This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
THE THINGS OF THE SPIRIT OF GOD ARE SPIRITUALLY DISCERNED. 1 Cor. ii. 14.
THIS is addressed to persons supposed to have some concern about gaining a Christian character, and to be seeking the way. It presumes us to be risen above the stolidity of a mere sensual satisfaction into a posture of spiritual inquiry. It especially meets two mistakes, not uncommon, nor without plausibility ; that of sup posing that the whole measure of Christian obligation is filled out by a development of moral sensibility and moral performance ; and that of supposing that all Christian truth can be received and tested by the in tellect.
If that is the best definition of education which makes it consist in giving a man the right use of his powers, the education will be best which assigns to each of his powers its own use, and does not require of one to do the work of another. Respecting those faculties of man that are more purely intellectual, this is generally allowed. But it is just as true of what is called his religious or spiritual nature ; and in the
practical acknowledgment of that truth will come a
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 37
great wave of spiritual light, a great gain of religious power, if indeed such a discovery shall not be found indispensable finally to any commanding action of the Christian faith in the world.
Why should I, or why should you, not having done so before, set about the business of being a Christian, in secret principle, in open confession, in consistent conduct? This, in short, is the question. Christian ity stands on earth, the Gospel is published, Christ himself was born at Bethlehem, and died at Calvary, and inspires his disciples, to give the answer. But that it may be received as an answer, that in us which the voices speak to must hear ; that door through which only the heavenly guests can enter, must be open.
Every good that is possible to man finds something in him to lay hold of it ; material nourishment, a body ; the air, lungs ; light, eyes ; enterprises, a will ; property,
the passion of ownership ; beauty, taste ; science, an understanding ; friends, affection. On the other hand, every faculty in him has its external object, and an appropriate exercise in reaching towards it. This is the adaptation of the creature to his place ; the mu tual fitness between man and his home, every part of man and some part of his surroundings. Without this complete adjustment, nature would be a riddle, the mind a mockery, history a failure, and our Maker certainly not God.
So far as the outward condition is concerned, this is easily found out. Even in the more external move ments of the intellect, having to do with our immediate wants, and necessary to provide for our comfort, it is acknowledged. If we fail to own it when we come to
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our deeper life, passing from man as a mind to man as a soul, or from man as he thinks and under stands, to man as he feels, aspires, and believes, it
will not be because the analogy fails, but only because we enter a region we have kept less familiar, and whose objects lie farther from the senses ; the senses mean time crowding in and engrossing attention.
Every competent authority, however, affirms that man is provided with a spiritual power, for discerning, re ceiving, and doing spiritual things. The Word, ex perience, the system of nature in other departments, and the human constitution itself, agree in that. There are spiritual realities. How do we know it, or what is it to us when we do know it, if there is not an implanted faculty in us, capable of becoming conversant with those realities ? There is, to vary the expression, a spiritual world, including beings and facts and laws of its own. How strange if there were not some part of ourselves made to touch it, opening out on that side, and, if treated purely, if dealt with ac cording to its own conditions, forming a bond of kin dred and sympathy between our whole nature and that world unseen! Or, if you prefer, there is a body of religious truth, imposing corresponding duties on us, which we can apprehend, and commune with, and draw from, only by a distinct energy, whose germ God planted, meant for that end, and for no other.
How God himself exists, an Infinite Person ; how his spirit acts on human spirits ; the divinity of the man Christ Jesus ; the possibility and power of redemption ; how sin can be forgiven ; the certainty of a future life ; the great laws of religious improvement and de cay, including the facts of salvation and retribution, or
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 39
Heaven and Hell ; the being of persons not living in visible bodies ; these are among the things obviously belonging to that world, that body of truth, that scene of spiritual realities, and are really known to us only through a spiritual discernment, or faculty of faith, as outward nature is known by the senses, and its scientific relations by the understanding.
After this enumeration, nothing need be said of the relative rank of this spiritual part of man among the human powers. The interests it embraces, the infini tude it touches, the fact that by it we are related to God, and to Eternity, so that our boundless weal or woe depends upon it, all this lifts it at once into un questionable supremacy. If it exists at all, it is the
royal thing in us, and rules by divine right.
Now, if we begin to say that we will know religion only through some of the faculties given us for know ing something else, that we will not set about being Christians except by means of the understanding, or the memory, or sensible proof; if, when we are called on to believe, we reply, we will not believe because we cannot demonstrate, whereas if we could demonstrate there would be no occasion at all to believe ; if we say, we will not trust in God, nor pray, nor credit the Christian Incarnation, nor accept the New Testament, because these are things not rationally made out, be cause we have stationed logic as gate-keeper to let noth ing pass that cannot be framed into a syllogism ; then do we not call off a part of our powers to do a work not their own, and for which they are not fit ? Do we not miss a good, possibly an infinite one, by that mis management ? Do we not abuse ourselves, just as if we should insist on judging poetry by rules of reason-
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ing, or learning algebra by our affections, or trying
to remember a language we never studied ? You say, you cannot reason out the whole Gospel teaching. Very well ; the Gospel never said you could, nor asked you to try. The Gospel approaches that part of your nature which the Creator made to receive it. The things of the Spirit are spiritually discerned.
On the other hand, if we leave out of practice and out of culture one of the faculties, or groups of faculties, planted in us for growth ; if we fail to direct it to its proper objects, and to nourish it on its natural food, then, like other unused powers, it will wither and die. So much will be not only taken from the efficiency and the symmetry of our being, but we forfeit all the wisdom meant to come by that avenue. Other forces, which this ought to have counterbalanced and checked, will grow rank and pernicious. Nor shall we ever quite know how much we have lost, what glories and joys may have been shut out, what bright and heavy-laden processions from the gates of heaven may have passed by, such as might have filled our houses with honor, while we were busy making terms with those sharp ex tortioners and publicans of the brain.
One chief difficulty probably consists in the fact that this spiritual faculty, while distinct, is yet so intimately
and so variously connected with others. It is so con nected, because man is a complex being ; just as each of our powers is modified by its companions. As the imagination affects the judgment, as the affections mod ify the will, as the memory restrains the fancy and helps the understanding, or as the logical faculty cools the passions, so the spiritual faculty may, more or less, mix with all these, and, in turn, be strengthened
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 41
or weakened by their suggestions. It was intended to be so. Yet, out of that necessity doubtless comes a danger that faith will not get her due ; and for the cause just now assigned, that her objects are more remote, while the appetites are not only exorbitant but somehow disordered, and fallen from their estate of purity.
All our powers exercise reciprocal influences. To a degree, they are not only related, but interdependent, for they are parts of one living, organic creature. In their perfect balance would be the perfection of charac ter. Depravity, of all sorts, unsettles that balance. It pulls the sovereign from its throne, sets up a usurper in
selfishness, raises an insurrection of passions, and leaves the whole commonwealth in discord. Worst of all, and first of all, it clogs the channels whereby illumination and energy flow in from above, and so at once multiplies our enemies, and robs us of our weapons of defence.
Another obstacle to the right appreciation of this faculty grows out of the indefiniteness of the place as signed it in any metaphysical classification. It is easy to see what recognized powers are adjacent to it ; the affections, because the character of God and the first Christian duty is love ; conscience, because the discrim ination between right and wrong draws the line where religion comes in contact with and re-enforces morality, or practical righteousness ; reverence, because without that there would be no worship ; the desire of excel lence, and a sense of the Infinite, if these are to be reck oned distinct natural powers, because both of them would bring important elements to what is the common understanding of religion. Possibly, if philosophy had completed its analysis, all that we mean by the distinct spiritual faculty would be found embraced under some
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of its names. It is enough that we know the faculty by its effects ; that we can have a growing consciousness of it, if we will ; and that the whole resultant action of all its elements is faith, the New Testament faith, not mere belief, not mere trust, still less mere opinion, or vague feeling, but faith. We may call it, then, without error, the faith-faculty.
Very largely, it is subject to the same conditions, as to its cultivation, with the other faculties.
For instance, it is increased by a separate and special discipline of its own, as the rest are ; with its own ap paratus, tuition, and practice. As the understanding has its school, the affections their home, the artistic faculty its manipulations and galleries, the natural sciences their lectures and cabinets, so the spiritual power has its own modes of impression and multiplication, in the Bible and its filial literature, in meditation, rising into devo tion, in the Church and its ordinances.
Or, secondly, the faith-faculty may be assisted indi rectly by the healthy exercise of all the other powers. No exclusive possession is claimed for it. It rather pen etrates than excludes ; rather leavens than destroys ;
rather sanctifies than slays. All that is, in the good sense, natural, it tries to purify and preserve ; only when it meets those natural sins which are really the perver sions and degradations of nature as God made it, does it lay the axe to the root of the tree, and overturn, and make the old die that the new may be born. Otherwise it welcomes all the other powers to its service, in their co-ordinate, harmonious operation. Christianity has a body of facts, to which it refers for testimony, facts of history, facts of human nature, and therefore it wants the understanding to grasp and hold them. So long as
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 43
the understanding keeps to its own province, and does not presume beyond its limits, there is agreement. So have these Christian facts a system of laws, relations, and doctrines under and among them ; and, therefore, the faith-faculty asks for science to arrange them. So long as science does not trespass over her own domain, to pass upon what is not hers, there is only concord still. So has religion, for its impressions and effects, symbols and forms of beauty, and calls in the aids of poetry and art, architecture and music. So long as taste does not un
dertake to dictate to piety, and substitute her esthetics for religious principle, all is harmonious. Once more, the sequences of moral and religious truth involve pro cesses of reasoning; hence theology is thankful for sound logic, and only when it grows meddlesome and arrogant, does the higher authority have to rebuke it as foolishness, a babbler, " science falsely so called." And, in general, since sophistry and error are apt to encumber the simplicity of the Gospel with artificial matter, the close-thinking intellect is serviceable in clearing the human additions away, and undoing a false reasoning with a true.
But, apart from all mixtures and modifications, the spiritual sight has a sphere of its own. Things are shown to it not shown to the strongest brain. A knowl edge breaks upon the earnest heart, waiting at the Mas ter s feet, which makes the wisdom of the world but folly. Rendering unto the understanding the things of the understanding, we must render unto faith the things that are faith s. We are not to say that till we can com pass the heavenly world with our intellectual measuring line, and clear up every difficulty, we will not believe ; any more than we arc to say, that till we can have logic
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set to music, we will not learn logic ; or that, till the propositions of geometry are put to us in brilliant rhetoric we will not study geometry. A burst of feeling, or an impassioned appeal, may find a graceful place, and have a persuasive effect, now and then, in a legal argument ; but, whatever else we may think of it, we cannot say it is a part of the argument. And a purely intellectual process may render invaluable aid to religious truth, but it will not make it a whit more true, nor necessarily bear it in 011 those seats of feeling and faith, where it must get a lodgment, if it is to renew the fountains of life.
It is to the faith-faculty that revelation is offered. Indeed, revelation would be impossible without it ; and it is only for want of opening it, and looking through it, that some men doubt whether a revelation has been made. As the word signifies, revelation is an uncover ing, or showing, of what was before unseen, utterly profitless, of course, except there is a vision to behold what is shown. Patmos, the Mount of Transfiguration, the banks of the Jordan, Gethsemane, would be all spots of common earth and without illumination but for that. When the voice from above, in reply to the Saviour s
prayer, " Father, glorify thy name," answered, " I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again," some of them that stood by, rationalists, said that it thundered ; others, spiritually-minded, said that an angel spoke to him. To a really spiritual mind it will seem no strange thing that, when an epoch like the advent of Christ arrives, and the whole course of the world is to be changed, the habits of the material scene should yield to the stress of the spirit, and the time of the Messiah be signalized by that spiritual world breaking through a little, and giving tokens of its reality, what we call miracle. To ap-
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predate the revelation will require a vision in sympathy with the Christ revealed. Yet, doubtless, the showing of the things stimulates and quickens the vision. Per haps it is significant of this, that the word " vision " is used for both, the faculty seeing, and the thing seen, both being related and mutually dependent.
Revelation, not being a book of psychology, docs not describe the exact place that spiritual discernment has in a metaphysical system, nor even, as we have seen, give
to it a metaphysical name. It simply refers to it by its action, its function, which is faith. Of that all the Bible is full, letting us see the faculty by its fruit, the prac tical not the speculative way. After the name of the Author of our religion, faith is the chief term of the Bible ; and it is the correlate to that name. The Word is forever calling on men to believe. Have faith. To many people, whose spiritual life has never been awak ened and exercised, this word sounds vague, abstract, technical : sounds as of the pulpit, and not of the living world. Yet, in the light of this truth, as we have seen it, how simple and how natural ! Have faith ! That is, exercise this faith-faculty. Use it; and by using it, strengthen it. Open the soul. Let the light in. Let the prayer be, " Lord, I believe ; help thou mine un belief."
It is very remarkable, if we read the Evangelists with this view, how constantly Christ addresses himself to this inward vision. He evidently expects to accomplish nothing without it. His parables, his warnings, his ten der entreaties, were all adapted to open and quicken it. Till that was done, his message could not get entrance. So he stands waiting, with unspeakable compassion and love, before every heedless, unbelieving, unrepenting
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heart : " Behold I stand at the door, and knock." He waits for the inward eye to open. He does everything, says everything, that is possible to help it to open. Without that, nothing avails. Even miracles would be useless. The healer of sightless men came to cure a worse blindness than any that shuts out the light of the sun. His errand on earth was not to restore a few sick, or palsied, or buried bodies. He did that only to reach in, to startle, to raise up, the deaf, dumb, paralytic, slumbering soul within. It was the Lazarus of a lost humanity he was seeking, when he cried, " Come forth, " Loose him, and let him go." Accordingly, before he put forth these special wonders, how often he looked in on the hearts about him, to see if there was that in dispensable readiness that would justify the miracle, or make it really beneficent. Sometimes it was simply a common question, as if to fix the mind : to Bartimeus, " What wilt tliou that I should do unto tliee ? " Some times it was a searching requirement, uncovering in stantly all the hidden reservation, and exposing the weak illusion : to the young man : " Sell all thou hast, and give to the poor." Sometimes, as to Matthew : " Believest
thou this ? " When the leper cried, at once, " Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean," he did not delay, but put forth his hand and healed him. When the cen turion had such humility as to decline the visit of the Lord of life to his unworthy roof, he exclaimed, " I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel." And when the Syrophenician woman came pleading for her lunatic daughter, he let her cry long aftei him, till he had proved her : " It is not meet to take the children s bread, and to cast it to dogs." Yet, when she had the lowliness and the trust to say, " Yea, Lord, yet the dogs under the table eat
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of the crumbs which fall from their master s table," and showed herself content even with the cast-off blessings of a more favored people, he spake again that great ben ediction, " Great is thy faith, be it unto thee even as thou wilt." And so, forever and forever, we shall be spiritually enriched just as much as we are willing and ready to be. They that love much are forgiven much ; and "the things of the Spirit are spiritually discerned."
We can apply the same principle to seeking for
what are called the " Evidences for Christianity." As often conducted, that study is chiefly a dry exercise of the understanding. It is all very well. The under standing s own difficulties are met ; intellectual objec tions are removed ; the sceptic s allegations are logically answered, perhaps, and the Gospel history is reconciled with reason. A very noble enterprise, on the out works. Only it does not make a believer, in Christ s sense. It does not bring the interior life into sympa thy with the Saviour. It does not give spiritual dis cernment. It does not bring us to live joyfully and affectionately with our Lord.
Faith comes another way, by its own faculty. It has been said, by a bold statement, that we are to be lieve Jesus Christ was the Son of God because he said he was. It sounds credulous, at first. And it is not the whole of the truth. But there is a profound mean ing in it, and it was a profound thinker that said it. We are to believe Christ is the Son of God because he says he is ; that is, because such a person as he, with his character and nature, with all that we at once see and feel him to be, if we give ourselves up to a simple impression of his Divine Goodness, because he, with his own spirit, his love, and look, and tone,
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says he is. There is an evidence of Christianity ; not an argument, but an apprehension ; not a balancing of affirmatives and negatives, but a direct sight. Stand ing before him on the mount, sitting at his feet, look ing up at him on the cross, we believe. Without reasoning upon it, without deduction, or premise, or analysis, we consent. We use those steps at our leis ure, to confirm, or to settle subsidiary matters. But by faith, we say it is so ; it is borne in upon us as ft conviction, like the goodness of the friend we love ; and no dialectics will make it more true. It is as true as it can be ; and you are just as likely, more likely, to act upon such a conviction, in any common case, than on the result of an argumentative process.
Or, take up any of the Saviour s great sayings, where principles are announced so broad as to encompass the whole zone of duty, truths so vast as to link heaven and earth together; what are they still but verbal sounds, save as there is a spiritual discernment ? "I am the Resurrection and the Life," that unparalleled sentence, of more moment to each of us than all the
wealth and all the knowledge and all the news circu lating through all the civilization and societies of the world ; over how many listless ears and indifferent minds it will pass to-day, as fruitless as the mourning mother s repetition of the familiar name to the daughter that was dead! "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart": what is it to us, if our earnest hearts within us are not asking what we shall do, and whom we shall love. " I pray, Father, that they may be one, as we are": is there any logic in the books, or any science in the schools, that will make that prayer clearer to your soul, or that will abate, one
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 49
particle, its eternal beauty and grandeur when the love of your own soul has really prayed it once ? Take the Beatitudes, one by one. And as their immortal promises fall 011 the outward sense, mercy for the merciful, comfort for them that mourn, the kingdom of heaven for the poor in spirit, filial places for the peacemakers, celestial fellowship with the Prophets for those persecuted for righteousness sake, and for the pure in heart the beatific vision of God, what does
all this boundless Beatus, " Blessed," signify, except there be some spiritual discernment to catch an image of the joy ? To the sensual, to the profane, to the soul that is shut upward and open only toward the earth, cold in devotion and eager only with its appetites, or cased in that intellectual selfishness that shrinks as it freezes, what great desire, or aspiration, can that " Blessed " bring ?
It is not to be forgotten that in the practical direc tion of the Christian life, in the various applications of Christian truth to duties, there is need of the best intellectual force. Religion is constantly calling men tal activity to her service. For instance, in the First Epistle to the Corinthians, you find a large discussion of questions of judgment, questions, rather, of con science, primarily, but such that only judgment, reflec tion, intellectual powers, can rightly settle them. They are properly matters of Christian casuistry. Christi anity was a new religion. It had to be put into many old practices, social relations, civil and ecclesiastical in stitutions. These involved more or less important ques tions. They were not the great things of Revelation. Revelation is occupied with grand original truths, com prehensive facts, immense disclosures of a world of un-
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seen life. So it can plant them in the convictions of men, it is less concerned about the rest. It knows the rest will come, in due time, by the working of the accepted Spirit.
Yet naturally the minds of the first Christians would be greatly exercised on the practical side of their new religion, getting it at work in their life, into contact with their habits and employments, adjusted to their former notions and outward ordinances. Faith, in itself, is an unchangeable principle ; but when it acts by human agents, in human affairs, its operations will be variable. Paul would help these first Christians in that matter. He was able. He had their confidence. He had a strong dialectic power, and a ripe culture, as well as spiritual illumination. So he taught them, about cir cumcision, about tongues, about going to law, about marriage, and feasts, and church discipline, all with reference to a fair working out of the Christian ideas. But then he knew, all the while, these were not the great things of faith. Those, which were really the subjects of his inspiration, were stated in few words. It was in
them, after all, that his specialty, as an apostle, lay ; and he often and gladly returned to them. Whenever he comes to them it is with veneration, with holy feet. Then he says, " Spiritual things are spiritually dis cerned."
It is a great hour for a man, when he wakes up to this conviction that there is a world of truth which he is to receive, grow familiar with, and live in, otherwise than through his mind, or his bodily senses. It is a new being. It is his regeneration. The term is not too strong. Christ uses it, deliberately, repeatedly. For that change is not merely the addition of a new sense,
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on a level with Iris other senses. It is a wakening to a world not only new, but one which, if seen to exist at all, is seen to be of supreme beauty, dignity, bril liancy. It pours another atmosphere over all the things we know by other senses. " If any man be in Christ, in Christy what does that mean, if not something far more than a mere external or even intellectual presence, in him as in an element, an air of life, a vital and in
spiring ether, a flood of light? whosoever is thus in Christ " is a new creature. Old things are passed away ; behold, all things are become new." Sin is hateful. Transgressions are repented of and renounced. There is a new principle of living, which is the love of God. Wonderful things are written of it, by them that know. It makes men willing to suffer, willing to die. For " every one that loveth is born of God," and cannot really die. " His seed remaineth in him." " He that loveth not, knoweth not God, for God is love ; and he that loveth dwelleth in God, and God in him." " And here by we know that he dwelleth in us, by the spirit which he hath given us."
All this is but the waking up, quickening into active and conscious life, of a germ or faculty formed in us by our Maker ; the calling up of a vitality which sin had deadened. Doubtless there is a difference in degrees of the natural endowment, in different persons. But in every man it exists, and in every man there is enough to make a Christian of. In this also, it follows the analogy of the other faculties, in sane and common cases. The power is of God ; the use is by man.
Nor is it to be overlooked that for the training of this spiritual power there is an appointed tuition. We are
sent to that school. The " selfsame spirit " that is the
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quiekener and teacher, in order to deal naturally with us, and give regularity to the spiritual life, will have a language, rich and varied, to express to the inward sense the invisible things, by things that are seen and heard. Images, forms, books, rituals, ministries, become symbols and vehicles of the hidden reality. These are never to be thrust out of their place by a false spiritualism ; never to be thrust into the place of the Divine substances they body forth by a materialistic superstition. Then they become idols, or a cant, like all unreal speech and cere mony ; but in themselves they are the beautiful and fit ting language to us of what we are by-and-by to see face to face, and know as we are known, the veil taken away. Indeed, the spiritual world is so much greater than this, that it is probable all outward things are only signs of its realities, expressions of its facts. Yery likely there is no form in nature, that has not its spiritual counter part. However this may be, we know that we have a special language to teach us spiritual discernment. "We have forms of worship, ordinances of consecration and
communion, a Bible. Through these we are to read, with the spirit of sincerity for our lamp, the spiritual sense. To stop with the form or letter itself is like only noticing the grammar and the rhetoric of compo sition, regardless of what it conveys. We spell out our heavenly lesson under a higher and holier influence. God makes all life his interpreter.
" The Spirit breathes upon the Word, And brings the truth to light."
In Judaism, in Christendom, that word does not profit which is not mixed with faith in them that hear it. We may wonder that this spiritual light, or faith-
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faculty, was not given to us perfect and mature. The knowledge of truth and of heaven is a good: why should not a God of goodness, who holds this very thing supreme, confer it on us, without this slow, stumbling process of acquirement ? "Why not rend away the veil at once, and compel us to believe ?
But compulsory belief would not be faith. Besides, no other desirable attainment is given us on these terms, no knowledge of the stars, or the earth, or coins, or shells, or plants. And by going down a little way, we find a part, at least, of the reason. In the whole Divine Economy of Man, we see the enlarge ment of his powers reckoned a greater good than the bare increase of his possessions. The wisdom to use, to assimilate, and to set things into their relations, is more than the owning of them. It is no unusual thing to see a man surrounded by wealth that he has got together by one kind of faculty without the other faculty which can turn it to account in solid help, in true beauty, in culture, in the enriching and adorning of his own manhood. This is sometimes called success in business ; but you would not call it so. So it is not uncommon to see a man who has piled up stores of in formation in his memory, but is as helpless as before, for want of the faculty that transmutes knowledge into personal force. This may be called learning, but not by learned men. In each case, how much better would a power of another sort be, more mind and less money, in the one, more wisdom if less knowl edge, in the other. One sits there in his furniture and estates, a subaltern, mortified for his awkwardness, or else despised because he is not mortified : the
other carries about a load of the names of all sub-
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stances in earth and air at his tongue s end, yet none the less at the mercy of all the hard weather of life.
So, even in religion, the first good will not be a formal or literal acquaintance with the objects. They must, as it were, enter into us, and become a part of us. We must know them by sympathy. Like must be get like, in the appreciative and responsive action of our own nature. Graciously God refuses to let us have spiritual things, save by the steady growth and ripening of a spiritual mind. In fact, otherwise we should not really have them. They might lie about us, like the items of a miser s property, but we should never own them. Possibly they might rather own us, enslave us in superstition, or some bondage to the letter. We should hold them only nominally, not really. It would be mortgage, and not freehold. Any mere passing of glories before the organs of sight would
be a spectacle and nothing more, the flitting images of the magic lamp, not " the powers of the world to come."
Hence, by a law that cannot be broken, spiritual knowledge is not poured irresistibly into the mind. We have to reach out for it, and work towards it, and strive after it, and little by little get the feeling of it, along with the sight of it. It is for our own sake. It is that the truth may really be ours, of us, our life and not our furniture. It is because otherwise it would be of no more service to us than bank-notes in the fingers of an infant, or a steam-engine in the hands of a savage. This is what Christ doubt less refers to, where, speaking of an extreme case, he tells the disciples not to cast their pearls before swine. The gross nature does not see that they are pearls.
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That seen, there would be hope ; and the patient Christ would wait, and labor, and invite to the last ; for 110 Teacher was ever so encouraging. Yet there must be eyes willing to see. " He that hath ears to hear, let
The instruction and the encouragement are direct. Our Christian attainments are in our own hands, and yet are not less, for that, the gift and grace of God s spirit. Heaven is over us, and open to us. The Gos pel is plain to the eye that reads in faith. All the world illustrates this Christian lesson. If the prac tised astronomic observer can see a star in the sky, where others see only the field of blue ; if the worker in mosaic can detect distinctions of color where others see none ; if the Esquimaux can distinguish a white fox in the snow ; if the sailor sees the ship where the landsman sees no spot ; if thus, to a measurable keen ness of vision, " the eye sees what it brings the power to see," then, much more, as we lift up the eyes of the spirit, in prayer and trust and charity, shall we behold the invisible, look on the things not seen and eternal, and, by purity of heart, " see God." " I am come," said Jesus, " that they which see not might see." Then, as in the higher walks of science the illuminated mind sometimes transcends the ordinary necessities of language, conquers defect, and leaps to its discoveries as by intuition, or translates the ideas of nature by a deeper familiarity with her signs, so it will be here. Outward things cannot destroy nor change that in
terior sight. It has been said that when the great English anatomist, Hunter, died, leaving the results of his life-long observations and his classification in unpublished manuscripts, his fraudulent brother-in-law,
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aiming to appropriate the system as his own, burnt the work and fancied his guilty secret safe. But the scholar had recorded his thoughts in another volume. When competent naturalists opened his museum of specimens, preserved in the Royal College of Surgeons, there, on the cases, they could read off, in the exact arrange ment of his specimens, as clearly as in words, his whole theory of the animal kingdom. And if even the intellect rises to these noble freedoms and inde pendencies, in its insight, how much more the spirit, which, because it dwelleth in Love, is born of God, and dwelleth in God, already, and forever.
And now, if this line of thought is just, you will not shrink from any lawful inferences from it ; but will thankfully accept them, even if their practical applica tion should be searching to the conscience.
1. See, then, first, that the waking of this spiritual power, in any individual heart, at the call of God s spirit, into a conscious and voluntary action, is the beginning of the Christian life. By man s creation, the germ of it was provided, and that was all nature did. Even what nature originally supplied, man has perverted. The germ was bent and hurt in its tender ness. Not only the individual but the Race has per verted it. Hereditary appetites have biased it. Bad passions have depraved it. God comes again, in Christ, to heal and quicken. For that act the New Testament has plain names : " being born again," " renewal," " re generation," " conversion," " believing with the heart." It stands in rational analogy with all our living ways. To see, to feel, to begin to act, in the Spirit, this is the essential of Christian discipleship, of the immortal life, on earth, in heaven.
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 57
2. One kind of exercise does not bring another kind of strength ; one kind of effort another kind of attain ment; but each its own. Muscular training does not
furnish the mind, but the body. An eager acquisition of money does not refine the taste, nor liberalize the disposition ; it only sharpens the eye to the main chance. Political ambition does not foster magnanimity, but cun ning and calculation. So in every department of action and pursuit. And, by the same law, moral endeavors will produce moral vigor, but not spiritual, for there is a difference. Uprightness in trade is a noble trait ; it is worth more than it ever costs ; and there is no Christian character without it. But honesty in busi ness is, after all, a distinct thing from faith in God; there is not a village in Christendom where the two are not found in separate men. Honesty grows by honest dealing; faith grows by religious worship and experience. Veracity is established by telling the truth ; but a spirit of prayer is awakened by going away in secret, and penitently, humbly conversing with God. The blessed submission that trusts heaven in every trouble and bereavement, by the bed of pain, in loss of fortune, in the desertion of friends, at the new-made grave, this is a spiritual grace, one of the " things of the Spirit," and it is no more to be gained by mere outward correctness of behaviour, or a com pliance with all the decent rules of social morality, than fortitude is to be gained by frugality, or tender affections by a stout understanding. An inward sense
of communion with Christ is a spiritual thing, and, a very practicable thing : it is the true Christian s pecu liar privilege. But it cannot be found in the mere routine of an honorable, thrifty traffic, nor in the ex-
58 THE FAITH-FACULTY.
citements of society. It is found by coming to Christ, believing on him, thinking of him, loving him, being grateful to him, opening to him, as he stands at the door and knocks. The inward nature is made of organs like the outward. Each has eyes to see with, and hands to lay hold by. Christ came into the world to touch, restore, vitalize the benumbed and dying organs of the soul, that they which see not might see ; and every power, now paralyzed by sin, might leap back to life. If we would have this matchless and miraculous physician heal us, and make us spiritual beings, fit for a spiritual or heavenly society, we must be more than industrious, more than economical, more than amiable and temper ate and respectable : though we must certainly be all these : " these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone." We must, in all the powers of godliness, in devotion, in the love of God, in faith
and hope and charity, go from strength to strength, steadfast, always advancing, always abounding, in the work of the Lord.
3. The doctrine will remove, if .we suffer it, many of those hinderances to our setting in earnest about the Christian life, which spring from a mistaken impression that the teachings of religion must first be encased in the formulas of reasoning, or seen through by the under standing, instead of humbly welcomed by faith. That mistake will only confuse, darken, and cripple the soul. Each power God hath given us, to its own place, for its own office ! Thus only can we gain God s blessing, or do his will. If we put the heart where the brain belongs, we shall be children, and not men, in under standing. If we put the reason where faith belongs, we shall fail of our highest glory, miss the heavenly
THE FAITH-FACULTY. 59
peace, be ungrateful to God and to Christ, and stay ignorant of the first wisdom. Of the pure light of Heaven, gained by prayer and by doing the will, we can never have too much ; but by trying to put our
own tapers instead of it, we destroy the very temple we were exploring. The excess of candles in the illu mination of the Church of San Spirito, at Florence, consumed the building. So our pride of human opinion quenches that Holy Spirit itself, of which all sanctuaries are but the shrine. " Spiritual things are spiritually discerned." " With the heart man believeth unto right eousness." In a life so solemn and so tempted as this, we need another guide than reason. The cross of this intellectual self-renunciation will ever be to the Jews a stumbling-block, and to the Greeks foolishness ; but to them which believe, the power of God, and the wis dom of God unto salvation.
There is a servile deference paid even by Christians to incompetent judges of Christianity. They abjectly look to men of the world, to scholars, to statesmen, for testimonials to the everlasting and self-evidencing veri ties of heaven ! And if they can gather up, from the writings or speeches of these men, some patronizing notices of religion, some incidental compliment to the civilizing influence of Christianity, or to the literary beauties of the Bible, or to the aesthetic proprieties of worship, or to the moral sublimity of the character or Gospel of Christ, they forthwith proclaim these tributes as lending some great confirmation to the truth of God !
So we persist in asking, not "Is it true ? true to our souls ? " or, " Has the Lord said it ? " but, " What say the learned men, the influential men, the eloquent men ? Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed
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on him ? " Shame upon these time-serving concessions, as unmanly as they are fallacious. Go back to the hovels, rather, and take the witnessing of the illiterate souls whose hearts, waiting there in poverty, or pain, or under the shadow of some great affliction, the Lord himself hath opened ! " I thank thee, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes ! "
4. As the faculty of faith grows and strengthens by its own holy exercise, so it is lost by whatever sensual izes or materializes our life. While the spiritual energy in us becomes feeble, the world around us will grow hurt ful and react against us. Travellers say that in the countries liable to earthquakes, before the earthquake comes, some subtle influence in the air weakens the
nervous energy of the human system, and, by abating the power of resistance, predisposes the mind for terror. It is the same cause that produces the evil without us and within us. The same moral disorder infects our powers and makes nature herself our enemy, instead of our friend. Each separate deed we do bears its part. Every gross indulgence, or hour of selfish vanity, dims the sight. Darker and darker every day the chambers of the soul become. Weaker and weaker the energies for all noble, heavenly action. Grosser and more grov elling the desires. Narrower and narrower the limits of the inmost life. Character is lost. The soul dies, in trespasses and transgressions, the second death. This is the fearful retribution : not always executed speedily, but inevitably : not arbitrarily nor angrily, but because the things of the Spirit of God are and must be spiritually discerned.
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5. Hence we are responsible not only for what we do but for what we see. More than we often think, these eyes of the soul are in our power. Say what we will of the obscurities of Revelation, and the mysteries
of Providence, truly spiritual and believing men and women go on reading both, deeper and deeper, clearer and clearer, all their lives, till at last, no longer through a glass darkly, the veil taken away, they see as they are seen, know as they are known, stand face to face with the Saviour they have so long and so trustingly followed, and have " open vision for the written word." If we do not behold the constellation of splendid truths that radiate their evangelic light from the Gospel, it is because blindness is in the dim pupils of our eyes, unused or abused. Just as fast as we will let it, the day will dawn and the day-star arise in our hearts. By living out all the goodness we know, in the daily beauty of holiness, we shall behold life s grand propor tions. By walking with Christ you shall wear his like ness. Nay, for he is a living Christ, you shall have him formed within you, not only the hope, but the present possession, of glory. And because you know him spiritually, in the purity and love of his life and cross, men will also take knowledge of you, that you have been with him, and are with him now, and shall be his people forever.
6. Thus, while spiritual discernment is a power by itself, and works according to its own conditions, and is lost or deadened by its own wrongs, its results, when
it is rightly and generously unfolded, belong to the whole breadth of character, the whole range and beauty and honor of human life.
When the faith-faculty is alive and at its principled
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work, it will reach out in its supremacy into all those other parts of man, and all the real interests of society, to hallow, guide, and bless them. It will not stay con fined to the closet, nor the sanctuary, nor the Sabbath, nor the conference, nor the chamber of the heart, where it began, and where it still gets nourishment, but it will mingle itself in business and company, in bargains and visitings, in the merchant s traffic, and the student s books, and the mechanic s handicraft, and the farmer s husbandry, and the Christian woman s housekeeping, making all these to be no jmore drudg ery, but cheerful, dignified, and sacred services of re ligious love and joy.
A man s religion is not then a part of him, but is a quality of the whole of him. Having its own life-spring
and stream, it fertilizes the whole field of his being. It makes his business safer, his scholarship wiser, his manhood manlier, his joy healthier, his strength stronger. It is the crown of his enterprise and the charm of his affections, the humility of his learning and the glory of his life. Faith works by love. And because it has the sight of things not seen and eter nal, it is the splendor, the transfiguration, and the sanctity of things that are seen and temporal.
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