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Counting Cubes
Number and Algebra, Level 1
Problem Kelsey loves to count. One day Ms Martin put a pile of cubes on Kelseys desk. Kelsey began to count the cubes. She told Ms Martin the following facts about the cubes: When I count the cubes by two I have one left over. When I count the cubes by three I have one left over. When I count by five I have none left over. From this information can Ms Martin work out how many cubes Kelsey has? What is this problem about? This problem involves skip counting and implies division with remainders. Using the concept of the least common multiple can solve problems like this. This kind of problem is very useful for finding number patterns. As the students go through the problem they should begin to see some patterns that will tell them more about the solution to Kelseys problem. The other interesting thing about this problem is that there is redundant information. Not all of the information is of help because it is already contained as part of other information. If students can see this it will cut down the number of calculations that they will have to make. Relevant Achievement Objectives

Number strategies AO1: use a range of counting, grouping, and eqaul-sharing strategies with whole numbers and fractions.

Specific Learning Outcomes The students will be able to:

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skip count in 2s, 3s, and 5s devise and use problem solving strategies (make an organised list)

Resources

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Hundreds board Cubes to introduce the problem Copymaster of the problem (English) Copymaster of the problem (Mori)

Lesson Sequence 1. Start counting backwards in 2s from 30. Ask the students to join in when they have worked out the pattern. 30 ..28..26..24..22..

2. 3. 4.

5. 6. Solution

Try other skip counting patterns for the students to follow. 1..3..5..7..9 Let the students invent their own counting patterns. Introduce the problem using a pile of cubes. Check that the students understand the problem before getting them to solve it with a partner. As the students solve the problem encourage them to use words or diagrams to explain their thinking. Ask questions that allow you to determine if they can understand the ideas of counting by 2s and having a remainder. Do they realise that if one cube was left after counting by 4s then the number of cubes must be in the sequence 1..5..9..13..? Make sure that the students are recording their solution so that they can convince themselves and others that they have attained a correct solution. Share records.

The lowest number of cubes that Kelsey could have is 25. The students could show this on a number line or in an organised list. I have used a list to show that number 25 is the first number to appear in each of the number sequences described by Kelsey.
2s 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 3s 1 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 5s 5 10 15 20 25