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General of the Army Douglas MacArthur

[1]
(January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an
American general, United Nations general,
and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
He was a Chief of Staff of the United States
Army during the 1930s and later played a
prominent role in the Pacific theater of
World War II. He was a highly decorated
US soldier of the war,[2] receiving the Medal
of Honor for his early service in the
Philippines and on the Bataan Peninsula.[3]
He was designated to command the
proposed invasion of Japan in November
1945. When that was no longer necessary,
he officially accepted the nation's surrender
on September 2, 1945.
MacArthur oversaw the occupation of Japan
from 1945 to 1951. Although criticized for
protecting Emperor Hirohito and the
imperial family from prosecution for war
crimes, MacArthur is credited with
implementing far-reaching democratic
reforms in that country. He led the United
Nations Command forces defending South
Korea against the North Korean invasion
from 1950 to 1951. On April 11, 1951,
MacArthur was removed from command by
President Harry S. Truman for publicly
disagreeing with Truman's Korean War
Policy.[4]
MacArthur fought in three major wars
(World War I, World War II, Korean War)
and was one of only five men ever to rise to
the rank of General of the Army.
Lakes, with headquarters in Chicago,
October 29, 1900. He then retired to
Elwell Stephen Otis Rochester, New York, where he died on
October 21, 1909. He was buried with full
Major General, United States Army military honors in Section 7 of Arlington
National Cemetery.
Born at Frederick City, Maryland, March
25, 1838, he graduated from the
University of Rochester (NY) in 1858 and
Harvard Law School in 1861.
He was commissioned Captain, 140th
New York Volunteer Infantry on
September 13, 1862, was appointed
Lieutenant Colonel on December 23, 1863
and was later appointed Colonel. He was
honorably mustered out of the volunteer
service on January 14, 1865,having been
incapacitated by a wound in battle.
He was breveted Brigadier General,
United States Volunteers, on March 13,
1865 in recoginition of his Civil War
service. He was appointed from New
York as Lieutenant Colonel, 22nd United
States Infantry on March 2, 1869,
Colonel, 20th Infantry, February 8, 1880,
Brigadier General, November 28, 1893
and Major General, United States
Volunteers, May 4, 1898, and, finally,
Major General, United States Army, on
June 16, 1906.
He was retired by operation of law at the
mandatory retirement age on March
25,1902. He was commended for military
skill and most distinguished service in the
Philippines during the Insurrection
there.
He departed for the Philippines on July
15, 1898 and once there relieved Major
General Wesley Merritt as Commanding
General and Military Governor of the
Islands, August 29, 1898. Conducted
operations against insurgents and
performed duties of military Governor
until May 5, 1900. Was also a member of
the Philippine Commission. On his return
to the United States he was assigned to
command of the Department of the
Sage School of Philosophy in 1891-1892. In
1892 he became the third president of
Jacob Gould Cornell University, a position he kept until
1920.
Schurman He was chairman of the First United States
Philippine Commission in 1899, and wrote
From Wikipedia, the free (besides a part of the official report to
encyclopedia Congress) Philippine Affairs--A Retrospect
and an Outlook (1902). With J. E. Creighton
and James Seth he founded in 1892 The
Philosophical Review. He also wrote
Kantian Ethics and the Ethics of Evolution
(1881); The Ethical Import of Darwinism
(1888); Belief in God (1890), and
Agnosticism and Religion (1896).
Schurman served as United States
Ambassador to Greece in 1912-13,
Ambassador to China between 1921 and
1925, and then as Ambassador to Germany
between 1925 and 1929. In 1917 Schurman
was appointed honorary chairman of the
American Relief Committee for Greeks of
Asia Minor, an organization which provided
humanitarian relief to Ottoman Greeks
during the Greek genocide. He retired to
Schurmann in 1930 Bedford Hills, New York in 1930.

Jacob Gould Schurman (May 22, 1854 –


August 12, 1942), American educationist,
was born at Freetown, Prince Edward Island
of Dutch descent, his Loyalist ancestors
having left New York in 1784.
While a student at Acadia College,
Wolfville, Nova Scotia, in 1875, he won the
Canadian Gilchrist scholarship in the
University of London, from which he
received the degree of BA in 1877 and that
of MA in 1878, and in 1877-1880 studied in
Paris, Edinburgh and (as Hibbert Fellow) in
Heidelberg, Berlin and Göttingen.
He was professor of English literature,
political economy and psychology at Acadia
College in 1880-1882, of metaphysics and
English literature at Dalhousie College,
Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1882-1886, and of
philosophy (Sage professor) at Cornell
University in 1886-1892, being Dean of the