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# Veena Tutorials Algebra Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations. Exercise 4.1 1. Which of the following are quadratic equations?

? (i) x2 x 5 = 0 (ii) y2 + 4 = 3y 1 (iii) x2 = 4x (iv) y2 + y = 0 (v) x + 7 = 0 (vi) -x+ =0 (vii) (m 1) (2m + 3) = 0 (ix) x +

(viii) p + 3 = (x) t + = t2

=1

2. Write the following equations in the form ax2 + bx + c = 0 (i) x2 3x = -1 (ii) 3 4y = y2 (iii) 4y2 = 9 (iv) t2 3t = 4 2t (v) q(2q + 1) = 0 (vi) (x + 5)(x 1) = 6 2 (vii) (2y + 3) = 0 (viii) s2( )= 0 Exercise 4.2 1. Examine whether the values given against each quadratic equation, are the solutions of that equation or not. (i) x2 4x + 3 = 0 x = 1, 2, 3 2 (ii) 2x 5x 3 = 0, x = -1, 2, 3 2 (iii) 2x = 5x, x = 0, 1, (iv) (m + 1)(m +3) = 0 m = 1, -1, 2 2 (v) P + p + 1 = 0, p = 0, -1 2. If x = 5 is the solution of kx2 14x 5 = 0, then what is the value of k? 3. One of the roots of quadratic equation 6x2 x + k = 0 is - , find k? 4. State whether k is the root of the quadratic equation x2(k6) x 6k = 0 or not.

Exercise 4.3 Solve the following quadratic equations by factorization method. 1. x2 + 6x + 5 = 0 2. x2 7x + 10 = 0 3. 3y2 14y + 8 = 0 4. 11p + 4 = 3p2 5. 2x2 = 7x + 22 6. 4x2 = 25 7. x2 = 3 8. 4x2 1 = 0 9. (2x + 5)2 = 9 10. (x + 3)2 = 25 11. x2 =0 12. 7y2 30y = 2y 16 14. x + = 12, x 0 13. q2 2(7q + 16) = 0

Exercise 4.4 Solve the quadratic equations by the perfect square method. 1. x2 6x + 4 = 0 2. y2 4y = 1 3. y2 8y + 1 = 0 4. p2 = -8p 4 5. x2 = 6x 2 6. m2 + - = 0 7. n2 + 5n + 5 = 0 8. 6x2 + x = 2 9. 7x2 + 2x 5 = 0 10. 5q2 = 2q + 2 11. 3y2 + 7y + 1 = 0 12. 5t2 4t = 2 13. 4x2 + 7 = 12x 14. 4s2 + 1 = 8s 15. t2 + 2t = t + 3 Exercise 4.5 1. Find the value of b2 4ac from each of the following quadratic equation and state whether the roots are distinct, equal or no real root. (i) x2 3x + 1 = 0 (ii) 9x2 + 6x + 1 = 0 (iii) 3m2 = m + (iv) p2 - p + 2 = 0 2. Solve the following quadratic equations by formula method. (i) x2 x 1 = 0 (ii) x2 3x = 2 (iii) y2 6y + 2 = 0 (iv) p2 4p 4 = 0 (v) x2 7x 3 = 0 (vi) m2 - m 3 = 0 (vii) 2x2 x 1 = 0 (viii) 0.3x2 0.1x 0.4 = 0 (ix) 25x2 20x + 4 = 0 (x) 2x2 + 5 x + 6 = 0

2 2

## 2. 18m4 = 7m2 + 8 4. ( - 6)2 8p2 = 0 6. 7(3x 1) + 17 = 8. (p2 + p 5) (p2 + p 4) = 6 10. 12( ) - 28 ( ) -9 = 0

=5

7. (x + x)(x + x 2) = 24 9. ( )- 7( )= -14

Exercise 4.7 1. The product of two consecutive positive numbers is 182, find the numbers. 2. The sum of the squares of two consecutive odd natural numbers is 202, find the numbers. 3. The product of Yusufs age 5 years ago with his age 9 years later is 176. Find Yusufs present age. 4. Three sides of right angled triangle are three consecutive even numbers. Find the hypotenuse. 5. The base of right angled triangle exceeds its height by 10 cm. If area of that right angled triangle is 600 cm2, find its perimeter. 6. The sum of two numbers is 15 and sum of their reciprocals is , find the numbers. 7. Find the side of a square whose diagonal is 1 meter longer than its side. 8. The denominator of a fraction exceeds its numerator by 2. If one is added to both numerator and denominator the difference between new and the original fraction is . Find the original fraction with positive denominator. 9. Three consecutive integers are such that the sum of square of smallest number and the product of other two, is 277. What are the integers? 10.A teacher wants to divide 150 bananas equally among certain number of students. If there were 25 students more, each student would have received 1 banana less, Find the number of students. 11.The length of a rectangle is twice as long as the side of a square. The side of a square is 4 cm longer than the width of the same rectangle. If their areas are equal, find their dimensions.

Problem Set 4 1. Which of the following equations are quadratic equations? (1) 4x + 1 = x2 (2) m2 - m = (3) y3 = 3y 2 = 0 (4) 2p (p 2) = p + 2p2 + 3 (5) x + = 5 (6) (y + 3) (y 2) = 7 2. State whether values given against Each quadratic equations are the solution of that equation or not. (1) x2 4x + 3 = 0 x = 1, -1, 3 2 (2) 2m = 3m, m = 0, 2 (3) (y 3) = 0 y = 3, -3 3. Which of the following quadratic equations has only one root? (1) x2 6x + 9 = 0 (2) m2 5m + =0 2 2 (3) p + 6p + 8 = 0, (4) m + 7m + 11 = 0 4. Find the value of k if x = 2 is the solution of the quadratic equation 3x2 kx 2 = 0. 5. State whether x = - is the solution of the quadratic equation 2x2 + (k 6) x 3k = 0. 6. Find m, if the quadratic equation (m + 1) x2 2 (m 1) x + 1 = 0 has only one root. 7. Find the value of c, if the equation x2 2(c + 1) x + c2 = 0 has only one root. 8. Solve the following quadratic equations by factorization method. (1) x2 16x + 63 = 0, (2) y2 5y 24 = 0 (3) 9p2 16 = 0, (5) 5x2 + 2 = 7x, (7) 9x2 + 8 = 22x, (9) 5t2 (11) 4m + + =0 = 11 (4) 25q2 = 36, (6) 6y2 + 17y + 12 = 0, (8) p2 p 110 = 0 (10) 11x + 4 = 3x2, (12) 4m2 + 9 = 24m + 22

## (13) 2p (4p 11) = 21,

(14)

9. Solve the following quadratic equation by perfect square method. (1) m2 10m + 16 = 0, (2) 3x + 2 = 2x2, (3) 9x2 4x + 2 = 0, (4) y2 7y = 0 (5) 5p2 + 4p = 2, (6) 2 (q2 + 1) = 7q (7) 10x + 3 = 5x2 (8) 9m2 + 2 = 12m (9) x2 + 4kx = 5k2 where k is some real number. (10) a2x2 + 2abx 3b2 = 0, where a and b are some real numbers a 0 10. Solve the following quadratic equations by formula method. (1) x2 4x + 1 = 0, (2) 5y2 = 4y + 2, (3) 2p2 = 5p + 1 = 0, (4) 9m2 = 4 6m, (5) 2x2- 4x + 5 = 0, (6) t2 + t - = 0 (7) 0.1x2 + 0.5x + 0.3 = 0, (8) x2 + 2 x + 3 = 0

(9) a2x2 8abx + 20b2 = 0, a and b are real numbers a 0 (10) 3a2x2 + 8abx + 4b2 = 0, a and b are real numbers a 0

11. Solve the following equations. (1) x4 29x2 + 100 = 0 (2) 7y4 25y2 + 12 = 0 (3) 6p2 + = 7, + 10 = 0, (4) 2m2 = 13 (6) 4(2x 1) + 5 = (8) + =

(5) 3(x + 2) -

## (7) (p2 + p) (p2 + p 3) = 28 (9) 2 ( (10) 9 ( (11) 30 ( (12) 12 ( )-9( )-3( ) - 77 ( ) - 56 (

) + 14 = 0 ) - 20 = 0 ) - 12 = 0 ) + 89 = 0

12. Divide 19 into two parts such that sum of their squares is 193. 13.The sum of the squares of three consecutive positive even numbers is 308, find those numbers. 14.In a cricket match Ajay took three wickets less than twice the number of wickets taken by Amar. The product of number of wickets taken by them is 20. Find the number of wickets taken by each.

## , find the numbers.

16.The sum of the ages of father and his son is 35 and the product of their ages is 150. Find their ages. 17.The sum of squares of two consecutive odd natural numbers is greater than 8 times their sum by 2. Find those numbers. 18.The length of one of the diagonals of a rhombus is greater than other by 5 cm. If its area is 36 sq. cm. find the lengths of the diagonals of the rhombus. 19. The sum of four times a number and fourteen times its reciprocal is 15. Find the number.

20.The sum of the reciprocals of two consecutive odd natural numbers those numbers.

. Find

21.The length of a rectangle is greater than twice its breadth by 1 cm. If its breadth is doubled and length is decreased by 4 cm, its area remains same. Find the dimensions of the original rectangle. 22.The radius of a circle is greater than the radius of other circle by 3 m. The sum of their areas is 89 m2. Find the radius of each circle.

## 23. The product of four consecutive natural numbers is 5040. numbers.

Find the

24. 5, 9, 11 and 27 are given numbers. Find the number x such that if it is added to the first three given numbers and its double subtracted from forth then the new four numbers will be in proportion. 25.The side of one regular hexagon is larger than that of the other regular hexagon by 1 cm. If the product of their areas is 243, then find the sides of both the regular hexagons. 26.A bus covers 300 km distance with a uniform speed. If its speed is increased by 10 km/hr, it will take 1 hr less to cover the same distance. Find the speed of the bus. 27.Two taps running together can fill a tank in 6 minutes. If one tap takes 5 minutes more than the other to fill the tank alone, find the time required for each tap to fill the tank separately.

28.The length of a rectangular field is times its breadth. Leaving 5 mt, border from all sides as a walking track, the inner rectangular field is kept reserve for playing children. If the area of track is 900 mt 2, find the length and breadth of the field. 29.An open box is to be made from a rectangular card-board of sides 35 cm and 20 cm, by cutting equal squares from each corner and then bending up the edges. If the base area of box thus formed is 250 cm2, find the length of the side of the square cut from each other.

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