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AN ASSESSMENT OF SRI LANKAN SHIPPING LINES

Introduction: Sri Lanka has a number of Commercial Ports and a National Merchant Shipping Fleet that provides services to the Maritime Transport Industry. Ancillary services including Ship Repair, Ship Building, Bunkering Services, Salvage and Towage, Ship Chandelling and Off Shore Supplies, Cruise Shipping and Marinas and Ship Management are available. Multicountry consolidation, Entrepot Trade and Bulk Shipping are also services provided in Sri Lanka. Shipping During the 1970s, the trend of protectionist measures adopted by Developing Countries to overcome the control of liner shipping conferences, resulted in the creation of the Ceylon Shipping Corporation (CSC). The CSC acquired 8 ships. In the 1980s the CSC containerized its fleet ahead of its neighbours India, Pakistan and Bangladesh contributing to the development of the Colombo Ports efforts to become a hub port in the region. With the Liberalization of shipping in the late 1980s, and the rescission of the Central Freight Bureaus (CFB) export cargo allocation functions, the CSC was ill equipped to deal with the intense competition that was suddenly forced upon it resulting in near collapse of the CSC. Apart from the state owned CSC several companies own and operate vessels under the Sri Lankan Flag. Of these most operate only one or two vessels except Mercantile Shipping which is a joint-venture company with equity participation by German collaboration. Port sector In the development of Ports, the Policy Statement envisages that Colombo will be developed to maintain the Hub Port status it has enjoyed in the South Asian region. Galle is to be developed as a multipurpose Port that could meet the regional requirements in shipping including coastal shipping activities. Kankasanturai will be a regional Port catering to coastal shipping activities for the transport of essentials required in the region. Trincomalee is identified as a Port with a vast potential for the fostering many activities including, commercial shipping and cargo handling, industrial port activities, Ship repair and ship building activities, Cruise and Marina activities for tourism. Government is also encouraging
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private sector participation in the financing and operation of Port related infrastructure with public sector participation where necessary and feasible. Shipping sector In the shipping sector the Government contributes to the new liberalized environment prevailing in the shipping sector. The CFB is being restructured to handle the functions of research, compilation of statistics and for intervention in conflict resolution. To ensure that shipping services in and out of Sri Lanka are fair and competitive and thus strengthening the position of shippers, the shippers council and the freight forwarders Association will be strengthened. Development of multi-modal transport by the facilitation of related work is identified. As a policy to strengthen the National Carrier, the CSC will be encouraged to get involved in joint ventures with foreign collaborators on a commercial basis in areas such as feeder services. Barge services, passenger transport, ferry services etc. To promote a good network of feeder lines promotional packages directed at encouraging feeder operators to increase volumes of containers brought to Colombo is highlighted in the policy document. The CSC will also be encouraged to handle feeder activities. Sri Lanka and liberalization Central Freight Bureau Act was passed in 1973. Under this enactment booking of freight space in respect of goods, produce and merchandise of whatever class or description for ships from any port in Sri Lanka to any destination outside Sri Lanka was centralized. By late 1980s Sri Lanka suspended the operation of this Act and liberalized the freight business from Government hands. The consequences of this liberalization were hardest felt by the national carrier of Sri Lanka. Shipping Corporation which had nearly 14 vessels could not face the competition from bigger Lines. It stopped its voyages to Europe. Shipping Corporation started sustaining heavy losses. This resulted in selling almost all their vessels except for two small vessels which is used today for feeder services in this region.

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Liberalization of shipping agency business Somewhere in 1992 Government decided to liberalize the shipping agency business. Two Gazettes Notifications issued on the 24th and 26th of June 1992 allowed foreign principals to acquire 40 per cent shares in the shipping agency business. Bureau of Overseas Investment was given authority to increase this 40 per cent share holding even to a higher extent. At this time Ceylon Association of Steamer Agents took up this matter with the political leadership of the country. This is what they stated at that time. Shipping Lines are largely Foreign Companies earning their profits from liner operations, mainly transport of goods by sea, while Agents in this country earn only by providing services within the country. Hence, the nature of the business warrants that it be reserved for Sri Lankans. Liberalization of maritime transport services Sri Lankas current status of maritime transport services and the National Policy statement on Ports and Shipping together with the experiences gained highlight sentiments expressed by the Sri Lankan representative at the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference in Doha 9th to 13th of November 2001. Highlighting trade, it was stated that Sri Lanka recognizes that a strengthened rule based multilateral trading system is important for free and fair trade and a robust world economy is a prerequisite for all countries to benefit from growth in international trade in particular developing countries like Sri Lanka, whose external trade contributes 68 per cent to GNP. Therefore we reaffirm our commitment to rule based multilateral trading system. However, we share the view that imbalances and asymmetries do exist in a multilateral trading system and that developing countries have not shared the benefits in an equitable manner in the purported growth in international trade. The same has taken place in the sphere of liberalization where National Carriers have been reduced to near extinction, and assets have been leased out at unrealistically low values that will ultimately affect the economy of the country and its political stability. Considering the above, and the commitment made to follow the international trends and regulatory impositions, it would be important to have an opening to renegotiate agreements that have been found drastically lopsided, especially in the interest of the countrys economy and political stability.

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Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) The Sri Lankan shipping lines come under the Judistrication of The Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA). The Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) was established by Parliament in 1979, and it administered and operates all commercial ports in Sri Lanka, including the Port of Colombo. Being Sri Lankas premier port, the Port of Colombo has been the focus for all port development efforts in Sri Lanka since the SLPA was formed. The government has since decided to develop regional ports as well, and the SLPA is now working to develop the Ports of Galle, Trincomalee, Kankasanthurai, Point Pedru, and Hambantota. The Port of Colombos Jaya Container Terminals are located at the western and northern entrances to the port. They cover 130 hectares of land and 70 hectares of water surface. They contain fthemain berths and two feeder berths. The quays are a total of 1292 meters long with an additional 350 meters of feeder berth quay at dredged depths ranging from 12 to 15 meters. The quays are equipped with Panamax and Super Post-Panamax quayside container cranes and rail-mounted gantry cranes. The Jaya container terminal areas in the Port of Colombo cover 45.5 hectares and contain stacking capacity for 44.1 thousand TEUs of dry containers and 1.5 TEUs of reefer containers. The Container Freight Station area covers 15 thousand square meters. State-ofthe-art computer systems maintain effective and efficient management practices and real-time yard use planning and operations. The Port of Colombos Unity Container Terminal has two container berths and one multi purpose berth dredged to depths from 9 to 11 meters. The terminal has 590 meters of quay and 1.5 hectares of container terminal area with stacking capacity for 8 thousand TEUs. The terminal is equipped with three quayside container cranes and 50 terminal tractors. The South Asia Gateway Terminals at the Port of Colombo have a total of 940 meters of berths with alongside depth of 15 meters. The terminal covers 20 hectares of total area and offers 12 hectares of stacking area, including 540 reefer slots with capacity for 1620 TEUs. The Port of Colombo offers a total of 6245 square meters of bonded warehouse including 125 square meters of cool room. These warehouses are equipped to accept all types of goods

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except dangerous or perishable goods. Twenty-four-the security service is provided, and small processing services for re-export cargoes are available at Warehouse BQII. The Port of Colombo South Harbor Development Project is planned to be located west of the current southwest breakwater. Covering about 600 hectares, the new development will contain five terminals, each over 1200 meters long with alongside depths of 18 meters. In the future, the Port of Colombo may deepen the berths to 23 meters for deep-draft vessels. The South Harbor channel will be 560 meters long with a depth of 20 meters and a harbor basin depth of 18 meters with a 600-meter turning circle. Major Shipping Lines operating in Sri Lanka:

Shipping Line Advance Container Lines Pte Ltd. AKA-Trans American President Line ANL Singapore Pte Ltd Asiatic Shipping Services Inc. Australian National Line Balaji Logistics Singapore (Pte) Ltd. Balaji Shipping Co. (UK) Ltd., Bangladesh Shipping Corporation Bengal Tiger Line Black Sea Shipping Co C& Line (Korea) Carvel Lines Cenep Ceylon Shipping Corporation Ltd Ceyserv-Venus Line Cheng Lie Navigation China National Foreign Transportation Corp. China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company

Abbreviation ACL Aka-Trans APL ANL ASIATIC ANL BLPL BALAJI BSC BTL BLASCO C& Caravel Cenep CSC Ceyserv CNC Sinotrans Cosco China Shipping

Country Singapore Russia Singapore Singapore Malaysia Australia Singapore UK Bangladesh Cyprus USSR Korea

Local Shipping Agent Eastern Maritime (Colombo) Ltd. Cargoserv Shipping Ltd APL Lanka (Pvt) Ltd. CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd. Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd. Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd. Asha Agencies Ltd. BTL Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Ceylon Ocean Lines Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Sea Trade Services (Pvt) Ltd

Russia Sri Lanka USA Taiwan China China China France

Cenep Lanka Agencies (Pvt) Ltd Ceylon Shipping Corporation Ltd Cargoserv Shipping Ltd CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Cosco Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Neptune Shipping Agencies (Pvt) Ltd

China Shipping Container Lines Co CMA CGM

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CMA CGM Marseilles CGM Compagnie General Maritime CMA Compagnie Maritime DAffretement CCNI Compania Chilena De Navig. Interoceanica. Compania Sud Americana De Vapores S.A. Contship Container Lines Crocodile Croatia Line Delmas Crocodile Line ENC Delmas Line ECMT Egyptian Navigation Company Emrat Egyption Company for Maritime Transport Emarat Shipping LLC. Emirates Express Line Emirates Shipping L.L.C. Emirates Shipping Line FZE Emirates Trading Agency L.L.C. Evergreen International S.A. FAR Shipping Lines Gati Coast to Coast Global Container Lines Gold star Line Ltd Green Feeder Lines Ltd Gulf Agencies Company (Dubai) LLC Gulf Shipping Lines H&H Lines Ltd Hamburg Sud Hanjin Shipping of Seoul Hapag Lloyd Akities Gessollache Hatsu Marine Ltd. London HRC Shipping Ltd. Dhaka Hub Line Hyundai Merchant Marine Co Ltd EXL ESL Emirates ETA EMC FSL Gati Coast GCL Gold star GFL GAC GSL U.A.E. Hong Kong U.A.E. Panama U.A.E. Egypt Egypt France CSAV Contship Croatia Chile France France

CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd CMA-CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd CMA-CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd McLarens Shipping Ltd. Chile Norlanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd UK Mclarens Shipping Ltd Croatia Total Transportation Services (Pvt) Ltd Total Transportation Services (Pvt) Ltd CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Asha Agencies Ltd. Diamond Shipping Services Pvt Ltd. Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Malship (Ceylon) Ltd. Sterling Navigation Agencies (Pvt) Ltd Malship (Ceylon) Ltd. Singapore Greenlanka Shipping Ltd India U.A.E. Hong Kong Sri Lanka Malship (Ceylon) Ltd. Dubai Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Ocean Lanka Services (Pvt) Ltd H&H GAC Shipping Ltd Hamburg Sud Hanjin HLAG Hanjin Shipping Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Hatsu HRC Hub Line Greenlanka Shipping Ltd Hyundai IAL India IOL Shipping &Cargo Logistic (Pvt) Hub Line Agencies (Lanka) Ltd South Korea U.A.E. HRC Agencies Lanka (Pvt) Ltd England Hanjin Shipping Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Bangladesh Spence Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Germany Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Seoul Korea Ceyline Agencies (Pvt) Ltd FAR shipping Lines Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Ceylon Ship Suppliers Co. (1972) Ltd

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IAL Container Line (UK) Ltd Indian Ocean Lines Integrated Container Feeder Service Inter Pacific Shipping Irano Hind Shipping Co. Ltd Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines Italia Marittima S.P.A. Jindal Waterways Pvt Ltd Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd Laurel Navigation (Mauritius) Ltd Laurel Navigation Ltd Lily Marine Services (PTE) Ltd Lily Shipping Trading (PTE) Ltd MacAndrews Line Maersk Line Malaysia International Shipping Corporation Maldivian National Shipping Ltd

ICFS Singapore IFS Iran Iranohind Iran IRISL Italy Italia India Jindal Japan K Line Hong Kong Laurel Hong Kong LNL Singapore Lily Marine Maldives Lily MacAndrews Maersk Malaysia Bhd MISC Maldives MNSL France Marfret Japan MOL Maxicon

Ltd Sea Horse Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Sri Lanka Shipping Co Ltd Sri Lanka Shipping Co Ltd Ocean Lanka Services (Pvt) Ltd Pership Shipping Ltd Pership Shipping Ltd Triestino Lanka Shipping Ltd Aitken Spence Shipping Services (Pvt) Ltd ABC Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Neon Maritime (Pvt) Ltd Neon Maritime (Pvt) Ltd CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Maersk Lanka (Pvt) Ltd MISC Agencies Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Malship (Ceylon) Ltd McOcean Logistics Ltd. Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Prudential Shipping Line (PTE) Ltd McStar Ltd MSC Agencies (Pvt) Ltd Mercantile Shipping Company Ltd Japan Hong Kong Belcon Agency Ltd Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Lanka (Pvt) Ltd

Marfret Compagnie Maritime, Marseilles McSTAR Maritime Orient Ltd MSC Maxicon Container Line (PTE) Ltd. MSCL McSTAR Ltd MOSK Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. NSCSA Mercantile Shipping Co Ltd Nautilus Mitsui Osaki Shosen Kaisha Neptune National Shipping Company of NGPL Nautilus Shipping Agencies. NYK Neptune Container Line Norasia New Guinea Pacific Line Oldendorff Nippon Yusen Kaisha Line OEL Norasia Shipping Services SA OOCL Oldendorff Line OSS Orient Express Line OT Africa Orient Overseas Container Line Ltd P&O Ned Singapore Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Norlanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd U.A.E. Hong Kong Total Transportation Services (Pvt) Ltd N.Y.K. Line Lanka (Pvt) Ltd U.A.E. Pan Global Shipping (Pvt) Ltd K.J.S. Shipping Services (Pvt) Ltd Saudi Arabia Greece Japan Sri Lanka

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Orient Shipping Services LLC PAC OT Africa Line PIL P&O Nedlloyd Ltd PTSA PACC Container Line (Pvt) Ltd PNSC Pacific International Lines (Pvt) Ltd PISC Pacific Timor Shipping Agency Pte Ltd Pan Ocean Pakistan National Shipping Corporation Australia Pan Islamic Steamship Corporation Ltd Perkins Pan Ocean Shipping Co. Ltd. Perma PDZ Line POL Perkins (Shipping) Pvt. Ltd RCL Perma Container (UK) Line Ltd Samudera Polish Ocean Lines Scindia Regional Container Lines Seacon Samudera Shipping (Pvt) Ltd, SEA Scindia Line Senator Sea Consortium Pvt Ltd Shamrock Line Sea Express Line SCI Senator Lines Gmbh & Co. KG. Shreyas Shamrock G. Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Simatech Shipping Corporation of India Safmarine Shreyas Shipping & Logistics Ltd. St. JOHN Simatech Shipping L.L.C. STOLT South African Maritime Shipping Corporation St. John Conatiner Lines (Pte) Ltd, Stolt Nielsen Transportation Group Ltd. STX Pan Ocean Line TS Line Swire Shipping UGMC Tasman Orient Line C.V. UASC Tata Martrade International WAN Hai TS Line Ltd Wijsmuller Uniglory Marine Corporation Ltd Willine United Arab Shipping Company (SAG) Singapore Liberia Norway Netherland Taiwan U.A.E. England STX Swire TOL Taiwan TMIL New Zealand Korea U.A.E. South Africa Singapore U.A.E. India India German Singapore India Indonesia Australia Poland PDZ Korea Pakistan Pakistan Singapore Singapore

Lanka Orient Express Lines Ltd OOCL Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Orient Shipping Services L.L.C. CMA CGM Lanka (Pvt) Ltd P & O Nedlloyd Keels (Pvt) Ltd Aitken Spence Shipping Services (Pvt) Ltd Eastern Maritime (Colombo) Ltd Premier Shipping (Pvt) Ltd. M.A. Razak & Co. Ltd M.A. Razak & Co. Ltd Marine International Agencies (Pvt) Ltd. Cargoserv Shipping Ltd Pership Shipping Ltd. Maritime Logistics Colombo (Pvt) Ltd Ceylon Ocean Lines Ltd Delmage Forsyth & Co. (Shipping) Ltd Capricorn Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Asha Agencies Ltd Sea Consortium Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Swift Shipping & Trading (Pvt) ltd Ceyline Agencies (Pvt) Ltd Prudential Shipping Line (PTE) Ltd Asha Agencies Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Simatech Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Maersk Lanka (Pvt) Ltd Ocean Lanka Services (Pvt) Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd. Setmil-United Cargo (Pvt) Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Clarion Shipping (Pvt) Ltd

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Windermere Wan Hai Lines Ltd. Windsor Wijsmuller Salvage BV. YML Wilhelmsen Lines A.S. Zim Windermere Navigation Inc. McLarens Shipping Ltd. Windsor Lines Ltd. B.V.I. Equity Services Ltd. Yangming Marine Transport Corporation Barwill Meridian Navigation Ltd. Zim Integrated Shipping Services Ltd Malship (Ceylon) Ltd. Neon Maritime (pvt) Ltd. Asha Shipping Ltd. Star Lanka Shipping (Pvt) Ltd Belcon Agencies Ltd. Hong Kong Green Lanka Shipping Ltd Taiwan Diamond Shipping Services (Pvt) Ltd

SRI LANKAN SHIPPING LINES:1) Greenlanka Shipping Ltd


GREENLANKA SHIPPING LTD was incorporated in 1986 and is engaged in Shipping, Transportation, Logistical and other business matters relating to the Shipping industry. GREENLANKA SHIPPING LTD is the Sole Agent in Sri Lanka for EVERGREEN LINE of Taiwan which is one of the world's largest container shipping companies. The companies presence in Sri Lanka has been well established and is a dominant player in the shipping industry as the Colombo Port enjoys a Hub status for the ISC region.

EVERGREEN vessels have the highest number of calls to Colombo with around 22 of their own vessels and around 8 on slot sharing basis visiting the Colombo Port. EVERGREEN is the highest contributor of revenue to the Port of Colombo. With the formation of HATSU MARINE LTD, HATSU LANKA AGENCIES LTD London in the year 2002 by the EVERGREEN GROUP, GREENLANKA SHIPPING LTD was automatically appointed as the Agent to handle this Line as well. In 2007 the joining of forces between shipping giants Evergreen Marine, Hatsu Shipping & Italia Marittima brought about EVERGREEN LINE the principal office for Greenlanka.

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2) Mercantile Shipping Company limited


Mercantile Shipping Company PLC (MSCL), founded in 1981, is the largest ship owner and operator in Sri Lanka. The multipurpose fleet presently consists of 5 high quality, partly brand new vessels in the range of 7,800 to 17, 430 tons dwt which are operated throughout the Indian Ocean and world-wide. The clientele, mainly traders and exporters & importers, the vessels are employed on time charter, trip charter and voyage charter as well as long-term contracts (COA's) which enables us to react to the transport demands of the customers with flexible and appropriate transport solutions. The experienced and professional staff ensures at any time high quality service and offers to the valued customers all assistance related to shipping. Mercantile Shipping Company Ltd. is the multipurpose partner for any kind of conventional cargoes, break bulk and project-loads. They always strive for first class and reliable service at most competitive rates, based on ships with highest maintenance and quality standards. The customers are the partners in a joint business. History Mercantile Shipping Company PLC was established in 1981 as a German - Sri Lankan joint venture, listed at the Colombo stock exchange. It successfully combines German shipping expertise and local in-depth market knowledge. Today MSCL is Sri Lankans leading ship owning company. In 1986 MSCL became a pioneer in private maritime seafarer training in Sri Lanka by establishing its own Mercantile Seamen Training Institute (MSTI) in Galle. The company had realized at this very early stage that the key to growth and quality is well trained and experienced crew. Today the company benefits from having trained well more than 1000 seafarers by being the leading quality ship owner in the region ship owner in the region International trading companies and shippers are using MSCL for their high valued cargoes. The experience and profound knowledge gained in the infrastructural environment of the Indian Ocean made MSCL a well reputed and reliable ship owning partner for liner operators trading into regions of similar infrastructure like West Africa and the Caribbean. During the past 25+ years Mercantile Shipping Company PLC developed from a ship owner performing liner services around Sri Lanka to a reliable partner in the international tramp
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traffic. Profile Mercantile Shipping Company PLC owns / operates presently 5 general cargo and semicontainer vessels in the range of 7,800 to 17,430 tdwt.

The vessels match highest quality and maintenance standards and are classified under Germanischer Lloyd and Bureau Veritas. All vessels are P&I covered through the West of England Ship Owners Mutual Insurance Association (Luxembourg). The management of MSCL combines Sri Lankan and German top management and merges long lasting experience and expertise in all fields of international shipping MSCL offers complete transport solutions for any kind of conventional and general cargo, based on sound business practises and established values. They offer Time Charter on short and mid term, voyage charter (flt,fios,fi/lo,li/fo), long-term contracts. Whatever the transport requirements are, they offer the adequate solution. the adequate solution.

Area covered
5 vessels ranging from 7,800 to 17,430 tdwt, all geared, tween and single deckers Multipurpose, Conventional and Break bulk ships Ships of highest quality and maintenance standards Time charter, Trip charter, Voyage charter (On Liner Terms or FIOS) Long term contract shipments P&I through West of England Beyond transport, advice and assistance is also offered to the valued customers

3) ZIM Integrated Shipping services Ltd


ZIM Integrated Shipping Ltd was established in 1945, and has developed into one of the largest, leading carriers in the global container shipping industry. At ZIM, they are committed to providing the clients around the world with reliable, flexible shipping solutions based on expertise gained from over half a century of experience. They cultivate long-term

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partnerships with the customers to delivering a range of services adapted to meet their specific needs with the ZIM seal of quality. For ZIMs highly skilled and professional staff, there is no cargo challenge that cannot be met. ZIMs customers enjoy the peace of mind that comes from working with a carrier that offers proven shipping solutions, including out-of-gauge cargo, perishable goods, or hazardous cargo. ZIM remains at the forefront of the carrier industry by rapidly adapting to commercial developments and emerging markets. This approach is an integral part of ZIMs working philosophy, and drives the expansion of the operations in established East-West trade routes, while they pursue the development of the carrier services in the worlds newest, most dynamic markets. Mission: Global Reach, Local Touch Vision: When the cargo is far from home, it is close to ZIMs heart. At ZIM, every customer is a valued individual. As a ZIM customer, the benefits of working with a carrier that is large enough to provide shipping services in every corner of the world, yet small enough to give you the personal attention you deserve. ZIM offers comprehensive account management services delivered by the personal service representative, a professional shipping expert dedicated to anticipating and meeting the needs. This individual approach ensures that you receive first-class, fully customized services, handled entirely by ZIM, so you are free to focus on the business. ZIM is owned by the holding company Israel Corporation, a market leader committed to helping ZIM fulfil its mission. As they face the future, ZIM is ideally positioned to successfully navigate the global Shipping market while remaining dedicated to the delivery of the highest level of customer service.

Services Network
ZIM Extending excellence across the globe. ZIMs global reach extends to over 120 countries, with a network of global and regional shipping services that connects the business to strategic ports around the world. When working with ZIM, you are assured comprehensive geographical coverage via a complex
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feeder network operating from hub ports on all major international trade routes. At every stage of the supply chain, ZIMs trusted subsidiaries and affiliates form a network of shipping agents with specialized local knowledge to tailor the solution so its a perfect fit.

Fleet & Containers


ZIMs superior shipping solutions demand a state-of-the-art fleet. ZIMs fleet comprises over 100 modern vessels, including mega-vessels of 8,000 and 10,000 TEUs, with a total carrying capacity of over 337,000 TEU. They operate approximately 358,806 containers (582,000 TEU), of which 34,250 are special equipment containers. The average age of the containers does not exceed five years. Beyond the scope and quality of the fleet and containers, they ZIM take pride in managing and monitoring the vessels according to the highest industry standards. In this way, ZIM guarantees you optimal performance and outstanding results. When it comes to special cargo, nobody knows shipping like ZIM. The skilled and experienced team has handled extraordinary shipping challenges, including perishable goods, dangerous goods, and out-ofgauge cargo. They provide guidance and assistance for every type of cargo no matter how unusual based on ZIMs expertise and capabilities. In partnership with theaffiliates, ZIM successfully solves any logistical challenge with tailor-made shipping solutions to meet ytherequirements and honor ythepreferences.

Facts and figures


Annual turnover 2012: $3.96 billion TEU's Carried in 2012: 2.4 million Total TEU Capacity (owned and chartered vessels): 363,474 TEUs Fleet: Young fleet (weighted average life of 5.7 years) of about 90 vessels, 28 fully or partly owned Containers: over 550,537 TEUs (as of December 31, 2012) of various types Ports of Call: 180 throughout the world, with 10 strategically located hubs Services: Over 60 lines and services, mostly on a weekly, fixed-day basis, covering all major trade routes with regional connections Employees: ~6000
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Regional Headquarters: Haifa (Israel), Norfolk, Virginia (USA), Hamburg (Germany), Hong Kong Agents: ZIM has more than 450 offices and representatives in over 135 countries throughout the world China: Strong presence in China with over 30 offices and hundreds of employees IT systems: over $100 million invested in recent years in modern, centralized IT systems

4) Ceylon Shipping Corporation limited


Company Profile June, 1971 was a historical day for the contemporary shipping industry of Sri Lanka, when the country's legislatures gave the nod to establish Ceylon Shipping Corporation as a fully government owned commercial enterprise. Infant National Carrier under the brand name of CSC grew from strength to strength and earned the credibility as a dependable carrier from Europe to Fareast and North of India to Australia. CSC helped many non-traditional export produces to enter global markets and establish footholds when the freight was a prohibitive factor and sailing opportunities were minimal at the time. In 1992, Government of Sri Lanka conferred more commercial independence to CSC enabling her to respond to market forces more quickly, by converting the Corporation into a limited liability company Ceylon Shipping Corporation Ltd. Government of Sri Lanka still fully owns CSC being one of the strategically important state entities for the island nation. CSC was the first South Asian carrier to start container services from South Asia to Europe in 1980. CSC was a key partner in the progress and modernization of Colombo port as the premier container hub port in the South Asia in late 1970s. CSC has been developing muchneeded human resources for the shipping industry of the country being the Alma Mator for many shipping experts and seafarers. VISION: To develop a dependable and effective National Fleet of Ships for the country. MISSION: To cater to the sea transportation needs of the export, import and local coastal Trades of Sri Lanka that needs assistance from the National Carrier. In-house Ship broking:

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CSCL has its own exclusive In-house Ship broking/Chartering Dept with vast experience in vessel chartering and is capable of arranging any type of fixtures befitting the requirement of any company engaged in export and import trades to the satisfaction of both charterers and owners through the worldwide contacts with many ship owners

5) Ceylon Shipping Lines Limited (CSL)


Ceylon Shipping Lines Limited (CSL) was incorporated as a Private Limited Liability Company in 1954, as a joint venture between Norwegian and Swedish nationals, to conduct business as Ship Operators and Shipping Agents. In 1978 CSL became fully owned by the Government of Sri Lanka. The company was privatized in December 1992, with the Government of Sri Lanka continuing as a minority shareholder. CSL today is at the pivot of a widely diversified and highly successful conglomerate. The Organization is rapidly progressing in the international arena, backed by its Global Agency Representation Network in over 20 countries. The Company commands vast financial and human resources that have brought into focus a new horizon of opportunities to give CSL a competitive edge in the commercial world.

Mission: To be known Globally & Locally as a premier Freight Solutions Provider. Corporate objectives Maximizing Shareholder wealth. Providing Opportunities for employees to develop. Building a culture of team work and spirit to bring out the best in people. Fostering mutually beneficial relationships with all business partners.

6) Sea horse shipping pvt ltd


Sea Horse Shipping was formed in November 2001 and represents major shipping lines handling Liner, NVOCC, All types of Break Bulk & Casual Callers, Project & Special cargo vessels. Also acts as Bunker brokers, Ship chandlers, Launch operators, Crew Recruitment in addition to handling ships. Having a dynamic and dedicated staff with well over 25 years experience in shipping, Sea Horse Shipping (Pvt) Ltd is geared to cater to the ever demanding needs of its prospective local and international customers.
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SHS has emerged as a leading company in handling specialised project cargo and in the bulk handling of heavy machinery. SHS acts as managing agents handling the crew and technical management of the couple of tanker vessels for major ship operator. This company was awarded ISO accreditation in the year 2002 by Lloyds Register of Quality Assurance, London.

Products and services


Main Line Representation NVOCC Representation All types of Break Bulk, Bulk Cargo, Tanker vessels Handling agents Multi Country Consolidation Crew Recruitments Crew & Technical Managers Bunker Brokers Project Cargo Ship Chandlers

7) Diamond Shipping Services Pvt Ltd


The company Diamond Shipping Services Pvt Ltd is based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. They are a subsidiary of the Sharaf Group Dubai & Sri Lanka Shipping Company., Diamond Shipping is formed as a joint yet an independent company of these two long established regional major shipping and transport Groups.Diamond Shipping Pvt, Ltd. established in 2003 offers a range of shipping services and solutions. Although young as a company, they have rapidly gained a reputation of being highly reliable, professional and able to offer quality and cost effective services. Diamond Shipping Services Pvt Ltd., the SPARKLE IN SOUTH ASIA for Shipping Agency solutions and professional services throughout Sri Lanka.

8) Prudential Shipping Lines PVT ltd


Prudential Shipping Lines is a resourceful company committed to delivering professional shipping services that are timely and cost-effective. They emerge through a business philosophy keen on establishing mutually beneficial business relationships for prosperity and growth in tandem. At Prudential Shipping Lines it is not just a business transaction they enter into with the clients but a partnership built on Trust, Reliability and Professionalism.
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The reason for being has been the ability to provide superior, cost-effective, efficient and timely services; an experience one may liken to sailing into smoother waters. Prudential Shipping Lines is strengthened by a team of professionals with a collective experience of over 100 years in the shipping industry. The Management and senior staff have obtained qualifications and expertise both locally and internationally. These experts are united by a common vision to become the most sought-after service provider of global repute, driven by strong values and service ethics while bestowing high profitability to all stakeholders. They continuously strive to enhance employee excellence/productivity through training and development, and upgrade the standard of services on offer. Engaged in global industry and commerce, Prudential Shipping Lines understands the imperative need of seamless transactions and so provides a variety of services from Vessel Agency to all Husbandry services. The companys dynamism is revealed in its capability to serve ships calling Colombo and other ports of Sri Lanka, as well as Maldives, providing agency services to the Shipping industry. Located in the heart of the busy Central Business District of Colombo, Prudential Shipping Lines is housed in a state-of-the-art office complex, complete with all facilities needed, to meet the challenges of Shipping, Logistics and Commerce. The sound equity and financial prowess only serves to further reflect the steadfastness of the company. Vessel They specialize in handling all types of vessels including Container Liner, Break Bulk, RORO, Tankers, and Passenger, Yachts and Naval vessels providing Cargo booking, Owners protection and husbandry services. They offer complete in-house solutions to all the shipping and marine requirements. Prudential Shipping can coordinate all stages of the supply chain, adapting the services to the needs and ensuring a prompt and efficient service delivery that consistently aims to exceed the expectations. A comprehensive range of Marine logistics services including full cargo import and export services, local customs clearance facilities, as well as local haulage, distribution and warehousing facilities, are on offer.

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They keep the principals informed of Market conditions and happenings on a regular basis so that the Principals can determine the Potential opportunities in a timely manner. They maintain a good rapport with all the stakeholders in the Industry including Customers Importers/Exporters, Regulatory bodies, Ports Authority, Customs, etc. The network of associates combined with the competence and experience puts us in a unique position to change the way they handle the customers multiple port calls.

9) GAC Sri Lanka


Overview Established in 1991, GAC Sri Lanka offers a full range of professional shipping, marine and logistics services. With offices in Colombo, Galle, Hambantota and Trincomalee they cover all ports in the country and can handle any type of vessel and cargoes. Whether you require full agency, owners protecting agency or husbandry agency services, GAC Sri Lanka can handle the call. The extensive portfolio of services includes loading and discharge of wet and dry bulk, general cargo and containers, dry dockings, supply of bunker fuel, crew changes, spare parts and more. GAC Sri Lankas ship supply service enables vessels that ply the busy sea lanes to take provisions, spares and new crew without diverting from their route. The fleet of twelve modern high speed crafts ensures fast and safe delivery around the clock. They also provide full service for embarkation and disembarkation of marine security personnel with their equipment. The GAC fleet is able to provide rapid response to emergencies on board vessels. Transferring bulk liquids and LPG from ship-to-ship is a highly technical operation that requires not only specialised skills and equipment but also prompt mobility and in-depth experience dealing with contingency situations. GAC Sri Lanka has exactly what it takes to deliver ship-to-ship services safely and seamlessly for a wide variety of liquid cargo such as crude oil, petroleum products and liquefied gas using 100% own equipment. The support to the Oil and Gas Industry, both onand off-shore, includes a full range of agency and logistic services offered as an integrated and complete package. It contains initial advice and documentation to facilitate the import and re-export of specialised marine equipment (rigs, platforms, support vessels) as well as handling and storage of consignments like drilling tools, machinery, spares and more. As a

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licensed customs house agent (CHA) all import and export clearances can be provided inhouse. The extensive range of logistics services includes everything from supply chain management, customs clearance, sea and air freight, warehousing and distribution to project and event logistics. They also provide international moving services. With a network of over 300 GAC offices worldwide, they combine local expertise with the worldwide infrastructure and resources of the GAC Group including strong relationships with the worlds premier carriers which enables the customers to benefit from favourable rates and gain priority access to capacity even during peak times. Fast Turnaround Efficient ISO-certified procedures and close working relationships with local authorities, suppliers and the local shipping industry enables GAC Sri Lanka to provide rapid turnaround of vessels in any situation. Reducing the time spent waiting, in port and leading up to final disbursements, are key priorities to help ensure time-and-cost efficiency for GAC Sri Lankas customers. What makes GAC Shipping special? Reliable market intelligence Up-to-date customised reports and information High quality service delivery through the ISO certified quality system 24/7 operation Fast turnaround and short lead-times for final disbursements Dedicated fleet of multi-purpose vehicles for crew and spares services Dedicated fleet of supply vessels for safe and efficient service off Galle and Colombo Highest safety standards

10) Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC)


Worlds second- largest shipping line in terms of container vessel capacity. MSC operates 434 vessels and has a capacity of 2,174,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU). The Genoa-based company operates in all major ports of the world. MSC's most important port is Antwerp in Belgium.

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MSC serves 270 ports worldwide on the six continents. 350 local offices, employing a total of 29,000 people, provide an agency network representation. Vessels with the capacity of up to 13,800 TEU, including one of the largest container ships, MSC Emanuela and her sistership MSC Beatrice. The growth of MSC is fully organic, and not through Mergers and Acquisition. The line was named shipping line of the year in 2007 for the sixth time in eleven years by Lloyds Loading List, which is an achievement not matched by any other shipping line.

11) United Arab Shipping Company


Service area: Kuwait , Dubai, Middle East and west Africa region from Dubai, the European region from London, the Far East and Australia region from Singapore, and the North American region from Cranford - New Jersey. Products: Container shipping

United Arab Shipping Company was established in July 1976 jointly by six shareholding Arab states of the Persian

Gulf (Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and U.A.E). The UASC fleet operates more than 18 services. UASC owns and operates a fleet of 58 fully cellular container vessels.

12) Yang Ming Marine Transport Corporation


Area served : Asia, Europe, Americas, Australia and Africa USA accounted for 20.3

per cent of Sri Lanka's exports, followed by UK (10.5 per cent) and EU (23.3 per cent, excluding UK). Garments continued to account for the bulk of exports to these markets. Among EU member countries, Italy (5.8 per cent), Belgium (5.4 per cent) and Germany (4.8 per cent) remained the leading export destinations in 2011. Almost 79 per cent of Sri Lanka's processed diamonds were exported to Belgium in 2011. Exports to India accounted for about 4.9 per cent of Sri Lanka's total exports, increased by 9.5 per cent in 2011 and comprised of machinery and equipment, animal fodder, spices and garments. Services : Shipping services, logistics services

This shipping line was founded in 1972 Ocean shipping company based in Keelung, Taiwan (ROC)
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Yang Ming currently operates 84 container ships up to 8,250 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) and 17 bulk carriers). At the middle of 2012, Yang Ming operates a fleet of 85 vessels with a 4.2-millionD.W.T / operating capacity 346 thousand TEUS, of which container ships are the mains service force. Yang Ming's service scope covers over 70 nations with more than 170 service points. Export Performance of Sri Lanka Exports which rebounded in 2010, strengthened further during 2011 despite a fragile recovery in the world economy. Earnings from exports exceeded the US dollars 10 billion mark and reached US dollars 10,559 million, an increase of 22.4 per cent in 2011 over the previous year. The export growth in 2011 is commendable and highlighted the resilience of exports as it was achieved amidst slow and uncertain economic recovery in Sri Lanka's traditional markets, particularly, USA, EU, and the Middle East. The expansion in domestic economic activities and the favourable investment climate with low interest rates and improved infrastructure contributed to the growth in exports. The largest contribution to the growth in export earnings amounting to US dollars 1,896 million came from industrial exports followed by agricultural exports (US dollars 221 million). Industrial exports increased by 31.1 per cent to US dollars 7,992 million in 2011. Major contribution to this growth came from exports of textiles and garments, rubber products and petroleum products. Further, earnings from exports of food, beverages and tobacco, gems, diamonds and jewellery, transport equipment and machinery and mechanical appliances made a significant contribution to export earnings. Earnings from agricultural exports, which accounted for 23.9 per cent of total exports, increased by 9.6 per cent to US dollars 2,528 million. Earnings from traditional agricultural crops increased due to higher prices that prevailed in the international market during the first half of 2011. Among agricultural exports, tea accounted for 14.1 per cent of total export earnings in 2011 followed by coconut (2.5 per cent), spices (2.2 per cent) and rubber (2 per cent). Tea exports continued to be the major agricultural export, contributing 59 per cent to the total agricultural exports. Earnings from export of rubber and coconut increased mainly due to an increase in prices. A short supply of natural rubber in the world market resulting from
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unfavorable weather conditions in major rubber producing countries coupled with high oil prices contributed to higher prices at the Colombo auction, particularly in the first half of 2011. A short supply of natural rubber in the world market resulting from unfavourable weather conditions in major rubber producing countries coupled with high oil prices contributed to higher prices at the Colombo auction, particularly in the first half of 2011. Despite higher export prices, export volumes of rubber declined by 17.9 per cent in 2011, due to increased domestic demand by rubber manufacturing industries and the Cess on raw rubber exports. Meanwhile, earnings from export of coconut products increased by 60.4 per cent to US dollars 266 million in 2011, largely due to higher earnings from desiccated coconut exports. The sharp increase in desiccated coconut exports was driven by higher volumes and favourable prices fetched at auctions. Export of fresh coconuts declined both in value and volume terms by 46.4 per cent and 60.5 per cent, respectively, in 2011 due to increased domestic demand. Earnings from spices and minor agricultural products grew with favourable prices in the international market. Earnings from spices led by cinnamon and nutmeg increased by 13.5 per cent to US dollars 235 million in 2011. Cinnamon exports grew by 31.4 per cent to US dollars 129 million largely due to an increase in prices by 30.8 per cent to US dollars 9.38 per kg in 2011. Earnings from pepper and cloves declined due to a decrease in export volumes although prices remained high. Minor agricultural products including fruits, edible nuts, cereals, flowers and foliage and cocoa recorded higher export earnings. Earnings from unmanufactured tobacco increased by 19.2 per cent to US dollars 38 million in 2011. Import Performance of Sri Lanka Expenditure on imports increased by 50.7 per cent to US dollars 20,269 million in 2011 compared to US dollars 13,451 million in 2010. Higher demand for all major categories of imports; consumer, intermediate and investment goods, as well as higher international commodity prices contributed to the surge in import expenditure. Import of intermediate goods accounted for 60.6 per cent of total imports while investment goods accounted for 21.2 per cent of total imports. Consumer goods imports accounted for 18 per cent to the total import expenditure. The average import price of crude oil increased by 36.6 per cent to US dollars 108.59 per barrel during the year, compared to US dollars 79.52 per barrel during
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2010, mainly due to increased demand from emerging market economies and political uncertainties which prevailed in oil exporting countries in North Africa and the Middle East. The expenditure on textile imports amounted to US dollars 2,321 million in 2011, reflecting both the increased demand for apparel exports and higher prices of textiles, particularly prevailed in the first half of 2011.On net terms, exports of textiles and garments amounted to US dollars 1,871 million in 2011. The expenditure on fertiliser imports increased, led by higher prices that prevailed in the international market and increased volume of imports as the fertiliser subsidy was extended to cover all crops, effective from May 2011. Expenditure on wheat and maize imports also increased. Import of other categories of intermediate goods, such as chemicals, diamonds and precious metals also increased during the period. Meanwhile, import of gold, which is the main sub-category within the import of diamonds, precious stones and metals, increased due to the removal of import duty on gold in 2010. Import of investment goods recorded a significant increase of 55.4 per cent in 2011 to US dollars 4,286 million led by increase in transport equipment, machinery as well as building materials. Increase in investment goods imports was attributed mainly to the large scale infrastructure development projects of the government funded by foreign inflows, which increased substantially during the year. Expenditure on imports of Machinery and equipment which comprise engineering equipment, electronic equipment, telecommunication devices, office machinery, medical and laboratory equipment and machinery for the textile industry increased. Expenditure on imports of transport equipment which comprise vehicles for transport of passenger and goods, heavy-duty vehicles, small scale ships and also boats and building materials which comprise mainly cement, iron and steel, aluminum articles and mineral products also increased in during year 2011 reflecting an expansion in construction activities in the country. Expenditure on import of consumer goods increased by 47.5 per cent to US dollars 3,654 million in 2011. Non-food consumer goods contributed 57.1 per cent to the total of consumer goods imports. The main contributor to increase the imports of non-food consumer goods was personal motor vehicles, motor cycles and trishaws. Increase in motor vehicle imports was influenced by the reduction in import duties
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and supported by relatively easy access to credit at competitive rates and increased real income levels. The expenditure on import of Medical and pharmaceutical product, food and beverages, sugar and confectionery goods and Import of dairy products, including milk powder also increased. Direction of Trade India remained the major trading partner in 2011 followed by Singapore and USA. The other countries that had trade over US dollars 1 billion in 2011 include China, Iran, UK and Japan. USA and UK remained the largest export destinations, while India and Singapore followed by China remained the foremost import origins in 2011. India contributed to over 16 per cent of Sri Lanka's external trade in 2011. USA accounted for 20.3 per cent of Sri Lanka's exports, followed by UK (10.5 per cent) and EU (23.3 per cent, excluding UK). Garments continued to account for the bulk of exports to these markets. Among EU member countries, Italy (5.8 per cent), Belgium (5.4 per cent) and Germany (4.8 per cent) remained the leading export destinations in 2011. Almost 79 per cent of Sri Lanka's processed diamonds were exported to Belgium in 2011. Exports to India accounted for about 4.9 per cent of Sri Lanka's total exports, increased by 9.5 per cent in 2011 and comprised of machinery and equipment, animal fodder, spices and garments. Russia continued to be the major destination for tea exports accounting for nearly 17 per cent of total tea exports in 2011. Singapore emerged as an important export destination in 2011 by accounting for nearly 3.9 per cent of Sri Lanka's exports. India continued to be the largest source of imports in 2011 and accounted for nearly 21.9 per cent of imports in 2011. Total imports from India amounted to US dollars 4,431 million in 2011. Main imports from India were refined petroleum products, motorcycles and auto-trishaws. Singapore and China followed as the second and third largest import origins, accounting for 10.5 per cent and 10.3 per cent of total imports, respectively. Main imports from Singapore comprised fertiliser and petroleum products, while the major imports from China were machinery and cotton. Iran and Japan remained the fourth and fifth largest source of imports, respectively. Imports from Iran and Japan comprised mainly crude oil and motor vehicles, respectively.

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