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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary and Advanced Level

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MARK SCHEME for the June 2005 question paper

9702 PHYSICS
9702/06 Paper 6, maximum mark 40

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the requirements of the examination. This shows the basis on which Examiners were initially instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began. Any substantial changes to the mark scheme that arose from these discussions will be recorded in the published Report on the Examination. All Examiners are instructed that alternative correct answers and unexpected approaches in candidates’ scripts must be given marks that fairly reflect the relevant knowledge and skills demonstrated. Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the Report on the Examination.

CIE will not enter into discussion or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes.

CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the June 2005 question papers for most IGCSE and GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level syllabuses.

the C threshold is set 8 marks below the B threshold and the D threshold is set another 8 marks down. then the threshold is normally rounded down. For example.Grade thresholds for Syllabus 9702 (Physics) in the June 2005 examination. maximum mark available Component 6 40 minimum mark required for grade: A 26 B 23 E 14 The thresholds (minimum marks) for Grades C and D are normally set by dividing the mark range between the B and the E thresholds into three. . If dividing the interval by three results in a fraction of a mark. if the difference between the B and the E threshold is 24 marks.

June 2005 GCE A AND AS LEVEL MARK SCHEME MAXIMUM MARK: 40 SYLLABUS/COMPONENT: 9702/06 PHYSICS Paper 6 .

1 × 1016 × 106) = 1.6 × 1010 years (ii) fraction of time = (12600 × 106)/(1.4 × 104 × (28 + d) or 1030 × 6.4 × 104 × (28 + d) (ii) either 920 × 6.4 × 104 × d d = 234 m (ii) fraction = 234/(234 + 28) = 0.4 × 104 × (28 + d) = 1030 × 6.79 or 63/80 (iii) light left galaxy when Universe was much younger (so) ‘looking back’ in time limit set by how far light can travel during the lifetime of the Universe or galaxies at very large distances are moving very fast so Doppler shifted out of visible B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 M1 A1 C1 C1 B1 C1 A1 A1 B1 B1 M1 A1 [2] [1] [2] [1] [1] [1] (c) 2 (a) (b) (c) [4] 3 (a) [5] [1] [2] (b) Option F .The Physics of Fluids 4 (a) pressure difference (between upper and lower surfaces) allow ‘upthrust provided by displaced fluid’ (i) mass = density × volume = 920 × 6.Astrophysics and Cosmology 1 (a) (b) position: on a spiral arm.9 × 10-18 (s-1) age of Universe = 1/H0 (or clear substitution for H0 shown) = 5.2 × 1017 s = 1.6 × 1010) = 0. between ½ and ¾ distance from centre (i) allow 80 000 → 150 000 light-years (ii) allow 2 → 10 light-years allow 107 → 109 allow 108 → 1010 K position marked between 1012 s and 1013 s result of X-bosons (allow ‘bosons’) at (very) early stages of development of the Universe (X-) boson decays into quarks (slightly) more slowly than its antiparticle decays (i) H0 = (60 × 103)/(3.89 B1 [1] (b) C1 A1 A1 C1 A1 A1 [2] [1] (c) [2] [1] © University of Cambridge International Examinations 2005 .4 × 104 × d (i) 920 × 6.Page 1 Mark Scheme GCE A/AS LEVEL – JUNE 2005 Syllabus 9702 Paper 6 Option A .

volume flow rate takes into account whole flow (i) pressure (= ρgh) = 1. portability of equipment.g. and only one direction) (in any tube of flow) Av = constant when lines converge.Medical Physics 7 (a) large/uniform magnetic field applied (to patient) pulse of radio-frequency waves Causes H-atoms in patient to resonate or vibrate at Lamour frequency H-atoms give off radio-frequency waves RF detected and processed to give positions of H-atoms non-uniform magnetic field enables positions of resonating atoms to be defined [1 each. max 2] (i) energy deposited in body per unit mass of (body) tissue (ii) effects depend on density of deposition of energy/ionisation some radiations cause greater density of ionisation than others Radiation has long-term effects any other relevant point e. any five] e. time taken [any sensible suggestions. life shortening.1 × 10-2 = 890 Pa some explanation as to why this is the pressure difference (ii) 1. hereditary.8 × 9.0 × 103 × 9. 1 each.5) = 40 cm (i) long sight (hypermetropia) (ii) far point is at infinity normal nearpoint is distance 25 cm from eye 1/25 .9 × 10-3}4 × 890)/(8 × η × 13 × 10-2) η = 1.g.5 × 10-6 = (π × {0.18 × 10-3 N s m-2 (i) path taken by a particle of the fluid (ii) each particle can follow only one path (or in terms of tangent being direction of motion. cancer inducing (i) convex/converging (ii) focal length (= 100/2.g. cost. A becomes smaller (so) v must increase B1 B1 B1 B1 M1 A0 B1 C1 A1 B1 B1 M1 A1 B1 [2] [2] (b) (c) [2] [2] [1] [1] 6 (a) (b) [3] Option M .1/v = 1/40 v = 67 cm nearpoint is 67 cm in front of the eye (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) B5 B2 M1 A1 B1 B1 M1 A1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 C1 A1 [5] [2] [2] [2] [2] [1] [1] [1] (b) 8 (a) (b) 9 (a) (b) [4] © University of Cambridge International Examinations 2005 .Page 2 Mark Scheme GCE A/AS LEVEL – JUNE 2005 Syllabus 9702 Paper 6 5 (a) fluid in which there is internal friction either resisting motion of an object through the fluid or resisting movement between layers of fluid there is no single value for the speed in the pipe (do not allow unqualified ‘constant’) any other comment e.

g.g.9 × 10-16) = 136 dB length = 136/1.Telecommunications 13 (a) signal sampled at regular intervals signal voltage converted to a digital number transmitted as a series of groups of pulses pulses could be IR pulses in optic fibre (allow any sensible example) any other relevant physics (e.0 × 10-3)/(1. max 2] (i) loss of energy/power (in the signal) (ii) unwanted (random) signal (i) power/dB = 10 lg(P1/P2) 25 = 10 lg (P/(6. sample at twice max frequency.Page 3 Mark Scheme GCE A/AS LEVEL – JUNE 2005 Syllabus 9702 Paper 6 Option P . max 4] power CLOSED CLOSED EXHAUST closed open B4 M1 A1 M1 A1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 [3] [4] [2] [2] [2] [2] B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 [3] [2] (b) 11 (a) (b) (i) power is delivered (by a cylinder) on every stroke (so) smoother power output/torque (ii) improved flow of gases (in and out of cylinder) increases efficiency of engine (i) any agent/substance/waste that is detrimental to health or the environment (ii) 1 man-made: e.7 = 80 km signal amplifier/re-shaper at intervals along the fibre B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 [5] (b) B2 B1 B1 C1 M1 A0 C1 C1 A1 B1 [2] [1] [1] 14 (a) (b) [2] [3] [1] (c) © University of Cambridge International Examinations 2005 .0 × 10-19) P = 1. can be regenerated to remove noise data can be added to check for/correct errors [anything sensible. weather patterns 12 (a) (b) Option T . reference to biodiversity. volcanic emissions (anything sensible) carbon dioxide absorbed (by plants) with release of oxygen (transpiration) replaces water vapour (in atmosphere) either increasing CO2 levels would cause temperature changes or anything sensible e. exhaust gases from cars (anything sensible) 2 natural: e.g.g.9 × 10-16 W (ii) allowable loss = 10 lg(7.g.Environmental Physics 10 (a) resources: total energy available/stored in Earth reserves: total energy that can be extracted (economically) reserves less than resources because some fossil fuels not recoverable/too expensive formation takes place over millions/thousands of years fossil fuels will be exhausted in much less time than this induction compression open CLOSED CLOSED CLOSED [each column 1 mark. 1 each. use parallel to series converter) e.

1 each] (ii) for satellite.24 s for fibre.06 s → 0.Page 4 Mark Scheme GCE A/AS LEVEL – JUNE 2005 Syllabus 9702 Paper 6 (d) (i) remains at one point above the Earth orbits Earth above the Equator period of orbit is 24 hours rotates from west to east [any two.09 s advantage: less built-in delay for conversation (1) (1) (1) (1) B2 B1 B1 B1 [2] [3] © University of Cambridge International Examinations 2005 .6 × 104 km) = 0. time to travel 18000 km = 0. time to travel (2 × 3.

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