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You are on page 1of 4

Test 3

March 2006

LAST NAME: ID#:

Questions 1 and 2 are multiple choice, worth 5 marks each. Circle the correct answer. Only

the answer will be marked.

1. At x = 27, the Fourier sine series of f(x) =

_

1, 0 x < 1

0, 1 x 2

_

converges to

(a) 0 (b)

1

2

(c)

1

2

(d) 1 (e) None of these

2. The solution of the wave equation u

xx

=

1

9

u

tt

, 0 < x < 2, which satises the boundary

conditions u(0, t) = u(2, t) = 0, is given by

u(x, t) =

n=1

sin

_

nx

2

_

a

n

cos

_

3nt

2

_

+ b

n

sin

_

3nt

2

__

.

If u(x, t) satises the initial conditions u(x, 0) = 0 and u

t

(x, 0) = 3 sin(x) sin(3x), the

coecients a

n

and b

n

are given by

(a) b

2

=

1

, b

6

=

1

9

, b

n

= 0 otherwise, and a

n

= 0 for all n 1.

(b) a

2

= 3, a

6

= 1, a

n

= 0 otherwise, and b

n

= 0 for all n 1.

(c) b

2

= 3, b

6

= 1, b

n

= 0 otherwise, and a

n

= 0 for all n 1.

(d) a

2

=

1

, a

6

=

1

9

, a

n

= 0 otherwise, and b

n

= 0 for all n 1.

(e) None of the above

Answers: b, a.

2

3. [6 marks] Find the Fourier cosine series of f(x) = x on [0, ].

Solution:

a

0

=

2

_

0

xdx = , and for n 1, a

n

=

2

_

0

x cos(nx) dx =

2

n

xsin(nx)

2

n

_

0

sin(nx) dx =

2

n

2

cos(nx)

0

=

2

n

2

(1)

n

1

_

.

Then the series is

2

+

n=1

2

n

2

(1)

n

1

_

cos(nx) =

2

4

cos(x)

4

9

cos(3x) ...

3

4. [8 marks] The solution of the heat equation w

xx

=

1

2

w

t

, 0 < x < L, which satises the

boundary conditions w(0, t) = w(L, t) = 0, has the form

w(x, t) =

n=1

b

n

sin

_

nx

L

_

e

2

n

2

2

L

2

t

.

Find the solution u(x, t) of u

xx

=

1

9

u

t

, 0 < x < 3, which satises the boundary conditions

u(0, t) = 1, u(3, t) = 2, and the initial condition u(x, 0) = x. Write down the complete

solution u(x, t).

Solution:

L = 3, = 3. The boundary conditions are nonhomogeneous, therefore

u(x, t) = v(x) + w(x, t),

where w(x, t) satises the PDE with the homogeneous boundary conditions, and v(x) satises

v

Thus, v(x) = x1, and w(x, t) =

n=1

b

n

sin

_

nx

L

_

e

2

n

2

2

L

2

t

=

n=1

b

n

sin

_

nx

3

_

e

n

2

2

t

.

It remains to nd b

n

, which we do by satisfying the initial condition

u(x, 0) = v(x) + w(x, 0) = x.

It follows that

w(x, 0) = u(x, 0) v(x) = x (x 1) = 1,

so b

n

is the Fouries sine coecient of 1, and therefore

b

n

=

2

3

_

3

0

sin(

nx

3

) dx =

2

n

cos(

nx

3

)

3

0

=

2

n

[(1)

n

1].

Finally,

u(x, t) = v(x) + w(x, t) = x 1 +

n=1

2

n

[(1)

n

1] sin

_

nx

3

_

e

n

2

2

t

=

= x 1

4

sin(

x

3

)e

2

t

4

3

sin(x)e

3

2

t

...

4

5. [6 marks] Find the solution of Laplaces equation u

xx

+ u

yy

= 0 within the rectangle

0 < x < 2, 0 < y < 1, which satises the boundary conditions u(0, y) = 2y, u(2, y) = 0,

u(x, 0) = 0, u(x, 1) = 2 x. Write down the complete solution u(x, y).

Solution:

The boundary condition is continuous, and linear on each portion of the boundary, so

u(x, y) = x +y +xy +.

(1) The lower horizontal segment: y = 0 x + = 0 = = 0

u(x, y) = y +xy.

(2) The left vertical segment: x = 0 y = 2y = 2

u(x, y) = 2y +xy.

(3) The right vertical segment: x = 2 2y + 2y = 0 = 1

u(x, y) = 2y xy.

Check the upper horizontal segment: y = 1 2 x = 2 x.

Answer: u(x, y) = 2y xy.

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