Innovative Wave-Equation Migration
This project was funded through DOE’s Natural Gas and Oil Technology Partnership (NGOTP) program. The program establishes alliances that combine the resources and experience of the Nation’s petroleum industry with the capabilities of the National Laboratories to expedite research, development, and demonstration of advanced technologies for improved natural gas and oil recovery.
The left panel is a Kirchhoff migration image, and the right panel is an image obtained using a wave-equation migration method developed by this project. The image of the target region (reservoir) in the right panel is much better than that in the left panel. geologically complex regions such as those in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico. • A globally optimized Fourier finite-difference migration method. • A stationary-phase wave-equation migration. • A 3-D wave-equation migration method in the offset domain. • Two controlled-aperture wave-equation migration methods. • A method for extracting physical information from migration images. The researchers developed several new wave-equation migration methods in the shot domain, two new methods in the offset domain, and one new method for extracting physical information from migration images. 2-D and 3- synthetic and real data were used to test these methods. The results demonstrated that the new methods dramatically improve migration capability for imaging complex structures.
The goal of the project was to dramatically improve the capability of seismic migration for imaging complex structures that cannot be imaged by conventional seismic migration techniques.
The complex structures beneath salt bodies are difficult to image using conventional ray-based Kirchhoff migration. As exploration for natural resources takes place in complex regions such as those below salt structures in the Gulf of Mexico, the use of wave-equation migration has become more popular in the petroleum industry. As the development of wave-equation migration is rather new for oil and gas exploration, many issues need to be addressed to allow this new technology to reach its full potential. In general, more accurate imaging methods are less computationally efficient. One challenge is to increase migration accuracy without increasing computational costs. Another challenge is to obtain physical information of materials other than geometrical structures from migration images for reliable reservoir characterization. These were the two primary issues addressed in this project. The companies participating in this project included ADS, Amerada-Hess, Applied Geophysical Service, Baker Atlas, BHP, ChevronTexaco,ConocoPhillips,ExxonMobil, Fairfield Industries, Globe Exploration Service, Kerr-McGee, GX Technology, Paradigm, PGS, Screen Imaging, Shell, TomoSeis, Unocal, and Veritas DGC.
Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM
Several wave-equation-based seismic migration methods have been developed and implemented for 2-D and 3-D depth imaging. Migration results of synthetic and real data sets of the new methods demonstrate that they can produce vastly improved images of complex structures compared with conventional migration methods.
Ray theory-based Kirchhoff migration continues to be a major industry tool for imaging the Earth's subsurface structures for oil and gas exploration. This research provides industry with greatly improved migration algorithms based on wave theory. The new algorithms can produce more accurate images of complex regions than Kirchhoff migration can and can image complex structures that cannot be imaged by Kirchhoff migration. In addition, this research provides a novel approach for extracting physical information of materials during amplitude-preserving waveequation migration for reliable seismic reservoir characterization, which is vital for resource assessment. The research of this project could significantly increase the success rate of oil and gas exploration in
Current Status (October 2005)
This project is complete.
Among the major project achievements, researchers developed: • A split-step Pade migration method. • A split-step Fourier Pade migration method.
FY 2004-2005 Oil Program E&P Fact Sheets
L. Huang. proceedings of 73rd Annual International SEG Meeting.. pp. Cheng. 993-996. 2005. pp. L.. Huang..Publications Huang. proceedings of the 5th SEGJ International Symposium. Rev. L.C. L.. proceedings of the 7th SEG International Symposium—Imaging Technology. Wu. 2004. L. proceedings of 74th Annual International SEG Meeting. Sun... Roberts.C. Sun. M. Huang.C.K. C.. proceedings of 71st Annual International SEG Meeting. accepted. 2001. and Fehler.C.. and Fehler. 67-74. 2001 Project End: April 11. H. H.000 Performer Contribution: $0 Contact Information NETL – Purna Halder (purna.. 941944.. 2001. and Huang. Huang. V. pp.. and Li..halder@netl.. L. and Fehler. M..doe. Huang. 2004. Stationary-phase wave-equation migration.. Huang.C. L. 2002. X. Huang. L. proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Exploration Geophysics (RAEG2001). L. 1144-1147. Numerical investigation of migration imaging resolution: Roles of data-acquisition configuration and imaging propagators. House. Fehler. Earth Planet. Huang. K.H. 2005. Wiley. 30. Controlled-aperture wave-equation migration. Controlled-aperture wavepath wave-equation migration.. 3-D common-shot depth imaging with an optimized Fourier finite-difference scheme. R. 2004.gov or 505-665-1108)
FY 2004-2005 Oil Program E&P Fact Sheets
. M. proceedings of 72nd Annual International SEG Meeting. proceedings of 74th Annual International SEG Meeting. 2004. Huang. Globally optimized Fourier finite-difference migration in three dimensions. Z. Fehler. 1119-1122. L. M. L. Globally optimized Fourier finite-difference migration in the offset domain. M.. pp.C. Split-step Pade migration. H. 204-208. 2001.. Huang. 2003. pp...... M. pp.gov or 918-699-2083) LANL – Lianjie Huang (ljh@lanl. Z. 1041-1044. Fehler. pp. and Fehler.. 3-D imaging of seismic data from a physical model of a salt structure.. accepted. Split-step Fourier Pade migration method. pp. Project Start: April 12. and Sekharan. Ann. M. M. R. L. L.. 10871090. M. pp. proceedings of 75th Annual International SEG Meeting. Sci. Normal-reflection image... Imaging Technology. 2001. L. Crosswell seismic imaging of complex structures. Modern imaging using seismic reflection data. P. Huang. Fehler. Huang..C. Proceedings of 75th Annual International SEG Meeting. proceedings of 73rd Annual International SEG Meeting.. 38-45. Advanced wave-equation migration. and Xie.. Sun. 2003.. pp. Sun. Sun. and Fehler. 259-284. M. Fehler. L..C. and Fehler. M. P. M. M.. and Fehler.C. Li. H. proceedings of 71st Annual International SEG Meeting. proceedings of SEG/CSEG 2004 Meeting. and Schultz. 929-932. 2005 Anticapted DOE Contribution: $685. 2002. H. Fehler.