4

1.92

2.46

3.55

6.87

2629

8636

4111

2386

1554

808

239

2.94

0.83

1.31

1.81

2.32

3.34

6.46

5257

17272

8223

4771

3107

1615

478

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

32

AUT

FF

50

39.5

L, C

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.


316

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:52 PM

Page 63

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL

600MM TO 800MM SIZE

Style

End Connection

AUD
Universal
(Unrestrained)

AUT
Universal Tied

AUH
Universal Hinged

W Weld End

AUG
Univerval Gimal

F Forged Flange

V Vanstone End

E Elbow

METRIC
Axial
(mm)
Nominal
Size
Press.
Axial
(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) (Kg/mm) 305 mm LL
3.5

600
Effective
Area
3279 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

650
Effective
Area
3815 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

700
Effective
Area
4391 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

750
Effective
Area
5048 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

800
Effective
Area
5718 cm2

10.5

21
PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Lateral Movement (mm)

Length of end Fitting (mm)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Kg/mm)


457 mm LL

610 mm LL

914 mm LL 1219 mm LL 2133 mm LL

96

36

57

79

100

145

280

16

29

14

63

24

38

52

66

96

185

55

102

49

28

18

10

64

24

38

52

66

96

185

96

180

86

50

32

17

99

35

55

75

96

139

269

16

34

16

63

22

35

48

61

88

171

59

129

62

36

23

12

63

22

35

48

61

89

171

104

227

108

63

41

21

103

33

53

73

93

134

259

16

40

19

11

63

21

32

45

57

82

159

64

161

77

44

29

15

63

21

32

45

57

82

159

112

282

134

78

51

26

120

37

58

79

102

147

283

10

28

13

77

23

37

50

65

93

180

47

135

64

37

24

13

72

22

34

47

61

88

169

93

271

129

75

49

25

120

34

54

75

95

138

266

11

34

16

79

23

35

49

63

90

174

47

154

73

43

28

14

75

21

33

46

59

85

164

94

309

147

85

56

29

44

229

914

83

229

914

106

229

914

44

254

991

254

991

254

991

44

254

1067

254

1067

254

1067

44

254

1143

254

1143

254

1143

44

279

1219

279

1219

279

1219

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.

800m

AUT

FF

3.5

1002

L, C

316

63

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

3:52 PM

Page 64

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A516-70/API 5L
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
150 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
300 lb. Series:
.75 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
150 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
300 lb. Series:
Customer to specify
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

Nominal
Size
(In.)

Press.
(psig)
50

34
Effective
Area
997 in.2

150

300

50

36
Effective
Area
1112 in.2

150

300

50

38
Effective
Area
1233 in.2

150

300

50

49
Effective
Area
1361 in.2

150

300

50

42
Effective
Area
1495 in.2

150

300

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

64

Axial
(In.)
Axial
(Lbs./In.)

34" TO 42" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any one
movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 54.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life, contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should
always be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure
ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

Lateral Movement (In.)

Length of end Fitting (In.)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Lbs./In.)


18 LL

24 LL

30 LL

36 LL

48 LL

84 LL

4.88

1.32

2.07

2.86

3.66

5.28

10.21

585

2129

1013

588

383

199

59

3.11

0.83

1.31

1.81

2.32

3.35

6.47

2797

10315

4911

2849

1856

965

285

3.03

0.81

1.28

1.76

2.25

3.25

6.28

5275

19488

9278

5383

3506

1822

539

4.87

1.25

1.96

2.71

3.46

9.65

620

2519

1199

696

453

236

70

3.1

0.79

1.24

1.71

2.19

3.16

6.1

2965

12199

5808

3370

2194

1141

337

3.02

0.77

1.21

1.66

2.13

3.07

5.93

5592

23046

10972

6366

4146

2155

637

4.87

1.18

1.86

2.57

3.28

4.74

9.15

655

2954

1406

816

531

276

82

3.1

0.75

1.18

1.62

2.07

2.99

5.78

3133

14299

6808

3950

2572

1337

395

3.01

0.73

1.14

1.58

2.02

2.91

5.62

5909

27012

12860

7462

4859

2526

747

4.87

1.12

1.77

2.44

3.12

4.51

8.71

691

3436

1636

949

618

321

95

3.09

0.71

1.12

1.54

1.97

2.84

5.5

3301

16627

7916

4593

2991

1555

460

3.01

0.69

1.09

1.5

1.92

2.77

5.35

6227

31408

14953

8676

5650

2937

869

4.86

1.07

1.68

2.32

2.97

4.29

8.28

726

3969

1890

1096

714

371

110

1 3/4

11

51

11

51

11

51

1 3/4

11

54

11

54

11

54

1 3/4

12

57

12

57

12

57

1 3/4

12

60

12

60

12

60

1 3/4

12

63

12

63

12

63

3.09

0.68

1.07

1.47

1.88

2.71

5.24

3470

19196

9139

5303

3453

1795

531

3.01

0.66

1.04

1.43

1.83

2.64

5.1

6544

36258

17262

10016

6522

3390

1003

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

42

AUH

WW

150

60

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.


800

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:39 PM

Page 65

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL 850MM TO 1050MM SIZE


Style

End Connection

AUD
Universal
(Unrestrained)

AUT
Universal Tied

AUH
Universal Hinged

W Weld End

AUG
Univerval Gimal

F Forged Flange

V Vanstone End

E Elbow

METRIC
Axial
(mm)
Nominal
Size
Press.
Axial
(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) (Kg/mm) 305 mm LL
3.5

850
Effective
Area
6431 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

900
Effective
Area
7173 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

950
Effective
Area
7956 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

1000
Effective
Area
8779 cm2

10.5

21

3.5

1050
Effective
Area
9643 cm2

10.5

21
PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Lateral Movement (mm)

Length of end Fitting (mm)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Kg/mm)


457 mm LL

610 mm LL

914 mm LL 1219 mm LL 2133 mm LL

124

33

53

73

93

134

259

10

38

18

11

79

21

33

46

59

85

164

50

184

88

51

33

17

77

21

32

45

57

83

160

94

348

166

96

63

33

10

124

32

50

69

88

127

245

11

45

21

12

79

20

32

43

56

80

155

53

218

104

60

39

20

77

19

31

42

54

78

151

100

412

196

114

74

38

11

124

30

47

65

83

120

233

12

53

25

15

79

19

30

41

53

76

147

56

255

122

71

46

24

77

18

29

40

51

74

143

106

483

230

133

87

45

13

124

29

45

62

79

114

221

12

61

29

17

11

79

18

28

39

50

72

140

59

297

141

82

53

28

76

18

28

38

49

70

136

111

561

267

155

101

52

16

123

27

43

59

75

109

210

13

71

34

20

13

78

17

27

37

48

69

133

62

343

163

95

62

32

76

17

26

36

46

67

130

117

648

308

179

117

61

18

44

279

1295

279

1295

279

1295

44

279

1372

279

1372

279

1372

44

305

1448

305

1448

305

1448

44

305

1524

305

1524

305

1524

44

305

1600

305

1600

305

1600

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.

1050m

AUH

WW

10.5

1524

800

65

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:39 PM

Page 66

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTS METAL


MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM A240 T304. To specify alternate bellows
material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A516-70/API-5L
25 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
50 lb. Series:
.375 WALL
FLANGES: ASTM A105/A36/A516-70
25 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
50 lb. Series:
125 lb. Lt. Wt. F.F.S.O.
COVERS: Carbon Steel
TIE RODS, GIMBALS, HINGES: Carbon Steel
LINERS: 300 Series Stainless Steel

Nominal
Size
(In.)

44

Effective Area
1615 in.2

46

Effective Area
1760 in.2

48

Effective Area
1912 in.2

50

Effective Area
2134 in.2

52

Effective Area
2301 in.2

54

Effective Area
2474 in.2

60

Effective Area
3031 in.2

66

Effective Area
3645 in.2

72

Effective Area
4315 in.2

84

Effective Area
5826 in.2

96

Effective Area
7562 in.2

108

Effective Area
9525 in.2

120

Effective Area
11714 in.2

132

Effective Area
14129 in.2

144

Effective Area
16770 in.2

Press.
(psig)
50

50

50

50

50

50

25

25

25

25

25

25

25

25

25

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

66

Axial
(In.)
Axial
(Lbs./In.)

44" TO 144" SIZE

1. Rated cycle life is 2000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for any one
movement tabulated.
2. To combine axial, lateral movements, refer to page 54.
3. Maximum axial extension movement is 50% of tabulated axial
value.
4. To obtain greater movements or cycle life, contact the factory.
5. Catalog pressure ratings are based upon a maximum bellows
temperature of 800F. Actual operating temperature should
always be specified.
6. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure
ratings.
7. Maximum test pressure: 1 1/2 x maximum working pressure.
8. Maximum torque values are on page 68.

Lateral Movement (In.)

Length of end Fitting (In.)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Lbs./In.)


30 LL

36 LL

48 LL

60 LL

84 LL

120 LL

4.84

2.21

2.83

4.09

5.35

7.9

11.73

761

1258

819

426

260

126

59

4.84

2.12

2.71

3.91

5.12

7.55

11.22

796

1435

934

486

297

144

68

4.83

2.03

2.6

3.75

4.91

7.24

10.75

831

1627

1060

551

336

163

77

8.79

2.21

3.07

4.89

6.8

10.71

16.68

890

3071

1847

868

500

227

102

8.77

2.13

2.95

4.7

6.53

10.29

16.03

927

3447

2073

974

561

254

114

8.75

2.05

2.84

4.52

6.29

9.9

15.42

963

3852

2316

1089

627

284

128

9.16

1.94

2.68

4.28

5.95

9.37

14.59

1072

5253

3159

1485

855

388

174

9.11

1.76

2.43

3.88

5.39

8.49

13.23

1181

6960

4185

1968

1133

514

231

9.07

1.61

2.23

3.55

4.94

7.77

12.11

1290

9001

5413

2545

1465

664

299

9.01

1.37

1.9

3.04

4.22

6.65

10.35

1508

14205

8542

4016

2312

1048

471

8.94

1.2

1.66

2.64

3.67

5.79

9.01

1726

21106

12692

5967

3436

1558

700

8.93

1.06

1.48

2.35

3.27

5.15

8.02

1944

29942

18007

8465

4874

2210

993

8.92

0.96

1.33

2.12

2.94

4.64

7.22

2162

40954

24629

11578

6667

3023

1359

2 1/4

66

2 1/4

69

2 1/2

72

2 1/2

8 1/2

75

2 1/2

8 1/2

78

2 1/2

8 1/2

81

2 3/4

10

90

2 3/4

10

99

2 3/4

10

108

12

126

3 1/4

12

144

12

162

13 1/2

180

13 1/2

198

13 1/2

216

8.91

0.87

1.21

1.93

2.68

4.22

6.57

2381

54381

32703

15374

8853

4014

1804

8.88

0.8

1.11

1.76

2.45

3.86

6.01

2599

70462

42374

19920

11470

5201

2338

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

96

AU

FF

25

42.5

L, C

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.


304L

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:39 PM

Page 67

UNIVERSAL EXPANSION JOINTSMETAL1100MM TO 3600MM SIZE


Style

End Connection

AUD
Universal
(Unrestrained)

AUT
Universal Tied

AUH
Universal Hinged

W Weld End

AUG
Univerval Gimal

F Forged Flange

V Vanstone End

E Elbow

METRIC
Axial
(mm)
Nominal
Size
Press.
Axial
(mm)
(Kg/Cm2) (Kg/mm) 305 mm LL

1100

Effective Area
10418 cm2

1150

Effective Area
11357 cm2

1200

Effective Area
12337 cm2

1250

Effective Area
13767 cm2

1300

Effective Area
14844 cm2

1350

Effective Area
15961 cm2

1500

Effective Area
19556 cm2

1650

Effective Area
23516 cm2

1800

Effective Area
27841 cm2

2100

Effective Area
37585 cm2

2400

Effective Area
48788 cm2

2700

Effective Area
61451 cm2

3000

Effective Area
75573 cm2

3300

Effective Area
91154 cm2

3600

Effective Area
108195 cm2

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.5

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

Lateral
Lateral Movement
Movement (mm)

Length of end Fitting (mm)


Add to LL to obtain assembly OAL

Lateral Spring Rate (Kg/mm)


457 mm LL

610 mm LL

914 mm LL 1219 mm LL 2133 mm LL

123

56

72

104

136

201

298

14

22

15

123

54

69

99

130

192

285

14

26

17

123

52

66

95

125

184

273

15

29

19

10

223

56

78

124

173

272

424

16

55

33

16

223

54

75

119

166

261

407

17

62

37

17

10

222

52

72

115

160

252

392

17

69

41

19

11

233

49

68

109

151

238

371

19

94

56

27

15

231

45

62

99

137

216

336

21

124

75

35

20

230

41

57

90

125

197

308

23

161

97

45

26

12

229

35

48

77

107

169

263

27

254

153

72

41

19

227

30

42

67

93

147

229

31

377

227

107

61

28

13

227

27

37

60

83

131

204

35

535

322

151

87

39

18

227

24

34

54

75

118

183

39

732

440

207

119

54

24

226

22

31

49

68

107

167

43

971

584

275

158

72

32

226

20

28

45

62

98

153

46

1259

757

356

205

93

42

NOM I.D.

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

OVERALL LENGTH

ACCESSORIES

ALT. BELLOWS MAT.

2400m

AU

FF

1.8

1080

L, C

304L

57

203

1676

57

203

1753

64

203

1829

64

216

1905

64

216

1981

64

216

2057

70

254

2286

70

254

2515

70

254

2743

76

305

3200

83

305

3658

305

4115

343

4572

343

5029

343

5486

67

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:39 PM

Page 68

-[ MOMENT AND TORSION DATA ]-


The information on the following pages is offered for the benefit of those specifiers who are modeling
expansion joints in computer stress programs.

Forces and Moments


When an expansion joint is offset laterally, the offset force can be assumed to act at a node at the center of
the bellows element if the expansion joint is a single bellows type. If the expansion joint is a universal type,
the offset force can be assumed to act at a node at the center of the spool that separates the two bellows
elements. The expansion joint can be considered as a node with stiffness values acting at the node point.

0"

0"
FL

FL

L/2

L/2

Model if
expansion
joint is
considered
as a node

Applied
Force
To Offset

FL

FL

LL/2

LL/2
LL

L
Single

If the expansion joint is being evaluated as an component with offset loads acting at the ends of the
assembly, there is a moment that must be considered to properly evaluate the effect of the expansion joint on
the adjacent piping. The moment is equal to (the offset force) X (the distance from the end of the assembly
to the center of the bellows element) if the expansion joint is a single bellows type. If the expansion joint is
a universal, the moment is equal to (the offset force) X (the distance from the center of the center spool to
the end of the assembly).
FL

FL
FL

Model if
expansion
joint is
considered
as an
assembly

FL

MA

MB

Operating OAL

68

MA
MB

Operating OAL

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:39 PM

Page 69

Torsion
Pipe stress programs require that expansion joints be modeled with 6 degrees of stiffness. One of these values
is torsional stiffness. The Caesar II pipe stress program by COADE contains a data base that includes all the
spring rate values for Senior Flexonics Pathway standard bellows elements from this catalog, including torsion
spring rate values. When other software programs are used, the torsional spring rates and torsional limits in
the following tables will be helpful.
Torsion can be very damaging to an expansion joint. Torque causes a bellows to want to take a cork screw
shape, significantly reducing its pressure carrying capacity. If torsion is present in any amount, it is very
important to specify the torsion loading in the inquiry so that the effects of torsion can be taken into
account in the product design. If a significant amount of torsion is present, it may be necessary to add
hardware to the expansion joint to isolate the bellows element from excessive torque. Expansion joint design
engineers assume there is no torsion load on an expansion joint unless a torsion value is specified. Contact
the factory for further information about torsion loading.

The torsion spring rates are based on torsional stiffness for single bellows elements with no lateral offset.
Testing indicates that lateral offset drastically reduces torsional stiffness and the pressure carrying capacity of
the bellows.
The torsion data following is applicable to single bellows elements without hinge or gimbal hardware. A
universal expansion joint without hardware to resist torque is made up of two single bellows elements. The
universal expansion joints specified in this catalog use two 6 convolution bellows elements. Therefore, the
torsion criteria for a standard universal expansion joints should be based on a 12-convolution single bellows
element if the assembly is being evaluated in total. If each bellows of the universal is being evaluated, use the
criteria for a 6 convolution bellows.

69

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:39 PM

Page 70

TORSIONAL STIFFNESS VALUES

2" TO 28" SIZE


VALUES ARE BASED ON:
1. Standard Convolution Height and Pitch
2. T-304 S/S Bellows Material
3. 800F Maximum Operating Condition
4. Data is Based Upon Single Bellows With Stated Convolution
Counts Only

SPRING RATES BELOW RESIST BELLOWS


MOVEMENT FOR TORSIONALLY APPLIED
MOMENT M

2 1/2

**

150 PSIG

**

300 PSIG

**

4 .006 .062 .008 .062 .010 .061

Maximum Allowable Torsion Angle in Degrees


Nom.
50 PSIG
150 PSIG
300 PSIG
Dia.

(In.)
**
**
**
6

70

18

**

150 PSIG

**

300 PSIG

**

4 2.46 .028 3.58 .032 7.30 .032

8 .003 .125 .004 .124 .005 .123

.076 .103 .092 .102 .112 .085

8 1.23 .057 1.79 .065 3.65 .064

12

.051 .155 .061 .154 .074 .127

12 .820 .085 1.19 .097 2.43 .095

16 .002 .250 .004 .222 .005 .218

16

.038 .206 .085 .185 .067 .188

16 .615 .113 .895 .130 1.82 .127

20

20

.030 .258 .068 .231 .054 .235

20 .492 .141 .716 .162 1.46 .159

.314 .042 .406 .039 .549 .039

8 .005 .120 .006 .119 .008 .114

4 .010 .060 .012 .059 .016 .057

.157 .085 .203 .079 .274 .078

8 1.65 .052 2.41 .060 4.81 .060

12 .003 .179 .009 .172 .011 .164

12

.105 .127 .135 .118 .183 .116

12 1.10 .078 1.60 .089 3.20 .089

16 .005 .233 .006 .230 .008 .218

16

.079 .170 .102 .157 .137 .155

16 .825 .104 1.20 .119 2.40 .119

20

20

.063 .212 .150 .178 .110 .194

20 .660 .130 .963 .149 1.92 .149

4 .021 .063 .036 .061 .038 .058

10

20

.564 .044 .799 .041 .983 .042

.282 .088 .400 .083 .492 .084

8 2.15 .048 3.20 .054 6.40 .054

12 .007 .188 .012 .184 .013 .174

12

.188 .132 .266 .124 .328 .126

12 1.43 .073 2.14 .081 4.26 .081

16 .005 .250 .009 .245 .009 .231

16

.141 .176 .200 .166 .246 .168

16 1.07 .097 1.60 .108 3.20 .108

20

.208 .199 .182 .227 .343 .193

1.08 .043 1.42 .041 1.52 .038

8 .015 .115 .025 .113 .022 .102

.538 .087 .708 .082 .760 .077

8 2.67 .046 4.16 .050 8.30 .050

12 .010 .173 .017 .170 .015 .154

12

.358 .130 .472 .123 .507 .115

12 1.78 .070 2.77 .074 5.54 .075

16 .007 .231 .013 .226 .027 .215

16

.269 .173 .354 .164 .677 .138

16 1.33 .093 2.08 .099 4.15 .099

20

.215 .217 .283 .205 .541 .172

1.25 .034 1.83 .038 1.96 .036

8 .024 .092 .033 .111 .040 .110

.623 .068 .917 .077 .982 .071

8 3.32 .044 5.29 .046 10.6 .046

12 .016 .138 .022 .167 .026 .165

12

.415 .101 .611 .115 .655 .107

12 2.21 .066 3.53 .069 7.04 .069

16 .012 .184 .016 .222 .020 .220

16

.311 .135 .459 .153 .872 .129

16 1.66 .087 2.64 .092 5.28 .092

20 .009 .230 .023 .257 .029 .252

20

.249 .169 .367 .191 .698 .161

20 1.33 .109 2.12 .114 4.22 .115

1.77 .031 2.68 .034 2.86 .032

8 .043 .104 .062 .090 .065 .086

.885 .062 1.34 .068 1.43 .064

8 4.06 .041 6.60 .043 13.2 .043

12 .029 .155 .041 .135 .043 .128

12

.590 .093 .893 .103 .955 .096

12 2.71 .062 4.40 .064 8.79 .064

16 .021 .207 .031 .180 .059 .149

16

.442 .124 .670 .137 1.27 .116

16 2.03 .083 3.30 .085 6.59 .085

20 .017 .259 .025 .225 .048 .187

20

.354 .155 .536 .171 1.015 .145

20 1.62 .104 2.64 .106 5.27 .106

4 .030 .058 .051 .057 .045 .051

12

4 .047 .046 .065 .056 .079 .055

4 .086 .052 .123 .045 .129 .043

14

16

22

4 3.30 .026 4.81 .030 9.61 .030

8 .011 .125 .018 .123 .019 .116

20 .011 .268 .010 .283 .021 .269


4

.152 .052 .184 .051 .223 .042

50 PSIG

12 .002 .187 .003 .186 .003 .184

20 .008 .289 .007 .306 .013 .263


3 1/2

Nom.
Dia.
(In.)

# of Cons

50 PSIG

# of Cons

Nom.
Dia.
(In.)

# of Cons

** Torsional Spring Rate (Kg - M) X 103 for catalog parts

4 4.29 .024 6.41 .027 12.8 .027

20 .859 .121 1.28 .135 2.56 .135


24

4 5.33 .023 8.32 .025 16.6 .025

20 1.07 .116 1.66 .124 3.32 .124


26

28

4 6.64 .022 10.6 .023 21.1 .023

4 8.12 .021 13.2 .021 26.4 .021

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:40 PM

Page 71

TORSIONAL STIFFNESS VALUES

50MM TO 700MM SIZE


VALUES ARE BASED ON:
1. Standard Convolution Height and Pitch
2. T-304 S/S Bellows Material
3. 800F Maximum Operating Condition
4. Data is Based Upon Single Bellows With Stated Convolution
Counts Only

SPRING RATES BELOW RESIST BELLOWS


MOVEMENT FOR TORSIONALLY APPLIED
MOMENT M
METRIC

**

10.5 Kg/Cm2

**

21. Kg/Cm2

**

4 0.075 0.062 0.094 0.062 0.114 0.061

Maximum Allowable Torsion Angle in Degrees


Nom.
3.5 Kg/Cm2 10.5 Kg/Cm2 21. Kg/Cm2
Dia.

(mm)
**
**
**
150

8 0.037 0.125 0.047 0.124 0.057 0.123

90

8 0.878 0.103

1.06 0.102

450

28.4 0.028

**

41.3 0.032

**

84.1 0.032

14.2 0.057

20.6 0.065

42 0.064

12

9.45 0.085

13.8 0.097

28 0.095

16 0.019

16 0.439 0.206 0.978 0.185 0.771 0.188

16

7.09 0.113

10.3

0.13

21 0.127

20 0.351 0.258 0.783 0.231 0.617 0.235

20

5.67 0.141

8.25 0.162

16.8 0.159

38 0.026

55.5

0.03

111

0.03

27.7

0.06

55.4

0.06

0.25 0.042 0.222 0.053 0.218

4 0.114

0.06 0.143 0.059

0.18 0.057

8 0.057

0.12 0.072 0.119

0.09 0.114

200

3.62 0.042

8 1.811 0.085

3.16 0.078

19 0.052

12

12.7 0.078

18.5 0.089

36.9 0.089

0.17

1.17 0.157

1.58 0.155

16

9.5 0.104

13.9 0.119

27.7 0.119

20 0.724 0.212

1.73 0.178

1.26 0.194

20

7.6

0.13

11.1 0.149

22.1 0.149

16 0.905

1.21 0.127

6.49 0.044

9.21 0.041

11.3 0.042

49.5 0.024

73.8 0.027

147 0.027

8 0.121 0.125 0.206 0.123 0.218 0.116

3.25 0.088

4.6 0.083

5.66 0.084

24.7 0.048

36.9 0.054

73.7 0.054

12 0.081 0.188 0.138 0.184 0.146 0.174

12

2.16 0.132

3.07 0.124

3.78 0.126

12

16.5 0.073

24.6 0.081

49.1 0.081

16 0.061

0.25 0.103 0.245 0.109 0.231

16

1.62 0.176

2.3 0.166

2.83 0.168

16

12.4 0.097

18.5 0.108

36.8 0.108

20 0.087 0.289 0.083 0.306 0.154 0.263

20

2.39 0.199

2.1 0.227

3.95 0.193

20

9.89 0.121

14.8 0.135

29.5 0.135

12.4 0.043

16.3 0.041

17.5 0.038

61.5 0.023

95.8 0.025

191 0.025

6.19 0.087

8.16 0.082

8.76 0.077

30.7 0.046

47.9

95.7

4.13

0.13

5.44 0.123

5.84 0.115

12

20.5

0.07

31.9 0.074

63.8 0.075

3.1 0.173

4.08 0.164

7.79 0.138

16

15.4 0.093

24 0.099

47.8 0.099

12.3 0.116

4 0.343 0.058 0.583 0.057 0.516 0.051

250

500

2.11 0.116

16 0.059 0.233 0.074

4 0.242 0.063 0.413 0.061 0.437 0.058

6.32 0.039

2.34 0.079

12

0.23 0.094 0.218

4.68 0.039

1.56 0.118

12 0.038 0.179 0.099 0.172 0.125 0.164

12 0.114 0.173 0.194

300

0.17 0.172 0.154

12

16 0.086 0.231 0.146 0.226 0.307 0.215

16

20 0.123 0.268 0.117 0.283 0.246 0.269

20

2.48 0.217

3.26 0.205

6.24 0.172

14.3 0.034

21.1 0.038

22.6 0.036

0.11

7.17 0.068

10.6 0.077

12 0.182 0.138 0.251 0.167 0.303 0.165

12

4.78 0.101

16 0.136 0.184 0.188 0.222 0.228

16

3.59 0.135

4 0.545 0.046 0.752 0.056

0.91 0.055

8 0.272 0.092 0.376 0.111 0.455

20 0.109
125

2.57 0.042

21. Kg/Cm2

1.29 0.085

8 0.172 0.115 0.292 0.113 0.258 0.102

100

2.12 0.051

**

10.5 Kg/Cm2

12 0.585 0.155 0.707 0.154 0.857 0.127

20
80

1.76 0.052

3.5 Kg/Cm2

12 0.025 0.187 0.031 0.186 0.038 0.184

20
65

Nom.
Dia.
(mm)

# of Cons

50

3.5 Kg/Cm2

# of Cons

Nom.
Dia.
(mm)

# of Cons

** Torsional Spring Rate (Kg - M) X 103 for catalog parts

0.23

350

0.22

0.26 0.257 0.332 0.252

38.3 0.124
243 0.023

11.3 0.071

38.3 0.044

60.9 0.046 121.6 0.046

7.04 0.115

7.55 0.107

12

25.5 0.066

40.6 0.069

81.1 0.069

5.28 0.153

10 0.129

16

19.1 0.087

30.5 0.092

60.8 0.092

15.3 0.109

2.87 0.169

4.23 0.191

8.04 0.161

30.9 0.034

33 0.032

0.09 0.745 0.086

10.2 0.062

15.4 0.068

12 0.329 0.155 0.473 0.135 0.497 0.128

12

6.8 0.093

10.3 0.103

8 0.493 0.104

0.71

16 0.247 0.207 0.355

400

0.05

19.2 0.124

20.4 0.031

1.49 0.043

20

0.05

76.5 0.022 121.8 0.023

1.42 0.045

600

20

4 0.986 0.052

550

650

20

24.4 0.114

48.7 0.115

93.6 0.021 152.2 0.021

304 0.021

16.5 0.064

46.8 0.041

76.1 0.043

152 0.043

11 0.096

12

31.2 0.062

50.7 0.064

101 0.064

700

0.18 0.684 0.149

16

5.1 0.124

7.71 0.137

14.6 0.116

16

23.4 0.083

38 0.085

76 0.085

20 0.197 0.259 0.284 0.225 0.547 0.187

20

4.08 0.155

6.17 0.171

11.7 0.145

20

18.7 0.104

30.4 0.106

60.8 0.106

71

Metal Bellows Correctedn

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Page 72

TORSIONAL STIFFNESS VALUES

30" TO 144" SIZE


VALUES ARE BASED ON:
1. Standard Convolution Height and Pitch
2. T-304 S/S Bellows Material
3. 800F Maximum Operating Condition
4. Data is Based Upon Single Bellows With Stated Convolution
Counts Only

30

32

34

36

50 PSIG

**

150 PSIG

**

** Torsional Spring Rate (In. - Lb/Deg) X 106 for catalog parts


Maximum Allowable Torsion Angle in Degrees
Nom.
300 PSIG Nom.
50 PSIG
25 PSIG
Dia. # of Cons
Dia.

(In.)
(In.)
**
**
**
# of Cons

Nom.
Dia.
(In.)

# of Cons

SPRING RATES BELOW RESIST BELLOWS


MOVEMENT FOR TORSIONALLY APPLIED
MOMENT M

44

40

42

72

14.5 .022 30.0 .021

25.6

.014

125

.008

726

.005

7.25 .044 15.0 .043

12.8

.027

62.3

.017

363

.009

12 2.76 .058

4.84 .067 10.0 .064

12

8.55

.041

41.5

.025

242

.014

16 2.07 .078

3.63 .089 7.51 .086

16

6.41

.054

31.1

.033

182

.018

4 10.1 .018

17.3 .021 35.8 .020

29.3

.013

10

24.9

.041

10

145

.023

12

20.8

.050

166

.008

8 5.03 .036

8.65 .042 17.9 .041

14.7

.026

5.77 .064 11.9 .061

12

9.77

.039

16 2.52 .073

4.32 .085 8.95 .082

16

7.33

.052

82.9

4 11.8 .017

20.7 .020 42.2 .020

33.3

.012

55.3

48

66

12

121

.028

996

.004

.015

498

.008

.023

332

.012

120

8 5.92 .035

10.4 .040 21.1 .039

16.6

.025

41.4

.030

249

.017

12 3.94 .052

6.92 .060 14.1 .059

12

11.1

.037

10

33.2

.038

10

199

.021

16 2.96 .070

5.19 .080 10.5 .079

16

8.32

.050

12

27.6

.045

12

166

.025

4 14.0 .017

24.6 .019 50.1 .019

72.1

.010

215

.007

1326

.004

36.0

.020

108

.014

663

.008

50

8 7.02 .033 12.31 .038 25.0 .037

38

**

8 4.15 .039

12 3.36 .055

108

25 PSIG

# of Cons

4 8.29 .019

46

60

Nom.
Dia.
(In.)

72

132

12 4.68 .050

8.21 .057 16.7 .056

24.0

.030

71.7

.021

442

.011

16 3.51 .066

6.16 .075 12.5 .074

18.0

.040

53.8

.028

332

.015

4 16.5 .016

29.0 .018 58.9 .018

10

14.4

.050

10

43.0

.035

10

265

.019

8 8.26 .031

14.5 .036 29.4 .035

12

12.0

.060

12

35.9

.041

12

221

.023

12 5.51 .047

9.66 .054 19.6 .053

81.1

.010

342

.006

1722

.003

16 4.13 .063

7.24 .071 14.7 .070

40.5

.019

171

.012

861

.007

4 19.3 .015

33.8 .017 68.7 .017

27.0

.029

114

.018

574

.010

8 9.63 .030

16.9 .034 34.3 .033

20.3

.038

85.4

.024

430

.014

12 6.42 .045

11.3 .051 22.9 .050

10

16.2

.048

10

68.4

.030

10

344

.017

12

57.0

.035

12

287

.021

510

.005

16 4.82 .059

8.45 .068 17.2 .067

4 22.3 .014

39.1 .016 79.5 .016

8 11.15 .028

52

84

12

13.5

.057

90.8

.009

19.6 .032 39.8 .032

45.4

.018

255

.010

12 7.44 .042

13.0 .048 26.5 .048

30.3

.028

170

.016

16 5.58 .057

9.78 .065 19.9 .064

54

96

22.7

.037

128

.021

10

18.2

.046

10

102

.026

12

15.1

.055

12

85.0

.031

144

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:40 PM

Page 73

TORSIONAL STIFFNESS VALUES

750MM TO 3600MM SIZE


VALUES ARE BASED ON:
1. Standard Convolution Height and Pitch
2. T-304 S/S Bellows Material
3. 800F Maximum Operating Condition
4. Data is Based Upon Single Bellows With Stated Convolution
Counts Only

SPRING RATES BELOW RESIST BELLOWS


MOVEMENT FOR TORSIONALLY APPLIED
MOMENT M
METRIC
** Torsional Spring Rate (Kg - M) X 103 for catalog parts

750

95.6 0.019

167 0.022

346 0.021 1100

295

0.014

47.8 0.039

83.6 0.044

173 0.043

148

12

31.9 0.058

55.7 0.067

115 0.064

12

16

23.9 0.078

41.8 0.089

87 0.086

116 0.018

199 0.021

412

58 0.036

99.6 0.042

206 0.041

12

38.7 0.055

66.4 0.064

16

29 0.073

800

850

900

950

1000

1050

3.5 Kg/Cm2

**

10.5 Kg/Cm2

**

21. Kg/Cm2

**

# of Cons

# of Cons

Maximum Allowable Torsion Angle in Degrees


Nom.
Nom.
3.5 Kg/Cm2
Dia.
Dia. # of Cons

(In.)
(In.)
**

Nom.
Dia.
(In.)

**

1435

0.008

0.027

718

98.5

0.041

16

73.9

0.054

338

169

137 0.061

12

113

0.039

49.8 0.085

103 0.082

16

84.4

0.02 1150

Nom.
Dia.
(In.)

1.8 Kg/Cm2

**

8369

0.005

0.017

4185

0.009

478

0.025

2790

0.014

359

0.033

2092

0.018

0.013

10

287

0.041

10

1674

0.023

0.026

12

239

0.05

12

1395

0.028

1910

0.008

11480

0.004

0.052

955

0.015

5740

0.008

1650

2700

# of Cons

3000

136 0.017

239

0.02

486

384

0.012

637

0.023

3827

0.012

68.2 0.035

120

0.04

243 0.039

192

0.025

478

0.03

2870

0.017

12

45.4 0.052

79.7

0.06

162 0.059

12

128

0.037

10

382

0.038

10

2296

0.021

16

34.1

59.8

0.08

121 0.079

16

95.9

0.05

12

318

0.045

12

1913

0.025

2480

0.007

15280

0.004

0.07

162 0.017

0.02 1200

1500

1.8 Kg/Cm2

284 0.019

577 0.019 1250

830

0.01

1800

3300

80.9 0.033

142 0.038

288 0.037

415

0.02

1240

0.014

7640

0.008

12

53.9

0.05

94.6 0.057

192 0.056

277

0.03

827

0.021

5093

0.011

16

40.5 0.066

70.9 0.075

144 0.074

208

0.04

620

0.028

3820

0.015

190 0.016

334 0.018

678 0.018

10

166

0.05

10

496

0.035

10

3056

0.019

12

413

0.041

3938

0.006

95.2 0.031

167 0.036

339 0.035

12

138

0.06

12

63.4 0.047

111 0.054

226 0.053 1300

934

0.01

16

47.6 0.063

83.4 0.071

170

0.07

467

0.019

1969

222 0.015

389 0.017

791 0.017

311

0.029

111

195 0.034

396 0.033

234

0.038

0.03

2100

12

2547

0.023

19838

0.003

0.012

9919

0.007

1313

0.018

6613

0.01

984

0.024

4960

0.014

3600

12

74 0.045

130 0.051

264

0.05

10

187

0.048

10

788

0.03

10

3968

0.017

16

55.5 0.059

97.3 0.068

198 0.067

12

156

0.057

12

656

0.035

12

3306

0.021

257 0.014

451 0.016

916 0.016 1350

1046

0.009

5878

0.005

128 0.028

225 0.032

458 0.032

523

0.018

2939

0.01

12

85.7 0.042

150 0.048

305 0.048

349

0.028

1959

0.016

16

64.2 0.057

113 0.065

229 0.064

262

0.037

1469

0.021

10

209

0.046

10

1176

0.026

12

174

0.055

12

980

0.031

2400

73

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:40 PM

Page 74

-[ X-PRESS EXPANSION JOINTS ]-


Features

Long axial movements


Self draining convolutions
Integral cover and liner
Leak proof packless
Maintenance free
Integral guide ring
5 Year Warranty with alloy 625 bellows

The X-Press bellows absorbs a very long stroke that minimizes the number of expansion joints required for a
typical installation. Inherent in the design are internal guide rings, a full thickness cover, self draining
convolutions, and an integral liner that is insensitive to flow direction. The internal guide rings permit the
designer to reduce the number of guides compared with a conventional internally pressurized bellows system.
The full thickness cover is designed to contain the full pressure of the system. If a bellows leak were to occur,
flow is directed along the pipe rather than radially toward personnel. The heavy wall cover is also very easy
to insulate due to its nominal pipe size. The self draining convolutions eliminate the possibility of sediment
and residue collecting in the convolutions and causing corrosive attack.
The X-Press design is inherently safe. In the event of an anchor failure, the bellows compress and actually
increase its strength. The end rings limit the extension of the expansion joint so that an anchor failure is
controlled and contained. The X-Press does not require maintenance, therefore, it can be installed in areas
where accessibility is limited. Lubrication and repacking are eliminated.
Normally located near an anchor, the single X-Press should be placed with the fixed end adjacent to the
anchor. The double X-Press is typically mounted in the middle of a long pipe run to absorb similar
movements from either direction. A support foot is uncluded with the double X-Press and acts as an
intermediate anchor.
PURGE and VENT CONNECTION located in
the top of the casing, allows the venting of
air or gases to assure a fluid-filled line. In
conjunction with a drain connection, the
vent can be used to flush the X-Press casing.

ANCHOR FOOT for single X-Press can be supplied


to withstand full pressure thrust and can be bolted
or welded in place. The double X-Press includes an
intermediate anchor foot.

DRAIN CONNECTION located in the bottom of the


casing for the removal of dirt, scale, sludge,
condensate and residue. This is an ideal location
for a steam trap when used for steam service.

A reprint of the paper Expansion Joints Vs Loops, an Economic Decision by Robert K. Broyles, is available without charge on request.
74

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:40 PM

Page 75

-[ IN-LINE PRESSURE BALANCED


X-PRESS II EXPANSION JOINTS]-
Features

Eliminates main anchors


Eliminates pressure thrust
Long axial movement
Self draining convolutions
Integral cover and liner
Leak proof packless
Maintenance free
Integral guide ring
5 Year Warranty with alloy 625 bellows

The X-Press II is an inline externally pressurized, pressure balanced expansion joint. The built in pressure
eompensating bellows eliminates all pressure thrust traditionally created from using unrestrained bellows.
The X-Press II is capable of long axial movements while eliminating pressure thrust on the system. Main
anchors are no longer required!
The unique design also incorporates internal guide rings to minimize external guiding requirements, a full
thickness cover that is easy to insulate, self draining convolutions to minimize corrosion and an integral liner
that insensitive to flow direction. The X-Press can be supplied in single or double ended design. Either type
can be supplied with a support that acts as an intermediate anchor.

Pipe Guide Spacing


Senior Flexonics Pathway recommends the first guide for an X-Press or X-Press II should be located within 12
pipe diameters of the expansion joint. The remaining guides should be spaced in accordance with the
formula below.
L = 0.131*(Ep*Ip/(P*A+SR*AX)).5
L = Maximum intermediate guide spacing (Feet)
Ep = pipe modulus of elasticity (lb/In2)
Ip = Pipe moment of inertia (Inches4)
P = Design pressure (lb/In2)
A = Bellows effective area (Inches2)
SR = Bellows spring rate
AX = Axial movement

Ep - 27,400,000 lb/In2 for carbon steel pipe at 300F.


Ip - See pages 87 through 89 for pipe moments of inertia
A See pages 78 and 81 for effective areas
SR See pares 78 and 81 for expansion joint spring rates

75

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:40 PM

Page 76

-[ X-PRESS DIMENSIONAL DATA ]-

H.
HOLE DIA. (B)
CL
FL

TYPE
ANCHOR
FOOT
A
B
C
D
E

ANCHOR FOOT

FL
8
8
10
12

FW

CL

CW
FW

CW

5/8
4
61/2
3
7/8
61/2 53/4
4
81/8 61/4 43/4 13/8
7/8
61/2 91/2
4
Custom Design

Refer to individual data pages 78-81 for diameter, shell O.D., O.A.L., and H.

Direct Buried X-Press


Soil

Concrete

PRIMARY SEAL
Nickel Alloy
Insulation
Bellows

Anchor plate to hold


expansion joint in place
by Senior Flexonics
Pathway or others

SECONDARY SEAL
Field applied high
temperature rope type
packing material to keep
out foreign matter

Many Senior Flexonics Pathway customers have direct burried X-Press Expansion Joints in steam and
condensate service. This eliminates the need for maintenance manways which are inconvenient to locate
and expensive to build. Years of dependable maintenance-free buried service have proven that manways are
not always required nor are they cost effective. Consider this money-saving approach when comparing the
total installed cost of slip joints versus X-Press.
Additional information on direct buried X-Press is available upon request.
76

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:41 PM

Page 77

-[HOW TO SPECIFY AN EXTERNALLY


PRESSURIZED EXPANSION JOINT ]-
SPECIAL
NOTE
If a special flange
rating or non-standard
wall thickness is
required, indicate any
special requirements
as free text at the end
of the part number.

STEP
1

STEP
3

The nominal pipe


size is the first item
of the part number.
If the metric tables have been
used, the letter M should
follow the nominal pipe size.

STEP
2

Select the type of end fittings


(weld ends WW, flanges FF,
flange by weld end FW).
2,

URE - 260C
TEMPERAT

10.5 KG/CM

Review the bill of


material located on
even number pages
78 through 81 to
obtain the flange
ratings and weld wall
thickness that is
supplied with standard
expansion joints.

Select the style required


(Single X-Press ASX,
Double X-Press ADX)

ADX DOUBLE

X-PRESS

X-PRESS (WW

SHOWN)

2,

URE - 260C
TEMPERAT

21 KG/CM

(WW SHOWN)

X-PRESS
URE - 500F
ASX SINGLE
, TEMPERAT 7th edition for the
X-PRESS
- 150 PSIG life is 1000 cycles per EJMA
SHOWN)
X-PRESS (WW
cycle
+/t shown.
PRESSURE
- 500F
1. Rated
ASX SINGLE
- 1/4" axial,
movemen
GE
ent is + /
full rated
ERATUREedition for the
misalignm
FF FLANGE/FLAN
installation
PSIG, TEMP
EJMA 7th
END
2. Maximum
flange pressureper
- 300
is 1000 cycles
lateral.
1/16 SURE
WELD END/WELD
16 for maximum
cycle life
/t shown.
axial, +WW
see page
PRES
1. Rated
movemen pressure. ent is + / - 1/4"
:
number.
unit is flanged,
full rated
BELLOWS
3. If ION
add to part
working misalignm
installation
/A516-70
ratings.
bellows material,
TRUCT
END
X-PRESS
11/2 x maximum

TRUCTION
OF CONS To specify alternate
(Alloy 625). Refer to page 19.
MATERIALS
ASTM B443

ADX DOUBLE

A53/A106
alternate test pressure: 2. Maximum
flange pressure
OF CONS To specify
PIPE: ASTMWall
lateral. thrust.
IALS B16.5
/16 pressure
20.
R.F.S.O. 625).
for1full
4. Maximum
18 for maximum
MATERlb.
pageD.
Standard
seefoot
ANSI B443 (Alloynumber. Refer to page Feet are designed
anchor
flanged,
150 : ASTM
: ASTM A1052) Series:
part
unit iswith
toR.F.S.O.
5. Anchor
BELLOWS lb. ANSI B16.5
3.willIf come
FLANGES
working pressure.
Kg/Cm
300 material, add /A516-70
X-Press (ADX)
METRIC
ratings.
2 Series: bellows
150 lb. (10.5
11/2 x maximum
6. All double
Kg/Cm )
thrust.
ASTM A53/A106
test pressure:
5
with plug.
300 lb. (21
PIPE:
Nominal
Wall
for full pressure
4. Maximum
D.
half coupling
URGE: ASTMA10
B16.5 R.F.S.O.
Standard
anchor foot Diameter
SteelA105
DRAIN/P
Feet are designed
3000# Threaded
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
: ASTM
come with
2 Series:
-70 Carbon
3 /4 Diameter
5. Anchor
FLANGES
(ADX) will
Kg/Cm )
300 lb. ANSI
Weight (Lb)X-Press
: ASTM A36/A516 150 lb. (10.5
2 Series:
ANCHOR
6. All double
(mm)
Kg/Cm )
5
with plug.
ADX
300 lb. (21
half coupling
URGE: ASTMA10
FW
Threaded Dimensions
ASX
Steel Length
DRAIN/P
FF
3000#
25
of
Carbon Overall
-70Anchor
WW
3 /4 DiameterType
FW
(In.)
A36/A516
57Weight (Lb)
Shell
Spring Bellows
FF
: ASTM
59
Anchor
H
WW
Axial
ANCHOR
55
Effective
ADX
OD Height
33

X-PRESS (WW

SHOWN)

D END

FW FLANGE/WEL

X-PRESS

D END

FW FLANGE/WEL
GE

FF FLANGE/FLAN

WELD END/WELD

Weight (Lb)

ADX
WW
Dimensions
FW
ASX
FF
Overall Length
Type of
WW
Anchor
FW
(mm)
26Weight (Lb)
Shell
Spring Bellows Anchor
FF
27
H
WW
25
Effective
ADX
OD Height
15
Rate
44
ADX
ASX
Foot for
16
45
(mm)
Area
14Dimensions
44
(mm)
FW
940
24
ADX
ASX
29
FF
584
25
(Cm2)
31
Overall Length
Type of
WW
159
24
(Kg/mm)
28
Anchor
114
(mm)18
31
1626
Shell
METRIC
Spring Bellows 914
46FW
A
33
19
Anchor
47FF
54 Axial
WW
159
30
16 H
Effective
44
ADX
0.77
OD Height
114
18
Rate
54
26
ASX
Nominal
200
A
Foot for 940
55
27
(mm)
100
37 20 34
54Movement
Area 584
159
52
24
(mm)
32 17
0.39
Diameter
114
29
ADX 1626
(mm)
36
21940
400
A
(Cm2) 914
39
23584
200
57 30 55
54
(Kg/mm) 159
34
19159
53 28
0.77
1626
22
940114
59
31
200
A ADX 114
ASX
62
54 584A
33914
100
51 24 48
54
(mm)
57
29159
1.54 159
45 19
114
Rate
0.39
98
ADX
ASX
33
Nominal
200 114
Foot for
43
29940
35
400
(In.)
40
100
Movement
Area
100 A
46
54 914A 1626
32584
31Dimensions
200
(In.)
82 36 79
96
54
39
25159
Diameter
FW
0.77 159
54
ASX
76 30
114
ASX
(In.)
0.77 25
65
1626
25
FF
23 of 37
400 114
70
47
56
(In.2)
200
68
Overall Length
Type
WW
200 A
73
6 1/4
54 686A 1168
52914
52
(Lb/In.)
100
56 29 52
62
54
Anchor
FW
(In.)39
4 1/2
67
41159
64
1.54 171
69
ADX
49 22
Shell
0.39
Spring Bellows Anchor
FF
A
101
39
36
51
72
32940
ASX
A 2032114
400
H 42
50
584
8.4 Axial
WW 104
A 200 141
43 84
1/4
(In.)
100
Height
55
1118
54
66
6
36
35
200
Effective
88
98
74
43
159
ADX
36
OD
40
46
4 1/2
28
Rate
0.77 171
8
57
80
114
118
ASX
Nominal
2.91 40
A
Foot
1626
30
43 76
23 for 37
400 141
(In.)
82
4
60
48
121
200
Area
8.4Movement
37 81
200 A
86
(In.)
54 686A 1168
6 1/4
54
51914
115
100
69 35 64
74
22
Diameter
64
ASX
77
4 1/2
44159
64
(In.)A
1.54 186
80
46 37 71
59 26
16
114
1
1.46
23
1168
46
67 121
36
(In.2)
200 168
65
86
8
39
400
65
8.4
6 1/4 51
61 126
100 A
(Lb/In.)
71
54 1118A 2032
74
6 1/4
44686
200
76 50 83
43
100
4 1/2 41
1/2
48
59
34171
37
0.77 186
8
68 64 116
79 41
131
3.48 50
A ADX 4
2032
39
54 106
ASX
400 168
83
4
73 36
54
8.4 23A
A 1168141
137
200
1/4
76
8.4
(In.)
113
A
1118
6
45
42
1/4
686
200
66
74
6
86
63
59
125
100
82
22
100
4 1/2
8 4 1/2
73
99
49171
64
2.91 186
94
63 37 99
70 34
16
141
1.75
23
1168
59
4 A
1 1/2
36A
200 168
78
8
46
101
400
80
181 79 174
6 1/4 70
100 A
85
74 1118A 2032
87
43 6 1/48.4
52686
200
65 65 82
43 1 8.4
167 67
124
4 1/2 56
56
72
40186
16 4 1/2
46
1.46 186
8
98 54
155
3.86 65
36 103 64
2032
52
63 115
27A
400 168
4
60
A 1041168
120
162
200
8.4 8 A
1118
6 1/4 115
59 93
49 123
3/48.4
200 A
66
116
100 635
148
100
22
124
4 1/2 91
85 9/16 86 6
87
54186
80
123
3.48 211
70 37 107
86 45 100
168
16
112
2
1.93
23
219
1168
79
4 A
94 185
44A
200
94
8
1753
56
78
8.4
A
122
400
1/4
90
686
193
B
111
6
11.4
87
100
43 6 3/4
63
104
100 991
102
200
177 80
161
163 1/2
4 1/2 62
71 107
67
84
49186
46
1.75 211
8
180
2.22 80
1
36 105 64
A 165 9/16
2032 115
64
77 142
400 219
4
71
8.4 27A
A 1041168
156
190
200
1118
6 1/4 113
11.4 8
72 109
57 152
200 B
78
166
124 635
170
100
82
161
4 1/2 97
56 118
8 6 5/8 867 5/16
63186
80
146
3.86 211
86 46 131
144
16
1.11
27
183101
1041 101
4 A
2 1/2
200 219
8
66
8.4 44A
A 1753168
111
157
400
140 98
100
6 3/4 96
91 168111
100 B
74635
125
124 991
131
200
230
195 2 15.5
88 148108
5/8 437 5/16
5469/16 75
87
97
57211
1.93 211
8
219
182
A
119 80 174
131
2.52
44
A 16 6
168
219
1753
72
8
27
100
400
90
4
1041
82
B
179
145
11.4
200
181
6 3/4 129
85 195
15.5
200 B
90991
193
161 635
219
100
98
155 74
230
59 208
5809/16 108
8 6 5/81637 5/16
73211
131
166
4.45 238
A
16
3
1.25
27 101 46
172.5
1041 181
4 A
200 273
8
B 1753219
127
187
120
11.4 44
400
5/16 114
143144 180
259108
125
100 B
145
161 991
158
133635
200
217118
309
216 1/2 19.2
6 5/8 788
94 273122
5/8 827 5/16
41
110
2.23 238
3
8
219 106211
A
2
44 132 80
263.5
A 16 6
205114
1753 246
80
400 273
4
203
256
100
15.5 25
200
991 152
98 207
19.2 8
99 221129
7 5/16 145
200 B
660B 1067
220
271
100
211 166
309
108
6 5/8 119
62 227
46 189
264230
8 8 5/81958 5/16
69
185
139
5.04
173.5
219
207
A
16
123
1.5
188
27
1/2
B
244
324
1041
4
3
118
200
8
B 1778
222
229
151
15.5 39
400
235191
150
136 273
7 5/16 139
100 C
249
230 1016
185
171635
200
253156
488
124 3 24.9
6 5/8 107
100 293
5/8 988 5/16
141
41
196
132238
2.52 264
8
344
A
44 156 80
3.89125
1753 254
8 B 16 8
140
400 324
4
B 1067273
356
366
180
19.2 25
200
260158 241
24.9
166 309
7 5/16 172
200 C
382
309 660
322
200991
100
62
222124
488
6 5/8 140
114 338
8 8 5/82168 5/16
216
69
329
161238
6.02 279
A
16
4
25 145 41
1.95
244.5
1067 280
4 B
207
238 308
200 356
8
B 1778273
273
275
193
19.2 39
400
200
233 403
194 327
8 5/16 164
100 C
310
309 1016
214
1088 5/16
222660
200
5/8 126
264
289
432
723
141 1/2 35.6
8
69
180
5/8
279
8
16
159
41
237
3.02
164
8
B
3
39 180
4.77150
395.5
1778 374
8 B
171
400 356
4
C 1041324
361
426
24.9 25
200
459187 429
1016 239
35.6
208 342
8 5/16 199
3/8
200 C
397
488 660
365
268
100
70
399131
723
8 5/8 161
134 383
810 3/4249 9
69
324
7.79 305
210264
238.5
B
281
16
5
25 264 41
2.39
1067 302
4 B
243
200 406
8
C 1753324
353
320
24.9 39
216
400
602269 572
250
280 452
8 5/16 294
100 C
405
488 1016
242
258660
200
542208
985
8 5/8 234
168 4 47.9
206 493
3/4125 9 3/8
176
42
301
3.89 305
8
356 176279
B
447
39 336 69
6.47200
1778 411
8 B 1610
226
215 457
400 406
4
534
486
35.6 26
200
1016 272
47.9
278 335
137 500
8 5/16 366
200 C
686C 1092
586
723
408
28210 3/8
306
312
100
5/8
279
84
414
379
985
8
41
174
3/4
8
330
260
70
482
12
9.56
231
B
490
16
6
25 334
3.23
1041 290
4 C
317
200 457
8
C 1854356
419
548
35.6 40
219
400
645299 602
300
9 3/8 377
370 510
100 C
493
723 1067
432
263660
200
559221
218 5 75.6
10
264 555
3/414110 3/8
309
42 3/4 291
344
4.79 330
174305
8
B
784
39 398 69
8.06250 1198
1753 466
8 C 1612
272
400 457
4
C 1092406
587
842
47.9 26
200
745367 681
1016 306
9 3/8 441
75.6
11
347 390
200 C
662
985 686
726
351
100
617251
109
1198
10
14337
197 449
8
456
70 3/4 355
512
262305
13.06 356
603
B
16
8
26 425 42
4.04
C
1092 331
357
200 508
8
C 1854406
416
684
47.9 40
400
3/8 489
686 257
952514 888
112 4
570
350
C
10
11
432
398
100
1067
502
985
522
169
E
361
316
200
3/4
824
267 6
12
14
283 629
377
41
330
6.54 356
198
8
795
C
40 528 70
9.16300 1519
C 16
1854 511
280
458 755
400 508
4
C 1118457
575
876
75.6 26
200
1067 348
112 8
10 3/8 592
12
366 443
296 845
200 C
661
714
E 407
1198 711
100
134
12
1519
16436
194 518
8
536
488
69 3/4 464
289
12.08 406
778
C
16
476 42 665
4.59
10
1092 368
4 C
359
617 997
200 610
8
C 1880457
501
893
75.6 40
11 568 26
400
400
445 667
12
100 C
614
663
E 371686 296
1198 1092
200
907455 1087
362 8 152.6
1890
16218
273 742
499
387
43 14 388
6.04 406
221
8
1177
40 599 70
10.31350
1854 592
8 C 16
340
614 738
400 610
4
C 1118508
707
112 27C
689
408
1292
11
200
1067
836
579
C
454
13
384
152.6
200
711
820
E 483
1519
1062
100
181
E
1890
18535
227 678
8
699
594
73 14 509
13.74
508 333
923
C
16
482 41 640
5.16
12
1118 479
4 C
444
815 1125
200 610
8
616
1088
12 580 26
400
450
557 832
13112 42
583 1223
100 E
1092C 1880
759
758
E 483711 383
1519
200
451 10 185.7
E
2302
18268
330 932
600
473
43 16 384
6.88
8
610 283
C
675 69 1027
1294
11.45400
1880 732
8 C 16
417
400 610
4
904
1459
12 773 40
200
152.6 27
1092 510
989765 859
560
14
185.7
200 E
737C 1143
E 610
1047
1890
1129
100
729435
226
E
2302
20731
274
8
788
MAT.554
761
73 16 577
15.45
610 410
917
C
16
27 567 43
5.73
14
1118
762
4 C
1257
953
42
200
BELLOWS
8
1905
C
760
E
697
1107
400
ALT
152.6
711
500
690
14
100 E
1118
975
727
E
1890
200
513 12 235.4
E
73 1127623 1387
FEATURES 418
3246
20366
617
544
44 18 437
7.73
8
E
610
1267
13.74450
OPTIONAL
1880
8 C 16
625
532
807 977
400 762
E
4
E 897 42 767
T
1457
1042
200
185.7 28
1092
747
16
235.4
200 E
E
1257
2302
1077
100
257
43 812427 1142
3246
317
24676
8
D, P, A
AXIAL MOVEMEN
792
74 18 637
17.17
E
610
16
1104
6.88
16
1143
C
673 79 826
982 1471
200
E
8
E 817 27 652
1354
400
185.7 43
737
PRESSURE
293 4
600
888
16
100
854
4
E
2302
200
MAT.
577 14
73 1306602 1636
458
24338
ENDS 8.59
16
750
44 20 487
8
E
762
899
1559
42
BELLOWS
1905
C
8
1276
28
400
ALT
STYLE
1000
E
4
E 1064
500
10.5
1809
235.4
1118
293
E
200
E
FEATURES
3246
1309
DIAMETER
289
44 1056500 1496
WW 27.47
24769
8
978
74 20 734
OPTIONAL
762
625
16
1358
18
4 E
ASX
T
43E
200
1228 1834
E
8
E 1064 28 844
1673
235.4
E
100
100
3246
1043
PART NUMBER
D, P, A
AXIAL MOVEMEN
641 16 356.8
74 1614728 2054
24385
919
45 24 624
13.74
8
E
1993 EXAMPLE
8 E 16
400
1234
PRESSURE
4
E 1344 43 1124
600
2308
E293 29
4
604
356.8
200
MAT.
1678
24 904
ENDS
321
44
30865
8
75
BELLOWS
1221
E
16
1675
28
ALT
STYLE
20
21
4 E
1521
8
E
2150
E293 44
FEATURES
921
DIAMETER
WW
1200
24
769 18 503.2
74
30433
625
1173
8
E
T EOPTIONAL
ADX
2297
43
8 E 16
1648
4
2772
356.8
100
698
503.2
PART NUMBER
D, P, A 45
AXIAL MOVEMEN
961
1822
24
385
8
1484
E
16
29
24
PRESSURE
EXAMPLE
4
1959
8
E
4
356.8
MAT.
ENDS
1009
481
30
75
BELLOWS
16
ALT
STYLE
20
E
150
44
8
E
FEATURES
503.2
DIAMETER
WW
30
1538
OPTIONAL
625
8
ASX 4
T
E
4
503.2
PART NUMBER
D, P, A
AXIAL MOVEMEN
769
16
24
PRESSURE
EXAMPLE
8
4
ENDS
STYLE
300
DIAMETER
WW
ADX
78
4
PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE
Axial
Movement
(mm)

ASX

ADX

81

80

Style

End
Fittings

Pressure
Rating

Axial
Movement

Optional
Hardware

Alternate
Bellows
Material

3 1/2

ASX

WW

50

D, P

625

90 m

ASX

WW

3.5

100

D, P

625

Nominal
Pipe Size
English
Metric

STEP
4

Specify the
design pressure.
If the required
design pressure is less
than 150 PSIG, specify
150 PSIG. If the required
design pressure is greater
than 150 PSIG but less
than 300 PSIG, specify
300 PSIG. If the required
design pressure is greater
than 300 PSIG, indicate
the required design
pressure in the part
number and a custom
design will be developed
for the application.

STEP
7
STEP
5

Indicate the
desired axial
movement in
increments of 4 through
16 as shown in the
product description tables
on pages 78 through 81.

STEP
6

Specify any
options
that are
preferred. Options
are described above.

ALLOY 625 WARRANTY


Senior Flexonics Pathway will replace in kind any X-Press style
expansion joint made with Alloy 625 bellows that fails due
to workmanship or corrosion within 6 years of the date of
shipment or 5 years from date of first use. Coverage does not
include field removal and replacement costs or charges
required for obtaining access to the part. Coverage does not
apply to failures caused by over pressurization due to water
hammer, excessive test pressure, or process upset conditions.
Return of the failed part is required for warranty replacement.

Specify an alternate
bellows material.
The standard
bellows material is Alloy 625.
If Alloy 625 is acceptable, it is
not necessary to specify a
material. If an alternate
bellows material is preferred,
indicate the bellows material
from the alloy choices listed
on page 19. Keep in mind
that the five-year warranty
only applies to Alloy 625
because Alloy 625 has
superior corrosion properties
when compared to other
bellows materials in steam
and condensate service.

77

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

X-PRESS

6:41 PM

Page 78

PRESSURE - 150 PSIG, TEMPERATURE - 500F


1. Rated cycle life is 1000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for the
full rated movement shown.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM B443 (Alloy 625). To specify alternate
bellows material, add to part number. Refer to page 19.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70
Standard Wall
FLANGES: ASTM A105
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. (10.5 Kg/Cm2) Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. (21 Kg/Cm2) Series:
DRAIN/PURGE: ASTMA105
3/4 Diameter 3000# Threaded half coupling with plug.
ANCHOR: ASTM A36/A516-70 Carbon Steel

Nominal
Diameter
(In.)

Axial
Movement
(In.)
ASX

1
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

Bellows Type of
Effective Anchor
Area
Foot for
(Lb/In.)
(In.2)
ASX

ADX

Shell
OD
(In.)

3. If unit is flanged, see page 16 for maximum flange pressure


ratings.
4. Maximum test pressure: 11/2 x maximum working pressure.
5. Anchor Feet are designed for full pressure thrust.
6. All double X-Press (ADX) will come with anchor foot D.

Dimensions
Anchor
Overall Length
(In.)
Height H
(In.)
ASX
ADX

Weight (Lb)
ASX
WW

FF

ADX
FW

WW

FF

FW

43

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

23

37

31

35

33

55

59

57

16

22

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

36

64

52

56

54

96

100

98

43

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

23

37

36

42

39

62

68

65

16

22

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

36

64

54

60

57

98

104

101

43

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

23

37

41

51

46

71

81

76

16

22

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

36

64

63

73

68

116

126

121

163

11.4

5 9/16

6 3/4

27

46

56

70

63

99

113

106

16

82

11.4

5 9/16

6 3/4

44

80

91

115

103

167

181

174

195

15.5

6 5/8 7 5/16

27

46

62

78

70

107

123

115

16

98

15.5

6 5/8 7 5/16

44

80

97

113

105

177

193

185

216

19.2

6 5/8 7 5/16

27

46

75

96

86

131

152

142

16

108

19.2

6 5/8 7 5/16

44

80

108

129

119

174

168

183

124

24.9

8 5/8 8 5/16

25

41

88

114

101

155

181

168

16

62

24.9

8 5/8 8 5/16

39

69

119

145

132

217

143

180

141

35.6

8 5/8 8 5/16

25

41

107

139

123

189

221

205

16

70

35.6

8 5/8 8 5/16

39

69

140

172

156

253

235

244

168

47.9

10 3/4

9 3/8

25

41

126

164

145

222

260

241

16

84

47.9

10 3/4

9 3/8

39

69

161

199

180

289

327

308

218

75.6

12 3/4

10 3/8

26

42

234

294

264

399

459

429

16

109

75.6

12 3/4

10 3/8

40

70

306

366

336

542

602

572

267

112

14

11

26

42

291

377

334

414

500

457

16

134

112

14

11

40

70

355

441

398

559

645

602

362

152.6

16

12

26

41

361

489

425

617

745

681

16

181

152.6

16

12

40

69

464

592

528

824

952

888

451

185.7

18

13

27

43

388

568

476

665

845

755

16

226

185.7

18

13

42

73

509

689

599

907

1087

997

513

235.4

20

14

27

43

384

580

482

640

836

738

16

257

235.4

20

14

42

73

577

773

675

1027

1223

1125

577

293

24

16

28

44

437

697

567

729

989

859

16

289

293

24

16

43

74

637

897

767

1127

1387

1257

641

356.8

24

28

44

487

817

652

812

1142

977

16

321

356.8

24

43

74

734

1064

899

1306

1636

1471

769

503.2

30

29

45

624

1064

844

1056

1496

1276

16

385

503.2

30

44

75

904

1344

1124

1614

2054

1834

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

78

Spring
Rate

2. Maximum installation misalignment is + / - 1/4" axial, + / 1/16 lateral.

DIAMETER

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

ASX

WW

150

AXIAL MOVEMENT
4

OPTIONAL FEATURES
D, P, A

ALT BELLOWS MAT.


625

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:41 PM

Page 79

10.5 KG/CM2, TEMPERATURE - 260C

X-PRESS
ASX SINGLE X-PRESS (WW SHOWN)

ADX DOUBLE X-PRESS (WW SHOWN)

WW WELD END/WELD END

FF FLANGE/FLANGE

FW FLANGE/WELD END

METRIC
Nominal
Diameter
(mm)
25
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

Axial
Movement
(mm)
ASX

Spring
Rate

Bellows Type of
Effective Anchor
Area
Foot for
(Kg/mm) (Cm2)
ADX

ADX

Dimensions
Shell
Anchor
Overall Length
(mm)
OD Height H
(mm)
(mm)
ASX
ADX

Weight (Lb)
ASX
WW

FF

ADX
FW

WW

FF

FW

100

200

0.77

54

114

159

584

940

14

16

15

25

27

26

200

400

0.39

54

114

159

914

1626

24

25

24

44

45

44

100

200

0.77

54

114

159

584

940

16

19

18

28

31

29

200

400

0.39

54

114

159

914

1626

24

27

26

44

47

46

100

200

0.77

54

114

159

584

940

19

23

21

32

37

34

200

400

0.39

54

114

159

914

1626

29

33

31

53

57

55

100

200

2.91

74

141

171

686

1168

25

32

29

45

51

48

200

400

1.46

74

141

171

1118

2032

41

52

47

76

82

79

100

200

3.48

100

168

186

686

1168

28

35

32

49

56

52

200

400

1.75

100

168

186

1118

2032

44

51

48

80

88

84

100

200

3.86

124

168

186

686

1168

34

44

39

59

69

64

200

400

1.93

124

168

186

1118

2032

49

59

54

79

76

83

100

200

2.22

161

219

211

635

1041

40

52

46

70

82

76

200

400

1.11

161

219

211

991

1753

54

66

60

98

65

82

100

200

2.52

230

219

211

635

1041

49

63

56

86

100

93

200

400

1.25

230

219

211

991

1753

63

78

71

115

107

111

100

200

309

273

238

635

1041

57

74

66

101

118

109

200

400

1.5

309

273

238

991

1753

73

90

82

131

148

140

100

200

3.89

488

324

264

660

1067

106

133

120

181

208

195

200

400

1.95

488

324

264

1016

1778

139

166

152

246

273

259

100

200

4.77

723

356

279

660

1067

132

171

151

188

227

207

200

400

2.39

723

356

279

1016

1778

161

200

180

254

293

273

100

200

6.47

985

406

305

660

1041

164

222

193

280

338

309

200

400

3.23

985

406

305

1016

1753

210

268

239

374

432

403

100

200

8.06

1198

457

330

686

1092

176

258

216

302

383

342

200

400

4.04

1198

457

330

1067

1854

231

312

272

411

493

452

100

200

9.16

1519

508

356

686

1092

174

263

219

290

379

335

200

400

4.59

1519

508

356

1067

1854

262

351

306

466

555

510

100

200

10.31

1890

610

406

711

1118

198

316

257

331

449

390

200

400

5.16

1890

610

406

1092

1880

289

407

348

511

629

570

100

200

11.45

2302

610

711

1118

221

371

296

368

518

443

200

400

5.73

2302

610

1092

1880

333

483

408

592

742

667

100

200

13.74

3246

762

737

1143

283

483

383

479

678

579

200

400

6.88

3246

762

1118

1905

410

610

510

732

932

832

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

DIAMETER

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

100

ASX

WW

10.5

AXIAL MOVEMENT
4

OPTIONAL FEATURES
D, P, A

ALT BELLOWS MAT.


625

79

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

X-PRESS

6:41 PM

Page 80

PRESSURE - 300 PSIG, TEMPERATURE - 500F


1. Rated cycle life is 1000 cycles per EJMA 7th edition for the
full rated movement shown.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
BELLOWS: ASTM B443 (Alloy 625). To specify alternate
bellows material, add to part number. Refer to page 20.
PIPE: ASTM A53/A106/A516-70
Standard Wall
FLANGES: ASTM A105
150 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
150 lb. (10.5 Kg/Cm2) Series:
300 lb. ANSI B16.5 R.F.S.O.
300 lb. (21 Kg/Cm2) Series:
DRAIN/PURGE: ASTMA105
3/4 Diameter 3000# Threaded half coupling with plug.
ANCHOR: ASTM A36/A516-70 Carbon Steel

Nominal
Diameter
(In.)

Axial
Movement
(In.)
ASX

1
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

Bellows Type of
Effective Anchor
Area
Foot for
(Lb/In.)
(In.2)
ASX

ADX

Shell
OD
(In.)

3. If unit is flanged, see page 18 for maximum flange pressure


ratings.
4. Maximum test pressure: 11/2 x maximum working pressure.
5. Anchor Feet are designed for full pressure thrust.
6. All double X-Press (ADX) will come with anchor foot D.

Dimensions
Anchor
Overall Length
(In.)
Height H
(In.)
ASX
ADX

Weight (Lb)
ASX
WW

FF

ADX
FW

WW

FF

FW

86

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

23

37

37

43

40

66

72

69

16

43

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

36

64

61

67

64

115

121

118

86

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

23

37

42

54

48

74

86

80

16

43

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

36

64

67

79

73

125

137

131

86

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

23

37

49

63

56

87

101

94

16

43

8.4

4 1/2

6 1/4

36

64

80

94

87

148

162

155

163

11.4

5 9/16

6 3/4

27

46

57

77

67

102

122

112

16

82

11.4

5 9/16

6 3/4

44

80

91

111

101

170

190

180

195

15.5

6 5/8 7 5/16

27

46

74

100

87

131

157

144

16

98

15.5

6 5/8 7 5/16

44

80

118

144

131

219

145

182

216

19.2

6 5/8 7 5/16

27

46

99

129

114

158

187

172.5

16

108

19.2

6 5/8 7 5/16

44

80

156

191

173.5

271

256

263.5

249

24.9

8 5/8 8 5/16

25

41

124

158

141

185

229

207

16

125

24.9

8 5/8 8 5/16

39

69

194

238

216

322

366

344

282

35.6

8 5/8 8 5/16

25

41

131

187

159

214

275

244.5

16

141

35.6

8 5/8 8 5/16

39

69

208

269

238.5

365

426

395.5

337

47.9

10 3/4

9 3/8

25

41

137

215

176

242

320

281

16

169

47.9

10 3/4

9 3/8

39

69

221

299

260

408

486

447

436

75.6

12 3/4

10 3/8

26

42

251

367

309

432

548

490

16

218

75.6

12 3/4

10 3/8

40

70

398

514

456

726

842

784

535

112

14

11

26

42

296

458

377

522

684

603

16

268

112

14

11

40

70

455

617

536

714

876

795

731

152.6

16

12

26

41

384

614

499

663

893

778

16

366

152.6

16

12

40

69

583

815

699

1062

1292

1177

676

185.7

18

27

43

435

765

600

758

1088

923

16

338

185.7

18

42

73

623

953

788

1129

1459

1294

769

235.4

20

27

43

427

807

617

727

1107

917

16

385

235.4

20

42

73

602

982

792

1077

1457

1267

865

293

24

28

44

500

1000

750

854

1354

1104

16

433

293

24

43

74

728

1228

978

1309

1809

1559

961

356.8

24

28

44

604

1234

919

1043

1673

1358

16

481

356.8

24

43

74

921

1521

1221

1678

2308

1993

1538

503.2

30

29

45

698

1648

1173

1200

2150

1675

16

769

503.2

30

44

75

1009

1959

1484

1822

2772

2297

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

80

Spring
Rate

2. Maximum installation misalignment is + / - 1/4" axial, + / 1/16 lateral.

DIAMETER

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

ADX

WW

300

AXIAL MOVEMENT
4

OPTIONAL FEATURES
D, P, A

ALT BELLOWS MAT.


625

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:41 PM

Page 81

21 KG/CM2, TEMPERATURE - 260C

X-PRESS
ASX SINGLE X-PRESS (WW SHOWN)

ADX DOUBLE X-PRESS (WW SHOWN)

WW WELD END/WELD END

FF FLANGE/FLANGE

FW FLANGE/WELD END

METRIC
Nominal
Diameter
(mm)
25
40
50
65
80
90
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600

Axial
Movement
(mm)
ASX

Spring
Rate

Bellows Type of
Effective Anchor
Area
Foot for
(Kg/mm) (Cm2)
ADX

ADX

Dimensions
Shell
Anchor
Overall Length
(mm)
OD Height H
(mm)
(mm)
ASX
ADX

Weight (Lb)
ASX
WW

FF

ADX
FW

WW

FF

FW

100

200

1.54

54

114

159

584

940

17

20

18

30

33

31

200

400

0.77

54

114

159

914

1626

28

30

29

52

55

54

100

200

1.54

54

114

159

584

940

19

24

22

34

39

36

200

400

0.77

54

114

159

914

1626

30

36

33

57

62

59

100

200

1.54

54

114

159

584

940

22

29

25

39

46

43

200

400

0.77

54

114

159

914

1626

36

43

39

67

73

70

100

200

2.91

74

141

171

686

1168

26

35

30

46

55

51

200

400

1.46

74

141

171

1118

2032

41

50

46

77

86

82

100

200

3.48

100

168

186

686

1168

34

45

39

59

71

65

200

400

1.75

100

168

186

1118

2032

54

65

59

99

66

83

100

200

3.86

124

168

186

686

1168

45

59

52

72

85

78

200

400

1.93

124

168

186

1118

2032

71

87

79

123

116

120

100

200

4.45

161

219

211

635

1041

56

72

64

84

104

94

200

400

2.23

161

219

211

991

1753

88

108

98

146

166

156

100

200

5.04

230

219

211

635

1041

59

85

72

97

125

111

200

400

2.52

230

219

211

991

1753

94

122

108

166

193

179

100

200

6.02

309

273

238

635

1041

62

98

80

110

145

127

200

400

3.02

309

273

238

991

1753

100

136

118

185

220

203

100

200

7.79

488

324

264

660

1067

114

166

140

196

249

222

200

400

3.89

488

324

264

1016

1778

180

233

207

329

382

356

100

200

9.56

723

356

279

660

1067

134

208

171

237

310

273

200

400

4.79

723

356

279

1016

1778

206

280

243

324

397

361

100

200

13.06

985

406

305

660

1041

174

278

226

301

405

353

200

400

6.54

985

406

305

1016

1753

264

370

317

482

586

534

100

200

12.08

1198

457

686

1092

197

347

272

344

493

419

200

400

6.04

1198

457

1067

1854

283

432

357

512

662

587

100

200

13.74

1519

508

686

1092

194

366

280

330

502

416

200

400

6.88

1519

508

1067

1854

273

445

359

488

661

575

100

200

15.45

1890

610

711

1118

227

454

340

387

614

501

200

400

7.73

1890

610

1092

1880

330

557

444

594

820

707

100

200

17.17

2302

610

711

1118

274

560

417

473

759

616

200

400

8.59

2302

610

1092

1880

418

690

554

761

1047

904

100

200

27.47

3246

762

737

1143

317

747

532

544

975

760

200

400

13.74

3246

762

1118

1905

458

888

673

826

1257

1042

PART NUMBER
EXAMPLE

DIAMETER

STYLE

ENDS

PRESSURE

100

ADX

WW

21

AXIAL MOVEMENT
4

OPTIONAL FEATURES
D, P, A

ALT BELLOWS MAT.


625

81

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:41 PM

Page 82

-[ INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS ]-
Senior Flexonics Pathway Expansion Joints are fully
inspected at the factory and are packaged to arrive at
the job site in good condition. Please, immediately
upon receipt at the job site, verify that there is no
freight damage; i.e., dents, broken hardware, loose
shipping bars, etc.
Because the bellows expansion joint is required to absorb
thermal and/or mechanical movements, the bellows
element must be constructed of a relatively thin gage
material. This requires special installation precautions.
The following steps should be taken prior to installation
of the expansion joint into the pipeline or duct.
1. The opening into which the expansion joint will
be installed should be examined to verify that the
opening for which the expansion joint wa
designed does not exceed the installation
tolerances designated by the designer and/or
purchaser. If the opening exceeds the tolerance,
notify Senior flexonics pathway at once for a
disposition.
2. The attachment edges of the pipe or duct should
be smooth, clean, and parallel to each other.
3. The area around the expansion joint should be
cleared of any sharp objects or protrusions. If not
removable, they should be noted so they can be
avoided.
4. Expansion joints provided with lifting lugs
should be lifted only by the designated lifting
lugs. SHIPPING BARS (PAINTED YELLOW) ARE
NOT DESIGNED TO BE LIFTING DEVICES.
NEVER USE A CHAIN OR ANY OTHER
HANDLING DEVICES DIRECTLY ON THE
BELLOWS ELEMENT OR BELLOWS COVER. For
expansion joints not provided with lifting lugs
(i.e., less than 500 lbs.), the best lifting method
should be evaluated at the time of installation.
5. The shipping bars are installed on an expansion
joint to maintain shipping length and give the
expansion joint stability during transit and
installation. DO NOT REMOVE THE SHIPPING
BARS UNTIL THE INSTALLATION IS COMPLETE.

Installation:
The following precautions must be taken when
installing an expansion joint:
1. Remove any protective covering from the ends of
expansion joint. Plywood covers may have been
used to protect flanges or weld ends. Check
inside expansion joint for dessicant bags or any
other material.
82

2. When a flow liner is installed in the expansion


joint, orient the expansion joint with FLOW
ARROW POINTING IN DIRECTION OF FLOW.
3. Using lifting lugs, lift joint to desired location
and position into pipeline or ducting.
4. Weld end expansion joints.
(a) PRIOR TO WELDING, COVER THE BELLOWS
ELEMENT WITH A CHLORIDE FREE FIRE
RETARDANT CLOTH. This is to prevent arc
strikes, weld splatter, etc. from damaging the
bellows element.
(b) Using the proper electrode, weld the
expansion joint to adjacent piping.
DO NOT USE BELLOWS TO CORRECT FOR
MISALIGNMENT OF PIPING UNLESS THIS
HAS BEEN CONSIDERED IN THE DESIGN OF
THE EXPANSION JOINT.
5. Flanged end expansion joints.
(a) Orient expansion joint flanges so that the
bolt holes are aligned with the mating flanges.
DO NOT FORCE THE EXPANSION JOINT TO
MATCH THE BOLT HOLES OF THE MATING
FLANGE. This causes torsion on the bellows
and will severely reduce the bellows capability
during operation and may cause premature
failure of the expansion joint. It is good
practice to leave one pipe flange loose until
the expansion joint is installed or to purchase
an expansion joint with a flange that will
rotate.
(b) Install gaskets and bolt to the required torque
recommended by the flange manufacturer.

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 83

INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS (CONTINUED)


After installation BUT PRIOR TO
HYDRO TEST
1. Inspect entire system to insure that anchors,
guides and pipe supports are installed in strict
accordance with piping system drawings. A pipe
guide spacing chart is provided below to aid in
this check.
2. ANCHORS MUST BE DESIGNED FOR THE TEST
PRESSURE THRUST LOADS.
Expansion joints exert a force equal to the test
pressure times the effective area of the bellows
during hydro test. Pressure thrust at design
pressure may be found on the individual
drawings. Refer to EJMA Safety
Recommendations.
3. If the system media is gaseous, check to
determine if the piping and/or the expansion
joint may require additional temporary supports
due to the weight for water during testing.
4. REMOVE SHIPPING BARS (PAINTED YELLOW)
PRIOR TO HYDROTESTING. Shipping bars are
not designed for hydrostatic pressure thrust loads.
5. Hydrostatically test pipeline and expansion joint.
ONLY CHLORIDE FREE WATER SHOULD BE
USED FOR HYDROTEST. (published reports
indicate chloride attach of stainless steel bellows
as low as 3 PPM). Water should not be left
standing in the bellows.

Pipe Guide Spacing Table


1. Senior flexonics pathway recommends that for
Flexway Single Expansion Joints the first guide be
located within four (4) pipe diameters from the
expansion joint and the second guide be located
within a distance of fourteen (14) pipe diameters
from the first guide. The remaining guides are to
be in accordance with the table below.
2. Senior flexonics pathway recommends that for
X-Press Expansion Joints the first guide be located
within twelve (12) pipe diameters from the
expansion joint. The remaining guides are to be
in accordance with the formula below.
Maximum intermediate guide spacing for any pipe
material or thickness may be calculated using the
following formula:
L

0.131

E1
PA Ra

Where L = Maximum intermediate guide


NOTES:
spacing (feet)
1. When bellows is compressed in
E + Modulus of elasticity of pipe
operation use (+) Ra; when extended,
material (psi).
use () Ra.
P + Design pressure (psig).
2. Dead weight of the pipe should also be
A + Bellows effective area (in2).
considered for guide spacing.
+ Axial stroke of expansion joint
(in).
Ra + Axial spring rate of bellows
(lbs/in.).
Recommended Maximum Spacing of Intermediate Pipe Guides for Applications Involving
Axial Movement Only. (Values Based on Standard Weight Carbon Steel Pipe)

General Precautions
1. Cleaning agents, soaps and solvents may contain
chlorides, caustics, or sulfides and can cause stress
corrosion which appears only after a bellows is
put into service.
2. Wire brushes, steel wool and other abrasives
should not be used on the bellows element.
3. Hydrostatic test pressure should not exceed 1 1/2
times the rated working pressure unless the
expansion joint was specifically designed for this
test pressure.
4. Some types of insulation leach chlorides when
wet. Only chloride free insulation materials
should be used for insulating an expansion joint.
SENIOR FLEXONICS PATHWAYS WARRANTY IS
VOID UNLESS THE ABOVE INSTRUCTIONS ARE
FOLLOWED

83

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 84

-[GENERAL CONVERSION FACTORS ]-

84

Multiply

By

To Obtain

Multiply

By

To Obtain

Atmospheres
Atmospheres
Atmospheres
Atmospheres
Atmospheres
Bars
Bars
Bars
Bars
British Thermal Units
British Thermal Units
British Thermal Units
British Thermal Units
B.T.U./hr.
B.T.U./hr./sq. ft.
B.T.U./hr./sq. ft./deg F.
B.T.U./sq. ft.
B.T.U./sq. ft./in.
Celsius
Centimeters
Centimeters
Centimeters
Centimeters
Centimeters/sec
Centipoises
Cubic centimeters
Cubic centimeters
Cubic centimeters
Cubic feet
Cubic feet
Cubic feet
Cubic feet
Cubic feet/second
Cubic inches
Cubic inches
Cubic meters
Cubic meters
Cubic meters
Degrees (angle)
Dynes
Dynes
Dynes/sq. cm.
Dynes/sq. cm.
Dynes/sq. cm.
Dynes/sq. cm.
Dynes/sq. cm.
Fahrenheit
Feet
Feet
Feet
Feet
Feet/minute
Foot-pounds
Foot-pounds
Foot-pounds
Gallons (U.S.)
Gallons (U.S.)
Gallons (U.S.)
Gallons (U.S.)
Gallons of water
Gallons/hour
Grams
Grams
Grams/cubic cm.
Grams/sq. cm.
Inches
Inches
Inches
Inches of mercury
Inches of mercury
Inches of mercury
Inches of water
Inches of water
Inches of water

33.9
29.92
103.30
14.7
760
9.869 x 10-1
1.0 x 106
1.020 x 104
14.5
777.5
1054.6
0.2520
2.928 x 10-4
0.2520
2.712
4.882
2.712
6.892
(oC x 1.8) + 32
0.0328
0.3937
0.01
1. x 104
0.03281
0.000672
3.531 x 10-9
6.102 x 10-2
1.0 x 10-3
1728
0.03704
7.481
28.32
26915
1.639 x 10-5
4.329 x 10-3
1.0 x 106
35.31
1.308
1.745 x 10-2
1.020 x 10-6
2.248 x 10-6
9.870 x 10-7
1 x 10-6
0.01020
2.089 x 10-3
1.450 x 10-5
5/9 (oF -32)
30.48
3.048 x 10-4
0.3048
304.8
0.01667
1.356
3.241 x 10-4
0.1383
0.1337
231
3.785 x 10-3
3.785
8.337
3.71 x 10-5
980.7
2.205 x 10-3
0.03613
1.422 x 10-2
2.54
0.0254
25.4
0.03342
3.453 x 10-2
0.4912
2.458 x 10-3
0.07355
0.03613

Feet of water
Inches of mercury
Kilograms/sq. m.
Pounds/sq. in.
mm of mercury
Atmospheres
Dynes/sq. cm.
Kgs./sq. meter
Pounds/sq. in.
Foot-pounds
Joules
Kg. -calories
K.W. -hours
Kg. cal/Hr.
Kg.-cal/hr./sq. m.
Kg.-cal/hr./sq.m./deg. C.
Kg.cal./sq.m.
Kg.cal/sq.m./cm.
Fahrenheit
Feet
Inches
Meters
Microns
Feet/sec
Lbs./ft.-sec.
Cubic feet
Cubic inches
Liters
Cubic inches
Cubic yards
Gallons
Liters
Gallons/hour
Cubic meters
Gallons
Cubic cm.
Cubic feet
Cubic yards
Radians
Kilograms
Pounds
Atmosphere
Bars
Kgs./sq.meter
Pounds/sq. ft.
Pounds/sq. in.
Celsius
Centimeters
Kilometers
Meters
Millimeters
Feet/second
Joules
Kg.-calories
Kg.-meters
Cubic feet
Cubic inches
Cubic meters
Liters
Pounds of water
Cu.ft./sec.
Dynes
Pounds
Lbs./cu. in.
Lbs./sq. in.
Centimeters
Meters
Millimeters
Atmospheres
Kgs./sq. cm.
Lbs./sq. in.
Atmospheres
Inches of mercury
Lbs./sq. in.

Inches of water
Inches of water (at 4o C.)
Inches-pounds/deg.
Joules
Joules
Joules
Kilograms
Kilograms
Kilograms
Kilogram-calories
Kilogram-calories
Kilogram-calories
Kilogram-meters
Kilograms/cu. meters
Kilograms/sq.cm.
Kilograms/sq.cm.
Kilograms/sq. meter
Kilograms/sq. meters
Kilometers
Kilometers
Kilometers
Kilonewtons/sq. meter
Kilospascals
Liters
Liters
Liters
Mega pascals (mPa)
Meters
Meters
Meters
Meters
Meters
Meters/sec.
Microns
Micropecka
Millimeters
Millimeters
Millimeters
Millimeters
Millimeters
Newtons
Newtons
Newtons/mm
Newton-Meters
Newtons/sq. meter
Ounces
Ounces (fluid)
Pounds
Pounds
Pounds
Pounds of water
Pounds of water
Pounds of water
Pounds/cu. foot
Pounds/cubic foot
Pounds/cubic foot
Pounds/cu. in.
Pounds/cu. in.
Pounds/inch
Pounds/inch
Pounds/square inch
Pounds/square inch
Pounds/square inch
Radians
Slugs
Square centimeters
Square feet
Square feet
Square inches
Square inches
Square meters
Square millimeters
Square millimeters

0.1869
2.54 x 10-3
0.66
9.486 x 10-4
0.7376
2.390 x 10-4
980665
1.0 x 103
2.205
3.968
3086
4186
7.233
3.613 x 10-5
9.80665 x 105
14.226
9.678 x 10-5
98.07
1.0 x 105
3281
3.937 x 104
0.145
0.145
103
0.0351
0.2642
145
3.281
39.37
100
0.001
1000
3.281
3.94 x 10-5
1.00
0.1
0.003281
0.03937
1.0 x 10-6
.001
1.0 x 105
0.2248
5.71
8.8504
1
28.35
0.02957
444823
453.6
0.4536
0.01602
27.68
0.1198
0.01602
16.02
5.787 x 104
2.768 x 104
1.728 x 103
17.86
178.6
2.036
51.7
703.1
57.3
3.217 x 101
0.1550
929
0.0929
645.2
6.452
1.55 x 103
1.0 x 10-2
1.55 x 10-3

Cms. of mercury
Kgs./sq. in.
Kilogram-meters/rad.
B.T.U.
Foot-pounds
Kg.-calories
Dynes
Grams
Pounds
B.T.U.
Foot-pounds
Joules
Foot-pounds
Pounds/cu. in.
Dynes/sq. cm.
Pounds/sq. in.
Atmospheres
Bars
Centimeters
Feet
Inches
Pounds/sq. in.
Pounds/sq. in.
Cubic centimeters
Cubic feet
Gallons (U.S.)
Pounds/sq. in.
Feet
Inches
Centimeters
Kilometers
Millimeters
Feet/sec.
Inches
Slug
Centimeters
Feet
Inches
Kilometers
Meters
Dynes
Pounds
Pounds/inch
Inch-pounds
Pascals
Grams
Liters
Dynes
Grams
Kilograms
Cubic feet
Cubic inches
Gallons
Grams/cu. cm.
Kgs./cu. meter
Pounds/ cu. in.
Kgs./cu. meter
Pounds/cu. ft.
Kilograms/meter
Grams/cm.
Inches of mercury
Mm of mercury
Kgs./sq. meter
Degrees
Pounds
Square inches
Square cms.
Square meters
Square mms.
Square cms.
Square inches
Square cms.
Square inches

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 85

-[THERMAL EXPANSION DATA ]-


Linear Thermal Expansion between 70F and Indicated Temperature, inches/100 feet

MATERIALS
Saturated
Steam
(PSIG)

-14.33
-13.75
-12.75
-10.97
-7.98
-3.16
4.22
15.12
30.71
52.31
81.46
119.9
169.6
232.6
311.3
407.9
525.2
666.2
833.6
1031
1261
1529

Temp.
deg F
-325
-300
-275
-250
-225
-200
-175
-150
-125
-100
-75
-50
-25
0
25
50
70
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600
625
650
675
700
725
750
775
800
825
850
875
900
925
950
975
1000
1025
1050
1075
1100
1125
1150
1175
1200
1225
1250
1275
1300
1325
1350
1375
1400
1425
1450
1475
1500

Carbon Steel Austenitic


5 Cr Mo
Carbon-Moly Stainless
thru
Steels
Low-Chrome
9 Cr Mo 18
(thru 3 Cr Mo) Cr 8 Ni
-2.37
-2.24
-2.11
-1.98
-1.85
-1.71
-1.58
-1.45
-1.30
-1.15
-1.00
-0.84
-0.68
-0.49
-0.32
-0.14
0
0.23
0.42
0.61
0.80
0.99
1.21
1.40
1.61
1.82
2.04
2.26
2.48
2.70
2.93
3.16
3.39
3.62
3.86
4.11
4.35
4.60
4.86
5.11
5.37
5.63
5.90
6.16
6.43
6.70
6.97
7.25
7.53
7.81
8.08
8.35
8.62
8.89
9.17
9.46
9.75
10.04
10.31
10.57
10.83
11.10
11.38
11.66
11.94
12.22
12.50
12.78
13.06
13.34

-3.85
-3.63
-3.41
-3.19
-2.96
-2.73
-2.50
-2.27
-2.01
-1.75
-1.50
-1.24
-0.98
-0.72
-0.46
-0.21
0
0.34
0.62
0.90
1.18
1.46
1.75
2.03
2.32
2.61
2.90
3.20
3.50
3.80
4.10
4.41
4.71
5.01
5.31
5.62
5.93
6.24
6.55
6.87
7.18
7.50
7.82
8.15
8.47
8.80
9.13
9.46
9.79
10.12
10.46
10.80
11.14
11.48
11.82
12.16
12.50
12.84
13.18
13.52
13.86
14.20
14.54
14.88
15.22
15.56
15.90
16.24
16.58
16.92
17.30
17.69
18.08
18.47

-2.22
-2.10
-1.98
-1.86
-1.74
-1.62
-1.50
-1.37
-1.23
-1.08
-0.94
-0.79
-0.63
-0.46
-0.30
-0.13
0
0.22
0.40
0.58
0.76
0.94
1.13
1.33
1.52
1.71
1.90
2.10
2.30
2.50
2.72
2.93
3.14
3.35
3.58
3.80
4.02
4.24
4.47
4.69
4.92
5.14
5.38
5.62
5.86
6.10
6.34
6.59
6.83
7.07
7.31
7.56
7.81
8.06
8.30
8.55
8.80
9.05
9.28
9.52
9.76
10.00
10.26
10.53
10.79
11.06
11.30
11.55
11.80
12.05

12 Cr
17 Cr
27 Cr

25 Cr
20 Ni

Monel
67 Ni
30 Cr

-2.04
-1.92
-1.80
-1.68
-1.57
-1.46
-1.35
-1.24
-1.11
-0.98
-0.85
-0.72
-0.57
-0.42
-0.27
-0.12
0
0.20
0.36
0.53
0.69
0.86
1.03
1.21
1.38
1.56
1.74
1.93
2.11
2.30
2.50
2.69
2.89
3.08
3.28
3.49
3.69
3.90
4.10
4.31
4.52
4.73
4.94
5.16
5.38
5.60
5.82
6.05
6.27
6.49
6.71
6.94
7.17
7.40
7.62
7.95
8.18
8.31
8.53
8.76
8.98
9.20
9.42
9.65
9.88
10.11
10.33
10.56
10.78
11.01

-3.00
-2.83
-2.66
-2.49
-2.32
-2.15
-1.98
-1.81
-1.60
-1.39
-1.18
-0.98
-0.78
-0.57
-0.37
-0.16
0
0.28
0.51
0.74
0.98
1.21
1.45
1.70
1.94
2.18
2.43
2.69
2.94
3.20
3.46
3.72
3.98
4.24
4.51
4.79
5.06
5.33
5.60
5.88
6.16
6.44
6.73
7.02
7.31
7.60
7.89
8.19
8.48
8.78
9.07
9.37
9.66
9.95
10.24
10.54
10.83
11.12
11.41
11.71
12.01
12.31
12.59
12.88
13.17
13.46
13.75
14.05
14.35
14.65

-2.62
-2.50
-2.38
-2.26
-2.14
-2.02
-1.90
-1.79
-1.59
-1.38
-1.18
-0.98
-0.77
-0.57
-0.37
-0.20
0
0.28
0.52
0.75
0.99
1.22
1.46
1.71
1.96
2.21
2.44
2.68
2.91
3.25
3.52
3.79
4.06
4.33
4.61
4.90
5.18
5.46
5.75
6.05
6.34
6.64
6.94
7.25
7.55
7.85
8.16
8.48
8.80
9.12
9.44
9.77
10.09
10.42
10.75
11.09
10.43
11.77
12.11
12.47
12.81
13.15
13.50
13.86
14.22
14.58
14.94
15.30
15.66
16.02

3 1/2
Nickel
-2.22
-2.10
-1.98
-1.86
-1.74
-1.62
-1.50
-1.38
-1.23
-1.08
-0.93
-0.78
-0.62
-0.46
-0.30
-0.14
0
0.22
0.40
0.58
0.76
0.94
1.13
1.32
1.51
1.69
1.88
2.08
2.27
2.47
2.69
2.91
3.13
3.34
3.57
3.80
4.03
4.27
4.51
4.75
4.99
5.24
5.50
5.76
6.02
6.27
6.54
6.81
7.08
7.35
7.72
8.09
8.46
8.83
8.98
9.14
9.29
9.45
9.78
10.11
10.44
10.78

Bronze
-3.98
-3.74
-3.50
-3.26
-3.02
-2.78
-2.54
-2.31
-2.06
-1.81
-1.56
-1.32
-1.25
-0.77
-0.49
-0.22
0
0.36
0.66
0.96
1.26
1.56
1.86
2.17
2.48
2.79
3.11
3.42
3.74
4.05
4.37
4.69
5.01
5.33
5.65
5.98
6.31
6.64
6.96
7.29
7.62
7.95
8.28
8.62
8.96
9.30
9.64
9.99
10.33
10.68
11.02
11.37
11.71
12.05
12.40
12.76
13.11
13.47

Brass
-3.88
-3.64
-3.40
-3.16
-2.93
-2.70
-2.47
-2.24
-2.00
-1.76
-1.52
-1.29
-1.02
-0.75
-0.48
-0.21
0
0.35
0.64
0.94
1.23
1.52
1.83
2.14
2.45
2.76
3.08
3.41
3.73
4.05
4.38
4.72
5.06
5.40
5.75
6.10
6.45
6.80
7.16
7.53
7.89
8.26
8.64
9.02
9.40
9.78
10.17
10.57
10.96
11.35
11.75
12.16
12.57
12.98
13.39
13.81
14.23
14.65

70 Cu
30 Ni
-3.15
-2.87
-2.70
-2.53
-2.36
-2.19
-2.12
-1.95
-1.74
-1.53
-1.33
-1.13
-0.89
-0.66
-0.42
-0.19
0
0.31
0.56
0.82
1.07
1.33
1.59
1.86
2.13
2.40
2.68
2.96
3.24
3.52

Aluminum
-4.68
-4.46
-4.21
-3.97
-3.71
-3.44
-3.16
-2.88
-2.57
-2.27
-1.97
-1.67
-1.32
-0.97
-0.63
-0.28
0
0.46
0.85
1.23
1.62
2.00
2.41
2.83
3.24
3.67
4.09
4.52
4.95
5.39
5.83
6.28
6.72
7.17
7.63
8.10
8.56
9.03

These data are for information and it is not to be implied that materials are suitable for all the temperatures shown.

85

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 86

-[ TEMPERATURE CONVERSIONS]-
Temp.

C.

C. or F.

F. C.

-459.69 to -19
-273.16
-267.78
-262.22
-256.67
-251.11
-245.56
-240.00
-234.44
-228.89
-223.33
-217.78
-212.22
-206.67
-201.11
-195.56
-190.00
-184.44
-178.89
-173.33
-169.53
-168.89
-167.78
-162.22
-156.67
-151.11
-145.56
-140.00
-134.44
-128.89
-123.33
-117.78
-112.22
-106.67
-101.11
-95.56
-90.00
-84.44
-78.89
-73.33
-70.56
-67.78
-65.00
-62.22
-59.45
-56.67
-53.89
-51.11
-48.34
-45.56
-42.78
-40.00
-39.45
-39.89
-38.34
-37.78
-37.23
-36.67
-36.12
-35.56
-35.00
-34.44
-33.89
-33.33
-32.78
-32.22
-31.67
-31.11
-30.56
-30.00
-29.45
-28.89
-28.31

86

-459.69
-450
-440
-430
-420
-410
-400
-390
-380
-370
-360
-350
-340
-330
-320
-310
-300
-290
-280
-273.16
-272
-270
-260
-250
-240
-230
-220
-210
-200
-190
-180
-170
-160
-150
-140
-130
-120
-110
-100
-95
-90
-85
-80
-75
-70
-65
-60
-55
-50
-45
-40
-39
-38
-37
-36
-35
-34
-33
-32
-31
-30
-29
-28
-27
-26
-25
-24
-23
-22
-21
-20
-19

-459.69
-457.6
-454.0
-436.0
-418.0
-400.0
-382.0
-364.0
-346.0
-328.0
-310.0
-292.0
-274.0
-256.0
-238.0
-220.0
-202.0
-184.0
-166.0
-143.0
-139.0
-130.0
-121.0
-112.0
-103.0
-94.0
-85.0
-76.0
-67.0
-58.0
-49.0
-40.0
-38.2
-36.4
-34.6
-32.8
-31.0
-29.2
-27.4
-25.6
-23.8
-22.0
-20.2
-18.4
-16.6
-14.8
-13.0
-11.2
-9.4
-7.6
-5.8
-4.0
-2.2

Temp.

C. or F.

0F.

C.

-18 to 53
-27.78
-27.23
-26.67
-26.12
-25.56
-25.00
-24.44
-23.89
-23.33
-22.78
-22.22
-21.67
-21.11
-20.56
-20.00
-19.44
-18.89
-18.33
-17.8
-17.2
-16.7
-16.1
-15.6
-15.0
-14.4
-13.9
-13.3
-12.8
-12.2
-11.7
-11.1
-10.6
-10.0
-9.44
-8.89
-8.33
-7.78
-7.22
-6.67
-6.11
-5.56
-5.00
-4.44
-3.89
-3.33
-2.78
-2.22
-1.67
-1.11
-0.56
0
0.56
1.11
1.67
2.22
2.78
3.33
3.89
4.44
5.00
5.56
6.11
6.67
7.22
7.78
8.33
8.89
9.44
10.0
10.6
11.1
11.7

-18
-17
-16
-15
-14
-13
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

Temp.

C. or F.

F. C.

54 to 350
-0.4
1.4
3.2
5.0
6.8
8.6
10.4
12.2
14.0
15.8
17.6
19.4
21.2
23.0
24.8
26.6
28.4
30.2
32.0
33.8
35.6
37.4
39.2
41.0
42.8
44.6
46.4
48.2
50.0
51.8
53.6
55.4
57.2
59.0
60.8
62.6
64.4
66.2
68.0
69.8
71.6
73.4
75.2
77.0
78.8
80.6
82.4
84.2
86.0
87.8
89.6
91.4
93.2
95.0
96.8
98.6
100.4
102.2
104.2
105.8
107.6
109.4
111.2
113.0
114.8
116.6
118.4
120.2
122.0
123.8
125.6
127.4

12.2
12.8
13.3
13.9
14.4
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.3
18.9
19.4
20.0
20.6
21.1
21.7
22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9
21.4
25.0
25.6
26.1
26.7
27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4
30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2
32.8
33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0
35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8
43.3
48.9
54.4
60.0
65.6
71.1
76.7
82.2
87.8
93.3
98.9
104.4
110.0
115.6
121.1
126.7
132.2
137.8
143.3
148.9
154.4
160.0
165.6
171.1
176.7

54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350

Temp.

C. or F.
360 to 1,070

129.2
131.0
132.8
134.6
136.4
138.2
140.0
141.8
143.6
145.4
147.2
149.0
150.8
152.6
154.4
156.2
158.0
159.8
161.6
163.4
165.2
167.0
168.8
170.6
172.4
174.2
176.0
177.8
179.6
181.4
183.2
185.0
186.8
188.6
190.4
192.2
194.0
195.8
197.6
199.4
201.2
203.0
204.8
206.6
208.4
210.2
212.0
230.0
248.0
266.0
284.0
302.0
320.0
338.0
356.0
374.0
392.0
410.0
428.0
446.0
464.0
482.0
500.0
518.0
536.0
554.0
572.0
590.0
608.0
626.0
644.0
662.0

182.2
187.8
193.3
198.9
204.4
210.0
215.6
221.1
226.7
232.2
237.8
243.3
248.9
254.4
260.0
265.6
271.1
276.7
282.2
287.8
293.3
298.9
304.4
310.0
315.6
321.1
326.7
332.2
337.8
343.3
348.9
354.4
360.0
365.6
371.1
376.7
382.2
387.8
393.3
398.9
404.4
410.0
415.6
421.1
426.7
432.2
437.8
443.3
448.9
454.4
460.0
465.6
471.1
476.7
482.2
487.8
493.3
498.9
504.4
510.0
515.6
521.1
526.7
532.2
537.8
543.3
548.9
554.4
560.0
565.6
571.1
576.7

360
370
380
390
400
410
420
430
440
450
460
470
480
490
500
510
520
530
540
550
560
570
580
590
600
610
620
630
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
720
730
740
750
760
770
780
790
800
810
820
830
840
850
860
870
880
890
900
910
920
930
940
950
960
970
980
990
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070

Temp.

F. C.

680.0
698.0
16.0
734.0
752.0
770.0
788.0
806.0
824.6
842.0
860.0
878.0
896.0
914.0
932.0
950.0
968.0
986.0
1004.0
1022.0
1040.0
1058.0
1076.0
1094.0
1112.0
1130.0
1148.0
1166.0
1184.0
1202.0
1220.0
1238.0
1256.0
1274.0
1292.0
1310.0
1328.0
1346.0
1364.0
1382.0
1400.0
1418.0
1436.0
1454.0
1472.0
1490.0
1508.0
1526.0
1544.0
1562.0
1580.0
1598.0
1616.0
1634.0
1652.0
1670.0
1688.0
1706.0
1724.0
1742.0
1760.0
1778.0
1796.0
1814.0
1832.0
1850.0
1868.0
1886.0
1904.0
1922.0
1940.0
1958.0

C. or F.
1,080 to 1,790

582.2
587.8
593.3
598.9
604.4
610.0
615.6
621.1
626.7
632.2
637.8
643.3
648.9
654.4
660.0
665.6
671.1
676.7
682.2
687.8
693.3
698.9
704.4
710.0
715.6
721.1
726.7
732.2
737.8
743.3
748.9
754.4
760.0
765.6
771.1
776.7
782.2
787.8
793.3
798.9
804.4
810.0
815.6
821.1
826.7
832.2
837.8
843.3
848.9
854.4
860.0
865.6
871.1
876.7
882.2
887.8
893.3
898.9
904.4
910.0
915.6
921.1
926.7
932.2
937.8
943.3
948.9
954.4
960.0
965.6
971.1
976.7

1,080
1,090
1,100
1,110
1,120
1,130
1,140
1,150
1,160
1,170
1,180
1,190
1,200
1,210
1,220
1,230
1,240
1,250
1,260
1,270
1,280
1,290
1,300
1,310
1,320
1,330
1,340
1,350
1,360
1,370
1,380
1,390
1,400
1,410
1,420
1,430
1,440
1,450
1,460
1,470
1,480
1,490
1,500
1,510
1,520
1,530
1,540
1,550
1,560
1,570
1,580
1,590
1,600
1,610
1,620
1,630
1,640
1,650
1,660
1,670
1,680
1,690
1,700
1,710
1,720
1,730
1,740
1,750
1,760
1,770
1,780
1,790

Temp.

F. C.
1,976.0
1,994.0
2,012.0
2,030.0
2,048.0
2,066.0
2,084.0
2,102.0
2,120.0
2,138.0
2,156.0
2,174.0
2,192.0
2,210.0
2,228.0
2,246.0
2,264.0
2,282.0
2,300.0
2,318.0
2,336.0
2,354.0
2,372.0
2,390.0
2,408.0
2,426.0
2,444.0
2,462.0
2,480.0
2,498.0
2,516.0
2,534.0
2,552.0
2,570.0
2,588.0
2,606.0
2,624.0
2,642.0
2,660.0
2,678.0
2,696.0
2,714.0
2,732.0
2,750.0
2,768.0
2,786.0
2,804.0
2,822.0
2,840.0
2,858.0
2,876.0
2,894.0
2,912.0
2,930.0
2,948.0
2,966.0
2,984.0
3,002.0
3,020.0
3,038.0
3,056.0
3,074.0
3,092.0
3,110.0
3,128.0
3,146.0
3,164.0
3,182.0
3,200.0
3,218.0
3,236.0
3,254.0

C. or F.

F.

1,800 to 3,000
982.2
987.8
993.3
998.9
1,004.4
1,010.0
1,015.6
1,021.1
1,026.7
1,032.2
1,037.8
1,043.3
1,048.9
1,054.4
1,060.0
1,065.6
1,071.1
1,076.7
1,082.2
1,087.8
1,093.3
1,098.9
1,104.4
1,110.0
1,115.6
1,121.1
1,126.7
1,132.2
1,137.8
1,143.3
1,148.9
1,154.4
1,160.0
1,165.6
1,171.1
1,176.7
1,182.2
1,187.8
1,193.3
1,198.9
1,204.4
1,210.0
1,215.6
1,221.1
1,226.7
1,232.2
1,237.8
1,243.3
1,248.9
1,254.4
1,260.0
1,265.6
1,271.1
1,276.7
1,282.2
1,287.8
1,293.3
1,298.9
1,304.4
1,310.0
1,343.3
1,371.1
1,398.9
1,426.7
1,454.4
1,482.2
1,510.0
1,537.8
1,565.1
1,593.3
1,621.1
1,648.9

1,800
1,810
1,820
1,830
1,840
1,850
1,860
1,870
1,880
1,890
1,900
1,910
1,920
1,930
1,940
1,950
1,960
1,970
1,980
1,990
2,000
2,010
2,020
2,030
2,040
2,050
2,060
2,070
2,080
2,090
2,100
2,110
2,120
2,130
2,140
2,150
2,160
2,170
2,180
2,190
2,200
2,210
2,220
2,230
2,240
2,250
2,260
2,270
2,280
2,290
2,300
2,310
2,320
2,330
2,340
2,350
2,360
2,370
2,380
2,390
2,450
2,500
2,550
2,600
2,650
2,700
2,750
2,800
2,850
2,900
2,950
3,000

3,272.0
3,290.0
3,308.0
3,326.0
3,344.0
3,362.0
3,380.0
3,398.0
3,416.0
3,434.0
3,452.0
3,470.0
3,488.0
3,506.0
3,524.0
3,542.0
3,560.0
3,578.0
3,596.0
3,614.0
3,632.0
3,650.0
3,668.0
3,686.0
3,704.0
3,722.0
3,740.0
3,758.0
3,776.0
3,794.0
3,812.0
3,830.0
3,848.0
3,866.0
3,884.0
3,902.0
3,920.0
3,938.0
3,956.0
3,974.0
3,992.0
4,010.0
4,028.0
4,046.0
4,064.0
4,032.0
4,100.0
4,118.0
4,136.0
4,154.0
4,172.0
4,190.0
4,208.0
4,226.0
4,244.0
4,262.0
4,280.0
4,298.0
4,316.0
4,334.0
4,442.0
4,532.0
4,622.0
4,712.0
4,802.0
4,892.0
4,982.0
5,072.0
5,162.0
5,252.0
5,342.0
5,432.0

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 87

-[PIPE PROPERTIES AND WEIGHTS]-


Nominal
Size Outside
Diameter
inches d

Weight
Designation
and/or Schedule
Number

Average
Wall
Thickness
inches t

Minimum
Cross
Inside
Wall Thickness
Sectional
Diameter
(=7/8t)
Metal
inches d
inches tm
sq. inches A

Moment
of
Inertia
inches4 I

Section
Modulus
inches3 Z

Radius
of
Gyration
inches Tg

Pipe
lb. per ft.

Weight
of
Water
lb. per ft.

1/8"

0.405

Std.
XS

40
80

10S
40S
80S

0.049
0.068
0.095

0.043
0.060
0.083

0.307
0.269
0.215

0.055
0.072
0.002

0.0009
0.0011
0.0012

0.0043
0.0052
0.0060

0.127
0.122
0.115

0.186
0.245
0.315

0.032
0.025
0.016

1/4"

0.540

Std.
XS

40
80

10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.088
0.119

0.057
0.077
0.104

0.410
0.364
0.302

0.097
0.125
0.157

0.0028
0.0033
0.0038

0.0103
0.0123
0.0140

0.169
0.163
0.155

0.330
0.425
0.535

0.057
0.045
0.031

3/8"

0.675

Std.
XS

40
80

10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.091
0.126

0.057
0.080
0.110

0.545
0.493
0.423

0.124
0.167
0.217

0.0059
0.0073
0.0086

0.0174
0.0216
0.0255

0.217
0.209
0.199

0.423
0.568
0.739

0.101
0.083
0.061

1/2"

0.840

Std.
XS

40
80
160

10S
40S
80S

0.083
0.109
0.147
0.187
0.294

0.073
0.095
0.129
0.164
0.258

0.674
0.622
0.546
0.466
0.252

0.197
0.250
0.320
0.384
0.504

0.0143
0.0171
0.0201
0.0221
0.0243

0.0341
0.0407
0.0478
0.0527
0.0577

0.269
0.261
0.250
0.240
0.219

0.671
0.851
1.09
1.30
1.72

0.154
0.132
0.101
0.074
0.022

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.083
0.113
0.154
0.218
0.308

0.057
0.073
0.099
0.135
0.191
0.270

0.920
0.884
0.824
0.742
0.614
0.434

0.201
0.252
0.333
0.434
0.570
0.718

0.0245
0.0297
0.0370
0.0448
0.0527
0.0579

0.0467
0.0566
0.0706
0.0853
0.100
0.110

0.349
0.343
0.334
0.321
0.304
0.284

0.684
0.857
1.13
1.47
1.94
2.44

0.288
0.266
0.231
0.187
0.128
0.064

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.109
0.133
0.179
0.250
0.358

0.057
0.095
0.116
0.157
0.219
0.313

1.185
1.097
1.049
0.957
0.815
0.599

0.255
0.413
0.494
0.639
0.836
1.08

0.0500
0.0757
0.0874
0.106
0.125
0.141

0.076
0.115
0.133
0.161
0.190
0.214

0.443
0.428
0.420
0.407
0.387
0.361

0.863
1.40
1.68
2.17
2.84
3.66

0.478
0.409
0.374
0.311
0.226
0.122

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.109
0.140
0.191
0.250
0.382

0.057
0.095
0.123
0.167
0.219
0.334

1.530
1.442
1.380
1.278
1.160
0.896

0.33
0.53
0.67
0.88
1.11
1.53

0.104
0.161
0.195
0.242
0.284
0.341

0.125
0.193
0.235
0.291
0.342
0.411

0.56
0.55
0.54
0.52
0.51
0.47

1.11
1.81
2.27
3.00
3.76
5.22

0.80
0.71
0.65
0.56
0.46
0.27

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.109
0.145
0.200
0.281
0.400

0.057
0.095
0.127
0.175
0.246
0.350

1.770
1.682
1.610
1.500
1.338
1.100

0.38
0.61
0.80
1.07
1.43
1.89

0.158
0.247
0.310
0.391
0.483
0.568

0.166
0.260
0.326
0.412
0.508
0.598

0.65
0.63
0.62
0.61
0.58
0.55

1.27
2.09
2.72
3.63
4.87
6.41

1.07
0.96
0.88
0.77
0.61
0.41

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.065
0.109
0.154
0.218
0.343
0.436

0.057
0.095
0.135
0.191
0.300
0.382

2.245
2.157
2.067
1.939
1.689
1.503

0.47
0.78
1.07
1.48
2.19
2.66

0.315
0.499
0.666
0.868
1.16
1.31

0.265
0.420
0.561
0.731
0.979
1.10

0.82
0.80
0.79
0.77
0.73
0.70

1.60
2.64
3.65
5.02
7.45
9.03

1.72
1.58
1.45
1.28
0.97
0.77

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.083
0.120
0.203
0.276
0.375
0.552

0.073
0.105
0.178
0.242
0.328
0.483

2.709
2.635
2.469
2.323
2.125
1.771

0.73
1.04
1.70
2.25
2.95
4.03

0.710
0.988
1.53
1.93
2.35
2.87

0.494
0.687
1.06
1.34
1.64
2.00

0.99
0.98
0.95
0.92
0.89
0.84

2.48
3.53
5.79
7.66
10.0
13.7

2.50
2.36
2.08
1.84
1.54
1.07

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.083
0.120
0.216
0.300
0.438
0.600

0.073
0.105
0.189
0.263
0.382
0.525

3.334
2.360
3.068
2.900
2.624
2.300

0.89
1.27
2.23
3.02
4.21
5.47

1.30
1.82
3.02
3.90
5.04
5.99

0.744
1.04
1.72
2.23
2.88
3.43

1.21
1.20
1.16
1.14
1.09
1.05

3.03
4.33
7.58
10.3
14.3
18.6

3.78
3.61
3.20
2.86
2.34
1.80

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.083
0.120
0.226
0.318
0.636

0.073
0.105
0.198
0.278
0.557

3.834
3.760
3.548
3.364
2.728

1.02
1.46
2.68
3.68
6.72

1.96
2.76
4.79
6.28
9.85

0.980
1.38
2.39
3.14
4.93

1.39
1.37
1.34
1.31
1.21

3.47
4.97
9.11
12.5
22.9

5.00
4.81
4.28
3.85
2.53

XXS

3/4"

1.050

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

1"

1.315

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

1 1/4" 1.660

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

1 1/2" 1.900

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

2"

2.375

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

2 1/2" 2.875

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

3"

3.500

Std.
XS

40
80
160

XXS

3 1/2" 4.000

Std.
XS
XXS

40
80

87

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 88

-[PIPE PROPERTIES AND WEIGHTS]-


Nominal
Size Outside
Diameter
inches d

4"

4.500

Weight
Designation
and/or Schedule
Number

Std.
XS

40
80
120
160

5.56.3

Std.
XS

40
80
120
160

6.625

Std.
XS

40
80
120
160

8"

8.625

Std.
XS

Std.
XS

1.25
1.76
3.21
4.27
5.18
5.90
6.79

1.56
1.55
1.51
1.48
1.45
1.42
1.37

3.92
5.61
10.8
15.0
19.0
22.5
27.5

6.40
6.17
5.51
4.98
4.47
4.02
3.38

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.109
0.134
0.258
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750

0.095
0.117
0.226
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.655

5.345
5.295
5.047
4.813
4.563
4.313
4.063

1.87
2.29
4.30
6.11
7.95
9.70
11.3

6.95
8.43
15.2
20.7
25.7
30.0
33.6

2.50
3.03
5.45
7.43
9.25
10.80
12.10

1.93
1.92
1.88
1.84
1.80
1.76
1.72

6.35
7.77
14.6
20.8
27.0
33.0
38.6

9.73
9.53
8.66
7.88
7.09
6.33
5.62

5S
10S
40S
80S

0.109
0.134
0.280
0.432
0.562
0.718
0.864

0.095
0.117
0.245
0.378
0.492
0.628
0.756

6.407
6.357
6.065
5.761
5.501
5.189
4.897

2.23
2.73
5.58
8.40
10.7
13.3
15.6

11.9
14.4
28.1
40.5
49.6
59.0
66.3

3.58
4.35
8.50
12.20
15.00
17.80
20.00

2.30
2.30
2.25
2.20
2.15
2.10
2.06

5.37
9.29
19.0
28.6
36.4
45.3
53.2

14.0
13.7
12.5
11.3
10.3
9.16
8.14

5S
10S

0.109
0.148
0.250
0.277
0.322
0.406
0.500
0.593
0.718
0.812
0.875
0.906

0.095
0.130
0.219
0.242
0.282
0.355
0.438
0.519
0.628
0.711
0.766
0.793

8.407
8.329
8.125
8.071
7.984
7.813
7.625
7.439
7.189
7.001
6.875
6.813

2.92
3.94
6.58
7.26
8.40
10.5
12.8
15.0
17.8
19.9
21.3
22.0

26.5
35.4
57.7
63.4
72.5
88.3
106
121
141
154
162
166

6.13
8.21
13.40
14.70
16.80
20.60
24.50
28.10
32.60
35.60
37.60
38.50

3.01
3.00
2.96
2.95
2.94
2.91
2.88
2.85
2.81
2.78
2.76
2.75

9.91
13.4
22.4
24.7
28.6
35.6
43.4
50.9
60.6
67.8
72.4
74.7

24.1
23.6
22.5
22.2
21.7
20.8
19.8
18.8
17.6
16.7
16.1
15.8

0.134
0.165
0.250
0.307
0.365
0.500
0.593
0.625
0.718
0.750
0.843
0.875
1.000
1.125

0.117
0.144
0.219
0.269
0.319
0.438
0.519
0.547
0.628
0.655
0.738
0.766
0.875
0.984

10.482
10.420
10.250
10.136
10.020
9.750
9.564
9.500
9.314
9.250
9.064
9.000
8.750
8.500

4.52
5.49
8.26
10.1
11.9
16.1
18.9
19.9
22.6
23.6
26.2
27.1
30.6
34.0

63.7
76.9
114
138
161
212
245
256
286
296
324
333
368
399

11.90
14.30
21.20
25.60
29.90
39.40
45.50
47.60
53.20
55.10
60.30
62.00
68.40
74.30

3.75
3.74
3.71
3.69
3.67
3.63
3.60
3.59
3.56
3.55
3.52
3.51
3.47
3.43

15.2
18.7
28.0
34.2
40.5
54.7
64.3
67.5
76.9
80.1
89.2
92.3
104
116

37.4
36.9
35.7
34.9
34.1
32.3
31.1
30.70
29.5
29.1
27.9
27.5
26.0
24.6

0.165
0.180
0.250
0.330
0.375
0.406
0.500
0.562
0.625
0.687
0.750
0.843
0.875
1.000
1.125
1.312

0.144
0.158
0.219
0.289
0.328
0.355
0.438
0.492
0.547
0.601
0.655
0.738
0.766
0.875
0.983
1.149

12.420
12.390
12.250
12.090
12.000
11.938
11.750
11.626
11.500
11.376
11.250
11.064
11.000
10.750
10.500
10.126

6.52
7.11
9.82
12.9
14.6
15.7
19.2
21.5
32.8
26.0
28.3
31.5
32.6
36.9
41.1
47.1

129
141
192
249
279
300
362
401
439
475
511
562
579
642
701
781

20.30
22.00
30.00
29.00
43.80
47.10
56.70
62.80
68.80
74.50
80.20
88.10
90.80
101.00
110.00
123.00

4.45
4.44
4.42
4.39
4.38
4.37
4.33
4.31
4.29
4.27
4.25
4.22
4.21
4.17
4.13
4.07

19.6
24.2
33.4
43.8
49.6
53.5
65.4
73.2
80.9
88.5
96.2
107
111
125
140
160

52.5
52.2
51.1
49.7
49.0
48.5
47.0
46.0
45.0
44.0
43.0
41.6
41.1
39.3
37.5
34.9

40S
80S

40S
80S

100
120
140
160
5S
10S
20
30
12"

12.750

Std.

40S
40

XS

80S
60
80
100
120
140
160

88

Weight
of
Water
lb. per ft.

2.81
3.96
7.23
9.61
11.7
13.3
15.3

5S
10S

10.750

Pipe
lb. per ft.

1.15
1.65
3.17
4.41
5.59
6.62
8.10

160

10"

Radius
of
Gyration
inches Tg

4.334
4.260
4.026
3.826
3.624
3.438
3.152

XXS

20
30
40
60
80

Section
Modulus
inches3 Z

0.073
0.105
0.207
0.295
0.382
0.465
0.590

XXS

20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140

Moment
of
Inertia
inches4 I

0.083
0.120
0.237
0.337
0.438
0.531
0.674

XXS

6"

Minimum
Cross
Inside
Wall Thickness
Sectional
Diameter
(=7/8t)
Metal
inches d
inches tm
sq. inches A

5S
10S
40S
80S

XX

5"

Average
Wall
Thickness
inches t

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 89

-[PIPE PROPERTIES AND WEIGHTS]-


Nominal
Size Outside
Diameter
inches d

14"

14.000

10.8
13.4
16.1
18.7
21.2
25.0
26.3
31.2
36.1
38.4
44.3
50.1
55.6

255
315
373
429
484
562
589
687
781
825
930
1030
1120

36.50
45.00
53.30
61.40
69.10
80.30
84.10
98.20
112.00
118.00
133.00
147.00
160.00

4.86
4.84
4.82
4.80
4.78
4.74
4.73
4.69
4.65
4.63
4.58
4.53
4.48

36.7
45.7
54.6
63.4
72.1
84.9
89.3
106
123
131
151
170
189

62.0
60.6
59.7
58.6
57.5
55.9
55.3
53.1
51.1
50.0
47.5
45.0
42.6

15.500
15.376
15.250
15.000
14.750
14.688
14.500
14.314
14.250
13.938
13.564
13.124
12.814

12.4
15.4
18.4
24.4
30.2
31.6
35.9
40.1
41.6
48.5
56.6
65.8
72.1

384
474
562
732
894
933
1050
1160
1190
1370
1560
1760
1890

48.0
59.3
70.3
91.5
112
117
131
145
149
171
195
220
237

5.57
5.55
5.53
5.48
5.44
5.43
5.40
5.37
5.36
5.29
5.23
5.17
5.12

42.1
52.3
62.6
82.8
103
108
122
136
141
165
192
224
245

81.7
80.5
79.1
76.5
74.1
73.4
71.5
69.7
69.1
66.1
62.6
58.6
55.9

0.219
0.273
0.328
0.382
0.438
0.492
0.547
0.656
0.766
0.820
1.012
1.203
1.367
1.558

17.500
17.376
17.250
17.124
17.000
16.876
16.750
16.500
16.250
16.126
15.688
15.250
14.876
14.438

13.9
17.3
20.8
24.2
27.5
30.8
34.1
40.6
47.1
50.2
61.2
71.8
80.7
90.8

549
679
807
932
1050
1170
1290
1520
1730
1830
2180
2500
2750
3020

61.0
75.5
89.6
104
117
130
143
168
192
204
242
278
306
336

6.28
6.25
6.23
6.21
6.19
6.17
6.15
6.10
6.06
6.04
5.97
5.90
5.84
5.77

47.4
59.0
70.6
82.2
93.5
105
116
138
160
171
208
244
274
309

104
103
101
99.7
98.9
96.9
95.4
92.6
89.9
88.5
83.7
79.1
75.3
70.9

0.250
0.375
0.500
0.593
0.625
0.750
0.812
0.875
1.031
1.281
1.500
1.750
1.968

0.219
0.328
0.438
0.519
0.547
0.655
0.711
0.766
0.902
1.121
1.313
1.531
1.722

19.500
19.250
19.000
18.814
18.750
18.500
18.376
18.250
17.938
17.438
17.000
16.500
16.064

15.5
23.1
30.6
36.2
38.0
45.4
48.9
52.6
61.4
75.3
87.2
100
112

757
1110
1460
1700
1790
2100
2260
2410
2770
3320
3760
4220
4590

75.7
111
146
170
179
210
226
241
277
323
376
422
459

6.98
6.94
6.90
6.86
6.85
6.81
6.79
6.77
6.72
6.63
6.56
6.48
6.41

52.7
78.6
104
123
129
154
166
179
209
256
296
341
379

129
126
123
120
120
117
115
113
109
103
98.3
92.6
87.8

0.250
0.375
0.500
0.562
0.625
0.687
0.750
0.968
1.218
1.531
1.812
2.062
2.343

0.219
0.328
0.438
0.492
0.547
0.601
0.656
0.847
1.066
1.340
1.586
1.804
2.050

23.500
23.250
23.000
22.875
22.750
22.625
22.500
22.064
21.564
20.938
20.376
19.876
19.314

18.7
27.8
36.9
41.4
45.9
50.3
54.8
70.0
87.2
108
126
142
159

1320
1940
2550
2840
3140
3420
3710
4650
5670
6850
7820
8630
9460

110
162
213
237
261
285
309
388
473
571
652
719
788

8.40
8.35
8.31
8.29
8.27
8.25
8.22
8.15
8.07
7.96
7.87
7.79
7.70

63.4
94.6
125
141
156
171
186
238
296
367
429
483
542

188
184
180
178
176
174
172
166
158
149
141
134
127

0.312
0.375
0.500
0.562
0.625
0.750

0.273
0.328
0.438
0.492
0.547
0.655

29.376
29.250
29.000
28.875
28.750
28.500

29.1
34.9
46.3
52.0
57.6
68.9

3210
3830
5040
5640
6220
7380

214
255
336
376
415
492

10.5
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.3

98.9
119
157
177
196
234

294
291
286
284
281
277

13.500
13.375
13.250
13.125
13.000
12.814
12.750
12.500
12.250
12.125
11.814
11.500
11.188

0.250
0.312
0.375
0.500
0.625
0.656
0.750
0.843
0.875
1.031
1.218
1.438
1.593

0.219
0.273
0.328
0.438
0.547
0.574
0.655
0.738
0.766
0.902
1.066
1.258
1.394

0.250
0.312
0.375
0.438
0.500
0.562
0.625
0.750
0.875
0.937
1.156
1.375
1.562
1.781

Std.
XS

Std.
XS

10
20
30
40

80
100
120
140
160
10
20
Std.
30
XS
40
60
80
100
120
140
160

Std.
XS

10
20
30
40

60
80
100
120
140
160

Std.
XS

10
20
30
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
10

30" 30.000

Weight
of
Water
lb. per ft.

0.219
0.273
0.328
0.382
0.438
0.519
0.547
0.656
0.766
0.820
0.956
1.094
1.230

60

24" 24.000

Pipe
lb. per ft.

0.250
0.312
0.375
0.438
0.500
0.593
0.625
0.750
0.875
0.937
1.093
1.250
1.406

100
120
140
160

20" 20.000

Radius
of
Gyration
inches Tg

10
20
30

80

18" 18.000

Section
Modulus
inches3 Z

Average
Wall
Thickness
inches t

40
60

16" 16.000

Moment
of
Inertia
inches4 I

Weight
Designation
and/or Schedule
Number

20
30

Minimum
Cross
Inside
Wall Thickness
Sectional
Diameter
(=7/8t)
Metal
inches d
inches tm
sq. inches A

89

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:42 PM

Page 90

Warranty
Senior Flexonics Pathway warrants that products furnished will, at the time of delivery, be free from
defects in material and workmanship. Senior Flexonics Pathway will repair or replace any defects which
occur within one year from the date of installation or eighteen months from the date of shipment,
whichever occurs first.
Repair or replacement of the product will be, at Senior Flexonics Pathways option. Products to be
examined, and replaced or repaired at Senior Flexonics Pathways facilities must be returned to Senior
Flexonics Pathway by Purchaser within the warranty period with transportation charges prepaid. If the
examined equipment is found not to be defective or is not for some other reason within the warranty
coverage, Senior Flexonics Pathway service time and all other costs incurred on and off location will be
charged to Purchaser.
Purchaser shall be responsible for proper installation of the units and operating within the design limits
of each unit. Warranty shall not apply if the products are used for any purpose or under any condition
beyond those specified including without limitation; (1) abuse or misuse, or (2) modification by others,
or (3) uses subject to product abnormal conditions exceeding design limitations.
Correction of defects by repair or replacement shall constitute Senior Flexonics Pathways sole and
exclusive responsibility to Purchaser under this Warranty. Senior Flexonics Pathway shall in no event be
liable for injuries to persons or property or direct, incidental, liquidated or consequential damages
caused by use of the product.

Bellows Design Analysis is a Service Mark of Senior Flexonics Pathway.


X-Press and Pathway are registered trademarks of Senior Flexonics Pathway.
Flexway and Red Top are trademarks of Senior Flexonics Pathway.
SM

90

Metal Bellows Correctedn

7/11/00

6:43 PM

Page 91

EXPANSION JOINT SPECIFICATION SHEET


Company:

Date:
Sheet
Inquiry No.
Job No.

Project:
Item No./EJ Tag No.
Quantity
Nominal Size/I.D./O.D. (In.)
Expansion Joint Type
Fluid Information

Design Pressure, psig.


Test Pressure, psig.
Temperature

Maximum Installation Movement

Maximum Design Movements

Operating Fluctuations

Materials of Construction

Rods (Tie/Limit/Control)
Pantographic Linkage
Anchor Base (Main/Intermediate)
Dimensional Limitations

Spring Rate Limitations

Installation Position Horiz./Vert.


Quality Assurance Requirements

Medium Gas/Liquid
Velocity (Ft./Sec.)
Flow Direction

Design (F)
Max./Min. (F)
Installation (F)
Axial Compression (in.)
Axial Extension (in.)
Lateral (in.)
Angular (deg.)
Axial Compression (in.)
Axial Extension (in.)
Lateral (in.)
Angular (deg.)
No. of Cycles
Axial Compression (in.)
Axial Extension (in.)
Lateral (in.)
Angular (deg.)
No. of Cycles
Bellows
Liners
Cover
Pipe Specifications
Flange Specification

Overall Length (in.)


Outside Diameter (in.)
Inside Diameter (in.)
Axial (lbs./in.)
Lateral (lbs./in.)
Angular (lbs./in./deg.)
Bellows
Long. Seam
Weld NDE
Attach.
Pipe NDE
Design Code Reqrd.
Partial Data Reqrd.

Vibration Amplitude/Frequency
Purge Instrumentation Connection
Facing
O.D. (in.)
I.D. (in.)
Thickness (in.)
B.C. Diameter (in.)
No. Holes
Size Holes
Hole Orientation
Special Flange Design

1
2
3
4a
4b
4c
5
6
7a
7b
7c
8a
8b
8c
8d
9a
9b
9c
9d
9e
10a
10b
10c
10d
10e
11a
11b
11c
11d
11e
12
13
14
15a
15b
15c
16a
16b
16c
17
18a
18b
18c
18d
18e
18f
18g
19
20
21a
21b
21c
21d
21e
21f
21g
21h

of

91