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Review for AP Physics B Exam

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The block slides down the ramp and is moving with a speed 3.5vo when it collides with a larger block of mass 1.5M at rest at the bottom of the incline. The larger block moves to the right at a speed 2 vo immediately after the collision. Express your answers to the following questions in terms of the given quantities and fundamental constants.

(a) Determine the height h of the ramp from which the small block was released. (b) Determine the speed of the small block after the collision. (c) The larger block slides a distance D before coming to rest. Determine the value of the coefficient of kinetic friction between the larger block and the surface on which it slides. (d) Indicate whether the collision between the two blocks is elastic or inelastic. Justify your answer.

2. A bullet of mass m is moving horizontally with speed vo when it hits a block of mass 100m that is at rest on a horizontal frictionless table, as shown above. The surface of the table is a height h above the floor. After the impact, the bullet and the block slide off the table and hit the floor a distance x from the edge of the table. Derive expressions for the following quantities in terms of m, h, vo, and appropriate constants: a. the speed of the block as it leaves the table

b. the change in kinetic energy of the bullet-block system during impact c. the distance x

Suppose that the bullet passes through the block instead of remaining in it. d. State whether the time required for the block to reach the floor from the edge of the table would now be greater, less, or the same. Justify your answer. e. State whether the distance x for the block would now be greater, less, or the same. Justify your answer.

h = 6.125 vo2 / g

b) Apply momentum conservation pbefore = pafter mavai = mavaf + mbvbf (M)(3.5vo) = (M)vaf + (1.5M)(2vo) vaf = vo

d) Compare the kinetic energies before and after Before After there

2. a) Apply momentum conservation perfect inelastic. m1vo = (101m)vf vf = vo / 101 pbefore = pafter

v 0 2h 101 g

d) The velocity of the block would be different but the change in the x velocity has no impact on the time in the y direction due to independence of motion. viy is still zero so it is unchanged.

e) In the initial problem, all of the bullets momentum was transferred to the block. In the new scenario, there is less momentum transferred to the block so the block will be going slower. Based on D = vxt with the same time as before but smaller velocity the distance x will be smaller.

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