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:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::

PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.


March 4, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

2700 mm 300 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

250 250 3000 300 1500 2050 250

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 1

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 15 = 18.00 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

236.58 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 650 mm

250 mm 250 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 205 mm

0.1029 % of cross sect. area


2 257 mm in each direction

Provide 10F@ 100 c/c on inner face upto 1m, above 10F @ 200 c/c Ast.pro =
c 2 714 mm

>

2 650 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 10F@ 200 /c on outer face Horizontal : Provide 8F@ 180 c/c on both faces Ast.pro =
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING 2 279 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

250 300

3000 1 4 3 2700

Toe 250 300 2 250 2050 1500

Heel

Page 2

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :-Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 18.75 12.81 45.00 g1 0.00 Lever Arm (m) 0.425 1.025 1.300 0.300 Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 7.969 13.133 58.500 0.000

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

76.56

79.602 18.000 61.602

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 4.422 > = 2 79.60 18.00

\ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.8046 m = (b/2)-x

61.60 76.56

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.2204 0.3417 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 61.44 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = b (1-

6xe ) b

Page 3

2 13.25 kN/m

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

2050 300 Toe A 61.44 B 54.39 250 C 48.51 1500 D 13.25 = =


2 6.25 kN/m 2 27.00 kN/m 2 33.25 kN/m (

Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 20.00 \ =

33.25

48.51 )

2 -15.26 kN/m (

33.25

13.25 )

2 20.00 kN/m (

Max. B. M. @ point C

P C= 15.26 C
649 851

D = 9.27 kN-m

1500

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft =

BM @ C * 106 0.3216 1000 169.8 mm

Provide

250 Ast.reqd

BM @ C * 106

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

Page 4

s st * j * d = Ast.min = = 352 mm
2

d=

195 mm

0.1029 % of cross sect. area


2 257 mm in each direction

\ Provide 10 F @ 200 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 352 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 180 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 6.25 kN/m ( 2 279 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

6.25

54.39 )

2 -48.14 kN/m (

6.25

61.44 )

2 -55.19 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 55.19 =PA A b1= 300 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 250 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d
2 90 mm

PB = 48.14 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 2.38 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3126 1000 87 mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.1029 % of cross sect. area


2 257 mm in each direction

Page 5

\ Provide 10F @ 200c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 180 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 279 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

DESIGN OF CENTRAL RAFT Provide 250 mm thick central raft Provide 8F @ 150c/c bothways at top and bottom. As the liquid depth for all the Aeration tanks is same, therefore design of walls and footings will remain same as above.

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:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::


PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.
March 4, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

2700 mm 300 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

250 250 3000 600 600 1450 250

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 10

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 15 = 18.00 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

236.58 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 650 mm

250 mm 250 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 205 mm

0.1029 % of cross sect. area


2 257 mm in each direction

Provide 10F@ 100 c/c on inner face upto 1m, above 10F @ 200 c/c Ast.pro =
c 2 714 mm

>

2 650 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 10F@ 200 /c on outer face Horizontal : Provide 8F@ 180 c/c on both faces Ast.pro =
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING 2 279 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

250 300

3000 1 4 3 2700

Toe 250 600 2 250 1450 600

Heel

Page 11

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :-Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 18.75 9.06 18.00 g1 0.00 Lever Arm (m) 0.725 0.725 1.150 0.600 Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 13.594 6.570 20.700 0.000

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

45.81

40.864 18.000 22.864

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 2.270 > = 2 40.86 18.00

\ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.4991 m = (b/2)-x

22.86 45.81

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.2259 0.2417 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 61.13 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = (1-

6xe )

Page 12

b = 2.06 kN/m
2

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

1450 600 Toe A 61.13 B 36.69 250 C 26.50 600 D Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2 = =
2 6.25 kN/m 2 27.00 kN/m 2 33.25 kN/m (

2.06

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 31.19 \

33.25

26.50 )

2 6.75 kN/m (

33.25 31.19 kN/m

2.06
2

Max. B. M. @ point C
2

P C= 6.75 C 600 D

= (PC*(b2 )/2) + (1/2(b2*(PD-PC))*((2/3)b2)) = 4.15 kN-m

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft

BM @ C * 106 0.3216 1000 113.6 mm

Provide

250

Page 13

Ast.reqd

= =

BM @ C * 106 s st * j * d
2 158 mm

here s st = d=

2 150 N/mm 195 mm

Ast.min

= =

0.1029 % of cross sect. area


2 257 mm in each direction

\ Provide 10 F @ 200 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 180 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 6.25 kN/m ( 2 279 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

6.25

36.69 )

2 -30.44 kN/m (

6.25

61.13 )

2 -54.88 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 54.88 =PA A b1= 600 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 250 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d
2 320 mm

PB = 30.44 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 8.41 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3126 1000 164 mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.1029 % of cross sect. area


2 257 mm in each direction

Page 14

\ Provide 10F @ 200c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 320 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 180 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 279 mm

>

2 257 mm

\ --SAFE--

DESIGN OF CENTRAL RAFT Provide 250 mm thick central raft Provide 8F @ 150c/c bothways at top and bottom. As the liquid depth for all the Aeration tanks is same, therefore design of walls and footings will remain same as above.

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RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

8. DESIGN OF COVER SLABS(CS) : Clear Covers Slabs & beams bottom Slabs & beams top Columns Structural Configuration : lx = ly = 3750 mm 5600 mm

= = =

25 30 40

mm mm mm

ly = 1.49 < 2.0 lx Design slab as twoway Two adjacent edges discontinuous Load Calculations : Assume slab thickness = t = dassumed = 1. Self weight of slab = 25 x t 2. Floor finish/waterproofing Total dead load 3. Live Load on slab Total UDL on slab = w = Bending Moments Support - short span (-ve) Mid - short span (+ve) Support - long span (-ve) Mid - long span (+ve) = = = = = = = = 0.075 x 7.49 KNm 0.056 x 5.59 KNm 0.047 x 4.69 KNm 0.035 x 3.49 KNm 7.10 7.10 7.10 7.10 x x x x 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75
2

160 mm 130 mm = = = = =
2 4.00 KN/m 2 0.10 KN/m 2 4.10 KN/m 2 3.00 KN/m 2 7.10 KN/m

Thickness Thickness of wall required

= = mm

Provide Reinforcement -

160

7.49 x 1.00E+06 0.3216 x 1000 152.59 mm thick wall.

Ast1

= =

7.49 x 1.00E+06 230 x 0.87 x 126 2 297.0 mm

BPCL, MAHUL

13

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

Ast2

= = = = =

Ast3

Ast4

= Astmin = (on each face) = Provide top reinf. as below,


c c

5.59 150 329.6 4.69 230 186.1 3.49 150 206.0 0.1131 100 181.03

x 1.00E+06 x 0.87 x 130 mm2 x 1.00E+06 x 0.87 x 126 mm2 x 1.00E+06 x 0.87 x 130 mm2 x 160 x 1000 mm2 Ast = Ast =
2 502.6 mm 2 314.2 mm

Short span - 8 F @ 110 /c extra at supports Long span - 8 F @ 160 /c extra at supports

Provide bottom reinf. as below,


Short span - 8 F @ 120 /c main throughoutat
c c

Ast = Ast =

2 418.9 mm 2 314.2 mm

Long span - 8 F @ 160 /c main throughoutat

9. DESIGN OF COVER BEAMS (CB) : Load Calculations : Assume size of beam = B x D = dassumed = span of beam = 1. Self weight of beam = 2. Load from cover slab = Total dead load 3. Live Load from cover slab Total UDL on beam = w = Bending Moments Mid support moment moment for DL moment for LL Total support moment Mid span moment moment for DL = = 0.0833 x 24.88 kNm 14.74 x 4.50
2

230 x 415 mm 4.50 m 1.67 kN/m 13.08 kN/m 14.74 kN/m 9.57 kN/m 24.31 kN/m

450

= = = = =

0.1 x 29.86 kNm 0.111 x 21.51 kNm 51.36 kNm

14.74 9.57

x x

4.50 4.50

BPCL, MAHUL

14

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

moment for LL Total midspan moment Check for depth (uncracked) 1715

= = =

0.1 x 19.38 kNm 44.26 kNm

9.57

4.50

160 290 230

450

length of beam = lo = 0.7 x eff. length of beam = bf = lo/6 + bw + 6Df = bt available = A = 2744.00 667.00 I = y= =

4.500 3.150 1.715 4.500

m m m m

2 3411.00 cm 12.40 cm 4 376924 cm

3 z = I/y = 30397.74 cm Max. Bending Moment = 44.26 KNm

Actual bending stress sb = Mmax / z =

2 1.46 N/mm

< 1.8N/mm hence safe

Reinforcement Support reinf.

Ast1

= = =

Mid reinf.

Ast2

= Astmin = (on each face) =

51.36 x 1.00E+06 230 x 0.87 x 415 2 618.5 mm 44.26 x 1.00E+06 150 x 0.87 x 415 2 817.2 mm 0.20 x 230 x 450 100 2 207.00 mm Ast = Ast =
2 703 mm

Top reinforcement 8F - 2st. + 16F - 3 extra at support Bottom reinforcement 16F - 2 + 12F - 1 st. + 16F - 2 cutail bars Shear Design Maximum Shear Force = SF =

2 917 mm

55 KN

2 Longitudinal reinf. in beam = 703 mm Percentage of longitudinal reinf. = Ast = 100Ast bxd = 0.745 %

Permissible shear stress in concrete as IS 456 tc =


2 0.358 N/mm

BPCL, MAHUL

15

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

Actual shear stress = tv =

SF bxd
2 0.573 N/mm

Assuming strirups of 8F bars (two legged) Spacing of stirrups reqd. = s = ssv x Asv (tv - tc) x b = 353.71 mm Min. spacing = 0.87fy x Asv/ 0.4b = 392.45 mm Therefore provide double legged stirrups - 8F @ 100 c/c at supports and 8 F @ 180 c/c for central portion. 10. LOAD ON INTERNAL COLUMNS (C18, C19, C20, C21) : Load Calculations : Assume size of column = B x D = Height of columns = 1. Self weight of beam = 2. Load from cover beams = Total load = For design calculations refer page no. 11. DESIGN OF PLATFORM SLAB(PS) NEAR BLOWERS : Clear Covers Slabs Structural Configuration : lx = ly = ly = lx 2000 mm 5100 mm 2.55 >2.0 Design slab as oneway

230 x 3.00 m 3.97 kN 218.81 kN 222.78 kN

230

20

mm

Load Calculations : Assume slab thickness = t = dassumed =

150 mm 120 mm

1. Self weight of slab = 25 x t 2. Floor finish/waterproofing

= =

2 3.75 KN/m 2 0.50 KN/m

BPCL, MAHUL

16

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

Total dead load 3. Live Load on slab Total UDL on slab = w = Bending Moments Max. BM = =

= = =

2 4.25 KN/m 2 3.00 KN/m 2 7.25 KN/m

0.125 x 3.63 KNm

7.25

Thickness Thickness of wall required

= = mm

Provide Reinforcement -

150

3.63 x 1.00E+06 0.3855 x 1000 96.97 mm thick wall.

Ast1

= Astmin = (on each face) = Provide top reinf. as below,


Main reinf. - 8 F @ 200 /c
c c

3.63 x 1.00E+06 230 x 0.87 x 126 2 143.8 mm 0.1143 x 150 x 1000 100 2 171.43 mm Ast = Ast =
2 502.6 mm 2 218 mm

Dist. Reinf. - 8 F @ 230 /c

Provide bottom reinf. as below,


Main reinf. - 8 F @ 120 /c
c c

Ast = Ast =

2 418.9 mm 2 218 mm

Dist. Reinf. - 8 F @ 230 /c

12. DESIGN OF PLATFORM BEAMS (PB1, PB3, GB4) : Load Calculations : Assume size of beam = B x D = dassumed = span of beam = 1. Self weight of beam = 2. Load from plt. slab = Total load Point load from blower = = Bending Moments = 0.125 x 7.71 x 2.00
2

230 x 472 mm 2.00 m 2.88 kN/m 4.83 kN/m 7.71 kN/m 6.625 kN

500

BPCL, MAHUL

17

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

= Depth D required

0.25 x 7.17 kNm

6.63

2.00

= = mm

Provide Reinforcement -

500

7.17 x 1.00E+06 1.5 x 1000 69.12 mm Depth

Ast1

= Astmin = (on each face) = Top reinforcement 16F - 2st. at top Bottom reinforcement 16F - 2st. at bottom Shear Design Maximum Shear Force = SF =

7.17 x 1.00E+06 230 x 0.87 x 472 2 75.9 mm 0.2000 x 230 x 100 2 230.00 mm

500

Ast = Ast =

2 402 mm

2 402 mm

8 KN

2 Longitudinal reinf. in beam = 402 mm Percentage of longitudinal reinf. = Ast = 100Ast bxd = 0.370 % Permissible shear stress in concrete as IS 456 2 tc = 0.273 N/mm

Actual shear stress = tv =

SF bxd
2 0.071 N/mm

Assuming strirups of 8F bars (two legged) Spacing of stirrups reqd. = s = ssv x Asv (tv - tc) x b = -376.68 mm Min. spacing = 0.87fy x Asv/ 0.4b = 392.45 mm Therefore provide double legged stirrups - 8F @ 150 c/c throughout

13. DESIGN OF PLATFORM BEAMS (PB2) :

BPCL, MAHUL

18

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

Load Calculations : Assume size of beam = B x D = dassumed = span of beam = 1. Self weight of beam = 2. Load from plt. slab = Total load Point load from PB1 =

230 x 472 mm 5.10 m 2.88 kN/m 3.63 kN/m 6.50 kN/m 15.42 kN

500

(assuming twice point load from beam PB1 at center)

Bending Moments = = Depth D required 0.125 x 6.50 15.42 x x 5.10 5.10


2

0.25 x 40.79 kNm

= = mm

Provide Reinforcement -

500

40.79 x 1.00E+06 1.5 x 1000 164.90 mm Depth

Ast1

= Astmin = (on each face) =

40.79 x 1.00E+06 230 x 0.87 x 472 2 431.9 mm 0.2000 x 230 x 100 2 230.00 mm Ast = Ast =

500

Top reinforcement 16F - 2. + 12F - 1 throughout at top Bottom reinforcement 16F - 2. + 12F - 1 throughout at botom Shear Design Maximum Shear Force = SF = Longitudinal reinf. in beam = Percentage of longitudinal reinf. = Ast = = Permissible shear stress in concrete as IS 456 tc =

2 515 mm

2 515 mm

17 KN
2 515 mm 100Ast bxd 0.474 % 2 0.31 N/mm

Actual shear stress = tv =

SF bxd

BPCL, MAHUL

19

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

2 0.153 N/mm

Assuming strirups of 8F bars (two legged) Spacing of stirrups reqd. = s = ssv x Asv (tv - tc) x b = -483.65 mm Min. spacing = 0.87fy x Asv/ 0.4b = 392.45 mm Therefore provide double legged stirrups - 8F @ 150 c/c throughout 14. LOAD ON PLATFORM COLUMNS (C13, C14, C15, C16, C17) : Load Calculations : Assume size of column = B x D = Height of columns = 1. Self weight of col. = 2. Load from beams = Total load = For design calculations refer page no. = 15. DESIGN OF STAIR SLAB : Clear Covers Slabs Structural Configuration : lx =
Rise = Tread =

300

300

4.00 m 9.00 kN 40.86 kN 49.86 kN 22, 23

20

mm

4220 mm
188 230

Load Calculations : Assume slab thickness = t = dassumed = 1. Self weight of slab = 25 x t wt. in hori. Area 2. Dead wt. of steps 3. Floor finish Total dead load 4. Live Load on slab = =

180 mm 150 mm
2 4.50 KN/m 2 7.11 KN/m 2 2.88 KN/m 2 1.00 KN/m 2 10.99 KN/m

2 3.00 KN/m

BPCL, MAHUL

20

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

Total UDL on slab = w = Bending Moments Max. BM = =

2 13.99 KN/m

0.125 x 13.99 31.13 KNm

4.22

Thickness Thickness of wall required

= = mm

Provide Reinforcement -

180

31.13 x 1.00E+06 1.5 x 1000 144.07 mm thick slab

Ast1

= Astmin = (on each face) = Provide reinf. as below,


Main reinf. - 12 F @ 110 /c
c

31.13 x 1.00E+06 230 x 0.87 x 156 2 997.3 mm 0.1200 x 180 x 1000 100 2 216.00 mm Ast = Ast =
2 1027.3 mm 2 218 mm

Dist. Reinf. - 8 F @ 230 /c


c

BPCL, MAHUL

21

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

16. DESIGN OF COLUMNS (INTERNAL COL & PLATFORM COL.) SR. NO. DESCRIPTION NOTA-TION UNIT FORMULA Internal
C18 TO C21,

Platform
C13 TO C17

I DESIGN DATA a) Axial load on Column b) Moment @ Major Axis c) Moment @ Minor Axis(due to Min Eccn) d) Width of Column Depth of Column e1) Dia of bar f1) No. of bars e2) Dia of bar f2) No. of bars g) Longi.reinf.in Column h) Unsupported length of Column @ Major Axis @ Minor Axis i) Grade of Concrete j) Grade of Steel k) Clear cover l) Modular ratio 2 a) Slenderness Ratio @Major Axis b) Slenderness Ratio @Minor Axis c) As S.R.is > 12 @ Major Axis, therefore Column is........... d) As S.R.is > 12 @ Minor Axis, therefore Column is........... 3 Reduction factor for stress @ Major axis Reduction factor for stress @ Minor axis Direct stress (Permissible) 4 Bending stress(Permissible) Compressive stress (Permissible) 5 Load carrying capacity of column 6 Properties of column section a) Equivalent Area b) Moment of Inertia @ Major Axis c) Moment of Inertia @ Minor Axis d) Section Modulus @ Major axis e) Section Modulus @ Minor axis P Mx My b D
kN kNm kNm mm mm mm no. mm no. mm2 mm mm N/mm2 N/mm2 mm

F F
Asc lex ley fck fy d' m SRx SRy

222.78 4.46 4.46 300 300 12 4 0 0 452 3000 3000 35 415 50 8.12 10.00 10.00

49.86 1.00 1.00 300 300 12 6 0 0 679 4000 4000 35 415 50 8.12 13.33 13.33

M35 Fe415

lex/D ley/b

SHORT COL LONG COL SHORT COL LONG COL

Crx Cry

1.25 -(lex/(48xD) 1.25 -(ley/(48xb)


2 2 2

1.00 1.00 9.00 11.50 190.00 891.88 SAFE


9.51E+04 6.75E+08 6.75E+08 4.50E+06 4.50E+06

0.97 0.97 9.00 11.50 190.00 932.82 SAFE


9.76E+04 6.75E+08 6.75E+08 4.50E+06 4.50E+06

scc perm N/mm scbc perm N/mm ssc perm N/mm


P
kN

9 or 9 x Cr 11.5 or 11.5 x Cr 190 or 190 x Cr

scc Ac + ssc Asc

Ae Ixx Iyy Zxx Zyy

mm2 mm4 mm4 mm3 mm3

Ac+1.5mAsc bD3/12 Db3/12 Ixx/( D/2) Iyy/( b/2)

II CHECK FOR STRESSES Direct stress Bending stress @ Major Axis

scc cal scbc cal

N/mm2 N/mm2

P/Ae Mx / Zxx

2.34 0.99

0.51 0.22

BPCL, MAHUL

22

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

SR. NO.

DESCRIPTION

NOTA-TION

UNIT N/mm2

FORMULA

Internal
C18 TO C21,

Platform
C13 TO C17

Bending stress @ Minor Axis scc cal scbcx cal scbcy cal scc perm scbc perm scbc perm Tensile stress = scbcx cal + scbcy cal - scc cal
0.35 ( scc cal + scbcx cal + scbcy cal ) or 0.25 ( scc cal + Max of ( scbcx cal or scbcy cal ))

scbc cal

My / Zyy

0.99 0.43
< 1 SAFE

0.22 0.10
< 1 SAFE -0.07 no tension 0.33 safe 1.80 safe

N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2

-0.36 no tension 1.51 safe 1.80 safe

3/4 (Modulus of rupture at 7days)

III COLUMN SECTION TO BE PROVIDED a) Provide Width of Column as Provide Depth of Column as b1) Provide Longi. Reinf. as c1) Provide No. of bars as b2) Provide Longi. Reinf. as c2) Provide No. of bars as

b D dia dia

mm mm mm Nos. mm Nos.

300 300 12 4 0 0

300 300 12 6 0 0

BPCL, MAHUL

23

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

17. DESIGN OF ISOLATED PAD FOOTINGS - (Working Stress Method)


SN DESIGN STEP
NOT'N

UNIT

FORMULA

Platform COL. C13 TO C17

I. DATA 1 i Bearing Capacity ii Design Load iii Design Moment @ X-axis iv Design Moment @ Y-axis v Dimensions of Columns (a)Width (b)Depth vi Material Details:(a)Grade of Concrete (b)Grade of Steel (c)Per.sress in Steel (d)Design Constants (e)Lever Arm Constants pt.min II. SIZE OF FOOTING 2 Assuming self wt of footing 5% there fore Area of footing reqd. 3 Increased area of footing to incorporate effect of Moment. 4 (a) Assuming equal projections in two perpendicular directions, reqd length of footing, (b) Reqd width of footing (c) Provided length of footing (d) Provided width of footing (e) Provided Area of footing 5 Upward reaction due to load 6 Upward reaction due to mnt Mx Max upward pr. @ X-axis Min upward pr. @ X-axis Max upward pr is less than Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil,T'fore 7 Upward reaction due to mnt My Max upward pr. @ Y-axis Min upward pr. @ Y-axis Max upward pr is less than Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil,T'fore 8 Projection of footing for bending @ X-axis parallel to Lf 9 Projection of footing for bending @ Y-axis parallel to Bf

q P Mx My b D M35 fy fst Q j pt.min

kN/m2 kN kNm kNm mm mm N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 % 35 415 230 1.5 0.9 0.2

250 49.86 1.00 1.00 300 300

Req.Af

m2 m2

(1.05*P)/q

0.209 0.209

Req.Lf Req.Bf Lf Bf Af pd pb,x pmax,x pmin,x

mm mm mm mm m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2

(D-b)/2 +SQRT(((D-b)2)/4+Af) Af/Lf


LENGTH OF FOOTING PRO. WIDTH OF FOOTING PRO.

Lf*Bf P/Af Mx*6/(Bf*Lf2) pd + pb,x pd - pb,x

458 458 800 800 0.640 77.90 11.69 89.59 66.22

--SAFE-pb,y pmax,y pmin,y

kN/m2 kN/m2 kN/m2

My*6/(Lf*Bf2) pd + pb,y pd - pb,y

11.69 89.59 66.22 --SAFE-250

x1

mm

(Lf-D)/2

y1

mm

(Bf-b)/2

250

III. DEPTH OF FOOTING FOR TWO WAY BENDING 10 Upward pr at the face of Column @ X-axis

pd,x

kN/m2

pmin,x+(pmax,x-pmin,x) *(x1+D)/Lf

82.29

BPCL, MAHUL

24

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

SN

DESIGN STEP

NOT'N

UNIT

FORMULA

Platform COL. C13 TO C17

(a)Bending Moment at Coln Face @ X-axis 11 Upward pr at the face of Column @ Y-axis (b)Bending Moment at Coln Face @ Y-axis 12 (a)Reqd effective depth for bending @ X-axis (b)Reqd effective depth for bending @ Y-axis 13 (a)Assumed bar diameter (b)Req cover d'x for bottom bars (c)Req cover d'y for top bars (d)Reqd total depth of footing for bending @ X-axis (e)Reqd total depth of footing for bending @ Y-axis 14 (a)Provided total depth (b)Provided eff depth dx (c)Provided eff depth dy IV. CHECK FOR TWO-WAY SHEAR Critical section for two-way shear is a peripheral section at a distance dy/2 from the periphery of column 15 (a)Length @ critical section (b)Width @ critical section (c)Eff depth @ peripharal sect. (d)Area resisting shear 16 Shear strength of concrete for two way bending, Tc2=ks*T'uc (a)t'uc=0.25*(SQRT(fck)) (b)b c = b/D (c)ks.act = (0.5+Bc) but < = 1 terefore ks permissible (d) tuc2 = ks * t'uc 17 Shear resistance of concrete 18 Design shear 19 Vc2 is greater than Vd2,hence V. AREA OF STEEL 20 (a)Req Area of steel @ X-axis (b)Req area of steel @ Y-axis 21 (a)Req Ast minimum @ Y-axis (b)Req Ast minimum @ X-axis 22 (a)Ast req to provide @ Y-axis

Mwx

kN-m

((pd,x*x1^2/2)+(1/2*x1 (pmax,x-pd,x)*(2/3*x1))*Bf pmin,y+(pmax,y-pmin,y) *(y1+b)/Bf ((pd,y*y1^2/2)+(1/2*y1* (pmax,y-pd,y)*(2/3*y1))*Lf SQRT(Mwx/(Q*Bf))

2.18

pd,y Mwy

kN/m2 kN-m

82.29 2.18

Req.dx

mm

43

Req.dy dia d'x d'y Req.Df Req.Df Df dx dy

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

SQRT(Mwy/(Q*Lf))

43 10 55 65 98 108 108 300 245 235

Eff. cover=50+(dia/2) Eff. cover=50+dia+(dia/2) Req.dx+d'x Req.dy+d'y


DEPTH OF FOOTING PROV.

Df-d'x Df-d'y

L2 B2 d2 A2

mm mm mm mm2

D+2*(dy/2) b+2*(dy/2) Min of dx and dy 2(L2+B2)*d2

535 535 235


502900

t'uc bc ks.act ks.per ks tc2

N/mm2

0.16*(SQRT(fck)) b/D (0.5+b c)

0.947 1.00 1.50 1.00 1.00 0.947 476.03 31.69 --SAFE-43 45 392 376 392

N/mm2 kN kN

ks*t'uc

Vc2 Vd2

tuc2*A2
pmax,x*(Lf*Bf-L2*B2)

Astx.req Asty.req Asty.min Astx.min Asty.pro

mm2 mm2

Mwx/(fst*j*dx) Mwy/(fst*j*dy) pt.min*Bf*dx/100 pt.min*Lf*dy/100 Max=Asty.req/Asty.min

mm2 mm2

BPCL, MAHUL

25

RCC DESIGN OF DIRTY BACKWASH TANK

THERMAX LTD.

SN

DESIGN STEP (b)Ast req to provide @ X-axis

NOT'N Astx.pro Nx

UNIT mm2 No. mm mm2 No. mm mm2

FORMULA Max=Astx.req/Astx.min Astx.pro / ast Spacing (cal) Astx.pro.cal Asty.pro / ast Spacing (cal) Asty.pro.cal

Platform COL. C13 TO C17

376 6 150 471 6 150 471

23 (a)Provide no. of bars parallel to the length of footing for bending @ X-axis (b)Provide no. of bars parallel to width of footing for bending @ Y-axis VI. CHECK FOR ONE - WAY SHEAR @ Y - AXIS 24 (a) Width at top of footing at critical section (b) Effective depth 0f footing at critical section (c) Area of footing at critical section 25 Percentage of steel prov. 26 Shear Strength of Concrete in One Way Shear (Tucy1) 27 Shear Resistance of Concrete in One Way Shear 28 Design Shear 29 Vucy1 greater than Vudy1,hence VII. CHECK FOR ONE - WAY SHEAR @ X - AXIS 30 (a) Width at top of footing at critical section (b) Effective depth 0f footing at critical section (c) Area of footing at critical section 31 Percentage of steel prov. 32 Shear Strength of Concrete in One Way Shear (Tucx1) 33 Shear Resistance of Concrete in One Way Shear 34 Design Shear 35 Vucx1 greater than Vudx1,hence

Ny

Ly1 dy1 Ay1 pty Tcy1

mm mm mm %

Lf dy Ay1=Ly1*dy1 pty=100*Asty/Ay1

800

235
188000

0.251 0.2300

Vcy1 Vdy1

kN kN

Vcy1=Tucy1*Ay1 Vdy1=pmax,y*Lf*(y1-dy)

43.24 1.08 --SAFE--

Bx1 dx1 Ax1 ptx Tcx1

mm mm mm %

Bf dx Ax1=Bx1*dx1 ptx=100*Astx/Ax1

800

245
196000

0.240 0.2280

Vcx1 Vdx1

kN kN

Vcx1=Tucx1*Ax1 Vdx1=pmax,x*Bf*(x1-dx)

44.69 0.36 --SAFE--

BPCL, MAHUL

26

:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::


PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.
March 4, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

2700 mm 300 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

400 150 3000 400 1800 2600 350

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 27

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 6 = 45.00 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

374.07 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 939 mm

400 mm 150 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 355 mm

0.0857 % of cross sect. area


2 343 mm in each direction

Provide 12F@ 115 c/c on inner face upto 2.5m, above 12F @ 230 c/c Ast.pro = Horizontal :
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING 2 983 mm

>

2 939 mm

\ --SAFE--

150 300

3000 1 4 3 2700

Toe 350 400 2 400 2600 1800

Heel

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :--

Page 28

Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 11.25 22.75 54.00 g1 9.38

Lever Arm (m) 0.725 1.300 1.700 0.567

Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 8.156 29.575 91.800 5.313

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

97.38

134.844 45.000 89.844

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 2.997 > = 2

134.84 45.00 \ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.9227 m = (b/2)-x

89.84 97.38

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.3773 0.4333 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 70.06 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = b (1-

6xe ) b

Page 29

2 4.84 kN/m

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

2600 400 Toe A 70.06 B 60.03 400 C 50.00 1800 D Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2 = =
2 8.75 kN/m 2 27.00 kN/m 2 35.75 kN/m (

4.84

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 30.91 \

35.75

50.00 )

2 -14.25 kN/m (

35.75 30.91 kN/m

4.84
2

Max. B. M. @ point C
2

P C= 14.25 C 1800 D

= (PC*(b2 )/2) + (1/2(b2*(PD-PC))*((2/3)b2)) = 41.08 kN-m

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft =

BM @ C * 106 0.3078 1000 365.3 mm

Provide

350 Ast.reqd

BM @ C * 106

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

Page 30

s st * j * d = Ast.min = = 1031 mm
2

d=

295 mm

0.0800 % of cross sect. area


2 280 mm in each direction

\ Provide 12 F @ 140 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 808 mm

>

2 1031 mm

\ --UNSAFE--

Provide 12 F @ 150 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 8.75 kN/m ( 2 754 mm

>

2 280 mm

\ --SAFE--

8.75

60.03 )

2 -51.28 kN/m (

8.75

70.06 )

2 -61.31 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 61.31 =PA A b1= 400 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 350 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d
2 116 mm

PB = 51.28 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 4.64 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3078 1000 123 mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.0800 % of cross sect. area


2 280 mm in each direction

Page 31

\ Provide 12F @ 185 c/c + 20F @ 185 c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =
2 2309 mm

>

2 280 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 12 F @ 150 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 754 mm

>

2 280 mm

\ --SAFE--

Page 32

Page 33

Page 34

Page 35

:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::


PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.
March 19, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

3030 mm 150 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

270 270 3180 300 1500 2070 270

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 36

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 15 = 21.44 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

258.19 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 706 mm

270 mm 270 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 225 mm

0.1006 % of cross sect. area


2 272 mm in each direction

Provide 10F@ 100 c/c on inner face upto 1m, above 10F @ 200 c/c Ast.pro =
c 2 714 mm

>

2 706 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 10F@ 200 /c on outer face Horizontal : Provide 8F@ 170 c/c on both faces Ast.pro =
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING 2 295 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

270 150

3180 1 4 3 3030

Toe 270 300 2 270 2070 1500

Heel

Page 37

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :-Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 21.47 13.97 47.70 g1 0.00 Lever Arm (m) 0.435 1.035 1.320 0.300 Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 9.337 14.462 62.964 0.000

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

83.14

86.763 21.438 65.325

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 4.047 > = 2 86.76 21.44

\ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.7857 m = (b/2)-x

65.32 83.14

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.2493 0.3450 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 69.18 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = b (1-

6xe ) b

Page 38

2 11.15 kN/m

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

2070 300 Toe A 69.18 B 60.77 270 C 53.20 1500 D 11.15 = =


2 6.75 kN/m 2 30.30 kN/m 2 37.05 kN/m (

Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 25.90 \ =

37.05

53.20 )

2 -16.15 kN/m (

37.05

11.15 )

2 25.90 kN/m (

Max. B. M. @ point C

P C= 16.15 C
576 924

D = 13.37 kN-m

1500

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft =

BM @ C * 106 0.3216 1000 203.9 mm

Provide

270 Ast.reqd

BM @ C * 106

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

Page 39

s st * j * d = Ast.min = = 461 mm
2

d=

215 mm

0.1006 % of cross sect. area


2 272 mm in each direction

\ Provide 10 F @ 160 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 490 mm

>

2 461 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 170 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 6.75 kN/m ( 2 295 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

6.75

60.77 )

2 -54.02 kN/m (

6.75

69.18 )

2 -62.43 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 62.43 =PA A b1= 300 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 270 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d
2 92 mm

PB = 54.02 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 2.68 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3126 1000 93 mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.1006 % of cross sect. area


2 272 mm in each direction

Page 40

\ Provide 10F @ 200c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 180 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 279 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

DESIGN OF CENTRAL RAFT Provide 250 mm thick central raft Provide 8F @ 150c/c bothways at top and bottom. As the liquid depth for all the Aeration tanks is same, therefore design of walls and footings will remain same as above.

Page 41

Page 42

Page 43

Page 44

:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::


PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.
March 19, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

3030 mm 150 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

270 270 3180 650 650 1570 270

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 45

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 15 = 21.44 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

258.19 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 706 mm

270 mm 270 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 225 mm

0.1006 % of cross sect. area


2 272 mm in each direction

Provide 10F@ 100 c/c on inner face upto 1m, above 10F @ 200 c/c Ast.pro =
c 2 714 mm

>

2 706 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 10F@ 200 /c on outer face Horizontal : Provide 8F@ 170 c/c on both faces Ast.pro =
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING 2 295 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

270 150

3180 1 4 3 3030

Toe 270 650 2 270 1570 650

Heel

Page 46

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :-Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 21.47 10.60 20.67 g1 0.00 Lever Arm (m) 0.785 0.785 1.245 0.650 Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 16.850 8.319 25.734 0.000

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

52.73

50.903 21.438 29.465

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 2.374 > = 2 50.90 21.44

\ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.5588 m = (b/2)-x

29.46 52.73

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.2262 0.2617 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 62.63 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = (1-

6xe )

Page 47

b = 4.55 kN/m
2

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

1570 650 Toe A 62.63 B 38.58 270 C 28.59 650 D Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2 = =
2 6.75 kN/m 2 30.30 kN/m 2 37.05 kN/m (

4.55

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 32.50 \

37.05

28.59 )

2 8.46 kN/m (

37.05 32.50 kN/m

4.55
2

Max. B. M. @ point C
2

P C= 8.46 C 650 D

= (PC*(b2 )/2) + (1/2(b2*(PD-PC))*((2/3)b2)) = 5.17 kN-m

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft

BM @ C * 106 0.3216 1000 126.8 mm

Provide

270

Page 48

Ast.reqd

= =

BM @ C * 106 s st * j * d
2 178 mm

here s st = d=

2 150 N/mm 215 mm

Ast.min

= =

0.1006 % of cross sect. area


2 272 mm in each direction

\ Provide 10 F @ 200 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 170 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 6.75 kN/m ( 2 295 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

6.75

38.58 )

2 -31.83 kN/m (

6.75

62.63 )

2 -55.88 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 55.88 =PA A b1= 650 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 270 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d
2 348 mm

PB = 31.83 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 10.11 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3126 1000 180 mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.1006 % of cross sect. area


2 272 mm in each direction

Page 49

\ Provide 10F @ 200c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 393 mm

>

2 348 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 170 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 295 mm

>

2 272 mm

\ --SAFE--

DESIGN OF CENTRAL RAFT Provide 250 mm thick central raft Provide 8F @ 150c/c bothways at top and bottom. As the liquid depth for all the Aeration tanks is same, therefore design of walls and footings will remain same as above.

Page 50

Page 51

Page 52

Page 53

:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::


PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.
March 19, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

3030 mm 150 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

420 150 3180 400 1800 2620 370

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 54

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 6 = 53.60 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

408.23 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 1059 mm

420 mm 150 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 375 mm

0.0834 % of cross sect. area


2 350 mm in each direction

Provide 10F@ 170 c/c + 12F @ 170c/con inner face upto 1m, above 10F @ 170 c/c Ast.pro =
c 2 1127 mm

>

2 1059 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 10F@ 170 /c on outer face Horizontal : Provide 8F@ 130 c/c upto 1m on both faces Ast.pro =
c 2 387 mm

>

2 350 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8F@ 180 /c from 1m to 2m on both faces Provide 8F@ 230 c/c from 2m to top on both faces
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING -

150 150

3180 1 4 3 3030

Toe 370 2

Heel

Page 55

400

420 2620

1800

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :-Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 11.93 24.24 57.24 g1 10.73 Lever Arm (m) 0.745 1.310 1.720 0.580 Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 8.884 31.748 98.453 6.225

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

104.13

145.310 53.596 91.714

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 2.711 > = 2

145.31 53.60 \ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.8807 m = (b/2)-x

91.71 104.13

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.4293 0.4367 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 78.82 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

Page 56

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = b = (1-

6xe ) b

2 0.67 kN/m

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

2620 400 Toe A 78.82 B 66.89 420 C 54.36 1800 D Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2 = =
2 9.25 kN/m 2 30.30 kN/m 2 39.55 kN/m (

0.67

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 38.88 \

39.55

54.36 )

2 -14.81 kN/m (

39.55 38.88 kN/m

0.67
2

Max. B. M. @ point C
2

P C= 14.81 C 497 1800 1303 D

= (PC*(b2 )/2) + (1/2(b2*(PD-PC))*((2/3)b2)) = 33.99 kN-m

tk of heel slab reqd.

BM @ C * 106

Page 57

0.3078 \ Provide 370 Ast.reqd = mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = 332.3 mm

1000

BM @ C * 106 s st * j * d
2 799 mm

here s st = d=

2 150 N/mm 315 mm

0.0891 % of cross sect. area


2 330 mm in each direction

\ Provide 12 F @ 170 c/c + 10F @ 340c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 896 mm

>

2 799 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8F @ 130 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 9.25 kN/m ( 2 387 mm

>

2 330 mm

\ --SAFE--

9.25

66.89 )

2 -57.64 kN/m (

9.25

78.82 )

2 -69.57 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 69.57 =PA A b1= 400 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 370 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d here s st =
2 150 N/mm

PB = 57.64 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 5.25 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3078 1000 131 mm

Page 58

= Ast.min = =

2 123 mm

0.0891 % of cross sect. area


2 330 mm in each direction

\ Provide 10F @ 170 at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 462 mm

>

2 330 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 8 F @ 130 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 387 mm

>

2 330 mm

\ --SAFE--

Page 59

Page 60

Page 61

Page 62

:: DESIGN OF SIDE WALL & FOOTING ::


PROJECT : 30KLPD TOTAL SPIRIT CLIENT : SHREE VITHALRAO SHINDE S S K LTD.
March 4, 2003

DESIGN DATA :--

a) Liquid depth b) Free board, if any c) Unit weight of Concrete d) Unit weight of water e) Unit weight of soil f) Angle of Repose g) Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil h) Grade of concrete PROPERTIES OF WALL :-i) ii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) thickness of wall at base thickness of wall at top total height of wall, (Sd+fb) width of Toe slab width of Heel slab base width of wall footing thickness of raft

Ld fb g1 g2 g3 f

= = = = = = = =

2700 mm 300 mm 3 25 kN/m


3 10 kN/m 3 18 kN/m

30

2 200 kN/m 2 25 N/mm

tk t 1k h b1 b2 b tr

= = = = = = =

400 150 3000 450 1800 2650 350

mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

t1 k fb

h Sd

Toe tr b1 tk b b2

Heel

Page 63

DESIGN OF WALL -

Bending Moment in wall at the base, B.M.max. g 2 x h3 6 = 45.00 kNm

Depth reqd, dreqd.

B.M. max x 1000 = 0.3216 x 1000

374.07 mm

Thickness of wall at base = Thickness of wall at top = Ast.reqd = = Ast.min Vertical : = = BM * 106 s st * j * d
2 939 mm

400 mm 150 mm here s st = d=


2 150 N/mm 355 mm

0.0857 % of cross sect. area


2 343 mm in each direction

Provide 12F@ 115 c/c on inner face upto 2.5m, above 12F @ 230 c/c Ast.pro = Horizontal :
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING 2 983 mm

>

2 939 mm

\ --SAFE--

150 300

3000 1 4 3 2700

Toe 350 450 2 400 2650 1800

Heel

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :--

Page 64

Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil Vertical Wall 1 2 3 4 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 11.25 23.19 54.00 g1 9.38

Lever Arm (m) 0.775 1.325 1.750 0.617

Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 8.719 30.723 94.500 5.781

=(Sd*b2)* g 2 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2

Total Weight(SW1)=

97.81

139.723 45.000 94.723

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment 3.105 > = 2

139.72 45.00 \ --SAFE--

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 0.9684 m = (b/2)-x

94.72 97.81

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6, S W1 6xe (1+ b b )

0.3566 0.4417 \ --SAFE--

Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = =

2 66.71 kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 200 kN/m

\ --SAFE--

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = b (1-

6xe ) b

Page 65

2 7.11 kN/m

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

2650 450 Toe A 66.71 B 56.59 400 C 47.59 1800 D Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil = tr* g1 ld* g2 = =
2 8.75 kN/m 2 27.00 kN/m 2 35.75 kN/m (

7.11

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

= = = = PD = 28.64 \

35.75

47.59 )

2 -11.84 kN/m (

35.75 28.64 kN/m

7.11
2

Max. B. M. @ point C
2

P C= 11.84 C 1800 D

= (PC*(b2 )/2) + (1/2(b2*(PD-PC))*((2/3)b2)) = 37.33 kN-m

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft =

BM @ C * 106 0.3078 1000 348.2 mm

Provide

350 Ast.reqd

BM @ C * 106

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

Page 66

s st * j * d = Ast.min = = 937 mm
2

d=

295 mm

0.0800 % of cross sect. area


2 280 mm in each direction

\ Provide 12 F @ 140 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 808 mm

>

2 937 mm

\ --UNSAFE--

Provide 12 F @ 150 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = = = = =
2 8.75 kN/m ( 2 754 mm

>

2 280 mm

\ --SAFE--

8.75

56.59 )

2 -47.84 kN/m (

8.75

66.71 )

2 -57.96 kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B 57.96 =PA A b1= 450 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = = \ Provide 350 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d
2 139 mm

PB = 47.84 B

= (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1)) = 5.53 kN-m

BM @ B * 106 0.3078 1000 134 mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.0800 % of cross sect. area


2 280 mm in each direction

Page 67

\ Provide 12F @ 185 c/c + 20F @ 185 c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =
2 2309 mm

>

2 280 mm

\ --SAFE--

Provide 12 F @ 150 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 754 mm

>

2 280 mm

\ --SAFE--

SATBILITY ANALYSIS :-Weight Component Marked (kN) Vertical Wall Wall Footing Soil 1 2 3 =(t k *h)* =(t r*b)* g1 g1 11.25 23.19 24.30 6.75 35.00 4 = ((t k - t1 k) * h1) * 2 g1 9.38 Lever Arm (m) 1.875 1.325 2.425 2.367 2.300 1.883 Moment @ Toe (kN-m) 21.094 30.723 58.928 15.975 80.500 17.656

=(Sd*b2)* g 2

Surcharge Vertical Wall

Total Weight(SW1)=

109.86

224.876 0.000 224.876

Overturning Moment ( = Mnt. @ Bottom of Wall) = Net Stabilising Moment(SM1)= Factor of Safety against Overturning= = Stabalising Moment Overturning Moment #DIV/0! > = 2 224.88 0.00 \

#DIV/0!

Distance of resultant from Toe, x =

Net Stabalising Mmt(SM1) Total Weight (SW1) = 2.0469 m = (b/2)-x

224.88 109.86

Eccentricity,

= b/6 = as eccentricity is less than b / 6,

-2.0469 0.0000 \ --SAFE--

Page 68

S W1 Maximum pressure @ Toe, p-max = b = (1+

6xe ) b

2 #DIV/0! kN/m

Max. pr. is less than Bearing Capacity which is


2 0 kN/m

#DIV/0!

S W1 Minimum pressure @ Heel, p-min = b = (1-

6xe ) b

2 #DIV/0! kN/m

Pressure at variuos points is as shown in PRESSURE DIAGRAM.

0 0 Toe #DIV/0! A #DIV/0! B 0 C #DIV/0! 0 D #DIV/0! tr* g1 ld* g2 = =


2 0.00 kN/m 2 0.00 kN/m 2 0.00 kN/m (

Heel

DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -i) self weight of slab = ii) weight of soil =

\ Net pressure at point C,say PC and Net pressure at point D,say PD

0.00 #DIV/0! )

2 = #DIV/0! kN/m (

0.00 #DIV/0! )

2 = #DIV/0! kN/m (

PD = #DIV/0!

Max. B. M. @ point C

Page 69

P C= #DIV/0! C 0 D

= (PC*(b2 2)/2) + (1/2(b2*(PD-PC))*((2/3)b2)) = #DIV/0! kN-m

tk of heel slab reqd.

= = mm thick raft = =

BM @ C * 106 0.3078 1000 #DIV/0! mm

Provide

0 Ast.reqd

BM @ C * 106 s st * j * d
2 #DIV/0! mm

here s st = d=

2 150 N/mm -55 mm

Ast.min

= =

0.0800 % of cross sect. area


2 0 mm in each direction

\ Provide 12 F @ 100 c/c at top of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 1131 mm

>

2 #DIV/0! mm

#DIV/0!

Provide 10 F @ 150 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro = DESIGN OF TOE SLAB :-Downward pressure on Slab due to -self weight of slab = \ Net pressure at point B,say PB and Net pressure at point A,say PA tr* g1 = =
2 0.00 kN/m ( 2 524 mm

>

2 0 mm

\ --SAFE--

0.00 #DIV/0! )

2 = #DIV/0! kN/m (

0.00 #DIV/0! )

2 = #DIV/0! kN/m (

\ Max. B. M. @ point B #DIV/0! =PA A b1= 0 \ tk of toe slab reqd. = PB = #DIV/0! B = #DIV/0! kN-m BM @ B * 106 = (PB*(b1 2)/2) + (1/2(b1*(PA-PB))*((2/3)b1))

Page 70

0.3078 = \ Provide 0 Ast.reqd mm thick raft = = Ast.min = = BM @ B * 106 s st * j * d


2 #DIV/0! mm

1000

#DIV/0! mm

here s st =

2 150 N/mm

0.0800 % of cross sect. area


2 0 mm in each direction

\ Provide 10 F @ 100 c/c at bottom of wall footing, Ast.pro =


2 785 mm

>

2 #DIV/0! mm

#DIV/0!

Provide 10 F @ 150 c/c as distribution steel at top of wall footing having, Ast.pro =
2 524 mm

>

2 0 mm

\ --SAFE--

DESIGN OF CENTRAL RAFT Provide 250 mm thick central raft Provide 8F @ 150c/c bothways at top and bottom. As the liquid depth for all the Aeration tanks is same, therefore design of walls and footings will remain same as above.

Page 71

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Page 77