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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

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PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions

CONTENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECKING THE FILLING GAS PRESSURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REMOVING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FROM THE ROCK DRILL . DISMANTLING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECKING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FILLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.1. Filling device of pressure accumulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2. Filling instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3. Filling pressures of accumulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3.1. Low pressure accumulator (LP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3.2. High pressure accumulator (HP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3.3. Pressure of stabilizer accumulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MOUNTING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR ON THE ROCK DRILL . . . . 2 3 3 4 4 5 7 7 8 9 9 9 10 11

8.

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


1. GENERAL

As in all hydraulic machinery so also in hydraulic drill rigs cleanness is the most important consideration if trouble--free operation is to be ensured. We therefore recommend that all maintenance work of the accumulators is done in a clean and dustless room. The condition of pressure accumulator should be checked always when the accumulator is dismantled and when the rock drill is overhauled. The rock drill special tool set includes all the tools needed in maintenance and checking the accumulators. Experiences have shown that the first (originally fitted) accumulator diaphragm does not reach the normal service life, particularly if the time interval between the pressurization and taking into use is long. For this reason the accumulators supplied as spares are unpressurized. There is a note of this on the accumulator. The accumulator bottom and cover should always be kept as a pair. Tamrock supplies covers and bottoms only as a pair; other parts such as diaphragms and filling valves can be obtained separately.

Only qualified service personnel may service the pressure accumulators. The following instructions must be strictly observed; failure to do so may cause a danger of accident.
WARNING

Before removing the accumulator from the rock drill, discharge the accumulator pressure by opening the filling valve.
WARNING

Repair of a pressure accumulator by welding or by other means is strictly forbidden.


WARNING

While using the gauge, the pressure relief hole must always be pointed to the opposite direction from any persons close by to avoid personal injures in case the sudden pressure discharge.
WARNING

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

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PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


2. CHECKING THE FILLING GAS PRESSURE

Check the accumulator filling gas pressure once a week. The rock drill special tool set includes two pressure gauges for this purpose: one gauge with the scale 0...100 bar for the high pressure accumulator, and the other with the scale 0...10 bar for the low pressure accumulator.

a 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Remove the cap (a). Screw the pressure gauge to the filling valve. Undo the lock nut (b). Wait until the needle of the gauge stops and then read the gauge indication. Close the lock nut (b). Unscrew the gauge from the filling valve and fit the cap (a) in place.

3.

REMOVING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FROM THE ROCK DRILL

Pressure accumulator can be changed without demounting the rock drill from the feed. If you for some reason cannot immediately install a new accumulator, must the open oil channels be covered thoroughly with eg. plastic plugs. 1. Discharge the accumulator pressure by opening the filling valve! 2. Undo the accumulator bolts (wrench size 24 mm). Do not start the hydraulic power pack if an accumulator is not in place in the rock drill.
WARNING

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


4. DISMANTLING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR
Before dismantling the accumulator, be sure it has no pressure.

WARNING

1. Fasten the assembly stand (1) in the vice, and place the accumulator in the stand with the bottom upwards. 2. The same number appears both on the accumulators cover as well as on the bottom. The cover and the bottom must remain paired. 3. Make sure that the filling valve is open! 4. Open the accumulator bottom with the opener (2).

5.

CHECKING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR


1. Check the accumulator visually for wear, damage, corrosion, etc. 2. Clean and check the threads carefully.

If the threads are badly corroded or worn, the accumulator must be scrapped!
WARNING

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

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PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


6. ASSEMBLY

a b b
40 Nm secure with glue

10 Nm

20 Nm

1. Fit a new or inspected diaphragm in the cover. Make sure that the diaphragm is in the groove and fitted the right way down. 2. Lubricate the surface (a) with vaseline or lanolin.

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


Check that the number on the cover and the bottom is the same.

WARNING

The high pressure accumulator is marked with uneven numbers and the low pressure accumulator with even numbers. HP LP

3. Lubricate the threads of the bottom with vaseline or lanolin. 4. Screw the bottom all the way in and tighten it with the special tool to a torque of 150 Nm. D When the pressure accumulator diaphragm is changed, the O--rings (b) should also be changed.

Check the wear limit marks of the threads always after tightening (150 Nm) of the bottom. If the mark (I) in the bottom remains after the tightening between the dot (S) and the mark (R) in the cover, the thread is in order. If the mark (I) in the bottom goes beyond the mark (R), are the threads of the accumulator cover and bottom too much worn. Replace the accumulator and discard the old one. A worn-out or damaged pressure accumulator must be discarded immediately.
WARNING

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

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PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


7. FILLING
The only allowable filling gas is nitrogen (N2).
WARNING

Do not fill an unchecked or a too worn accumulator.

WARNING

You can refill the accumulator while mounted to the rock drill.

7.1. Pressure accumulator filling device


12 9 8 7 6 5 3 2

N2
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

11

10

13,14 15

Accumulator body Filling valve Locking nut Cap Quick coupling stem Quick coupling sleeve Hose Accumulator pressure gauge Gas bottle pressure gauge Pressure reducing valve Pressure regulating valve Shut--off valve Adapter Seal Elbow adapter
E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant
P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions

7.2. Filling instruction


1. Remove the cap (4). 2. Screw the elbow adapter (15) to the filling valve (2). 3. Push the quick coupling sleeve (6) onto the stem (5). 4. Undo the locking nut (3). 5. Turn the pressure regulating valve (11) open. 6. Open the nitrogen bottle valve (12). The gauge (9) indicates the pressure in the bottle. 7. Adjust the pressure in the low pressure accumulator to 5 -- 10 bar by turning the regulating valve (11). Gauge (8) indicates the pressure in the accumulator. 8. Adjust the pressure in the H.P. accumulator with the pressure control valve (11), according to the instructions. Gauge (8) indicates the pressure in the accumulator. Max. pressure is marked on the accumulator. 9. Adjust the pressure of the stabilizer accumulator with the pressure control valve, according to the instructions. Gauge (8) indicates the pressure in the accumulator. 10. Close the filling valve (2) by turning the locking nut (3). 11. Close the nitrogen bottle valve (12). 12. Turn the pressure regulating valve (11) open. 13. Disconnect the quick couplings (5) and (6). 14. Release the elbow adapter (15) from the filling valve (2). 15. Mount the checking gauge (0--10 bar) in to the low pressure accumulator filling valve (2) and by opening the locking nut (3) let the pressure flow out until the gauge shows 3 - 5 bar. 16. Tighten the locking nut (3) to 20 Nm. 17. Refit the cap (4). 18. Assure the tightness of the accumulator by immersing it in water. Dry the accumulator carefully for example with compressed air. 19. If the accumulator is not taken into use directly, release the pressure and store it in a dry place protected from dirt.

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

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PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


7.3. Filling pressures of accumulators
7.3.1. Low pressure accumulator (LP)

Low pressure accumulator damps hydraulic vibrations in the return line. It also prevents cavitation in return lines and channels. To get the optimum result of LP--accumulator, gas pressure should be half of the return line pressure. Normally it is from 3 to 5 bars. 7.3.2. High pressure accumulator (HP)

The main function of high pressure accumulator is to store pressurised oil during the return stroke of the piston. This stored pressure can be utilized during the next piston stroke. Another vital function is to dampen vibrations. HP--accumulator gas pressure should be related to the set max. percussion pressure according to graph below.

Stem- type diaphragm


100 90 80

Filling pressure

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 100 120 140 160 180 200 220

Upper limit Lower limit

Percussion pressure

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions

Normal (stemless) diaphragm


100 90 80

Filling pressure

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

100

120

140

160

180

200

220

Upper limit Lower limit

Percussion pressure

7.3.3.

Pressure of stabilizer accumulator HLX5 T . . . . . . . . . . HFX5 T . . . . . . . . . . HLX5 LT . . . . . . . . HL 800 T . . . . . . . . . HL 1500 . . . . . . . . . HL 1560 T . . . . . . . 8 bar 8 bar 30 bar 30 bar 50 bar 40 bar

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

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PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions


8.
D

MOUNTING THE PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR ON THE ROCK DRILL


See Hydraulic rock drill, repair instructions.

1. Before mounting the accumulator on the rock drill, remove the cover plugs from the accumulator connection port, and clean the joint surfaces both in the accumulator and in the rock drill. 2. Check that the bolts move easily in their threads in the drill body. Lubricate the threads of the bolts. 3. Fit the O--ring and the gasket. 4. Tighten the pressure accumulator bolts in two phases: pretightening 100 Nm, final tightening 200 Nm.

Tightening of the four--bolt accumulator

The four-bolt accumulator must be tighten by using a cross- tightening method 1-3-2-4.
CAUTION

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120

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D 28160- 8 en 0905 / PIR

PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR FOR HYDRAULIC ROCK DRILL Repair instructions

Notes:

E 2005 SANDVIK TAMROCK CORP., Tampere Plant


P.O.Box 100 FIN-33311 TAMPERE, Finland Tel. +358 205 44 121 Telefax +358 205 44 120