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foúhd fufkys lsÍu- isla¾

ye|skaùula
bia,dï O¾uh wkQl+,j foaj úYajdih hkq ukqIHhkaf.a uq¿ Ôú;hu md,kh lrkafkah. fuf,dj
uejqïldrhd md,lhd fmdaIlhdhka ukqIH Ôú;h tla mq¿,a wruqKla we;sj ujk ,o, ukqIHhkaf.a ls%shdjkag
úksYaph flfrkd, ta wkqj iaÒrj we;s jk m%;sM,h fokakdo hkqfjkaa uqia,sï jrfhlaa foúhd úYajdih lrk ,oS.
fuu úYajdih Tyqf.a l%shdjkaf.aa úYd, n,mEula we;s lrkafkah. fuu úYajidfha uQ,O¾ufhka Tyqf.a pß;h
ms<sfj<la lr.; hq;=hs hkqfjka n,dfmdfrd;a;= fõ.
fï wkqj ;ukaf.a Ôú;h yev.eiaùu b;d Wiia;u bia,dóh Ôú;hhs. thg fuu úYajdih is;a;=, iaÒrj ;sìh
hq;=hs. iEu fõ,djloSu uqia,sï flfklaa foúhd fufkys lsÍula fia Ôj;a ùug W;aiy l< hq;=hs.

uqyïuoa kì ^i,a& wff, ;=udKka fufi mjikafkah


’Tn w,a,dya ;wd,d n,d isákd fia Tyqj kuoskq
Tn Tyqj fkdols;;a Tyq Tnj olskafkah¶
hkqfjka mejiqfõh
.%ka:h· iySya uqiaq,sï
jd¾;dj · Wu¾ ^r,s& wkayq ;=ud

fuhfldrfhka foúhka fufkys lsÍu is;a ;=, m;s; lsÍu isla¾ hkqfjka w,a l=¾wdka iy yoSia yªkajkq ,efí. th
i;H bia,dóh Ôú;hg uQ,sl mokula f,ia w,al=¾wdka o iqkakdya o th ms<sn| ks;ru wksjd¾Hfhka mjik ,oS.
iuyr WodyrKhka my; oelafõ

’úYajdih lrk whjÆkS fnfyúka w,a,dya fufkys lrjQ Wohe ijie Tyq iqúY=oaO lrjq¶
^iQrd wyaidí·41-42&

’Tjqka ke.sg isáñkao ys|sñkao Tjqkf.a wef<ka ys|| Tjqyq w,a,dyq isyslrkafkdah¶
^iQrd wd, bïrdka·190&

uqyïuoa kì ^i,a& wf,, ;=udKka fufia mejiqfõh

’;ukaf.a foúhd fufkys lrkakd iy fufkysfkdlrkakd Ôjh we;a;ka iy urKhg


m;ajqjkag iudk fõ¶

jd¾;dj· wnQ uQid w,a wIawß ^r,s&


.%ka:h· iySya w,a nqydß

foaj ksfhda.hkaf.a kS;Ska ms<smeoSfuka foúhd fufkys lsÍu myiq flf¾. iEu fõ,djloSu foaj u;lhla we;sj
isákd mqoa.,hdg Tyqf.a kS;Ska ms<smeoSug myiq f,i olskd nj uqyïuoa kì ^i,a& wff, ;=udKka wksjd¾H lrk
,os.
’mqoa.,fhla uqyïuoa kí ^i,a& wff, ;=udKka fj; meñKS foaj ÿ;jrhdKks bia,dufha kS;Ska uu wêl f,i
okafkñ. th os.gu ms<smeoSug ud¾.hla lshd fokakg fuka b,aÆï lf<ah. túg foajÿ;jrhdKka fufia mejiqfõh

’Tnf.a osj os.gu w,a,dya ;wd,d fufkys lsÍfuka f;;aj ;nd .kq¶
jd¾:dj· wíÿ,a,dya bíkq nqia¾ ^r,s& ;=udKka
.%ka:h· iqkka ;s¾ños
isla¾yS j¾.hka
1 isla¾ l,aì
is;ska fufkys lsÍu tkï is;ska isys lsÍu iaÓr lr .ekSu

2 isla¾ ,sidks·
hkq osúka w,a=,dya ;wd,d fufkys lsÍuhs.
tkï w,a,dya ;wd,d fufkys flfrkd jdlHhka osúka WÉpdrKh lsÍu ks;HjYfhkau fuh foúhd fufkys
lsÍug ud¾.hla f,i ie,fla. is;saka foúhd fufkys fkdlr osúka muKla foúhd fufkys lsÍfuka Wmßu M,hla
,nd fkdfoaa. tkuqÿ budï bîkq ;hañhahd ^rya& jeks wh mjik wkaoug lsisfohla fkdue;sj ñi wkjYH l:dniayS
iyN.s ùu yer isla¾yS fhoSu W;=ï fõ.
isla¾ l,aì - isf;ys foaj u;lh i|yka flf¾ fufia my; w,al=¾wdkfha mjik iuyr jdlHhka

’i,d;h ksujqjdhska miq N+ñfhys úisr f.dia w,a,dyaf.a jrm%idofhka b<shjq Tn


ch.%ylhka jkq msKsi fnfyúka w,a,dya isyslrjq¶ ^iQrd w,a cqïwd·10&

cqïwd i,d;h i|yd ;udf.a /lshdjka k;r lr tk ,o uqia,sïjreka keuÿu wjika jQ ú.i Okh bmehSfï ksr;
jkq túg foaj u;lh wêlj ;sfnk nj w,a,dya ;wd,d úiska fuf,i ;yjqre lrkq ,efí.

’úYajdi lrk whjÆkS Tnf.a jia;+o Tnf.a orefjdao w,a,dya isysm;a lsÍfuka Tn
fkdj,lajd tfia lrk whuhs kgqfjda¶ ^iQrd uqkd*sl+ka · 9&
uqqúka m%ldY fkdl<;a is;ska wêlj foúhd fufkys lr Ôj;a ùu i;H bia,dóh Ôú;fha ch.%yKh hkqfjka
w,al=¾wdkh ;yjqre lrk ,os.
fuhdldrfhka iudc jYfhka isák wjia:djkayS muKla fkdj ;ksfhka isákd wjia:djkaySo foaj ìhNhla;sa
we;=j uqia,sï flfkl=g Ôj;a úh yel. thdldrfhka ukQIHhka fkdolskd w;r foaj ìh N;alsh we;=j isàkakg
mõiudjo wêl l=i,a ,nd fok ud¾.hla hhs w,al=¾wdkh meyeos,s flf¾.

’we;af;kau Tjqkaf.a ysñ fkdols;au ìhjk Tjqkghe CIudjka uy;a jQ hy M, úmdl;a¶


^iQrd uq,ala · 12&

isf;ys foúhd isys fkdlrk Ôú;h i;H bia,dóh Ôú;hla fkdjkafkah. th uq,djk uÕla hkqfjka
w,al=¾wdkh meyeos,s flf¾ wNHhka;rj hula is;d Ndysr ;j;a fohla l:d lrkd l=ylhka ms<sn| my;
w,al=¾wdka jlH fufia mejfia
’Tjqka w,a,dya ;wd,d iaj,am jYfhkau isysm;a lrkafkdah ¶
^iQrd ksid ·142&
Okhka tla/ialsÍuo orejka yod jvd.ekSfï muKla ksr; ù w,a,dya ;wd,d isyslsÍu yer ÿria jkakka uyd
mdvq ú|skakka hkqfjka óg fmr i|yka jQ uqkd*sl=ka hk mßfþaofha 9 jeks jdlHfhys wjidk fldgi my;
oelafõ.

’úYajdi lrk whj¨kS Tnf.a ji+a;+o Tnf.a orefjdao w,a,dya isysm;a lsÍfuka Tn
fkdj,lajd tfia lrk whuhs kgqfjda¶ ^iQrd uqkd*sl+ka· 9&

foúhd fufkys lsÍu u; Ôú;h yev.iajd .kakka Ôú;fha iekiqula ,nd .kafkah. ÿla lrorhkag uqyqK
fok wjia:djkayS l,n,ldß ;Fjhlg m;a jkafka ke;. wk;=rej,g uqyqK fok wjia:djkaySoSo l,n, jkafkao
ke;. ;uka w,a,dya ;wd,d iuÕ isákafkuq hkqfjka is;ska fndfyda ikaiqkaNdjh iuÕ Tjqka Ôj;a jkafkah.
ks;H jYfhkau fujeks ksyË;djhka ,nd .ekSfuka Ôú;fha wdiajdoh m%S;sh ,eîu uQ,O¾uh fõ th foaj u;lhg
uÕ fmkjhs.w,al=¾wdkh fufia mjihs.

’úYajdi lrk whj¿ka w,a,dya isysm;a lsÍfuka Tjqkaf.a is;a mskdhkakdjQo wh oek.kq
w,a,dya .ek isyslsÍfukah is;a mskdhkafka ¶

fuu miqìu u; isla¾- foúhd isyslsÍu foaj úYajdi uQ,O¾ufha m%;sM,hla fõ. foúhd úYajdi l< uqia,sï
flfkla foúhd isys fkdlr Ôj;a úh fkeyel. tfia Ôj;a fkdhq;=hs. iq¿ jYfhka foúhd u;la lsÍu l=ylhkaf.a
.=KdxÕhla fõ. tuksid úYajdi l< miq iïmQ¾Kfhkau tu Ôú;h úYajdi lrk ,o w,a,dya ;wd,d fufkys
lrkafkl= f,i Ôj;a ùug uqia,sï flfkl= Tyqj mqyqKq lr .ekSu w;HjYH fõ. tjeks mqyqKqjka bia,dï u.
fmkaùïg úúOdldr ud¾fhka ,nd oS we;. th fuu l=vd fmd;a msxpfha j¾.hka 7 la i|yka fõ.

1 je֕ ms֕

2 w,al=¾wdkh mdrdhKh lsÍu

3 ksYaÑ; wjia:djkag wkqj mdrdhKh lrk ,o


m%d¾:kdjka

4 fmdÿfõ iEu fõ,djloSu mdrdhKd lrk osla¾

5 mdfmdaÉpdrKh

6 kì ;=udKkaf.a kdufhka i,jd;a lSu

7 m%d¾:kdjka