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9702 forces

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10 A wooden block of mass 0.60 kg is on a rough horizontal surface. A force of 12 N is applied to the

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block and it accelerates at 4.0 m s 2.

4.0 m s2

ya

wooden block

ha

k

12 N

9.6 N

14 N

16 N

an

dr

2.4 N

Ch

aS

Sa

jit

12 A submarine descends vertically at constant velocity. The three forces acting on the submarine

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are viscous drag, upthrust and weight.

by

weight = drag

ng

ed

rra

dr

ea

14 A cylindrical block of wood has a cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in

water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom

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surfaces respectively.

an

(pb - pt)A + W

(pb - pt)

(pb - pt)A

(pb - pt)A - W

Co

m

pi

le

d

16 A horizontal force of 90 N is used to push a box across a horizontal floor. The frictional force on

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the box is 50 N.

What is the gain in kinetic energy of the box when it is moved through a distance of 6.0 m?

A

240 J

300 J

540 J

840 J

13 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are

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applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.

2.0 N

ya

50

ha

k

ruler

aS

pivot

50

an

dr

2.0 N

0.23 Nm

0.39 Nm

0.46 Nm

0.60 Nm

jit

Ch

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?

Sa

13 Which of the following pairs of forces, acting on a circular object, constitutes a couple?

C

2F

D

F

rra

ng

ed

by

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ea

2F

an

dr

15 The diagrams represent systems of coplanar forces acting at a point. The lengths of the force

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vectors represent the magnitudes of the forces.

le

d

Co

m

pi

20

40

60

80

100

Ch

an

dr

aS

ha

k

ya

14 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a knife-edge at the 40 cm mark and a string at

the 100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as

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shown in the diagram.

jit

20 g

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

96 cm

by

Sa

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

an

dr

ea

rra

ng

ed

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le

d

Which diagram best shows the direction of the total force exerted by the road on the front wheels?

Co

m

pi

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30 N

ha

k

ya

20 N

20 N

aS

30 N

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

an

resultant torque

by

Sa

jit

Ch

resultant force

dr

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

upthrust

10 000 N

rra

ng

ed

14 A balloon is acted upon by three forces, weight, upthrust and sideways force due to the wind, as

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shown in the diagram.

an

dr

ea

sideways force

500 N

le

d

weight

9000 N

pi

500 N

1000 N

10 000 N

10 500 N

Co

m

14 A steel sphere is dropped vertically onto a horizontal metal plate. The sphere hits the plate with a

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speed u, leaves it at a speed v, and rebounds vertically to half of its original height.

Which expression gives the value of v ?

u

A

1

22

1

2

1

2

1 1

2

15 A ball falls from rest through air and eventually reaches a constant velocity.

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force X

time

time

aS

ha

k

ya

force Y

dr

resultant force

air resistance

weight

upthrust

resultant force

upthrust

weight

Ch

air resistance

jit

an

force Y

by

Sa

force X

ed

rra

ng

Three forces act on the door: the weight W of the door, the tension T in the cable, and the force H

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at the hinge.

cable

door

an

dr

ea

wall

le

d

hinge

pi

Co

m

A

H,T,W

T,H,W

W,H,T

W,T,H

ya

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0.25 m

aS

F = 200 N

ha

k

0.04 m

an

dr

A force F is applied at right-angles to the spanner at a distance of 0.25 m from the centre of the

nut. When the nut is fully tightened, the applied force is 200 N.

25 N m

50 N m

800 N m

Sa

jit

8Nm

by

Ch

ng

ed

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dr

ea

rra

le

d

an

Co

m

pi

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

A

Fd

Fs

2Fd

2Fs

15 A force F is applied to a freely moving object. At one instant of time, the object has velocity v and

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acceleration a.

Which quantities must be in the same direction?

a and F only

v and F only

v, F and a

ha

k

ya

a and v only

aS

dr

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an

The following statements are about the forces acting while the ball is in contact with the ground.

Ch

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal to the weight of the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal in magnitude and opposite in

direction to the force the ground exerts on the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always less than the weight of the ball.

The weight of the ball is always equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the force that

the ground exerts on the ball.

ed

by

Sa

jit

ng

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rra

an

dr

ea

le

d

13 A long uniform beam is pivoted at one end. A force of 300 N is applied to hold the beam

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horizontally.

pi

Co

m

0.5 m

2.5 m

beam

pivot

300 N

A

300 N

480 N

600 N

960 N

13 A uniform beam of weight 50 N is 3.0 m long and is supported on a pivot situated 1.0 m from one

end. When a load of weight W is hung from that end, the beam is in equilibrium, as shown in the

diagram.

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3.0 m

ha

k

ya

1.0 m

25 N

50 N

75 N

100 N

an

dr

aS

pivot

SIGN

ng

ed

by

pole

Sa

wire

wall

jit

Ch

14 The diagram shows a sign of weight 20 N suspended from a pole, attached to a wall. The pole is

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kept in equilibrium by a wire attached at point X of the pole.

rra

The force exerted by the pole at point X is F, and the tension in the wire is 40 N.

Which diagram represents the three forces acting at point X?

ea

an

dr

Co

m

pi

le

d

40 N

20 N

40 N

20 N

F

D

40 N

20 N

F

F

20 N

40 N

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Q and R

R and S

S and P

Ch

an

P and Q

jit

dr

aS

ha

k

ya

Sa

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the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

ng

ed

by

rra

9702/01/M/J/05

dr

ea

5N

an

2m

le

d

2m

10 N

1m

Co

m

pi

3m

20 N

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

30 N m

35 N m

50 N m

90 N m

10

12 A uniform beam of weight 100 N is pivoted at P as shown. Weights of 10 N and 20 N are attached

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to its ends.

The length of the beam is marked off at 0.1 m intervals.

aS

0.1 m

0.4 m

ha

k

0.6 m

ya

dr

P

10 N

Ch

an

20 N

jit

45 N

9702/01/O/N/05

by

Sa

30 N

ed

30 N

ng

45 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

non-zero

zero

an

non-zero

ea

non-zero

resultant torque

dr

rra

resultant force

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non-zero

zero

le

d

zero

zero

pi

9702/01/M/J/06

Co

m

According to Newtons third law of motion, what is equal and opposite to the backward push of

the back wheel on the road?

A

11

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B

jit

Ch

an

dr

aS

ha

k

ya

60

ng

8.0 N

8.0 N

0.60 m

ed

60

by

Sa

13 Two 8.0 N forces act at each end of a beam of length 0.60 m. The forces are parallel and act in

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opposite directions. The angle between the forces and the beam is 60 .

2.4 N m

4.2 N m

4.8 N m

9.6 N m

ea

rra

4.0 m s2

block

le

d

an

dr

10 A block of mass 0.60 kg is on a rough horizontal surface. A force of 12 N is applied to the block

and it accelerates at 4.0 m s 2.

9702/01/O/N/07

pi

12 N

Co

m

2.4 N

5.3 N

6.7 N

9.6 N

12

14 A force F is applied to a beam at a distance d from a pivot. The force acts at an angle to a line

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perpendicular to the beam.

F

ha

k

ya

pivot

large

large

large

large

large

small

small

small

large

small

large

small

dr

an

jit

Ch

aS

Which combination will cause the largest turning effect about the pivot?

by

ed

0.8 m

Sa

0.8 m

300 N

ng

200 N

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rra

Weights are hung from two points of the bar as shown in the diagram. To maintain horizontal

equilibrium, a couple is applied to the bar.

ea

40 N m clockwise

40 N m anticlockwise

80 N m clockwise

80 N m anticlockwise

le

d

an

dr

pi

12 A ball is falling at terminal speed in still air. The forces acting on the ball are upthrust, viscous

drag and weight.

9702/01/M/J/08

Co

m

A

13

14 A rigid circular disc of radius r has its centre at X. A number of forces of equal magnitude F act at

the edge of the disc. All the forces are in the plane of the disc.

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Which arrangement of forces provides a moment of magnitude 2Fr about X?

ya

ha

k

aS

an

dr

jit

Ch

Sa

X

F

by

ed

ng

15 Three coplanar forces, each of magnitude 10 N, act through the same point of a body in the

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directions shown.

rra

10 N

10 N

le

d

an

dr

ea

30o 30o

10 N

pi

0N

Co

m

1.3 N

7.3 N

10 N

A supermarket trolley, total mass 30 kg, is moving at 3.0 m s1. A retarding force of 60 N is applied

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to the trolley for 0.50 s in the opposite direction to the trolleys initial velocity.

What is the trolleys new velocity after the application of the force?

A

1.0 m s1

1.5 m s1

2.0 m s1

2.8 m s1

14

ha

k

ya

9702/01/O/N/07

jit

Ch

an

dr

aS

Which diagram best shows the direction of the total force exerted by the road on the front

wheels?

Sa

ng

ed

by

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P and Q

Q and R

R and S

S and P

an

dr

ea

rra

14 The diagram shows a plan view of a door which requires a moment of 12 N m to open it.

le

d

9702/01/O/N/07

door

wall

Co

m

pi

wall

0.80 m

hinge

What is the minimum force that must be applied at the doors midpoint to ensure it opens?

4.8 N

9.6 N

15 N

30 N

15

ya

11 A car of mass 750 kg has a horizontal driving force of 2.0 kN acting on it. It has a forward

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horizontal acceleration of 2.0 m s2.

resistive force

ha

k

driving force

0.5 kN

1.5 kN

2.0 kN

3.5 kN

dr

aS

an

13 Two rigid rods, XZ and YZ, are fixed to a vertical wall at points X and Y.

Ch

The load is not moving.

jit

Sa

by

load

ed

rra

ng

force in XZ

force in YZ

force in YZ

Co

m

pi

le

d

an

dr

ea

force in XZ

force in XZ

force in YZ

force in XZ

force in YZ

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16

14 A uniform ladder rests against a vertical wall where there is negligible friction. The bottom of the

ladder rests on rough ground where there is friction. The top of the ladder is at a height h above

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the ground and the foot of the ladder is at a distance 2a from the wall.

The diagram shows the forces which act on the ladder.

ha

k

ya

aS

ladder

dr

W a + 2W a = F h

Fa + Wa

W a 2W a = 2F h

by

= 2W a

ed

Wa + Fh

Sa

Ch

jit

an

= Fh

ng

16 A positive charge experiences a force F when placed at point X in a uniform electric field.

9702/01/M/J/08

rra

ea

dr

an

le

d

pi

Co

m

uniform

electric

field

F

s

A

decreases by Fs

increases by Fs

decreases by Fr

increases by Fr

17

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sea

water

ya

steel

aS

ha

k

air

dr

The air in the submarine is less dense than sea water.

The sea water exerts a greater upward force on the submarine than the weight of the steel.

There is a difference in water pressure acting on the top and bottom of the submarine.

Sa

jit

Ch

an

smooth

pulley

ng

8.0 kg

rra

rough surface

ed

box

by

11 A box of mass 8.0 kg rests on a horizontal, rough surface. A string attached to the box passes

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over a smooth pulley and supports a 2.0 kg mass at its other end.

ea

2.0 kg

dr

1.4 m s2

1.7 m s2

2.0 m s2

2.5 m s2

le

d

an

pi

12 An object, made from two equal masses joined by a light rod, falls with uniform speed through air.

Co

m

Which statement about the equilibrium of the system is correct?

A

9702/01/M/J/09

18

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The following statements are about the forces acting while the ball is in contact with the ground.

Which statement is correct?

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal to the weight of the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal in magnitude and opposite in

direction to the force the ground exerts on the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always less than the weight of the ball.

The weight of the ball is always equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the force that

the ground exerts on the ball.

dr

aS

ha

k

ya

Ch

an

12 A wooden block rests on a rough board. The end of the board is then raised until the block slides

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down the plane of the board at constant velocity v.

block

board

by

Sa

jit

up the plane

up the plane

ng

zero

ea

rra

ed

Which row describes the forces acting on the block when sliding with constant velocity?

dr

zero

le

d

an

2F

F

Co

m

pi

9702/01/O/N/08

2F

F

19

11 The diagram represents a sphere under water. P, Q, R, and S are forces acting on the sphere,

due to the pressure of the water.

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water surface

ha

k

aS

ya

an

dr

Ch

Each force acts perpendicularly to the spheres surface. P and R act in opposite directions

vertically. Q and S act in opposite directions horizontally.

Which information about the magnitudes of the forces is correct?

P>R ; S=Q

P=R ; S=Q

P=R= S=Q

Sa

by

jit

P<R ; S=Q

ed

1.20 m

F

ea

rra

ng

13 A spindle is attached at one end to the centre of a lever 1.20 m long and at its other end to the

centre of a disc of radius 0.20 m. A cord is wrapped round the disc, passes over a pulley and is

9702/01/M/J/09

attached to a 900 N weight.

0.20 m

lever

disc

an

dr

spindle

le

d

pulley

Co

m

pi

cord

900 N

What is the minimum force F, applied to each end of the lever, that could lift the weight?

A

75 N

150 N

300 N

950 N

20

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the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

ha

k

ya

R2

R1

T2

T1

Sa

jit

Ch

T1

T2

an

nail

dr

nail

aS

9702/11/O/N/09

by

diagram 1

diagram 2

ng

ed

In both cases, a string is attached to the same points on the picture and looped symmetrically

over a nail in a wall. The forces shown are those that act on the nail.

rra

Which information about the magnitude of the forces is correct?

R1 = R2

T1 = T2

R1 = R2

T1 > T2

R1 > R2

R1 < R2

dr

ea

T1 < T2

an

T1 = T2

le

d

pi

The density of the body differs from that of the liquid.

Co

m

9702/12/M/J/10

21

9702/12/O/N/09

the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

ha

k

ya

R2

nail

R1

T2

an

T1

Sa

jit

Ch

T1

T2

dr

nail

aS

9702/12/O/N/09

diagram 1

diagram 2

ed

by

In both cases, a string is attached to the same points on the picture and looped symmetrically

over a nail in a wall. The forces shown are those that act on the nail.

In diagram 1, the string loop is shorter than in diagram 2.

T1 = T2

R1 = R2

T1 > T2

R1 > R2

T1 < T2

R1 < R2

T1 = T2

rra

R1 = R2

dr

ea

ng

le

d

an

11 A brick weighing 20 N rests on an inclined plane. The weight of the brick has a component of 10 N

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parallel with the plane. The brick also experiences a frictional force of 4 N.

pi

4N

Co

m

10 N

What is the acceleration of the brick down the plane? Assume that the acceleration of free fall g is

equal to 10 m s2.

0.3 m s2

0.8 m s2

3.0 m s2

8.0 m s2

22

14 A brick weighing 20 N rests on an inclined plane. The weight of the brick has a component of 10 N

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parallel with the plane. The brick also experiences a frictional force of 4 N.

4N

ha

k

ya

10 N

0.8 m s2

3.0 m s2

8.0 m s2

dr

0.3 m s2

an

aS

What is the acceleration of the brick down the plane? Assume that the acceleration of free fall g is

equal to 10 m s2.

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Ch

What is the physical reason for this upthrust?

The density of the body differs from that of the liquid.

ed

by

Sa

jit

ng

ea

5N

an

dr

2m

rra

9702/11/O/N/10

2m

10 N

1m

le

d

3m

pi

15 N

Co

m

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

A

15 N m

20 N m

35 N m

75 N m

23

9702/11/O/N/10

dr

aS

ha

k

ya

an

Fd

Fs

2F d

2F s

jit

Ch

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

by

Sa

ed

cable

rra

ng

wall

ea

metal rod

P

lamp

Co

m

pi

le

d

an

dr

9702/11/O/N/10

24

11 The diagram shows a rope bridge that a student makes on an adventure training course. The

9702/12/O/N/10

student has a weight W.

dr

aS

ha

k

ya

W

2 cos

T=

W

2 sin

T=

W

cos

T= W

sin

an

T=

Ch

9702/12/O/N/10

ed

by

Sa

jit

ng

0.04 m

0.25 m

rra

F = 200 N

ea

A force F is applied at right-angles to the spanner at a distance of 0.25 m from the centre of the

nut. When the nut is fully tightened, the applied force is 200 N.

8Nm

an

dr

42 N m

50 N m

1250 N m

le

d

15 The diagrams all show a pair of equal forces acting on a metre rule.

pi

Which diagram shows forces that provide a couple and zero resultant force?

Co

m

25

9702/13/O/N/10

cable

ya

wall

metal rod

ha

k

aS

lamp

9702/13/O/N/10

Sa

jit

Ch

an

dr

ng

ed

by

rra

ea

30 N

an

dr

20 N

le

d

20 N

30 N

pi

Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

resultant torque

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

Co

m

resultant force

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26

9702/13/O/N/10

P

5N

ha

k

ya

2m

2m

aS

10 N

dr

1m

3m

an

15 N

Ch

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

C

20 N m

35 N m

75 N m

jit

15 N m

Sa

by

9702/11/M/J/11

ed

ng

T1

rra

cable

dr

ea

T2

an

weight W

le

d

cable car

B

Co

m

pi

T2

T1

T2

T2

T1

T2

T1

T1

27

16 A uniform rod XY of weight 10.0 N is freely hinged to a wall at X. It is held horizontal by a force F

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acting from Y at an angle of 30 to the horizontal, as shown.

ya

60

an

8.7 N

10.0 N

20.0 N

jit

Ch

5.0 N

dr

10.0 N

aS

30

ha

k

wall

Sa

9702/11/O/N/11

ed

by

rra

ng

rough

wall

ea

rough ground

dr

Its weight W acts through the centre of gravity G. Forces also act on the ladder at P and at Q.

These forces are P and Q respectively.

le

d

an

Co

m

pi

D

P

28

40

60

80

100

ha

k

20

dr

aS

ya

13 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the

100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in

9702/11/M/J/11

the diagram.

an

20 g

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

64 cm

jit

Ch

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

Sa

9702/13/M/J/11

by

ed

T1

ng

cable

dr

ea

rra

T2

weight W

an

cable car

le

d

B

Co

m

pi

T2

T1

T2

T2

T1

T2

T1

T1

29

17 The diagram shows two fixed pins, Y and Z. A length of elastic is stretched between Y and Z and

9702/12/M/J/11

around pin X, which is attached to a trolley.

Y

80 mm

aS

trolley

an

dr

30 mm

ha

k

ya

50 mm

Ch

X is at the centre of the elastic and the trolley is to be propelled in the direction P at right angles

to YZ. The tension in the elastic is 4 N.

2.4 N

3.2 N

4.8 N

6.4 N

Sa

jit

What is the force accelerating the trolley in the direction P when the trolley is released?

20 N

dr

ea

rra

ng

ed

30 N

by

20 N

30 N

an

Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

A

B

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

pi

resultant torque

le

d

resultant force

Co

m

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

9702/13/M/J/11

30

40

60

80

100

ha

k

20

dr

aS

ya

12 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the

100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in

the diagram.

9702/13/M/J/11

an

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

B

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

64 cm

Ch

Sa

jit

9702/13/O/N/10

ed

by

ea

rra

ng

dr

Fd

Fs

2F d

2F s

le

d

an

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

pi

13 Two co-planar forces act on the rim of a wheel. The forces are equal in magnitude.

Co

m

A

9702/12/O/N/11

31

14 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are

applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.

9702/11/O/N/11

2.0 N

50

ha

k

ya

ruler

aS

pivot

50

dr

2.0 N

0.23 N m

0.39 N m

0.46 N m

9702/11/O/N/11

10 11

12 13 14

15

peg

by

Sa

0.60 N m

jit

1

Ch

an

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?

ed

one ring

pivot

ng

two rings

rra

The wooden rod is uniform and all the rings are of equal mass. Two rings are hung on peg

13 and one on peg 1.

dr

ea

On which hook must a fourth ring be hung in order to balance the rod?

an

le

d

cab

trailer

Co

m

pi

30 kN

10 m

10 m

A

3 kN

9702/12/O/N/11

15 kN

30 kN

60 kN

32

9702/12/O/N/11

ya

aS

ha

k

dr

ed

10 11

12 13 14

15

peg

ng

9702/13/O/N/11

by

Sa

jit

Ch

an

rra

one ring

pivot

ea

two rings

dr

The wooden rod is uniform and all the rings are of equal mass. Two rings are hung on peg

13 and one on peg 1.

le

d

an

On which hook must a fourth ring be hung in order to balance the rod?

D

Co

m

pi

13 A cylindrical block of wood has cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in

water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom

surfaces respectively.

9702/11/M/J/12

Which expression is equal to the upthrust on the block?

A

(pb pt)A + W

(pb pt)

(pb pt)A

(pb pt)A W

33

9702/13/O/N/11

ha

k

ya

rough

wall

aS

Q

rough ground

an

dr

Its weight W acts through the centre of gravity G. Forces also act on the ladder at P and at Q.

These forces are P and Q respectively.

Ch

C

B

P

rra

ng

ed

by

Sa

jit

D

P

dr

ea

15 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are

9702/13/O/N/11

applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.

le

d

an

2.0 N

50

ruler

Co

m

pi

pivot

50

2.0 N

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?

A

0.23 N m

0.39 N m

0.46 N m

0.60 N m

34

12 The diagram shows a barrel suspended from a frictionless pulley on a building. The rope

supporting the barrel goes over the pulley and is secured to a stake at the bottom of the building.

9702/11/M/J/12

ha

k

ya

barrel

120 kg

man

80 kg

dr

aS

18 m

an

stake

jit

Ch

A man stands close to the stake. The bottom of the barrel is 18 m above the mans head. The

mass of the barrel is 120 kg and the mass of the man is 80 kg.

Sa

The man keeps hold of the rope after untying it from the stake and is lifted upwards as the barrel

falls.

6 m s1

8 m s1

13 m s1

ed

by

What is the mans upward speed when his head is level with the bottom of the barrel? (Use

g = 10 m s2.)

19 m s1

ea

rra

ng

14 A car of mass m travels at constant speed up a slope at an angle to the horizontal, as shown in

the diagram. Air resistance and friction provide a resistive force F.

9702/11/M/J/12

an

dr

resistive force F

mg cos

mg sin

pi

le

d

mg cos + F

mg sin + F

Co

m

35

9702/11/M/J/12

R

y

ya

ha

k

aS

A mass provides a balancing load W. The position of the load is such that the system is perfectly

balanced with Wx = Ly. The ground provides a reaction force R. The distance x does not change.

an

dr

If the load is moved further out so that the distance y increases and the crane does not topple,

which statement is correct?

Sa

jit

Ch

by

ed

an

dr

ea

rra

support column towards the right.

ng

support column towards the left.

le

d

Co

m

pi

36

13 A box of mass 8.0 kg rests on a horizontal, rough surface. A string attached to the box passes

over a smooth pulley and supports a 2.0 kg mass at its other end.

9702/12/M/J/12

aS

2.0 kg

dr

1.7 m s2

2.0 m s2

2.5 m s2

Ch

1.4 m s2

an

A

ha

k

smooth

pulley

8.0 kg

rough surface

ya

box

jit

14 A ladder is positioned on icy (frictionless) ground and is leant against a rough wall. At the instant

of release it begins to slide.

9702/12/M/J/12

by

Sa

Which diagram correctly shows the directions of the forces P, W and R acting on the ladder as it

begins to slide?

ng

ladder

ed

wall

B

P

ladder

wall

rra

ea

W

ground

le

d

an

dr

ground

D

P

P

ladder

Co

m

ladder

wall

pi

wall

R

W

ground

ground

37

15 The diagram shows a solid cube with weight W and sides of length L. It is supported by a

frictionless spindle that passes through the centres of two opposite vertical faces. One of these

faces is shaded.

9702/12/M/J/12

dr

L

to the right of its original position.

4

Ch

an

aS

ha

k

ya

Sa

jit

L

4

WL

clockwise

2

WL

anticlockwise

4

WL

clockwise

4

ed

WL

anticlockwise

2

an

dr

ea

rra

ng

by

When viewing the shaded face, what is the torque of the couple that will now be needed to stop

the cube from toppling?

17 Initially, four identical uniform blocks, each of mass m and thickness h, are spread on a table.

Co

m

pi

le

d

9702/12/M/J/12

How much work is done on the blocks in stacking them on top of one another?

A

3 mgh

6 mgh

8 mgh

10 mgh

38

9702/12/M/J/12

Which graph represents the variation with time t of the acceleration a of the sphere?

A

B

a

0

0

dr

an

0

0

jit

Ch

aS

0

0

ha

k

ya

0

0

Sa

9702/13/M/J/12

ed

by

ea

rra

ng

pi

le

d

an

dr

12 Two similar spheres, each of mass m and travelling with speed v, are moving towards each other.

Co

m

Which statement is correct?

A

9702/13/M/J/12

39

9702/13/M/J/12

R

y

ya

ha

k

aS

A mass provides a balancing load W. The position of the load is such that the system is perfectly

balanced with Wx = Ly. The ground provides a reaction force R. The distance x does not change.

an

dr

If the load is moved further out so that the distance y increases and the crane does not topple,

which statement is correct?

Sa

jit

Ch

by

ed

an

dr

ea

rra

support column towards the right.

ng

support column towards the left.

le

d

Co

m

pi

40

14 A cylindrical block of wood has cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in

water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom

surfaces respectively.

9702/13/M/J/12

Which expression is equal to the upthrust on the block?

(pb pt)

(pb pt)A

(pb pt)A W

ha

k

ya

(pb pt)A + W

aS

Ch

an

dr

15 A car of mass m travels at constant speed up a slope at an angle to the horizontal, as shown in

the diagram. Air resistance and friction provide a resistive force F.

9702/13/M/J/12

jit

resistive force F

Sa

by

mg sin

mg cos + F

mg sin + F

ng

rra

ed

mg cos

Co

m

pi

le

d

an

dr

ea

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