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# 1

10 A wooden block of mass 0.60 kg is on a rough horizontal surface. A force of 12 N is applied to the
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block and it accelerates at 4.0 m s 2.
4.0 m s2

ya

wooden block

ha
k

12 N

9.6 N

14 N

16 N

an

dr

2.4 N

Ch

aS

## What is the magnitude of the frictional force acting on the block?

Sa

jit

12 A submarine descends vertically at constant velocity. The three forces acting on the submarine
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are viscous drag, upthrust and weight.

by

weight = drag

ng

ed

## weight < drag

rra

dr

ea

14 A cylindrical block of wood has a cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in
water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom
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surfaces respectively.

an

## Which of the following expressions is equal to the upthrust on the block?

(pb - pt)A + W

(pb - pt)

(pb - pt)A

(pb - pt)A - W

Co
m

pi

le
d

16 A horizontal force of 90 N is used to push a box across a horizontal floor. The frictional force on
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the box is 50 N.
What is the gain in kinetic energy of the box when it is moved through a distance of 6.0 m?
A

240 J

300 J

540 J

840 J

13 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are
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applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.
2.0 N

ya

50

ha
k

ruler

aS

pivot
50

an

dr

2.0 N

0.23 Nm

0.39 Nm

0.46 Nm

0.60 Nm

jit

Ch

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?

Sa

13 Which of the following pairs of forces, acting on a circular object, constitutes a couple?
C

2F

D
F

rra

ng

ed

by

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ea

2F

an

dr

15 The diagrams represent systems of coplanar forces acting at a point. The lengths of the force
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vectors represent the magnitudes of the forces.

le
d

## Which system of forces is in equilibrium?

Co
m

pi

20

40

60

80

100

Ch

an

dr

aS

ha
k

ya

14 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a knife-edge at the 40 cm mark and a string at
the 100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as
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shown in the diagram.

jit

20 g

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

96 cm

by

Sa

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

## 11 A car with front-wheel drive accelerates in the direction shown.

an

dr

ea

rra

ng

ed

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le
d

Which diagram best shows the direction of the total force exerted by the road on the front wheels?

Co
m

pi

## 13 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

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30 N

ha
k

ya

20 N

20 N

aS

30 N

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

an

resultant torque

by

Sa

jit

Ch

resultant force

dr

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

upthrust
10 000 N

rra

ng

ed

14 A balloon is acted upon by three forces, weight, upthrust and sideways force due to the wind, as
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shown in the diagram.

an

dr

ea

sideways force
500 N

le
d

weight
9000 N

pi

## What is the vertical component of the resultant force on the balloon?

500 N

1000 N

10 000 N

10 500 N

Co
m

14 A steel sphere is dropped vertically onto a horizontal metal plate. The sphere hits the plate with a
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speed u, leaves it at a speed v, and rebounds vertically to half of its original height.
Which expression gives the value of v ?
u
A

1
22

1
2

1
2

1 1
2

15 A ball falls from rest through air and eventually reaches a constant velocity.

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force X

time

time

aS

ha
k

ya

force Y

dr

resultant force

air resistance

weight

upthrust

resultant force

upthrust

weight

Ch

air resistance

jit

an

force Y

by

Sa

force X

ed

## 16 A hinged door is held closed in the horizontal position by a cable.

rra

ng

Three forces act on the door: the weight W of the door, the tension T in the cable, and the force H
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at the hinge.

cable

door

an

dr

ea

wall

le
d

hinge

pi

Co
m

A

H,T,W

T,H,W

W,H,T

W,T,H

## 13 A spanner is used to tighten a nut as shown.

ya

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0.25 m

aS

F = 200 N

ha
k

0.04 m

an

dr

A force F is applied at right-angles to the spanner at a distance of 0.25 m from the centre of the
nut. When the nut is fully tightened, the applied force is 200 N.

25 N m

50 N m

800 N m

Sa

jit

8Nm

by

Ch

## 14 Two parallel forces, each of magnitude F, act on a body as shown.

ng

ed

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dr

ea

rra

le
d

an

Co
m

pi

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?
A

Fd

Fs

2Fd

2Fs

15 A force F is applied to a freely moving object. At one instant of time, the object has velocity v and
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acceleration a.
Which quantities must be in the same direction?

a and F only

v and F only

v, F and a

ha
k

ya

a and v only

aS

## 10 A ball falls vertically and bounces on the ground.

dr

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an

The following statements are about the forces acting while the ball is in contact with the ground.

Ch

## Which statement is correct?

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal to the weight of the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal in magnitude and opposite in
direction to the force the ground exerts on the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always less than the weight of the ball.

The weight of the ball is always equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the force that
the ground exerts on the ball.

ed

by

Sa

jit

ng

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rra

## The value of g in the liquid increases with depth.

an

dr

ea

le
d

13 A long uniform beam is pivoted at one end. A force of 300 N is applied to hold the beam
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horizontally.

pi
Co
m

0.5 m

2.5 m

beam

pivot

300 N

## What is the weight of the beam?

A

300 N

480 N

600 N

960 N

13 A uniform beam of weight 50 N is 3.0 m long and is supported on a pivot situated 1.0 m from one
end. When a load of weight W is hung from that end, the beam is in equilibrium, as shown in the
diagram.
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3.0 m

ha
k

ya

1.0 m

## What is the value of W ?

25 N

50 N

75 N

100 N

an

dr

aS

pivot

SIGN

ng

ed

by

pole

Sa

wire
wall

jit

Ch

14 The diagram shows a sign of weight 20 N suspended from a pole, attached to a wall. The pole is
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kept in equilibrium by a wire attached at point X of the pole.

rra

The force exerted by the pole at point X is F, and the tension in the wire is 40 N.
Which diagram represents the three forces acting at point X?

ea

an

dr

Co
m

pi

le
d

40 N

20 N

40 N
20 N
F

D
40 N

20 N
F

F
20 N

40 N

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Q and R

R and S

S and P

Ch

an

P and Q

jit

dr

aS

ha
k

ya

Sa

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## the point about which the total torque is zero

the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

ng

ed

by

rra

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dr

ea

5N

an

2m

le
d

2m
10 N
1m

Co
m

pi

3m
20 N

## Three forces act on the lever arm, as shown in the diagram.

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?

30 N m

35 N m

50 N m

90 N m

10

12 A uniform beam of weight 100 N is pivoted at P as shown. Weights of 10 N and 20 N are attached
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to its ends.
The length of the beam is marked off at 0.1 m intervals.

aS

0.1 m

0.4 m

ha
k

0.6 m

ya

dr

P
10 N

Ch

## 13 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

an

20 N

jit

45 N

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by

Sa

30 N

ed

30 N

ng

45 N

Which of the following describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

non-zero

zero

an

non-zero

ea

non-zero

resultant torque

dr

rra

resultant force

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non-zero
zero

le
d

zero

zero

pi

## 10 A cyclist is riding at a steady speed on a level road.

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Co
m

According to Newtons third law of motion, what is equal and opposite to the backward push of
the back wheel on the road?
A

11

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## In which diagram is the body in equilibrium?

B

jit

Ch

an

dr

aS

ha
k

ya

60

ng

8.0 N

8.0 N

0.60 m

ed

60

by

Sa

13 Two 8.0 N forces act at each end of a beam of length 0.60 m. The forces are parallel and act in
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opposite directions. The angle between the forces and the beam is 60 .

2.4 N m

4.2 N m

4.8 N m

9.6 N m

ea

rra

## What is the torque of the couple exerted on the beam?

4.0 m s2

block

le
d

an

dr

10 A block of mass 0.60 kg is on a rough horizontal surface. A force of 12 N is applied to the block
and it accelerates at 4.0 m s 2.
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pi

12 N

Co
m

## What is the magnitude of the frictional force acting on the block?

2.4 N

5.3 N

6.7 N

9.6 N

12

14 A force F is applied to a beam at a distance d from a pivot. The force acts at an angle to a line
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perpendicular to the beam.
F

ha
k

ya

pivot

large

large

large

large

large

small

small

small

large

small

large

small

dr

an

jit

Ch

aS

Which combination will cause the largest turning effect about the pivot?

by

ed

0.8 m

Sa

## 15 A rigid uniform bar of length 2.4 m is pivoted horizontally at its mid-point.

0.8 m

300 N

ng

200 N

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rra

Weights are hung from two points of the bar as shown in the diagram. To maintain horizontal
equilibrium, a couple is applied to the bar.

ea

## What is the torque and direction of this couple?

40 N m clockwise

40 N m anticlockwise

80 N m clockwise

80 N m anticlockwise

le
d

an

dr

pi

12 A ball is falling at terminal speed in still air. The forces acting on the ball are upthrust, viscous
drag and weight.
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Co
m

A

## weight upthrust viscous drag

13

14 A rigid circular disc of radius r has its centre at X. A number of forces of equal magnitude F act at
the edge of the disc. All the forces are in the plane of the disc.
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Which arrangement of forces provides a moment of magnitude 2Fr about X?

ya

ha
k

aS

an

dr

jit

Ch

Sa

X
F

by

ed

ng

15 Three coplanar forces, each of magnitude 10 N, act through the same point of a body in the
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directions shown.

rra

10 N

10 N

le
d

an

dr

ea

30o 30o

10 N

pi

## What is the magnitude of the resultant force?

0N

Co
m

1.3 N

7.3 N

10 N

A supermarket trolley, total mass 30 kg, is moving at 3.0 m s1. A retarding force of 60 N is applied
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to the trolley for 0.50 s in the opposite direction to the trolleys initial velocity.
What is the trolleys new velocity after the application of the force?
A

1.0 m s1

1.5 m s1

2.0 m s1

2.8 m s1

14

## 11 A car with front-wheel drive accelerates in the direction shown.

ha
k

ya

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jit

Ch

an

dr

aS

Which diagram best shows the direction of the total force exerted by the road on the front
wheels?

Sa

## 13 Which two vector diagrams represent forces in equilibrium?

ng

ed

by

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P and Q

Q and R

R and S

S and P

an

dr

ea

rra

14 The diagram shows a plan view of a door which requires a moment of 12 N m to open it.

le
d

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door
wall

Co
m

pi

wall

0.80 m

hinge

What is the minimum force that must be applied at the doors midpoint to ensure it opens?

4.8 N

9.6 N

15 N

30 N

15

ya

11 A car of mass 750 kg has a horizontal driving force of 2.0 kN acting on it. It has a forward
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horizontal acceleration of 2.0 m s2.

resistive force

ha
k

driving force

0.5 kN

1.5 kN

2.0 kN

3.5 kN

dr

aS

## What is the resistive force acting horizontally?

an

13 Two rigid rods, XZ and YZ, are fixed to a vertical wall at points X and Y.

Ch

## A load of weight W is hung from point Z.

The load is not moving.

jit

Sa

by

ed

rra

ng

## Which diagram shows the forces acting at point Z?

force in XZ

force in YZ

force in YZ

Co
m

pi

le
d

an

dr

ea

force in XZ

force in XZ

force in YZ

force in XZ

force in YZ

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16

14 A uniform ladder rests against a vertical wall where there is negligible friction. The bottom of the
ladder rests on rough ground where there is friction. The top of the ladder is at a height h above
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the ground and the foot of the ladder is at a distance 2a from the wall.
The diagram shows the forces which act on the ladder.

ha
k

ya

aS

dr

## Which equation is formed by taking moments?

W a + 2W a = F h

Fa + Wa

W a 2W a = 2F h

by

= 2W a

ed

Wa + Fh

Sa

Ch

jit

an

= Fh

ng

16 A positive charge experiences a force F when placed at point X in a uniform electric field.
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rra

ea

dr

an
le
d
pi
Co
m

uniform
electric
field

F
s

A

decreases by Fs

increases by Fs

decreases by Fr

increases by Fr

17

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sea
water

ya

steel

aS

ha
k

air

dr

## What causes the upthrust on the submarine?

The air in the submarine is less dense than sea water.

The sea water exerts a greater upward force on the submarine than the weight of the steel.

## The submarine displaces its own volume of sea water.

There is a difference in water pressure acting on the top and bottom of the submarine.

Sa

jit

Ch

an

smooth
pulley

ng

8.0 kg

rra

rough surface

ed

box

by

11 A box of mass 8.0 kg rests on a horizontal, rough surface. A string attached to the box passes
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over a smooth pulley and supports a 2.0 kg mass at its other end.

ea

2.0 kg

dr

1.4 m s2

1.7 m s2

2.0 m s2

2.5 m s2

le
d

an

## What is the acceleration of the box?

pi

12 An object, made from two equal masses joined by a light rod, falls with uniform speed through air.

Co
m

## The rod remains horizontal.

Which statement about the equilibrium of the system is correct?
A

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18

## A ball falls vertically and bounces on the ground.

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The following statements are about the forces acting while the ball is in contact with the ground.
Which statement is correct?
The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal to the weight of the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal in magnitude and opposite in
direction to the force the ground exerts on the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always less than the weight of the ball.

The weight of the ball is always equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the force that
the ground exerts on the ball.

dr

aS

ha
k

ya

Ch

an

12 A wooden block rests on a rough board. The end of the board is then raised until the block slides
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down the plane of the board at constant velocity v.
block

board

by

Sa

jit

up the plane

up the plane

ng

zero

## down the plane

ea

rra

ed

Which row describes the forces acting on the block when sliding with constant velocity?

dr

zero

le
d

an

## 14 Which pair of forces acts as a couple on the circular object?

2F
F

Co
m

pi

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2F
F

19

11 The diagram represents a sphere under water. P, Q, R, and S are forces acting on the sphere,
due to the pressure of the water.
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water surface

ha
k

aS

ya

an

dr

Ch

Each force acts perpendicularly to the spheres surface. P and R act in opposite directions
vertically. Q and S act in opposite directions horizontally.
Which information about the magnitudes of the forces is correct?

P>R ; S=Q
P=R ; S=Q

P=R= S=Q

Sa

by

jit

P<R ; S=Q

ed

1.20 m
F

ea

rra

ng

13 A spindle is attached at one end to the centre of a lever 1.20 m long and at its other end to the
centre of a disc of radius 0.20 m. A cord is wrapped round the disc, passes over a pulley and is
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attached to a 900 N weight.

0.20 m

lever

disc

an

dr

spindle

le
d

pulley

Co
m

pi

cord

900 N

What is the minimum force F, applied to each end of the lever, that could lift the weight?
A

75 N

150 N

300 N

950 N

20

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## the point about which the total torque is zero

the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

ha
k

ya

## 12 The diagrams show two ways of hanging the same picture.

R2

R1

T2

T1

Sa

jit

Ch

T1

T2

an

nail

dr

nail

aS

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by

diagram 1

diagram 2

ng

ed

In both cases, a string is attached to the same points on the picture and looped symmetrically
over a nail in a wall. The forces shown are those that act on the nail.

rra

## In diagram 1, the string loop is shorter than in diagram 2.

Which information about the magnitude of the forces is correct?
R1 = R2

T1 = T2

R1 = R2

T1 > T2

R1 > R2

R1 < R2

dr

ea

T1 < T2

an

T1 = T2

le
d

pi

## What is the physical reason for this upthrust?

The density of the body differs from that of the liquid.

Co
m

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21

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## the point about which the total torque is zero

the point at which the weight of the object may be considered to act

ha
k

ya

## 11 The diagrams show two ways of hanging the same picture.

R2

nail
R1

T2

an

T1

Sa

jit

Ch

T1

T2

dr

nail

aS

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diagram 1

diagram 2

ed

by

In both cases, a string is attached to the same points on the picture and looped symmetrically
over a nail in a wall. The forces shown are those that act on the nail.
In diagram 1, the string loop is shorter than in diagram 2.

T1 = T2

R1 = R2

T1 > T2

R1 > R2

T1 < T2

R1 < R2

T1 = T2

rra

R1 = R2

dr

ea

ng

## Which information about the magnitude of the forces is correct?

le
d

an

11 A brick weighing 20 N rests on an inclined plane. The weight of the brick has a component of 10 N
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parallel with the plane. The brick also experiences a frictional force of 4 N.

pi

4N

Co
m

10 N

What is the acceleration of the brick down the plane? Assume that the acceleration of free fall g is
equal to 10 m s2.

0.3 m s2

0.8 m s2

3.0 m s2

8.0 m s2

22

14 A brick weighing 20 N rests on an inclined plane. The weight of the brick has a component of 10 N
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parallel with the plane. The brick also experiences a frictional force of 4 N.
4N

ha
k

ya

10 N

0.8 m s2

3.0 m s2

8.0 m s2

dr

0.3 m s2

an

aS

What is the acceleration of the brick down the plane? Assume that the acceleration of free fall g is
equal to 10 m s2.

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Ch

## 10 An object, immersed in a liquid in a tank, experiences an upthrust.

What is the physical reason for this upthrust?
The density of the body differs from that of the liquid.

ed

by

Sa

jit

ng

ea

5N

an

dr

2m

rra

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2m
10 N
1m

le
d

3m

pi

15 N

Co
m

## Three forces act on the lever arm, as shown in the diagram.

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?
A

15 N m

20 N m

35 N m

75 N m

23

## 14 Two parallel forces, each of magnitude F, act on a body as shown.

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dr

aS

ha
k

ya

an

Fd

Fs

2F d

2F s

jit

Ch

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

by

Sa

ed

cable

rra

ng

wall

ea

metal rod

P
lamp

## Which vector triangle represents the forces acting at point P?

Co
m

pi

le
d

an

dr

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24

11 The diagram shows a rope bridge that a student makes on an adventure training course. The
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student has a weight W.

dr

aS

ha
k

ya

W
2 cos

T=

W
2 sin

T=

W
cos

T= W
sin

an

T=

Ch

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ed

by

Sa

jit

## 12 A spanner is used to tighten a nut as shown.

ng

0.04 m

0.25 m

rra

F = 200 N

ea

A force F is applied at right-angles to the spanner at a distance of 0.25 m from the centre of the
nut. When the nut is fully tightened, the applied force is 200 N.

8Nm

an

dr

## What is the resistive torque, in an anticlockwise direction, preventing further tightening?

42 N m

50 N m

1250 N m

le
d

15 The diagrams all show a pair of equal forces acting on a metre rule.

pi

Which diagram shows forces that provide a couple and zero resultant force?

Co
m

25

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cable

ya

wall

metal rod

ha
k

aS

lamp

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Sa

jit

Ch

an

dr

ng

ed

by

rra

## 12 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

ea

30 N

an

dr

20 N

le
d

20 N
30 N

pi

Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?
resultant torque

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

Co
m

resultant force

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26

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P
5N

ha
k

ya

2m
2m

aS

10 N

dr

1m

3m

an

15 N

Ch

## Three forces act on the lever arm, as shown in the diagram.

What is the magnitude of the resultant moment of these forces about point P?
C

20 N m

35 N m

75 N m

jit

15 N m

Sa

by

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ed

ng

T1

rra

cable

dr

ea

T2

an

weight W

le
d

cable car

## Which diagram correctly represents the forces acting at point P?

B

Co
m

pi

T2

T1

T2

T2

T1

T2

T1

T1

27

16 A uniform rod XY of weight 10.0 N is freely hinged to a wall at X. It is held horizontal by a force F
9702/12/M/J/11
acting from Y at an angle of 30 to the horizontal, as shown.

ya

60

an
8.7 N

10.0 N

20.0 N

jit

Ch

5.0 N

dr

10.0 N

aS

30

ha
k

wall

## 13 A ladder rests in equilibrium on rough ground against a rough wall.

Sa

9702/11/O/N/11

ed

by

rra

ng

rough
wall

ea

rough ground

dr

Its weight W acts through the centre of gravity G. Forces also act on the ladder at P and at Q.
These forces are P and Q respectively.

le
d

an

## Which vector triangle represents the forces on the ladder?

Co
m

pi

D
P

28

40

60

80

100

ha
k

20

dr

aS

ya

13 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the
100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in
9702/11/M/J/11
the diagram.

an

20 g

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

64 cm

jit

Ch

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?

Sa

9702/13/M/J/11

by

ed

T1

ng

cable

dr

ea

rra

T2

weight W

an

cable car

le
d

## Which diagram correctly represents the forces acting at point P?

B

Co
m

pi

T2

T1

T2

T2

T1

T2

T1

T1

29

17 The diagram shows two fixed pins, Y and Z. A length of elastic is stretched between Y and Z and
9702/12/M/J/11
around pin X, which is attached to a trolley.
Y

80 mm

aS

trolley

an

dr

30 mm

ha
k

ya

50 mm

Ch

X is at the centre of the elastic and the trolley is to be propelled in the direction P at right angles
to YZ. The tension in the elastic is 4 N.

2.4 N

3.2 N

4.8 N

6.4 N

Sa

jit

What is the force accelerating the trolley in the direction P when the trolley is released?

20 N

dr

ea

rra

ng

ed

30 N

by

## 11 The diagram shows four forces applied to a circular object.

20 N
30 N

an

Which row describes the resultant force and resultant torque on the object?

A
B

zero

zero

zero

non-zero

pi

resultant torque

le
d

resultant force

Co
m

non-zero

zero

non-zero

non-zero

9702/13/M/J/11

30

40

60

80

100

ha
k

20

dr

aS

ya

12 A uniform metre rule of mass 100 g is supported by a pivot at the 40 cm mark and a string at the
100 cm mark. The string passes round a frictionless pulley and carries a mass of 20 g as shown in
the diagram.
9702/13/M/J/11

an

20 g

At which mark on the rule must a 50 g mass be suspended so that the rule balances?
B

4 cm

36 cm

44 cm

64 cm

Ch

## 15 Two parallel forces, each of magnitude F, act on a body as shown.

Sa

jit

9702/13/O/N/10

ed

by

ea

rra

ng

dr

Fd

Fs

2F d

2F s

le
d

an

What is the magnitude of the torque on the body produced by these forces?

pi

13 Two co-planar forces act on the rim of a wheel. The forces are equal in magnitude.

Co
m

## Which arrangement of forces provides only a couple?

A

9702/12/O/N/11

31

14 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are
applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.
9702/11/O/N/11

2.0 N
50

ha
k

ya

ruler

aS

pivot

50

dr

2.0 N

0.23 N m

0.39 N m

0.46 N m

9702/11/O/N/11

10 11

12 13 14
15

peg

by

Sa

0.60 N m

jit

## 15 The diagram shows a childs balancing game.

1

Ch

an

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?

ed

one ring
pivot

ng

two rings

rra

The wooden rod is uniform and all the rings are of equal mass. Two rings are hung on peg
13 and one on peg 1.

dr

ea

On which hook must a fourth ring be hung in order to balance the rod?

an

le
d

cab

trailer

Co
m

pi

30 kN
10 m

10 m

A

3 kN

9702/12/O/N/11

15 kN

30 kN

60 kN

32

9702/12/O/N/11

ya

aS

ha
k

dr

ed

10 11

12 13 14
15

peg

ng

9702/13/O/N/11

by

## 13 The diagram shows a childs balancing game.

Sa

jit

Ch

an

rra

one ring

pivot

ea

two rings

dr

The wooden rod is uniform and all the rings are of equal mass. Two rings are hung on peg
13 and one on peg 1.

le
d

an

On which hook must a fourth ring be hung in order to balance the rod?
D

Co
m

pi

13 A cylindrical block of wood has cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in
water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom
surfaces respectively.
9702/11/M/J/12
Which expression is equal to the upthrust on the block?
A

(pb pt)A + W

(pb pt)

(pb pt)A

(pb pt)A W

33

## 14 A ladder rests in equilibrium on rough ground against a rough wall.

9702/13/O/N/11

ha
k

ya

rough
wall

aS

Q
rough ground

an

dr

Its weight W acts through the centre of gravity G. Forces also act on the ladder at P and at Q.
These forces are P and Q respectively.

Ch

## Which vector triangle represents the forces on the ladder?

C

B
P

rra

ng

ed

by

Sa

jit

D
P

dr

ea

15 A ruler of length 0.30 m is pivoted at its centre. Equal and opposite forces of magnitude 2.0 N are
9702/13/O/N/11
applied to the ends of the ruler, creating a couple as shown.

le
d

an

2.0 N
50
ruler

Co
m

pi

pivot

50
2.0 N

What is the magnitude of the torque of the couple on the ruler when it is in the position shown?
A

0.23 N m

0.39 N m

0.46 N m

0.60 N m

34

12 The diagram shows a barrel suspended from a frictionless pulley on a building. The rope
supporting the barrel goes over the pulley and is secured to a stake at the bottom of the building.
9702/11/M/J/12

ha
k

ya

barrel
120 kg

man
80 kg

dr

aS

18 m

an

stake

jit

Ch

A man stands close to the stake. The bottom of the barrel is 18 m above the mans head. The
mass of the barrel is 120 kg and the mass of the man is 80 kg.

Sa

The man keeps hold of the rope after untying it from the stake and is lifted upwards as the barrel
falls.

6 m s1

8 m s1

13 m s1

ed

by

What is the mans upward speed when his head is level with the bottom of the barrel? (Use
g = 10 m s2.)
19 m s1

ea

rra

ng

14 A car of mass m travels at constant speed up a slope at an angle to the horizontal, as shown in
the diagram. Air resistance and friction provide a resistive force F.
9702/11/M/J/12

an

dr

resistive force F

mg cos
mg sin

pi

le
d

mg cos + F

mg sin + F

Co
m

35

## 15 The diagram shows a crane supporting a load L.

9702/11/M/J/12

R
y

ya

ha
k

aS

A mass provides a balancing load W. The position of the load is such that the system is perfectly
balanced with Wx = Ly. The ground provides a reaction force R. The distance x does not change.

an

dr

If the load is moved further out so that the distance y increases and the crane does not topple,
which statement is correct?

Sa

jit

Ch

by

ed

an

dr

ea

rra

## A horizontal force H acts on the base of the

support column towards the right.

ng

## A horizontal force H acts on the base of the

support column towards the left.

le
d

Co
m

pi

## The reaction force R moves to the right.

36

13 A box of mass 8.0 kg rests on a horizontal, rough surface. A string attached to the box passes
over a smooth pulley and supports a 2.0 kg mass at its other end.
9702/12/M/J/12

aS

2.0 kg

dr

1.7 m s2

2.0 m s2

2.5 m s2

Ch

1.4 m s2

an

## What is the acceleration of the box?

A

ha
k

smooth
pulley

8.0 kg

rough surface

ya

box

jit

14 A ladder is positioned on icy (frictionless) ground and is leant against a rough wall. At the instant
of release it begins to slide.
9702/12/M/J/12

by

Sa

Which diagram correctly shows the directions of the forces P, W and R acting on the ladder as it
begins to slide?

ng

ed

wall

B
P

wall

rra

ea

W
ground

le
d

an

dr

ground

D
P

P

Co
m

wall

pi

wall

R
W

ground

ground

37

15 The diagram shows a solid cube with weight W and sides of length L. It is supported by a
frictionless spindle that passes through the centres of two opposite vertical faces. One of these
9702/12/M/J/12

dr

L
to the right of its original position.
4

Ch

an

## The spindle is now removed and replaced at a distance

aS

ha
k

ya

Sa

jit

L
4

WL
clockwise
2

WL
anticlockwise
4

WL
clockwise
4

ed

WL
anticlockwise
2

an

dr

ea

rra

ng

by

When viewing the shaded face, what is the torque of the couple that will now be needed to stop
the cube from toppling?

17 Initially, four identical uniform blocks, each of mass m and thickness h, are spread on a table.

Co
m

pi

le
d

9702/12/M/J/12

How much work is done on the blocks in stacking them on top of one another?
A

3 mgh

6 mgh

8 mgh

10 mgh

38

## 16 A sphere is released from rest in a viscous fluid.

9702/12/M/J/12

Which graph represents the variation with time t of the acceleration a of the sphere?
A

B
a

0
0

dr

an

0
0

jit

Ch

aS

0
0

ha
k

ya

0
0

Sa

9702/13/M/J/12

ed

by

## force = rate of change of momentum

ea

rra

ng

pi

le
d

an

dr

12 Two similar spheres, each of mass m and travelling with speed v, are moving towards each other.

Co
m

## The spheres have a head-on elastic collision.

Which statement is correct?
A

9702/13/M/J/12

39

## 13 The diagram shows a crane supporting a load L.

9702/13/M/J/12

R
y

ya

ha
k

aS

A mass provides a balancing load W. The position of the load is such that the system is perfectly
balanced with Wx = Ly. The ground provides a reaction force R. The distance x does not change.

an

dr

If the load is moved further out so that the distance y increases and the crane does not topple,
which statement is correct?

Sa

jit

Ch

by

ed

an

dr

ea

rra

## A horizontal force H acts on the base of the

support column towards the right.

ng

## A horizontal force H acts on the base of the

support column towards the left.

le
d

Co
m

pi

## The reaction force R moves to the right.

40

14 A cylindrical block of wood has cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in
water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom
surfaces respectively.
9702/13/M/J/12
Which expression is equal to the upthrust on the block?

(pb pt)

(pb pt)A

(pb pt)A W

ha
k

ya

(pb pt)A + W

aS

Ch

an

dr

15 A car of mass m travels at constant speed up a slope at an angle to the horizontal, as shown in
the diagram. Air resistance and friction provide a resistive force F.
9702/13/M/J/12

jit

resistive force F

Sa

by

mg sin
mg cos + F

mg sin + F

ng

rra

ed

mg cos

Co
m

pi

le
d

an

dr

ea