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TAMIL for Medicos

Department of Medical Education
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry-605006

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TAMIL for Medicos

Department of Medical Education
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry-605006

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Chief-Contributor
Smt. Kalpana Sampath, Nursing Sister, JIPMER

Editorial Board
Dr. Santosh Kumar, Professor & Head of Medical Education, JIPMER Dr. R.P. Swaminathan, Professor of Medicine, JIPMER Dr. Soundaraghavan S, Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology, JIPMER Dr. Mahadevan S, Professor of Pediatrics, JIPMER Dr. Kadambari D, Professor of Surgery, JIPMER Dr. Sreejith Parameswaran, Assistant Professor of Nephrology, JIPMER Mr. Z. Zayapragassarazan, Asst. Prof. of Educational Technology, JIPMER

Acknowledgements
Mr. R. Renot Bathrick, Stenographer, JIPMER Mr. D. Dhanasekarin, DEO, JIPMER and Staff Members of Department of Medical Education

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We take this opportunity to thank Dr. Kalpana Sampath.S. JIPMER attracts students.” -William Osler True to its stature as an Institute of National Importance. We are sure this manual which was developed based on the experience of the actual stakeholders will prove to be a boon to students/residents/faculty of JIPMER and for all others joining JIPMER in days to come. We congratulate and thank Smt.Preface “Listen to the patient.jipmer@gmail. interest and empathetic attitude towards welfare of patients and medicos. Valuable suggestions. The manual provides English transliteration of commonly used Tamil words and phrases in doctor-patient interaction. The Tamil translation is provided with Tamil words spelled in English alphabets. Director. He is telling you the diagnosis. Nursing Sister. “Tamil for Medicos” for easy learning of Tamil by non-Tamil speakers. This felt need is utilized by the Department of Medical Education to bring out the second manual entitled. technicians and faculty from different states in India and Tamil is not the mother tongue for a good number of them.com. residents and faculty joining the institute has exponentially increased. Recognizing this fact the Department of Medical Education brought out the first manual entitled “Tamil for Clinical Students” in 2001. Effective communication is essential for any meaningful interaction between the patient and his family with the care givers and this is best achieved when both are speaking a common language. T. Ravikumar. errors in the manual and additions required for updating the manual is highly welcome which can be sent to nttc. JIPMER for his encouragement and support in bringing out this publication. who is the main contributor for this manual and for her involvement. Department of Medical Education 1 . irrespective of his/her mother tongue. residents. Due to the significantly expanding training and patient care services with addition of many new departments the number of non-Tamil speaking students. thus obviating the need for learning Tamil script and also making it useful for anyone who knows English. preferably the patients’ mother tongue. nurses. Nephrology ward.

No Man fully capable of his language ever masters another -Bernard Shaw 1 .

CHAPTER – I: COMMON WORDS English Tamil spoken word in english Thalai Kan(n) Kaadhu Mookku Vaai Naaku Pal Kan puruvam Uthadu Kai Maarbu Kazuthu Vayiru Thoppul Thodai Pada padappu Malam Visham English Tamil spoken words in english Kaal Mutti Paatham Kaalviral Kaiviral Nagam Pinpuram Iddupu Nerambu Manikattu Kanukaal Paarvai Keetpadhu Saappidaradhu Mookadaipu Raththam Chali Thookku Head Eye Ear Nose Mouth Tongue Tooth Eye brow Lip Hand Chest Neck Abdomen Umblicus Thigh Palpitation Stool Poison Leg Joint Foot Toe Fingers Nail Back side Hip Nerve Wrist Ankle Looking Hearing Eating Nasal block Blood Sputum Hang 1 .

Bone Chest pain Pain Ear pain Eye pain Head ache Abdominal pain Back pain Hand pain Leg pain Yelumbu Maar valee Valee Kaadhu valee Kan valee Thalai valee Vairu valee Muthugu valee Kai valee Kaal valee Muscle Seizures Giddiness Nausea Vomit Heart burn Sweat Urine Pus Hanging Thasai (or) sathai Vallipu (kaakaa vallipu) Mayakam Kumattal Vaanthi Nenju erichal Viyarvai Onnuku Cheezhu Thooku poduvathu Annan (or) thambi Athai (or) chithy Periya akkaa Thaathaa Akkaa(or) thangai Paatti RELATIONSHIP (Uravumuraigal) Mother Elder brother Uncle Younger sister Father Younger brother Morning After noon Amma Periya annan Mama (or) chithappaa Chinna thangai Appa Chinna thambi Brother Aunty Elder sister Grandpa Sister Grandma TIME (Neram (or) Mani) Kaalai Madhiyam 5 ‘o’ clock 6 ‘o’ clock 2 Ayinthu mani Aaru mani .

(naal) Orumani Erandu mani Moondru mani Nanku mani 7 ‘o’ clock Ezhu mani Night Early morning Month Year Day 1 ‘o’ clock 2 ‘o’ clock 3 ‘o’ clock 4 ‘o’ clock Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday 8 ‘o’ clock 9 ‘o’ clock 10 ‘o’ clock 11 ‘o’ clock 12 ‘o’ clock Quarter Half Full Ettu mani Onpadhu mani Paththu mani Pathinooru mani Pannirandu mani Kaal Arai Muzhusu DAYS (Naal) Thingal kizhamai Chevvaai kizhamai Pudhan kizhamai Viyazak kizhamai Friday Saturday Sunday Velli kizhamai Sani kizhamai Niyayitru kizhamai ANIMAL (Vilangugal) Dog Cat Tiger Lion Naai Poonai Puli Singam Hippopotamus Crocodile Tortoise Snake 3 Neeryanai Mudhalai Aamai Paambu .Evening Maalai (saayan kaalam) Iravu Vidiyar kaalai Maatham Varusham Pagal.

Deer Elephant Rat Bear Crow Peacock Rabbit Wolf Jackal Horse Camel Zebra Bringal Drumstick Bitter guard Tomato Potato Ladies finger Mango Jackfruit Banana Maan Yanai Ely Karadi Kaakaa Mayil Muyal Naree Oonai Kuthirai Ottakam Varikuthirai Centripde Scorpion Crab Ant Bee Cow Bull Goat Cock Hen Sparrow Pooraan Thel Nandu Yerumbu Theeni Pasumadu Yerudhu Aadu Seeval Pettai kozhi Chittukuruvi VEGETABLES (Kaaigal) Kathrikaai Murungakkaai Paavaikkaai Thakkaalee Orulai kizhangu Ventaikkaai Green leaves Bottle guard Pumpkin Coconut Mustard Keerai Suraikkaai Poosanikkaai Theenkaai Kadugu FRUITS (Pazhangal) Mampazham Palaapazham Vaazhai pazham Pineapple Apple Custard apple 4 Annaachi pazham Apple pazham Seethaa pazham .

Sweet lime Lime Guava Cashew nut Dates Saathukudi Yellumbichai Koiyakkaai Grapes Pomegranate Thiraatchai pazham Maadhulam pazham DRY FRUITS (Ularndha Pazhangal) Munthiri paruppu Peericham pazham Patchai Vellai Karuppu Manjal Vayasu Natchathiram Vaanam Idi Poo Neetru Nila Megam Paai Poorvai Almond Raisin/dry grapes Blue Orange Violet Red Sun Rain Tree Fruit Tomorrow Storm Vegetable Today Pillow Blanket 5 Badaam paruppu Thiratchai COLOUR (Niram) Green White Black Yellow Age Star Sky Thunder Flower Yesterday Moon Cloud Mat Bed sheet Neelam Kaaviniram Oothaniram Sivappu Sooriyan Mazhai Maram Pazham Naalai Puyal Kaay Indru Thalaiyanai Kambili MISCELLANEOUS (Mattravai) .

Blouse/Shirt Saree Skirt Cot Sattai Saylai Paavaadai Kattil Bag Water Salad Mattress Paai Thanneer Patchai kaaigal Methai EDIBLES (Unavu Poruttkal) Wheat Maida Rice Ragi (Corn) Maize Dhal sporuted dhal Jeera Maithy Pepper Red chilly Green chilly Groundnut Gingili oil Mustard oil Coconut oil Ghee Butter Kothumai Maida Aruse Kezhvaraghu Soolam Paruppu Mulai kattiya payaru Jeeragam Venthayam Black-Millagu Sivappu millagaai Patchai millagaai Nilakadalai Nallennai Kaduguennai Thengaiennai Nei Vennai 6 .

Cheese Honey Peas Black chenna White chenna Fish Beef Pork Betal leaves Tobacco Salt Sugar Bitter Sour Where What Who This That Whom How much How long But Paalladai katti Thean Pattani Karupukadalai (kondakadalai) Vellaikadalai Meen Maattu eraichi (mattukari) Panrikari Vetrilai Pogaiellai Uppu Sarkarai Kasappu Pullipu INTERROGATION (Kelvi kettal) Yengee Enna Yaar Ethu Athu Yarudaiyadhu Yavvalavu Yavvalu neelam Aanaal 7 .

INSTRUCTION (Uththaravugal) Come Go Sit Lay down Take side Sleep Walk Read Turn this side Turn that side Look up Look down Close eyes Show your tongue Open your mouth Deep breath Lift your hands Close your fist Fold your hands Lift your leg Fold your leg Exercise Get up & Walk Va/Vangal(with respect) Po/Pongal Ukkar Padu Thirumbi padu Thoongu Nada Padi Inthapakkam thirumpu Anthapakkam thirumpu Melee paar Kizhee paar Kannai moodu Nakkai neetu Vayai thira Periyamochu yedu Kai melae thooku Kaiyai iruki moodu Kaigalai madi Kaalai thooku Kaalai madi Payirchi Ezhenthu nada 8 .

Look & Walk Face swelling Leg swelling Hand swelling Blood Pressure (BP) Diabetes Cardiac problem Cancer Skin disease Dandruff Scabies Chickenpox Thyroid Fracture Anemia Jaundice Bleeding Accident Delivery Hiccough Cough Hematemesis Hemoptysis Paarthu nada Mugam weekam Kaal weekam Kai weekam Raththa kothipu Sarkarai viyathee Iruthaya viyathee Puttru noi Thol noi Podugu Chirangu Thattammai Kazhuthu kazhalai Ellumbu morivu Raththa soogai Manjal kaamaalai Raththa pookku Vibathu Prasavam Vikkal Irumbal Vaanthiyal raththam varuthal Irumbinaal raththam varuthal (or) Saliyel raththam varuthal 9 .

Giddiness Loose stool (Diarrhea) Dysentery Passed stool Passed urine Pirkly heat Abscess Drink Water Drink Juice Drink Milk Eat Rice Add Curd Drink Buttermilk Drink Tender Coconut Thalai suthuthal Beethee Vairu valliyudan velliku poovadhu (Sali + Raththam) Velliku potcha Onukku potcha Verkuru Katti Thanner kudi Pazhachaaru kudi Paal kudi Saatham saapidu Thayir seirthukol Mor kudi Ilaneer kudi CHAPTER – II: HISTORY TAKING General History Taking What is your name? What is your age? Please come How are you? What is your problem? Is there any pain? Unga peru enna? Unga vayasu enna? Vanga / Uttkarungal Yeppadi irrukeenga? Ippa enna kashtam ungaluku? Yethavathu vali irukkaa? 10 .

Are you having giddiness? Is there Nausea present? Did you vomit? How long are you having this problem? Is your urine output ok? Do you pass motion daily? Are you having good sleep? Any palpitation? Do you know your weight? Do you know your blood group? Mayakkama irukkaa? Kumattal varamaathiri irukkaa? Vaanthi vanthuchaa? Yevalavu naala intha kashtam ungalukku irukku? Onuku nalla povutha? Thinamum vellikku poothaa? Thookam nalla varuthaa? Nenchu pada padapa irukkaa? Unga yedai theriyumaa? Unga raththa group theriyumaa? Are you having more sweating? Viyarvai athikama varuthaa? Treatment History Have you consulted any doctor previously? What treatment you took? Any operation done? Any Investigation done? Did they do any scan? Did you have any medical (Health) problem before? Munnadi yaravathu doctor edam parthirukkaa? Yenna marunthu (or) enna senjanga? Yethavadhu aruvai sikkichai (operation) seithangalaa? Yethavadhu maruthuva parisothanai seithangalaa? Scan eduthachaa? Past History Idukumunadi ethavathu vyathi vanthirukkaa? 11 .

Jaundice? Kaaichal vanthirukaa? Raththa kothippu irukkaa? Ungalakku sarkarai vyathy vanthirukkaa? Ungalakku yeppovavadhu kaasa noi vanthirukkaa? Manjal kaamalai Chinnakuzhandhai yaga erukkumpothu (kaaichal. BP. raththakothipu. manjal kaamalai) vanthirukkaa? Family History Did any of your family members Unga kudumbathil yarukavadhu puttrunoi vanthirukkaa? suffered from cancer? Marital History Are you married? Did you marry from close relation? Do you have high BP? Do you have Diabetes? Did you ever suffered from TB? Ungaluku kalyanam aayedicha? Neenga kalyanam seithadhu sonthama? Anesthesiology Ungalukku raththa kothipu irukkaa? Ungalukku sarkarai noi irukkaa? Itharkku munaal ungalukku kaasanoi vanthirukkaa? 12 . sarkarai viyathi. mootuvalli) vanthirukkaa? Unga petrorgaluku (kaasa noye. DM.Did you have fever? Did you have BP problem? Did you suffer from DM? Did you suffer from TB? Jaundice Did you have fever with joint pain anytime during your childhood? Did your parents suffer from any disease like TB.

appoothu(muzhuthaa mayakkam koduthu nadanthadhaa. maathirai saappidareengalaa? Ungalukku pogai pidikkum pazhakam irukkaa? Ungalakku kudikkira pazhakam (mathu arunthum) irukkaa? Itharkku munaal thalaiyel adipattirukkaa? Ungalukku maarvalli (or) nenchuvalli irukkaa? Ungalukku nencharichal irukkaa? Ungalukku moochu kashtam irukkaa? Ungalukku nenchu pada padannu irukkaa? Ungalukku maarr adaikira maathri irukkaa? 13 Are you on treatment for BP (or) sugar? Are you a smoker? Do you consume alcohol? Did you ever had any head injury before? Do you have chest pain? Do you have heartburn? Are you having breathing difficulty? Are you having palpitation? Do you have chest tightness? Cardiac problems (Related to Cardiology) .Did you undergo any operation. sarkarainoikku. anytime? If any whether any Local Anesthesia (or) General Anesthesia? Was administered? Ungalukku itharkku munnaadi yethavadhu operation seithaargala? Itharkku munaal operation seithirunthaal. (illai) operation nadantha idam mattum maruthu poovathupool oosipottu seithaangalaa? Neenga raththa kothippukku.

illai kumattal irukkaa? Chinakuzhandaiyaga irunthapoothu kaaichaludan moottuvalli vanthirukaa? Pulmonary Medicine What is your problems Are you having cough? Are you having fever? Did you lose weight? & how much? Are you having fever during evening hours? Are you having cough with sputum? Ungalakku yenna kashtam irukku? Ungalakku irumal irukkaa? Ungalakku kaaichal irukkaa? Ungal yedai kurainthirukkaa? Evevalavu? Kaaichal maalai nerathil varuthaa? Ungalukku chaliyudan irumal varuthaa? 14 .Are you have sweating during chest pain? Are you having breathlessness while climbing stair case? Do you have Pedal oedema? Are you passing urine adequate? During chest pain is it radiating to shoulder? Did you feel giddiness? Did you have nausea (or) vomiting? Did you suffer from fever with joint pain during your childhood? Maarvalliyudan viyarvai athigama vanthichaa? Maadipadi yerum poodhu moochu khastam irukkaa? Kaal veekam irukkaa? Onukku nalla poovuthaa? Maarvalli unga thoalpattaiyil irunthu kaivarai varudhaa? Mayakam varuthaa? Vaanthi.

keerai. Neengal marunthu neeruthaamal yedukkanum. Muttai. kari. creals. Ungalakku nallaa pasi yedukkuthaa? Ungaveetil yaarukkaavathu kaasanoi vanthirukkaa? Ungaveetil yaarukkaavathu sarkarai noi allathu raththa kothippu vanthirukkaa? Ungalukku maarvalli irukkaa? Ungalukku muchukashtam irukkaa? Ungalluku muchukashtam thoongum neerathila. munbu. Athanal atharkku marunthu aarampika pookirom. meen. During ATT treatment if you are Intha marunthu saappidumpothu having nausea. kaalai unavukku empty stomach. vomiting or any vaanthi. (lot of fruits) green leaf vegetable. thoalil arippu allathu sigappaaga. While taking ATT you should eat food properly. protein saththu adhigamaana saappaadu saappidavum. meat. Intha marunthu saapidum poothu nallaa saappaadu saappidanum. healthy & high protein diet. etc dhal. illai saathaarana neerathilaa? Ungalukku kaasanoi irukku. kumattal. irunthaal skin rashes. you should take that regularly. All the ATT drugs to be taken in Intha marunthai verum vayitril saappidanum. fish. you should show 15 . pachai kaaikarigal.Are you having loss of appetite? Did any of your family member suffer from TB? Did anybody of your family member suffer from DM / Hypertension? Are you having any chest pain? Are you having breathing difficulty? When are you having breathing difficulty while sleeping or during resting time? You are having TB for that we are starting ATT. egg.

in the nearby hospital. kuliraavum irukkaa? Ungalukku theettu olunga varuthaa? Yeppothilirunthu kazhuthu kazhalai irrukku? Yeppothilirundhu uthattillum. udanae arugil ulla aaspathiriyel kaanpikkavum. vellikku nallaa poovuthaa? Sonthathil kalyaanam senchirukkaa? 16 . Endocrinology What all your complaints? How much weight you have gained since when? Are you having more sweating? Are you feeling very hot (or) cold suddenly? (If female patient) Are your periods (menstrual cycle) are normal? Are you having this goitre since when? Since when are you having excessive hair in upper lip & face Are you having good appetite? Did you have proper digestion? Lift your hands both & keep straight extended infront Are you having tremors? Are you passing urine & motion properly? Tell me. yevalavu? Athigamaa viyarvai varuthaa? Ungalukku thideerenru adhigamaa udambu soodagavum. whether your spouse is related to you Unga khastam yenna? Yeppothilerunthu yedai athigamaa irukku. mugathilum athigamaa mudi irukku? Nallaa pasi yedukkuthaa? Nalla jeeranam aavuthaa? Ungal irandu kaigalaiyum munnadi neyraga neetavum Kai nadukkam irukkaa? Onukku.

Nasal problems Are you having running nose? Are you having nasal block? Are you having bleeding from the nose? Are you having non stop bleeding nose? Are you having foul smelling nasal discharge? Are you breath (mouthbreathing)? 17 . (mani adippadhupool) irukkuthaa? Kaadhil thannee maathiri varudhaa? Kaadhukalil chez varudhaa? Ungal kaathukalil azhuku irukku Ungalakku thalai suthuvadhupool irukkaa? Ungal mookkil niraiya thanne mathiri (discharge) varudhaa? Ungal mookku adaippaaga irukkaa? Mookkilirundhu raththam varudhaa? Mookilirundhu niruthamudiyaatha maathiri raththam varudhaa? Mookilirundhu varum (discharge) naatrummaaga (smell) irukkaa? Vaaivazhiyaaga moochu vidareengalaa? ENT .ENT .Ear problems Can you hear? Which ear you are having difficulty in hearing? Are you having Tinnitus? Are you having watery discharge in your ears? Are you having pus discharge in your ears? You ears are packed with wax Are you having vertigo? Ungalukku kaadhu keekudhaa? Yenthapakkam kaadhu kettpadhil ungalakku kashtam irrukku? Kaadhil yedhaavathu oosai.

ENT .Throat problems Are you having sore throat? Do you suffer with recurrent sore throat? Are you having pain while swallowing? Are you having hoarseness of voice? Are you having cough? Are you having breathing difficulty? Name Age Are you educated? How many kids do you have? Abortion Ungalakku thondaipun irukkaa? Ungalukku adikkadi thondaipun varudhaa? Vizhungumpoodhu thoandaiyel valee irrukka? Ungalkuralil maatrum irrukkaa? Ungalukku irumal varudhaa? Ungalukku moochukashtam irukkaa? Payru Vayasu Neenga padithavaraa? Yethanai kuzhandhai irukku? Yethavathu Garpam kalainthu irukkaa (or) karukalaippu irukkaa? Menstrual History At age you have attended menarche? Are the period are regular? For how many days does the bleeding present? Do you have severe abdominal pain with vomiting during menstruation? Yentha vayathil vayathukku vanthachu? Ozhunga theettu varudhaa? Yethanai nall raththa pookku irukku? Vayettru valli. vaanthiyuden theettu varuthaa? 18 Gynaecology / Antenatal .

vitamin mathiraigal doctor sonna mathri saappidavum Oenpathaam maatham vaara vaaram checkupkku varanum Raththapookku. uppu kuraithu kollavum. kuzhandhai asaivu illammal erunthal udanadiyaga arukil ulla aaspathirikku sellavum Kuzhandhai iranthu piranthirukkaa? 19 . Injection? Did you get checked up in any hospital? Threatened abortion Now you have completed how many month? Are you feeling the movements? While lying down please turn to your left side Eat balanced diet.T. yetharkaga seithaanga? Kaalveekam irukkaa? Onukku nalla poovuthaa? Thaduppu oosi poottachaa? Yethavadhu Aaspathiriyel kaamichi irukkaa? Masamana piraku uthiram padutha? Ippo yethanai maasam mudinchirukku? Kuzhandhai asaiyudha? Padukkum pothu yedathu pakkam thirumbi padu Nallaa saththana saappaadu saappidavum. less salt and take vitamin tab as doctors prescribed During 9th month you should come for checkup weekly If you have any bleeding.Previous deliveries are Hospital Munadi prasavam veetilla. loss of foetal movements immediately come to Hospital Still born Periya operation yendral. illa aspathriyella? (or) home delivery? If operated before for what reason they have done? Is there any pedal oedema? Your output is ok? Did you take T.

kaalveekam irunthathu? Yentha maathathil hospital pooneenga? Veettukaarudan cherumpoodhu vali irukkaa? Karuthadai maathirai saapittu irukkaa. Kuzhandhai thalaikizha irukku.Any white discharge are you having? Is this having any foul smell? How many abortion?/ for (Bad Obst. History) Ungalukku vellai paduthaa? Vellaipaduvathu naatram adikuthaa? Muthal karusethaivu yethanai mathathil anathu? Irandaavathu yepothu. 20 H/o Trauma before Abortion? H/o TB in past? H/o TB in family? At what month PIH was detected? At what month first went to hospital for routine checkup? H/o painful coitus? H/o OC pills / if used for how many month / year? Pregnancy & New Born Care Normal delivery Operation Instrumental delivery Breech presentation . Yethanai maasam / yethanai varusam? Sugaprasavam. Aayudha uthaviyaal prasavam. yethanai maathathil anathu? Montravthu……? Yethavathu adipattatha karusethaivuku munaadi? Munaadi kaasanoi irunthuthaa? Kudumbathil yaarukaavathu kaasa noi irunthathaa? Yentha maathathil raththa kothipu. Yethanainaal. Aruvaisikichai (Operation).

piragu padukka vaikavum. paal kodukkavum. Nodippu. poochaa? Kuzhandhaiyai illam(kaalai) veiyelil kaanbikkavum (manjal kaamaalai varaammal irrukkum). vellikku. Yeppoothum ottkaarandhu.Cord prolapse Seizures Placenta preavia APH Retained placenta At birth is the baby cry normal? Birth weight Did the baby take breast milk properly? Did the baby pass urine & stool? Keep the baby in the early morning sunlight to prevent neonatal jaundice After feeds burping should be done Thoppulkodi velliya vanthiruichi. Buttiel (bottle) paal kodukkakoodathu. 21 Always feed in sitting position Don’t give bottle feeds Get your child immunized properly . Kuzhandhai pirantha odanae azhuthicha? Kuzhandhai piranthavudan yedai yevvalavu? Kuzhandhai ozhunkaga thaaippaal kudikkuthaa? Kuzhandhai onukku. Thaaipaal koduthapiraku kuzhandhaiyai thollil poottu muthugil thattinal yeppam varum. Thaduppu oosi thavaraamal arukil ulla aaspathiriyel poottukollavum. Nanzu munadi iruupathu. Presavathirkku mun thideerenru raththapookku irrupathu. Kunzhandai pirantha piragu nanchukodi varaamal irruppadhu.

/ What are they How long? Any allergy to your Husbands semen? How did the Injury occur? When did this happen? Did you have Head Injury? Is there any bleeding from the Nose (or) Ears? Neurology .By 6th month baby should be double of his body weight H/o tubal ligation Aarumathathil kunzhandhaiyin yedai pirantha yedaiyuden irandu madangaagum. kuzhandhai LSCS (or) oruvayasu anapiragaa? -Interval Any IUD (or) Still born? Kuzhandhai vaitrileye iranthuvitathaa? Iranthu piranthairukkaa? Irantha kuzhandhaikku yethaavathu parisoothanai seithaangala? Veetukararkku vinthu parisoothanai pani irukkaa? Yethavathu maathirai saapittu irukkaa? Garpam undaavatharkku enna marunthu saappittinga? Yevallu naalaiku saappittenga? Veettukararudan seernthapiraku vinthu pattaal arippu irukkaa? Yeppadi intha kayam vanthuchi? Yeppo nadanthathu? Thalaiyel adipattirukkaa? Kaathu (alladhu) Mookil raththam vanthathaa? 22 Any test done (IUD) Foetus? Any semen analysis for Husband? Any Drug taken for getting pregnant.Head Injury Question to the relatives/Patients of severely Head Injured . Kudumbakattupaadu operation nadanthirukaa? -When done/ during sterilization Periya operation nadakkum bodhaa illai.

kumattal irukkaa? Vera yengeyavathu adi pattiurkkaa? Ungalal kai.Did the patient have loss of consciousness & how long? How much was the blood loss? Are you having Nausea (or) Vomiting? Is there any other places on your body injured? Can you lift your leg (or) hands? Can you sit? Turn to one side? See my finger & see where it moves don’t move your head. thalaiyai aattamal kankalai uruti paar Urology & Nephrology Mugaveekam yeppodhill irunthu irukku? Kaalveekam undaa? Onukku nallaa varuthaa? Onukku yenna niram? Onukku nooraiya povuthaa? Onukku sottu sotta povuthaa? Eduppuvalli irukkaa? Onukkil raththam (or) cheezhu varuthaa? 23 . rotate your eyes Since when are you having puffiness of the face Do you have Pedal oedema Passing urine adequate? What is the colour of the urine? Are you passing frothy urine? Are you having dribbling of urine? Are you having back pain? Did you have haematuria (or) pyunia Suyaninaivu illammal ponathaa? Yevallavu neram appadi irunthuchi? Yevalavu raththam poochi? Vaanthi. kaallai thooka mudiyumaa? Ungalal uttkaramudiyumaa? Orupakkam thirumbu? Enn kaiviralai parkavum.

(alladhu) siridhu siridhaaga kurainthu vittathaa? Neengal paarpadhu erandu erandaga theriyuthaa? Ungalukku niram paarpathil kashtam irukkaa? Ungalukku light paarthaal kann koosuthaa? Kanneer adigamaaga varuthaa? Ungal kangal yeppoothilirundhu sigappu niramaaga irrukku? 24 Can you see? Are you having good vision? Your vision diminished suddenly (or) progressively? Are you having double vision? Are you having difficulty in identifying the colours? Are you having photophobia? Do you have excessive tears? Your eyes are reddish. since when? .Did you have burning micturation? Did you have urgency to pass urine? General weakness? Are you having good appetite? Are you having any joint pain? Do you have worsening breathless on lying down? H/o altered sensorium? Onukku yerichalooda varuthaa? Onukku avasaramaa poovuthaa? Odambu soorva irrukaa? Pasi nallaa yedukkuthaa? Moottuvalli irukkaa? Paduthirukkum poothu moochu kashtam athigam irukkaa? Suyanenaivu illamal irunthirukkaa? Ophthalmology Ungalaal paarkka mudiyuthaa? Ungalakku paarvai nallaa irukkaa? Ungal paarvai thideerenru kurainthu vittatha.

hair wash. Kanporai operationukku piragu After catract surgery till the sutures are removed don’t have thaiyel yedukkum varai thalai kulikakoodaathu.Since when you are having black spot in your eyes? Did you have any injury to your eyes? Any H/o foreign body in your eyes? Are you having any irritation in your eyes? Any prulent discharge in your eyes? Are you having visual difficulty since child hood? Are you suffering with near vision (or) distant vision? Are you using any contact lens? Did you undergo any eye surgery (catract) Did you undergo any laser surgery? Are you using spectacles? since when Wash your eyes with clean water. 25 . Yeppoothilirundhu ungal kangalil karuppu pulligal irrukku? Kanngalil yethaavadhu adipattirukkaa? Kanngalil yethaavadhu (Doosi) vizhundathaa? Kanngalil yethaavadhu oruthal irukkaa? Kanngalil yethaavadhu azhukku (discharge) varuthaa? Ungalukku paarvai koolaaru chinna vaiyathil irundhu irrukkaa? Ungalukku kittapaarvai (alladhu) dhoorapaarvai kashtam irukkaa? Kangalil lens vaithirukkaa? Ungalakku yedhaavadhu kanporai neekam operation seithirukkaa? Ungalakku kangalil laser operation seithirukkaa? Yeppothilirundhu neengal kannaadi use seireengaa? Suththamaana neerril kangalai kazhuvavum.

2nd? H/o seizure? H/o any abnormal bleeding? H/o pain on bluish discoloration of hand after exposure to cold water? H/o dry eyes / mouth or salivation? Excessive salivation? Muscle weakness proximal / distal? .Rheumatology H/o skin rash on exposure sunlight? How long does it take for the rash to subside? Hair loss Pricking type chest pain Ungalukku tholil yedhavadhu kuru (alladhu) cikkappa veyil pattaa varudhaa? Tholil kuru (alladhu) cikkappu yevallavu neram vandhupoovudhu? Mudi kottuthaa? Maarvalli alladhu nenjuvalli oosiyel kuthuvadhu poola irukkaa? Kaalaiyel yezenthavudan mootuvalli irukkaa athu. allathu. yentha yedathil? 26 Do you have joint pain on getting up from bed in the morning. vaai kaayenthamaathiri irrukkaa? Vaaiyel athigamaaga thanner (yechil) varudhaa? Thasai soorvu irukkaa. yevalavu neram irukkum. kulirandha thanneril kulitha piragu varuthaa? (Neela niram) Kan. Vudambu viraitha maathiree irukkaa? Vudambu viraippu yentha paguthiyil muthalil? Piragu? Nodippu vanthirukkaa? Yethavadhu raththa pookku irukkaa? Tholil yedhaavathu niramaatram. how long does it last? Body stiffness? Which it first involved.

a cup .¾ cup /day Cherruppu pooduvatharkku kashtamaa irukkaa? Thalai seevuvatharkku kashtamaaga irukkaa? Gilaassil thanner pidippatharkku kashtamaa irukkaa? Kuthukaal pootu uttkarntha piragu. nirpadhu kashtamaa irukkaa? Mochukashtam irrukkaa? yevvalavu dooram nadantha piragu mochukashtam irrukku? Chali varuthaa? Chalien niram yenna? Yentha neerathil chali aathigamaa varudhu? Kaalayel allathu maalayel.Difficulty in holding chappals? Difficulty in combing hair? Difficulty holding glass of water? Difficulty in getting up from squatting position? H/o breathlessness? After how much distance you get breathless? H/o sputum expectoration? Colour of sputum? Any variation in sputum production in day? Morning or evening H/o breathlessness is more after getting to sleep? H/o no change in breathless in change in position to right or left? H/o distension of abdomen? H/o distension of neck veins? H/o amount of sputum per day . Thoongi ezhuntha piragu moochukashtam athigam varuthaa? Moochu kashtam yenthapakkam thirumpum poothu athigam varudhu? Vaieruveekam irukkaa? Kazuthu narambu veekam irrukkaa? Yevvalavu chali varudhu? 27 .