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Section 16.

1 Magnetic force and magnetic field


Permanent magnet Magnetic force Magnetic field
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!")

Permanent magnet
Chinese discovered "lodestone" always points in N-S magnet

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Quiz

Discussion 1

16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!6)

Permanent magnet
et n g a m y r Eve has north th u o s & e l po pole

South

North
points to Arctic
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points to Antarctic

Thinking 1
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!6)

Magnetic force

repel

N S

SN

N S

i!e poles repel


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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!6)

Magnetic force

attrac t

N S

SN

S %

"nli!e poles attract


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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!6)

Magnetic force
Arctic Arctic

Antarctic

Antarctic

N-poles point to Arctic


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#he earth is li!e magnet


Thinking 2
6

Acti it! 1

16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!&)

Magnetic force
compass $ indicates direction accurately

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!&)

Magnetic force
magnets attract

paper clips

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!')

Magnetic force

N iron rod

%ron o&'ects magneti(ed


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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!')

Magnetic force
iron gold

silver copper aluminium

Thinking "
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!')

#lass Practice 1$
#here are three metals X) Y and Z* +rom the following) determine which one is a magnet) a piece of iron) or a piece of aluminium* %i& X is attracted &y a magnet no matter which pole of the magnet is facing it* %ii& Y is attracted or repelled &y a magnet depending on the pole of the magnet* %iii& A magnet cannot attract or repel Z at all* )ns a iece of iron X is ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,* *er a magnet Y is ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,* a iece of al+mini+m Z is ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,*
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!')

Magnetic field
magnet produces magnetic field around it

magnetic field lines $ show strength & direction of the field


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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!()

Magnetic field

'()t. 16A Magnetic field of magnet

compass

S
Plotting magne ti c fi e l d lines

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!()

Magnetic field
Strength. density magnetic field strength

-irection. N S
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!()

Magnetic field

&ar magnet

iron yo!e

iron filings
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plastic &oard

iron plastic filings sla&-shaped magnet &oard


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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 11!)

Magnetic field
magnetic field patterns &ar magnet

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 11!)

Magnetic field
magnetic field patterns two &ar magnets with unli!e poles facing each other

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 11!)

Magnetic field
magnetic field patterns two &ar magnets with li!e poles facing each other neutral point resultant magnetic field / 0

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 11!)

Magnetic field
magnetic field patterns sla&-shaped magnets

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 111)

#lass Practice 2$
1. 1efer to +ig* 23*4* -raw the magnetic field lines formed in the following cases* %a& #wo &ar magnets with the north and south poles )ns facing each other *er

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 111)

#lass Practice 2$ %#ont&


1. %*& #wo &ar magnets with the north and north poles facing each other )ns *er

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 111)

#lass Practice 2$ %#ont&


1. %c& #wo sla&-shaped magnets with their north and south poles facing each other )ns *er

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 111)

#lass Practice 2$ %#ont&


2. +or a &ar magnet) the magnetic field is the strongest at its oles two ,,,,,,,,, * #he magnetic field lines are directed north )ns from ,,,,,,,,,,, 5north 6 south7 pole to *er so+th ,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5north 6 south7 pole*

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To section 16.2

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!$)

Quiz

1. %f a magnet is placed near another magnet) we find that they attract each other* 8hich of the following statements a&out the ends of the magnets facing each other is true9 ,.
)ns*e -neris so+th

ole and the other is north


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ole.

16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!$)

Quiz %#ont&

2. "Earth is a &ig magnet*" %s this statement true9 ). .r+e

)ns *er

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!$)

Quiz %#ont&

". A &ar magnet is cut into two small pieces* 8hich of the following is true9 ,. /ach of them has so+th ole and north ole.
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)ns *er
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!")

Discussion 1$

E:plain &riefly why chess pieces can &e stuc! on a chess &oard 5+ig* 5a77 and why the outside piece of a window cleaner can &e attracted to the piece inside the window 5+ig* 5&77* -iscuss with )ns your classmates*
*er

+ig* 5a7
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+ig* 5&7
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!")

Discussion 1$ %#ont&

0n a magnetic chess game1 tin2 magnets inside the chess ieces ca+se them to stic3 on the metal chess 4oard. .he t*o ieces of the *indo* cleaner are made of magnets. .herefore1 mo5ing the iece inside the *indo* can easil2 mo5e the iece o+tside and clean the o+tside of the glass *indo* in the rocess.
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!6)

Thinking 1

Must all magnets necessarily have a north )ns pole and a south pole9 6es. 7+st as an2 coin has t*o sides. Poles occ+r in air.
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+eturn to

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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!6)

+eturn to

Thinking 2

Te(t

;ow can the dum&&ell-shaped o&'ect &e held in mid-air without any supporting force as shown9 8hat is the tric!9 8e !now that inside the dum&&ell-shaped o&'ect) there is a cylindrical magnet* )ns is another magnet installed inside the .here *er 4ase. .*o magnets inside the d+m44ell8sha ed o49ect and the 4ase are of li3e oles facing each other. .herefore1 it *o+ld 4e held in mid8 air d+e to the re +lsion 4et*een the li3e oles.
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!&)

Acti it! 1 #om)ass

,et-s start$ 1. #ie each magnet in the middle with one end of a string 5+ig* 5a77*
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2. +our students stand at each corner of the classroom* Each one holds a string with a magnet*
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!&)

Acti it! 1 %#ont& #om)ass

". Ma!e sure that there are no other magnets near&y* <&serve the directions of the )ns magnets* *er )ll the magnets are aligned in the north8so+th direction. .. -raw a floor map of your classroom in +ig* 5&7 and use the a&ove method to specify the north direction*
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16.1 Magnetic force and magnetic field (SB . 1!')

Thinking "

8hy is repulsion the only way to test )ns whether a &ar is magnet9 .his is 4eca+se an iron 4ar also 4e attracted 42 a magnet. .herefore1 re +lsion is the onl2 s+re test.
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