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PoetryTerms

LessonTwoREVIEW Poetry Imagery Figurativevs.LiteralLanguage Moodvs.Tone Meter/Rhythm Rhyme Stanza(Couplets/Tercets/Quatrains) Acrostic Limerick

PoetryTerms
Lesson Two

Poetry
How is a poem made? Poets first establish a theme & a purpose Then s/he uses imagery, tone & mood. Poetry makes use of figurative language to help the reader see & feel what the writer does.

Theme
Definition:
the initial or primary idea throughout the story, poem, song, etc. the theme is the point a writer is trying to make about a subject. the theme of the poem tells what the whole poem is about.

Theme
Now,itistimetocreateapoem. First,youneedtoestablishathemeofwhatyouwill writeABOUT Pickacardanycard!

Theme
Onceyouhavechosenyourtopicyouwillneedtobrainstorm yourideas. Youwillneedtocreateanideawebto"capture"yourthoughts. Onyourpapercreatethefollowingdiagram

#1 Theme

Purpose
Onceyouhaveselectedathemeandbrainstormed ideas,youneedtohaveapurpose. Definition:Whatdoyouwantotherpeopleto knowaboutthistopicandwhy?Purpose
Generally,peoplewriteforthreereasons topersuade toentertain toinform.

Purpose
Forexample,yourthemeisdogs. Areyoutryingtopersuadesomeonetolovedogsasmuchasyou do? Areyouentertainingthereaderaboutaspecialdoginyourlifeand thefunnywayhelooksandthecrazythingshedoes? Areyoudescribingdogsingeneral? Howyoupresentyourcentralideawilldefineandclarifyyour purpose.

#2 Purpose
Onceyouhave selectedatheme, brainstormedideas, anddecideduponyourpurpose youneedtoconsideryour tone&mood.

Purpose
Onceyouhaveselectedatheme,brainstormedideas, andhaveyourpurposeyouneedtofigureoutsome otherthings Howdoyoufeelaboutit?Tone Howdoyouwantthemtofeelaboutit?Mood

Tone
Definition:
The implied attitude of a writer (or speaker) toward the subject and characters of a work. Do you like your topic, hate it, could care less, think it is the best thing ever, find it beautiful or ugly, what is going on in that brain of yours?

Mood
Definition:
the dominant feeling or atmosphere of a work. Dark, light, happy, sad, are simple moods.

Point of View
Definition:
the perspective from which a story/poem is told

Examples:
st Person 1 rd Person 3

Form
Justlikethebodyhasaskeletontoholditsshape,poemshavea structurethatholdtheirideastogether. Inpoetry,that"skeleton"iscalledform. Severaldifferenttypes,orformsofpoetry,includeHaiku,Rhymed Verse,Couplet,Quatrain,Limerick,andFreeVerse. Somepointstoconsiderwhenchoosinga"skeleton"foryourpoem are,ofcourse,itstheme,purpose,andmoodbutalsothinkaboutifyou wantyourpoemtobecompactorlengthy,rhymedorunrhymed, meteredorunmetered.

Form
Severaldifferenttypes,orformsofpoetry,include RhymedVerse
stanzaswithendrhyme&duplicaterhythm

Couplet
2linestanzawithrhymedverse

Quatrain
4linestanzawithrhymedverse

Limerick
5line(cinquain)stanzabrokenintoatripletandacouplet

Haiku
tripletor3linestanzanoendrhymeorrhythm

FreeVerse

Free Verse
Definition:
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.

Free Verse
Free verse is just what it says it is - poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. In free verse the writer makes his/her own rules. The writer decides how the poem should look, feel, and sound. Free verse can be a great way to "get things off your chest" and express what you really feel.

Figurative Language
Definition:
A form of language in which writers or speakers mean something other than the literal meaning of their words. (E.g. hyperbole, metaphor, and simile)

Personification
Definition:
giving human qualities to a non-human thing or idea. Ex. The angry sky...

Personification
Examples:
"The ancient car groaned into third gear." "The cloud scattered rain throughout the city." "The tropical storm slept for two days."

Personification
Personification Examples What object is being personified and HOW? 1. The wind sang her mournful song through the falling leaves. 2. The microwave timer told me it was time to get my TV dinner. 3. The video camera observed the whole scene. 4. The strawberries seemed to sing, "Eat me first!" 5. The rain kissed my cheeks as it fell. 6. The daffodils nodded their yellow heads at the walkers. 7. The water beckoned invitingly to the hot swimmers. 8. The snow whispered as it fell to the ground during the early morning hours. 9. The china danced on the shelves during the earthquake. 10. The car engine coughed and sputtered when it started during the blizzard.

#8 Personification
Furniture Bash by Shel Silverstein The hand of the clock pinched the foot of the bed, The foot of the bed Kicked the seat of the chair, So the seat of the chair Sat on the head of the table, So the head of the table Bit the leg of the desk, So the leg of the desk Bumped the arm of the couch, So the arm of the couch Slapped the face of the clock. And the pinched and they punched And they banged and they knocked, And they ripped and they flipped, And they rolled and they rocked, And the poor dresser drawer Got a couple of socks. There was sawdust and springs When I turned on the light After that horrible furniture fight. And thats the truth, no lie-no joke. Thats how all your furniture got broke.

Personification
Your assignment:
Create a free verse personification poem using YOUR topic!
Choose a mood (Happy, sad, or angry) Choose a purpose (inform, persuade, entertain) Write 2 cinquain stanzas thats 10 lines (it can be more) Your rough draft needs to list your topic, mood, & purpose (this time it will be handed in with your final)

On your final draft (all on the front of 1 page)


Write your poem neatly on a piece of computer paper Include a by-line and title Include a colored illustration of your personified topic!