CATHOLIC REFRESHER

Opening Prayer
Come, Holy Spirit Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of the faithful and enkindle in them the fire of Your love. V. Send forth Your Spirit and they shall be created. R. And You shall renew the face of the earth. Let us pray. O God, by the light of the Holy Spirit, You have taught the hearts of Your faithful. In the same Spirit help us to know what is truly right and always to rejoice in Your consolation. We ask this through Christ, our Lord. Amen.

First Joyful Mystery The Annunciation
The First Sorrowful Mystery—The Agony in the Garden And they came to a farm called Gethsemani. And he saith to his disciples: Sit you here, while I pray. And he taketh Peter and James and John with him; and he began to fear and to be heavy. And he saith to them: My soul is sorrowful even unto death; stay you here, and watch. And when he was gone forward a little, he fell flat on the ground; and he prayed, that if it might be, the hour might pass from him. And he saith: Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee: remove this chalice from me; but not what I will, but what thou wilt. Mark 14:32-36

Most Holy Eucharist and The Mass

The Eucharist
“…the source and summit of the Christian life…” - Lumen Gentium, #11

Contract vs. Covenant
A contract entails the exchange of materials or goods. The terms are negotiable. Contracts entail promises made. Contracts are usually based on profit. Contracts are limited in scope. Contracts are legalistic. A covenant entails the exchange of persons - I am yours and you are mine. The terms are not negotiable - they are set by God. Covenants entail oaths sworn. Covenants are based on love. Covenants affect all areas of life. Covenants are relational and intimate. In the new covenant, God gives Himself to us in the Eucharist and through His Church. And we also give ourselves back to God.

Eucharistic Roots in the Passover
Passover described in Ex. 12. Must sacrifice an unblemished, male lamb. They must sprinkle its blood and eat it. Through the blood of the lamb, the Israelites were saved and led out of bondage. Once in the desert, God gave the Jews water from the rock and manna from heaven to save their mortal lives. The Jews celebrate the Passover liturgy to recall the Exodus and to remember that they live by the bread of the Word of God. (CCC #1334)

Jesus, Our Passover Lamb
Multiplication of Loaves (Jn. 6:1-15) took place during Passover. Jesus Passion and Crucifixion take place during Passover. (Luke 22:15) “I shall not drink again of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom comes.” (Luke 22:18) “In order that the scripture might be fulfilled, Jesus said, ‘I thirst.’” (Jn. 19:28) “For our paschal Lamb, Christ, has been sacrificed. Therefore, let us keep the feast!” (I Cor. 5:8)

Calvary Made Present
“When the Church celebrates the Eucharist, she commemorates Christ’s Passover, and it is made present: the sacrifice Christ offered once for all on the cross remains ever present. As often as the sacrifice of the Cross … is celebrated on the altar, the work of our redemption is carried out.” (CCC #1364) “The sacrifice of Christ and the sacrifice of the Eucharist are one single sacrifice. The victim is one and the same: the same now offers through the ministry of priests, who then offered himself on the cross.” (CCC #1367)

The Holy Mass
Re-presentation of Jesus' passion, death and resurrection in an unbloody manner

We join Mary at the foot of the Cross.

Proper Disposition
What did it cost Jesus to give us the Mass? His life! It must cost us our lives, too! I am crucified with Christ. (Gal. 2:19) At Mass, we sit at the foot of the cross with the beloved apostle and Mary.

Gestures and Postures
Catholic worship is very physical. Not only do we worship with our hearts and minds, but we also worship through the actions of our bodies, in the words we speak and the way we move during the Mass. Our worship as faithful people is supposed to be unified, as though together we formed one Body. So it’s important for us to be mindful of the ways in which the Church asks us to pray together.

Parts of the Holy Mass
Introductory Rites Liturgy of the Word Liturgy of the Eucharist Concluding Rite

Introductory Rites

The Entrance / Opening Hymn The Greeting The Act of Penance

Introductory Rites

The Kyrie Eleison The Gloria The Collect

The Liturgy of the Word

Silence The Biblical Readings The Responsorial Psalm

The Liturgy of the Word

The Gospel The Homily The Profession of Faith The Prayer of the Faithful

Liturgy of the Eucharist
The Preparation of the Gifts The Prayer over the Offerings Eucharistic Prayer

Liturgy of the Eucharist
The Lord's Prayer The Rite of Peace The Fraction Communion Silence

Concluding Rites

Brief Announcements Priest's Greeting and Blessing At Times Prayer over the People Dismissal Venerate Altar Recessional

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