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rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

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~1~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rif;vl
cspfaomyef;uav;

~2~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

pmrlcGifhjyKcsuftrSwf – 5015180611
rsufESmzHk;cGifhjyKcsuftrSwf – 5001340207
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tkyfa&
500
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OD;oufvIdif? rdk;pE´mpmay? 3^267? ca&yifvrf;?
a0bm*DNrdKUopf? ajrmufOuúvmy/
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twGif;yHkESdyfol
OD;jrwfausmf? pmvkyfief;yHkESdyfwdkuf?
194 ? 33 vrf;? ausmufwHwm;NrKdUe,f/
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rsufESmzHk;yHkESdyfol
OD;atmifjr (06814)? 0óefyHkESdyfwdkuf?
175 (ajrnDxyf)? 36 vrf;? ausmufwHwm;NrKdUe,f/
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pmtkyfcsKyf
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1200

~3~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

Myanmar Cupid Forum \ PDF rSwfwrf;


þpmtkyftm;
MMCP Member
rustic rS
uGefysLwmpmpDpm½dkufí
wnf;jzwftacsmowfNyD;
Myanmar E-book tjzpf

Myanmar Cupid Forum PDF Creator Group


rS
wifqufonf/

~4~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

aus;Zl;wif&Sdjcif;

(u)

nDav;...
rif;a&;wJh ]yef;ausmif;} 0w¬KzwfNyD;NyD/ odyfaumif;w,f/
aemufpmtkyfawGudk 'DxufrjrifheJY/ jrifh&if igem;vnfrSmr[kwfbl;/
(udkBuD;aomif;)

uRefawmf\ yxrqHk;pmtkyfjzpfaom ]yef;ausmif;} 0w¬KESifh


ywfoufí uRefawmhfudk tvGefcifrifaom udkBuD;aomif;\ a0zefcsuf
jzpfygonf/
uRefawmfonf ]yef;ausmif;} udk a&;pOfu a&;[ef? a&;enf;wdkYudk
wwfEdkiforQ ½dk;½dk;½Sif;½Sif; a&;ygonf/ xdktcsufudk &nf&G,fí
udkBuD;aomif;u aemifudkvnf; ½dk;½dk;½Sif;½Sif;a&;zdkY tBuHay;vkdufjcif;
jzpfygonf/
xdkYaMumifh þpmtkyfudkvnf; ½dk;½dk;½Sif;½Sif;yif a&;ygonf/
udkBuD;aomif;um; pmtvGefzwfoljzpfaomfvnf; olUynm t&nf
tcsif;udkar;vQif ]tdkuGm...a&;wwfzwfwwfaygh} [kajymwwfavonf/

~5~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

(c)
yef;ausmif; 0w¬KxGufNyD;aemuf pmtm;jzifhvnf;aumif;? EIwftm;
jzifhvnf;aumif; a0zefMuoltm;vHk;vdkvdkrSm ]aumif;ygw,f} ]aumif;yg
w,f} [kom ajymMuaomaMumifh uRefawmfhudk,fuRefawmf ][kwfvSNyD}
[kxifrdygonf/ odkY&mwGif 1977-ck atmufwdkbm 17 &ufu trsKd;orD;
wpfa,mufxHrS pmwpfapmifudk vufcH&&Sdygonf/
]aemufudkvJ yef;ausmif;vdk [mo0w¬KrsKd;awGyJ a&;apcsifw,f}
wJh/
]yef;ausmif;} onf [mo0w¬K r[kwfyg/ vli,fo½kyfazmf 0w¬K
omvQif jzpfygonf/ tu,fí [mozufodkY tav;uJoGm;onf qdkvQif
uRefawmf nHhao;vkdYom jzpfygvdrfhrnf/
uRefawmf a&G;cs,faom taMumif;t&mrsm;onf vlwdkY tBuD;
tus,f pdwf0ifpm;wwfaom ]tcspf} taMumif;enf;ygaom taMumif;
t&mrsm;om jzpfwwfygonf/ xdkYaMumifh uRefawmfhpmrsm;udk zwfaom
tcg ysif;&dnnf;aiGUzG,f rjzpf&atmif &,fp&mav;rsm; n§yfí a&;&
ygonf/ þ0w¬KwGifvnf; xdkuJhodkYyif &,fp&mrsm;udk Mum;n§yfí
a&;ygonf/ þ0w¬Konfvnf; [mozufodkY tav;uJaeonfqdkvQif
uRefawmf nHhwkef;yJ[k ajymEdkifygonf/
rnfodkYyifjzpfap þ0w¬KudkzwfNyD;aemuf ]&,f&om;yJ} [kqdkvQif
uRefawmf *kPf,lrnfom jzpfygonf/

~6~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

(*)
trSeftm;jzifh þ0w¬Konf &efukefwuúodkvf blrdaA'XmerS
ausmif;om;rsm; uGif;qif;MupOf awGYBuHKjzpfysuf&aom &ifxdwfzG,f?
oem;vGrf;armzG,f? tm;wufzG,fwkdYudk a&;om;xm;aom0w¬K jzpfygonf/
uRefawmfonf blrdaA'ausmif;om; r[kwfyg/ 'óeduaA'
ausmif;om;om jzpfcJhygonf/ odkY&mwGif blrdaA'ESifhum; &if;ESD;cJhygonf/
blrdaA'ausmif;om;rsm; jzpfMuaom yef;csDudkrsKd;jrifh? qvdkif;
atmifausmfrdk;(qvdkif;rdkaemif) wdkYESihf uRefawmfonf &ufaygif;rsm;pGm
twlwuG aecJhzl;onf/ olwdkYajymjyaomaMumifh blrdaA'uGif;qif;jcif;
taMumif;rsm;udk xyfwvJvJ Mum;cJh&ygonf/
xdkYtjyif uRefawmf\i,faygif; cspfoli,fcsif; jrifhaomif;
(jrifhaumif;)ESifh udkatmifwkdYonf vnf;aumif;? uRefawmf\ tpfudkuJhodkY
cspfcifaomudkqefeDonfvnf;aumif;? blrdaA'ausmif;om;rsm; jzpfMu
aomaMumifh uRefawmfhudk ulnDEdkifMuygonf/ jrihfaomif;qdkvQif ol\
uGif;qif;rSwfwrf;pmtkyfudk toHk;jyK&efay;xm;cJhygonf/
1973-1974 &efukef 0dZÆmESifhodyHÜ wuúodkvf ESpfywfvnfr*¾Zif;rS
atmifat;(udk0dkif;aomf)\ ]uRefawmfESifh&Srf;} 0x¬Kwdkonfvnf; uRefawmhf
udk ulnDcJhygonf/
txufygyk*¾dKvfrsm;tjyif...
&efukefwuúodkvf blrdaA'XmerS ygarmu© q&mBuD;
OD;boef;[uf? ajreDvrf;uav; oDcsif;udk &Smay;aom q&m
ODwifausmfoef;? xdkoDcsif;udk a&;pyfaom udkapm[ef(pwkx¬ESpf? 1966-

~7~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

1967) ESifhwuG? blrdaA'XmerS q&m? q&mrrsm;ESifh ausmif;om;rsm;udkyg


txl;aus;Zl;wifygonf/

(C)
uRefawmfonf þ0w¬Kudk a&;&mwGif taMumif;t&m tcsuf
tvufudk y"mexm;ygonf/ a&;[ef? a&;enf;? tzGJUtEGJU? tcsdwftquf
wdkYudk y"me rxm;yg/
xdkYtjyif ausmif;om;vli,f wpfOD;csif;\ p½dkufudk tav;ay;í
ra&;bJ ausmif;om; vli,ftzGJY wpfck\ p½dkufudk aygif;pnf;í zGJUqdk&ef
BudK;pm;ygonf/ þ0w¬KwGif yg0ifaom Zmwfaumif ausmif;om;rsm;rSm
uRefawmhf cspfoli,fcsif;rsm; jzpfygonf/ olwdkY\ emrnfrsm;udkvnf;
twwfEdkifqHk; wdkuf½dkufyif xnfhoGif; toHk; jyKxm;ygonf/
(cGifhvTwfMuyg oli,fcsif;wdkY/ rcGifhvTwf&ifvJ odyfawmh *½krpdkufygbl;/
udk,fEdkifwkef;wG,fxm;&wm)/
0w¬KxJü olwdkYtaMumif;udk xnfha&;&mwGif tpydkif;ü olwdkYonf
uRefawmf ckdif;ovkd vdkufvkyfMuygonf/ aemufydkif;ürl olwdkYonf
wjznf;jznf; twifh&JvmNyD; vkyfcsifwm avQmufvkyfMuygawmhonf/
olwdkY avmifcsifwkdif;avmif? ajymifcsifwkdif;ajymifMuonfudk uRefawmfu
renf;vdkufxdef;NyD; a&;ae&ygonf/ uRefawmfhaumifawGudk uRefawmf
rEdkifawmhyg/ udkatmif wpfa,mufom oabmaumif;aomaMumihf
uRefawmf a&;csifovdk vdkufvkyfygonf/ xdkYaMumifh udkatmifhudk y"me
Zmwfaumif(rif;om;) tjzpf ae&may;vkdufygonf/ uRefawmfuJhodkY

~8~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tawGUtBuHKEkao;aom pma&;q&mrsm; þuJhodkYyif udk,fhZmwfaumifudk


udk,frEdkifbJ &SdwwfMuygonf xifygonf/ odkYjzpfaomaMumifh þ0w¬K
wGif tcsKdUae&mrsm;ü vli,fwdkYbm0 wpfOD;ESifh wpfOD; qJqdkjcif;?
aemufajymifjcif;? ckduf&efjzpfyGm;jcif; paom ½kefY&if;Murf;wrf;aom
pum;rsm;? uav;uvufEdkifaom tjyKtrlrsm; yg&Sdaeygvdrfhrnf/
xdkYtwl tcsKdUaom ae&mrsm;üvnf; awmf½Hkwef½Hk vlBuD;vlaumif;
rsm;xuf tqifhtwef;jrifhaom tepfemcHjcif;? oabmxm;BuD;jcif;?
½dkif;yif;wwfjcif; paom tjyKtrlrsm; yg0ifaeygvdrfhrnf/
rnfodkYyif jzpfygap...
aemufqHk;awmif;yefvdkonfrSm...
þ0w¬KwGif tEkynm? twwfynmydkif;qdkif&m cRwf,Gif;
csufrsm;? blrdaA' tcsuftvufrsm;ESifh ywfoufaom taMumif;t&m
ydkif;qkdif&m cRwf,Gif;csufrsm; yg&SdaecJhygvQif cGifhrvTwfbJ jyif;xefpGm
a0zefMuapvdkygaMumif;.../

½dkaoav;pm;pGmjzifh

rif;vl

~9~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(1)

&efukef 0dZÆmESifhodyÜHwuúodkvf blrdaA'Xmeonf &efukef blwm


BuD; pBuøtrSwf(3)odkY ajymif;vJ zGifhvSpfvdkufavonf/
pBuøwpfckvHk;udk rD;ckd;awGu zHk;vTrf;xm;onf/ rD;cdk;qdkonfrSm
wpfpHkwpfckaom tarSmifhya,m*aMumifh xGufay:vmaom tcdk;taiGY
rsm;udk rqdkvdkyg/ rD;ckd;a&mifrsm;udkom qdkvdk&if;jzpfygonf/
rD;cdk;a&mif0wfpHkrsm;? rD;ckd;a&mif0wfpHkudk 0wfqifxm;Muolrsm;?
ausmif;om;rsm;? &efukef 0dZÆmESifhodyÜHwuúodkvf blrdaA' t"du ausmif;
om;rsm;? blrdaA' uGif;qif;c&D;twGuf blwmqif;vmMuaom ausmif;
om;rsm; jzpfygonf/
rD;ckd;a&mif zD;vfukwf? rD;cdk;a&mif abmif;bD? OD;xkyf? awmpD;zdeyf
ausmif;om;trsm;u ‘'Dtwdkif; 0wfqifMuonf/ wcsKdUuawmh *sif;*suf
uuf? *sif;abmif;bD? jrufODxkyf t0kdif;BuD;rsm;? wcsKdUvnf; wufx&uf
abmif;bD? wcsKdUvnf; vHkcsnfudkom xl;xl;jcm;jcm; 0wfxm;olawG/ rnf
odkYyifjzpfygap/ tm;vHk;wlnDaeaomtcsufrSm ausmydk;tdwf? cg;rSmcsdwf
xm;aom a&bl;? a&cGufESifh"m;rsm;/
pBuøwpfckvHk;udk olwdkYcsnf; rif;rlaeMuonf/ [kdrS'DrS vrf;o
vm;aeMuonfrSm zdeyfoH ]wcGyfcGyf}/ cg;u a&bl;ESifh a&cGufwdkYxdcwfoH
]uvHkuvif}/ qlnHaeonf/

~ 10 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'DwGJu uRJwyfqHkvm;a[h}}
]]ysOfanmifuG}}
]]udkatmif ra&mufao;bl;vm;}}
]]olYtbdk;BuD; tbGm;BuD;eJY wlwlvmr,fajymw,f}}
]]qefeD... qefeD acG;aumif b,frSmoGm;rTefaeNyDvJ rodbl;? 'DrSm
olYypönf;awG tyfxm;cJhNyD;awmh}}
]][m; ... jrifhaomif;BuD;? wpfayGxJvm;uG? at;a&m rif;udk vkduf
rydkYbl;vm;}}
wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf EIwfqufoHawG/
wcsKdU ausmif;om;awGudk rdbaqGrsKd;rsm;? nDtpfudk armifESr
rsm;u vkdufydkYMuonf/ wcsKdUusawmh oli,fcsif;awGu vkdufydkYonf/
wcsKdUusawmh olwdkYaumifrav;awGu.../
oem;p&maumif;olrsm;rSm taqmifae ausmif;om;awGyg/
olwdkYrSm vdkufydkYrnfhrdbaqGrsKd; r&SdMu&Sm/ oli,fcsif;awGu vkdufydkYcsifydkY?
'grSr[kwf &nf;pm;&SdolawG qdkvQifvnf; &nf;pm;awGu vkdufydkY/
rsm;pGmaom taqmifae ausmif;om;wdkYrSmum; ykdYrnfholr&Sd
iHk;wdwdyg/ oem;ygbd/ olwdkYrSm xrf;p&m ydk;p&m o,fp&mwdkYudkom
ukef;½kef;xrf;&if; pdwfajzp&m&SmaeMu&onf/ qeftdwfawGxrf;? qDyHk;awG
o,f? MuufoGeftdwf yJtdwfawG r/
olwdkYawGrSm c&D;rxGufcif wpfywfavmufuxJu yifyef;Mu
&Smonf/ taqmifae ausmif;om;awGrdkY q&mawGESifh eD;pyfonf/
xdkYaMumifh c&D;twGuf &du©m 0,f,lpkaqmif;a&;udk wm0ef,lMu&onf/

~ 11 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

NrKdUxJuyGJ½HkawGrSm &du©mypönf;awG 0,f? um;ESifh wif,lvm? taqmif


a&mufawmh q&mhtcef;? pwkdcef;wdkYodkY ta&mufxrf;cs o,fcs/
yifyef;cJhMu &Smygonf/
cktcsdefrSm &nf;pm;ruav;awG vdkufydkYjcif;udk cH,l&olrsm; u
awmh wu,fh ]Zdrf} yJ/
a[m...Munhfav/ &efukefblwmBuD;udkrsm; wuúodkvfu uHhaumf
awmwdkY? tif;vsm;uefwdkY? tcef;trSwf(tD;-3)wdkYrsm; rSwfaeovm;rod/
[dkem;rSmu rsufESmcsif;qdkif rwfwyf&yfvdkY? 'Dem;rSmu rsufESmcsif;qdkif
xdkifvdkY? [dkbufusawmh ab;csif;,SOfxdkifvdkY/ uGif;qif;onfh ausmif;om;
ESihf aumifrav;awG tvGrf;o,fae vdkufyHkrsm;/
aumifrav;u rsuf&nfav; prf;prf;prf;prf;/
]]udk...usef;rma&;*½kpdkufaemf? c&D;oGm;&if owd0D&d,eJYaeaemf}}
aumifrav;u rsufESmav;i,fi,f/
]]csKdav;...BuHKwJhae&muae armif pmxnfhvkdufr,faemf? armif
wpfa,mufxJ oGm;&rSm odyfaqG;wmyJ? csKdav;yg armifeJYtwl vkdufcJh&if
odyfaumif;rSmyJ}}
vGefw,f? vGefw,f/ qefeDwdkYtwGJuawmh odyfvGefw,f/
urÇmvGefyJ/ qefeD/ NyD;awmh olYoli,fcsif;rsm;u ]cspfrsufrSef} [kac:aom
qefeDYaumifrav;/
qefeDonf cspfrsufrSef\ rsufrSefuav;udk r wifvkdufonf/
rsufvHk;axmifhpGef;rsm;udk olYvufudkify0gjzifh tomwkdYay;aeonf/ cspf
rsufrSef\ rsufvHk;pGef;rSm rsuf&nfprsm;/

~ 12 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]wpfvyJ MumrSmyJ[muGm? NyD;awmhvnf; taysmfoGm;wmrS


r[kwfbJ? uGif;qif;&wmyJ[m}}
]]wpfvqdkwm cPav;vm;vdkY}}
]]cPav;awmh r[kwfbl;aygh? 'gayr,fh...}}
]]'gayr,fh b,fwkef;u 'DavmufMumMum cGJzl;vdkYvJ}}
]]armifvnf; b,fcGJcsifyghrvJuG,f}}
]]rcGJcsifvdkY r&bl;? temurSnhfaeNyD? awmfMum twGif;udk
vdIufpm;oGm;rSm pdk;&w,f? ‘[d...}}
ab;rS jzwfavQmufoGm;&if; em;Mum;jyif;uyfaom taumif
wpfaumifu 0ifavmifoGm;onf/ qefeDu bkMunhfvSnfhMunhfonf/
cspfrsufrSefu EIwfcrf;pl\/
]]'gyJaemf? pmrSefrSef xnfh&r,f}}
]]at;yg? aMomf... tarhaq; rSefrSefaomufaemf}}
]]NyD;awmh &Gmu aumifrawGeJY r½Iyf&bl;}}
]]&Gmem;rSm pcef;cscsifrS cs&rSmyg? &Gmem;rSm cs&&ifvnf; &GmxJ
vnfzdkY tcsdefr&Sdygbl;? ukd,fhtvkyfeJYudk,f em;&rSmawmif r[kwfbl;}}
]]aemufNyDusawmh [kdrSm t&ufraomuf&bl;}}
]][m...'gawmhpdwfcs? t&ufqdk&if teHYawmif cHvkdY r&bl;}}
qefeDYpdwfxJu usdwfí jyHK;rdonf/ oli,fcsif;awGESihf aemuf
ajymifavh&Sdaom pum;uav;udk owd&oGm;aomaMumihfyg/

~ 13 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]t&ufqdk&if teHYawmifcHvdkYr&bl;? teHY&&if aomufcsifaerSm


pdk;vdkY}} wJh/
Ä Ä Ä
]][if;}}
jrifhaomif;onf oufjyif;wpfcsufudk av;uefpGm csvdkufonf/
olYudk vkdufydkYrnfholr&Sd/ azazESihfararonf toufBuD;NyDjzpfaomaMumifh
vdkufrydkYapcJh/ NyD;awmh at;.../ at;&,f udkYudk bmvkdY vkdufrydkYwmvJ/
blwm½Hkudk ESpfem&D ta&mufvmr,fqdk/ &xm;xGufoGm;vkdYrS at; rsufESm
uav; jrifroGm;&&if c&D;pOfwpfavQmufvHk;udk pdwfraumif; jzpfoGm;
&awmhrSmyJ/ pdrf;um;NyDvm; at;i,fav;/
oli,fcsif;awG wpfNyHKBuD; a&muf&Sdvmavonf/
armif&Sef? arSmfq&m? ylESdyf? armifav;rkwfqdwf? uif;aumifBuD;?
'dkifEdkaqm? xm;0,fAdkvf? ukdBuD;ausmf? avmufzsm;/ vlpHkwufpHk jzpfyg
onf/ ]ypfwdkif;axmif} tzGJYom;rsm;/
]]rif;twGuf trdefYpmjyefzdkY at;u pmwpfapmif ay;vkdufw,f}}
arSmfq&mu pmwpfapmifudk ay;onf/

ukd
at; vkdufrydkYEdkifwmudk cGifvTwfygaemf? at;wdkY arar
aeraumif;vkdYyg/ at;av 'DaeY ausmif;awmif rwuf&bl;/ ararh
tem;rSmyJ aeae&w,f/ udkYudk vkdufrykdYEdkifwJhtwGuf at; pdwfraumif;
bl;uG,f? 'gayr,fh udkwdkY &xm;vmr,fh tcsdefavmufudkrSef;NyD;

~ 14 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

irdk;&dyfblwmuae xGufapmifhaer,f/ at; udkawGY&if vufjyEIwfquf


ygaemf/
(at;i,f)
P.S
ntdyf&m0if&if bk&m;&Sdcdk;NyD;rS tdyfyg/ jzpfEkdif&if at;qDudk
pmxnfhygaemf/

jrifhaomif;\rsufESmu pmzwf&if; NyHK;aeonf/


]]iaygBuD; bmNyHK;aewmvJ}}
]]bmrS r[kwfygbl;uGm}}
]]aMomf...oli,fcsif;/ romwpfacguf ausmif;q,facgufwJhuG?
'gaMumifh rif;udk igwdkYvkdufydkYwm}}
]]at;...at; ckrS owd&w,f/ 'DrSm jrifhaomif;? rif;&r,fh
aiGwpfaomif;udk igwdkYudk vTJay;cJhaMumif; vufrSwfxdk;ay;cJhygvm;uGm}}
]]b,fu aiGwpfaomif;vJ}}
]]rif; &xm;arSmufvkdY ao&if&r,fh tmrcH aiGwpfaomif;av;uGm?
aowrf;pm oabmrsKd; a&;ay;cJhyguGm}}
]]...yJ ay;r,f}}
]]'DrSm oli,fcsif;? rif; pdwfajzmifhajzmifhom oGm;? usef&pfol
at;twGuf ig wm0ef,lw,f}}

~ 15 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]atmifrm yledyfpkwf? rif;qHyifudk jyefMunfhygOD;? vlrav;


acG;rcefY qHyifrsKd;eJY? igvkd ]au} vefae&if awmfao;w,f}}
cspfoli,fcsif;wdkY\ y#doE¨m& pum;rsm;/
armif&Sefonf qefeDwdkYtwGJudk vSrf;Munfhaeonf/
]]a[haumifawG qefeDudk Munhfprf;? MunfvkdY &DvdkY *GdvkdY}}
]]at;uG? 'Daumifhudk eJeJavmifvkduf&atmif}}
]]a[h...pHkaxmufBuD; OD;qefeD}}
qefeDu vSnfhMunfhonf/ olwdkYu rac:ovdkvdk rodcsifa,mif
aqmifaeonf/ uif;aumifBuD;u wdkifvkdufonf/
]][...[... bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrS jzpfwmr[kwfbl;? rD;avmifwm}}
tm;vHk; 0kdif;atmfMuonf/ qefeD &SufoGm;onf/ olwdkYbufodkY
vSnhfí vufoD;axmifjyonf/ ]cspfrsufrSef} u qefeDYaygifudk qGJvdrf
vdkufonf/
]]rD;avmifwm}} qdkaom pum;\t"dyÜg,frSm þodkYwnf;/
pma&;q&mokarmif\ 0w¬Kwpfyk'fwGif ]]rif;om;\ &ifonf
ylvGef;vSojzifh pD;u&ufyif rD;n§dvdkY&onf}} [lí a&;xm;onf/
olwdkYurl þodkYr[kwf/ oli,fcsif;wpfa,mufa,mufonf olYaumifr
av;ESihf awGYNyD; jyefvmNyDqdkvQif ol\ESmacgif;udk aq;vdyfjzifh 0kdif;wkdY
Muonf/ ESmacgif;rD;awmufvmaomaMumihf aq;vdyfrD;n§dvdkYyif &onf

~ 16 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

qdkaom oabm/ aemufawmh bmyJjzpfjzpf ]rD;avmifwm} qdkaompum;u


wGifus,fvmonf/
]]a[haumif jrifhaomif;? cspfrsufrSefvmawmh cspfnDrav;u
vkdufrvmbl;vm;}}
armif&Sefar;onf/
]]a[haumif armif&Sef igwdkYudk vmvSdrfhvdkYr&bl;? rif;eJY
cspfnDrav;eJY ausmif;rSm wpfaeYvHk;wlwlaeNyD;rS cspfnDrav;udk z,f&Day:
ydkYNyD; rif;'Dudk vmwm r[kwfvm;}}
]]r[kwf&ygbl;uGm? bk&m;pl;? oGm;av&m tdrfaxmifus&ygap&JU?
'DaeY cspfnDrav; twef;tcsdefjynhf &Sdygw,fuGm? tm;vyfcsdefwkef;uyJ
cPav;awGYwmyg? ysOf;rem;acgufqGJ oGm;pm;½Hkav;yguGm}}
]]r,Hkbl; rif;ESmacgif;jyprf;? prf;Munhfr,f? tr,f ylylaEG;aEG;
&Sdaewkef;ygvm;[}}
]][...[... bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrS jzpfwmr[kwfbl;? rD;avmifwm}}
jrifhaomif; aysmfoGm;avonf/ at;udk vGrf;aom pdwfuav;
onfyifvQif acsmifwpfacsmifrSm oGm;ykef;ae&onf/ udpör&Sd/ &xm;ay:
a&mufvQif vGrf;pdwfuav; tvSnfhjyef&rnf/ vGrf;p&m tcsdefawG
trsm;BuD; usefao;onf/
]]rif;wdkY vkyfwmeJY ajymr,hfpum;awmif arhoGm;NyD? aMomf...odNyD?
qefeDwdkYrsm;uGm cspfrsufrSefudk b,favmuf aMumuf&ovJqdkawmh?
wpfcgu AdkvfcsKyfaps;rSm igvJ ygw,f? cspfrsufrSef&JU acgufxD;udk

~ 17 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

qefeDu udkifxm;wkef; acgufxD; vufudkifuGif;uav;[m qefeDYvuf


xJrSmwif usaysmufoGm;a&m? *syefu vmwmqdkawmh jyef0,fzdkYvnf;
rvG,fbl;? tJ'g qefeDYudk Budrf;vkdufarmif;vdkufwm qefeDqdkwm
acgif;awmif razmf&Jbl;/ aemufqHk;usawmh em;&GufqGJxdkifx tcgESpfq,f
vkyfvkdufrS auseyfoGm;w,fwJh}}
'g armif&Sef qefeDYudk oufouf odu©mcsvdkufjcif;yg/
]]armif&Sef rif; 0dkufzfb&mom tcsif;csif; axmifwmayghav? rif;
taMumif;udkvnf; igu ajymao;wmaygh}} 'Dwpfcg armif&SefYtvSnfh/
cHvkdufayOD;awmh/
]]ajymygOD;uG}}
]]'DvdkuG? wpfcgu armif&SefeJY cspfnDrav;eJY csdef;xm;NyD;?
armif&Sefu aemufusoGm;a&m? tJ'g cspfnDrav;u t&ifa&mufNyD;
tMumBuD; apmifhae&vdkY a'guefNyD; armif&SefYudk wpfaeYvHk; pdwfaumuf
aew,fwJh/ b,fvdkrS acsmhvdkYr&bl;/ aemufqHk;awmh armif&Sefu
cspfnDrav;&JU ajcovHk;udk ESdyfay;vdkufrS pdwfqdk;ajyoGm;owJhuG}}
]][m;...[m; aygvSygvm;[}}
]]a[haumifawG r[kwfygbl;uG}}
]]'gqdk bmudkerf;wmvJ? zdeyfudk ukef;udkufwmvm;}}
]]xGD...yg;pyfxJudk jynfhoGm;wmyJ? udk,foif;eHYav;awmif b,f
a&mufoGm;rSef; rodbl;}}
]]a[m...ay:NyD ay:NyD? ckeawmh ysOf;rem;acgufqGJ oGm;pm;½Hkwif
uav;ygqdk}}

~ 18 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at(19)rSm cPxdkif;ao;w,fuG [D;...[D;}}


&xm;xGufcgeD;NyD/ jrifhaomif;onf olvkduf&rnfh wGJay:odkYwuf
avonf/ ausmif;om;trsm;rSm ae&m,lNyD;MuNyD/
]]jrifhaomif;BuD;? igwdkY ypfwkdif;axmiftzGJYuqdk&if ck zD;vfrSm
rif;&,f? qefeD&,f? udkatmif&,f? rsKd;jrihfvGif&,f? qvdkif;eJY 0kdif;aomf&,f
ygr,faemf? rif;wdkYudk igwdkYtzGJY&JU ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf wm0eftyfESif;
vkdufw,f? ypfwkdif;axmiftzGJY&JU *kPfodu©mudk xdef;odrf;aomtm;jzifh
twwfEdkifqHk; avmifay;Muyg}}
avSum;u EIwfquftrSmpum;ajymonf/ olwdkYtkyfpkonf jrefrm
jynftESHYrS vmMuaom ausmif;om;rsm; jzpfMuonf/ pufrI wuúodkvf?
pD;yGm;a&;wuúodkvf? blrdaA'Xme? 'óeduaA'Xme? pdwfynm Xme
aygif;pHkrSmwufaeMuonf/ wpfa,mufvkyfonfh tvkyfudk tm;vHk;u 0dkif;
vkyfwwfonf/ NyD;awmhvnf; aemufonfh ajymifonfh avmifonfh ae&m
rSm olrwlatmif xl;cRefonf/ olwdkYonf a&muf&m tajctae? us&m
ae&mwGif aewwfonf/ 'ku©rsm;udk pyfNzJNzJvkyfí wHkYjyefwwfonf/
xdkYaMumifh olwdkYudkolwdkY ]ypfwdkif;axmiftzGJY} [k trnfrSnhfxm;jcif;
jzpfavonf/
]]uJ...taygif;toif;wdkYa&? BuD;jrwfaom ypfwdkif;axmif ukd,fpm;
vS,fBuD;udk EIwfquf&atmif}}
]]ypfwdkif;axmiftzGJY}}
]]atmifygap}}
olwdkYonf vufoD;rsm;udk qefYwef;í oHNydKifatmfvkdufMuonf/
olwdkYtoHonf urÇmBuD;udk wkefcgí roGm;apaomfvnf; blwm½HkxJ&Sd

~ 19 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

vltrsm;udkrl vefYzsyfoGm;aponf/ olwdkYtkyfpkudk txl;tqef;ozG,f 0kdif;


MunhfaeMuonf/ odkY&mwGif olwdkYr&SufMu? &Sufp&m ]t&Suf}rS olwdkYqDrSm
r&SdbJ/ NyD;awmh 'DvdkatmfyHkrsKd;u olwdkYtzdkY ½dk;aeNyD/
&xm;xGufcgeD; Nidrfoufaeaom ae&mrsm;onf jyefvnfí
vIyf&Gvmjyefonf/ &xm;ay: ypönf; rwif&ao;olrsm;rSm xrf;&? ydk;&?
o,f&? wif&jyefonf/ ae&mr& ao;olrsm;uvnf; ae&m &Sm&jyefonf/
ae&m&NyD; olawGuvnf; olYae&meJY ukd,fhae&mvJ? ydkaumif;onfhae&mudk
a&TU? [dkvlYvSrf;ac:? 'DvlYvSrf;ac: qlnHvmjyefonf/
udkatmifonf tazESifhtarudk uefawmhonf/ acgif;iHkYxm;
aomaMumihf tarhudk rjrif&aomfvnf; tarrsuf&nf0Jaevdrfhrnf
jzpfaMumif; olodygonf/ om;BuD;onf ynma&;twGuf wpfvwmrQom
cGJcGmoGm;jcif; jzpfaMumif; tar rodr[kwf/ odkY&mwGif tar r[kwfvm;/
tarhEIwfcrf;wdkYonf wvIwfvIwf w&G&G jzpfaeonf/ tarh
toHonf yDopGm xGufrvm/ odkY&mwGif...
a&vdkat;í yef;vdk vef;ygap/
b,mab; uif;a0;ygap/
BuHwdkif;atmif aqmifwdkif;ajrmufygap/
a&muf&mt&yfwGif ewfaumif;ewfjrwfrsm; apmifrygap/
þuJhodkY qkawmif;jcif;om jzpfygvdrfhrnf/ tazonf tar
ajymcsifaompum;rsm;udk tm;vHk;aygif;NcHKí wpfcGef;wnf;om ajymonf/
]]owd 0d&d,eJY oGm;uG}}

~ 20 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsKd;jrifhvGifonf &xm;xGufcgeDrS tl,m;zm;,m; a&muf&Sd


vmonf/ olY ]'g'g} udk oGm;EIwfqufaeaomaMumifh jzpfygonf/
'Daumifu aMumifonf/ ]trSwf12} um;jzifh ajreDukef;xdatmif
oGm;&jcif;jzpfonf/ uGif;qif;onfh t0wftpm; z½dkz&J? awmpD;
zdeyfBuD;ESifh olYudk um;ay:u vlawGu MunfhNyD; b,favmufrsm;
[m;wdkufMurvJ/ aMomf...]'g'g} qdkwm ukvm;vdk tbdk;udk ajymwm
r[kwfyg/ rsKd;jrifhvGif\ aumifrav;emrnfudk ajymwmyg/ emrnf&if;
awmh r[kwf/ emrnf;&if;u ... xm;vkdkufygawmhav/
&xm;xGufNyD; &xm;ay:u ausmif;om;awGu pBuøay:rS
vdkufydkYolawGudk vufjyEIwfqufMuonf/ rsuf&nfvnf; 0JaeMuonf/
udpör&Sd/ wpfvcefYMumaomtcg olwdkYonf 0rf;omaysmf&Tifaom
tjyHK;rsm;jzifh vufurf;qD;BudK Mu&ygvdrfhOD;rnf/ wpfvjynfhaom
tcsdefonf wpfvMumaomtcg a&muf&Sdvmygvdrfhrnf/
a[m...ypfwdkif;axmif tzGJYrSm vlwpfa,mufvdkaeonf/ qvdkif;?
qvdkif;rdk;aemif/ 'ku©yJ/ usefcJhNyDvm;rod/ rusefcJhyg/ &xm;bD; vSdrfhp
jyKcsdefrSmyif qvkdif;onf &xm;wGJay:odkY ajy;vTm;cdkwuf vmEdkifcJhygonf/
olYvufxJrSm ykvif;wpfvHk;/ ykvif;ay:rSpmudk zwfMunfh&ef rvdkyg/
wHqdyfMunhf½Hkjzifh odEdkifonf/ trSeftm;jzifh wHqdyfudkyif Munfhp&m rvdk/
]qvdkif;vufxJu ykvif;} qdk½HkrQjzifh odzdkYaumif;NyD/
]]rEÅav;&rf}}

Ä Ä Ä

~ 21 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

&efukefNrKdUBuD;udk EIwfqufonfhtaejzifh tm;&atmif MunfhMu


onf/ &xm;pxGufonfESihf jrif&aom jrifuGif;rSm ½kyf&Sif½Hkrsm;/ ]oGif}?
]qkxl;yef}? ]NrKdUr}? ]a&T*kef}/ xdkYaemuf jynfolYukefwdkufBuD;? c&pf,mef
bk&m;&Sdcdk;ausmif;BuD;? aemuf odrfjzL*Hk;wHwm;BuD;/
odrfjzL*Hk;wHwm;udk &xm;jzwfxGufvmaomtcg *Hk;wHwm;ay:rSm
oGm;vmaeMuaom armfawmfum;rsm;udk vufjyEIwfqufMuonf/ blwm½Hk
ao;ao;uav;awGudk jzwfoGm;wdkif; &xm;apmifhaeolawGudk vufjy
EIwfqufMuonf/ olwdkYrSm cktcsdefwGif jrifjrifu&mudk vufjyEIwfquf
csifaeMuonf/ ykZGefawmifblwmem;a&mufaomtcg tkwfx&Hab;rSm
aqmifhaqmifhuav;xdkif&if; ]tayghoGm;} aeaom vlBuD;wpfa,mufudkyif
]]a[; OD;av; uRefawmfwdkYoGm;NyDAsKdU}} [k vSrf;EIwfqufMuaomaMumifh
vlBuD;crsm x&rvdk xdkif&rvdk ukef;ukef;uGuGBuD; jzpfoGm;&ao;onf/
oCFef;uRef;blwmudk jzwfausmfoGm;aomtcg qefeDonf
&xm;\ nmbufjywif;aygufrSwpfqifh tjyifodkY arQmfMunfhaeavonf/
]]a[haumif...pHkaxmufBuD;OD;qefeD odyfMunhfraeeJY? cspfrsufrSef
ujzifh ckavmufqdk rif;eJY cGJcGm&wJhtwGuf 0rf;enf;jcif;txdrf;trSwftjzpf
½kyf&SifawG bmawGMunhfNyD; pm;p&mawG tjywfwGwfaerSmuG}}
]][kwfw,f...[kwfw,f? cspfrsufrSefu tpm;qdk a&SUqHk;u
r[kwfvm;}}
]]'gaMumifh 0 aewmayghuG}}
]]0 wmr[kwfygbl;... pkdjynfwmyguG}}
qefeDonf olwdkYudk jyefvnfacsy&ef rBudK;pm;awmh/ cktcsdefrSm
ol odyfpum;rajymcsifyg/ aemufajymifzdkYqdkwm a0;.../

~ 22 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

'De,fajrrSm olrSwfrdaeaom jrifuGif;awGudk tm;&atmif


Munhfvkdufcsifao;onf/ cspfolYe,fajr r[kwfvm;/ oCFef;uRef;blwmudk
ausmfvkdufonfESifh rD;&xm;trIxrf;rsm;aeaom tdrfwef;vsm;rsm;/ tJ'Du
vGefvmvQif NcH0if;us,fBuD;rsm;? NyD;awmh ajreDvrf;uav;/
a[m... [kdrSm AmuD;,m;NcH/ oCFef;uRef;vrf;udk jzwfausmfaepOf
trSwf ]13} um;wpfpif;u &yfapmifhaeonf/ um;ay:rSm olrsm; ygvm
rvm;/ tkd... [kd[m q&mtwwfoifodyÜHygvm;/ olYpdwfonf
oCFef;uRef;vrf;twdkif; ajy;oGm;NyD; q&mtwwfoifudk OD;wkdufxm;aom
vrf;uav;a&mufaomtcg...
]]a[h...a[h tJ'D&yfuGufxJrSm o&JajcmufwJh tdrfBuD; wpftdrf
&Sdw,f}}
]]'geJY OpömapmifhqdkuG}}
]]rsufrSefeJY Opömapmifh r&SdEdkifygbl;uGm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifESifh udkatmifwkdY\ toHus,favmifavmifudk Mum;&
onf/ qefeD bmrQjyefrajym/ olwdkYudkvnf; *½krpdkuf/ &xm;tjyifodkYom
ai;Munhfaeonf/ aqG;aeNyDvm; qefeD/ odkY&mwGif udpör&Sd/ cPMum
olonf *pfwmudk ]wa'gifa'gif} acgufí pkdif;xD;qdkifoDcsif;awGudk
atmfqdkaeygvdrfhOD;rnf/
]]a[;...[dkrSm ighudk vufjyaew,f}}
]]ighukduG... rif;udk r[kwfbl;}}
]]ighudkyguG}}
]]iguG...iguG}}

~ 23 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

jrifhaomif;u vufjyaomtcg tm;vHk;0dkif;í jyMuonf/


irdk;&dyfblwma&SUu vrf;uav;xdyfrSm aumif;rav;wpfa,muf &yfí
vufudkify0gav;udk a0SY&rf;jyaejcif; jzpfygonf/ b,folrSwfvdkYvJ/
]at;} av/ jrifhaomif;&JU ]at;}/
jrifhaomif;onf olYtdwfxJu pmuav;udk a,mif&rf;xkwf,l
rdonf/ ]at;}onf vufjyaewkef;/ enf;enf;a0;aomaMumifh at;
rsufESmudk uGJjym;pGm rjrif&/ odkY&mwGif at; rsuf&nf0Jae vdrfhrnf
jzpfaMumif; jrifhaomif;odonf/
]]wpfvxJyg at;&,f}}
irdk;&dyfwHwm;udk ausmfvmonfESihf jrifuGif;onf ajymif;vJ
vmonf/ tdrfawG >ywfodyfNyD; vlawGvIyf&Gaewmudk rjrif&awmh/
v,fuGif;jyifBuD;awG/ wcsKdU pdrf;pdrf;? wcsKdU 0g0g/
&efukefudk vGrf;pjyKvmMujyefNyD/ atmf[pfqlnHaeolawGyif cP
uav; NidrfoGm;Muonf/ [kwfw,f/ cPuav;yJ Nidrfwmyg/ vli,f
qdkwm tMumBuD; vGrf;raewwfbl;av/
&xm;onf wpfvrf;vHk; b,fblwmrS r&yf? yJcl;usrS &yfonf/
yJcl;a&mufcsdefwGif arSmifpysKd;NyD/ xrif;bl;xJrSm xrif;xnfhvmMuol
awGu xrif;bl;udk zGifhMuonf/ xrif;xnfhrvmolawGu xrif;
0,fpm;Muonf/ xrif;onf? taMumfonf? bJOjyKwfonf? BuH&nfonf
wdkY\ toHawG/ vSrf;ac:Mu? vSrf;0,fMuaom ausmif;om;wdkY\
toHawG qlnHaeMuonf/
qefeDonf &xm;qdkufonfESifh vSpfceJ aysmufoGm;avonf/
odw,f odw,f? 'Daumif b,foGm;w,fqdkwm odw,f/ &xm;ay:rSm

~ 24 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

'Daumif acsmifxJukyfNyD; wpfckcka&;aewm awGYuwnf;u yJcl;a&muf&if


cspfrsufrSefqD pmxnfhawmhr,fqdkwm odvdkufygav&JUav/ vGefwmaygh
qefeD&,f/
]]pHkaxmufBuD; OD;qefeD b,foGm;aewmvJ}}
]]rif;wdkYu od&ufom;eJY}}
]]rSefvScsnfvm;uG}}
]][...[... bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrS jzpfwmr[kwfbl;? rD;avmifwm}}
&xm;xGufNyD/ a[mAs/ xrif;xkyf r0,f&ao;bl;/ 'ku©yJ/ ckrS
qefeD pdk;&drfvmonf/ tcspfonf xrif;udkyif arhapEdkifonfwum;/
]]oli,fcsif;wdkY ukd,fhtwGuf xrif;usef [if;usefuav;rsm;...}}
]]0,fxm;ygw,fq&m? q&mhtwGuf wpfxkyfydk0,fxm;ygw,f}}
]][m;... cspfp&maumif;vScsnfhvm; taygif;toif;wdkY&JU...}}
]]at;uG? igwdkYvnf; rif;eJYtwlwlpm;r,fqdkNyD; apmihfaeMuwm?
b,folrS rpm;&ao;bl;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf xrif;xkyfawG ,lvmonf/ tv,frSmcsNyD;
0kdif;xdkifvdkufMuonf/ jrifhaomif;onf qefeDYudk Munfhí oGm;NzJjyonf/
udkatmifu qefeDYycHk;udk zufvdkufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu pum;pvdkufonf/
yJcl;rS &xm;xGufvmaomtcsdefwGif arSmifaeNyD/ wu,fhudk
arSmifaeNyD/ nyJ arSmifrSmaygh[k ajymp&m &Sdonf/ odkY&mwGif &xm;wGJxJrSm
arSmifaewmudk ajymwmyg/ &xm;wGJrSm rD;vHk;rsm;ryg&Sdyg/ nbufrsm;

~ 25 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

wGif rD;rsm; xdefvif;pGm xGef;xm;onfh &xm;BuD; a0gceJ jzwfarmif;


oGm;onfudk jrif;zl;Muygvdrfhrnf/ awmfawmfa0;a0;rS MunhfvQif &xm;
rjrif&bJ rD;a&mifrsm;om vufceJvufceJ jzpfoGm;onfudkvnf; jrifzl;
Muygvdrfhrnf/ [dkt&ifwkef;u...
ppftwGif;u qdkvQif &xm;rsm;onf rD;vHk;rsm;yg&SdygvQuf rD;rSdwf
NyD; oGm;&onf/ rD;a&mifjrifvQif av,mOfysHu AHk;vmBuJrSm pdk;vdkY/ ckawmh
ppfvnf;rjzpf? av,mOfysHAHk;BuJrnfh &efudkvnf; raMumuf&yg bJvsuf
rD;udk tb,fhaMumifh rxGef;&ygoenf;/
t&ifu &xm;wGJxJrSm rD;vHk;awG &Sdygonf/ rormolwdkYu rD;vHk;
rsm;udk jzKwfcdk;Muonf/ xyfwyfvQif xyfcdk;onf/ xdkYaMumifh 'Pfcwf
onfhtaejzifh rD;vHk;rsm; xyfrHrwyfqifbJrsm; xm;avovm;/
]]vdkufvdkYrrD ta0;BuD;}}
qefeD\oDcsif;oHudk us,favmifpGm Mum;ae&NyD/ &xm;wGJrsm;\
vIyfcgoHonf *pfwmoH ESihftwl pnf;0g;usus jrnfíaeonf/
ausmif;om;wcsKdU idkufjrnf;aeMuNyD/ wcsKdUuvnf; pum;ajymvdkY
aumif;wkef;/ rsKd;jrifhvGifESihf qvdkif;onf za,mif;wkdifxGef;í usm;xdk;
aeMuonf/ udkatmifonf ausmydk;tdwfudk acgif;tHk;í ]wacgacg}
a[mufaeavonf/
jrifhaomif;onf &xm;jyKwif;wGif vufaxmufí tjyifodkY
ai;Munfhaeonf/
tjyifrSm vomaeonf/ va&mifonf &xm;jyKwif;udkjzwfí
jrifhaomif;\ rsufESmay:odkY xdk;usaeonf/ &xm;wGif rD;rygjcif;twGuf
jrifhaomif; aus;Zl;wifrdonf/ tvif;a&mifr&SdrSom ol\ aqG;ajrh

~ 26 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

aeaom rsufESmudk wjcm;olawG rjrifEdkifrnf r[kwfvm;/ odkY&mwGif


va&mifonf ol\ taqG;rsufvHk;rsm;udkrl jrifomaeapavonf/
va&mifqrf;aom tjyifu jrifuGif;onf vGrf;armp&m/
jrifuGif;onf odyfxl;jcm;rIr&Sd? v,fuGif;jyifBuD;rsm;om? wpfcgwpf&H
rSom opfyiftkyfrJrJBuD;rsm;/ 'gvGrf;p&m jrifuGif;vm;/ [kwfygw,f/
wu,f vGrf;csifaeoltzdkY r*Fvm{nfhcHyGJjrifuGif;onfvnf; vGrf;p&myJ/
wu,fawmhrl jrifuGif;onf ta&;rBuD;yg/ pdwfuom ta&;BuD;ygonf/
xdkYaMumihf vomaewmvnf; vGrf;p&myg/ ]at;}qdkaom
aumifrav;onf cktcsdefrSm vrif;BuD;udkyif ai;Munfhaeygvdrfhrnfvm;/
xkdtcg olwdkYESpfa,muf\ rsufESmrsm;onf vrif;BuD;rSm qHkawGYMuonf/
vrif;BuD;onf wjznf;jznf; jyHK;ívmavonf/
aMu;eef;wdkifrsm;onf &dyfceJ&dyfceJ usef&pfcJhMuonf/ &xm;BuD;
onf &efukefNrdKUudk qefYusifckwfarmif;aeonf/ odkY&mwGif jrifhaomif;\
pdwftpOfonf &efukefNrdKU urm&Gwf vSnf;wef;t&yf&Sd wuúodkvf
ausmif;awmfBuD;qDodkYom tb,fhaMumifh jyefvnf ajy;vTm;oGm;ae
&ygoenf;/

~ 27 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

'Dvdkav? b,fvdkvJqdkawmh.../
at; qdkwJh aumifrav;wpfa,mufeJY uRefawmfeJY cspfaeMuw,f/
odMu&JUvm;/ ]]rodvdkYygq&m&,f ajymjyprf;yguG,f}} qdk&ifawmh
ajymjy&ao;wmayghav/
tpuae p NyD; ajymjyr,f/
at; udk uRefawmfcspfw,f/
[kwfw,f? [kwfw,f? tJ'g tpyJ/
uRefawmf i,fi,fwkef;u a*:vD½dkufwJhtaMumif;? tdrfu
ykdufqHcdk;NyD; acgufqGJaMumf 0,fpm;wJhtaMumif;? twef;xJrSm pmr&vdkY
'l;axmuf&wJhtaMumif;? ausmif;pmawG cufwJhtaMumif;? ukefaps;EIef;
taMumif;? atpD,HxdyfoD;nDvmcHtaMumif;? tJ'gawGudk bmqdkifvdkYrsm;
ajymjy&rSmvJ/ b,folawGurSvnf; pdwf0ifpm;MurSmvnf; r[kwfygbl;/
r[kwfvm;/
'gaMumifh at; udk uRefawmfcspfwhJtaMumif;u tpyJvdkY
ajymwmyg/
at; udk uRefawmf cspfw,f/
q,fwef;wkef;uaygh/ aMomf...q,fwef;wkef;u qdkawmh
wuúodkvfu taMumif;avmuf pdwf0ifpm;zdkY raumif;bl;qdk&ifvnf;
eJeJav; onf;cHNyD;awmh em;axmifygaemf/ aemufydkif;rSm aumif;cef;awG
&Sdygaow,fav/

~ 28 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

at;eJYuRefawmf[m wpfwef;xJyJ/ tJ'Dwkef;u at;u i,fi,f


av;aygh/ [if... uRefawmfuvnf; i,fi,fav;ygyJ/ tJ'Dwkef;u/
at;xufpm&ifawmh eJeJawmh BuD;wmaygh/ touf/
uRefawmfu &Spfwef;wkef;uwnf;u at; udk cspfaewm/
odkYayr,fh rajym&JvdkY rajymcJhbl;/ ]usdwfydk;}ayghav/ uRefawmfwdkY
&Spfwef;wkef;uqdk&if tJ'grsKd;vkyf&rSm odyf&SufMuwm/ ckacwf
&Spfwef;awGawmh rodbl;/ uRefawmfwdkYwkef;uxufawmh enf;enf;ydk Hot
r,f xifw,f/ bmvdkYqdk uRefawmhfnD q,fwef;ausmif;om;
pdk;xGef;atmifu uRefawmhfudk wpfcgajymzl;w,f/ ]tpfudkYaumifrav;u
odyfcdkufzdkYaumif;wmyJ} wJh/
tJ...b,fawmif a&mufoGm;NyD;NyDvJ rodygbl;/ [kwfNyD [kwfNyD/
q,fwef;wkef;uaygh/ at;wdkYvufawGYcef;oGm;aewkef; uRefawmftwef;
xJudk wdwfwdwfuav;jyefvmcJhw,f/ bmvkyfzdkYvJ odMu&JUvm;/
]rodvdkYygq&m&,f ajymjyprf;yguG,f} qdk&ifvnf; ajymjy&ao;wm
ayghav/
'Dvdkav/ b,fvdkvJqdkawmh at;&JU pmtkyfwpftkyfMum;xJrSm
pmwpfapmifudk n§yfxnfhay;vkdufwmaygh/ ykdifw,faemf/ 'gayghav...
emrnfudku Munhfygvm;/ ]jrifhaomif;} wJh/ tJ...bmqdkifvdkYvJ/ qdkifqdkif
rqdkifqdkif ydkif&ifNyD;wmyJ r[kwfvm;/
pmxJrSm a&;xm;yHkuvnf; odyfwu,f rdvkdufvSygvm;/
Munfhygav/
]]toufrJhwJh awmifeH&HBuD;awmifrS toHay;&if yJhwifoH
jyefvmwwfygw,fat;&,f}}

~ 29 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tMuifem &SdwJh at;&JUESvHk;om;rSm trkef;r&SdygapeJY}}


]]Munfjyma&mif tjyHK;uav; jyHK;vkdufygaemf}}
a[a[h/ 'DvdkpmrsKd;udkzwfNyD;&if b,faumifrav;ursm;
uRefawmhfudk rcspfbJ aeEdkifvdrfhrSmwJhvJ/

Ä Ä Ä

]]eifaemufwpfcg pmxyfay;&if q&mBuD;eJY oGm;wkdifvkdufr,f


'gyJ}}
at;/ at;/ &ufpufvScsnfvm; at;&,f/ at; udk,fhudk
rMuifembl;/ uRefawmf t&rf;aqG;oGm;w,f/ odkYayr,hf pdwf"mwfawmh
rusvkdufvSao;ygbl;av/ bmvdkYqdk at;u ajymw,fr[kwfvm;/
]aemufwpfcg pmay;&if q&mBuD;eJY wkdifr,fvdkY}
pmay;&if wkdifr,fqdkawmh yg;pyfeJYajymvkduf&ifawmh
rwdkifbl;ayghav/ 'Dawmh bmvkyfovJ odMu&JUvm;/ ]rodvdkYygq&m&,f
ajymjyprf;yguG,f} qkd&ifvnf; ajymjy&ao;wmayghav/
at; udk uRefawmf pum;vkdufajymw,f/
]]at;at;oef;}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]wdkYpmudk zwf&JUvm;}}
]]zwfom;yJ}}

~ 30 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]b,fvdkvJ[if}}
]]eif okarmifpmtkyfxJu cdk;csxm;wm r[kwfvm;}}
]][kwf...tJ...r[kwfygbl;[m}}
]]bmyJjzpfjzpfav? eif aemufwpfcg ighudk xyfNyD; raESmifh,Suf
ygeJY? eifhudkig vHk;0rBudKufbl; 'gyJ}}
tpdrf;&ifha&mif pum;awG/ uRefawmhfESvHk;om;[m ivsif
'PfaMumifh NydKusysufpD; oGm;awmhw,f/
uRefawmf odyfaqG;oGm;w,f/ ]urÇmaqG;} yJ? tJ'DaeYu pNyD; at;
udk uRefawmf xyfraESmifh,Sufawmhygbl;/ olUudkvnf; rMunfhawmhbl;/
rsufESmcsif;qdkifrd&ifvnf; rsufESmudk csufcsif;vTJypfw,f/
udk usqHk;oGm;ygNyD at;/

Ä Ä Ä

uRefawmf q,fwef;atmifNyD;awmh wuúodkvfudk a&mufvm


cJhw,f/ a[m...a[m ]wuúodkvf} qdkwmeJY rsufvHk;awGu awmufajymif
vmMuNyD r[kwfvm;/ wuúodkvfutaMumif;qkd&if vlawGu bmvdkYrsm;
pdwf0ifpm;Mu&wmvJ/
xm;ygawmhav/ uRefawmf qufajymjyyghr,f/ 'Dwpfcgawmh
uRefawmfukd,fwdkifu odyfajymjycsifaewmyg/ ajymjyyg&ap q&mwdkY&,f/

~ 31 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

at;eJYuRefawmfeJY jyefqHkMuw,f/
csufcsif;BuD; awGYwmawmh r[kwfygbl;/ ausmif;zGifhvdkY
q,f&ufavmufMumrSyg/ pmMunfhwkdufrSm pmtkyfiSm;zdkY rSwfyHkwif
vkyfaeMuwkef;rSmaygh/ at;u uRefawmhudkawGYawmh tHhMooGm;w,f/
NyD;awmh jyHK;jyw,f/ NyD;...ar;w,f/
]]ol b,far*smrSmvJ}}
]]*sDatmfavmf*sDrSm? eifaum}}
]]wdkY rufpfrSm}}
tdk... ]ar*sm} qdkwm b,fuvm Adkvfrª;[kwf&rSmvJ/
wuúodkvftaMumif; pdwf0ifpm;w,fvnf; qdkao;w,f/ tac:ta0:
awGvnf; bmrSrodbl;/ ]rodvdkYygq&m&,f ajymjyprf;yguG,f}
qdk&ifvnf; ajymjy&ao;wmayghav/
'Dvdkav? b,fvdkvnf;qdkawmh... ar*smqdkwmu ukd,foif,l
&r,fh t"du bmom&yfudk ajymwm/
*sDatmfavmf*sDqdkwmu blrdaA'udk ajymwm/ rufpfqdkwmu
ocsFmudk ajymwm/
tJ... ckeajymwmu yxrtBudrfawGYwm/
aMomf... ajymzdkY arhaevdkufwm/ tJ'Dwkef;u a'oaumvdyf
ray:ao;bl;/ yxrESpfawGu rEÅav;aqmifrSm wufMu&w,f/
'kwd,wpfcgawGYwmu uifwD;efrSm/ rEÅav;uifwD;efvkdYvnf;
ac:w,f/ awmifiluifwD;ef vdkYvnf; ac:w,f/ uifwD;efqdkwm
pm;aomufqdkifudk ajymwmav/

~ 32 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]a[m...}}
]]uvmyfpf r&Sdbl;vm;}}
]]tat;vmaomufwmvm;}}
]][kwfw,f? olaum}}
]]vufzuf&nfaomufrvdkY}}
]]'gjzifh oGm;awmhav}}
]]tat;wdkufcsifao;vdkY}}
]]vufzuf&nfaomufrvdkYqdk}}
]]tat;yJ aomufawmhr,f/ wdkYu tat;BudKufw,f}}
tJ'DaeYu pNyD; at;wdkY twef;a&SUrSm uRefawmf
oGm;apmifhwwfaeNyD/ at;wdkY twef;NyD;wJh tcsdefudk apmifh&wm odyfysif;zkdY
aumif;wmyJ/ odkYayr,fh uifwD;efrSm tMumBuD;xdkifaewmusawmh
bmvdkYrsm; ranmif;&wmygvJ/ aysmfawif aysmfao;w,f/ at;u
uRefawmfhudk bmvdkY vdkufavsmae&wmvJ/ at;u uRefawmhfudk
oem;aevdkYygvm;/
at; udk uRefawmf ydkYpu'fwpfck ay;vkdufw,f/
vufa&;ydkYpu'fav/ rsKd;jrihfvGifu yef;csDqGJay;w,f/ armif&Sefu
uAsmpyfay;w,f/
wef;cdk;&Sifrsm;&,f...
]]a'gojzpfaewJh cspfol&JU EIwfcrf;uav;udk jyHK;vmatmif
vkyfay;ygvm;uG,f}}

~ 33 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

armif&SefqdkwJhaumifu uAsmpyfwJhae&mrSm wu,fawmfw,f/


[kwfw,f [kwfw,f? &,f&w,f/ ]aMumifayhavmifayh} qdkwJh
tawG;tac:rsKd;awG olYacgif;u xGufvmwwfw,f/ odkYayr,fh
wuúodkvfrSmu aMumifwmudkvnf; vlawGu BudKufcsifBudKufwmygyJav/
'gaMumifhvnf; rdpHu olYudk BudKufwmaygh/
at;u uRefawmhfudk ydkYpu'fwpfck jyefay;w,f/
apmapmjrifh&JUyef;csDeJY? uAsma&;wJholu... cspfprf;atmif wJh/
]]tonf;av;
aomhcwfxm;r,f/
cspfolqDrSm
aomh&Sdw,f}}

Ä Ä Ä

uRefawmfeJY at; cspfoGm;Mua&m/


wuúodkvfrSm aumifav;wpfa,mufeJY aumifrav; wpfa,muf
cspfoGm;Muw,fqdkwm odMu&JUvm;/ uJygav? uRefawmfuyJ ajymjy
yghr,f/
'Dvdkav? b,fvdkvJqdkawmh aumifrav; twef;NyD;wJhtcsdefrSm
aumifav;u vmapmifhae&w,f/ tdkav? twef;rNyD;cif q,fhig;rdepf
avmufuwnf;u BudKNyD;apmifhae&wmyg/ bmvdkYqdk wpfcgwpfcgus

~ 34 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

q&m q&mrawGu rdepfig;q,fjynfhatmif roifbl; r[kwfvm;/


wpfcgwpfcgusawmhvJ rdepfig;q,fawmif rubl;/ wpfem&D
ausmfausmfavmuf Mumatmif oifwwfw,f/ tJvkd aemufusNyD;
twef;NyD;wJh tcgrsKd;us&if odyfpdwfnpfzdkY aumif;wmyJ/ q&mawGuvnf;
bmvdkYrsm; 'Davmufawmif pmwwfapcsifae&wmvJ rodygbl;/
at;uaum pmxJrSm pdwf0ifpm;Edkifyghrvm;/
at; twef;NyD;wJh tcgusawmh tif;0uifwD;efrSm xrif;
oGm;pm;Muw,f/ b,fuvm xrif;qdkif [kwf&rSmvJ/ vufzuf&nf
qdkifrSm/ udkarmifpdef&JU vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm xrif;pm;Muwm/ qdkifu
rSmpm;wmvnf; r[kwfygbl;/ at;rSm xrif;bl;ygw,fav/ xrif;
pm;NyD;awmh uRefawmf vufzuf&nfaomuf? at;u tat;aomuf/
[kwfw,f/ wuúodkvfu pm;aomufqdkifawGrSmqdk&if wpfxdkifwnf;eJY
pm;csifwm tukefrSmvdkY&w,f/ vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm xdkifayr,fhvnf;
tjcm;qdkifu tat;udk rSmaomufvdkY&w,fav/
tif;0uifwD;efrSm armif&SefwdkY rdpHwdkYeJY cPcP qHkwwfw,f/
tif;aygh? olwdkYuvnf; vmpm;Muwmaygh/ [kwfw,faemf? wpfae&m&m
oGm;cgeD;us&if ckvdkyJ pm;xm;MurS/ wpfae&m&mrSm oGm;xkdifrdMuNyDqdk&if
odyfMumwwfMuwm r[kwfvm;/ NyD;awmhvnf; tJ'Dtcgus&if rqmMu
awmhbl; av? armif&SefeJYrdpHu xrif;rpm;Mubl;/ qDcsufacgufqGJwkdY?
eef;BuD;rkefYwDwdkYyJ pm;Muw,f/ rdpHrSm xrif;bl;rygvkdYawmh r[kwfygbl;?
ygygw,f/ odkYayr,fh rdpHu xrif;udk reuf udk;em&DavmufrSm pm;
wwfwm/ armif&SefqdkwJhaumifuvJ rdpHeJYawGY&r,fhtcsdefusrS ausmif;udk
vmwmvm; rodbl;/ ola&mufwJh tcsdefus&if rdpHu xrif;pm;NyD;aeNyD/
uRefawmfu rdpHudk ar;w,f/

~ 35 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rdpH eif armif&SefzdkY xrif;csefrxm;wwfbl;vm;? 'Daumif


oem;ygw,f[m...}}
uRefawmfu armif&Sefudk ESdrfvkdufwmav/ ]]rif; ighvkd
xrif;bl;xJu xrif; pm;&&JUvm;}} vkdYaygh/ odkYayr,fh rdpHu
bmjyefajymw,frSwfovJ/
]]wdkYu OD;OD;zsm;zsm;rS auR;csifwm}} wJh/
]]'g...'g rdpHu uRefawmfhudk jyefESdrfvdkufwmyJaygh/ bmvdkYqdk?
xrif;pm;MuwJhtcg at; udk t&ifpm;cdkif;NyD; uRefawmfu aemufrS
pm;wwfw,f r[kwfvm;/ rdpHu uRefawmfhudk xrif;usef [if;usef
pm;&wJh aumifvkdY ajymvkdufwmyJav/ trSefuawmh uRefawmfu at; udk
cspfvdkY at; aemufrS pm;wmygaemf}}
armif&Sefuawmh xHkpHtwdkif;ygyJ/ olursm; tay:pD;u &oGm;NyD
qdk&if tjywfESdrfawmhwmyJ/
]][J[J... at;u rif;udk awmfawmfcspfyHk&w,faemf/ rif;
oGm;Mum;nyfrSm pdk;vdkYeJYwlw,f? tom;awGudk olcsnf; tukef
pm;ypfwmyJ/ NyD;awmhvnf; rif;rSm u,fvfpD,rf"mwf rsm;rsm;&atmifvdkY
t½dk;awGawmh csefxm;wwfw,f? AsKdUq&m... qDcsufESpfyGJ ay;yg/
tom;rsm;rsm;xnfhaemf...[d}}
armif&SefeJYrdpH/ awmfawmfvnf; vdkufzufnDwJh twGJyJ/ olrsm;udk
enf;enf;uav;awmh ausmvdkuf&rS auseyfwJhtwGJ/

Ä Ä Ä

~ 36 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

pm;aomufNyD;MuNyDqdk&if uRefawmfwdkY wpfae&m&mrSm oGm;xkdif


Muw,f/ tif;vsm;uefapmif;? tif;0vrf;eJY tif;vsm;vrf; qHkwJhae&m
em;u 0g;½Hkyifuav;atmuf? tcef; S-4, E-3, A-205.
&efukef avSavSmf&Gufwkduftoif;&SdwJhem;u uefpyfrSm xdkif&wm
odyfMunfEl;p&maumif;wmyJ/ xrif;pm;NyD;wJhtcg xrif;bl;xJrSmusefwJh
xrif;aphuav;awGudk tif;vsm;uefxJudk ypfcsw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm
ig;&Snf&Snfuav;awGu xrif;vHk;uav;awGudk ajy;NyD; [yfMua&m/
vQyfppf"mwfvTwfwwfwJh ig;uav;awGvdkY ajymMuw,f/ olwdkYudk
oGm;xdrd&if usifusifoGm;w,f/
tcef; S-4 taMumif; ajym&OD;r,f/
'Dvdkav/ b,fvdkvJqdkawmh tJ'Dtcef;u us,fvJus,fw,f/
NyD;awmhusawmh/ wuúodkvfrSm &SdwJh tcef;awGxJrSm tarSmifqHk;yJ/ twGJ
av; ig;wGJ avmufrsm;awmh wpfacsmifpDrSm uyfaevdkuf&if aysmuf
xGufoGm;wmyJ/ tJ'Dtcef;u bmvdkYarSmif&wmvJqdkawmh tcef;udk
umxm;wJh rSefawGudk tjyifuae rD;cdk;&ifha&mif aq;awG okwfxm;vdkY?
t&ifu vufawGYprf;oyfcef;vkyfzl;vdkY tvif;a&mifr0ifatmif aq;okwf
xm;wm xifw,f/ tif;aygh... "mwfaq;wcsKdU[m tvif;a&mifxd&if
"mwfjy,fwwfw,f r[kwfvm;/
odkYayr,fh EIwfcrf;eDeHYuav;awGuawmh tvif;a&mifr0ifbJeJYvJ
jy,fwwfwmygyJ/
S-4 rSm uRefawmfwdkY xdkifwm rsm;w,f/ bmvdkYqdk tJ'Dtcef;u
arSmifw,f r[kwfvm;/ tdk... bmawGavQmufawG;aewmvJ/ at;u
vlawG jrifEdkifwJh ae&mrSm rxdkifcsifbl;qdkvdkY tJ'DrSm xdkifwmyg/
NyD;awmhvnf; uRefawmfu EIwfcrf;eDudk tirf;r& erf;wmxuf

~ 37 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

vufarmif;uav;udk ajz;ajz;av; erf;&wmudk ydkNyD; ESpfoufw,fqdkwm


rodMubl;vm;/
S-4 rSm qdk&if wHcg;ydwfxm;vdkufwJhtcg tjyifuae b,fvdkrS
rjrifEdkifawmhbl;/ acsmif;Munfhcsifw,f qdk&ifvJ wHcg;udkzGifhMunfhrS
jrif&w,f/ odkYayr,fh tJ'Dvdk wHcg;udkzGihf acgif;BuD;udk jyLNyD; acsmif;Munhf
wmrsKd;[m ½dkif;pdkif;wJh tjyKtrlvdkY wuúodkvfausmif;om;awGu cH,l
xm;Muwmudk odMuyg&JUvm;/
acsmif;Munhfw,fqdkvdkY ajym&OD;r,f/ tJ'Dvdk uRefawmfwdkYu
olrsm;awG racsmif;MunhfEdkifwJh ae&mrsKd;rSm xdkifwwfwmudk cspfoli,fcsif;
awGu rMunfvifMubl;/ rsKd;jrihfvGifu bmajymvJ odvm;/
]]rif;uvJuGm? oli,fcsif;awGtay: rMuifembl;? [kd;...tarSmif
cef;xJ oGm;xdkifw,f/ igeJY 'g'gqdk&if vlawG jrifomwJhae&mrSmyJ
xdkifw,f/ acsmif;csifwJh oli,fcsif;awGvJ jrifomygapqdkwJh apwemeJY}}
tr,f...oluvnf; oli,fcsif;awG acsmif;csifacsmif;ygapqdkwJh
apwemeJY...wJh/ wu,fawmh apwem r[kwfygbl;/ t&Sufr&Sdwm/
wu,fawmh 'DaumifawG vdkufracsmif;EdkifwJh ae&mudk oGm;&wm
taMumif;&Sdygw,f/ 'DaumifawGu odyfavmifwm/ olwdkYjrifomwJh
tcef;rsKd;rSm oGm;xdkifrd&if tcef;ab;uae jzwfavQmufNyD;...
]]rD;owdjyKygAsKdU}} vdkY atmfoGm;wwfw,f/ rD;avmifw,fqdkwm
udk odNyD;MuNyD r[kwfvm;/
tif;...[kwfw,f/ [kwfw,f/ 'DaumifawGu twGJacsmif;&wmudk
odyf0goemygwm/ b,favmufxd 0goemygvJqdkawmh... uif;aumifBuD;

~ 38 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

qdk&if olYaumifrav;eJY csdef;xm;wmudkawmif roGm;bJeJY twGJvkdufacsmif;


w,fwJh/
armif&Sefusawmh wpfrsKd;av;.../ rdpHeJY tcef;xJrSm wlwlxdkifae
&if;uae rdpHudk vSnfhpum;ajymovdkvdk bmvdkvdkeJY rdpH&JU vufarmif;Mum;
uae olwdkYaemufu twGJ bmvkyfaew,fqdkwm acsmif;Munhfwm
uRefawmfudk,fwkdif jrifzl;w,f/ tifaygh... uRefawmfuvnf; 'DaumifawG
twGJudk oGm;acsmif;vdkY jrifwmaygh/ acsmif;wJh ae&rSmawmh tJoavmuf
0goemygMuwm/
aMomf...avSum;ac: armifpH&Sm;vm;/ 'Daumifuawmh acsmif;½Hk
oufoufygyJ? bmvkdYqdk 'DaumifhrSm &nf;pm;rS r&Sdwm/ [kwfw,f/
&nf;pm;r&Sd iHk;wdwdaygh/ wpfa,mufwnf;yJ/ wpfOD;wnf;bDvl;BuD;
tmVm0u qdkwm 'Daumifaygh/
yledyfeJY 'DaumifeJY aygif;NyD; arsmufoif;uGJ toif;tzGJY zGJYxm;
Muw,f/
a[m...ajym&if;qdk&if;eJY b,fhES,faMumifh 'DaumifawGtaMumif;
a&mufoGm;&jyefygvdrfh/ ysif;aeMuNyDvm; aqm&D;aemf/

Ä Ä Ä

at; pdwfaumufwJhtcg uRefawmfu acsmhw,f/ at;u


pdwfaumufNyD; uRefawmhfudk pum;rajymwJhtcg? uRefawmfu
pum;ajym&if [kdbufvSnfhNyD; aewJhtcg? bmrSrpm;aomufbJ EIwfcrf;udk

~ 39 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

plNyD;aewJhtcg... uRefawmf t&rf;0rf;enf;wmyJ/ wpfcsdefxJrSm wu,f


0rf;enf;wm r[kwfwmvnf; odaew,f/ pdwfajyoGm;wJhtcg aysmf&rSmudk
awG;NyD; BudKwif 0rf;omaerdw,f/ [kwfw,fav? pdwfaumufw,f
qdkwm pdwfqdk;wmrS r[kwfbJ/ pdwfaumufw,fqdkwmu wu,f a'go
rjzpfbJ a'gojzpfcsif[efaqmifwm r[kwfvm;/
'Dvdkav? b,fvdkvJqdkawmh/
uRefawmfwdkYeJY cifwJh a'gufwmwkwfzsH&JU arG;aewkef;uaygh/
uRefawmf t&uf enfenf;aomufwm at; odoGm;w,f/ qefeD
oGm;axmifwmaygh/ olu at; udk oGm;ajymw,f/
]]tJ'Dwkef;u[m igwdkYuawmh wpfcGufavmufaomufNyD; ab;z,f
aevdkufwm? jrifhaomif;BuD;uawmh a&a&vnfvnf BudwfwmyJ? q&m
wpfcGuf olwpfcGuf ESdyfvkdufMuwm? aemufqHk;awmh xrf;NyD; jyef&wmyJ}}
at;u uRefawmhfudk pdwfaumufa&m/
]]ukd,f enf;enf;av; aomufwmyguGm? bmrSr[kwfbJ xdkifae
&if r*Fvm,lovdk jzpfaerSmpdk;vdkY? tm;emwmeJY}}
uRefawmf at;&JUycHk;udk udkifvdkufw,f/ at;u uRefawmfhvufukd
ykwfcsw,f/
]]wu,f enf;enf;av;yguGm}}
at; EIwfcrf;plvkdufw,f/
]]qefeD oufoufrJh 0ifaxmifwmyg}}
at;idkaeNyD/

~ 40 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][if...at;idkaew,f? ridkygeJYat;&,f? udk awmif;yefygw,f}}


at;&JUukd,fuav;u odrfhodrfhwkefaew,f/
]]udk rSm;oGmw,f at;? udk rSm;oGm;w,f? at; pdwfqif;&Jatmif
vkyfrdwm udk rSm;oGm;w,f}}
at;u ½IdufaewkefyJ/
]][if...at; 0rf;enf;atmif vkyfwJh yg;pyf? at;rBudKufwJh
t&ufudk aomufwJh yg;pyf? uJuGm...uJ...uH}}
uRefawmfhyg;pyfukd uRefawmf vufeJY½dkufw,f/
]]tdk...}}
at;u uRefawmhfvufudk zrf;qGJxm;w,f/
]]at; udkYudk pdwfqdk;vdkY r[kwfygbl;? 0rf;enf;vdkYygudk&,f}}
]]awmfNyDat;? aemufudk t&ufqdk&if teHYawmif rcHawmhbl;}}
at;rsufESmu jyHK;vmNyD/ rsuf&nfawGusaewJh aumifrav;
wpfa,muf jyHK;wm b,favmuf cspfzdkYaumif;vkdufvSygovJ/
uRefawmfu at; udk ajymjyw,f/
]]udkYudkav oli,fcsif;awGu ]twkv} vdkYac:Muw,f? bmvdkY
tJhvkdac:wmvJqkdawmh udku at; udk tcspfppf tcspfrSefeJY
cspfwJhtaMumif;udk olwdkYudk ajymjyw,f? tcspfppfudk t*Fvdyfvdk True
Love vdkYac:w,f r[kwfvm;? tJ...x½l;vzftaMumif;udk udku cPcP
ajymvGef;vdkY wdkYudk ]x½l;vzf}vdkY ac:Mu&muae ]twkv} jzpfvmwm}}
at;u idkjyefa&m/

~ 41 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][if at;? bmvdkYidk&jyefwmvJuG,f}}


at;u acgif;cgw,f/ NyD;awmhrS
]]ckwpfcg at; idkwmu 0rf;omvdkYyg? at; udk udkodyfcspfw,f
qdkwm od&vdkY 0rf;omvdkY idkwmyg}}
at;&JU ½IdufoHaysmufoGm;atmif at;&JU EIwfcrf;uav;udk
ydwfxm;vkdufw,f/ uRefawmfhEIwfcrf;eJY/
armif&Sef&JUtbd"r®muav;udk owd&w,f/ cPcP pdwf
raumufwwfwJhvl[m wpfcgpdwfaumufNyDqdk&if wpfoufpm
jywfua&m/ cPcP pdwfaumufwwfwJhvlusawmh tJvkd r[kwfbl;/
]tif;av...cPcP pdwfaumufw,f qdkuwnf;u MumMum
raumufwwfvdkYaygh/ cPcP pdwfaumufawmh cPcP acsmh&w,f/
cPcP pdwfajyw,f/ cPcP aysmfp&m aumif;w,fwJh/
[kwfwmaygh/ pdwfaumufNyD;vdkY pdwfajyMuwJhtcg wpfa,mufu
olrSm;ygw,fvdkY 0efcHw,f/ wpfa,mufuvnf; oluydkrSm;wmygvdkY
0efcHw,f/ t½IH;ay;wm NydKifMuwmayghav/ vlawG[m tEdkif&&if
aysmfMuw,fwJh/ odkYayr,fh cspfoludk t½HI;ay;Muovm;/ [kwfw,f?
uRefawmfeJY at;eJY odyfcspfMuw,f/
uRefawmfwdkY odyfcspfMuwmudk oli,fcsif;awGvnf; odw,f/
q&m q&mrawGvnf; odw,f/ vufzuf&nfqkdifu udkarmifpdefwdkY?
a&TpdkifwdkY? jzL0if;wdkYvnf; odw,f/ EGm;EdkYylylav;a&mif;wJh rmrlBuD;vnf;
odw,f/ tdk...0dZÆmaqmifudk apmifh&wJh tefaxmfeDawmif odw,f/
Ä Ä Ä

~ 42 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

uRefawmfwdkYvGrf;wJhtcgusawmh b,folursm; odMuygovJ/


a&wrmyifuav;awGuawmh odMuygovm;/
'Dvdkav? b,fvdkvJ qdkawmh...uRefawmf uGif;qif;zdkY c&D;
rxGufcif wpf&ufupNyD; uRefawmfeJYat;eJY vGrf;Muw,f/ tJ'DaeYu
,k'oefbk&m;&Sdcdk;ausmif;atmufrSm uRefawmfwdkY xdkifMuw,f/
at;u uRefawmhfycHk;ay:rSm acgif;rSDxm;w,f/ uRefawmfu
at;&JUqHyifuav;awGudk vufeJYxdk;zGaerdw,f/
]]udk reufjzef oGm;&awmhr,faemf}}
odvsufom;eJY at;u ar;w,f/
]]wpfvawmif MumrSmaemf}}
odvsufom;eJY at;u ar;w,f/
]]odyfyifyef;rSmyJaemf}}
odvsufom;eJY at;u ar;w,f/
]]usef;rma&;udk *½kpdkufygaemf}}
uRefawmf acgif;ndwfjyw,f/
]]eufjzef at; vkdufydkYEdkifatmif BudK;pm;r,faemf}}
uRefawmf acgif;ndwfjyw,f/
]]udku bmvdkY pum;rajym&wmvJ}}
]]udk at; udk 0rf;omp&mpum;yJ ajymcsifw,f}}
]]udku tck 0rf;enf;aewmvm;}}

~ 43 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at;uaum}}
]]cspfoleJYcGJ&vkdY aysmfwJhvl r&Sdygbl;}}
]]udk odyf0rf;enf;w,f}}
]]at;awmh odyfvGrf;aerSmyJ}}
]]zD;vfrqif;&atmif vkyfay;EdkifwJhvl&Sd&if odyfaumif;rSmyJ}}
tJ'DaeYu pum;rajymjzpfMubl;/ 0rf;enf;wJhtcgus&if &,fp&m
aumif;wJh pum;awGudk b,folursm; ajymcsifvdrfhrSmvJ/
at;u uRefawmhfycHk;ay:rSmbJ wpfcsdefvHk;rSDNyD; aew,f/
uRefawmfuvnf; at;&JUqHyifuav;udkyJ wpfcsdefvHk; erf;aerdw,f/
jyefcgeD;usawmh at;u uRefawmhf&ifcGifrSm rsufESmtyfxm;
vkdufw,f/ at;&JUukd,fuav;u wodrfhodrfh wkefaeovdkyJ/
iSufuav;u vGrf;aw;udkqdkwJhtcg...
idkcsif&uf vufwdkYjzpfaewJh 0g;½Hkyifuav;qDu ½IdufoHoJhoJhudk
Mum;vkduf&w,f/
tif;vsm;uefBuD;u rsufESmudk vuf;0g;eJY tkyfxm;w,f/
aMu;jcaoFhnDaemifu rsuf&nfawG usaew,f/
opfykyfyifBuD;u vufjyEIwfqufw,f/
at; udk cGJcGmoGm;&rSm bGJYESif;obifcef;rBuD;udk acgif;ay:wif
xm;&ovdkygyJvm;/

~ 44 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

vGrf;&aqG;&r,fh &ufawG[m t"dywdvrf;rBuD;vdk &Snfvsm;awmh


rSmygvm;/
jyefvnfqHkqnf;&r,fh&ufudk apmifh&wm[m ,k'oefbk&m;&Sdcdk;
ausmif; arQmfpifBuD;udk armhMunfh&ovkdygyJvm;/
oli,fcsif;wdkY&,f...
wpfvqdkwJhtcsdefudk csufcsif; ukefoGm;atmif aerif;BuD;udk
0dkif;ul wGef;ay;Muygvm;uG,f/

~ 45 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(2)

]]Awf}}
jrifhaomif;\acgif;udk iSufaysmcGHwpfck vmrSefonf/
]]b,faumifypfwmvJuG}}
ola'gojzpfoGm;onf/ olYtawG;udk iSufaysmcGHu vma&muf
aESmifh,Sufvkdufwmudk;/ olYtawG;pwdkYonf &efukefwuúodkvfrS &xm;
ay:odkY okwfokwfysmysm jyefvnfxGufajy;vmMu&onf/
w&m;cHudk ol r&Smwwf/ arSmifaeonf/
]]b,faumifvJuG ajymav}}
rsKd;jrihfvGifonf olYem;&yfí wdk;wdk;av; ajymonf/
]]a[haumif 0dkif;aomf ypfwmjzpfr,f? cke 'Daumifh pum;ajymoH
udkMum;&wm wpfckckudk 0g;pm;&if;u yvkwfyavmif;ajymwJh toHrsKd;uG}}
0dkif;aomf&Sd&modkY jrifhaomif; avQmufoGm;onf/
]]i0kdif;}}
0dkif;aomfvnf; ppfwk&ifupm;ae&mrS armhMunhfonf/ olYrsufESm
udkjrifvkdufonfESihf 'DaumifypfwmrSef; odvdkufonf/ 0dkif;aomf rsufESmu
pyfNzJNzJ/
]]ighudk iSufaysmcGHeJYypfwm rif; r[kwfvm;}}

~ 46 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]r[kwfygbl;uGm}}
]]bmr[kwfygbl;vJ}}
jrifhaomif;u a[mufvkdufaomaMumifh 0dkif;aomfrsufESm
wnfoGm;onf/
]]r[kwf&ygbl;uGm? ig 'DrSm csufpfxdk;aewmyg}}
]]rnmeJY rif; cke pum;ajymoH[m wpfckckudk 0g;ae&if;u
ajymrSef; odomaew,f}}
]]ig bmrS rpm;bl;}}
]]rif; ajAmifrvdrfeJY}}
]]cufygvm;? igh[mig csufpfxdk;aewm? rif;udkawmif
*½krpdkuftm;bl;? r,Hk&if 'Daumifh ar;Munfh}}
0dkif;aomfu upm;zufudkatmifudk ar;aighjyonf/ udkatmif
tajym&cufaeonf/
]]igvJ rodbl;? bk&ifrBuD; tpm;cH&vkdY pdwfnpfaewm}}
jrifhaomif; pdwfwdkvmonf/ tajctaeu eJeJwif;rmvmNyD/
]]i0dkif; rif;wpfcGef;xJajym? rif;ypfovm;? rypfbl;vm;}}
]]rypfbl;}}
]]ypfw,f? rif; ypfwm}}
]]rypfbl;}}
]]ypfw,f}}

~ 47 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rypfbl;}}
jrifhaomif;u £a`E´rqnfEdkifawmh? ol&,fvdkufonf/
]]0dkif;aomf&m rSefrSefajymyguG? igodcsifwmu wjcm;aMumifh
r[kwfbl;? ckeiSufaysmcGH[m rif;pm;NyD; ypfvdkufwmqdk&if rif;rSm
iSufaysmoD;usefao;&if ighudkvJ wpfvHk;avmufauR;ygvdkY ajymrvdkY}}
]]rif;tvmaumif;ayr,fh tcgaESmif;oGm;NyD oli,fcsif;?
ckepm;wm aemufqHk;tvHkyJ}}
]]ratay;? ckeawmh rif;ypfwm r[kwfygbl;qdk}}
]]at;av igajymwmu iSufaysmoD;pm;w,fvdkYom ajymwmyJ?
iSufaysmcGHeJY ypfw,fvdkYrS rajymbJ}}
]]rif;rypfvdkY b,facG;aumifypfrvJ? uJ rif;wu,f rypfbl;qdk
usdefajymrvm;}}
]]ajymr,f}}
]]bk&m;pl;}}
]]bk&m;pl;}}
]]rkd;BudK;ypf}}
]]rkd;BudK;ypf}}
]]um;wdkufao}}
]]aouGm}}
]]ESray;}}

~ 48 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]ay;uGm}}
]]'gqdk auseyfNyD}}
jrifhaomif; vSnfhxGufoGm;onf/ 0kdif;aomf tcH&cufoGm;onf/
]]a[haumif? bmauseyfwmvJ}}
]]ESray;wm auseyfwmav? rif;ypfwm r[kwfbl;qdk&if rif;
emp&m rvdkygbl;}}
]]tJ...}}
0dkif;aomf bmajym&rSef;rod/ ol cHvkduf&NyD/ oli,fcsif;awGu
0kdif;atmfMuonf/
]]a[h...0dkif;aomfBuD; cHvdkuf&NyDa[h? omaygBuD;a[h}}
]][...[... bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrS jzpfwmr[kwfbl;? rD;avmifwm}}
&xm;vrf;c&D;onf aysmfp&m/ [kda&mufvQif olwdkYonf 'ku©rsm;?
yifyef;qif;&JrIrsm;ESifh BuHKawGY&rnfudk rodr[kwf odygonf/ odkY&mwGif
vli,fqdkonfrSm 'ku©wpfckudk BudKwifawG;awmí ylyefaewwfMuolrsm;
r[kwfMuyg/ 'ku©ukd wu,f &ifqdkifvm&aom tcgwGifvnf;
pdwfnpfpdwfyifyef;Mu&rvm;? aysmf&TifpGm &ifqdkifMu&rvm; qdkonf
udkvnf; BudKwifawG;awmaewwfMuolrsKd; r[kwfMuyg/
ckavmavmq,fawmh aysmfwmudkyJ olwdkYodonf/ pum;
0dkif;zGJYajymrnf/ wpfa,mufESihfwpfa,muf aemufajymifrnf/ *pfwm
wD;rnf/ ½dI;0dkif;uav; bmav; vkyfcsifvkyfMurnf/ eJeJaMu;aygh/

~ 49 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

wcsKdUvnf; tcspfuav;awGtaMumif;udk cPwpfjzKwf pOf;pm;csif


pOf;pm;Murnf/
ysOf;rem;blwmrSm &yfaomtcg qefeDonf cspfrsufrSefqDodkY
pmwpfapmif xyfxnfhonf/ blwm½kHu pmwdkufyHk;rSm nBuD;rif;BuD;
qif;xnfh&wm/ ompnfblwmodkYa&mufvsif olwpfapmif xyfxnfh
vdrfhOD;rnf/
vGefwmaygh qefeD&,f? urÇmvGefyJ/ yJcl;rSm wpfapmif?
ysOf;rem;rSm wpfapmif? ompnfrSm wpfapmif/xkdpmoHk;apmif pvHk;onf
cspfrsufrSefqDodkY wpfaexJwGif wpfNydKifwnf;a&mufoGm;vdrfhrnf[k oif
rodavovm; armifqefeD/
ompnfblwma&mufawmh a&mifeDyifrvmao;/ &xm;onf olwdkY
wGJudk jzKwfcsefxm;cJhNyD; qufxGufcGmoGm;avonf/ olwdkYwGJudk a&Tanmif
&xm;u vmqGJavonf/
ompnfrS vGefonfESihf &moDOwkonf enf;enf; ajymif;vJ
vmonf/ csrf;pdrfhpdrfh/ &Srf;jynfe,f\ t0if0t&yfrS aqmif;OD;onf
olwdkYudk pwif qD;BudKavNyD/
bk&m;ig;qlblwmrSm olwkdYqif;Muonf/ eHeufapmapm
&Spfem&DcefY/ ae aumif;pGm ryGifhao;/ tHkwHkwHk rdIif;wdkif;wdkif;/
olwdkYvltkyf qif;vdkufaomaMumifh &xm;rSm vl awmfawmf
acsmifoGm;onf/ &xm;BuD;onf ckrS ayghyg;oGm;[efjzifh jrL;<upGm
qufvuf xGufcGmoGm;avonf/
olwdkYudk pcef;csrnfh&GmodkY vdkufydkYay;rnfh um;onf
a&mufrvmao;/ aemufxyf ESpfem&Dausmfavmuf apmifh&vdrfhOD;rnf/

~ 50 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

apmihf&rnfh twlwlrdkY q&mu olwdkYudk [kdem;onfem; oGm;cGifhjyK


vdkufonf/ q,fem&DwdwdwGif vljyefqHkMu&rnf/
'DaeYonf aps;aeYjzpfonf/ ajrjyefYom;wdkYtzdkYawmh aeYwkdif;onf
aps;aeYyif/ odkY&mwGif olwdkYt&yfrSmawmh ig;&ufrSwpfBudrf aps;aeY&Sdonf/
aps;aeYr[kwfaom aeYrsm;wGif aps;onf ajcmufuyfuyfae\/ ukefajcmuf
a&mif;aomqdkif wpfqdkifp ESpfqdkifpESihf w½kwf?ukvm;ukefpHkqdkif rsm;om
zGifhonf/ om;pdrf;ig;pdrfqdkifr&Sd? [if;oD;[if;&Gufqdkifr&Sd/ aps;aeYusrSom
teD;tem;&Gmrsm;rS aps;onfwdkY tpHktvif a&muf&SdvmMuonf/
xdkaeYrsKd;rS [if;oD;[if;&Guf pdrf;pdrf;pdkpdkudk &onf/ om;pdrf;ig;pdrf;
udk&onf/xdkt&yfwGif Muufom;bJom; &Sm;onf/ 0ufom;udkom oHkH;Mu
onf/ ig;um; t&Sm;qHk;? &SdvQifvnf; ajrjyefYrS ig;rsKd;r[kwf/ ykZGefrl r&Sd
oavmufyif/
[if;oD;[if;&Gufawmh t&rf;aygrsm;onf/ olwdkYqDu t"du
pdkufysKd;yifrsm; r[kwfvm;/ MuufoGefjzLvnf; aygonf/ vufzufajcmuf
vnf; aygonf/ olwdkYqDu csdefcGifrSm ajrjyefYuvdk csdefcGifcGuf ESpfck
ygaom csdefcGifr[kwf/ csdefcGifcGuf wpfckom ygonf/ usefwpfbufu
tav;/ tav;rSmvnf; wpfrsKd;wnf;om? 0if½dk;ESifhcsdefcGifcGufwdkY\
tuGmta0;udk a&GUajymif;ay;jcif;jzihf vdktyfaom tav;csdefudk csdefwG,f
&aom csdefcGifrsKd;jzpfonf/ ½lyaA' oabmt& ]vnfudef;rsm;\ed,mr}
udk tajccHxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif aps;onfrsm;um; ½lyaA'udk
odMurnf r[kwf/ vufawGY tvkyfoabmt&om em;vnfMujcif;
jzpfonf/ xdkt&yfonf &Srf;jynfe,f\ tpyfom jzpfaomaMumihf
vlrsKd;pHkawGY&onf/ ytdkY? awmifol? ya'gif;? jrefrm tpHkyif/ urÇmay:&Sd
rnfonfht&yfürqdk awGYEdkifwwfaom vlrsKd;rsm;vnf; &Sdonf/ w½kwfESifh
ukvm;rsm;/

~ 51 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

pk&yfwGif jyefqHkMuNyD;rMumrD um;awG a&mufvmonf/ olwdkYudk


uGif;e,fajrta&muf ykdkYay;rnfhum;rsm;rSm ausmufo,frnfhum;awG?
trdk;r½Sd xdkifcHkryg/ um;ay:rSm zkefrIefYawG trsm;BuD;? odkY&mwGif olwdkY
aysmf&TifpGm vkdufygcJhMuonf/
c&D;Murf;pavNyD/
olwdkYoGm;aeaom vrf;onf t"dywdvrf; r[kwf/
olwdkYpD;aeaom um;onf av;vif;z,f&D;um; r[kwf/
olwdkYa&SU½Iaeaom c&D;onf aysmfyGJpm;c&D;r[kwf/ csKdifh0Srf;wdkY
>yrf;aomvrf;? ausmufo,faom x&yfum;? Murf;wrf;yifyef;aom c&D;/
wuúodkvfausmif;om;wpfa,mufudk rsufpdxJwGif rSef;Munhfyg/
qHyif&Snf&Snf? *dk;vfqmu,fvf? ,ltufpfat? qdkepf? bvuftif0dIuf
wHqdyfwdkY wyfxm;aom *sif;&Syf/ tavsmif? twD;? ab;bDwdkYcsKyfaom
zvJabmif;bD/ uarÁÁmZwHqdyfygaomvG,ftdwf wdkYudkom jrifa,mif
vdrfhrnf/
tif;vsm;uefaygifay:wGif cspfol\oufawmfapmifh wm0efudk
xrf;aqmifaeaom? yk*Hvrf;ay:wGif xD;awmfrdk; wm0efudk xrf;aqmif
aeaom? uhHaumfawmwGif terf;awmfquf wm0efudk xrf;aqmifaeaom
vkvifysKdwdkY tjzpfom jrifvdrfhrnf/
ajryHkudkMunfhí vnf;aumif;? uGefyufpfudk udkifí vnf;aumif;?
wlwpfvufjzifh ausmufcJrsm;udk xkí vnf;aumif;? aeylxJwGif
wukyfukyfvkyf&if; awmifay:odkY wufaeaom c&D;Murf;orm;rsm;tjzpf
b,folursm; jrifygrnfenf;/

~ 52 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rkwfqdwfusifpG,fwdkY xlxyfvsuf? acR;oH&TJ&TJpdkvsuf? npfayaom


t0wftpm;rsm;udk 0wfvsuf? aeavmifaomaMumifh tom;a&mifwdkYonf
ndKnpfvsuf&Sdaom tvkyfMurf;orm;rsm; tjzpf b,folursm; jrifyg
rnfenf;/
xdktvkyfrsKd;udk b,folursm; aysmfp&m[k xifygrnf;enf;/
odkY&mwGif oDcsif;oHwdkYonf wnHnH/
blrdaA'ausmif;om;aemifawmfwpfa,muf pyfqdkcJhaomoDcsif;/
]]ajreDvrf;uav;}} wJh/
wdkYnDtpfudkwpfawG...wdkYnDtpfudkwpfawG...tdk rysif;MuzdkY
csKdoDcsif;rsm; qdkae? awmNrdKifajcausmfvTm; rarmEdkifay
armf<um;... b,fnmraoGwrf;... ajcvSrf;NydKifae acsmif;udkjzwf
awmifudkywf r&yfrem; wpfwyfwtm;... rSwfom;avhvm...
þajrvTmtaMumif; odaumif;p&m.../
rdk;aomufcsdef t½kPfOD;aejcnf;zl;yav xMua[ &TifumjrL;
avjynfjzL;ae? pcef;cs&majrrS...xGufcGmMuav... vufawGYynm
qnf;yl;&efom... b,fnmajcvSrf; a&SUudkvSrf;ae rIdif;ndKUndKU
awmifajcwGif; c0yfqif;ae... tdk... ajreDvrf;uav;a&...
wdkYnDtpfudk awGrsm;udk qD;umBudKaeovm;vdkY pdwfrSm
xifpm;rdNyDav.../

~ 53 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(3)

uRJwyfqHk/
olwdkY pcef;csrnfh&Gm jzpfonf/
&Gmonf odyfrBuD;vS/ tdrfajcvnf; odyfrrsm;/
olwdkY &GmxJ0ifoGm;aomtcg &Gm&Sdvlrsm;u xGufMunfhMuonf/
uav;awGu atmf[pfvufjyMuonf/ acG;awGu 0kdif;a[mifMuonf/
olwdkYpcef;csrnfh ae&monf bkef;BuD;ausmif;0if;twGif; jzpf\/
blrdaA'XmerSydkifonf qdkaom bm;wdkufvdk taqmufttHkrsKd;/
blrdaA'Xmeykdifonf qdkaomaMumihf odyftxifrBuD;MuygESihf/ Mu,fjrif
vjrif taqmufttHkjzpfonf/ Murf;cif;? x&Hum? "edrdk;/ trdk;rsm;
rvHkNcHK? taygufawGESifh/ odkY&mwGif trdk;qdkonfrSm rdk;&GmaomtcgrS
vdkaomt&mrsKd; jzpfygonf/ ck aqmifOD; r[kwfvm;/ tumawGuvnf;
odyfrvHk aygufNyJaeonf/ 'guawmh enf;enf;raumif;/ ajrmufavonf
ESdyfpufuvl jyKEdkifonf/ okdY&mwGif odyfrrIyg/ ]aq;} &Sdom;yJ/
ypönf;awG ae&mcsNyD;? vlawGae&m,lNyD;csdefwGif q,fhESpfem&D
xdk;vkNyD/ reufpm xrif;pm;Mu&onf/ yxrOD;qHk;aom uGif;xrif;
wpfeyf/ uwdkufu½dkuf csufvdkuf&aomaMumifh [if;raumif;/ yJ[if;u
iHaeonf/ trJom;[if;u odyfrEl;csif/ odkY&mwGif odyfqmaeMu
aomaMumifh pm;vdkYtvGefNrdefonf/ xrif;pm;NyD;Muawmh wcsKdUu
udkufzJhvdkYr&aom trJom;t&GwfwHk;awGudk 0g;aeMuonf/ wcsKdUvnf;

~ 54 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

a&aEG;Murf;wnfaomufzdkY jyifqifMuonf/ wcsKdUvnf; xrif;vHk;pD&if;


wa&;warmtdyfzdkY tdyf&mqD ajcvSrf;jyifonf/ xdktcsdefwGif...
]]uJ ... tm;vHk;pm;vdkYNyD;&if jyifqifxm;Muawmh?
*sife&,fx&Aufpf xGuf&atmi}}
]]cifAsm}}
q&m &ufpufNyD/
ckyJ a&muf? ckyJ xrif;pm;NyD;? ckyJ em;r,fBuHum&Sdao;?
*sife&,fx&AufpfwJh/ *sife&,fx&Aufpf qdkonfrSm AdkvfcsKyfBuD;
x&Aufpf[k rqdkvdkyg/ taxGaxG jzwfoef;oGm;vmjcif;[k wdkuf½dkuf
t"dyÜg,f &ygonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh uGif;qif;e,fajr wpfckvHk;udk
tMurf;zsif; vSnfhvnfavhvmjcif; jzpfonf/
]]q&m&,f... tm;vHk;c&D;yef;vmwm? 'Dwpf&ufawmh...}}
]]rjzpfbl; wynfhwdkYa&? q&mvnf; yifyef;wmyJ? em;csifwmaygh?
'gayr,fh tcsdefr&Sdbl;uG? wdkYwpfawG wufokwf½dkufNyD; vkyf&rSm}}
q&mhtaMumif;udk odonf/ q&m vkyfrnfqdkvQif b,fvdkrS
wm;í&rnfr[kwf/ wrifoufouf ESdyfpufcsifvdkYawmh r[kwf/ tvkyf
awGursm;NyD; tcsdefu enf;aeaomaMumifhom jzpfonf/ rwwfEdkifNyD/
zD;vfukwfawG jyef0wf? awmpD;zdeyfawG jyefpD;? ausmydk;tdwfawGvG,f?
a&bl;cg;rSm csdwf/ wcsKdUu blrdaA'wludkudkif? wcsKdUu ajryHk,l? wcsKdUu
uGefyufpfudkif/
acsmif;½dk;twdkif; wuf&jcif;rSm taMumif;&Sdonf/ ausmufwdkY
rnfonf ajrjyifay:rSmvnf; &SdEdkifonf/ ajrBuD;xJrSmvnf; &SdEdkifonf/

~ 55 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

acsmufurf;yg; odkYr[kwf acsmif;aumrsm;wGifrl a&wdkufpm;aomaMumihf


ajrBuD;xJu ausmufawG ay:xGufEdkifonf/ NyD;awmh acsmif;a&onf
xdka'o&Sd ausmufwHk;rsm;udkpkí wdkufpm;o,faqmifvmcJhaomaMumifh
acsmif;teD;wGif ausmufrsKd;pHkudk awGY&Edkifonf/
blrdaA'orm;wdkY vkyf&aomtvkyfrSm ausmufwdkYudk Munfhí
bmausmuftrsKd;tpm;vJ/ b,fvdktaetxm; &SdovJ/ ausmuf\
aemufaMumif;ordkif;(jzpfay:vmyHk)u b,fvdkvJ/ ta&;tBuD;qHk;rSm
ausmuftrsKd;tpm;ESifh wnf&SdaeyHk taetxm;yif jzpfonf/
ausmufwHk;rsm;onf wpfcgw&H tydkif;tpuav;awG jzpfae
wwfovdk wpfcgw&H awmifukef;BuD;wpfckvHk;onf ausmufwpfrsKd;wnf;
jzpfaewwfonf/
ausmufwHk;wpfwHk;udk cGJMunfhyg/ ausmuf\twGif;om;onf
b,fvdkta&mif jzpfaeygovJ/ ndKrIdif;aeovm;? ajymifvufaeovm;?
twHk;tcJuav;awGeJY zGJYpnf;xm;ovm;? 'gudkMunhfí cGJjcm;&onf/
a&S;vfvm;? *&Edkufvm;? uGufzdkufvm;? pvdwfvm;/
ausmufwdkYonf b,ftaetxm;rsKd;jzifh wnf&SdaeovJ/
jywfa&GU(Fault)vm;?vTmwGefY(Fold)vm;?tufaMumif;(Joint)vm;/
¤if;wdkYonf apmif;aeovm;? b,fESpf'D*&Dapmif;ovJ/ b,f
t&yfudk OD;wnfaeovJ/
aumif;NyD/ 'gawGudk odNyD; xm;ygawmhav/ bmvkyf&rSmvJ/
bmoHk;&rSmvJ/ ausmufwHk;BuD;awGudk qDBudwfMurSmvm;/

~ 56 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

trSeftm;jzifh blrdaA'orm;wdkYonf ajrwGif;rSm ykef;atmif;


aeaom o,HZmwrsm;udk azmfxkwfEkdif&eftwGuf owif;axmufrsm;?
owif;ay;rsm;yif jzpfygonf/
xrif;pm;NyD;pjzpfaomaMumihf ajcvSrf;wdkY odyfroGufMu/
Adkufav;aeonf/ rsKd;jrihfvGifwdkYtkyfpkonf q&mhem;uyfaeaomaMumihf
q&mhajcvSrf;udk rSDatmif vdkufae&onf/ q&muawmh tHhzG,f/
'Dtouft&G,feJYrsm; vli,fawGxufawmif ajcvSrf; oGufaeao;
awmhonf/ ausmif;om;awG a&SUrSmrdkY wynfhawG tm;wufatmif olu
[efaqmifaejcif;vm;awmh rod/
]]pm;xm;wJh xrif;av;awmif ukefawmhr,f}}
udkatmifu rMum;wMum;ajymvdkufonf/
jrihfaomif;u qefeDudk wdk;wdk;uav; uyfajymonf/
]]q&muvJ &ufpufw,fuGm? rMuifembl;? ckyJa&muf?
ckyJxGuf&wm? axmifxJu xGufvmwJhvludk yJ[if;qDauR;vkdufovdkyJ}}
ausmufwHk;awGukd wlESifhxkcGJvkduf? trsKd;tpm;Munhfvdkuf
rSwfvdkuf/ ausmufawmifapmif;awGudk wdkif;vdkuf? rSwfvdkuf? Odyfwdwd
ususawmh r[kwf? tMurf;zsif;oabm e,fajrtajctaeudk usufrd½Hk
avmufom jzpfonf/
*sife&,fx&ufAwfpfonf oHk;av;&ufavmufawmh quf&Sd
aeOD;rnf/ ausmif;om;awG usifhom;&vmatmif q&mudk,fwdkif
vkdufíjy&OD;rnf/ aemufydkif;qdk&ifawmh tif'DAD*sLt,fvfx&Awfpfac:
ukd,fhtkyfpkESifhudk,f oD;jcm;xGufí vkyfMu&rnfjzpfonf/

~ 57 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]uJ...qefeD? a[m'DausmufcJudk cGJMunfhprf;}}


q&monf ndK0ga&mifazsmhazsmh ausmufwHk;wpfwHk;udk aumufay;
vdkufonf/ qefeDu ausmufwHk;udk xkcGJonf/
]]Munhfprf;uGm... bmausmufvJ}}
qefeDonf cGJxm;aom ausmufwHk;udk aocsmpGm Munfhonf/
'DausmufrsKd;udk vmcJhonfh vrf;wpfavQmufvHk; rawGYcJh&/ ckrS
'DwpfwHk;om awGY&ao;onf/ twGif;om;uvnf; ajymifwif;wif;/
]]ajymavuGm}}
]]tJ...[dkOpöm...[dk}}
qefeD rajzwwfacs/
]]udkatmif odvm;}}
]][dk[m xifw,f}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]rodbl;q&m}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf olYudk ar;rnfpdk;í 0dkif;aomf\aemufodkY uG,f&yf
vkdufonf/
]]uJuGm...qvdkif;yJajymygawmh? rif;u ausmif;ouf&Snfw,f...
rif;odrSmyJ}}
qvdkif;onf ausmufwHk;udk ,lMunhfonf/

~ 58 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tJ...'g...[dk'if;...qvdwf tJ...r[kwfygbl;? xHk;ausmuf


xufawmhydkNyD; &ifhaeNyD? rmb,fvfrsm;vm;}}
qvdkif;onf rsufarSmifukyfí aocsmpGm ppfaq;a0zefaeonf/
wcsKdUu ][kwfw,f? [kwfw,f} [k oHa,mifvdkufMuonf/
wcsKdUvnf; r[kwfEdkifbl;? [dk[m xifw,f? 'D[m xifw,f}} [k
wD;wdk;jiif;Muonf/ wcsKdUuvnf; bmrSrodaomaMumifh jyL;aMumif
aMumif MunhfaeMuonf/
q&monf [m;wdkuf&,farmavonf/
]][m; [m; [m;... odyfawmfwJhaumifawGyJuG? 'g bmausmufrS
r[kwfbl;? bdvyfajrcJBuD;uG [m; [m;}}
xdktcgrS q&m olwdkYudk taMumif½dkufaerSef;odí &,farmMu
&onf/ yifyef;rIuav;awG enf;enf;aysmufoGm;oa,mif &dSonf/
]]udkif;...tcsdef&Sdwkef; c&D;qufMuOD;pdkY wynfhwdkYa&}}
oGm;&onfrSm ajyajyacsmacsm r&Sd/ csKdifhawG? ukef;awG? urlawG/
ausmufwHk;awGuvnf; aygrsm;vSonf/ ausmufawmifapmif;awGay:
ukyfuyfwuf&onf/ awmifapmif;ay:rS ajcuefqif;&onf/ trSeftm;jzifh
ausmufwHk;rsm;ESifh ausmufawmifapmif;rsm;&SdrSomvQif olwdkY tvkyf
vkyfvdkY jzpfrnf/ ajrnDaevQif uGif;ajymifacsmaevQif tvkyfrjzpf/
aMomf...blrdaA'? blrdaA'/ cvkwfuefoif; aygwJhae&mrS
aysmfarGYwwfwJh bmom&yfygvm;/

Ä Ä Ä

~ 59 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

oHk;em&Dxdk;NyD/
cktcsdefrSm jyefvSnfhumrS aer0ifcif pcef;udk 0ifEdkifrnf/
'gawmif ajcvSrf;oGufoGuf avQmufygrS/ tjyefvrf;wGif awmifukef;
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;udk ausmfjzwfMu&vdrfhOD;rnf/
]]oGufoGufavQmufMua[h? 'Dawmifxdyfa&muf&if cP em;r,f/
NyD;&if jyefMur,fa[h}}
q&mhtoH/ trav; em;0ifcsKdvdkufvSonfh om,moHuav;/
jyefMu&atmifwJh/ odkY&mwGif 'Dwpfawmifawmh wuf&OD;rnf/ awmif
xdyfudk a&mufzdkY wpfzmvHkeD;eD;awmh vdkvdrfhOD;rnf/ awmifu odyfrrwfí
enf;enf;awmfawmhonf/ rnfodkYyifjzpfygap jyef&awmhrnf qdkaom
pdwfjzifh ajcvSrf;udk ydkíoGufatmif avQmufMuonf/
rsKd;jrifhvGifwdkYtkyfpkuawmh jznf;jznf;rSefrSefyif avQmufvmonf/
a&SUutkyfpkESifh olwdkYtkyfpk enf;enf;uGmvmonf/
]]udkatmif}}
]]Asm}}
atmifbkef;0if;onf avQmuf&if;avQmuf&if; ajcvSrf;awG
rSm;vmonf/ olYudk,frSm ,dkifxdk;íaeonf/ olonf aemufrSm
wjznf;jznf; jywfusefcJhavonf/ udkatmifwdkYonf olYteD;odkY
jyefvSnfhvmcJhonf/
]]b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ udkatmifbkef;0if;}}
]]uRefawmf...uRefawmf odyfarmaeNyD}}
]]'gjzifh 'Dem;rSm cPxdkifaecJhav? tarmajyrS qufwufcJhaygh}}

~ 60 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kwfuJh}}
olwdkYjyefwufvmMuonf/ awmfawmfvSrf;vSrf;a&mufawmh jyef
vSnfhMunfhonf/ atmifbkef;0if;onf xvdkufrvmao;/ opfyif
uav;udk rSDxdkifaewkef;/
]]a[haumifawG rjzpfbl;xifw,f jyefqif;MunfhrSyJ}}
atmifbkef;0if;qDodkY jyefajy;qif;cJhMujyefonf/ tem;a&mufawmh
olwdkYvefYoGm;onf/ atmifbkef;0if;onf opfyifudkrSDí vJaeonf/
rsufpdudk rSdwfxm;onf/ olY&ifonf vsifjrefpGm edrfhcsnfjrifhcsnf
jzpfaeonf/ olYEIwfcrf;awG jymaeonf/ olwdkY pdk;&drfoGm;avonf/
]]udkatmifbkef;0if;...udkatmifbkef;0if;}}
atmifbkef;0if; rsufpdzGifhMunhfonf/
]]armw,f...armw,f}}
jrifhaomif;u atmifbkef;0if;udk ayGYxm;vdkufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu
a&bl;udkzGifhí yg;pyfxJ avmif;xnfhay;onf/ atmifbkef;0if;
rsufpdyGihfvmonf/
]]b,fvdkaeao;vJ}}
]]uRefawmf ravQmufEdkifawmhbl;}}
olYtoHu armoHygaeonf/
]]uJ...jrifhaomif;eJY udkatmifu qufwufoGm;? awmifxdyfudk
a&muf&if q&mhukdajymxm;ESifh? igwdkY olYudkwGJNyD; jznf;jznf;
wufvmcJhr,f}}

~ 61 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsKd;jrifhvGif ESifh qefeDonf atmifbkef;0if;udk wzufqDwGJí


jznf;jznf;csif; wGJac:vmcJhonf/ atmifbkef;0if;onf ajcvSrf;udkyif
rSefatmif rvSrf;Edkifawmh/ rsKd;jrihfvGifESifh qefeDudk rSDcdkí ygvmcJhonf/
awmifxdyf a&mufcgeD;wGif
]]b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ}}
]]tarmqdkYoGm;vdkY q&m}}
atmifbkef;0if;udk opfyifwpfyifrSm rSDívSJaeapvdkufonf/
q&monf a&bl;xJrS a&enf;enf;iSJYí olYudk rsufESmopfay;vkdufonf/
cktcsdefrSm a&onf tvGeftzdk;wef\/ odkY&mwGif rwwfEdkifNyD/ olwdkYonf
atmifbkef;0if;udk wpfa,mufwpfvSnfh ,yfcwfay;Muavonf/
awmifukef;xdyfrS q,frdepfcefYem;NyD; jyefMuzdkYjyifqifonf/
odyfMumMumem;vdkYvJ rjzpf/ aeawmfawmfapmif;aeNyD/ cktcsdef
wufokwfESifvQifawmifrS arSmif&DysKd;rS pcef;jyefa&mufrnf/
odkY&mwGif atmifbkef;0if;onf acgif;raxmifEdkifawmhacs/
vrf;avQmuf&ef rjzpfEkdif/ xyifrxEdkifawmh/
]]b,fvdkvkyfrvJ q&m}}
]]q&mvnf; pOf;pm;aewmyJuG}}
]]'Dtwdkif;aevdkYawmh rjzpfbl;q&m? tcsdefr&Sdawmhbl;? vlrrm
ygaeawmh c&D;vJ wGifrS r[kwfbl;}}
]]rif;wdkY... b,fvdkvkyfcsifvJ}}

~ 62 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]uRefawmf pOf;pm;rdwmu Avaumif;wJhaumifwpfaumifudk


atmifbkef;0if;udk xrf;NyD; qif;ckdif;r,f}}
]]'Dawmifapmif;u wpfa,mufxJawmif qif;&wm rvG,fbl;aemf}}
]]jzpfatmifvkyf&rSmyJq&m}}
0dkif;aomf\tBuHudk q&mu vufcHvkdufonf/ vufrcHvdkvnf;
rjzpf/ tcsdefr&SdawmhnNyD/
Avtaumif;qHk;vludk &Smonf/ qefeDu olxrf;rnf[k qdk\/
rSefonf/ qefeDonf olwdkYtxJwGif t&yft&SnfqHk;? udk,fvHk;udk,fayguf
tawmifhwif;qHk;/
]]awmifajc a&mufwJhtxdawmh xrf;NyD;qif;&rSmyJ? awmifatmuf
a&mufrS qufoGm;zdkY pDpOfMu&r,f}}
qefeDonf atmifbkef;0if;udk xrf;vkdufonf/ awmifapmif;onf
odyftrwfBuD;r[kwf/ odkY&mwGif ajcvSrf;wpfcsufrSm;½Hkjzifh 'vdrfh
aumufauG; usoGm;Edkifonf/ NyD;awmh wpfa,mufwnf;u ESpfa,mufpm
o,fí qif;&rnf/ awmifwufESihf awmifqif;? awmifqif;u
ydkcufonf/ awmiftqif;rSm rdrd cE¨mudk,fBuD; vdrfhusroGm;atmif
ajcuefNyD; qif;ae&onf/
olwdkYonf awmiftqif;vrf;wpfavQmuf tqifhqifh ae&m
,lvkdufMuonf/ ESpfa,mufwpfwGJpD/ olwdkY\ ajcaxmufrsm;udk ajrrSm
zdeif;í cHxm;ay;&onf/ qefeDonf xkdajcaxmufrsm;udk eif;í
ajcukyf,l&if; qif;&onf/ wpfvSrf;csif; wpfvSrf;csif;? jznf;jznf;?
jznf;jznf;/

~ 63 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

BudK;&Snf&Snfwpfacsmif; ygvmjcif;onf olwdkYuHaumif;jcif;


jzpfonf/ BudK;pwpfzufudk qefeDcg;rSm csnfvdkufonf/ useftp
wpfzufudk vlav;ig;a,mufu udkifNyD; tay:rSaeí qefeDudk,fudk
tm;vGefroGm;atmif qGJxdef;ay;xm;&onf/ BudK;udk wjznf;jznf;
avQmhay;&onf/ BudK;qHk;vkeD;aomtcg aemufwpftkyfpku BudK;t&if;rS
0ifqGJNyD; qufxdef;&onf/ BudK;udk avQmhay;? BudK;qHk;cgeD;vQif
aemufwpftkyfpku 0ifxdef;/
qefeDonf oli,fcsif;rsm; cHxm;ay;aom ajcaxmufrsm;udk
eif;&if; wpfvSrf;csif; qif;aeonf/ cHxm;ay;&aom ajcaxmufrsm;
onfvnf; oufomvSonfr[kwf/ awmpD;zdeyfrsm;aMumifhom enf;enf;
awmfawmhonf/ awmifwpf0ufavmufqif;NyD;awmh qefeDarmvmonf/
xrf;xm;&onfh0efuvnf; tav;BuD;/ cg;rSm csnfxm;onfh BudK;u
wif;NyD; emaeonf/ tom;awG yGef;ukefNyD[k olxifonf/ olYrsufESmrSm
acR;ap;awG jyefvmonf/ odkY&mwGif ckcsdefusrSawmh vlpm;vJ&ef
rjzpfEkdifawmhNyD/ ol cP &yfvkdufonf/
]]q&m xrf;OD;r,fuGm}}
q&mu tem;rSm vm&yf&if; ajymonf/
]]rjzpfbl;q&m? ycHk;ajymif;zdkY rvG,fbl;? usoGm;vdrfhr,f}}
jrifhaomif;onf a&Al;udk zGifhí qefeDyg;pyfem;wGif awhay;
vkdufonf/
]]rif;... odyfarmaeNyD}}
jrifhaomif;u *½kPmoufpGm ajymvkdufonf/

~ 64 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]&ygw,fuGm? 'gayr,fh cg;uBudK;u odyfwif;aew,f?


uGif;avQmudk enf;enf;avQmhNyD; jyifay;ygvm;}}
]]at;... vkyfay;r,f}}
qefeDudk vlav;ig;a,mufu 0kdif;xdef;xm;ayonf/
jrihfaomif;onf qefeD cg;u BudK;udk jznfvkdufonf/ olYzD;vfukwfudk
cRwfNyD; qefeDcg;rSm ywfay;onf/ xdktay:urS BudK;udk jyefcsnfonf/
BudK;wif;onfh'Pfudk qefeDcHEdkifatmifvdkY/
]]atmifbkef;0if; b,fvdkaeao;vJ? aeom&JUvm;}}
atmifbkef;0if;onf rsufpdrzGifhbJ acgif;ndwfjyonf/ qefeDonf
qufvuf qif;vmcJhonf/ wpfvSrf;csif; jznf;jznf;/ atmifbkef;0if;onf
taoaumifBuD;vdk NidrfoufpGm ygvmonf/ tm;vHk;onf &ifwrr/
ajcvSrf;wpfcsufrSm;vkdufonfESifh 'vdrfaumufauG; usoGm;vdrfhrnf/
odkY&mwGif awmifajcodkY acsmarmpGm a&mufvmcJhonf/
awmifajca&mufonfESihf qefeDycHk;ay:u atmifbkef;0if;udk ayGYí
csMuonf/ qefeDonf ajray:odkY ajcypfvufypf xdkifcsvdkufavonf/
olawmfawmf armaeNyD/ BudK;yGef;onfh 'PfaMumifh tom;awG vefí
aoG;pdkYaeonf/
]]b,fvdk qufvkyfMurvJ}}
]]tajctae raumif;bl;q&m? vrf;ravQmufEdkifbl;}}
]]wGJoGm;&ifaum}}
]]rjzpfEkdifbl;q&m}}

~ 65 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at;uGm xrf;ac:zdkYuvnf; rvG,fbl;uG? pcef;a&mufzdkY


ta0;BuD;vdkao;w,f}}
]]q&m}}
qvdkif; q&mhem; a&mufvmonf/
]]'Dvdkvkyfr,fq&m? 0g;awGckwfNyD; 0g;uyf vkyf&r,f? xrf;pif
oabmrsKd;aygh}}
]]vG,fyghrvm;}}
]]uRefawmf jzpfatmifvkyfr,fq&m}}
]]'gjzifh jrefjrefvkyfuGm}}
]][kwfuJhq&m? uJ rsKd;jrifhvGif? 0dkif;aomf? jrifhaomif;? udkatmif?
igeJYvkdufcJh? "m;&Snf&Snf ygwJhvlu cPiSm;uGm}}
olwdkY xGufoGm;Muonf/ rMumcif 0g;vHk;awGxrf;í jyefa&muf
vmMuonf/
tawmifhwif;qHk; 0g;ESpfvHk;udk csefí usef0g;rsm;udk cGJonf/
0g;uyfjzpfatmif ,uf&onf/ xdkYaemuf 0g;vHk;ESpfvHk;udk wpfzufpDxm;í
0g;uyfudk wGJcsnfonf/ rMumrDrSmyif xrf;pif tMurf;wpfck jzpfoGm;
avonf/
]]uJ...taygif;toif;wkdY? zD;vfukwfawG cRwfay;Muyg}}
zD;vfukwfrsm;udk 0g;uyfay:rSm wifonf/ vlem oufouf
omom vkdufvdkY&atmif arGY&moabmrsKd; cif;vkdufjcif;jzpfonf/

~ 66 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]awmuf...apmif wpfxnfavmufyg&if aumif;r,fuGm? apmifudk


0g;vHk;rSmcsnfNyD; ykcufvkd vkyfvdkuf&if}}
]]cGD;wJhrSyJ pum;&Snfvdkufwm? apmifrS rygbJ b,fvdk
oGm;vkyfrSmvJ? Mumw,f a[haumif oGm;r,f? [dkbufu 0ifxrf;}}
qvdkif;onf 0dkif;aomfudk a[mufvdkufonf/ ausmif;om;wcsKdUu
atmifbkef;0if;udk ayGYNyD; xrf;pifay:wifay;onf/ qvdkif;? 0dkif;aomfESifh
wjcmwpfa,muf ae&m,lNyD;NyD/ vGwfaeaom xrf;pifvufudkifudk
qefeDu udkifvdkufonf/
]]a[haumif qefeD? NidrfNidrfaeprf;}}
]]&ygw,fuG}}
]]r&bl;? rif;cg;u 'Pf&mawG igjrifNyD;NyD/ pcef;a&mufwJh txd
rif; at;at;aq;aq;vkdufcJh}}
udkatmifu qefeDudk qGJz,fvkdufonf/ qefeDae&mwGif
ol0ifxrf;vdkufonf/
]]cktcsdefrSpNyD; ajcvsifESifh xrf;piftoif;BuD; csDwufvmygNyD
cifAsm;}}
qvdkif;u aemuf&if;ajymif&if; pxGufonf/ 'ku©qif;&JMum;
uawmif [movkyfEdkifwJh qvdkif;/
vli,fqdkwm 'DvdkyJ 'ku©wpfckudk nnf;nLaewwfjcif;xuf
raxrJhjrif jyK&jcif;udk ydkí ESpfoufwwfMuonf r[kwfygvm;/
vlemwif xrf;pifBuD;udk xrf;í oGm;ae&aomaMumifh c&D;rwGif
us,fvSacs/ xrf;wJh vlawGxm;cJhNyD; usefvlawGu pcef;ta&muf

~ 67 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

jyefzdkYvnf; rjzpfEdkif/ wpfa,mufwpfvSnfh 0ifxrf;rS oufomrnf/


c&D;vnf; ydkwGifrnf/ xdkYaMumifh qefeDESifh tjcm;wpfa,mufudk pcef;odkY
t&ifoGm;ESihfNyD; taMumif;Mum;xm; apvkdufonf/
]]a[haumif rif;armNyD? igwpfvSnfh xrf;r,f}}
]]&ygw,fuGm? rarmao;ygbl;}}
]][m...rarmcif vlvJrSuG? armrSqdk&if tm;jywfoGm;Edkifw,f?
z,fyguG}}
]]aemufu aumifqDoGm;uGm? 'Daumif armaeNyD}}
]]ig rarmygbl;uG a&SUuaumif&}}
ausmif;bHkuxdef vSnfhvnfyGJwkef;u ya'omyifudkvkí
xrf;Muovdk xrf;pifudkvnf; vkíxrf;Muonf/ wpfa,mufu
xrf;aevdkYrS ajcvSrf;ESpfq,favmuf rvSrf;rdcif aemufwpfa,mufu
twif;0ifxrf;onf/ yxrvlvnf; z,fray;csif/ olwdkYonf oli,fcsif;
wpfa,muf 'ku©a&mufaeaomaMumifh ulnD&onfudk *kPf,laeMuonf/
ae0ifoGm;avNyD/
c&D;wpf0ufyif rusKd;ao;/
aemufawmufawmuf aumifwpfaumif pum;pavonf/
]]'Dem;rSm qif½dkif;awG&Sdw,fvdkY ajymw,fuG? NyD;awmh
qifawGudkvJ tvkyfr&SdwJh tcsdefrSm awmxJ cPvTwfxm;wwfw,fwJh/
qif½dkif;awGvnf; qif,OfrawGudk &pf&if; vmaewwfw,fwJhuG}}

~ 68 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at;uG[kwfw,f? cktcsdef qifeJYwdk;&if igawmh ajy;rSmyJ


udk,fhvl? qifawG[m awmifwufayr,fh awmifay:uqif;wJhtcgusawmh
ajcaxmufeJY rqif;bl;wJhuG/ zif'&GwfwdkufNyD; avsmcs...[...[}}
olonf awmifapmif;ay:odkY tvefYwMum; armfhMunfhvkdufonf/
awmifukef;xdyfrSm qif/ rm;rm;BuD; &yfaeonf/ qifBuD;\ ab;rSm
qifom;aygufuav; wpfaumif? qifBuD;onf xGufcgp va&mif
atmufwGif rnf;rnf;ajymifajymifBuD; jzpfaeavonf/ olwdkYu
awmifMum;xJrSm? qifBuD;u awmifapmif;xufrSm/ cktcsdefom
qifBuD;zif'&GwfwdkufNyD; avsmqif;vmcJhvQif...
]]trav;...tara&...qifBuD;As}}
owdåtaumif;qHk; 0dkif;aomfupNyD; ajy;avonf/ tm;vHk;
½kwf½kwfoJoJjzpfukefMuonf/
]]ajy;[...ajy;[...[dkbuf awmifapmif;udk wufajy;}}
olwdkYtm;vHk;onf qifBuD;ESifh qefYusifbufjzpfaom
awmifapmif;ay:odkY wufMu\/
]]a[h...aumifawG? a[h...aumifawG}}
q&mu atmfac:aomfvnf; r&awmh/ atmifbkef;0if;udk
xrf;vmMuolrsm;vnf; xrf;pifBuD;udk ypfcsNyD; xGufajy;Muavonf/
atmifbkef;0if;onf xrf;pifay:rS xxdkif&if;...
]]rsufrSef...rsufrSef... uRefawmfhrsufrSef}}

~ 69 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

idkoHygBuD;jzihf atmfavonf/ odkY&mwGif olYrsufrSef


,lxm;olrsm;u awmifapmif;ay: a&mufaeNyD/ aemufqHk;wGif vlrrm
atmifbkef;0if;vnf; xí ajy;avawmhonf/
awmifMum;xJrSm q&mwpfa,mufom usefawmhonf/ q&monf
owådaumif;aom olYwynfhrsm;udk atmfac:&avonf/
]]a[haumifawG qif;cJhMu? 'g qif,OfBuD;yguG? cavmufoH
rMum;bl;vm;? rif;wdkY ½kwf½kwf½kwf½kwfvkyfwmeJY qdk;ukef vdrfhr,f}}
xdktcgusrS ausmif;om;rsm;onf a&muf&mae&mrS jyefqif;zdkY
jyifMu&awmhonf/ twufwkef;u aMumuftm;vefYtm;ESifhrdkY b,fvdk
wufcJhrSef;yif rod/ ckjyefqif;awmhrS ukyfuyfí awmfawmf cJ,Of;pGm
qif;cJhMu&onf/ awmifMum;xJa&mufMurS xrf;pifBuD;om Avm
jzpfaeaMumif; od&avonf/
]][dkuf atmifbkef;0if;uaum...}}
]]uRefawmf 'DrSm q&m}}
toHMum;&modkY armhBunfhonf/ vrf;yifravQmufEkdifcJhaom
vlrrm atmifbkef;0if;onf aMumufvefYwMum; xajy;cJh&m olrsm;awG
xuf ydkjrifhaom awmifapmif;rSm a&muf&Sdaeavonf/ jyefqif;zdkY awmh ol
rwwfEdkifawmh/
atmifbkef;0if;udk oGm;ayGYcsDvmcJh&onf/ atmifbkef;0if;onf
tvGefarm[kdufaeavonf/ ajy;wkef;uawmh toufab;udkaMumufíom
tm;ukefxkwfí ajy;cJh&jcif; jzpfonf/ aoG;at;oGm;aomtcgwGifrl
olYtajctaerSm awmfawmfqdk;aeNyD/ atmifbkef;0if;udk xrf;pifay:odkY
jyefwifvdkufonfESifhwpfNydKifeuf arhajrmoGm;avawmhonf/

~ 70 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]qif,Ofqdkayr,fh ab;rSm om;aygufuav;ygw,faemf?


uav;udk &efrlrSmpdk;vdkY Murf;csifMurf;vmEdkifw,f}}
]]toHrxGufatmif wdwfwdwfuav; avQmufMuuG}}
olwdkYonf ajcoHyif rxGuf0hHatmif wdwfqdwfpGm avQmufMu
avonf/ wpfvSrf;csif; jznf;jznf;uav; avQmufMuonf/ xdktcsdefwGif
olwdkY\pdwfxJü ½kyf&SifZmwfum;xJrS vQKdU0SufoJzdk Zmwfvrf;rsKd;[k
xifaeMurnfvm; rod/
qifBuD;url olwdkY bmjzpfaeonfudkyif *½kpdkufrd[efrwl/
em;pGifh[efjzifhom acgif;tenf;i,f iJhvkdufaomaMumifh cavmufoH
]*avmuf *avmuf} jrnfoGm;avonf/
xdkc&D;onf awmifukef;awGudk wuf&qif;&onf/ tcsKdU awmif
ukef;rsm;rSm awmfawmfrwfapmufaomaMumifh xrf;pifxrf;olrsm;rSm tvGef
owdxm;aeMu&avonf/ vltvGwfcsnf; oGm;vQifyif pcef;odkY awmf
awmfMumMum oGm;&vdrfhOD;rnf/ ckawmh xrf;pifudk xrf;ae &onf/
ajcvSrf;udk jznf;jznf;avQmuf&onf/ va&mif tenf;i,f &SdaomaMumifh
om enf;enf;awmfawmhonf/
xdktcsdefrSmyif a&jywfoGm;avawmhonf/ a&bl;rsm;xJwGif a&
r&Sdawmh/ teD;tem;rSmvnf; prf;acsmif;rsm;udk rawGY&/ vlpkcGJvTwfNyD;
a&&SmzdkYvnf; rjzpfEdkif/ arSmifaeNyD/ vrf;aysmufoGm;rSm pdk;&onf/
trSeftm;jzifhrl vrf;c&D;ywf0ef;usif\ ½Icif;onf om,m
vSonf [kqdk&ayrnf/ vrif;onf obmywdxdkifcHkay:odkY wufxdkif
vkdkufNyD/ Mu,fawG pHknDaomaMumifh tpnf;ta0; xajrmufaBumif;udkyif
aMunmNyD;avNyD/ ESif;rIefwdkYonf owif;ydkY&ef ajrjyifodkY ajy;qif;

~ 71 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

vmMuonf/ opfyifysKdwdkYu vufjyEIwfquf&if; BudKqdkonf/ avajy


uav;url opf&Gufrsm;ay:wGif n\tvSudk a&;om;zGJYoDaeonf/
ausmufwHk;BuD;rsm;um; blrdaA'orm;wdkY wljzifhxkrnfudk pdk;&drfaom
aMumifh tdyfcsifa,mifaqmifaeMuavonf/
ausmif;om;wdkY\ ajcvSrf;onf aES;í vmav\/ yifyef;
&SmMuNyD/ a&iwfonfh'Pfonf tqdk;qHk;jzpfonf/
usKdufxD;½dk;bk&m;zl;oGm;olwdkYonf awmifay:wufpu bmrQ
ryifyef;aomfvnf; tcsdefMumvmonfESihftrQ 0efxkyf0efydk;wdkYudk o,fcsif
pdwfr&Sdawmh/ ukd,frSm0wfxm;onfh t0wftpm;udkyif av;vGef;vSonf
xifí jzpfEdkifvQif cRwfxm;cJhcsifonf[k tqdk&Sdonf/
olwdkYxrf;vmonfrSm vlwpfa,muf/ xrf;zdkYtvSnfhusaeolonf
olYtvSnfhNyD;zdkYudk yifyef;pGm apmifh&if; xrf;ae&onf/ xrf;&aom0efonf
ydkíydkí av;vmavonf/ olYtvSnfhNyD; tjcm;wpfa,mufa,mufu
vlpm;0ifawmhrnfqdkvQif rqdkif;rwGyif vufcHvkdufMuavonf/
pxGufvmcgp xrf;pifudk vkí xrf;vmcJhMuaom tjzpfudk awG;
í vlYobm0udk pOf;pm;rdolwdkYu yifyef;onfhMum;rS jyHK;rdMu ao;onf/
]]a& ta&;BuD;w,fuG}}
]]a& iwfwm qdk;w,f}}
]]cktcsdefom a&enf;enf;avmuf aomuf&&if pcef;a&mufwJhtxd
igwpfa,mufxJ xrf;oGm;Edkifvdrfhr,fvdkYawmif xifrdw,f}}
q&monf xGufcgpu at;aq;pGm vdkufygcJhaomfvnf; wynfh
awG yifyef;rIudk odaomtcg raeEdkifawmhacs/ xrf;pifudk olyg tvSnfh

~ 72 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

us 0ifxrf;onf/ wynhfwdkYonf q&mhudk rxrf;apvdkMuyg/ odkY&mwGif


q&monf ZGwftwif;yif 0ifxrf;avonf/
cktcsdef atmifbkef;0if;om owd&aevQif q&mudk,fwkdif olYudk
0ifxrf;ae&aMumif; odcJhvQif olrsuf&nfvnfvmrnf trSefyg/
a&...a&...a&/ a&ay;yg/
vlrrm a&awmif;onfh toHrsKd;udk olwdkYpdwfxJu ajymaerd
Muonf/ trSeftm;jzifhrl olwdkYonf npmxrif;rpm;Mu&ao;/ odkY&mwGif
xrif;udk b,folrS owdr&Mu/ a&udkom w onf/ a&... a&
ay;MuygcifAsm/
]]a[;...[dkrSm rD;a&mifawGYw,f}}
]]b,frSmvJ...b,frSmvJ}}
]][dk...[dk}}
odkY&mwGif bmrD;a&mifrS rjrifMuacs/
]]acG;aumif...arm&wJhMum;xJ vmaemufaew,f}}
]]ig wu,f awGYwmyguG? ckrS aysmufoGm;wm}}
]]'Daumif armarmeJY *a,mifacsmufcsm; jzpfaeNyDxifw,f}}
]]awmacsmufwmvm; rodbl;}}
odkY&mwGif rD;a&mifudk trSefyif awGYMu&jyefavonf/
]][kwfw,f...[kwfw,f...rD;a&mifrD;a&mif}}

~ 73 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

urÇmOD;olwdkY rD;udkjrifaomtcg tHhMo0rf;omMuonfqdkjcif;onf


rxl;qef;vSacs/
rD;a&mif&SdvQif vl&Sdonf/ vl&SdvQif a&&SdEdkifonf/ olwdkY
ajcvSrf;onf ydkoGufvmonf/ rD;a&mifonf wjznf;jznf; eD;vmonf/
olwdkYajcvSrf;onf rajy;½Hkwr,f/ rD;a&mifonf ydkíeD;vmonf/
wJuav;wpfvHk;qDrS jzpfonf/ wJuav;udkyif jrifae&NyD/ olwdkY
wJqDodkY ajy;Muavonf/ wkdifyifxm;jcif;r&SdygbJvsuf olwdkYEIwfrS
oHNydKifatmfMuonf/
]]a&...a&...a&ay;ygAsKdU}}
]]uRefawmfwdkY ausmif;om;awGyg? 'ku©a&mufvmvdkY a&&Sd&ifay;yg}}
wJtdrfqDrSrD;onf vIyfceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ wJxJrS vlESpfa,muf
xGufvmonf/ olwdkYvufxJrSm yHk;awG/
]]a[;...}}
olwdkYonf vlESpfa,mufqDodkY tm;ukef ajy;Muavonf/
vlESpfa,mufuvnf; olwdkYqD ajy;vmonf/
olwdkYtkyfpkxJu a&SUqHk;rS ajy;oGm;aom ausmif;om;onf
vyfzftif'ufof Zmwfum;xJrS rif;om;u rif;orD;udk ajy;ayGYvkdufovdk
a&yHk;BuD;udk ajy;í ayGYvkdufavonf/
olonf a&yHk;BuD;udk r yif r rEdkifawmhbJ 'l;axmufvsufyif iHkYí
tirf;r& aomufonf/ aemufu tajy;a&mufvmolawGuvnf; vkí
aomufMuonf/ aemufa&wpfyHk;rSm vlawGtHkí vkaomufaeMuonf/

~ 74 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

olwdkYudk Munhf&onfrSm bD,mz&mrS ppfajy;'ku©onfrsm; tpmvkae


MuonfESifh wlavonf/
a&?a&? trav; ...0rf;omvdkufwm ckrSyJ &ifat;oGm;awmhonf/
aus;Zl;wifvkdufwm/
]][if...[dkrSm Munfhprf;}}
ausmif;om;wpfa,mufu vmvrf;udk nTefjyonf/ olwdkY
tm;vHk; vSnfhMunhfvkdufaomtcg...
q&mESifh ausmif;om;oHk;a,mufwdkYonf vlemxrf;pifudk xrf;í
jznf;av;pGm vmaeMuonf/ olwdkYav;a,mufwdkY\ ajcvSrf;onf
csnfheJYaeonf/ olwdkY\udk,frsm;onf ,dkifxdk;aeMuonf/
ausmif;om;wdkYonf rsm;pGm 0rf;enf;oGm;Muonf/ Munhfprf;?
igwdkYonf a&awGYNyD[laom aZmjzifh 0rf;imtm;& ajy;xGufcJhMuonf/
a&udk olYxufig OD;atmif tirf;r& vkaomufcJhMuonf/ vlemESihfwuG
xrf;pifudk xrf;vmMuaom olwdkYudk igwdkY arhxm;cJhNyDaum/
olwdkYonf xrf;vmolwdkYqD ajy;oGm;Muonf/ xrf;pifudk
vTJajymif;xrf;,lcJhMuonf/ ausmif;om;wpfa,mufonf a&wpfyHk;udk
,lí txrf;orm;rsm; em;odkY vmcsonf/
]]a&...q&m...a&}}
]]atmifbkef;0if;udk t&ifwdkufyguGm}}
]][dkaumifawG oGm;wdkufaeNyDq&m? 'gu q&mwdkYtwGuf}}
twlwlxrf;vmcJhMuaom ausmif;om;oHk;a,mufonf a&yHk;udk
q&mha&SU csay;vkdufonf/

~ 75 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rif;wdkY t&ifaomufuGm}}
]][m...q&m t&ifaomufyg}}
]]aomufyguGm}}
]]q&m t&if...}}
]]aomufqdk&if aomufprf;uGm}}
ausmif;om;oHk;a,mufudk t&ifaomufaponf/ NyD;rS q&mu
aomufonf/ b,favmufrsm; a&iwfvmonfrod/ q&mudk,fwdkifyif
[efraqmifEdkifbJ a&udk tirf;r&aomufavonf/
xdktcsdefrSmyif wJ&SifESpfa,mufonf xrif;tkd;wpftdk;udk o,f,l
vmonf/ txJrSm xrif;awG/ av;vHk;csufavmuf &Sdrnf/
]]q&mwdkY pm;MuygcifAs}}
q&m tvGef tm;emoGm;avonf/ a&vnf; wdkuf&onf/
xrif;vnf; auR;aeao;onf/ awmolawmifom;a'ocH wdkif;&if;om;
wdkY\ apwemudk av;pm;rdonf/ ausmif;om;wpfa,mufonf xrif;awG
udk jrifaomtcg [efraqmifEdkifawmhNyD/ EIwfrS vTwfceJ-
]]aus;Zl;...tJ}}
]]aeygapcifAs? rpm;awmhygbl;? a&wdkufwmudkyJ aus;Zl;wifvSNyD}}
q&mu Mum;jzwfí 0ifajymonf/
]][m...r[kwfwmyJ? q&mwdkY bmrS rpm;cJh&ao;bl; r[kwfvm;}}
]]aemifBuD;wdkY pm;zdkY...}}

~ 76 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]uRefawmfwdkYu 'greuftwGuf csufxm;wmyg? jyefcsufvdkYvJ


&ygw,f? pm;ygq&m}}
]]uRefawmfwdkY...}}
]]rpm;&ifawmh uRefawmfwdkY pdwfraumif; jzpfrSmAs? xrif;
enf;aevdkYawmif uRefawmf rauseyfbl;}}
olwdkY\toHonf 0Jaeaomfvnf; apwemudk jywfom;pGm
jrifawGYaponf/
]]uJ...pm;yghr,fAsm}}
[if; raumif;yg/ trSeftm;jzifhrl [if;[líyif r&Sdyg/ yJykyfudk
rD;uifí axmif;xm;aom trIefYawGESihf *sL;jrpftpdrf;rsm;/ odkY&mwGif
tvGef t&om&SdvSonf/ ]Nrdef&m[if;aumif;} [k qdkjcif;xuf apwem
aMumifh ydkí aumif;onf[k qdk&rnf/ xrif;enf;aomaMumifh
wpfa,mufudk wpfvkwf ESpfvkwfom pm;vdkufMu&onf/ odkY&mwGif
xdkxrif;wpfvkwfonf wpfouf arhEkdifzG,f r&Sdaom ewfok'¨gwnf;/
olwdkYxrif;pm;aeMuwkef; q&monf atmifbkef;0if; tajctae
udkMunfhonf/ atmifbkef;0if;onf arhajrmaeaom taetxm;
r[kwfawmh/ ESpfNcdKufpGm tdyfaysmfaeaom taetxm;jzpfonf/ q&m
pdwfat; oGm;&NyD/
xrif;pm;NyD;aomtcg olwdkYonf ajrBuD;ay:odkY ypfvSJvkdufMu
avonf/ ajrBuD;onf py&defarGY&muJhodkY tdceJ jzpfoGm;onf[k
xifrdMuavonf/ Zdrf&SdvdkufvSonf jzpfjcif;/

~ 77 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

olwdkYtm;vHk;em;vnfxm;Muonf/ q&monf 'Dae&mrSm


'Dnawmh em;vdrfhrnf/ 'DrSmyJ jzpfovdk tdyfapayvdrfhrnf/ olwdkYonf
'DajrBuD;ay:rSmyif tdyfvdkufcsifMuonf/ olwdkY\udk,frsm;onf ajrBuD;rSm
tjrpfwG,fovdk uyfíaeMuNyD/ odkY&mwGif...
]]uJ...wynfhwdkYa&? tcsdef&Sdwkef; c&D;qufMuOD;pdkYuGm}}
q&mhtoH/ trav; em;xJudk uefYvefYBuD; 0ifaqmifhonhftoH/
]]q&m&,f? 'Dwpfnawmh 'DrSmyJ em;vdkY rjzpfbl;vm;}}
]]'DrSm tdyfp&m ae&mr&Sdbl;uG}}
]]ajrBuD;ay:rSm 'Dtwdkif; tdyfvdkY&ygw,fq&m}}
]]rjzpfbl;? nOfheufvm&if ESif;awG t&rf;usvmrSm}}
]]&ygw,f}}
]]r&bl;uG? rif;wdkY tck odyfvIyf&Sm;vmMuvdkYom rcsrf;wm?
awmfMum aoG;at;oGm;&if cdkufcdkufwkefvmr,f? ESif;awmxJrSm wpfnvHk;
tdyf&if tukefzsm;ukefvdrfhr,f}}
]]q&m&,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu rsufESmi,fuav;ESifh Munhfaeonf/ q&m oem;
oGm;avonf/ odkY&mwGif rwwfEdkifNyD/ &Srf;jynfe,fpyf\ tat;'Pfudk
q&m aumif;aumif;odonf/
]]vmyguGm? q&mawmif;yefygw,f? cke wJ&Sifudk q&m ar;Bunhf
NyD;NyD? aemufxyf em&D0ufavmuf avQmufvdkuf&if pcef;udk jyefa&muf
EdkifNyDwJh}}

~ 78 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ausmif;om;rsm;onf vSJae&mrS rxMuao;/ q&mu ]]uJuGm


rif;wdkY oabmyJ}} [krsm; ajymrvm;vdkY/ odkY&mwGif pmar;yGJ uszl;
aomaMumifh tawGYtBuHKrsm;aom ESpfBuD;orm;qvdkif;u wyfvSefY
vdkufonf/
]]uJ... taygif;toif;wdkY xMu? q&majymwmrSefw,f? c&D;
qufzdkY toifhjyif}}
ausmif;om;wdkYonf av;uefzifhEGJYpGm xvdkufMuonf/ wcsKdUrSm
awmfawmfESihf rxEdkif/ oli,fcsif;awGu twif;qGJxlrS ,dkifwd,dkifwdkif
xvmMuonf/
atmifbkef;0if;tdyf&mrS Edk;aeNyDjzpfaomaMumihf olYudk a&wdkuf
&onf/ rsufESmopfcdkif;&onf/ tm;ay;pum;ajym&onf/ 'DaeYnawmh
atmifbkef;0if;udk odyfxm;cJhawmhrnf/ ausmif;om; wpfa,mufudk tazmf
tjzpf xm;cJhrnf/ wJ&SifESpfa,mufuvnf; pdwfcsyg? reufjzefusvQif
olwdkYvSnf; vmvdrfhrnf/ xdkvSnf;ESihf pcef;ta&muf vdkufydkYygrnf[k
qdkMuonf/ wJ&SifESpfa,mufonf rD;aoG;zkwfzdkYtwGuf 'DrSm cP
aeMujcif;jzpfonf/
]]aus;Zl;BuD;vSygw,fcifAsm;? uRefawmfwdkYudk oGm;cGifhjyKygOD;}}
olwdkYc&D;qufcJhMuonf/
ajcvSrf;wdkYonf aES;avpG/
awmfawmfav;avQmufvdkufrS usihfom;&vmNyD; ajcvSrf;jyefrSef
vmonf/ q&monf ckewJem;rSm rtdyfapcJhonfrSm rSefuefaMumif; ckrSyif
od&onf/ ESif;rIefwdkYonf xlxyfpGm wzGJzGJusí vmonf/
wpfcsufwpfcsuf pdrfhceJ jzpfjzpfoGm;Muavonf/

~ 79 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tarmajy oDcsif;wpfyk'favmuf qdkprf;uGm? qefeD}}


]]'DwpfnrSm jrif&cJwJh armifhvjynfh0ef;}}
]]a[haumif...'g oD&daqmifa&SU r[kwfbl;uG? odyfzDvifawG
vkyfraeeJY}}
]]ig zDvifyJ &w,f}}
]]jrihfaomif;? [pfprf;yguGm? NrdKifxuav;}}
jrifhaomif;onf acsmif;wpfcsuf[efYvkdufonf/
]][dk...eHYomeDawmrSmv...armNyDvm;...cif&,f}}
]]armwmaygh acG;om;&JU}}
]]cdkifyef;pHkjc,f}]
]][kwfy...[kwfy...aumifav;}}
]]ysKdcifr,f...t,OfBudKufwmjzifh qifvkdufr,fav;}}
]]a[haumif...a[haumif... awmfawmh? rif;oDcsif;u
edrdwfraumif;bl;}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJuG}}
]]Munhfyghvm;? ]qifvkdufr,fav;} wJh? awmfMum awmxJu
qifxGufvmNyD; vkdufaerS tara&qdkNyD; xGufajy;ae&OD;r,f}}
ykef;atmif;aeMuaom tiftm;tenf;i,fwdkYonf b,fub,fvdk
a&muf&SdvmMuonfrod/ ajcvSrf;awG enf;enf; ydkoGufvmMuonf/

~ 80 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

&Gmtjyifu uGif;jyifBuD;udkyif a&muf&SdvmMuNyD/ pcef;jyefa&mufawmhrnf


[laomaZmjzifh tm;wif;um avQmufMujyefavonf/
]]zkwf}}
]]bmjzpfwmvJa[h}}
]]uefoif;½dk;eJYwdkufrdNyD;vJwmuGm}}
]]bkwf}}
]]b,folvJuG}}
]]iguG}}
]]bmjzpfwmvJuG}}
]]ajrBuD;cJudk 0ifwkdufrdvkdYuG}}
tm;wif;íom ajcvSrf;udk oGufae&aomfvnf; olwdkYajcaxmuf
rsm;onf uefoif;½dk;udkyif vGwfatmif renf;<uae&onf/ uefoif;½dk;
awG ajrBuD;cJawGESifhwdkufrdNyD; wzkwfzkwf vJusukefMuonf/ [dku ]zkwf}
'Du ]zkwf} / odkY&mwGif tm;wif;íjyefxavQmufMujyefonf/
rnfodkYyifjzpfap pcef;odkY acsmarmpGm jyefvnfa&mufvmMu
avonf/ pcef;t0if0rS xrif;csufBuD;u 0rf;ajrmufpGm qD;BudKonf/
]][m...q&mwdkY? uRefawmfjzifh pdwfylae&wm}}
]]qefeDwdkYudk vTwfNyD; taMumif;Mum;xm;cdkif;om;yJ}}
]][kwfawmh[kwfwmayghq&m? 'gayr,fh qefeDwdkYa&mufvmawmh
awmif awmfawmfarSmifaeNyD}}

~ 81 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

q&monf vufrSem&Dudk Munhfvkdufonf/ nudk;em&Dyif ausmf


aeNyD/
]]uJ...q&mwdkY xrif;pm;Muygvm;? uRefawmf ukvm;[if;
csOfcsOfpyfpyfuav; csufxm;w,f}}
ckrSyJ xrif;pm;zdkYudk q&mowd&awmhonf/
]]uJ...a[h...tJ}}
q&maemufodkY vSnfhMunhfvkdufaomtcg olYaemufrSm ausmif;
om;wpfa,mufrS r&Sdawmhacs/
q&m em;vnfvkdufygNyD/ olYcspfwynfhausmfrsm;onf xrif;
[if;udk arhNyD; olwdkY\ tdyf&mrsm;qDodkY a&muf&SdoGm;MuNyD jzpfygownf;/
ausmif;om;wdkYonf xrif;pm;zdkYyif owdr&Muawmhacs/ owd
&vQifvnf; pm;csifpdwf r&dSMuawmh/ pcef;odkYa&mufonfqdkvQifyif
tdyf&mrsm;qDodkY ajcvSrf;jyifMuawmhonf/ ausmif;om;trsm;rSm tusÐ
abmif;bDwdkYukdyif rcRwfEdkif/ awmpD;zdeyfrsm;udkvnf; rcRwfawmh/
Murf;jyifay:odkY ]wbkef;bkef;} ypfvSJvkdufMuonf/ tdyf&mvdyfrsm;udk
jzefYrcif;awmhbJ acgif;tkH;tjzpf toHk;jyKvkdufMuonf/ acgif;ESifh
tdyf&mvdyfrsm; rxdcif ausmjyifESihfMurf;cif;wdkY xdvdkufaom tcsdefrSyif
]acgufceJ acgufceJ} tdyfaysmfoGm;Muukefavonf/
uRJwyfqHk{&d,m[kac:aom xdka'oonf yxrOD;qHk;aeYrSmyif
olwdkYudk vIdufvSJpGm BudKqdkvdkufavNyDwum;/

~ 82 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(4)

eHeuf ckESpfem&DcefY &SdNyD/


aea&mifrl aumif;pGm ryGifhao;acs/
aerif;BuD;onf ESif;rIefrsm;udk tumtuG,f,lí tdyfcsifrl;wl;
jzpfaeonf/
nu Murf;jyifESihf ausmjyif xdvkdufonfESifh tdyfaysmfoGm;Mu
olwdkYrSm ckrSyif wa&;Edk;vmMuonf/ raeYnu yifyef;cJhMuaomaMumifh
udk,fawG vufawG udkufcJaeMuonf/ tdyf&mrSyif rxcsifMu/
trSef;tm;jzifhrl reufig;em&DcGJavmuf xoihfMuonf/ odkYrSom
ajcmufem&DcGJavmufwGif uGif;qif;{&d,mqDodkY xGufcGmEdkifMurnf/
odkY&mwGif b,folrS rEdk;cJhMu/ q&myif Edk;rS Edk;yg&JUvm; rod/
xdktcsdefrSmyif 0rf;ajrmufzG,f owif;aumif;wpfckonf olwdkYqD
a&mufvmonf/
q&mu raeYnu yifyef;rIrsm;twGuf oufn§maomtm;jzifh
,aeY aeYwpf0uf tem;ayvkdufaMumif;? aeYv,fcif;usrSyif cPwjzKwf
xGufrnfjzpfaMumif;.../
]]a[;}}
wpfudk,fvHk; udkufcJaeaomaMumifh tdyf&mrSyif rxcsifolrsm;
onf ckefxvmMuavonf/

~ 83 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]aZyJ aZyJ...vmMua[h...acsmif;uav;rSm a&oGm;csKd;Mur,f}}


&Gmtem;u uyfí pD;oGm;aom acsmif;uav;&Sdonf/ tJ'DrSm
a&oGm;csKd;Murnf/ acsmif;qDodkY oGm;&if;u nu taMumif;awG
pjrHKUjyefaeMuavonf/
qefeDonf BudK;yGef;xm;aomaMumif; cg;u tom;awG
vefoGm;onf/ qvdkif;onf 0g;vkH;cGJwkef;u vufudk 0g;&SoGm;onf/
jrifhaomif;onf v,fuefoif;udk cvkwfwdkufNyD; vJaomaMumifh 'l;yGef;
oGm;onf/
ckrSyif 'Pf&mawGudk owdjyKrdMuonf/
]]'geJY...atmifbkef;0if;wpfa,muf a&mufvmNyDvm;}}
]]a&mufNyDuG? reuftapmBuD;wkef;u vSnf;eJYa&mufvmwm}}
]]ck...'Daumif b,frSmvJ}}
]]aq;½HkykdYvkdufNyD}}
]]ompnfvm;? a&Tanmifvm; rodbl;}}
acsmif;uav;rSm olwdkY a&csKd;Muonf/ acsmif;a&onf at;pdrfhí
aeavonf/ aea&mifonf odyftm;raumif;ao;aomaMumifh enf;enf;
csrf;oa,mif &Sdonf/ odkY&mwGif acsmif;a&wGif pdrfvkdufaomtcg olwdkY
udk,fu udkufcJrIrsm; aysmufoGm;avonf/
]]tm;...ckrSyJ vef;vef;qef;qef; &SdoGm;awmhw,f}}
]]at;uG...udkufwm cJwmawGvJ acsmif;a&pdrfvdkufrS aysmufoGm;
w,f}}

~ 84 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'Dacsmif;uav;[m wdkYudk tm;opfawG arG;ay;vdkufwmyJ?


arwåm&Sifacsmif;uav;yJ}}
]]'Dacsmif;uav;udk arwåmacsmif;vdkY emrnfay;&r,f}}
]]arwåmacsmif;uav;}} wJh/ b,favmufvSvdkufonfh emrnfvJ/
odkY&mwGif olwdkY\ txufem;qDrS aygavmaygavm arsmvmonfh
t&m0x¬Kuav;udkrl olwdkY rjrifrdao;acs/ t&m0x¬Kuav;onf
a&,OfaMumwGif udk,fazmhí vdkufygvmonf/ olwdkYem; a&mufaom
tcg...
]][m...csD;wHk;BuD;[}}
udkatmifonf [pfatmf&if; ukef;ay:odkY wufajy;avonf/
olwdkY 0kdif;[m;Muonf/
]]a[haumif vmyg[? wpfwHk;wavawmh ygcsifygvmrSmaygh?
wuúodkvfa&ul;uefrS r[kwfwm}}
]]rif;u ckrS oefYaevdkufwm? blrdaA'ausmif;om;jzpfaerSawmh
csD;aMumufaevdkY tydkyJ}}
udkatmifum; a&xJ jyefrqif;awmhacs/ usefwJh taumifawGurl
bmrSrjzpfovdk tm;&yg;& a&pdrfaeMuavonf/ qefeDqdkvQif a&rsm;udk
iHkvdkufaxG;vdkuf vkyf&if; yg;pyfudk aq;aMumaevdkufao;onf/
]]ckvdk reufcif;tvSudk jrifawmh ausmif;udk owd&vdkufwmuGm}}
qefeDu nnf;nnf;nLnL ajymvkdufonf/

~ 85 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]bmudk owd&wmvJ reuftapmBuD; z,f&Dvmr,fhtcsdefudk


'ku©cHNyD; apmifh&wmudk owd&wmvm;}}
]][kwfygbl;uGm}}
]]'gjzifh reufapmapm vrf;xavQmufwJh aumifrav;awG&JU
aygifjzLjzLuav;awGudk vdkufMunhf&wmudkvm;}}
]]'gvJ r[kwfygbl;? OD;cspfqdkifudk owd&wm}}
]]ckvdk ESif;uav;awG rIefrIef? aea&mif ryGifhwyGifh?
iSufaysmawmuav;xJu OD;cspfqdkif tjyifcHkrSm xdkif&if; aygufpDylylav;
tcsOf&nfeJY wdkYNyD; wpfudkufudkuf... vufzuf&nfususav;udk wpfiHkiHk?
'l;,m;udk wpfzGmzGm}}
]]ratay;... igpm;csifvmNyD}}
xdkaeYu aeYv,fwpfem&DavmufwGif pcef;u xGufcJhMuonf/
q&mu odyfa0;a0;roGm;bl;qdkaomfvnf; em&D0ufavmufawmh
avQmufvkdufMu&ao;onf/ vkyfp&mawmh odyfrsm;rsm;r&Sdyg/ q&m
enf;enf;yg;yg; &Sif;jy½HkyJ/
]]rif;wdkYaemf bGwfuifpmtkyfudk tm;vHk;vdkufa&;&r,f/ raeYu
aum a&;Mu&JUvm;}}
bGwfuifpmtkyf qdkonfrSm uGif;qif;&mwGif olwdkY\ vkyfaqmif
csufrsm;udk rSwfom;&aom pmtkyfjzpfonf/ trSeftm;jzifh tif'DAD
*sLt,fvfx&Awfpf ac: udk,fhtkyfpkESifhudk,f uGif;qif;Muaom tcgwGif
bGwfuifrif;ac: rSwfwrf;orm;rSm wpfa,mufxJ &Sd&onf/ cktcgwGifrl
tavhtusifh&oGm;atmif tm;vkHk;udk q&mu a&;ckdif;aejcif; jzpfonf/

~ 86 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'DajryHkzwfwJhae&mrSmvJ tuif;yg;zdkYvkdw,f? ajryHkxJu twdkif;


twdtusvdkufae&if wvGJjzpfukefwwfw,f? bmvdkYvJqdkawmh q&mwdkY
oHk;aewJh ajryHku 1904 ckESpfavmufu ajryHkawGuG? ckESpf ckepfq,fausmf
vmawmh e,fajrtaetxm;u ajymif;csif ajymif;aeEdkifw,f/ ajryHkxJrSm
acsmif;vdkYjyxm;wJhae&mu ck acsmif;&SdcsifrS &Sdawmhr,f/ ajryHkxJrSm &GmvdkYjy
xm;wJh ae&mu ck zkef;qdk; jzpfcsifjzpfaer,f/ NyD;awmh 'Dt&yf
&Gmi,fawGu oHk;ESpf wpfcgavmuf ae&ma&TUaewmuG/ 'gaMumifh
ajryHkzwfwJhtcg ÚmPfulzdkYvdkw,f}}
trSefyif ÚmPfulMu&onf/ ajryHkxJrSm jyxm;aom xif&Sm;onfh
ra&TUrajymif;Ekdifaom trSwftom;wdkYudk rSwfom;&onf/ rdrd
a&mufonfhae&mudk odcsifonfqdkygpkdY/ ajryHkxJrSm tvG,fwul&Smí
rawGYEkdif/ 'Dawmh b,fvkdvkyfrvJ/
xif&Sm;aom ae&mwpfckudk&Sm? bk&m;ig;qlawmif qdkygpdkY? rdrd
a&muf&mt&yfrS xdkawmifqDodkY 'D*&Dtwdkif; t&yfrsufESmwdkif;? ajryHkay:
rSmvnf; xkdtwdkif; rsOf;qGJ/ aemufwpfae&mrSm aZvHk;awmif qdkygpdkY/
txufygtwdkif; 'D*&Dt&yfrsufESmwdkif;? ajryHkay:rSm rsOf;qGJ/
xkdrsOf;ESpfaMumif;qHkonfhae&monf rdrdwdkYa&mufaeaom ae&myifwnf;/
odyfrcufyg/ BxD*dkarBxDenf;qefqefygyJ/
av;em&DavmufrSm tvkyfodrf;vkdufonf/ vkyfp&m odyfrsm;rsm;
r&Sdaomfvnf; enf;enf;awmh yifyef;Muonf/ raeYuxuf pm&ifawmh
trsm;BuD; oufomonf[k qdk&ygrnf/
olwdkY pcef;odkY jyefcJhMuavonf/ tjyefvrf;rSm vSnf;wpfpD;
jzwfarmif;oGm;onfudk awGY&aomaMumifh pyfpkrdMuavonf/
]]q&mBuD;...b,foGm;rvdkYvJAs}}

~ 87 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]bk&m;ig;qloGm;rvdkY eufjzef aps;aeYav}}


]]bmoGm;a&mif;rSmvJ}}
]]pHkvdkYygyJ}}
]]bmpm;p&mrsm; a&mif;zdkYygovJ q&mBuD;}}
]]acgykwfyJ ygw,f}}
]]b,fvdk pm;&wmvJ}}
]]aMumfpm;pm;... uifpm;pm;}}
vSnf;orm;BuD;rSm jrefrmwpfa,mufyif jzpf[efwlonf/
odkY&mwGif pum;tvGef0Javonf/ ½dk;om;rI[ef tjynfh&Sdonf/ vSnf;
orm;BuD;qDrS acgykwfrsm; 0,fcJhMuao;onf/ 'DaeYawmh acgykwfuav;
udkuif? a&aEG;Murf;uav;ESihf jrnf;? a&a&vnfvnf aZawmhrSmyg
uvm;/
]][l;...armvdkufwm}}
udkatmifonf tusÐcRwf&if;u nnf;vkdufavonf/ abmif;bDtdwfxJu
bGwfuifpmtkyfudkxkwfí tdyf&mvdyfay: ypfwifvdkufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif
onf olYabmif;bDtdwfxJu bGwfuifpmtkyfudk prf;Munfh vdkuf\/
[dkuf...bGwfuifpmtkyf r&Sdawmhygvm;/ ausmydk;tdwfudk zGifhMunhfjyef
onf/ r&Sd/
]]udkatmif...ighbGwfuifpmtkyf ,lvm;}}
]]qvdkif;aum}}
]]igvJ r,lbl;}}

~ 88 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsKd;jrifhvGifonf vlaphwufaph avQmufar;onf/ b,folrS


r,lMu/
]]a[haumifawG? raemufygeJYuGm? ighbGwfuifpmtkyf,lxm;&if
jyefay;Muyg/ awmfMum q&mu bGwfuifpmtkyfawG ppfr,fqdk&if
cufaer,f}}
]]r,lygbl;uGm? rif;pmtkyf bmvkyf&rSmvJ? igwdkYrSm csD;ukef;zdkY
puúL tvHktavmuf&Sdygw,f[}}
rsKd;jrifhvGif\ bGwfuifpmtkyfrSm trSefwu,fyif aysmufaeonf/
xdktcsdefrSmyif ausmif;om;wpfa,mufonf olwdkYxH owif;wpfck
vmay;onf/
]]q&mu ajymw,f? 'DaeYn ajcmufem&DcGJus&if bGwfuif
pmtkyfawG q&mhqDvmydkY&r,fwJh}}
]][kduf...jyóemyJ}}
rsKd;jrifhvGif awmfawmf pdwfnpfoGm;onf/ Munhfav ckyJ
ajcmufem&D/ em&D0uftawmtwGif;rSm 'Dpmtkyf jyef&atmif b,fvkd
vkyf&rSmvJ/ rwwfomawmhNyD/ jyeful;½HkyJ &Sdonf/
]]b,fvkdvkyfrvJ oli,fcsif;}}
]]jyeful;½HkyJ &Sdw,f? pmtkyfaysmufoGm;wm q&mod&if a&a&
vnfvnf aumrSmuG}}
]]'gjzifh&if ighpmtkyfxJu ul;avuGm? uJ...vm xrif;jrefjref
oGm;pm;vkduf&atmif}}
]]rpm;bl;uGm? awmfMum rrSDbJaer,f}}

~ 89 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsKd;jrifhvGifonf udkatmifhpmtkyfudk,lí pmtkyftopfwpfckrSm


jyeful;&avonf/ udkatmifu aphaphpyfpyf rSwfxm;aomaMumifh
ul;p&mawG trsm;BuD; jzpfaeonf/ ul;ae&if;u 0rf;xJrS qmvmonf/
odkY&mwGif xrif;pm;vkdY rjzpf/ udkatmifu rsKd;jrifhvGiftwGuf
[ef;aumjzifh ,lvmrnf[k qdkaomfvnf; olwm;vdkufonf/ wu,fvdkY
olxrif;rpm;bJ udkatmifhudk ,lcdkif;vdkufvdkY q&mu rsKd;jrifhvGif
bmjzpfvdkY vmrpm;wmvJ ar;&if cufrnf/ xdkYaMumifh qmaompdwfudk
usdwfí ajzazsmuf&if; ul;ae&avonf/
ajcmufem&D q,fhig;rdepf/ wpf0ufyif rusKd;ao;/ udkatmifwdkY
jrifhaomif;wkdYum; tjyifbufrSm rD;zdkNyD; acgykwfuifESihf a&aEG;Murf;
aomufaeMuNyD/ aq;vdyfuav;awG udk,fpD? pum;wajymajym
ZdrfusaeMuNyD/ qefeDonf rsKd;jrifhvGiftwGuf acgykwfESihf a&aEG;Murf;
wpfcGuf vmay;onf/ acgykwfpm;vdkufrS Adkufu enf;enf; NidrfoGm;onf/
ajcmufem&DcGJ? ausmif;om;wdkYonf olwdkY\bGwfuifpmtkyfrsm;udk
q&mhqDoGm;xyfvdkufMuNyD/ rsKd;jrifhvGif ul;vdkYrNyD;ao;/
]]a[haumif jrefjreful;uG? ighpmtkyfyg oGm;rxyf&bJ aeOD;r,f}}
udkatmifu ab;rS avmaeonf/ olYrSmvnf; olYpmtkyfudk
rsKd;jrifhvGif ul;zdkYay;xm;&aomaMumifh oGm;rxyf&/ apmifhae&onf/
aqmif;naecif;\ tat;"mwfonf rsKd;jrifhvGif\ ezl;rSm pdkYaeaom
acR;prsm;udk rajcmufaoGYapEdkif/
]]pmtkyf rxyf&ao;wJhvlawG jrefjrefvmxyfygwJh}}
ausmif;om;wpfa,mufu tjyifrS jzwfatmfoGm;onf/
rsKd;jrifhvGif\ acgif;onf ]qwfceJ} axmifoGm;onf/ udkatmif\

~ 90 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

zifonf <uceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif tm;emoGm;avonf/ olYudk


ul;zdkYay;xm;&aomaMumifh udkatmifvnf; pmtkyfrxyf&ao;/
]]uJ...udkatmif rif;pmtkyf oGm;xyfvdkufawmh}}
]]rif; rul;awmhbl;vm;}}
]]awmfNyDuGm}}
udkatmifonf pmtkyf,lNyD; xGufoGm;\/ rsKd;jrifhvGifonf
q&mar;vQif rnfodkY ajz&rnfudk pOf;pm;aeonf/
q&mar;vQif b,fvkdajz&rvJ? aysmufoGm;w,fvdkY ajymvdkYawmh
rjzpfacs? ckul;NyD;oavmufudkyJ jyvdkufawmhrnf/ tJ...'Dvdkvnf;
rjzpfao;? vkdufrrSwf&aumif;vm;qdkNyD; qlvdrfhOD;rnf/ qlawmhrnhf
wlwlawmh rxl;NyD/ rSefwJhtwdkif; tqlcHvkdufwmyJ aumif;onf/ vli,fyJ
udk,fhayghavsmhrItwGuf tqlcH&rSmaygh/
odkYaomf udkatmifjyefa&mufvmNyD; olYudk q&mac:aeaMumif;
ajymaomtcg ol aMumufoGm;jyefavonf/ q&mac:wmudk roGm;vdkYvJ
rjzpf? tav;uefqHk;aom ajcvSrf;rsm;jzifh q&mhqD xGufcJhonf/
q&maeaom wJa&SUa&mufaomtcg ajcvSrf;wHkYceJ &yfoGm;onf/
]]rsKd;jrifhvGifvm;a[h? 0ifcJhavuG,f}}
ola&mufaewm q&modoGm;onf/ xdkYaMumifh udk,fhudk,fudk
tm;wif;í 0ifoGm;onf/
]]vmuGm rsKd;jrifhvGif bGwfuifpmtkyf vmxyfwmvm;/ aemufus
vScsnfvm;uG}}

~ 91 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

q&mu qD;BudKEIwfqufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifonf wGefYceJ jzpf


oGm;\/
]][dk Opöm...q&m... uRefawmf}}
]]bmvJuG? vufa&;rvSvdkYvm;? royf&yfvdkYvm;? &ygw,fuG?
oGm;&if;vm&if;u a&;wmyJ? rif;bmom zwfvdkY&&if NyD;wmyJ}}
]]r[kwfbl;q&m? uRefawmf...uRefawmhfpmtkyf aysmufoGm;vdkY}}
]]bmuG}}
q&mhudk,fBuD;onf aemufudkrSDxm;&mrS a&SUudk ukef;xvmonf/
rsKd;jrifhvGif\ukd,fonf aemufusKHUusKHUuav; qkwfoGm;av\/
]]pmtkyfaysmufoGm;w,f [kwfvm;}}
]][kwf...[kwfuJhq&m}}
q&mhrsufvHk;onf jyL;xGufvm\/ rsKd;jrihfvGif\ rsufESmonf
olYtusÐvufarmif;u blrdaA'wHqdyfuav;avmuf i,foGm;avonf/
]]aumif;uGm? bGwfuifpmtkyfudkrsm; azsmufypfw,fwJh? odyfawmf
wJhaumif}}
rsKd;jrifhvGif bmrS jyefrajymEdkif? acgif;uav;udk iHkYíom
Nidrfae&onf/
]]'DrSm a[haumif}}
]]cifAsm}}
]]bGwfuifpmtkyf[m b,favmuf ta&;BuD;w,fqdkwm rif;
odw,f r[kwfvm;}}

~ 92 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kwf...}}
]]at;? 'gayr,fh xyfajym&OD;r,f? rif;wdkY tif'DAD*sLt,fvf
x&Awfpf qif;wJhtcg? wm0efcGJNyD; vkyf&rSm bGwfuifrSwfwJhvl[m
wpfa,mufyJ&Sdw,f/ rif;wdkY wpfaeYvHk; vkyforQ[m tJ'DpmtkyfxJrSm
rSwf&rSm? tJ'Dpmtkyf aysmufoGm;&if wpfaeYvHk; vkyfxm;orQ
a&jzpfua&m? bGwfuifpmtkyf[m toufyJuG em;vnfvm;}}
]][kwfuJh}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf rsufESmi,fav;jzifh ajymvkdufonf/
]]uRefawmf ayghayghqq vkyfrdygw,fq&m}}
]]at;? rif;tjypfudk 0efcsrSawmh cGifhvTwf&awmhrSmayghuGm?
uJa&mh...}}
q&monf pmtkyfuav;wpftkyfudk xkwfay;onf/ tvdk
xdkpmtkyfonf rsKd;jrifhvGif aysmufoGm;cJhaom pmtkyfyguvm;? b,fvdku
b,fvdk q&mhqD a&mufae&wmvJ/
]]q&mhqD b,fvdka&mufaewmvJ q&m}}
q&mu jyHK;vkdufonf/
]]uJyguGm? ar;raeygeJY? ,loGm;ygawmh}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf Za0Z0gpdwfjzifh xGufvmcJhonf/
q&monf [uf[ufyufyuf &,f&if; usefcJhonf/
q&mhwJtjyifa&mufrS q&mESihf twlwlaeaom ausmif;om;
wpfa,mufu ajymjyavonf/

~ 93 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]wdkYwpfawG acgykwf0,fMuwkef;u acgykwfonf&JU vSnf;ay:rSm


rif;pmtkyfudkwifNyD; 0,fwm? NyD;awmh jyeftxGufrSm vSnf;ay:rSm arhusef
cJhwmuG? tJ'g vSnf;q&mBuD;u igwdkYxGufoGm;NyD; awmfawmfMumrS
odwmeJY pcef;xdatmif wul;wuvmay;oGm;wm? q&mu rif;udk
rSwfavmufatmif qHk;rOD;r,fqdkNyD; bGwfuifpmtkyfawG ppfr,f bmnmeJY
rif;pdwfqif;&Jatmif vkyfvkdufwmuG}}
]]aovdkufygawmhuGm? ukd,fhudk,fudkom wleJYxkNyD; aovdkuf
ygawmh}}
]]xk&ifvJ wpfcsufxJeJY aoEkdifwJh ae&mxkaemf}}
]]b,fae&mvJ}}
]]i,fxdyf...i,fxdyf}}
rnfodkYyifjzpfap rsKd;jrifhvGifonf ol\ ayghavsmhrItwGuf
xdkufxdkufwefwef cHvkduf&avonf/
xrif;wpfeyf iwfoGm;onf/

Ä Ä Ä

nonf wdwfqdwfae\/
ESif;rIefrIef usaeonf/ csrf;pdrfhpdrfh&Sdonf/
tdyf&mxJrSm auG;aezdkYaumif;aom tajctae/

~ 94 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

xdkYaMumifh ausmif;om; trsm;onf apmifuav;awGudk jcHKí


tdyfaeMuonf/ wcsKdUum; tdyfaysmfcsifrS aysmfvdrfhOD;rnf/ tdrftaMumif;?
cspfoltaMumif;wkdYudk pOf;pm;&if; rSdef;aeMuwm jzpfaumif; jzpfrnf/
wcsKdUrSm pma&;aeMuonf/ eufjzefwGif &du©m0,frnfhausmif;om;awG
NrdKUwufMuvdrfhrnf/ rdbqDa&;aompmrsm;? oli,fcsif;qDa&;aompmrsm;?
cspfolqDa&;aompmrsm;udk vlMuHKyg;vdkufMuvdrfhrnf/ pma&;aeolrsm;
xJwGif qefeDygaMumif;udk ajym&efvdkrnf rxifyg/ qefeDonf ttdyf
ruf\/ cgwdkif;qdkvQif ol tapmBuD; tdyfavh&Sdonf/ cktcsdefürl olY
rsufvHk;rsm;onf za,mif;wkdifrD;a&mifwGif awmufajymifaeMuavonf/
azmifwdefuav;onf pm&Gufay:wGif ajy;vTm;aeonf/
armifav nqdk&if tdyfvdkYr&bl; odvm;/
oufudk owd&vdkY
'DrSm odyfyifyef;wmyJ? awmifawGay:wuf&wm? ausmufwHk;awG
xk&wm? aeylBuD;xJrSm ae&wmuvnf; qif;&Jvdkufwm? tpm;taomuf
uvnf; raumif;bl;? armif awmfawmf ydefoGm;NyD/ awmifawGqDudk
oGm;wJhtcg acsmif;uav;awGqD a&mufwkdif; yef;yGihfuav;awGcl;NyD;
a&xJarQmvdkufw,f? oufqDudk a&mufygapvdkY/
armifhrsufpdxJu jrifuGif;xJrSm wpfckckvdkaeovdkyJ/
armifhEIwfcrf;rSm wpfckck vdkaeovdkyJ/
armifh&ifxJrSm wpfckck vdkaeovdkyJ [maew,f/
armifjyefvmwJhtcgusrS...
]]a[haumif pHkaxmufBuD; bma&;aewmvJ}}

~ 95 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmif tem;vm&yfaomaMumifh a&;vufp pm&Gufudk vufjzifh


tjreftkyfxm;vkdufonf/
]]tazhqD pma&;aewmyguG}}
]]t[m...[kwfvm;? tazhukd rif;u oufvdkYac:ovm;?[kwfvm;}}
]]ratay; ighpm ckd;zwfw,f}}
'Dwpfcg armifhpm at;jrihfqHyifvdk enf;enf; wdkoGm;NyDaemf/
aemufwpfcgrS armifhqHyifvdk &Snf&Snfa&;awmhr,f/
qefeDonf pmudk tNyD;owfvdkufonf/ 'Dpmonf cgwdkif;pmrsm;
xuf wdkonf[k cspfrsufrSefu qdkayvdrfhrnf/ taMumif;rSm ckwpfcg
a&;aom pmonf udk;rsufESmcGJom &SdaomaMumifhwnf;/
qvdkif;\ tdyf&monf axmifhqHk;rSm &Sdonf/
za,mif;wdkif oHk;wdkifxGef;xm;onf/ trsm;BuD;vnf rxGef;&J/
q&m awGYoGm;rSm aMumuf&onf/
]]a[haumifawG bmvkyfaewmvJ}}
zJxkyfESihf ydkufqHrsm;udk apmifBuD;jzifh jrefjreftkyfvdkufonf/
q&m0ifvmNyDrSwfvdkY/ odkY&mwGif q&m r[kwfacs/ 0dkif;aomfonf
oGm;udkNzJvsuf 0ifvmonf/
]]...i0dkif;}}
]]...igwdkYu q&mrSwfvdkY zJawG0Sufvkduf&wm}}
0kdif;aomfudk y#doE¨m&pum; 0kdif;qdkMuonf/

~ 96 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]awmuf...emvdkufwmuGm? ig athpfyl;aewmuG}}
]]igvJ tyftifa'gif;uG tqifodyfvSaewm? i0dkif;vm½IyfvdkY}}
0kdif;aomfu olajcmufvdkufwm aMumufoGm;aomaMumifh atmifEdkif
ol wpfa,mufvkd ajymvdkufonf/
]]aMumufoGm;ovm;As? raMumufygeJYAs/ usKyfu trIrvkyfygbl;
[J[J}}
]]a[haumif rif;bmvmvkyfwmvJ}}
]]ig ygcsifvdkY}}
]]ygcsif&ifawmh r&bl; ig;tdrfjynfhaeNyD? ajcmuftdrfupm;vkdY
raumif;bl;}}
]]tJ'gajymwmr[kwfbl;uG? csD;ygcsifwm ajymwm}}
]]tJ'g 'Dudk vm&ovm;[}}
]]r[kwfbl;av igwpfa,mufxJ oGm;ryg&JvdkY? wpfa,muf
a,muf vkdufcJhygvdkY}}
0kdif;aomfu rsufESmcsKdaoG;vdkufonf/
]]atmifrm bmvdkYvkduf&rSmvJ? rif;zmom oGm;ygvm;}}
]]wpfa,mufxJ aMumufvdkYyguGm}}
]]rvdkufbl;uGm}}
]]oli,fcsif;uvJuGm? 'DrSm igajymjyr,f? &Gmem;u acsmif;uav;
rSm wHwm;av; xdk;xm;w,f r[kwfvm;? tJ'D wHwm;av; ay:rSm xdkifNyD;

~ 97 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ygvdkY&Sd&if csD;wHk;uav;awGu a&xJudk yvHk yvHk qdkNyD; usaewm


odyfem;axmifvdkY aumif;wmuG? tavmif;pnfolrif;BuD;
wdkif;cef;vSnfhvnfwkef;u azmifpMuFmeJY vSnfh&if;...}}
]]a[haumif awmfawmhuGm? rif;tajymaumif;wmeJY igawmif
AdkufxJu &pfwpfwpf jzpfvmNyD}}
]]'gjzifhvJ vdkufcJhavuGm}}
]]uJyguGm? tm;vHk; oGm;Mu&atmif}}
acsmif;uav;qDodkY a&mufvmMuonf/ ygrnfhola&m tazmfvkduf
olawGa&m wHwm;uav;ay:odkY wufxdkifvdkufMuonf/ aysmfp&mawmh
taumif;om;yg/
va&mifonf acsmif;a&xJwGif aygavmay:í pD;qif;aeonf/
ywf0ef;usifwpfckvHk; wdwfqdwfaeonf/ 0dkif;aomf\ atmuf
wnfhwnfhrS ]yvHkyvHk} qdkaom toHuav;om avmu"mwfBuD;
wpfckvHk;udk BuD;pdk;aeonf/ 0dkif;aomfajymovdk em;axmifvdkYawmh
aumif;om;/ jrifhaomif;u qefeDudk vufukyfí ar;onf/
]]qefeD...'D ]yvHkyvHk} qdkwJh toHMum;&awmh rif; cspfrsufrSefudk
owdr&bl;vm;uG}}
]][ bmqdkifvdkYwkef;}}
]]qdkifwmaygh? rif;eJY cspfrsufrSef tif;vsm;uefpyfrSm rxdkifzl;
bl;vm;}}
]]xdkifzl;wmaygh[}}

~ 98 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]xdkifzl;&if rif;wdkYESpfa,muf tif;vsm;uefxJudk cJvHk;awG ypfrcs


zl;bl;vm;? thJ'Dtcg a&xJudk cJusawmh yvHkyvHkeJY jrnfw,f r[kwfvm;?
tJ'g owd&p&mayghuG}}
]]EIdif;p&m &Sm;vdkY}}
]][ owd&w,f qdkwmrsKd;u iSufuav;awG atmfrS? vuav;u
omrS? opf&Gufuav;awG a<urS? ½Icif;uav;u vGrf;p&m aumif;rS
owd&wm r[kwfygbl;uGm? owd&csifwJhtcg b,fvkdae&mrSm jzpfjzpf
owd&wmygyJ}}
]][kwfw,fuGm? vGrf;w,fqdkwm b,fvdk[mBuD;rSef;vJ rodbl;?
igav wpfcgwavus&if bmudk vGrf;rSef;rodbJ vGrf;aewwfw,f}}
udkatmifu aqG;aqG;ajrhajrh 0ifajymonf/ [kwfawmh [kwfyg
onf/ udkatmifrSm vGrf;p&m &nf;pm;rS r&SdbJ/ 'Dae&mrSm tuGuf0if
vmNyD/ &nf;pm;rJholwdkYonf &nf;pm;vufudkif&SdolwdkY\ tESdrfudk cH&pNrJ/
]]at;uG? udkatmifajymwm rSefw,f? &nf;pm;r&SdwJh vl[m
pdwf*a,mif acsmufcsm; jzpfwwfw,f}}
]]rSefw,f rSefw,f? yledyfwdkY avSum;pdk;jrifhwdkYudk Munhfygvm;?
oli,fcsif;awGursm; twGJudk,fpDeJY xGufoGm;MuNyDqdk&if olwdkYrSm
a,mifwda,mifteJY? ao;yJoGm;ayguf&rvdkvdk? xdkifyJ idk& rvdkvdk?
aumifrav;awG&JU ajcovHk;udkyJ zufudkuf&awmh rvdkvdk...ckvJMunfh...}}
]]a[haumifawG ighzufvSnfhrvmeJY}}
udkatmifu olYqDvmaom jr§m;OD;udk vTJypf&ef BudK;pm;\/
odkY&mwGif r&Edkifacs/ qvdkif;u 0ifajymjyefonf/

~ 99 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]ckyJ udkatmifhudkMunhf? vGrf;p&mrS 'DaumifhrSm r&SdbJ}}


]]tareJY tazudk vGrf;rSmayghuG}}
udkatmif\ qifajc/
]]rwlbl;uG? tazeJYtarudk vGrf;wmu wpfrsKd;? &nf;pm;udk
vGrf;wmusawmh &ifxJuae vIdufvIdufNyD;...t[ifh}}
]][...[...bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrSjzpfwm r[kwfbl;...rD;avmifwm}}
tvGrf;taMumif;udk pmwef;jyKpk&ef BudK;pm;rdaom rsKd;jrifhvGif
t[m;cHvkduf&onf/
]]a[h...a[h...vrf;aMumif;rajymif;eJY? OD;wnfcsuf aysmufoGm;r,f}}
]]at;at;...'DrSm udkatmif? rif;taeeJY aumifrav; wpfa,muf
awmh &SmzdkY aumif;NyD}}
]][...awmxJ awmifxJrSm b,fvkdvkyf oGm;&Sm&rSmvJu}G }
]]...xlvdkufwJhaumif? rif;udk tck &Smcdkif;wm r[kwfbl;[?
ausmif;jyefzGihfawmh ajymwm}}
]][kwfw,fuGm udkatmif...rif;u &nf;pm;r&Sdawmh arsmufoif;uGJ
vdk jzpfaew,f}}
]]rif; ckyJ wwd,ESpfa&mufaeNyD? ausmif;zGifh&if zdkife,fuG}}
]]at;uG;? zdkife,fa&muf&if aumif;aumif;uef&r,f? [dkbuf
toif;u *dk;orm; awmfawmf aumif;w,fvdkY ajymw,f}}

~ 100 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

0dkif;aomfu yg&if;u 0ifaESmufonf/ rsKd;jrihfvGifu a[muf


vkduf\/
]]i0kdif;...wdwfwdwfaeprf;? pum;aumif;ajymaewm tJ...aemufqHk;
ESpfqdk&if bmrS tcsdefr&Sdawmhbl;}}
]]igu rmpwm qufwufrSmyJ[m? tcsdefawG trsm;BuD;
usefao;w,f}}
}}bm rmZ'g [kwfvm;? iguawmh rmZ'g rvdkcsifbl;? 'wfqef;
0rf;wGrfwD;0kdifyJ vdkcsifw,f}}
]]NidrfNidrfaeprf;yguGm? 0ifraESmufprf;ygeJY? tJ...bmyJjzpfjzpf
ausmif;jyefzGifh&if rif;pvkyfzdkY aumif;NyD? 'gawmif odyfaemufusaeNyD?
olrsm; ajcwpfvSrf; vSrf;&if rif;u av;ig;q,fvSrf; vSrf;EdkifrS awmfum
usr,f}}
]]igu b,folY oGm;zef&rSmvJ}}
]]'gawmh &SmayghuG}}
]]ig b,folYrS rBudKufygbl;uGm? tcspfvJ r&Smcsifao;bl;? rdbudk
vkyfauR;csifao;w,f}}
]][l;...bGJYESif;obifcef;ra&SUu jcaoFh½kyfBuD;udk pdkif;xD;qdkif
oDcsif; qdkjy&ovdkygyJvm;[}}
udkatmifonf tjcm;ae&mawGrSm vnfywfyHk&aomfvnf;
rdef;uav;awGESifh ywfoufvmvQif awmfawmf t ol? e ol jzpfonf/
olonf &nf;pm;wpfcgrS rxm;zl;acs/ 'Dt&G,fa&mufrS tNrD;rayguf&if
bmarsmufvJ[k ar;vQif ]arsmufoif;uGJ} [kyif ajz&ygrnf/ rawmfwq

~ 101 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

pmar;yGJ rusbl;qdkvQifawmif wuúodkvfrSm av;ESpfawmif ae&rnf/


'Dav;ESpf twGif;rSm &nf;pmoemav; wpfaumifwNrD;avmufawmh
&SdzdkYoifonf/
]]'Daumifhudkawmh ajymraeygeJYawmuGm}}
]]rajymawmhygbl;uGm? cspfrsufrSef taMumif;yJ ajymr,f}}
qefeDUacgif;onf qwfceJ axmifvmonf/ olYudk 0dkif;ESdyfawmh
rnfudk odvdkufonf/
]]'DrSm pHkaxmufBuD; OD;qefeD? ckcsdefqdk&if cspfrsufrSef
bmvkyfaervJ rodbl;}}
]]b,fodrvJuG}}
]]tdyfaerSmayghuG}}
]]qefeDYudkawmh owd&aerSm r[kwfygbl;? a,mifvdkYawmif
tdyfruf rufrSm r[kwfbl;}}
]]ighpdwfxifawmh cspfrsufrSefu ckcsdefrSm tdyf&mu wa&;Edk;vdkY
tpm;taomufwpfckckudk tjywfwGwfaevdrfhr,fxifw,f}}
]]jzpfEdkifw,f? cspfrsufrSefu tpm;ykwfw,f}}
]]'gaMumifh 0aewm}}
]]pdkjynfwmyguG}}
]]r[kwfbl;? 0wm 0wm? 'g qefeDrSefw,f? igwdkYaumifawG[m
0wJhaumifrav;awGudk a&G;NyD; BudKufoifhw,f}}
]]bmvkyfzdkYvJ}}

~ 102 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'DvdkuG? igwdkYeJY BudKufwJh aumifrav;awG[m wdkYeJY vufxyf


NyD;&if pdwfqif;&JNyD; ydefoGm;rSm? 0wJhvludk ,lxm;rS ydefoGm;rSmeJY
tawmfyJ}}
]]at;uG? igwdkYaumifawG[m awmfawmfqdk;wmyJaemf}}
aygufwwfu&? r[kwfu[kwfu? aygufayguf&Sm&Sm paom
r[kwfwrf;w&m; pum;awGudk ajym&r,fqdkvQif olwdkYtzGJYudk rSDol r&SdEdkif/
b,folNydKifNydKif rEdkifEdkif/
ypfwdkif;axmif tzGJYwJh r[kwfvm;/
Ä Ä Ä

'DaeY em;&ufjzpfonf/
ypfwdkif;axmiftzGJYonf &GmxJavQmufMunhfzdkY xGufcJhMu\/
pa&mufuwnf;u uGif;qif;jcif;jzifhom tcsdefukefcJh&onf/
eHeufapmapmxGuf? awmifawGwuf? acsmufxJqif;? ausmufwHk;
awGxk? wpfaeYvHk; rem;&/ jyefvmawmhvnf; ajcukefvufyef; usaeNyD/
a&csKd;? xrif;pm;? tdyf&may:vSJcs/ acgif;eJY acgif;tHk;rxdcif ausmeJY
Murf;jyiftxdrSm tdyfaysmfoGm;/ vnfzdkYywfzdkY tcsdefr&cJh/ 'DaeYrSyJ &Gmudk
Munhf&ayawmhrnf/
uRJwyfqHk&Gmonf tdrfajcrrsm;vSacs/ &Gm\ r"meusaom
vkyfief; rSm udkif;vkyfief;ESihf rD;aoG;zkwfjcif;/ aemufwpfck &Sdao;onf/
&GmtrnfESifh rvdkufaomtvkyf/ EGm;arG;jrLjcif;/ 'D&GmrSm EGm;tvGef

~ 103 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

aygonf/ uRJum;wpfaumifwavyif rawGYEdkif/ &Gmtrnfudk uRJwyfqHk


rSnhfzdkY raumif;/ EGm;wyfqHkvdkY rSnfhzdkYyif aumif;onf/
]][m...[dkrSm...[dkrSm}}
qefeDu tvefYwMum; atmfonf/
]]bmvJ...bmvJ}}
]]aumifrav;...aumifrav; tdrfa&SUudk xGufMunhfaewm/ igvJ
jyefMunhfvdkufa&m tdrfxJ 0ifajy;w,f}}
]][if;...aumifrav;wpfa,mufawGYwmrsm; &wemodkufawGYwm
usaewmyJ}}
udkatmifu rJhrJh&GJU&GJUajymvdkufonf/
]][...ckcsdefrSm 'g &wemodkufyJuGm? igwdkY rdef;rudk rjrif&wm
b,favmufMumNyDvJ}}
]]bkef;BuD;ausmif;udk qGrf;vmydkYwJh tbGm;BuD;awG jrif&om;yJ}}
]]oGwf...tJ'g tbGm;BuD;awG[}}
]]'gvJ rdef;ryJ}}
]]a[haumif udkatmif...zDvifr&SdwJhaumif NidrfNidrfae}}
]]&ifacgif;xJrSm ausmufwHk;BuD;xnfhxm;wJhaumif [wfvufpf?
rif;yg;pyfydwfxm;}}
]]&Swfa,mfarmufof}}
]]uduGdKif;,uf}}

~ 104 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kd;vfa,mfwef;*f}}
wpfa,mufwpfayguf 0dkif;a[mufaomaMumihf udkatmifNidrfus
oGm;onf/
acG;wpfaumifp ESpfaumifponf olwdkYudk 0kdif;a[mifMuonf/
uav;awGu olwdkYaemufudk waumufaumuf vdkufaeMuonf/
aysmfawmh aysmfp&m taumif;om;/
olwdkYyHkudk Munhfyg/ tm;vHk;vdkvdkrSm *sif;abmif;bDawGESifh?
abmif;bDajczsm;u ESpfq,hfESpfvufr&Sdonf/ 'gawmif uGif;qif;&rSmrdkYvdkY
enf;enf;usOf;usOf; csKyfxm;wm/ tusÐawGuawmh *sif;&Syfvnf;
ygonf/ ½dk;½dk;&Syfvnf; ygonf/ zD;vfukwfvnf;ygonf/ olwdkY yHkpHawGrSm
&GmwGif txl;tqef;vdk jzpfaeonf/ jrifvdkufuwnf;u ]&efukefu
ausmif;om;...&efukefuausmif;om;} [k atmfaeovdk xif&onf/
naepmxrif;onf pm;vdkYaumif;onf/ 'DaeY[if;onf aumif;
onf[k ajymí &Edkifonf/ csufaeus ig;ajcmuf[if; r[kwf/ &GmrS 0uf
ay:aomaMumifh 0,fxm;aom 0ufom;[if;? c&rf;csOfoD; ig;ydcsufav;yg
ygaomaMumifh pm;cJhorQ taumif;qHk;[if;[k qdk&rnf/ pm;NyD;awmh
Adkufav;av;rdkY tdyf&may: ypfvSJaeMuolawG rsm;onf/ rtdyfEdkifolawGrSm
tMuHorm;tkyfpk ESpfck/
xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYtkyfpkonf tjyifxGufzdkY jyifqifaeMuNyD/ odkY&m
wGif tjcm;vlawG rodatmif usdwfí jyifqifaeMujcif; jzpfonf/
jrihfaomif;wdkYonf xrif;vHk;pDzdkY pdwfrul;Edkif/ xGef;rif;ausmfwdkY
udk *½kpdkufMunfhae&onf/ xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYudk Munhf&onfrSm *PmrNidrf
EdkifvGef;onf/ trSefawmh olwdkY *½kpdkufMunhfaeaomaMumifhom odom

~ 105 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

jcif;jzpfonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYum; usefaom ausmif;om;rsm; tvpfwGif


rsufjcnfjzwfxGuf&ef BudK;pm;aeMuavonf/
arSmifvmaomtcg xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYonf wpfa,mufNyD; wpf
a,muf ]vSpfceJ} ]vSpfceJ} xGufukefMuonf/ jrifhaomif;wdkYonfvnf;
wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf vufukyfí rodrom xGufcJhMuonf/
xifonfhtwdkif;yif jzpfygonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYtkyfpkonf
bkef;BuD;ausmif;0if;tjyif&Sd anmifyifBuD;atmufrSm vlpkrdaeMuNyD/
]]b,fvdkvkyfrvJ}}
qefeDu wdk;wdk;ar;onf/
]]ZGwfwm;&rSmyJ}}
qvdkif;u ajzonf/
]]rvG,fbl;xifw,f}}
]]jzpfatmif vkyf&rSmyJ? vm oGm;r,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu OD;aqmifí xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYqD xGufoGm;Muonf/
]]b,fvJuG...xGef;rif;ausmf}}
]][m...rsKd;jrifhvGifwdkY}}
xGef;rif;ausmf\ rsufESmonf olwdkYudk rESpfNrdKU[ef jyaeonf/
okdY&mwGif [efvkyfí jyHK;onf/ qvdkif;u ar;vdkuf\/
]]b,fvJuG &GmxJvm;}}
]]at;...}}

~ 106 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rajzcsifovdk ajzonf/
]]'DtcsdefBuD;usrSuGm}}
xGef;rif;ausmfonf wpfckckudk qHk;jzwfcsuf csvdkuf[efwlonf/
]]rif;wdkYvJ vkdufcJhygvm;uG? tBuHtzef&Sdw,f}}
xGef;rif;ausmfu vufn§dK;ESifhvufrxdyfudk pkí jyonf/
]]roGm;oifhbl; xifw,f}}
0kdif;aomfu ajymvkdufonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfonf 0dkif;aomfudk
zswfceJ Munhfonf/
]]aumifrBuD;u tjzpfBuD;yguGm? awmifBuD;uwnf;u [kdrSm
ausmfapmrIeJY qGJr,fvkyfvdkY 'DrSm cPvmykef;aewm/ aeYv,fu igwdkY
0ifa&mvdkufwm ajyvnfoGm;w,fuG/ ck &GmxdyfrSm csdef;xm;w,f/
ig;q,favmufay;&if &rSmyg/ rif;wdkYvJ &S,f,m ygyghvm;/ twlwl
oGm;wmaygh}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu rsufESm½IHUrJhvkdufonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfu t"dyÜg,f
wpfrsKd;aumufvdkufrdNyD; qufajymjyefonf/
]]vlrsm;aevdkYvm;uG? 'Dvlavmufrsm; NzHKrSmawmif r[kwfbl;}}
]]awmfygawmhuGm}}
rsKd;jrihfvGif\toHonf tenf;i,f rmoGm;onf/ xGef;rif;ausmf
tHMooGm;avonf/
]]'DrSm xGef;rif;ausmf? igwdkYvkdufvmwmu rif;wdkYudk tJ'Dukd
roGm;zdkY ajymrvdkY}}

~ 107 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][muGm...bmjzpfvJ oGm;wm}}
]]roGm;&bl;uGm}}
udkatmif 0ifatmfvdkufonf/ qvdkif;u udkatmifudk vufumí
wm;vdkufonf/
]]r[kwfygbl;uGm? 'Dae&mBuD;rSm odyfodomvGef;aew,f}}
]]rif;wdkY tylrygygbl;uGm}}
xGef;rif;ausmf\toHonfvnf; cwfqwfqwf xGufvmonf/
]]'gayr,fh...}}
]]rif;wdkYeJY bmqdkifvJ}}
]]qdkifw,fuGm? ausmif;om;awGtm;vHk; xdcdkufr,fhudpö}}
]]vlyg;0vScsnfvm;}}
xGef;rif;ausmfwdkY tkyfpkxJrS wpfa,muf\ toHxGufvmonf/
udkatmifonf xdkausmif;om;udk pdkufMunhfvdkuf\/ qvdkif;u at;aq;
pGm quf&Sif;onf/
]]'Dvdk&Sdw,fuGm? &efukefvdk ae&mrsKd;? awmifBuD;vdkae&mrsKd;rSm
awmh udpör&Sdbl;? tm;vHk; olvkdudk,fvdk vlawGcsnf;yJ? 'DrSmawmh raumif;
bl;uGm? &Gmuav;u ao;ao;av;? b,fae&m bmjzpfw,fqdkwm
odEdkifw,f? NyD;awmh igwdkYausmif;om;awGyHkpHu 'Du vlawGeJY odyfjcm;em;
aew,f? 'Dudpöudk vlawG odukefrSm aocsmw,f}}
]]odyapayghuG}}

~ 108 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]odukefawmh b,faumif;rvJuG? &efukefu vmwJh wuúodkvf


ausmif;om;awG 'D&GmrSm 'grsKd;jzpfoGm;w,fqdkwm raumif;bl;? igwdkY
ausmif;om;tm;vHk;udk xdcdkufEdkifw,f}}
]]&ihfvScsnfvm;}}
xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYtkyfpku toHxGufvmjyefonf/
]]ig awmif;yefygw,fuGm? roGm;ygeJYawmh}}
]]rqdkifbJ 0ifr½Iyfprf;ygeJYuGm}}
xGef;rif;ausmfu rJhjyHK;jyHK;&if; ajymonf/ udkatmif vufoD;udk
qkyfvdkuf\/
]]ausmif;om;tm;vHk; odu©musrSmpdk;vdkY ajymwmuG}}
qvdkif;toHonf a'gooH ygvmonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfu
][ufceJ} wpfcsuf&,fonf/
]]rif;wdkYzavmfaqmfzDu atmufygw,fuGm? ausmif;om;odu©mwJh?
rif;wdkYrSm b,favmuf odu©m&SdvdkYvJ}}
]]a[haumif...rif;pum; 'DrSm &yfvdkufprf;}}
udkatmifhtoH xGufvmonf/
]]bmvdkY&yf&rSmvJ? jrefrmjynfu wuúodkvfawGtm;vHk;&JU *kPf
odu©mukdq,fzdkY rif;wdkYrSm wm0ef&Sdw,fvdkY xifaeovm; [m;...[m;}}
]]rif;pum; vGefvmNyD}}

~ 109 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]raMumifprf;ygeJY qvdkif;&m? wuúodkvfausmif;om;awG


'Dxufru ysufpD;aewm wpfyHkBuD;yguG? rif;wdkYu ckrS olawmfpifawG
vkyfNyD; t[J}}
]]a[haumif awmfawmh}}
]]awmfygNyD awmfygNyD? rif;wdkYeJYvnf; qufrajymcsifawmhygbl;?
awmfMum rif;wdkYw&m;emvdkY igwdkY &[EÅmawG jzpfukefygOD;r,f?
uJ...oGm;r,fuGm}}
]]roGm;&bl;}}
qvdkif;u vSrf;atmfonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfonf aemufjyefvSnfh
Munfhvkdufonf/
]]&ifhvScsnfvm; taygif;toif;&JU? 'gayr,fh udk,fwdkYudk armif&if
wdkY wm;vdkY r&bl;uGm}}
xGef;rif;ausmfonf cg;rSm csdwfxm;aom awmckwf"m;udk qkyfudkif
í jyonf/
]]a[haumif...}}
udkatmifonf toHeufBuD;jzifh atmfí xGef;rif;ausmfqD
ajy;0ifoGm;onf/ jrifhaomif;u vSrf;qGJaomfvnf; rrSDawmhNyD/ udkatmifh
vufoD;onf xGef;rif;ausmf\ ar;½dk;qDodkY wpfcsuf0ifoGm;onf/
]]cGyf}}
xGef;rif;ausmf vJusoGm;onf/ xdktcsdefrSmyif qefeDESifh
jrifhaomif;onf udkatmifhudk csKyfxm;vdkufMuonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfonf
"m;udk qGJxkwf\/

~ 110 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rif; "m;udk jyefxnfhxm;vdkufprf; xGef;rif;ausmf}}


q&mhtoHudk Mum;&onf/ q&monf ausmif;om;oHk;a,muf
ESifhtwl a&muf&Sdvmonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfonf "m;udk tdwfxJjyef
xnhfvdkufonf/ jrifhaomif;ESifh qefeDu udkatmifhudk csKyfxm;&mrS
vTwfay;vdkufonf/
]]b,fvdkjzpfMuwmvJ}}
q&mhtar;/
]]'DaumifawG...}}
]]r[kwfygbl;q&m? aemuf&if;ajymif&if;eJY taemufvGefNyD;
pdwfqdk;oGm;Muwmyg}}
udkatmifu trSefudk ajymrnfjyifojzifh rsKd;jrihfvGifu 0ifajym
vkdufjcif;jzpfonf/ bmyJjzpfjzpf 'Dudpöudk q&m rodoifhbl;[k ol
xifonf/ q&modoGm;vQif rdk;rD;avmifvdrfhrnf/ ydkí wif;usyfpGm
tkyfcsKyfvmvdrfhrnf/ wjcm;tcGifhta&;av;awGyif ydwfoGm;vdrfhrnf/
q&monf wjcm;udpörsm;wGif tvGefoabmaumif;aomfvnf; 'DvdkudpörsKd;
udk vHk;0cGifhvTwfvdrfhrnf r[kwfaMumif; rsKd;jrifhvGif odonf/ ckvdk
umuG,fajymvdkufjcif;aMumifh xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYu olYudk aus;Zl;wifcsifrS
wifrnf/ udpör&Sd/ 'DaeYntzdkY xGef;rif;ausmfwdkY roGm;jzpfawmhonfudkyif
ol auseyfrdonf/
]]uJ vmMu...vmMu 'Dae&mrSm raumif;bl;? pcef;usrS qufajym
Muwmaygh}}

~ 111 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

q&mu ajymajymqdkqdk OD;aqmifí xGufoGm;onf/ xGef;rif;


ausmfonf yg;udk yGwf&if; udkatmifudk tcJrauspGm Munhfonf/
tu,fíom xdknu csdef;qdkxm;aomae&modkY trsKd;orD; xGuf
tvmwGif xdktrsKd;orD;udk ouFmruif;jzpfaeaom aus;&GmaumifpD0if
wdkYonf aemufa,mifcHí vdkufvmMuaMumif;udk xGef;rif;ausmfodvQif
aus;Zl;wifvdrfhrnfvm; rod/

~ 112 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(5)

uGif;qif;&ufrsm; wpf0ufusKd;cJhNyD/
'DaeYonf uRJwyfqHkpcef;ESihf ysOfanmifpcef;wdkY pcef;csif;vJMu
rnfhaeYjzpfonf/ ysOfanmifu ausmif;om;awGu t&ifvmMurnf/
olwdkYa&mufrS olwdkYpD;vmonfhum;jzifh uRJwyfqHku ausmif;om;awG
ysOfanmifudk vkdufoGm;Murnf/
]]ysOfanmifu um;u q,fhESpfem&DavmufrS a&mufr,f}}
owif;aumif;wpfck a&mufvmonf/
]]a[;...}}
olwdkYOD;xkyfrsm;udk ypfajr§mufvdkufMu\/ olwdkYaysmfoGm;Mujcif;rSm
taMumif;&Sdygonf/ ysOfanmifu um;onf q,fhESpfem&DavmufrS
a&mufvQif wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf EIwfqufMu? ypönf;awG um;ay:
wifMu? xGufzdkYjyifqifMu? bmyJjzpfjzpf wpfem&DeD;yg;awmh tcsdef
ukefrnf/ ysOfanmifodkY toGm;wGif vrf;rSmem;wmESihf qdkvQif tcsdef
xyfukefOD;rnf/ ysOfanmifa&mufawmh ypönf;awG ae&mcs pcef;udk
jyifqifwmESihfqdkvQif naeapmif;oGm;rnf/ q&moif;onf pdwfcs&ol
r[kwf/ wu,fvdkYrsm; ysOfanmifudk apmapma&mufcJhvQif
]tcsdef&Sdao;w,fa[h? *sife&,fx&AwfpfxGufMu&atmif} qdkvQif 'ku©/
ckawmh 'Dudpöat;NyD? 0rf;omvkdufwmAsm/

~ 113 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

oDcsif;qdkoluqdk? wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf atmf[pf


aemufajymifoluajymif? abmvHk;uefwJholu uef? wa&;warmtdyfolu
tdyf? udkatmifum; bmudkaqG;aeonfrod/ tdyf&mvdyfudk ausmrSDNyD;
ai;idkifaeonf/ 'Daumifu ‘'DvdkyJ/ pdwfaysmhonf/ a'gojzpfp&m &SdvQif
olyJ? vGrf;p&m&SdvQifvnf; olyJ? 'gawmif &nf;pm;r&SdvdkY?
&nf;pm;rsm;&SdvQif ckae ol xdkifidkaervm;rod/
q,fhESpfem&DausmfrSyif ysOfanmifrS um;a&muf&Sdvmonf/ ppfum;
ESpfpD;ESifh tjynfh/
]]a[;...arsmufawG...arsmufawG...? iaygawG}}
uRJwyfqHku aumifawGu vSrf;EIwfqufonf/
]][m;...iaMumifawG? csifyefZD csifyefZD}}
ysOfanmifu aumifawGu jyefEIwfqufonf/
]]a[h a,mufz rif;ESrqDuawmif ighqD pmvmao;w,f}}
]][kwfvm; bmwJhvJ rif;ESr ighudk vGrf;vdkYidkaewJh taMumif;aum
rygbl;vm;}}
wpfa,mufESihfwpfa,muf ,Ofaus;odrfarGYpGm y#doE¨m&pum;
qdkMuonf/ wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf rcspfcif rESpfoufbJ 'Dvdk
pum;awG ajymvdkYr&yg/ ]qJrem qkdrem} qdkaom pum;vnf; t&Sdom;yg/
wpfzGJYESifhwpfzGJY tawGYtBuHK zvS,fMuonf/ udk,faecJhaom ajr\ ]txm}
rsm;udk tjyeftvSef ajymjyMuonf/ aeYv,fwpfem&Dxdk;rSyif uRJwyfqHkrS
xGufvmcJhMuonf/
ysOfanmifodkY/

~ 114 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

um;vrf;onf wjznf;jznf; awmifay:odkY wufvmonf/


uRJwyfqHkonf &Srf;jynfe,ftpyfrdkY enf;enf; awmfao;onf/ ysOfanmif
twufvrf;rSm &Srf;jynfe,fodkY 0ifNyDjzpfí awmifwdkYonf wjznf;jznf;
jrifhívmonf/ um;vrf;onf awmifapmif;eH&Hrsm;udk NzdKcsí azmufxm;
jcif;jzpfonf/ awmifwdkYudk auGYywfwuf&onf/ wpfbufrSm awmifeH&H?
wpfzufrSm acsmufBuD;/ vrf;u um;wpfpif; acsmifacsmifoGm;Edkif½Hkuav;/
um;csif;a&SmifNyDqdkvQif tqif;um;u vrf;ab;rSm &yfay;&onf/
&Srf;jynfe,f ra&mufzl;aom ajrjyefYom;wdkYrSm awmifwufvrf;udk
aMumufaeonf/ um;csif;a&Smif&if;eJYrsm; acsmufxJudk ]0kef;} qdk xdk;us
oGm;vQif/ 'DMum;xJ um;BuD;u armif;vdkufwm awmfawmfjrefonf/
vrf;auGYrSmrsm;uyfí auGYvkdufvQif bD;ESifh uwå&mvrf;yGwfoH wuRDuRD
jrnfoGm;ao;onf/ tonf;at;p&m? wpfcgwpf&H vrf;a&SU wnfhwnfhrSm
awmifjrihfBuD;u umqD;aewwfonf/ awmifjrihfBuD;qDodkY um;u
OD;wnfí 0ifoGm;NyD; awmiftem;a&mufrS awmifab;rS auGYywfí
xGufoGm;avonf/ um;vrf;ab;awmifeH&HrS ausmufpGefBuD;rsm;onf
um;vrf;ay:odkY rdk;aeoa,mif? xdkausmufwHk;BuD;awGrsm; NydKuscJhvQif/
um;armif;&Jabmfum; avuav;w&TD&TDcRef&if; at;aq;pGm armif;
aeavonf/ oGm;aeusvltzdkYawmh 'Dvdkaygh/
]]cktcsdefom 'Dum;ay:rSm at; ygvmvdkY&Sd&if at;u aMumufNyD;
igh&ifcGifxJ 0ifaerSmyJ}}
]][...[...bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrSjzpfwmr[kwfbl;? rDavmifwm}}
,if;rmyifa&mufawmh cPem;Muonf/ ,if;rmyifrSm uGif;qif;
aeaom pcef;wpfck&Sdao;onf/ xdkpcef;u ausmif;om;rsm;ESifh vufzuf

~ 115 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

&nfqdkifrSm qHkrdMuonf/ xHk;pHtwdkif; ,Ofaus;odrfarGYpGm EIwfqufcJh


ygonf/
]]a,mufzawG oGm;r,fa[h}}
]]oGm;awmha[h? iaygawG? vrf;rSm um;acsmufxJusNyD; aor,hf
aumifawG}}
&ifzdk&if; tonf;at;&if aMumufvefY&if;? bk&m;w &if;
ysOfanmifpcef;odkY a&mufcJhMuonf/ ysOfanmifa&mufawmh oHk;em&D xdk;NyD/
t&ifqHk; aezdkY jyóemudk &Sif;&onf/ ysOfanmifrSm uRJwyfqHk
rSmvdk blrdaA'ydkif taqmufttHkr&Sd? ypönf;awG wpfae&myHkNyD; ae&m&SmzdkY
xGufcJhMuonf/ vlraeaom tdrfuav;wpfvHk;(wJudk qdkvdkonf)/
tdrfwpftdrf\ vGwfaeaom ae&mwpfjcrf;udk &onf/ usefvlawGeJY q&m
wdkYuawmh bkef;BuD;ausmif;0if; twGif;&Sd v[mjyifZmwfcHkuav;rSm/
ZmwfcHkqdkonfrSmvnf; om;om;em;em;r[kwf? trdk;u r&Sdoavmuf?
tcif;u 0g;Burf;cif;tayguftNyJ/ tumum; r&Sd/
jrifhaomif;wdkYtzGJYu tdrfwpfvHk;\ rD;zdkacsmifae&mudk &oGm;av
onf/ rD;zdkacsmifxJrSm opfom;abmifcwfxm;aom rD;zdkjymyHkBuD;u
awmifvdk yHkaeonf/ jymyHkBuD;udk t&if &Sif;&onf/ wHjrufpnf;eJY
vSnf;xkwf/ Murf;jyifu aqG;aeNyD; wcsKdUae&mu aygufaeonf/ 0g;uyf
awGiSm;NyD; cif;&onf/ ,if;x&HrSm taygufBuD;wpfayguf?
ESpfayywfvnfavmuf us,fonf/ nqdkvQif avawG 'va[m0if
awmhrnf/ zm&jyef\/ olwdkYpdwfxJrSm oMuFefa&upm;zdkY r@yfaqmufMu
onfudk owd&aerdMuavonf/ tm;vHk;NyD;aomtcg tdyf&mvdyfrsm;udk
pDícif;vkdufMuonf/

~ 116 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][l;...&efuif;wkdufcef;eJYrsm; uGmyuGm}}
]]a[haumif...blrdaA'ausmif;om; jzpfaerSawmh csD;aMumufaevdkY
tydkyJ? jzpfovdkyJ ukd,fhvl? igwdkYurS tumav;&SdaevdkY enf;enf;
awmfao;w,f? q&mwdkYae&mqdk&if tumawmifr&Sdbl;}}
]]uJuGm...ajymraeeJY vm? abmvHk;oGm;uefMur,f}}
olwdkYwJa&SU ajruGufvyfudk abmfvHk;uGif; tjzpf owfrSwfvdkuf
onf/
]]&nf;pm;&SdwJh toif;eJY &nf;pm;r&SdwJhtoif; uefr,f}}
]]tdkau}}
]][...'Dvdkqkd igu b,fbufu uef&rSmvJ? ighrSm &nf;pm;&Sdw,f
vJr[kwfbl;? r&Sdbl;vJ r[kwfbl;? ausmif;jyefzGifhrS tajzay;r,fvdkY
ajymxm;wm}}
odef;0if;u ysmysmovJ 0ifajymonf/
]]'gjzifh rif; 'dkifvlBuD;vkyf}}
yGJponf? &nf;pm;&SdwJhbufu wpf*dk;oGif;NyD;aemuf yGJu
enf;enf; jrefvmonf/ *dk;a&SUrSm udkatmif abmvHk;udk qGJajy;onf/
*dk;orm;ESifh ESpfa,mufcsif;/ qefeDonf udkatmifhudk aemufuae
odrf;ypfvdkufonf/ udkatmif ,dkifoGm;onf/
]]&TD}}
odef;0if;u vufacgufrIwfí yGJ&yfvdkufonf/ qefeDYqDodkY
ajy;oGm;onf/

~ 117 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rif;...odyfMurf;w,f}}
odef;0if;u ajymajymqdkqdk tdwfxJu zJwpfcsyfudk,lí qefeDY
rsufESmem;rS axmifjyonf/ uGif;zJ/
]]'gu bmvJuG...zJcsyfBuD;u}}
]]t0guwfuG...rif;udk owday;xm}}
yGJudk qufupm;onf/ rsKd;jrihfvGifonf abmvHk;udk qGJajy;onf/
jrifhaomif;odkY uefay;vdkufonf/ &nf;pm;r&Sd toif;bufrS
aemufwef;vl aZmfrif;oef;u abmvHk;udk vufjzifh ykwfvdkufonf/
'dkifvlBuD; odef;0if; rjrifvdkufacs/
]][if;abm...[if;abm}}
]]yife,fvfwD ay;&r,f}}
]]ydEéJoD;awG 'l;&if;oD;awG vkyfraeeJY? 'dkifvlBuD; rjrifbl;}}
]]at;...igrjrifbl;}}
odef;0if;u 0ifajymvdkufonf/
]]'dkifvlBuD; vmbfpm;w,f}}
]]'dkifvlBuD; iayg}}
]]yife,fvfwD ay;&r,f}}
]]ray;bl;uG? igrjrifbl;}}
qefeDonf opf&Gufwpf&Gufudk aumufí 'dkifvlBuD;odef;0if;\
rsufESma&SUrSm vmaxmifjyonf/

~ 118 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'gu bmvJ}}
]]teDuwfuG...'dkifvlBuD; xGufawmh}}
]]tHrm 'dkifvlBuD;udk xkwfvdkYr&bl;}}
]]&w,f}}
]]'gqdk&if}}
odef;0if;onf tdwfxJu pydwfwpf zJwpfcsyfudkxkwfí qefeDYudk
jyonf/
]]rif;udk &moufyef xkwfw,f}}
]]'gjzifh xGufw,fuGm? tawmfyJ igvJarmaewmeJY}}

Ä Ä Ä

qvdkif;ESifh0kdif;aomfonf *kefeDtdwfwpfvHk;udkudkifí xGufvm


Muonf/ 'DaeYnpm[if;twGuf ig;ajcmufESihfa&mzdkY tmvl;0,f&ef/
olwdkYonf 'D&Gmudk aeYv,furS a&mufonf/ b,frSm oGm;0,f&rSef; rod?
q&mu 'Dt&yfrSm tdrf&SdorQ tmvl;&Sdw,f[kqdkNyD; ajymvTwfvdkufjcif;
jzpfonf/ tdrfwpftdrfudk 0ifar;onf/ a&mif;zdkYr&Sd? ]rsKd;} twGufxm;aom
tmvl;awGom &Sdonf/ aemufwpftdrfudk 0ifar;onf/
]]wdkYqDrSmpm;zdkYyJ &Sdw,f a&mif;zdkYr&Sdbl;? rif;wdkY0,fcsif&if [dk;
awmifukef;av;ay:u tdrfrSm oGm;0,facs}}

~ 119 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

awmifukef;uav;ay:odkY wufcJhMu&jyefonf/
]]tmvl;vkduf0,fvdkY MumwmeJY xrif;pm aemufusawmhrSmyJ}}
]]rwwfEdkifbl; udk,fhvl? &atmif0,f&rSmyJ}}
]]a[haumifawG 'Dt&yfrSm pkef;awG bmawG &Sdw,fvdkY
igMum;zl;w,f}}
]]rif;u iaygvm;? odyÜHausmif;om; r[kwfwJhtwdkif;yJ? pkef;wdkY
bmwdkY rif;u ,HkvdkYvm;}}
qvdkif;u 0kdif;aomfudk a[mufvdkufonf/
]]igvJ ,Hkawmhr,Hkygbl;? 'gayr,fh [dkwpfESpfu 'Dudk vmoGm;wJh
aumifawGu 'Dt&yfrSm pkef;awmufwm awGYvkduf&w,f qdkvdkY}}
]][...pkef;awmufw,fqdkwm azmhpfz&yfawG avxkxJrSm tpk
ta0;jzpfae&muae rD;xawmufwmyguG}}
]]bmyJjzpfjzpfav? wdwdusus oufaojyEdkifao;wmrS r[kwfbJ}}
awmifukef;xdyfu tdrfuav;qDodkY a&mufvmcJhonf/ tdrfuav;
onf wdwfqdwfaeonf/ vlrS &Sdygavp/
]]tdrf&SifwdkY...tdrf&SifwdkY}}
atmfac:Munfhonf/ xl;oHrMum;&acs/ tdrfaemufbufrSmrsm;
&Sdrvm; rod/ aemufbufodkY vSnhfoGm;MunfhMuonf/
]]tdrf&SifwdkY...tdrf&SifwdkY}}
]][if...}}

~ 120 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

olwdkY vefYoGm;Muonf/ tdrfaemufbufu rD;zdkacsmifxJrSm/


tdrfuav;onf cyfukwfukwf cyfarSmifarSmif/ tvif;a&mifcyfrSdefrSdefrSm
rdef;rBuD;ESpfa,muf/ qHyifzm;vsm;csxm;Muonf/ xbD&if&Sm;awGESihf
aqmifhaqmifhBuD;awGxdkifvdkY/ a&SUuwpfa,mufudk aemufuwpfa,mufu
oef;&Smay;aeonf/
r,Hkbl;qdkaom 0kdif;aomfonf aemufjyefvSnfh&ef jyifvdkufonf/
qvdkif;u 0kdif;aomf\vufudk zrf;qGJxm;vdkufonf/
]]uRef...uRefawmfwdkY...[dk...[d}k }
rdef;rBuD;ESpfa,muf olwdkYudk jyL;aMumifaMumif MunfhaeMu
avonf/ qvdkif;u pdwfudk wif;vdkufonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkY ausmif;om;awGyg? &efukefuyg? [kdOpöm tmvl;
0,fcsifvdkY}}
]]t[rf;...}}
rdef;rBuD;wpfa,mufu acsmif;[efYvdkufonf/ qvdkif; wGefYceJ
jzpfoGm;onf/
]]&Sdw,f...}}
rdef;rBuD;u cyfjywfjywf ajz&if; xvmonf/ qvdkif;ESihf
0kdif;aomfwdkY\ rsufvHk;rsm;onf uv,fuv,f jzpfaeMuavonf/
rdef;rBuD;u ½dkifywfBuD;wpfckudk qGJz,f&if;...
]]b,favmuf ,lrvJ}}
]]ig;...ig;ydómavmuf}}

~ 121 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rdef;rBuD;onf bmrSrajymbJ tmvl;awGudk csdefwG,faeonf/


NyD;awmh olwdkY\ *kefeDtdwfxJ xnfhay;onf/ qvdkif;onf aps;yif
rar;awmhyJ tpdwfwefwpf&Guf xkwfay;onf/ rdef;rBuD;u aiGtcsKdU
jyeftrf;onf/ qvdkif;ESihf0kdif;aomf bmrS xyfrajymawmhbJ wcsKd;wnf;
vSnhfjyef&ef jyifonf/
]]aeOD;}}
rdef;rBuD;wpfa,muf\ toHMoMoBuD;/ qvdkif;ESifh0kdif;aomfonf
ocifhtrdefYudk emcHaom trJvdkufacG;rsm;vdk wefYceJ &yfoGm;Muonf/
olwdkY vSnhfMunhfvdkufaomtcg/
rdef;rBuD;wpfa,muf\vufxJrSm MuufOoHk;vHk;/
]]&efukefu ausmif;om;uav;awG 'gawG ,loGm;yg? wdkY
tvum; ay;wmaemf}}
MuufOoHk;vHk;udk vSrf;ay;onf/ olwdkY wkefwkef,if,if vSrf;,l
vdkufaomtcg rdef;rBuD;u jyHK;jyonf/ uGrf;pm;wwfaomaMumifhvm;
rod? oGm;awGu rnf;eufaeonf/ xdkoGm;trnf;BuD;rsm;onf jzLpifaom
pdwfxm;rsm;udk jrifomapavonf/
tjyefvrf;wGif qvdkif;ESihf 0kdkif;aomfonf pum;rajymEdkifMu?
0rf;enf;aeMuonf/ txifESihftjrifhonf ygpifatmif vGJNyDaum/
xrif;pm;aomufNyD;Muawmh udk,fhwJ&Sd&modkY jyefvmcJhMuonf/
ypfwdkif;axmiftzGJYonf olwdkYa*[mjzpfaom rD;zdkacsmifuav;xJodkY
0ifvmcJhMu\/
]]a[h qvdkif; b,fa&mufaevJ}}

~ 122 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at;uG}}
]]naeu tbGm;BuD;awGudkrsm; oGm;awmif;yefaeovm; rodbl;}}
]]rjzpfEkdifygbl;uGm}}
]]bmrSvJ ajymroGm;bl;? xrif;pm;ae&if;u aysmufoGm;wm}}
]]tdrfomoGm;&if;eJY usm;qGJoGm;NyDvm; rodbl;}}
]]'Daumifao&ifawmh igwdkY zJ0kdif;axmif&rSmyJ}}
]]ratay;awG? igvmNyDuG}}
qvdkif;onf ajymajymqdkqdk a&mufvmonf/
olwdkYonf rda0;? za0;? oli,fcsif;a0;? &nf;pm;a0; jzpfae&SmMu
olawG/ vGrf;Muayvdrfhrnf/ aqG;Muayvdrfhrnf/ tqdk;qHk;u ae&m/
ausmif;om;uav;rsm;onf &efukefrSmwkef;u ausmif;wufcsif
wufvdkuf? rwufcsifvQifvnf; vpfvdkuf/ ½kyf&SifMunfhvdkuf?
oli,fcsif;awGESihf vufzuf&nfqdkifxdkifvdkuf? [m;wdkuf&,farmvdkuf?
&nf;pm;ruav;awGESifh tif;vsm;uefabmifay: vrf;avQmufvdkuf?
tcef;vGwfrsm;rSm 0ifxdkifvdkuf? tat;qdkifrSm tat;aomufvdkuf?
aysmfp&mtcsdefrsm;udk oufompGm &&SdMuavonf/ yifyifyef;yef;
vkyf&wmqdkvdkY bwfpfum;wdk;pD;&wmavmufyJ &Sdrnf/ ck...uGif;qif;
e,fajrrSm 'Dvdkr[kwf/
awmifawGay: rwufcsifygbl;qdkvdkYvnf; r&/ ausmufwHk;awG
rxkcsifygbl;qdkvdkYvnf; r&/ eHeufajcmufem&DcGJavmuf xGuf? wpfaeYvHk;
tvkyfvkyf/ naeapmif;rS jyef/ ½kyf&Sifvnf; r&Sd? pmzwfzdkYyif tcsdefr&/
&nf;pm;ruav;awGqD pma&;zdkYyif tcsdefvkaeMu&onf/ ae&wmudk

~ 123 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

vnf; Munfh/ trdk;tum rvHkaomtdrf/ 'DMum;xJ &Srf;jynfe,f\


aqmif;wGif;u 0ifa&mufESdyfpufvdkufao;onf/ pm;&awmhvnf; Munhf/
qefraumif;? [if;nHhonf/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh &efukefu ,lvmonfh
vG,fvG,fulul&aom ig;ajcmuf[if;/
olwdkYonf yifyef;rIrsm;udk cg;rSmvG,fvsuf 'ku©rsm;udk
ausmydk;tdwfeJY o,fvsuf aeMu&&Smonf/
olwdkYtwGuf tvGrf;ajy? tcsrf;ajy? tyef;ajy xGufaygufuav;
awmh ay;rS/ pdwfaysmfp&mav; wpfckwavawmh &SdrS/ EdkYrdkYjzifh blrdaA'udk
pdwfemoGm;rSjzifh/
vli,frsm; jzpfMuonf/ 'ku©qif;&Jyifyef;rIrsm;udk xDrxifvdk
olrsm;/ 'gu a,bk,soabmyg/
vlom;rsm;jzpfMuonf/ vlyDyD 'ku©taygif;rS uif;vGwfvdkMu
onf/ vHk;0r[kwfawmif wpfcPav;avmuf aysmfcsifMuonf/
pdwful;,OfrIrsm;? tdyfrufrsm;onf 'ku©taygif;rS tm;vyfcsdef acwå
ay;jcif; r[kwfvm;/
olwdkYonf uav;rsm; r[kwfMuawmhNyD/ xdkYtwl vlBuD;rsm;
vnf; r[kwfMuao;/
wuúodkvfausmif;om;rsm;udk xdef;ausmif;uGyfuJ&ef rvG,fulyg/
olwdkYrSm udk,fydkif qHk;jzwfEdkifcGifh &Sdonf/ udk,fhudk,fudk xdef;ausmif;
&rnf/ q&mqdkonfrSm vrf;nTef½Hk/
odkY&mwGif olwdkYonf vlBuD;rsm; r[kwfMujyef/ xdkYaMumifh
olwdkY\ qHk;jzwfcsufonf t&Snfojzifh rSefcsifrS rSefrnf/ udk,fhudk,fudk
xdef;ausmif;&mwGif t<uif;rJh wnfhrwfcsifrS wnfhrwfrnf/

~ 124 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

vlBuD;awGvdk oabmxm;&rnfqdkNyD; ae&mwum vGwfvyfcGifh


ay;xm;vdkYvnf;r&/ uav;awGyJqdkNyD; [def;vm; a[mufvm; wif;usyf
vm;? [dk[mrvkyf&? 'D[mrvkyf& qdkvdkYvnf; rjzpf/
wpfcgwpf&H acsmh&rnf/
wpfcgwpf&H &Sif;jy&rnf/
wpfcgwpf&H qlylBudrf;armif;&rnf/
wpfcgwpf&H rodvdkuf rodzmomae&rnf/
trSeftm;jzifhrl...
wuúodkvfausmif;om;qdkonfrSm wpfcgwpf&H vlBuD;rsm;vdk
oabmxm;NyD;? wpfcgwpf&H uav;rsm;vdk oabmxm;tyfaom
vli,frsm;om jzpfMuygownf;/

~ 125 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(6)

eHeufapmapm/
aerif;BuD;onf tdyf&mxaemufus\/
wpfnvHk; tvnfvGefaeaom ESif;yGifhuav;rsm;yif tdyf&modkY
r0ifMuao;/
udkatmifonf vdyfjymuav;rsm;ESifhtwl vrf;avQmufxGuf
vmcJhonf/ 'DaeY ol pcef;apmifh wm0efusaomaeY/ wjcm;ausmif;om;awG
xGufcGmoGm;NyD;aemuf ol pcef;udk xrif;csufBuD;ESifh tyfxm;cJhNyD;
xGufvmcJhonf/
aea&mifonf ESif;wdkYudk rEdkifao;/ ywf0ef;usifjrifuGif;wpfckvHk;
rIefysys jzpfaeonf/ aqmif;avwpfcsuftwdkufwGif pdrfhceJ jzpfoGm;onf/
ol\zD;vfukwfudk qGJaphvdkufNyD; vufydkufxm;vdkufonf/
[dk;...ta0;u awmifwef;rsm;onf rIdif;rdIif;jymjym? ajroif;eHY[k
xif&aom teHYwpfckonf olYESmacgif;xJ 0ifa&mufvm\/ udkatmif\
&ifxJodkY tvGrf;pdwfuav;onf ½kwfceJ a&muf&Sdvmonf/ bmudk
vGrf;rSef;vnf; olrod/
'Dt&yfu aqmif;onf at;vGef;pG/ ESif;rIefrsm;onf olYacgif;ay:
odkY wzGJzGJusae\/ tcsrf;oufomatmif ajcvSrf;udk oGufoGufavQmuf
onf/ aEG;axG;íum; rvmcJh/

~ 126 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

odkY&mwGif 'DaeYonf aqmif;ESif;yGihfwdkYtMum;rSmyif ol\


ESvHk;om;udk acR;pdkaprnhfaeYjzpfonf[k udkatmif rodavwum;/
ysOfanmif&Gmonf &Srf;jynfe,fu tjcm;NrdKU&Gmrsm;enf;wl vGifjyif
ae&muav;rsm;wGif wnfxm;onf/ &Gmuav;onf uRJwyfqHkxufydkí
oyf&yfonf[k qdk&rnf/ tdrfuav;rsm;onf pepfwus ae&m,l
xm;Muonf/ wpftdrfESihfwpftdrf oifhwihfaom tuGmta0;rSm &Sdaeonf/
acgufqGJokyfqdkif? oabFmoD;okyfqdkif uav;rsm; &Sdonf/ vufzuf&nf
qdkifudkvnf; awGY&onf/ vufzuf&nf raomuf&wm MumNyDrdkY
0ifaomufrnf pdwful;rdao;onf/ tjyefusrSyJ aomufygawmhrnf[k
qufavQmufcJhonf/ &Gmtv,fwGif wpfxyfwdkufuav; wpfvHk;udk
awGY&ao;onf/
&Gm\[dkbufxdyfa&mufawmh acsmif;uav;wpfck awGY&onf/
omvGefacsmif;ac: jrpfomacsmif;wJY/ uRJwyfqHku arwåmacsmif;udk owd&
rdonf/ 'Dacsmif;uav;vnf; arwåmacsmif;ygyJ/ arwåmZmwfvrf;uav;
wpfyk'fudk 'Dacsmif;em;rSmyif pawmhrnf r[kwfvm;/ 'gawGudk odygp
armifudkatmif/
acsmif;uav;twdkif; vuf0Jbufudk MunhfvdkufvQif acsmif;urf;
yg;rS apwDav;wpfqludk awGY&onf/ xHk;jzLjzLokwfxm;\/ apwDuav;
ab;rSm 0g;Z&yfuav;/
apwDuav;\aemufbufrSm pdrf;ndKaeaom awmifurf;ygBuD;/
Munfvifaom acsmif;a&onf ndKjyma&mif ausmufwHk;BuD;rsm;udk auGYywf
í pD;qif;aeavonf/ udkatmifonf blrdaA'orm;yDyD ndKjyma&mif
ausmufwHk;BuD;rsm;onf xHk;ausmufjzpf&rnf[k cefYrSef;vdkufao;onf/

~ 127 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

acsmif;a&xJrSm yef;yGifhuav;awG arsmygvmonf/ udkatmif


jyHK;rdavonf/ qefeD qdkonfh iaMumifonf cspfrsufrSefqDodkY pma&;aom
tcg ]acsmif;uav;awG awGYwJhtcg yef;yGifhuav;awGudk acsmif;uav;
twdkif; ouf qD arQmvdkufw,f} wJh/ [if;...t"dyÜg,fr&SdwJh tvkyfawG/
awmfawmf ]xl} qefeD/
acsmif;uav;udk jzwfxdk;xm;aom wHwm;ay:odkY jzwfavQmuf
vmcJhonf/ wHwm;uav;\ [dkbufxdyfrSm wJuav;wpfvHk;/ rD;cdk;
wvlvl? taMumfwJuav; jzpfavonf/ tbGm;BuD;wpfa,muf
aMumfaeonf/
]]tar...bmaMumfawG &SdvJ}}
]]bl;oD;aMumf? b,maMumf? tmvl;aMumf? *sL;aMumf? pm;csif
&ifawmh cPapmifh}}
udkatmifonf wJxJ0ifxdkifvdkufonf/ a&aEG;Murf;wpfcGufudk
iSJYí aomufonf/ w[l;[l; rIwfaomufvkdufrS enf;enf; aEG;vmonf/
&Srf;jynfe,f\ xHk;pHtwdkif; vufzufajcmufuawmh awmfawmfaumif;
onf/ a&aEG;Murf;ESpfcGufavmuf qufaomufrdonf/
]]tBuD;oef;...bl;oD;aMumf &NyDvm;[if}}
rdef;uav;rsm;pGmwdkY toHudk udkatmifMum;zl;ygonf/ xdktoH
wdkYudk Mum;&aomtcg olY&ifonf wpfcgrQ ]vdIufceJ} jzpfroGm;zl;yg/
ckwpfcg Mum;&aomtoHrl olY&ifudk ]vdIufceJ} jzpfoGm;aponf/
olwpfcgrS rcHpm;zl;aom cHpm;rIrsKd;/
olYaemufausmbufrS jzpfí auGYavQmufoGm;onf/ xdkYaemuf
&yfonf/

~ 128 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ajcaxmufudk pí jrif&avonf/ om;a&zdeyfyg;yg;uav;?


ajcaxmufjzLjzLuav;? xbDteDuav;/ olYrsufvHk;udk xdkxufydkí
txufodkY rjrihf&J/ odkY&mwGif tqifoifhonf[k qdk&rnf/
rdef;uav;onf xdkifcsvdkufonf/ udkatmifh rsufvHk;rsm;onf ajrBuD;
qDodkY qwfceJ pdkufusoGm;avonf/ rdef;uav;rsm;ESihfawGYvQif
ajrBuD;ukdom pdkufMunfhae&rnf[k b,folu oifxm;ygovJ
armifudkatmif/
tm;wif;vdkufonf/ a,musfm;uG/ rsufvHk;udk txufodkY
jznf;jznf;csif; jr§ifhí Munhfonf/
ajcaxmufjzLjzLuav;/
xbDeDeDuav;/
xdkae&mwGif &yfoGm;jyefavonf/
odkY&mwGif tqifoifhoGm;jyef\/
xbDeDeDay:odkY usvmaom vufacsmif;uav;rsm;udk awGY&onf/
vufonf;&Snf rxm;aomfvnf; vufacsmif;rsm; oG,fvsonf/
vufonf;eD rqdk;xm;aomfvnf; yef;Eka&mif ajy;aeonf/
rsufvHk;udk enf;enf; jr§ifhvkdufygOD; udkatmif&,f?
a,mufsm;av;yJ rdef;uav;udk Munfhwm rqef;ygbl;uGm/
rsufvHk;udk enf;enf;uav; jr§ifhMunfhonf/
tuÐstjzLa&mifvufwdk? olYtuÐsonf vufazmif;? qifem;&Guf\
vufzsm;us,f? vufazmif;wGefY? vufazmif;usyf ponfwdkY r[kwf
aomfvnf; oefY&Sif; oyf&yfonf[k qdkEdkifonf/

~ 129 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tuÐsvuf\ tzsm;rSm jrifae&aom vufarmif;om;onf


wif;wif;uav;? aocsmpGmMunhfvQif a&Ta&mifarG;nif;uav;rsm;udk
jrif&vdrfhrnf/ xdkvufarmif;om;udk vufn§dK;zsm;uav;jzifh tomuav;
wkdYMunhfrnfqdkvQif...
]]bmaMumfpm;rvJ vlav;}}
]]vufarmif;? tJ...*sL;aMumfyJay;yg}}
wuúodkvfausmif;olrsm;qdkvQifjzifh olYpum;trSm;aMumihf yg;pyf
udk vufudkify0gjzifh tkyfí udk,fuav;udk odrfhodrfhcgapvsuf toH
rxGufatmif &,fayvdrfhrnf/ oluav;ujzifh 'Dvdk r[kwfyg/ udkatmifh
pum;trSm;udk bmrQrodvkdufovdk £a`Eh́yif rysuf/
]]taru bl;oD;aMumf ,lckdif;vkdufvdkY}}
udkatmifonf &SufoGm;aomaMumifh a&aEG;Murf;tdk;udk a,mifí
udkifvdkufonf/ yef;uefxJodkY avmif;xnfhrnfjyKonf/ yef;uefxJrSm
a&aEG;tjynhf &SdaeNyD;aomaMumifh tdk;udk jyefcsvdkufonf/ qefumxJu
bl;oD;aMumfawGudk t"dyÜg,fr&Sd udkifMunhfonf/ aemufqHk;awmh bmvkyf
&rSef; rodjzpfaeaom vufESpfzufudk zD;vfukwftdwfxJodkY xnfhxm;
vkdufavonf/
'Dae&mrSm [kdaumifawGqdkvQifawmh aumifrav;bufodkY vSnfhí
[J[JqdkNyD; rsufESmcsKd aoG;ayvdrfhrnf/ NyD;awmh ]]nDru 'D&Gmuvm;?
tpfudkwdkYu ... wuúodkvfausmif;om;awGyg? ck...uGif;qif;zdkY vmMuwm
tultnDvdk&if ajymaygh}} [k rdwfqufMuayvdrhfrnf/ odkY&mwGif
udkatmifum; vl½dk;BuD;yg/ tif;av...xm;vkdufygawmh/ rdef;uav;onf
olYvufarmif;u blrdaA' wHqdyfudk jrifoGm;vQif wuúodkvfausmif;om;

~ 130 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rSef; odoGm;vdrfhrnf[k awG;rdonf/ xdkYaMumifh vufarmif;u wHqdyfudk


vufjzifh tkyfxm;rdonf/ atmf...cktcsdefrSm 'DwHqdyf[m <um;vdkYaumif;wJh
t&mwpfckqdkwm rodavovm; armifudkatmif/
taMumfonfBuD;u *sL;aMumfyef;uefudk olYa&SUcsay;&if;u
ar;vdkufonf/
]]rif;u ausmif;om;vm;}}
]][kwf...[kwfuJhcifAs}}
ta':BuD;onf udkatmifhvufarmif;udk Munhfonf/ udkatmif
onf wHqdyfudktkyfxm;aomvufudk a,mifí z,fjyvdkufrd\/
]]rif;wdkYausmif;om;awG awmfawmfqdk;wmyJ}}
]]cifAsm}}
]]ausmif;om;awG awmfawmfqdk;w,f}}
]]tJ...uRefawmfwdkYu wpfaeYurS a&mufwmyg? pcef;csif;vJvdkY}}
]]at;av? rif;wdkYawmh rodbl;? t&ifausmif;om;awGuawmh
qdk;w,f? ausmif;om;wpfa,mufu taMumfta<u;pm;NyD; ay;roGm;bl;}}
]]Asm...[kwfvm;? b,folvJ}}
]]emrnfawmhrodbl;? rif;vdk tuÐsrsKd;eJYyJ}}
]][m...uRefawmf r[kwfygbl;}}
]]at;yg? vluav;udk ajymwm r[kwfygbl;}}
]]b,favmufzdk; pm;oGm;wmvJ a':a':}}

~ 131 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]oHk;usyfzdk;}}
]]tJ'D oHk;usyfudk uRefawmf pdkufay;yghr,f}}
]]r[kwfwmuG,f? aeygap? pum;tjzpfajymwmyg}}
]][m? b,fjzpfrvJ? uRefawmfwdkYvdk ausmif;om;wpfa,mufu
,loGm;wJh ta<u;qdkawmh? uRefawmfhrSmvJ wm0ef&Sdygw,f? ,lxm;vdkufyg
a':a':&,f? [kdaumifu arhNyD; ay;roGm;wm jzpfygvdrfhr,f}}
udkatmifu ig;usyfwef wpf&Guf xkwfay;vdkufonf/
rdef;uav;onf olYudk zswfceJ MunhfvkdufaMumif; odvdkuf&\/
rdef;uav;udk rMunhfaomfvnf; rsufvHk;vufoGm;aom ta&mifudk
odvdkuf&aomaMumifh jzpfonf/ olu udkatmifhudk av;pm;oGm;wmvm;/
]]uRefr oGm;r,faemf}}
xdktoHonf udkatmifhudk vIdufceJ jzpfoGm;apjyefNyD/ b,fvdkrSef;
vJrod/ udkatmif olYrsufESmudk odyfMunhfcsifvmonf/ tm;wif;vkduf\/
a,mufsm;.../
rsufvHk;udk wpfcsufvSefí Munfhonf/
rsufvTmudk vsifjrefpGm jyefcsonf/
wpfpuúefY\ oHk;yHkwpfyHkom Mumrnf/
odkY&mwGif jrifvdkuf&aom rsufESmuav;onf wpfoufpm
pGJrufí oGm;avNyD/
tvGefvSygonf[k rajymvdkyg/ odkY&mwGif vSonf[líawmh
ajymvdkonf/

~ 132 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rdef;uav;onf bl;oD;aMumf,lNyD; xGufoGm;\/ udkatmifonf


aemufodkY vSnfhMunfhrnfBuHNyD;rS taMumfonfBuD;udk &SufaomaMumifh
rMunhfjzpf/
]]rif;uawmh aumif;yHk&ygw,f}}
]]Asm...[kwf...[kwfuJh}}
taMumfonfBuD;onf &Sif;&Sif;bGif;bGif; ajymwwfyHk&onf/
NyD;awmh olrsm;awGtaMumif;udkvnf; ajymjy&ef 0goem &SdyHk&onf/
xdkYaMumifhyif udkatmifonf apmapmu aumifrav;taMumif;udk pwif
odcGifh&cJhonf r[kwfvm;/
]]cke xGufoGm;wJh aumifrav; odw,f r[kwfvm;? tJ'D...}}
]]uRefawmf rodbl;cifAs}}
atmf... ]xl} vdkufwJh udkatmif? odw,fr[kwfvm;qdkwm pum;
tjzpf ajymwm[/ wuúodkvfausmif;om; r[kwfwJh twdkif;yJ/
]]at;yg? rif;rodygbl;? tJ'gajymrvdkY}}
]]atmf...[kwfuJh}}
]]tJ'Daumifrav;u ‘'D&Gmuaygh}}
]]atmf}}
]]'gayr,fh? 'DrSm tNrJaewm r[kwfbl;? ausmif;ydwf&ufrdkY cP
jyefvmwm}}
awmifBuD;aumvdyfursm; jzpfaervm;[k awG;rdonf/ jzpfawmh
jzpfEdkifonf/ olYyHku 'D&Gmu wjcm;rdef;uav;awGeJYrwl/

~ 133 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]olYrdbrsm;uawmh qif;&J&Smygw,f? tJ...olYta':u ompnfrSm


acsmifacsmifvnfvnfqdkawmh olYudk ompnfac:NyD; ausmif;xm;ay;wm}}
]]atmf}}
'gaMumifh oluav;&JUpum;oHu Armvdk yDyDooxGufwmudk;/
'D&Gmu vlrsm;onf Armyifjzpfvifhupm; pum;0JMuonfcsnf; jzpf\/
]]uav;rav;u awmfygw,f? ck q,fwef;atmifcJhNyDwJh}}
]]olu Armvm;}}
ar;NyD;rS olY[mol &SufoGm;\/ ckrSawGYwJh rdef;uav;wpfa,muf
taMumif;udk pyfpk ar;jref;zdkYroihf[k olxifonf/ odkY&mwGif taMumfonf
BuD;um; b,fvdkrS rxifacs/
]]at;uG,f... olwdkYu ArmyJ/ 'gayr,fh olYtazuawmh ytdkY0f
aoG; pyfw,f}}
atm...'gaMumifh tom;jzLaywmudk;/ trSeftm;jzifh 'Dt&yfwGif
&Srf;tppfrsm;yif tom;jzLolr&Sd/ tvkyfMurf; vkyf&aomaMumifh aeavmif
NyD; tom;ndKMu\/ oluav;uawmh ompnfrSm at;at;ae&vdkY tom;
jzLwm jzpfEdkifonf/
emrnfudk ar;rnf[k pdwful;rdonf/ odkY&mwGif olpdwf0ifpm;
aewm oddoGm;rnfudk &SufaomaMumifh rar;jzpf/ a[m olu wu,fyJ
pdwf0ifpm;aeNyDvm;/
pcef;odkY jyefvmcJhonf/ acsmif;ul;wHwm;av;udk jzwful;aom
tcgwGif acsmif;uav;xJrSm yef;yGif;uav;wpfyGifh arsmygvmonf/

~ 134 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

apmapmu aumifrav;rsm; ususefcJhwmvm; rod/ olYudk,fol &SufNyD;


jyHK;rdonf/
tjyefvrf;wGif ajcvSrf;roGufawmhacs/ tawG;vGefaeolwdkYonf
ajcvSrf;aES;wwfygonf r[kwfvm;/
aea&mifonf yGifhpjyKayNyD/ ESif;yGifhwdkYonfvnf; wpfae&mrSm
oGm;ykef;aeMuNyD/ tcsrf;vnf; oufomvmNyD/ olYezl;rSm acR;pdkYvmNyD/
trSeftm;jzifhrl...
olYESvHk;om;onf acR;pkYdpjyKvmavNyDwum;/

Ä Ä Ä

apmifh&aomudpöonf tvGefyifyef;\/ omref tcsdefrsm;wGif


tcsdefonf ukefrSef;rod ukefoGm;wwfaomfvnf; wpfckckudk apmifhae&NyD
qdkaomtcg tcsdefonf ukefcJvSawmhonf/ wpfckckudk ta&;wBuD;
ajymcsifaeNyDqdkvQif tcsdefwdkYonf apmihf&wm wmt&SnfqHk;/
udkatmifonf oli,fcsif;awG jyeftvmudk yifyef;BuD;pGm apmihfae
&avonf/ apmihfae&olwdkY\ xHk;pHtwdkif; pdwfu *PmrNidrf/ cspfol
tvmudk apmifhzl;olwdkY xdkt&omudk odvdrfhrnf/ udkatmifuawmh cspfol
r&SdcJhzl;ojzifh olajymaeuspum;vdk ]b,fvdkBuD;rSefvJrod} jzpfae&onf/
a&xaomufvdkuf? pmtkyfawG vSefMunfhvdkuf? zD;vfukwfudk cRwfvdkuf?
jyef0wfvdkuf? vSJtdyfvdkuf? jyefxvdkuf? vrf;avQmufvdkuf? xdkifvdkuf/

~ 135 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

aemufqHk; atmifhraeEdkifbJ ajymjycsifvGef;tm;BuD;ojzifh xrif;


csufBuD; udkyif ajymjyawmhrnf[k xGufvmcJhonf/ wuúodkvfa&mufcgp
ausmif;om;topfuav;wdkYonf rdrdwdkYbmom&yf wHqdyfygaom
pGyfus,ftusÐudk 0wfí t&yfxJrSm vrf;ovm;jycsifonfh yHkpHrsKd;/
xrif;csufBuD;onf naepmtwGuf tvkyfrsm;pjyKaeNyD/
]]OD;av;}}
]]a[...vuGm}}
ajymrnfjyKNyD;rS olYudk ajymjyvdkY t"dyÜg,fr&SdrSef;odNyD; &SufoGm;
onf/
]]bmvJuG}}
]]bmrS r[kwfygbl;Asm}}
]]awmfawmfaemufwJhaumif}}
a&xaomufvkduf? pmtkyfawGvSefMunhfvdkuf? zD;vfukwfudk
cRwfvdkuf? jyef0wfvdkuf? vSJtdyfvdkuf? jyefxvdkuf? vrf;avQmufvdkuf?
xdkifvdkuf/
ae&xdkif&wm awmfawmfcufonf/ wpfrsKd;BuD;yJ/ b,fvdkBuD;
rSef;vnf; rodygbl;Asm/ arS;ceJ tdyfaysmfoGm;onf/ tdyfrufrufrnf
vkyfaewkef;rSm qlqlnHnH toHrsm;aMumifh vefYEdk;vmonf/
a[m...olwdkY jyefvmMuNyD/
cyfvSrf;vSrf;uyif olwkdYoDcsif;oHudk Mum;ae&ygonf r[kwf
vm;/

~ 136 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tdk...q&moif;&,f? Camp jyefa&mufwdkif;vJ ae&mwumu


trsm;BuD;emygw,f.../ tdk...q&moif;&,f? n§mwmygOD;uG,f...
'DausmufwHk;BuD;awG av;vSygNyDuG,f}}
udkatmifonf wJtjyifodkY ajy;xGufvmcJhonf/ olY cspfoli,f
csif;rsm;onf acR;oHawGESihf avQmufvmaeMu\/
]]rif;wdkYudk apmifhaewmuG}}
]]bmvkyfzdkYvJ? eif;ay;ESdyfay;rvdkYvm;? aus;Zl;yJ}}
]]r[kwfbl;? ajymp&m&SdvdkY}}
]]'gqdk aemufrSajym? a&mh...'Dausmydk;tdwf,loGm;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu olYausmydk;tdwfudk xdk;ay;vdkufonf/ usefwJhaumif
awGuyg tm;usrcH 0kdif;ay;Muonf/ udkatmifonf olajymcsifaom
pum;udk rajym&ao;bJ ausmydk;tdwfawGudk o,f&if; vkdufcJh&avonf/
[kdudka&mufawmhvnf; xrif;qmvSNyDqdkNyD; xGufoGm;Muavaom
aMumifh rajymvdkuf&/ udkatmifum; aqGYaqGYckefíom aevdkufcsifonf/
xrif;pm;NyD;awmh a&csKd;OD;rnfqdkNyD; xGufoGm;Mujyef\/ udkatmifonf
ajymjycsifvGefvGef;aomaMumifh a&csKd;&modkY vkdufoGm;avonf/
]]a[haumifawG}}
]]bmvJ[}}
]]ig 'DaeYreufu taMumfoGm;pm;w,f}}
]]wpfa,mufxJ oGm;pm;w,fayghav}}
]]aeygOD;uG? tJ'gu ta&;rBuD;ygbl;? igajymrSmu...}}

~ 137 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

olYpum;udk rqufbJ &yfvdkufonf/ ajym&rSmawmh cyf&Suf&SufyJ/


wwfEdkifygbl;av;/ oli,fcsif;awGudk ajymjyrSm oihfawmhrnf/
]]ig...ig aumifrav;wpfa,muf awGYw,f}}
]]tJ'g bmjzpfvJ}}
]]tJ...}}
udkatmif bmqufajym&rSef; rodawmh? [kwfawmh [kwfom;yg/
awGYwm bmjzpfovJ/
]]r[kwfbl;uG? awmfawmfvSw,f}}
]][...[? bdk;olawmfyg;pyfu vrf;o&Jpum;awG xGufw,f}}
]]wu,fajymwmyguG}}
]]raomufzl;awmh bD,mudk t&ufxifqdkwmvdk 'Daumif
awmolrBuD;awGYNyD; vSw,fvdkY vmajymwm jzpf&r,f}}
]]rajymjyawmhbl;uGm}}
]]at;uGm? aus;Zl;wifw,f? rajymeJYawmh}}
rajymawmhbl; qdkaomfvnf; ajymcsifaejyefonf/ 'DaumifawG
tm;vHk;a&SUrSm ajymvQifawmh ckvdkyJ t[m;cH&vdrfhrnf/ wpfa,mufudk
usdwfNyD; ajymjyrSyJ/ b,folYudk ajym&ygh? [kwfNyD? rsKd;jrifhvGifudk ajymjy
&rnf/ 'Daumifu enf;enf;pdwfaumif;&SdyHk&onf/
pcef;odkY jyefa&mufaomtcg rsKd;jrihfvGifudk vufukwfí ac:xkwf
vmcJhonf/
]]rsKd;jrifh}}

~ 138 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]bmvJuG}}
]]ig...reufu taMumfoGm;pm;w,f}}
]]vmjyefyvm; taMumfpm;wm}}
]]r[kwfbl;? ig wu,f taumif;ajymrvdkY}}
]]ajymuGm}}
]]rif;...'g'gBuD;udk pawGYawmh b,fvdkaeovJ}}
]]csD;ygcsifovdkvdk ao;aygufcsifovdkvdk jzpfoGm;wmyJ}}
]]a[haumif raemufygeJYuGm? ig wu,f twnfar;aewmyg}}
]]rif;uvJ ta&;wBuD;qdkNyD; ac:vmNyD;awmh bmawG avQmufar;
aewmvJ}}
]]udpö&SdvdkYayghuG? 'DrSm rif;'g'gBuD;udk pawGYawmh &ifawG rckefbl;
vm;}}
]]at;...ckefw,f}}
]]vSyfceJ vSyfceJaum rjzpfbl;vm;}}
]]jzpfw,f}}
]]ajczsm; vufzsm;awGaum at;rvmbl;vm;}}
]]at;w,fuGm...at;w,fuGm...tJ'g bmjzpfvJ}}
]]bmrS rjzpfygbl;? tJ'g odcsifvdkY}}
]]iaMumif}}

~ 139 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]aeygOD;? em;axmifygOD;? ig aumifrav; wpfa,mufudk


awGYcJhw,f}}
]]awmolrBuD;vm;}}
]][m...r[kwfbl;? wu,fvSwm}}
udkatmifu olawGYcJorQudk ajymjy\/
]]tJ'guGm olYudkvJawGYa&m? igh&ifxJrSm wpfrsKd;BuD;yJ? b,fvdkBuD;
rSef;vJ rodygbl;uGm}}
]]xGef;rif;ausmfwdkY uRJwyfqHkrSm awGYwJh[mBuD;vm;rS rodwm}}
]]a[haumif...rif; ½dkif;vScsnfvm;}}
udkatmifu a'gooHjzifh ajymvdkufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif tHhMooGm;
avonf/ 'Daumif rvG,fbl;xifw,f/ wu,frsm;vm; rod/ odkY&mwGif
'Daumifu 'Davmufawmh tjzpf&Sdrnf rxif/
udkatmifonf ol a'goxGufrdonfhtwGuf olYudk,fol tHhMo
aeonf/ tdk b,fvdkBuD;rSef;vnf; rodygbl;Asm/
Ä Ä Ä

n tarSmifpjyKcsdefwGif ,if;rmyifrS vlBuHKa&mufvm\/ xdkolESifh


pmrsm;ygvmonf/ olwdkYonf olwdkYtdrfrsm;qDrS pmxnhfvkdvQif
,if;rmyif&Sd acsmfvJ xrif;qdkifodkY ydkYxm;yg[k rSmMum;Muonf/
xdkYaMumihf ,if;rmyifrS vmaom vlBuHKonf xrif;qdkifrSm a&mufaeaom
pmrsm;udk pkí ,lvmjcif; jzpfavonf/

~ 140 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rdbqDupm? oli,fcsif;qDupm? &nf;pm;ruav;qDupmwdkYudk


&&SdMuolwdkYrSm aysmfírqHk;/ cktcsdefrSm uGif;e,fajr\ tyurÇmwdkYrS
tquftoG,fonf 'Dpmuav;rsm;om &Sdygonf r[kwfvm;/
vlYpdwfonf b,fvdkrSef;rod/ &efukefrSmwkef;u rdbpum;
em;raxmifolawG? tdrfudkruyfbJ avQmufvnfaewwfolawGrSm ck
]om;...aeaumif;&JUvm;} qdkaom pmuav; wpfaMumif;onf yDwdwdkYudk
a0jzmapavonf/ &nf;pm;ruav;awGqDu pmqdkvQifum; ajymzdkYyif
rvdk/ pmuav;awG wudkifudkif [dkajy;? 'Dajy; jzpfaeMuavonf/
udk,fhpm ygrvmolawGuawmh rsufESmi,fuav;awGESifh/ olrsm;
aysmfwmudkyJ ab;uMunhfí a&ma,mifaysmfae&avonf/ qefeDonf
cspfrsufrSefqDu pmudkudkifí tcef;xJrSm avQmufckefaeonf/
]]iguG...iguG...rsKd;jrifhvGif rif;qDudk 'g'gu pma&;ovm;?
ighqDudk cspfrsufrSefu pma&;w,fuG? 'DrSm awGYvm;}}
]][ 'g'gu ighudk pdwfcsvdkY bmpmrS ra&;wm? cspfrsufrSefuom
rif;udk pdwfrcsvdkY Budrf;armif;vdkufwJhpm a&;vdkufwm r[kwfvm;}}
]]xGwf...bmrS rqdkifbl;? ighudk b,favmufvGrf;w,fqdkwJh
taMumif; a&;xm;wm}}
]]r,Hkbl; Munhfr,f}}
]]b,fjyvdkY jzpfrvJ}}
]]'gqdk rif;ajymwm r,Hkbl;? rif;udk Budrf;wmygvdkY rjy&Jwm
jzpfr,f}}
]]rygbl;uG 'DrSmMunhf}}

~ 141 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

qeffeDu pmudkjyonf/ yxrqHk;pm&Gufudkom jyaomfvnf;


rsKd;jrifhvGifu aemufqHk;pm&Gufudk vk,lí Munfhvdkufonf/ pm\
atmufqHk;pmaMumif;rSm...
]]'gyJaemf? [dkrSm ½Iyf½Iyf&Suf&Suf owif;Mum;&if jyefvm&if
awmhvm; Adkufaygufatmifudk qGJvdrfvdkufr,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu us,favmifpGm zwfjyNyD; [m;vdkufavonf/
]]0g;[m;[m;... rBudrf;ygbl;wJh [m;[m;...rBudrf;ygbl;wJh}}
]][... [ bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrS jzpfwmr[kwfbl;? rDavmifwm}}
jrihfaomif;um; ol&xm;aompmudk tNyD;owfatmifzwfNyD;
xvmonf/
]]qefeD&m rif;b0u qdkvScsnfvm;? cspfrsufrSefu 'Dxdatmif
vdkufNyD; Budrf;armif;aewkef;yJvm;[? awmfao;wmayghuGm? cspfrsufrSefu
olYvufudkjzwf? ygq,fxkwfeJY xnfhydkYvkdufNyD; rif; txkyfudk zGihfMunhfrS
yg;udk xr½dkufwm uHaumif;w,f/ ighudkqdk&if at;u pma&;vdkufwm
enf;enf;&ifhwJh pum;vHk;av;awmif rygbl;/ ol b,favmuf
cspfaMumif; t[d...}}
jrifhaomif;u ajymNyD; vSnfhxGufoGm;onf/
]]'Dvdk b,f&rvJ? rif;pmjy}}
]]rjybl;uG}}

~ 142 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

jrihfaomif;\pmudk vkdufvkMuonf/ jrifhaomif;u xGufajy;


onf/ olYudk vkdufzrf;Muonf/ jrifhaomif;u ½kef;onf/ pmudk vufwGif
qkyfí udk,faemufrSm twif;0Sufonf/ wpfa,mufESihf trsm;rdkY
jrifhaomif; rwwfEdkif/ olYvufudk twif;ajzí pmudk vk,loGm;Muonf/
qvdkif;onf pmudkzGihfí us,favmifpGm jzwfjyonf/
]]om; armifjrifhaomif;}}
azazESihfarar pma&;vkdufonf}}
]][m;[m; iaygawG? iaygawG? igzdefYwm cHvkduf&NyDa[h...}}
jrihfaomif;um; olYvSnfhuGufxJ 0ifoGm;aomaMumifh tvGef0rf;
omí aeavonf/
udkatmifonf NidrfvGef;vSonf/ oli,fcsif;awGum; udkatmif
olYrdbqDu pmrvmaomaMumihf aqG;aeonf[kom xifonf/
cgwdkif;vnf; olonf 'DvdkyJ wpfcgwpfcg ai;idkifaewwfonf r[kwf
vm;/
udkatmifonf azazhudkvnf; cspfygonf/ ararhudkvnf; cspf
ygonf/ odkY&mwGif cktcsdefrSm azazESihfararwdkYudk ol rvGrf;rdacs/ 'gjzifh
&efukefrSm usefcJhwJh oli,fcsif;awG? avSum;wdkY? uif;aumifwdkYudk
vGrf;wmvm; qdkawmhvnf; r[kwfjyefyg/ vGrf;awmh vGrf;wmyJ/ bmudk
vGrf;rSef;rod/
olYrsufpdxJwGif rsufESmuav;wpfck zswfceJ ay:vmonf/
tkd...reufwkef;qDu rsufESmuav;yg r[kwfvm;/
à

~ 143 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(7)

]]awmifay:rS y0gaysmuf aumuf&&ifwJh ay;Muyg? aumuf&


&ifwJh ay;Muyg}}
]]awmifay:rSm yGifhwJhyef; bmyef;&,fvdkY ac:ygw,f? bmyef;&,f
vdkY ac:ygw,fAs}}
]]a&Tyef;&,fvdkY ac:ygw,f? aiGyef;&,fvdkY ac:ygw,fAs}}
tif'DAD*sLt,fvfx&Awfpfac: udk,fhtkyfpkESihfudk,f xGufMu&NyD
qdkvQif 'DvdkyJ aygufwwfu& atmf[pfwwfMuonf/ q,fa,mufwpfzGJY
avmuf cGJí xGuf&jcif;jzpfonf/ udk,hftkyfpkxJuyif acgif;aqmifa&G;?
bGwfuifrif;a&G;NyD; oGm;Mu&jcif;jzpfonf/ xdktcgrsKd;wGif q&m vdkufyg
vmjcif; r&Sdacs/
q&m rygvdkYqdkNyD; cdkuyfrae&JMu? owfrSwfxm;aom e,fajrudk
jynhfpHkatmifravhvmbJ rae&JMu? olwdkYvkyfxm;orQ bGwfuifpmtkyfwGif
vdkufrSwfxm;&onf/ NyD;awmh zD;vf&ydkYwf(uGif;qif;tpD&ifcHpm) a&;Mu
&onf/ tJ'DxJrSm rjynfhpHkvQif rvG,f/ aemufNyD; q&monf onfe,fajr
awGudk aemausaeNyD/ ckdif;wJhae&mudk olwdkY a&mufatmif oGm;&JUvm;?
roGm;bl;vm;? olwdkYvkyfwmudkifwm jynhfpHk&JUvm;? cdkuyfaecJhovm;
qkdonfudk q&monf rvdkufbJ odaewwfonf/ bGwfuifpmtkyfudk
,lMunfhvdkuf,Hkjzihf tvdrfawG tukefay:wmyJ/

~ 144 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ypfwdkif;axmiftzGJY\acgif;aqmifrSm rsKd;jrihfvGif jzpfonf/ olu


rESpfuvnf; wpfESpfuszl;onf/ acgif;aqmifEdkifaom t&nftcsif;vnf;
&Sdonf/ a&SUaqmifEGm;vm;Oózaygh/ odkY&mwGif tvkyfESihfywfoufaom
udpörSvGJí olYudk b,folurS rav;pm;Muacs/ olonf tvkyfvkyfae&if;
u ]]igeJY'g'gBuD;eJY wpfcgwkef;uayghuGm}} qdkNyD; olY&nf;pm;taMumif;awG
cPcP ajymwwfaomaMumifh jzpfavonf/
]]a[haumifawG MumyHk; MumyHk;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu ]]xrif;pm;Mur,f}} [k w½kwfvdk ajymvdkuf\/
0kdif;aomfu rsKd;jrihfvGifudk a[mufvdkufonf/
]]a[haumif...awmxJrSm ewfBudKufovm;rod bmrodbJ w½kwf
vdkawG bmawG rajym&bl;uG}}
]]ewfawG bmawG vkyfraeeJY igr,Hkbl;}}
]]wu,fajymwm? rif;udk igMum;zl;wm wpfckajymjyr,f? igwdkY
&GmrSm jzpfcJhwm}}
0kdif;aomfonf tjzpftysufwpfckudk ajymjyonf/
]]igwdkY&Gmem;rSm awmwpfck&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dawmu ewfu odyfMurf;
wm? ukvm;vdkajym&if rBudKufbl;? usm;eJY wdkufwwfw,f}}
]]t*Fvdyfvdkajym&ifaum}}
]]NidrfNidrfem;axmifprf;yguGm? tJ'g wpfcgu om;tzESpfa,muf
tJ'DawmrSm xif;acGoGm;Mua&mwJh? rGef;wnfhcsdefavmufusawmh om;u
xrif;qmvmwmeJY tazhudk ]taz cgemcgvD;,m;} vdkY ajymw,fwJh? tJ'D
awmh tazu...]'Dawmapmifhewfu ukvm;vdkajymwm rBudKufbl;qdkwm

~ 145 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

eif rodbl;vm;? awmfMum usm;xGufqGJvdkY rmvua*smif;aer,f} vkdY


ajymvdkufw,f? tJ'DrSmwif usm;xGufvmNyD; om;tzESpfa,mufpvHk;udk
udkufowfoGm;a&mwJh}}
]][m;[m;...&,f&om;yJ}}
]]tJ'Dtjzpf[m wu,fjzpfwmvdkY xifvm;? igvkyfBuHNyD;
ajymwmvdkY xifvm;}}
]]igwdkYawmh rif;vkyfBuHwmvdkY xifwmyJ}}
]]at;...rSefw,f}}
xrif;pm;aomufMuNyD;awmh cPwpfjzKwfem;Muonf/ opfyif&dyf
rSm vSJtdyfNyD;em;aewm Zdrf&SdvdkufvSonf/ rsufpdudk cPav;rSdwfvdkufNyD
qdkvQif taMumif;t&m trsKd;rsKd;wkdYonf olwdkYtawG;xJ a&mufvm
Muonf/ cspfzG,faumif;aom rsufESmuav;rsm;onf olwdkY jrifvTm
ay:odkY zswfceJ zswfceJ a&muf&Sdí vmMuonf/ yifyef;rIrsm;udk cParh
vkdufMuonfh tcsdefuav;yif jzpfygonf/ tdyfaysmfoGm;zdkY? tdyfrufxJ
oGm;vnfzdkYawmh tcsdefr&acs/ tvkyf&Sdao;onf/
]]udkif;...taygif;toif;wdkYa&... tcsdef&Sdcdkuf qufvufvdkY vkyf
vdkufMuOD;pdkY}}
rsKd;jrihfvGifu wyfvSefYvdkufonf/ tm;vHk; rxcsifxcsif xvdkuf
Mu&onf/
ysOfanmife,fajronf uRJwyfqHke,fajrxuf ydkíjrihfonf/
awmifukef;awGvnf; ydkrsm;onf/ awmvnf; ydkeufonf/ xdkYaMumifh ydkí
yifyef;onf/

~ 146 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'Dawmifukef;udk wuf&r,f? 'Dxdyfem;rSm (fault) wpfck &Sdw,f vkdY


ajymw,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu awmifay:odkY OD;aqmifí wufoGm;\/ olwdkYonf
awmifxdyfu jywfa&GUwpfckudk uGefywfpfoHk;í wdkif;wmMu&onf/ olwdkY
oHk;aom uGefywfpfonf t&yfrsufESmudkomru a&GUapmif;aom'D*&Dudkyg
wdkif;í&onf/
a&jyifnDab;wdkuf apmif;jcif;onf (Strike)? txufatmuf
apmif;jcif;onf (Dip)/ ausmufvTmjywfa&GUwpfck? tufaMumif;wpfckonf
ab;wkduftm;jzifh b,fESpf'D*&Dapmif;í b,ft&yfodkY OD;wnfaeovJ/
xdkausmufonf bmtrsKd;tpm;vJ/ oufEkvm;? ouf&ihfvm;/ ausmufwHk;
erlemwdkYudk xkcGJMunfhívnf; cGJjcm;&onf/ uGefywfpf tultnDjzifhvnf;
wdkif;wm&onf/
xdkaeYu tvkyf awmfawmfNyD;cJhonf/ awmfawmfvnf; yifyef;cJh
Muonf/
'Davmuf yifyef;vmwmawmif pcef;jyefa&mufNyD;awmh abmvHk;
uefMuao;onf/ wwfvnf; wwfEdkifwJhaumifawG/ xHk;pHtwdkif;yJ
&nf;pm;&Sdtoif;ESihf &nf;pm;r&Sdtoif;/
]]uJ...&nf;pm;r&Sd iHk;wdwdaumifawG [dkbufoGm;}}
jrifhaomif;u atmfonf/ udkatmifum; tv,faumifrSm xHkayay
&yfae\/
]]a[haumif arsmufoif;uGJ udkatmif [dkbufoGm;avuGm?
&nf;pm;rJhtoif;udk}}

~ 147 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]ig rupm;csifbl;}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJuG}}
]]bmrS rjzpfbl;? ig 'dkifvlBuD;vkyfr,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf udkatmifhudk wpfcsuf vSrf;Munhfvkdufonf/

Ä Ä Ä

'DaeY apmapmjyefa&mufonf/ pcef;odkYa&mufa&mufcsif;yif tyl&Syf


rSmudkyif *½krpdkufEdkifbJ a&tjrefcsKd;onf/ xrif;okwfokwfpm;onf/
b,folYrSrac:bJ wpfa,mufxJ xGufvmcJhonf/ udkatmifaygh/
olonf jrpfomacsmif;uav;em;u taMumfqdkifodkY bmaMumifh
xGufvmcJhonfudk trSeftwdkif; odcsifodaernf/ odkY&mwGif taMumfpm;csif
vdkY vmwm[k olYudk,fol vdrfnmvdkufonf/ udk,fhudk,fudkawmif jyefNyD;
&SufaewwfwJh taumifygyJvm;/
blrdaA'orm;yDyD ajrBuD;udkom iHkYMunfhí avQmufvmrd aom
aMumifh wHwm;uav;ay:odkYwufrdrSyif wpfbufuvludk jrifrdonf/
wHwm;\ [dkbufxdyfrSm olyg/ oluvnf; wHwm;ay: wufpjyKaeNyD/
wHwm;uav;onf vlESpfa,mufa&Smifom&ef rjzpfEdkif/
udkatmif &ifckefvmonf/ vrf;avQmufvdkufvQif 'l;awGwkefNyD;
a&xJjyKwfusoGm;rnf pkd;aomaMumifhvm;rod? ayí &yfaerdonf/
oluav;onf wHwm;ay:rS ukef;ay:odkY jyefqif;í udkatmifhudk vrf;z,f

~ 148 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ay;vdkufonf/ udkatmif tm;emoGm;avonf/ olu a,musfm;jzpf


ygvsuf r[kwfvm;/
]]cifAsm; t&ifoGm;yg}}
udkatmifu wHwm;ay:rSaemufjyefqkwfí vrf;z,fay;vdkufonf/
oluav;onf wHwm;udkjzwfausmfí udkatmifhab;rS ½dkU½dkUuav;
xGufoGm;onf/ udkatmifhudk av[yfrdoGm;onf/ vIdufceJ jzpfoGm;\/
ESvHk;av½dkufonf qdkonfrSm 'Dvdkygvm;rod/
xdktcsdefrSmyif taMumfonfBuD;\ vSrf;atmfvdkufoHudk Mum;
&onf/
]]rpdefwifa&...jrefjref jyefvmcJhaemf}}
a[m...oluav;emrnfudk odvdkuf&NyD/ rpdefwifwJh? jrefjrefjyef
vmcJhaemfwJh? 'gqdk oljyefvmOD;rSmyJ/
udkatmifonf taMumfpm;&if; a&aEG;Murf;aomuf&if; pum;
ajym&if; tcsdefqGJaerdonf/ taMumfonfBuD; a':oef;ESihf olonf
avay;ajzmifhaeMuNyD/
]]tarhrvJ rpdefwifudk nn'DrSm ac:odyf&w,f? tarha,musfm;
u rD;aoG;zkwfoGm;aevdkY}}
]]olwdkYtazeJY igeJY armifESr awmfw,f? wlrayghuG,f}}
]][kwfuJhcifAs}}
a':oef;u tukefzGifhajymvdkYom olod&onf/ olYtpGrf;tpESihf
omqdkvQif bmrQod&rnfr[kwf/ ckawmh awmfawmfav; odvkduf&onf/
oluav;u 'DrSm tdyfwmwJh/ naeqdk&if ol'DrSm tNrJ&SdaerSmaygh/

~ 149 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rpdefwifjyefvmonf/ qvwf&GufawGudk Aef;xJodkY xnfhvdkuf


onfESihf wNydKifeuf udkatmifhrsufvHk;rsm;onfvnf; a&jyifnDrsOf;rS
aoGznfí atmufodkY jzKwfceJ usoGm;avonf/
cdk;íMunhfonf/
ajcaxmufudk/
rdef;uav;awGudk 'l;txufrMunhfaumif;bl;vdkY b,folursm;
oifxm;ovJ armifudkatmif/
]][Jh...rpdefwif olu ausmif;om;wJh? tJ rif;emrnfu
b,foluG,fh}}
]][dk'if;...udk...udkatmifygcifAs}}
pum;xpfoGm;aomaMumifh udkdudkatmif jzpfoGm;onf/
]]udkudkatmif [kwfvm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;cifAsm? udkatmifyg}}
]]at;...udkatmifwJh}}
]][kwfuJh&Sihf}}
wjcm;aumifawGqdkvQif ]]awGY&wm 0rf;omygw,f...&efukef
a&muf&ifvJ 0ifygaemf}} bmnmuGduG vkyfayvdrfhrnf/
]]uRefawmf jyefawmhr,fcifAsm}}
ydkufqHay;onf/
zswfceJ cdk;Munfhonf/

~ 150 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

wpfpuúefY\ oHk;yHkwpfyHk tMumwGif rsufvTmudk jyefcsonf/


wpfcsKd;xJ vSnfhxGufvmcJhonf/
'DavmuftqihfudkyJ olYudk,fol awmfawmf[kwfvSNyD xifaerd
onf/ pcef;udk rajy;½Hkwpfrnf jyefvmcJhonf/ olwdkYwJudk vSrf;jrifae&
aomtcgwGif ol ajy;avonf/ rsKd;jrihfvGif r&Sdacs/ vufzuf&nf oGm;
aomufonf[k qdkonf/ vufzuf&nfqdkifudk vdkuf&jyefonf/
'D&GmrSmu vufzuf&nfqdkif&Sdonf/ wpfcGuf wpfusyfcGJ/ rqdk;yg/
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm tusxdkifaeonfudk awGY&\/
]]a[haumif...a[haumif}}
olu tarmwaum 0ifxkdifvdkufonf/
]]bmjzpfwmvJ[? usm;vkdufqGJvdkYvm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;uG? ig emrnfodcJh&NyD...NyD;awmh}}
]][...bmawG vmajymaewmvJ? bmemrnfodwmvJ}}
]][dk...igajymwJh aumifrav;av}}
]][if;...emrnfodwmav;eJYrsm; zD;vfrqif;bJ *&dwfzdkuf &wJh
rsufESmrsKd;eJY}}
rsKd;jrihfvGifonf pdwfr0ifpm;[efaqmifvdkufonf/ udkatmif
rsufESmav; i,foGm;onf/
]]oGm;r,fuGm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu xvdkufonf/

~ 151 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]a[haumif aeygOD;uG}}
]]rif;udk ig vufzuf&nf rwdkufEdkifbl;}}
]]xdkifygOD;uGm? rif;twGufyg ig&Sif;vdkufyghr,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu jyefxdkifonf/
]]uJ...ajymygOD;}}
]]olYemrnfu rpdefwifwJhuG}}
]]bm...rpdefcif [kwfvm;? OD;Mu,feDaum rawGYcJhbl;vm;}}
]][m...rpdefwifyguG}}
]][if...awmemrnfBuD; rpdefwifwJh}}
udkatmif enf;enf; atmifhoGm;onf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu qufajym
jyefonf/
]]'g'g qdk&if Munhf? b,favmufrdwJh emrnfvJ}}
]]b,frSm rdvdkYvJ? 'g'gqdkwm ukvm;vdk tbdk;vdkYajymwm}}
]]...b,fuvm... 'g'gqdkwm ygVdvdk ay;vªjcif;vdkY t"dyÜg,f
&w,f? wu,frGefjrwfwJh emrnfuG? 'gayr,fh 'g'gqdkwJhemrnf jzpfvmyHk
u 'DvdkuG? igu olYudk 'gvif 'gvifvdkY ac:ae&if;uae aemufawmh
cspfpEkd;eJY 'g'gjzpfoGm;wmuG}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu xHk;pHtwdkif; 'g'g#Dum zGifhaejyefonf/ udkatmif
pdwfr&Snfawmh/ qufem;axmifvQif 'g'gBuD;eJY igeJYuGm...wpfcgwkef;u...
qdkwm vmawmhrnf/

~ 152 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]uJ...'gawG xm;prf;ygOD;? olu taMumfonfBuD;&JU wlruG?


nqdk&if tJ'DrSm vmtdyfw,fwJh}}
]][if...rif;u cifAsm; b,frSmtdyfovJvdkY oGm;ar;wmvm;}}
]][m...r[kwfygbl;uGm? ta':BuD;u ajymjyvdkYodwm? NyD;awmh
igeJYoleJYudk rdwfqufay;ao;w,f}}
]][...w,faqmfygvm;? tJ...qufajymygOD;? rif;wdkY bmawG
ajymMuao;vJ}}
]]bmrS rajymbl;? igvJ &SufwmeJY xjyefvmcJhw,f}}
]]aovdkufygawmh[}}
]]tJ'g ig bmqufvkyf&rvJ}}
]]bmrS rvkyfeJY? rif;ESr ighudk ay;vdkuf}}
]]at;av...rif;pdwfu b,fvdk&SdrSef;rS rodbJ igb,fvdk vkyfajym
rvJ}}
]]'DvdkuGm...iguGm...b,fvdkvJ rodbl;}}
]]&Sif;yghuGm}}
]]r[kwfbl;uGm? 'Dvdk ig olYudk rMunhf&Jbl;? 'gayr,fh odyfMunhf
csifwmyJ? NyD;awmh olYa&SUa&muf&if ig b,fvdkjzpfrSef; rodbl;? &ifawG
odyfckefwmyJ? wpfrsKd;BuD;yJuGm? tJ'g ig olYudk cspfaewmvm;uG a[...}}
]]at;uG...jzpfEkdifw,f}}
]]igvJ 'DvdkyJ xifwmyJ? tJ'g ig bmqufvkyf&rvJ}}

~ 153 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]oleJY &if;ESD;atmif t&ifBudK;pm;}}


]]b,fvdk BudK;pm;&rSmvJ}}
]]aeOD;...igar;r,f? olYta':tbGm;BuD;&JU tajctaeuaum}}
]]oabmaumif;w,fuG? NyD;awmh...&Sif;&Sif;bGif;bGif;BuD;? ighudkvJ
Munfw,f}}
udkatmifu NyD;cJhaomtkyfpkrS ausmif;om;wpfa,muf taMumf
ta<u;pm;oGm;yHk? olu aiGpdkufay;vdkufyHk? taMumfonfBuD;ESihf ol
cifrifoGm;yHk? rpdefwifeJY rdwfqufay;yHkwdkYudk ajymjyonf/
]]'Dtwdkif;qdk&if rqdk;ygbl;? 'Dawmh...a[haumif aemufwpfcg
awGY&if taoaumifBuD;vdk raeeJY? pum;av;bmav;ajym? b,fESpfwef;
a&mufNyDvJ? taztaru bmvkyfovJ avQmufar;ayghuGm}}
]][m...tJ'gawGu igodNyD;om;awGyJ}}
]]xlyghuGm? odNyD;om;aum bmjzpfovJ? rif;odwmudk olrS rod
ao;wmyJ? 'DvdkyJ BuHzefar;&rSmaygh}}
]]at;uGm...rif;ajymovdk vkyfr,f}}

Ä Ä Ä

]]b,fESpfwef;a&mufNyDvJ}}
]]uRefr q,fwef;a&mufygNyD&Sifh}}

~ 154 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

oHk;rdepfcefYMumoGm;onf/ bmrS qufrajymjzpf/ udkatmif


wHawG;udk rsKdcsvdkufonf/ ]*vk} [k jrnfoGm;\/ Mum;rsm; Mum;oGm;
ovm;[k ol&SufoGm;onf/
]][kd...rdbrsm;uaum bmtvkyftudkif vkyfygovJ}}
]]tazuawmh udkif;vkyfygw,f? taruawmh wpfcgwpfcg
NrdKUaps;rSm aps;a&mif;ygw,f}}
olwdkYyHkpHrSm jrefrmhtoH awGYqHkcef;vdk jzpfaeonf/
]][kwfuJhcifAsm/ tckvdk jrefrmhtoHudk vma&mufulnDwJhtwGuf
rpdefwifudk aus;Zl;wifygw,f}} [k ajymzdkYom usefawmhonf/
udkatmifhtzdkY pum;ukefoavmuf &SdoGm;avNyD/ rsKd;jrifhvGif
oifay;vdkufwmuvnf; ‘'gyJ r[kwfvm;/
wdwfqdwfrIonf BuD;pdk;íaejyef\/ udkatmifonf vnfacsmif;udk
]t[rf;} vkyfí &Sif;vdkufonf/
]]taroef;u b,foGm;wmvJ}}
]]'DaeY aps;aeYrdkYvkdY NrdKUaps;udkoGm;wm? arSmifavmufrS jyefa&muf
rSm&Sifh}}
atmf...'gaMumihf oluav;u taMumfqdkifudk ula&mif;ay;
aewmudk;? 'gaMumihf wpfa,mufxJ &Sdaewmudk;/
]]tpfudku wuúodkvfausmif;om;vm;}}
]][kwfuJh}}

~ 155 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tvJh...oluvnf; tawmfvmyghvm;/ od&JUom;eJY wuúodkvf


ausmif;om;vm;vdkY ar;onf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifajymaom odNyD;om;ayr,fh
bmjzpfvJ? pum;&SmNyD; ar;ayghuGmqdkaom pum;udk owd&aerdonf/
olu 'Dvdkvm;/
cktcsdefrSm a,musfm;jzpfaom udkatmifu &SufaMumufaeNyD; rdef;r
jzpfaom oluav;u r&SufraMumufacs/
trSefu 'DvdkudpörsKd;wGif r½dk;om;olwdkYonf &SufaMumufaewwf
í ½dk;om;olwdkYonf r&SufraMumufwwfMuaMumif;udk udkatmif rawG;rd
avwum;/
]]&efukefuayghaemf}}
]][kwfuJh}}
]]&efukefuqdk&if NrdKUBuD;om; vlvnfjzpfrSmyJ}}
udkatmif tHhMooGm;\/ 'Davmuftxd pum;udk olajym&Jovm;?
olYudk vrf;aMumif;ay;wmvm;/
½dk;om;yGifhvif;jcif;udk NrdKUom;wdkY em;rvnfacs/
udkatmifhrSm owdåenf;enf;0ifvm\/
olYudk zswfceJ Munhfvdkufonf/
'Dwpfcgawmh oHk;puúefYavmuf Mumonf/
oluav;\ rsufESmwpfckvHk;onf twkr&Sd/ jyifqifzefwD;
jznfhpGufxm;aom twktyrsm;r&SdaMumif;udk qdkvdkygonf/
rsufawmiftwk wyfrxm;acs/

~ 156 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

odkY&mwGif rsufawmifaumh&Snfonf/
rsufcGHudk aq;rqdk;xm;/ rsufvHk;rSm trnf;a&mifrjc,f/
odkY&mwGif rsufvHk;Munfvifonf/
EIwfcrf;rSm aiGjyma&mif qdk;rxm;/
okdY&mwGif EIwfcrf;eDaxG;onf/
rsufESmrSm rdwfuyfr&Sd/
okdY&mwGif oeyfcg;aMumifh rIefí vSonf/
qHyifeuf\/ aemufrSmpkí csnfxm;onf/
atmf...ompnfrSm at;at;vlvl oGm;ae&aomaMumifh aeravmif?
tat;'PfzdpD;jcif;udk rcH&ojzifh oefYoefYuav; vSaejcif; jzpfygrnf/
a&a&vnfvnf vSonf[k rqdkEdkifyg/ vSw,f[k ajymí &½Hkom/ wjcm;
ausmif;om;awGtzdkYawmh pGJrufp&m aumif;csifrS aumif;rnf/
]]uRefawmf jyefygOD;r,f}}
]][kwfuJh&Sihf}}
rsufvHk;csif; wpfcPrQ qHk\/
wuúodkvfausmif;olwkYd\...
trnf;a&miftMunhf?
aiGjyma&miftjyHK;?
yef;Eka&miftoHwdkYonf
udkatmif\ ajczsm;vufzsm;wdkYudkyif tat;rrdapcJh/

~ 157 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

odkY&mwGif tck oluav;\...


tjzLa&mifoufouf tMunhf? tjyHK;? toHwkdYonf udkatmif\
ajczsm;vufzsm;wdkYudk tat;rdap½HkrQru ol\ ESvHk;om;udkyif acR;pdkYap
cJhNyD wum;/

~ 158 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(8)

]]rif;[mu auseyfzG,ftqifh r[kwfao;bl;}}


rsKd;jrifhvGifu oyfacsmif;udk ajrrSm½dkuf&if; ajymvdkufonf/
]]bmvdkaevdkYvJuG}}
]]rif;ajymoavmufqdk&if rif;ubmrS r,fr,f&& rajymcJh&
ao;bl;}}
]][m...csufcsif;BuD;ajymvdkYawmh b,fjzpfrvJuG}}
]]at;yg...[kwfygw,f? 'gayr,fh rif;&JU wkd;wufrIu aES;auG;
w,f? tcsdefu odyf&awmhwmr[kwfbl;? wpfywfausmfausmfyJ usef
awmhwm}}
udkatmif pdk;&drfoGm;avonf/ wpfywfqdkaomtcsdefonf bmrQ
Mumvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ ck[mu aysmfyGJpm;vmwmvnf; r[kwf/ udk,foGm;csif
wkdkif; oGm;vdkYr&/ tvkyftm;csdefusrS/
]]olu ighudk &if;&if;ESD;ESD; pum;ajymwmusawmhaum}}
]][aumif&? rdef;rom;awG&JUoabm[m ½Id;upm;wmvdkyJ[?
arSmufxm;wJhzJudk wGuf&cufovkdyJ &efeiftyfa'gif;jyxm;ayr,hf arSmufzJ
u &SpfBuD; jzpfcsifjzpfaewm? cGqifBuD; qkdayr,fh &Sm;zJeif;NyD; &ef;csif&ef;
aewm? ckvJ rif;udk &if;&if;ESD;ESD; qufqHw,fqdkwmuvJ ½dk;½dk;cifvdkY
jzpfcsifjzpfr,f? tJ...rif;udk pdwf0ifpm;aewmvJ jzpfaumif;jzpfr,f}}
]]tJ'g igb,fvdkvkyf&if aumif;rvJuGm}}

~ 159 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]'geJY igar;yg&apOD;? rif;u aumifrav;udk wu,fcspfae


wmvm;}}
]][muGm...rif;ar;yHkBuD;u}}
]]r[kwfbl;avuGm? rif;u wuúodkvfausmif;om; r[kwfvm;}}
]]tJ'geJY bmqdkifvJ}}
]][dku awmolav}}
]]bmjzpfvJ awmol? wuúodkvfausmif;om;eJYawmol rBudKuf&
bl;vm;}}
]]yHkpHcsif;u rwlbl;av}}
]]rqdkifygbl;uGm}}
]]uJuGm...rif;u wu,f BudKufaeNyD qdkygawmh}}
]]at;...at;uGm}}
]]'gqdk&if igvkdkufajymay;r,f}}
]][m...rif;u vkdufajym&atmif ightazrS r[kwfwm? NyD;awmh
rif;eJYvJ rodbJeJY}}
]]igajymwmu wpfrsKd;yguG? rif;yHkpHeJYqdk&if igwdkYjyefwJh tcsdef
us&ifawmif aeaumif;vm;qdkwJh tqifhu wufrSmr[kwfbl;? tJ'Dawmh
aemufwpfcgoGm;&if igygvdkufrSm? igu pum;vrf;aMumif;ay;r,f?
rif;u ighpum;udk eif;NyD;vdkuf? csufcsif;BuD; cspfw,fajymzdkYawmh r[kwf
bl;ayghuGm? 'gayr,fh wdk;wufrI t&Sdefudk tcsdefwdkwdk twGif;rSm jr§ifhwif
ay;&r,f}}

~ 160 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at;uGm...rif;oabmyJ}}
]]'geJY rif;aumifrav;u wu,fvS&JUvm;uG}}
]]rif; rsufpdxJrSmawmh 'g'gvdk qHyifzm;vsm; r[kwfawmh
vSw,fvdkY ajymcsifrS ajymr,f? at;av...rif;vdkufMunhfawmh awGYrSmaygh}}
]]a[haumifawG oyfEkwfNyD; vdkufcJhawmhuG? bmawGusdwfBuHaeMu
ovJ rodbl;}}
]]naeus&if &GmxJuqkdifrSm oGm;aomufrvdkYxifw,f}}
]]igwdkYudk rac:&ifawmh todyJ}}
jrifhaomif;wdkY qefeDwdkYu vSrf;atmfMuaomaMumifh olwdkY oyf
EkwfNyD; vkdufoGm;&onf/
olwdkYvkyf&onfrSm oyf½dkufNyD;vQif wdyfBudK;udk qGJ&onf/ vdktyf
aom tuGmta0;wGif oyfwpfck xyf½dkuf/ wdyfBudK;qdkonfrSm trSeftm;
jzihf tuGmta0; twdtus&Sdaom tqpftydkif;wdkY yg0ifonfh oHBudK;
jzpf&rnf/ ckawmh 'Dvdkr[kwf/ oHBudK;r&Sd? roHk;Edkif/ *kefeDBudK; odkYr[kwf
&&mBudK; wpfrsKd;rsKd;udkyif oHk;&onf/ BudK;\ t&Snf twdkif;twmudkyif
rSwfí oHk;&onf/ ayig;q,fudk wpfjyef? q,faypDjcm;í trSwftom;
vkyfxm;&onf/
olwdkYtwGuf owfrSwfxm;aom {&d,monf wpfrdkifywfvnf/
xdke,fajrtwGif;&Sd ausmufrsm;\ tajctaeudk avhvm&rnf/ wpfrdkif
ywfvnfudk aphaphpyfpyfjzpfatmif pepfwus aqmif&Guf&onf/
{&d,m\ taemuftpGef;rS prnfqdkvQif xdkae&mrSpí ta&SUpl;pl;
odkY ayig;q,fwjyefpD oyf½dkuf? wdyfBudK;udkqGJNyD; ausmufawGMunhf? wdkif;

~ 161 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

p&mwdkif;? rSwfp&mrSwf? wpfrdkifjynhfvQif ajrmufpl;pl;odkY ayig;q,f wjyef


wuf? xkdaemuf taemufpl;pl;odkY wpfrdkif/ xdkrS ajrmufpl;pl;odkYayig;q,f?
wzef ta&SUpl;pl;odkY wpfrkdif/ ajryHkay:&Sd udk,fus&m *&pfvdkif;twGif;
uGefywftultnDjzifh vkyfMu&onf/
]]rif;wdkY cke bmwdkifyifaewmvJ}}
0dkif;aomfu pyfpkvdkufonf/ udkatmif rsufESmysufoGm;onf/
‘'DaumifawG odvkdYrjzpf/ odvQif avmifvdkYqHk;rnf r[kwf/
]]bmrS r[kwfygbl;uG}}
]]at;yg rajym&ifaeaygh? 'gayr,fh igwdkY ypfwdkif;axmif tzGJY
taMumif; odw,fr[kwfvm;? bmyJvkyfvkyf tm;vHk;udk wdkifyifNyD;rS
vkyf&w,f? vQKdNyD;vkyfvdkY r&bl;? aemufrS igwdkYudk tqdk;rqdkeJY}}
udkatmif vefYoGm;onf/ 'DaumifawGudk zGifhajymvdkuf&if aumif;
rvm;[k pOf;pm;rdonf/ awmfMum olwdkYudk rajym&aumif;vm;qdkNyD;
r[kwfu[kwfu avQmufvkyfrSm pdk;&onf/ odkY&mwGif vltm;vHk;a&SUrSm ol
zGifhajym&rSm &Sufaeonf/ awmfawmfc&D;a&mufrSyJ ajymawmhrnf[k
qHk;jzwfvdkufavonf/
]]uJ...taygif;toif;wdkY um;vrf;buf wufr,f}}
]]a&ylprf;udk oGm;Mu&atmif? tJ'DrSm xrif;pm;r,f}}
]]a&ylprf; [kwfvm;? rif;odvdkYvm;}}
]]odwmayghuG? tJ'DrSm odyfom,mw,f}}
qvdkif;u OD;aqmifí xGufvmcJhMuonf/ um;vrf;ay:a&mufí
*dkufwpf&mcefY avQmufrdcsdefrSmyif aemufrS ppfum;wpfpD; armif;vmonf

~ 162 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udk awGY&onf/ olwdkYu vufjyí wm;vdkufonf/ um;onf olwdkY 0wfpHk


rsm;udk jrifonfESihf ausmif;om;awGrSef; odaomaMumifh &yfay;vdkufonf/
olwdkYonf a&ylprf;qDodkY xdkum;BuHKjzifh vdkufcJhMuavonf/
a&ylprf;onf awmifurf;yg,HrS pdrfhxGufaejcif;jzpfonf/ 'Dbuf
rSm ½dk;½dk;acsmif; &Sdonf/ a&ylprf;rS a&ylrsm;onf ½dk;½dk;acsmif;twGif;odkY
pD;0ifaeonf/ a&ylprf;rS pdrfhxGufa&rsm;udk tkwfuefuav;vkyfí avSmif
xm;ay;onf/
]]a&ylprf;jzpfvmyHkudk odMu&JUvm;? ajratmufa&awG[muGm? ylwJh
wGefYacgufajrvTmtwGif; a&mufoGm;awmh ylvmwmaygh? NyD;awmh acsmf&nf
ylawG cJoGm;wJhtcgrSmvnf; tJ'DacsmfrSmyg0ifwJh a&ylawG[m odyfylvmwJh
tcg a&aEG;aiGYoabmrsKd;jzpfNyD; ql<uvmw,f? yl&ifus,fjyefYwJh oabm
twkdif; a&ylawG[m jyefYum;vmwmayghuGm? tJ'Da&awG[m tufaMumif;
awGuwpfqifh pdrfhxGufvmawmh a&ylprf; jzpfvmwmayghuG}}
]]awmfygayw,fuGm? igwdkY yxrESpfwkef;u tJ'gawG roifcJh&bl;
xifw,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu aighvdkuf\/
]]at;yguG? rif;wdkY arhoGm;NyDrSwfvdkY jyefajymjywmyg}}
udkatmifonf a&ylueftwGif;odkY vufEIdufMunfhonf/
]]trav;...awmfawmfylygvm;[}}
]]ylwmayghuG? aem&pfcsKdihf0Srf;rSmqdk&if 265ay teufudk wl;Munhf
wm tylcsdef 401 'D*&Dzm&if[dkuf &Sdw,fwJhuG}}
]][m qvdkif; awmfawmf awmfwmyJuG? twdtus rSwfrdw,f}}

~ 163 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rSwfrdwmayghuG? 'Daumifu wpfwef;wpfwef;udk ESpfESpfavmuf


aecJhwmyJ}}
]]at;uGm? xl;qef;vdkufwm? 'Da&ylprf;u a&ylusawm ylvdkuf
wm? [dkbufuacsmif;a&usawmh at;vdkufwm a&cJa&usaewmyJ}}
]]tyleJYtat;[m wpfae&mxJrSm vm&Sdaew,f}}
]]'g 0da&m"d w&m;ayghuG}}
]][...w,faqmfygvm;? qufajymygOD; q&mqvdkif;&JU}}
]]xrif;pm;&if;eJY ajymwmayghuGm}}
xrif;pm;zdkY 0dkif;xdkifvdkufMuonf/ [ef;aumawGudkzGifhvdkufonf/
bJO[if;? tdrfu,lvmcJhaom ig;ydaMumfawG? trJom;aMumfawGum; r&Sd
awmhNyD/ pa&mufvdkY wpfywfcefYtMumrSmyif ukefoGm;cJhonf/ jrifhaomif;
qDrSm oHyk&moD;oeyf enf;enf; usefonf/ wpfa,mufwpfzwfpDavmuf
rQí pm;&onf/ ckvdk yifyifyef;yef; jzpfaecsdefrSm oHyk&moD;oeyf csOfcsOf
uav;onf olwdkYudk tarmajyoGm;ap\/
]]ig; rpm;&wmrsm; awmfawmfMumNyDuGm}}
qefeDonf cspfrsufrSefxrif;bl;xJrS awGY&wwfaom ig;aMumfrsm;
udk owd&pGm ajymvdkufonf/ cktcsdefrSmom cspfrsufrSefonf xrif;bl;
av;udkifí ajy;vmvQif b,favmufrsm; aumif;vdkufvSygrnfenf;/
tif;vsm;aqmifrkefYaps;wef;rS tpHkokyf0,f? xrif;wpfvkwf? tpHkokyf
wpfvkwf? ig;aMumfwpfzJh? odkY&mwGif bJOum; ig;aMumfr[kwfacs/
udkatmifurl ig;aMumfudkvnf; owdr&/ bJuifudkvnf; owd
r&/ olYrsufpdxJwGif *sL;aMumfrsm;om jrifaeavonf/

~ 164 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]qvdkif;...qufajymygOD;uG? 0da&m"dtaMumif;}}
]]0da&m"dqdkwmu...'DvdkavuGm? oabmobm0csif; rwlwJh t&m
awG[m tcsif;csif;qufEG,faeNyD; wpfNydKifwnf;rSmyJ tcsif;csif; qefYusif
aewmudk ajymwm}}
]]qufEG,fNyD; qefYusifaewm [kwfvm;}}
]]at;ayghuG? qefYusifbufawG[m tNrJwrf; 'GefwGJNyD; jzpfay:
aew,f? cGJjcm;xm;vdkY r&bl;/ Oyrm tyleJYtat;uGm? olwdkY[m oabm
obm0tm;jzifh qefYusifaew,f? 'gayr,fh cGJjcm;xm;vdkY r&bl;?
Munhfav...tylqdkwm r&SdbJeJY tat;qdkwm &SdEdkifyghrvm;? ylw,fqdkwmudk
odwJhtcgusrS tJ'DtyleJY EIdif;,SOfNyD; oleJY qefYusifaewJht&mudk tat;vdkY
ac:Edkifwmaygh? 'DvdkyJ tvif;eJYtarSmif? tjzLeJYtrnf;? tqdk;eJYtaumif;...
wu,fawmh 0da&m"dw&m;qdkwm rwnfhtwlae qdkwJhoabmyJuG}}
]]vlBuD;awGeJY vli,fawGvdkaygh}}
jrifhaomif;u pum;pwpfckudk vrf;aMumif;ay;vdkufonf/
]]rif;ajymwm [kwfoifhoavmufawmh [kwfygw,f? 'gayr,fh
vlBuD;awGeJY vli,fawG[m 0da&m"djzpfaew,fvdkYawmh ajymvdkYr&bl;?
vlBuD;wcsKdUeJY vli,fawG[m tcsKdUae&mawGrSm 0da&m"djzpfaew,fvdkYawmh
ajymvdkY&w,f}}
]][kwfw,f...[kwfw,f? wcsKdUvlBuD;awGusawmh wdkYeJY tjrifcsif;
wlwJhae&mawG trsm;BuD;&SdwmyJ? 'gayr,fh wcsKdUvlBuD;awGusawmh...}}

~ 165 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]wcsKdUvlBuD;awGusawmh wzufowfusvGef; tm;BuD;w,f?


vli,fawG&JUoabmudk em;rvnfbl;? qHyif&Snf &SnfjyefNyD? tusÐusyf&if
usyfjyefNyD? abmif;bD0wf&if 0wfjyefNyD? pwD&D,dkoDcsif;qdk&if qdkjyefNyD}}
]]at;uGm? olwdkYu tay:pD;ucsnf; MunhfcsifaeMuwm}}
]]at;...[kwfw,f? awmifxdyfay:uMunhf&if awmifatmufu
vludk ao;ao;uav;yJ jrif&ovdk awmifatmufuMunfh&ifvJ awmifay:
uvludk ao;ao;uav;yJ jrif&rSmyJ}}
]]awmifay:ucsnf;MunfhvdkY b,fjzpfrvJ? awmifatmufudkvJ
qif;Munhfoifhwmaygh}}
]]igwdkYvdkvli,fawGusawmh awmifay:udk wufMunhfcGifh r&Sdbl;
uG? bmvdkYqdk igwdkY[m vlBuD;rS rjzpfao;wm}}
]]'DvdkuG? vlBuD;awGeJYvli,fawG rwlwJhtcsufu vli,fawGu
ESvHk;om;udk tm;udkw,f? vlBuD;awGu OD;aESmufudk tm;udk;w,f?
ESvHk;om;u jywfom;w,f? 'gayr,fh qifjcifrIr&Sdbl;? OD;aESmufuawmh
qifjcifwwfw,f? ESvHk;om;&JU jywfom;rIudk OD;aESmufu qifjcifppfaq;
ay;&w,f? tJ...'gayr,fh qifjcifvGef;tm;BuD;&if awGa0vmwwfw,f?
tpdk;&drfBuD;vmwwfw,f}}
]]vlBuD;awG[m rpGefYpm;EdkifMuawmhbl;? 'Dawmh jzpfoifhwmu
vli,fawG&JU pGefYpm;rIudk cGifhjyK&r,f? tJ'DpGefYpm;rIawGudk vrf;rSm; ra&muf
atmif ppfaq;xdef;ausmif;ay;½HkyJ &Sdw,f}}
]]trSefuawmh vli,fawGeJYvlBuD;wcsKdUeJY rajyrvnf jzpfaeMu&
wm[m vli,fawG&JUpGef;pm;vdkpdwfeJY vlBuD;awG&JU tpdk;&drfBuD;wJhpdwfwdkY
[m o[ZmwjzpfbJ oabmxm;uGJvGJaeMuvdkYyJuG}}

~ 166 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmif\acgif;xJodkY pdk;&drfpdwfuav;onf zswfceJ 0ifa&muf


vm\/ olYudpöukdom q&m odoGm;vQif...
q&monf vlBuD;jzpfygonf r[kwfvm;/

Ä Ä Ä

]]'gu uRefawmfholi,fcsif; rsKd;jrihfvGifwJh? uRefawmfwdkYtkyfpk


acgif;aqmifaygh}}
]][kwfuJh...ckvdkod&wm 0rf;omygw,f}}
]][kwfuJh&Sihf}}
rsKd;jrihfvGifu rpdefwifudk tuJcwfí Munfhonf/ olMunhfyHku
pl;&JvGef;vSonf/ tcef; AE-3 u aumifrav;awGudk twef;tjyifuae
MunhfyHkrsKd;/ udkatmifu tm;emaeonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif\ ajcaxmufudk olY
ajcaxmufjzihf cwfí odyftMunhfr&J&ef owday;vdkufonf/
rsKd;jrifhvGifu udkatmifhudk *½krpdkufacs/
]]udkatmifu ajymvGef;vdkY vdkufvmwmyg}}
rsKd;jrifhvGif\pum;udk udkatmif vefYoGm;onf/ ajcaxmufudk
zdeif;í xm;vdkuf\/
]]tm;...tJ...'Dqdkifu taMumfodyfaumif;wmyJvdkY ajymvGef;vdkY vm
pm;Munhfwmyg? [kwfygw,f? awmfawmfaumif;wmyJ? &efukerf Sm 'Dvdk
aumif;wmrsKd; r&Sdbl;}}

~ 167 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]odyftaumif;BuD;vJ r[kwfygbl;&Sif? &efukefudkawmh b,frSDygh


rvJ}}
]][m...b,f[kwfrvJ? 'Du ydkaumif;w,f? 'DvdktaMumfrsKd; wpfcg
rS rpm;bl;ao;bl;? MunhfygOD;? bl;oD;aMumfav;awGu odyfvSwmyJ?
rdef;uav;wpfa,muf&JU vufacsmif;av;wG usaewmyJ}}
rsKd;jrifhvGif\ pum;rsm;um; &Jwif;í vmaeNyD/ udkatmifonf
wm;vdkYvnf; r&/ bmvkyf&rSef;vnf; rod/ bmajym&rSef;vnf; rod/
acgif;udkom iHkYxm;\/
]]bl;oD;uyJ aumif;vdkYvm;? aMumfwJhvluyJ awmfvdkYvm;awmh
rodbl;}}
]]aMumfwJhvl awmfwm jzpfrSmyg&Sif}}
]]tJ...[kwfr,f [kwfr,f}}
]]'g uRefr BuD;BuD; aMumfwmav}}
udkatmifonf acgif;udk wpfzufodkYvSnfhí &,f\/ rsKd;jrihfvGif
uawmh £a`E´yif rysufacs/
]]a[haumif...rif;u ighudk ac:vmNyD;awmh bmrSvJ rajymbl;?
igcsnf; ajymae&wmyJ}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu tpaxmifvdkufonf/ udkatmifu bmajym&rSef;
rod/ rsKd;jrifhvGifudk Munhfí oGm;NzJjyonf/
]]a[haumif...bm&,fwmvJ}}

~ 168 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kd...aMumfwJhvlu vSwm? tJ...r[kwfbl;? aMumfwJhvlu


awmfwm}}
udkatmifhpum;rsm;onf ta,mifa,mif trSm;rSm; xGufukef\/
rsKd;jrifhvGifu &,fonf/ rpdefwifuvnf; &,fonf/ udkatmifum;
&SufvGef;vSojzifh ckyif xajy;vdkufcsifonf/ bl;oD;aMumf wpfckudk,lí
t&Sufajy udkufpm;aeonf/ olonf rpdefwifudk rMunhf&Jawmhacs/
]]tJ'gom MunhfygawmhAsm? uRefawmhfoli,fcsif;u odyf½dk;wmAs?
tJ'gaMumifhvJ ckxd wpfudk,fwnf; vlysKdBuD; jzpfaewmaygh}}
]]aMomf...udkrsKd;jrifhvGifuawmh tdrfaxmifeJYvm;}}
]]tJ...r[kwfygbl;...'gayr,fhvJ...t[J}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifwdkYuawmh oGufygayh/ toGufvGefvGef;vdkYawmifrS
cufaeao;onf/
]]udkatmifuawmhav...uRefawmfwdkYtxJrSm ½dk;vJ t½dk;qHk;? pmvJ
tawmfqHk;...}}
]][m...rawmfygbl;...rawmfygbl;}}
]]rif;uvJuGm? awmfvdkYawmfw,f ajymwm &Sufp&mrSm r[kwfbJ?
r[kwfbl;vm;Asm}}
]][kwfygw,f&Sifh}}
]]tJ...NyD;awmh uRefawmfwdkYtxJrSm 'Daumif tacsmqHk;}}
]]uRefawmfwdkY jyefawmhr,f}}

~ 169 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmifu twif; EIwfqufNyD; xonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifvnf;


raeomojzifh xvdkufcJh&onf/ udkatmifum; acsmif;uav;udk vGefonf
txd okwfajcwifí avQmufvmonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif trSDvdkuf&av\/
]]ratay;...bmawG avQmufajymaerSef; rodbl;}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJuG}}
]]rif; ajymyHkawGu ay:wifBuD;awG? igeJYolYudk axmifay;aerSef;
odyfodomvGef;w,f}}
]][...odatmif vkyfygw,fqdkaerS...rif;uvJ}}
]]'gayr,fh...rif;[mu ckyJawGYw,f? ckyJ axmifvmw,fqdkawmh
olYudk rav;pm;&mvJ a&mufvmw,f? igvJ odu©musw,f}}
]]a[haumif...'gukefypönf; odkavSmifwm r[kwfbl;uG? BudKufaps;
&atmif apmifhaevdkY&wm r[kwfbl;? tcsdefr&Sdbl;[? ckqdkMunhf... bmyJ
jzpfjzpf olu rif;taMumif;udk enf;enf;yg;yg;awmh &dyfrdoGm;rSmyJ? aemuf
wpfqifhwufzdkYyJ usefawmhw,f}}
]][muGm...igawmh aemufwpfcg b,fvdk rsufESmjy&rSef;awmif
rodawmhbl;}}
]]acG;aumif...rif;ckxd xlwkef;yJvm;? tJ'geJYyJ rajymvdkuf&aebJ
aevdrfhr,f? tcspfqdkwm vufzufvdkyJ? vufzufqdkwm txkyfudk
ajzNyD;&if csufcsif; okyfpm;&w,f? Mum&if rIdwufoGm;a&m? tcspfvJ
'DvdkyJ? cspfvmNyDqdk&if csufcsif; zGifhajym&w,f? Mum&if
rIdwufoGm;wwfw,f}}
]][muGm...tcspfu rIdwuf&w,fvdkY}}

~ 170 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][...wufwmayghuG? ckvJ rif;&JUtcspf[m roHk;bJxm;wJh


"m;topfvdkYyJ? NyD;awmh rif;&JUESvHk;om;[m vlawG &SmazGrawGYao;wJh
ajrBuD;xJrSm jrKyfaewJh owåKodkufwpfckvdkyJ}}
]]'gayr,fh igh&JUtcspf[m oufEkausmufvdkyJ? oufEktcspfrsKd;
yguGm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf udkatmifhudk wtHhwMo Munhfvkdufonf/ olY
pum;u awmifajymifvdkufvSygwum;/ uAsmuav;wpfyk'fvdk yguvm;/
tcspfonf vlwdkYudk uAsmq&m jzpfapEkdifovm; rod/
]][...w,faqmfygvm; udkatmif&? rif;pum;av;u uAsmav;
wpfyk'fvdkygvm;? 'gayr,fh igajymr,foli,fcsif;? rif;&JU tcspfudk oufEk
tcspfu toGifajymif;oGm;wJh ouf&ihftcspftjzpfyJ jrifcsifw,f? rD;oihf
tcspfrsKd; rjzpfapcsifbl;? wdkYjyefoGm;wJhtxd rif;&JUtcspfudk zGifhrajymvdkuf
&&ifawmh emr,foli,fcsif;? a&a&vnfvnf emr,f}}
udkatmif pdk;&drfoGm;jyef\/ tjrefqHk; zGifhajymoifhonf[k xifrd
jyefonf/ wNydKifeufxJrSmyif aMumufpdwfu 0ifa&mufvmjyefonf/
]]udkatmifaemf tcsdef odyfr&Sdawmhbl;? rif; rMum;zl;bl;vm; Slow
and steady waits for no man qdkwm}}

]][muGm Slow and steady wins the race yguG}}


]]r[kwfbl;? tJ'gawGu atmufoGm;NyD? jznf;jznf;rSefrSef vkyfae
vdkY b,fvdkvkyf EdkifrSmvJ? ck rm&oGefacwf r[kwb f l;? rDwmwpf&m
'kef;ajy;wJh acwfuG}}

~ 171 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

jzpfEkdifonf/ ckacwfonf tvGefvsifjrefaomacwf/ at;at;


aq;aq; jznf;jznf;ayghqdkvdkYr&/ r&SdvkdYvkyfpm;wm jrefjrefvkyfrS jzpfrnf/
]0rf;wl;o&D;'dkif;} qdkNyD;vkyfrS awmfawmhrnf/
udkatmifonf oltodcsifaeqHk; pum;wpfcGef;udk ar;&efBuHonf/
odkY&mwGif EIwfrS csufcsif;xGufrvm/ ar;vdkufvdkY ][ifhtif;} qdkvQif
cufrnf/ tif;av odyfodcsifaeawmhvnf; ar;&awmhrSmaygh/ rsKd;jrifhvGif
udk r&Jw&J ar;onf/
]]aumifrav;u vS&JUvm;uG}}
]]tif;...rqdk;ygbl; vSygw,f}}
udkatmifhajcaxmufonf avxJodkY ajrmuf<uoGm;ovdk jzpf
oGm;\/ ol 0rf;omoGm;onf/
]]rsKd;jrihfvGif vufzuf&nf 0ifaomuf&atmif}}
]]ighrSm...}}
]]ig wdkufyghr,fuG}}

Ä Ä Ä

&GmrSm 0ufom;ay:aomaMumifh 'DaeY 0ufom;[if; pm;&onf/


0ufom;rpm;&wm MumNyDjzpfygí tvGef0rf;omMuonf/ [if;&nfum;
awmfawmfcsKd\/ csKdvGef;ru xl;uJpGm csKd\/

~ 172 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][...[if;&nfu csKdvScsnfvm;?... wpfxkyfvHk;rsm; xnfhxm;


ovm;rodbl;}}
tom;wHk;udk tm;&yg;& udkufzJh\/ 0g;Munhfonf/ rsufESmwdkY
onf wnfNidrfí oGm;Muonf/ pl;prf;onfh rsufESmrsm;/
]]a[haumifawG tom;wHk;u a&eHqDapmf eHovm; rodbl;}}
]]at;uG? igwdkYvJ tJ'gajymrvdkY}}
wjznf;jznf; [dkuwpfayguf 'Duwpfayguf toHxGufvmonf/
qlnHp jyKvmonf/
q&m a&mufvm\/
]]q&m 0ufom;wHk;awGu a&eHqDapmfeHw,f}}
]][kwfw,fq&m}}
]]at;uG? igvJ tJ'gar;rvdkYvmwm? ac:prf;ygOD;uG}}
xrif;csufBuD;udk ac:onf/ xrif;csufBuD;um; rsufpdrsufESm
ysufae\/
]]b,fvdkjzpfwmvJAsm}}
q&mu ar;onf/ xrif;csufBuD;\ rsufESmrSm wpfckckudk
zHk;uG,fxm;&aMumif; odomvSonf/
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ q&m}}
]]0ufom;awGu a&eHqDapmfeHw,fAsm}}

~ 173 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

xrif;csufBuD;u trSefudk 0efcH\/ 0ufom;awGudke,fzdkY qD


avmif;xnfhvdkuf&mwGif qDyHk;ESihf a&eHqDyHk; rSm;oGm;aomaMumifh a&eHqD
awG 0ifukefaMumif;? teHYaysmufatmif rqvmrsm;rsm;xnfhxm;aMumif;/
ausmif;om;rsm;onf 0ufom;wHk;rsm;udk ESajrmwopGm Munhfae
Muavonf/ wpfcgwavav; pm;&wm? ckawmh ypf&rSmvnf; tqDeJY
0if;0if;? pm;&rSmuvnf; a&eHqDapmfeHeH/ wwfEdkifygbl;av? usdwfrSdwfNyD;
wG,f&awmhrSmyJ/
udkatmifuawmh odyf*½krpdkufacs/ 0ufom;wHk;awGudk vTwfypf
vkdufonf/ bm&rvJuGm/ taMumfoGm;pm;rSmaygh/
taMumfqdkifrSm taroef;vnf; &Sdonf/ vloHk;av;a,muf
taMumfpm;aeMuonf/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;uwnf;u 0wfpHkawGudk jrifaeaom
aMumifh blrdaA'ausmif;om;awGrSef; odvdkuf\/ rpdefwifonf
ausmif;om;rsm;ESihf &TifjypGm pum;qdkaeonf/ olrBudKuf/
tem;a&mufrS xdkausmif;om;rsm;onf xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYtkyfpk
jzpfrSef; od&onf/ ol ajcvSrf;wHkYoGm;\/ xGef;rif;ausmf\ toHudk
Mum;&onf/
]]'Dqdkifu taMumf 'Davmufaumif;rSef; rodbl;? uRefawmfwdkY
aeYwdkif; vmpm;rSmAsaem}}
udkatmifonf vSnhfjyef&ef [efjyifvdkufonf/ odkY&mwGif rpdef
wifu olYudk jrifoGm;\/
]]a[m...vmav tpfudk}}
rwwfomaomaMumifh 0ifxdkifvdkuf&onf/

~ 174 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]b,fwkef;u a&mufaewmvJ}}
xGef;rif;ausmfudk EIwfquf&if; jyHK;jyvdkuf&onf/ rcsdjyHK;/
]]ckeyJ}}
xGef;rif;ausmfu jyefí jyHK;jyonf/ rJhjyHK;/
xGef;rif;ausmf\ tMunhfudk olodonf/ bmvm½IyfjyefNyDvJ
qkdaom tMunhf/
trSefawmh rif;wdkYom ½Iyfwm/
rif;wdkYom cvkwf/
rif;wdkYom tyfcsnf/
rif;wdkYom trIduf/
rpdefwifu udkatmihfa&SUrSm *sL;aMumfyef;uefudk vmcsay;onf/
]]a[m...ckeuawmh *sL;aMumf ukefNyDqdkAs}}
xGef;rif;ausmf\ toHudk Mum;&onf/
]]aMomf...[dk...'Dtpfudku reufuxJu rSmxm;vdkY csefxm;&wm
yg&Sifh}}
rpdefwifu tm;empGm &Sif;jyonf/ udkatmifu xGef;rif;ausmfudk
wpfcsuf pdkufMunhf\/ xGef;rif;ausmfu rxDw&DjyHK;onf/
]]bl;oD;aMumfawGu at;pufaewmyJ}}

~ 175 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

xGef;rif;ausmfu &,fvdkufonf/ udkatmifonf olYvufrsm;udk


tusÐtdwfxJ xdk;xnfhxm;vdkuf&onf/ odkYr[kwfvQif ol qGJxdk;ypfrd
vdrhfrnf/
]]ckeurS q,fwmyg&Sif}}
]]'gayr,fh raumif;bl;? rpm;awmhbl;? oGm;awmhr,f}}
xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYtkyfpk xGufoGm;\/ udkatmif tHusdwf&if; usefcJh
onf/ olwdkYtjzpfudk rpdefwifu &dyfrd[efwlonf/ rsufESm raumif;vS/
tMuD;oef;onf wJtwGif;odkY 0ifoGm;onf/
rpdefwifonf ',ftdk;xJu taMumfrsm;udk txufatmufvSef
aeonf/ udkatmifonf rpdefwifvkyforQudk pdkufMunhfonf/ pum;
wpfcGef;rS rajymacs/ olYrsufESmu rIefukyfukyf&Sdonf/ tvdkrus/
]]tpfudku bmjzpfaewmvJ}}
udkatmifu bmrSjyefrajymacs/
]][ifvdkY}}
udkatmif acgif;cgonf/
]]bmpdwfqdk;p&m awGYvkdYvJ}}
]]bmrS rawGYygbl;}}
]]uRefrudk pdwfqdk;wmvm;[if}}
rpdefwiftoHonf 0rf;enf;oHygonfxif\/ udkatmif raeEdkif
awmhacs/ jyHK;jyvkduf&onf/ csufcsif;jyefwnfvdkufonf/
]]ckeaumifawGu bmajymoGm;wmvJ}}

~ 176 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]bmrS r[kwfygbl;? &efukefa&muf&if 0ifygvdkY ajymoGm;wmyg}}


]]'DaumifawGeJY ta&mr0ifeJY? olwdkYu vl½IyfawG}}
ajymNyD;rS rSm;rsm; rSm;oGm;ovm;[k pdk;&drfrdonf/ ausmif;om;
tcsif;csif; odu©mcsovdkrsm; jzpfoGm;rvm;[k awG;rdonf/ odkY&mwGif
rpdefwifu olYudk axmufcHonf/
]][kwfw,f? olwdkYrsufESmawGu tydk;raobl;? pyfNzJNzJeJY}}
tpfudkYvdk wnfwnfNidrfNidrf r[kwfbl;[k olajymcsifaeovm;
rod/ rnfodkYyifjzpfygap udkatmif aysmfoGm;jyefavonf/ olYrsufESm &Gifys
vmonf/
]]tpfudk ckeu bmjzpfwmvJ[if}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]rsufESmu rIefukyfukyfeJY wpfckckudk pdwfqdk;ovdkyJ}}
]]r[kwfygbl;}}
]][kwfygw,f? uRefru olwdkYudk ta&m0ifw,f xifvdkYvm;}}
]]uRefawmfu pdk;&drfvdkYyg}}
]]&Sif}}
]]r[kwfbl;av;? [dkOpöm uRefawmfu [kd'if;jzpfrSm pdk;vdkY [dk
[mav}}
]][...[ bmjzpfwmvJ[}}
]]bmrSjzpfwm r[kwfbl;? rD;avmifwm}}

~ 177 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

a[m...aMu;pnfoH/ aMu;pnfoH/ udkatmifh aemufbufrSay:vm


aom aMu;pnfoH? aemufudk vSnfhrMunhfaomfvnf; olYcspfoil ,fcsif;awG
a&mufvmNyDjzpfaMumif;udk udkatmif odvkdufonf/
]][m;[m;...'Daumifu 'DrSmvmNyD; rD;avmifaewmudk;uG}}
olwdkYa&mufvmMuonf/ 0ifxdkifonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif acgif;aqmif
NyD; ac:vmwmjzpf&rnf/ 'Daumif opömazmuf/ jrifhaomif;u aq;aygh
vdyf wpfvdyfudk xkwfí udkatmihftem;wdk;vmonf/
]]udkatmif...rD;wwdkYavmuf}}
]]rD;n§dcsif&if 'DrSm rD;jcpf&Sdygw,f&Sifh}}
rpdefwifonf olwdkYtxmudk em;rvnfaomaMumifh rD;jcpfudk
xkwfay;onf/ udkatmifuawmh rsufpdrsufESmysufaeNyD/ 'DaumifawG
b,favmufxd qufavmifaervJrod/ odkY&mwGif rsKd;jrifhvGifu rsuf&dyfjy
í wm;vkdufaomaMumifh qufravmifawmhacs/
]]udkatmif igwdkYudk taMumfauR;rvm;}}
'g Ncdrf;ajcmufwm/ rauR;&if avmifvdkuf&rvm;vdkY ajymwm/
]]auR;yghr,fuGm}}
udkatmifu rsufESmi,fav;ESihf ajym\/
]]tdkau...bl;oD;aMumfay;yg}}
]]iSufaysmfaMumf}}
]]uRefawmfhudk tmvl;}}
udkatmif wpfq,feD;yg; xGufoGm;onf/

~ 178 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

pcef;udkjyefa&mufawmh ppfaMuma&; pvkyfMuavonf/ qvdkif;


u pwif ar;jref;onf/
]]uJ...armifudkatmif rif;&JUqE´tavsmuf ajzmifhcsufay;rvm;?
igwdkYu ar;&rvm;}}
]]igu bmudk ajym&rSmvJ}}
]]aMomf...'Dvdkvm;? 'gjzifh igwdkYuyJ ar;&wmaygh? rif; [dkaumifr
av;udk oGm;zefaewm r[kwfvm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;uGm}}
]]rnmeJYaemf? igwdkYrSm oufao tvHktavmuf&Sdw,f}}
udkatmifu rsKd;jrifhvGifudk vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu
oGm;NzJjy\/
]]wpfckck xdefcsefxm;r,f rBuHeJY? jyefac:oufoufawGyg ac:
vdkufr,f}}
]]rsKd;jrifh rif; avQmufajymwm r[kwfvm;}}
udkatmifu &Suf&rf;&rf;&if; ajymvdkufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif\ ukyf
udk qGJudkifxm;onf/
]]ajymavuGm rsKd;jrihf? rif;ajymwm r[kwfvm;}}
]]at;...[kwfw,fuG? 'DaumifawGu rif;...rif;taMumif;udk ajym
rjy&if ig 'DrSm aumifrav;awGeJY ½Iyfw,fqdkNyD; 'g'gBuD;udk jyefajymr,f
qdkvdkY}}

~ 179 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmifu rsKd;jrifhvGif\ qHyifrsm;udk qGJaqmifhaeonf/


jrifhaomif;u 0ifwm;vdkufonf/
]]awmfawmh a[haumif? wu,fawmh 'DudpörSm udkatmifu opöm
azmufwm? igwdkYtzGJYu bmyJvkyfvkyf tm;vHk;udk today;&w,fqdkwm
rif;odom;eJY}}
]][kwfw,f? 'g pnf;urf;azmufwm}}
]]'Daumifhudk tzGJYu xkwfypf&r,f}}
wpfa,mufwpfayguf 0dkif;qlMuonf/ udkatmifu rsufESmi,f
uav;ESihf rsufvHkuav; uv,fuv,f vkyfaeonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu 'D
udpöudk ol ajz&Sif;rS awmfawmhrnf[k qHk;jzwfvdkufonf/
]]aeMuygOD;av? udkatmifhtaMumif;vJ od&JUom;eJY? 'DaumifhrSm u
urÇmysufcgeD;rS vljzpfvmovdk a,mifwda,mift jzpfaewm? tJ
NyD;awmhvJ rjrifzl; rl;jrifxif? raomufzl;awmh bD,mudk t&ufxif
qdkwmvdk jzpfaewm}}
qvdkif;u EIwfcrf;udk vQmjzifh oyfvkdufonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu
vufumjyvdkufonf/
]]aeOD;? aeOD;? igajymwm em;axmifOD;/ 'Daumifu tckudpörSm
yxrqHk;qdkawmh odyf&SufNyD; rif;wdkYudk zGifhrajymwm? tJ'Dawmh rif;wdYk tck
xdkufoifhwJh tjypf'Pfwpfckck ay;vdkufayghuGm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu vrf;aMumif;ay;vdkufonf/ olwdkYtac:t&awmh
ESyfaMumif;ay;um? ]cD;wm} ayghav? jrifhaomif;rsufvHk;rsm; awmufajymif
vmonf/ acsmif;wpfcsuf[efYonf/

~ 180 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]t[rf;? uJ...uJ...trdefYcsr,f? armifudkatmifonf uREfkyfwdkYtzGJY


\ pnf;urf;udk azmufzsufaMumif;rSm xif&Sm;vSayonf/ odkY&mwGif rod
em;rvnfoljzpfí vnf;aumif;? ,cifu jypfrIusL;vGefcJhjcif;r&Sdí vnf;
aumif;? oufn§mpGm tjypfay;&rnf/ xdkYaMumifh ]]uREfkyfwdkYtzGJYtm;
,aeYn auR;arG;jyKpk&ef trdefYcsrSwfvdkufonf}}
]]b&mAdk...b&mAdk}}
]]tm;vHk; oabmwlMu&JUvm;}}
]]wlw,f...wlw,f}}
]][muGm? rif;wdkYuvJ naeuyJ taMumfauR;NyD;NyD}}
udkatmifu nnf;nnf;nLnL ajymvdkufonf/
]]bmvJ rif;u rwdkufcsifbl;vm;}}
]]ydkufqH odyfr&Sd...}}
]]atmifrm rif;rSm bmrsm; axGaxGxl;xl;ukefp&m&SdvdkYvJ? &efukef
jyef&if aumifrav;udk ay;zdkY awmifBuD;wufNyD;awmh ydwfp 0,fp&mvJ
rvdkbl;? a,mu©ravmif;udk zm;zdkY vdar®mfoD; 0,fp&mvJ rvdkbl;}}
]]uJyg wkdufrvm; rwdkufbl;vm;ajym}}
]]igar;wmudk rSefrSefajz&if wkdufr,f}}
]]ar;uG}}
]]ighaumifrav;u vS&JUvm;}}
]][m;...vSw,f vSw,f}}

~ 181 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]a&a&vnfvnf om;em;w,f}}
]]tjywfrdw,f}}
]]rsufrSefrygwmuvGJ&if ajymp&mr&Sdbl;}}

~ 182 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(9)

vufawGYjzpfwef&m tajctaersm;ESihf tvGeftrif; uif;uGmjcif;


r&Sdaom pdwful;,OfrIrsm;? tdyfrufrsm;onf vlwdkYtwGuf vdktyf\ [k
pdwfynm&SifwdkYu qdk\/ pdwful;,Ofjcif;onf wu,f jzpfrvmao;aom
udpörsm;udk jzpfaeoa,mifa,mif cHpm;MunhfEdkifonf/ xdktcg vufawGY
&ifqdkifae&aom tvdkrjynfhrIrsm;? tm;avsmhrIrsm;udk acwå arhaysmuf
aponf? NyD;awmhvnf; pdwful;,OfMunfhjcif;onf BudKwifavhusihfjcif;
wpfrsKd;yg r[kwfvm;/
xdkYaMumifh udkatmif pdwful;,OfMunhf\/
pdwful;qdkonfrSm tquftpyf a&SUaemufnDnGwf&ef ,kwdå&Sd&ef
rvkdtyfaomaMumifh udkatmifonf rpdefwifESihf acsmif;urf;yg;rSm awGYypf
vdkuf\/ taMumfwJem;wGif rawGYcsifaomaMumifh awmpyfuav;odkY a&TU
ypfvdkuf\/ tcsdefudk eHeufapmapm[k owfrSwfvdkufonf/ pdwful;xJü
xdkeHeufonf rcsrf;acs/ aEG;aEG;uav;/
aea&mifonf ESif;yGifhrsm;udk jzwfxdk;xm;ojzifh aiGa&mifvuf
ae\/
aiGa&mifESif;rIefuav;rsm;onf ajrjyifay:odkY ckefqif;aeMuonf/
olwdkYü avxD;rygaomfvnf; ajrjyifay:odkY nifompGm usonf/
xdkYaemuf olwdkYonf jrufyifwdkY\ tzsm;ü 'ef;pD;aejyef\/

~ 183 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

yef;yGifhuav;rsm;onf ESif;&nfwdkYjzifh rsufESmopfNyD;p tcsdefrSm


yif raeYu csdef;xm;aom udka&Tvdyfjym a&muf&Sdvmavonf/ a&Tvdyfjym
onf yef;yGif;uav;udk wD;wdk;pum;jzifh usDp,f\/ yef;yGihfuav;
rsufvTmcsxm;avonf/
]]nDrudk tpfudkcspfw,f}}
yef;yGifhuav;\ rsufESmonf yef;Eka&mif orf;oGm;onf/ &Suf
aoG;/ vdyfjymuav;onf awmifyHudk wzswfzswf cwfae\/
]]ajymygOD; tcspf&,f}}
ajrmufjyefavonf yef;yGifhuav;udk 0ifwdkufrd\/ yef;yGifhuav;
a<uusoGm;onf/
]]tpfudkYudk jyefcspfygaemf}}
ZmrPDiSufarmifESHonf olwdkY\oufwefYa&mif tNrD;&SnfBuD;rsm;
udk vIyf&rf;&if; vufwGJvsuf vrf;avQmufxGufoGm;Muonf/
]]tpfudkYudk cspfygw,f tpfudk&,f}}
prf;a&at;onf yef;yGifhuav;udk ausmay:rSmwifvsuf c&D;&Snf
oGm;aeonf/
xdkeHeufonf MunfEl;qGwfysHUzG,f/

Ä Ä Ä

]]tpfudk&,f...&efukefom; udkvlvnf}}

~ 184 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]jrefrmjynfrSm vlvnfawG oef;eJYcsDNyD; &Sdyghrvm;uG,f}}


]]bmudk ajymwmvJ}}
]]&efukefNrdKUrSm vlOD;a& oef;eJYcsDNyD; aeMuwm r[kwfvm;}}
]]vlwpfoef;rSm a[m'Dwpfa,mufu udkvlvnf}}
]]bmudkMunhfNyD; ajymEkdifwmvJ}}
]]tpfudku acsmvdkY}}
]]'gqdk nDru urÇmay:rSm tvnfqHk;}}
]]tpfudku urÇmay:rSm tnmqHk;}}
]]rnmygbl;}}
]]nmygw,f? awmolrav;udk nmw,f? &efukefrSm &nf;pm;awG
&Sd&JUom;eJY? tpfudk vlnmBuD;}}
]]nDrwpfa,mufxJ &Sdygw,f? ,HkyguG,f}}
]],Hkygbl;awmf}}
]]cspf&JUvm;[if}}
]]cspfzl;}}
]]wu,fajymwmvm;[if}}
]]wu,f}}
]]...........}}
]]...........}}

~ 185 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tpfudkYrsufESmBuD;u bmjzpfaewmvJ}}
]]rcspfbl;qdkvdkY aqG;aewm}}
]]b,folu rcspfbl;vdkY ajymvdkYvJ}}
]]cke olajymw,f}}
]]tJ'g rcspfbl;vdkYajymwmrS r[kwfbJ? tcspf&JU tzl;uav;rdkY
cspfzl;vdkY ajymwmav? tpfudkuaum nDrudk cspf&JUvm;[if}}
]]rkef;w,f}}
]]wu,f ajymwmvm;}}
]]wu,f}}
]]...........}}
]]...........}}
]]nDrrsufESmu bmjzpfae&wmvJ}}
]]tpfudku rkef;w,fqdkvdkY aqG;aewm}}
]]b,folu rcspfbl;ajymvdkYvJ}}
]]cke olajymw,f}}
]]tJ'g rcspfbl; rkef;w,fvdkYajymwm r[kwfbl;? trkef;&JU w,f
uav;rdkY rkef;w,fvdkY ajymwm}}
]][if;...tpfudkYpum;uvJ t"dyÜg,fvJ r&Sdbl;}}
]]rodbl;av? nDrajymovdk vkdkufajymMunfhwm}}

~ 186 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tpfudku ½l;vdkufwm}}
]][kwfw,f...[kwfw,f? tpfudku tcspf½l;}}
]]nDruaum}}
]]nDru tcspfzl;}}

Ä Ä Ä

avjynfuav;onf aqmufwnf&mr&bJ [dkajy; 'Dajy; jzpfae


onf/ aerif;BuD;\ rsufESmonf romr,m&Sd\/
]]tpfudk &efukefudk jyef&awmhr,faemf}}
yef;yGifhuav;\ rsufvHk;pGefrSm rsuf&nfprsm; ckdwG,faeMuonf/
vdyfjymuav;onf oHa,mZOf rjzwfEdkifaomaMumifh yef;yGihfuav;udk
cGmwHkuyfwHkjyK\/
]]tpfudk rjyefcsifbl;uG,f}}
tazmfuGJaom ZmrPDiSufuav;onf vGrf;aw;udk qdkae
avonf/
]]tpfudk&,f...[dka&muf&if arhoGm;rSm r[kwfvm;}}
prf;a&at;\ausmay:rS yef;yGifhuav;onf tvGrf;aomifESihf
ndwG,fí usef&pfcJh&Smonf/
]]wpfaeYaeYus&if tpfudkjyefvmr,f}}

~ 187 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

yef;yGifhuav; idkaeNyD...? vdyfjymuav;u vufjy EIwfqufonf/


vufjyEIwfqufjcif;onf cGJcGmjcif;\ txdrf;trSwf/
..................
..................
tdk...cGJcGm&jcif; [lonf pdwfulxJüyif jyif;xefpGm cHpm;&yg
wum;/
udkatmif\ pdwfwGif pdk;&drfpdwfrsm; 0ifa&mufvmonf/
pdwful;xJrS MunfEl;qGwfysHYzG,frsm;onf wu,fjzpfvmrnf rjzpf
vmrnfudk rajymEdkifaomfvnf; cGJcGm&jcif;[lonfum; trSefyif a&muf&Sd
vmayawmhrnf/
tcsdefonf rsm;pGm rusef&SdawmhNyD/ cGJcGmjcif;onf e,fpyfrsOf;
aMumif;udkyif jzwfausmfí vmaeavmufNyD/
tcsdefESihf yef;yGifhuav;rsm;onf vludk rapmihfwwfacs/
udkatmifonf qHk;jzwfcsufwpfckudk csvdkufavonf/

~ 188 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(10)
EIwfcrf;plxm;onf[k xif&onf/ pdwfaumufaeoa,mif &Sd\/
taMumfqdkifxJodkY 0ifrdvQifyif udkatmif jyHK;jyEIwfqufonf/
olurl jyHK;jywmvm; rJhjywmvm; rod/ rJhjyHK;vnf; jzpfEdkifonf/
]]*sL;aMumf&Sdvm;}}
]]ukefNyD}}
]]cgwdkif;wkef;u csefxm;aeus r[kwfvm;}}
]]ck csefrxm;awmhbl;}}
]]b,folYudk auR;vdkufwmvJ}}
]]vlwpfa,mufudk}}
&dwmvm;? aighwmvm;? wu,fajymwmvm;/ olu pdwfqdk;ae
wmvm;/ udkatmif pkd;&drfoGm;av\/ raeYnu olpdwful;cJhwmawGrsm;
odoGm;vdkYvm;[k rqDrqdkif awG;rdao;onf/
]]uRefawmfhudk pdwfqdk;aewmvm;}}
]]rodbl;}}
]]uRefawmf bmvkyfvkdYvJ}}
bmrSjyefrajym/ 'Dvdk jzpfEdkifonf/ raeYnu pdwful;rsm;onf olY
rsufESmay:wGif t&dyfxifaewkef; jzpf&rnf/ xkdYaMumifh olYrsufESmonf
r½dk;om;[ef ay:aevdrfhrnf/ 'gudk tuJzrf;rdoGm;í pdwfqdk;oGm;wmvm;/
udkatmifonf olYrsufESmudk ½dk;om;atmif b,fvdkvkyf&rSef; rod/ rsufESm

~ 189 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

xm;udk jyifvkduf&m jyHK;NzJNzJ jzpfoGm;onf/ jyefí wnfvdkufaomtcg


rJhovdk jzpfoGm;jyefonf/
]]ajymygOD;Asm? uRefawmf bmvkyfrdvkdYvJ}}
rpdefwifrsufESmudk [dkbufodkY vSnfhvdkufonf/ usufNyD;om;
taMumfrsm;udk qDxJrS q,fí qefumxJodkY aqmifhcsvdkufonf/
]]*sL;aMumfr&Sdawmh&ifvJ bl;oD;aMumfyJ ay;yg}}
rMum;csifa,mif aqmifaeonf/ rkefYESpfvl;xm;aom bl;oD;rsm;
udk qDylxJodkY aqmifhaqmifhypfcsonf/ qDylwpfpufonf pifxGufNyD;
udkatmifhvufay:odkY usonf/
]]trav;As}}
]][if...[if...bmjzpfwmvJ}}
rpdefwif ysmysmovJ ar;onf/ pdk;&drfoH/
udkatmifu vufudk yGwf&if; ajzonf/
]]qDyl pifwm}}
]][,f...a&pdrfvdkuf...a&pdrfvdkuf}}
a&cGuf,lvmay;onf/ udkatmifonf vufudk a&cGufxJ pdrfxm;
vkdufonf/
]]uRefawmfhudk bmjzpfvdkY pum;rajymwmvJ}}
tyludkyif *½krpdkufrdbJ ar;onf/ rpdefwifu oem;oGm;[ef
wl\/ tenf;i,f jyHK;onf/ tm;r&SdvS/

~ 190 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tpfudku nmwwfw,faemf}}
]]cifAsm}}
]]aMomf...nmwwfw,fvdkY}}
]]uRefawmf b,frSm nmvdkYvJ}}
]][efaqmifvJ aumif;w,f}}
]]bmudk [efaqmifvdkYvJAsm}}
]]NrdKUom;vJ yDow,f}}
jyHK;vdkufonf/ rJhjyHK;/
]]NyD;awmh...wuúodkvfausmif;om;vJ yDow,f}}
]]'ku©ygyJ}}
]][ufceJ}} &,fonf/ avSmifovdkyJ/
]]uRefruawmh awmol r[kwfvm;? &Sif;&Sif;yJ ajymwwfw,f?
nmwmvJ rBudKufbl;}}
]]tJ...cufaeNyD? bmrSef;vJ rodygvm;}}
rpdefwif\ rsufESmonf wnfNidrfaeonf/ taqG;&dyfuav;
vnf; orf;aeovdkvdk/ udkatmifurl xdkrsufESmudk t"dyÜg,f raumuf
wwf/ bmudkrS em;rvnfovdk jyL;jyL;ysmysm jzpfaeonf/
]]&efukefwuúodkvf ausmif;om;awG[m &nf;pm;rsm;w,f? wcsKdU
qdk ig;a,mufawmif &Sdw,fwJh}}

~ 191 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rpdefwifu udkatmifhudk pdkufMunhf&if; ajymonf/ udkatmifum;


bmrS rod/ rsufvHk;uav; aMumifawmifawmif/
]]wcsKdUygAsm? ausmif;om;wdkif; r[kwfygbl;}}
]]wcsKdUxJrSm tpfudk ygw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]][m...rygygbl;? uRefawmhfrSm wpfa,mufrS r&Sdygbl;}}
]]'gaMumifh nmwwfw,fvdkY ajymwm}}
]]rnmygbl; cifAsm}}
udkatmifum; tBuD;tus,f vefYaeavonf/ olYrsufESmonf
qefumxJu bl;oD;aMumfuav;awGavmuf i,faeonf/
]]ajymwJhvlu ajymoGm;NyD;NyD? nmvdkY b,f&rvJ}}
]][if...b,folu ajymwmvJ}}
]][dk...'lvmqdkvm;? tJ'Dtpfudku ajymwm}}
]]b,fu 'lvmvJ}}
]]qHyifaumufaumuf? vrf;avQmuf&if vufudkum;NyD; avQmuf
wJh tpfudku ajymwm}}
awmuf...twkv? twkv? acG;aumif jrifhaomif;/ ‘'Daumif
vmaxmifoGm;wm/
]]tJ...twkvyg? olu bmajymvdkYvJ}}
]]tpfudku odyf½IyfwmwJh...odyfayGwmwJh? &efukefwuúodkvfrSm
&nf;pm; ig;a,mufawmif &Sdw,fwJh}}

~ 192 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]trav;Asm...r[kwf&ygbl;? 'Daumif oufouf acsmufwGef;


wmyg}}
]]r[kwfbJeJY ajymyghrvm;}}
]]bk&m;pl;&ap&JU? oGm;av&m tJ...a>rudkuf&ygap&JUAsm}}
udkatmifhyHkrSm awmfawmf txdwfwvefY pkd;&drfwBuD; jzpfaeonf/
toHawGvnf; wkefaeonf/ olYrsufESmonf wu,f½kd;om;aMumif;
ay:vGifaeonf/ rpdefwif enf;enf;auseyfoGm;onf/
]]r[kwfbl;vm;vdkY}}
]]r[kwfygbl;Asm? uRefawmfhtaMumif;vJ rpdefwif odygw,f}}
odygonf? odygonf/ udkatmifhtaMumif;udk odygonf/
udkatmifhrsufvHk;rsm;udk odygonf/ udkatmifh trlt&mrsm;udk odygonf/
udkatmifh ESvHk;om;udk odygonf/ odkY&mwGif 'Du rdef;uav;yg
tpfudk&,f/
]]wuúodkvfausmif;olawGu vSwmyJ? [kwfcsif[kwfrSmaygh}}
]]r[kwfbl;...r[kwfbl;}}
ysmysmovJ jiif;onf/
]]wuúodkvfausmif;olawG&JU tvS[m yifudk,ftvS r[kwfbl;?
twktyawGeJY jyifqifrGrf;rHxm;wJh tvSAs/ olwkdY[m ryGifhvif;bl;?
[efaqmifwwfw,f? vQKdU0Sufwwfw,f? olwdkY[m r½dk;om;bl;? tJ'g
awGudk uRefawmf oabmrusbl;? yGifhvif;½dk;om;wmyJ uRefawmf BudKuf
w,f/ e*dktvS? t½dk;cHtvSudkyJ uRefawmf BudKufw,f}}

~ 193 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

zswfceJ Munfhvkdufonf/ rsufvHk;csif; wpfcPqHk\/ t"dyÜg,f


udk odvkdufNyD/ ESpfa,mufpvHk;onf olwdkY\ tMunhfrsm;udk wpfNydKifeuf
wnf; vTJz,fypfvdkufonf/ udkatmifu ajrBuD;udk pdkufMunfhonf/ rpdef
wifu ',ftdk;xJodkY pdkufMunhfaeonf/ qDylwdkYonf yGufyGufql aeNyD/
a&aiGYylrsm;onf ausmuf&nfrsm;udk txufodkY wGef;yihfay;vdkuf
jcif;aMumihf vnf;aumif;? urÇmajr a&GUvsm;jcif;aMumihf zdtm;avsmhenf;
oGm;jcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif;? rDawmifaygufuGJrIrsm;udk jzpfay:aponf/
&ifxJü rD;awmif&Sdonf/ tcspfonf cHpm;rIrsm;udk txufodkY
wGef;wifjcif;jzifh vnf;aumif;? aoG;aMumrsm;xJü zdtm;enf;vmjcif;
aMumifh vnf;aumif;.../
udkatmifh&ifxJu rD;awmifonf aygufuGJthHqJqJ&Sdaom rD;awmif
&Sifom jzpfygap/ tckd;taiGYrQavmufom wpfBudrfxkwfvTwfNyD; Nidrfouf
oGm;onfh rD;awmifrsKd; rjzpfygapESihf/
]]tpfudkYudk uRefr ,Hkygw,f}}
0Sufxm;aom *sL;aMumfyef;uefudk xkwfay;onf/
]]cke ukefNyDvdkYajymwm pdwfqdk;vdkY ajymwmr[kwfvm;}}
bmrS rajz/
]]tck pdwfqdk;ajyoGm;NyDvm;}}
jyHK;onf/ cspfolwdkYonf jyHK;aomtcg ydkí vSwwfMuygonf/
]]uRefrpdwfrS rqkd;cJhbJ}}

~ 194 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

uRefawmf pum;wpfckajym&if pdwfqdk;rSmvm;? rqdk;ygbl;&Sif?


uRefawmf rpdefwifudk cspfw,f/ xkdpum;rsm;onf pdwful;xJrSmqdkvQif
avQmceJ xGufvmayvdrfhrnf/ ckawmhjzifh 'Dvdk r[kwfcJhyg/ xdkpum;
rsm;onf ESvHk;om;rS xkwfvTwfvdkufí tpma&rsKdudk jzwfvsuf
vnfacsmif;0odkY a&mufvmaomfvnf; EIwfzsm;rS pum;tjzpf xGufrvmbJ
rsufvHk;rsm;rS tMunfhtjzpfom xGufvmcJhawmhonf/
rsufvHk;rsm;onf tcspf\wHcg;ayguf jzpfcsifjzpfrnf/ ESvHk;om;
csif; qufoG,frdMuaom tcspfonf pmcsKyfpmwrf;rsm;xuf ydkí cdkifrm
aumif; cdkifrmrnf/ odkY&mwGif EIwfrSzGihfajymouJhodkYrl w&m;0if r[kwf
Ekdifyg/
]]uRefawmf 0rf;omygw,f}}
wdwfqdwf NidrfoufoGm;Mujyefonf/ pum;rajymEdkifMu/ xif;p
wdkYudk rD;avmifaomtoH wazsmufazsmuf Mum;&onf/ ',ftdk;xJrS qDyl
yGufoH wzspfzspfom Mum;&onf/ trSeftm;jzihfrl OD;aESmufqlyGufoH?
ESvkH;aoG;wdkY wHkYjyefvl;vm pD;qif;oHwdkYudk olwdkY Mum;oifhMuonf
wum;/
]]uRefr oefbufcgus&if ompnfudk jyefawmhr,f}}
tdk...cGJcGmjcif;qdkaomt&monf oefbufcgusvQif trSefwu,f
a&muf&Sdvmayawmhrnf/ ol\ udk,fcE¨m tESHYtjym;ü rodrom wG,fuyf
aeMuaom pdk;&drfrIrsm;onf ESvHk;om;qDodkY tcsdefrD tajy;tvTm; pkjyHK
a&muf&SdvmMuonf/ ESvHk;om;\ pdk;&drfrIonf OD;aESmuf\ pdk;&drfrIESihf
rwl/ OD;aESmuf\ pdk;&drfrIonf awGa0rIudk jzpfay:ap\/ ESvHk;om;\
pdk;&drfrIonf pGefYpm;rIudk jzpfay:ap\/

~ 195 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

OD;aESmufwdkY qla0vmavNyD/
qifjcifrIwdkYonf taiGYysHukefMuNyD/
ajczsm;vufzsm;wdkY tat;rdukefMuNyD/
ESvHk;om;onf acR;pdkYívmNyD/
aoG;aMumrsm;ü zdtm;enf;avNyD/

]]rpdefwifudk uRefawmf cspfw,f}}


xkdpum;onf olYEIwfrS wu,fyif xGufvmcJhavonf/ xdktoH
onf olYtoHr[kwfbl;[k udkatmif xifonf/ oludk,fwdkif ajymwm
r[kwfbl;[k oHo,jzpfonf/ olYEIwfudk wpfpHkwpfa,mufu pD;í
ajymonf[k xifonf/
rpdefwif\EIwfrS ]&Sif} [laom toHxGufoGm;onf[k xifrd
onf/ [kwfcsifrSvnf; [kwfrnf/ [kwfcJhvQifvnf; xdktHhMo[efonf
wrifwum [efaqmifrIom jzpf&rnf/ uREkfyf\ rsufvHk;rsm;udk
[dk,cifftcgqDuyif oift"dyÜg,faumufEkdifcJhvdrfhrnf[k xifygonf
rpdefwif/
]]uRefawmfhudk jyefrcspfEdkifbl;vm;[if}}
udk,fhudk,fukdyif &J&ihfvSacsovm;[k tHhMordonf/ trSeftm;jzifh
olYEIwfudk olYESvHk;om;u pD;íajymaejcif; jzpfonf/ olYESvHk;om;udkrl
]tcspfewf} onf "mwfpD;í ajymaeavNyDwum;/
]]ajymygOD;Asm}}

~ 196 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsufvHk;udk wpfcsufyifhMunhfonf/ xkdtMunhfü tajzygNyD;om;


jzpfaumif; jzpfrnf/ acgif;udk iHkYí xm;onf/ rdef;uav;wdkYonf
&Sufaomtcg vufudkify0guav;udk vufn§Kd;ü &pfywfíaewwf\/
þae&mü vufudkify0g r&Sdacs/ xdkYaMumihf vufESD;pkwfuav;udk qkyfajc
aerdonf/
ajrmufavwpfcsuf a0SYvkdufonf/
qHyifuav; vIyfoGm;\/
]]uRefrwdkYtwGuf tcsdefr&Sdawmhygbl; tpfudk}}
tcsdef? bmtcsdefvJ/
bmr&SdwmvJ/
pOf;pm;zdkY tcsdefr&Sdawmhwmvm;/
awGYzdkYawG tcsdef r&Sdawmhwmvm;/
cspfzdkYtcsdef r&Sdawmhwmvm;/
]]uRefawmfwdkY aemuf tESpfav;ig;q,favmuf ae&OD;rSmyg}}
]]'gayr,fh tpfudku &efukefudk jyef&rSm r[kwfvm;...uRefru
vnf; ompnfudk jyef&rSm r[kwfvm;}}
]]'gayr,fh uRefawmfwdkY tNrJwrf; cGJae&rSmrS r[kwfwm}}
‘]]'gayr,fh tpfudku wuúodkvfausmif;om;yg}}
]]tJ'g bmjzpfvJ}}
]]uRefreJY tpfudkeJY rwefygbl;&Sif}}

~ 197 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kd; a&S;wkef;u pum;awG jyefrajymygeJYAsm}}


]]uRefrwdkYawmolawGu pdwful;r,Ofwwfygbl;? rjzpfEdkifwm
udkvJ rpOf;pm;wwfbl;}}
a[m...pdwful;,OfwmwJh/ nu pdwful;,Ofwmudk olodvdkYvm;/
pdwful;wdkYonf wu,fhtjzpftysufrsm; jzpfvmEkdifonfudk ol rodbl;
vm;/ uREfkyf\pdwful;rsm;onf vufawGYb0ESifh rsm;pGmuGm[rI r&Sd[k
xifygonf rpdefwif/
]]uRefawmfuawmh pdwful;,Ofw,fvdkY ajymcsifwmvm;}}
]]uRefr rodbl;? uRefrodwm uRefr pdwful;r,OfwwfwmudkbJ
odw,f? tpfudkeJYuRefr rjzpfEdkifygbl;}}
]]bmjzpfvdkY rjzpfEkdif&rSmvJ? uRefawmf bGJY&NyD;&if 'Dudk jyefvmr,f
rpdefwifudk vmac:r,f? NyD;awmh uRefawmfwdkY vufxyfMur,f}}
xdkpum;onf wuúodkvfausmif;olwpfa,mufudk MuufoD;x
oGm;aumif; xoGm;apvdrfhrnf/ rpdefwifudkrl acgif;udk jznf;av;pGm
,rf;cgaponf/
]]b,fvdkvJAsm? uRefawmhfudk rcspfEkdifbl;vm;[if}}
]]rjzpfEdkifwJhudpöudk tpxJu rpOf;pm;wmyJ aumif;ygw,f&Sif}}
]]tkd jzpfEdkifw,f jzpfEkdifw,f? uRefawmfhudk r,HkvdkYvm;[if}}
]]tpfudkYudk ,Hkygw,f? 'gayr,fh...}}
]][m...'gayr,fhawG bmawG rvkdcsifbl;Asm? eufjzefnaeus&if
uRefawmf vmcJhr,f? tJ'Dtcgus&if tajzay;&r,f}}

~ 198 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

acgif;iHkYvdkufwmvm;? acgif;ndwfvdkufwmvm; rod/ rpdefwif\


acgif;onf qwfceJ jzpfoGm;\/ udkatmifurl acgif;ndwfvdkufwm[k
,lqvdkufonf/
]]eufjzefnaeaemf/ uRefawmhfudk cspf&if yef;tjzL yefxm;yg?
rcspfbl;qdk&if yef;teD yefxm;ygaemf}}
pum;rjyefEdkifrDrSmyif udkatmif jrefjrefxí xGufvmcJhonf/
]]tpfudk...tpfudk}} [k vSrf;ac:vdkufrvm; rod/ odkY&mwGif ol
vSnfhrMunhfawmh/
eufjzefnae vmcJhygrnf cspfaomcspfol/

~ 199 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(11)

]]q&mac:w,fqdkvdkY}}
udkatmifu q&mha&SUrSm rwfwyf&yf&if; ajymvdkufonf/
q&monf rsufvHk;udk wpfcsufvSefMunfhonf/
]]xdkifuG}}
q&monf wpfpHkwpfckudk a&;rSwfaeonf/ q&mhudk udkatmif
Munhfvdkufonf/ q&mhrsufESmonf wnfNidrfav;eufaeonf/ q&m
ac:onfqdkí olYwJu xGufvmpOfurl q&monf uGif;qif;onf udpö
wpfcktwGuf ajymvdrfhrnf[k xifcJhrdonf/ ck q&mhrsufESmukd Munhf&
onfrSm 'Dvdkr[kwf/ uGif;qif;jcif;ESihf rqdkifaom wjcm;wpfckck
ajymrnfjzpf aMumif; odvkduf&onf/ rpdefwifESihf udpöudkrsm; ajymrvm;[k
ol pdk;&drf vdkufjyef\/
]]xdkifavuGm udkatmif}}
xdkifcdkif;aeNyDqdkuwnf;u q&monf pum;tMumBuD; ajymawmh
rnf[k odvkdufNyD/ q&monf azmifwdefudk pm;yGJay: csvdkufonf/
]]xrif;pm;NyD;NyDvm;}}
]][kwfuJhq&m}}
]]rif; awmfawmf ydefoGm;w,fuGm? &efukefjyefa&muf&if aq;av;
bmav; xdk;vdkufOD;}}
]][kwfuJhq&m}}

~ 200 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rqdkifwmawG avQmufajymaeuwnf;u qdkifwmwpfckckajymawmh


rnfrSef; odvkdufonf/
]]eufjzefus&if vkyfp&m&Sdwmudk tjywfvkyfcJhuGm? wjcm;tkyfpkawG
'DaeY tvkyfjywfukefNyD? rif;wdkYtkyfpkyJ usefawmhw,f}}
]]'Dvdkygq&m? uRefawmfwdkYtkyfpkuswJh {&d,mu tpGef;qHk;usae
vdkY toGm;tjyefc&D;eJYwif tcsdefawmfawmfukefygw,f? NyD;awmhvJ
uRefawmfwdkY {&d,mu awmifukef;awGvJ odyfrsm;w,f? awmvJ ykdNyD;
xlygw,f}}
]]q&m odygw,fuGm? q&m tjypfajymwm r[kwfygbl;? NyD;awmh
vJ rif;wdkYtkyfpk&JU vkyf&nfudkif&nfudk odvdkY tcufqHk; {&d,mudk rif;wdkY
twGuf csay;vdkufwmyg}}
trSeftm;jzifh tvkyftaMumif;ajymrnfqdkvQif udkatmifhudk ac:
p&mrvdk/ tkyfpkacgif;aqmif rsKd;jrifhvGifudk ac:ajym&rnfjzpfonf/
]]eufjzefudpöNyD;atmif vkyfuGm? oefbufcg em;r,f? aemufwpf
aeYus&if igwdkYjyefMuzdkY tpDtpOf&Sdw,f}}
q&monf azgifwdefudkzGifhí wpfpHkwpfckudk a&;jcpfaejyefonf/
udkatmifu &ifawGckefaeonf/ q&mhudk ol cspfaMumuf½dkaoonfrSm
rSefygonf/ odkY&mwGif q&mha&SUrSm olwpfcgrQ &ifrckefzl;cJh/ q&monf
ausmif;om;rsm;udk &ifckefxdwfvefYapol r[kwfEdkif/ rnfodkYyifjzpfygap
q&m pum; wpfckckajymrnfudk ol pdk;&drfaerd\/
]]'DvdkuGm}}
q&monf puúefYydkif;rQ em;vdkufonf/

~ 201 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kwfuJhq&m}}
]]q&m rif;udk ajymp&m enf;enf;&SdvdkY}}
]][kwfuJhq&m}}
]]'DvdkuGm? q&mhtaeeJY rajymoifhbl;vdkYqdk&ifvJ &w,f? 'gay
r,fh...}}
q&monf pum;udk rqufbJ udkatmifhudk wpfcsufpdkufMunhf
onf/ udkatmifu rsufvTmcsvdkufonf/
]]t&ifuwnf;u rif;ukd ajymrvdkYygyJ? 'gayr,fh aoaocsmcsm
rodao;wmu wpfaMumif;? NyD;awmh wjcm;vl r[kwfbJ armifudkatmif
jzpfaevdkY? 'DbufrSm rif;u odyfuif;w,f r[kwfvm;}}
q&m bmudk qufajymrnfrSef; olawG;MunhfvdkY&NyD/ odkY&mwGif ol
rodao;[efaqmifvdkufonf/
]]q&m bmudk qdkvdkwmvJ cifAsm}}
]]atmf...[kwfom;yJ? q&mu wdwdususrS rajym&ao;bJ?
at;av wu,fawmh q&m bmudkqdkvkdw,fqdkwm rif;odNyD;NyD xif
ygw,f}}
q&m olYudk tuJcwfonf/ udkatmifonf q&mESihf rsufvHk;csif;
qdkifí rMunhf&JawmhNyD/ olYudk,fol tm;jyefwif;vdkufonf/ bmyJjzpfjzpf
'Dudpödukd &J&J0hH0Hh &ifqdkifawmhrnf/ q&mhudk ol jyefMunfhvdkuf\/
]]q&m bmudkqdkvdkw,fqdkwm rif;odNyD r[kwfvm;}}
]]odygw,fq&m}}

~ 202 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tcspfudpöqdkawmhvJ tcufom;uvm;uGm}}
q&monf azmifwdeftzHk;udk cRwfvdkuf? wyfvdkufvkyfaejyefonf/
]]wu,fawmh 'Dudpö[m vlYtcGifhta&;wpf&yfyJ? q&mhtaeeJY
rydwfyifrwm;jrpfoifhbl;? 'gayr,fh}}
]]uRefawmf[m vli,fwpfa,mufygq&m? NyD;awmh wuúodkvf
ausmif;om; wpfa,mufyg}}
udkatmifonf ynma&;udpörsm;ESihf ywfoufí q&mhudk wpfcgrQ
apm'u rwufcJhzl;yg/ odkY&mwGif ckudpöonf ausmif;pmESifh bmrQrqdkif/
]][kwfygw,f? rif;[m wuúodkvfausmif;om; vli,fwpfa,muf
yg/ rif;rSm udk,fydkif qHk;jzwfydkifcGifh &Sdygw,f/ q&mwdkYu vrf;nTef½Hkyg/
ckudpöudkvJ q&mu rif;twGuf 0ifNyD; tqHk;tjzwfay;w,fvdkY rxifygeJY/
tBuHÓPfay;w,fvdkYyJ ,lqyg}}
udkatmif bmrQjyefrajym/
]]'Dae&m[m wuúodkvfe,fajr r[kwfbl; armifudkatmif?
wuúodkvfrSmqdk&ifawmh q&mhtaeeJY bmrS0ifNyD; pGufzufp&m r&Sdygbl;}}
]]'gayr,fh uRefawmf wuúodkvfausmif;om;ygq&m? wuúodkvf
ausmif;om;qdkwJh owfrSwfcsufuawmh wuúodkvfe,fajrrSmyJjzpfjzpf?
wjcm; b,fae&mrSmyJjzpfjzpf rajymif;vJbJ &SdaerSmyJvdkY uRefawmf
xifw,f}}
]]q&m vufcHygw,f? 'gayr,fh [kdoli,fru wuúodkvf
ausmif;ol r[kwfbl;aemf}}

~ 203 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmif wkefvIyfoGm;onf/ q&monf cdkifrmaom a,bl,s


oabmwpfckudk qGJ,l&eftwGuf tcsuftvufwpfckudk tpysKd;aeavNyD/
]]q&mhtjrifudk ajymwmyg? armifudkatmiftaeeJYvJ q&mhudk
oli,fcsif;vdk oabmxm;NyD; wdkifyifaqG;aEG;Edkifygw,f}}
uRefawmf ajymcsifwmuawmh bmrS qufrajymzdkY q&mhudk
awmif;yefcsifwmygyJ[k olajymcsifonf/ odkY&mwGif olrajym/ q&mu
pum;udkyif qufaeNyD/
]]'Dvdk&Sdw,fuGm? wuúodkvfausmif;om;wpfa,mufeJY wuúodkvf
ausmif;olwpfa,muf? 'grSr[kwf NrdKUom;wpfa,mufeJY NrdKUolwpfa,muf
qdk&if bmrS ajymp&m rvdkygbl;? ck[mu...}}
]]b0csif;rwlbl;vdkY q&mqdkvdkcsifwmvm; cifAsm;}}
]]b0csif;vdkY qdkwmxuf tajctaecsif; rwlbl;vdkYqdk&if ydkrSef
vdrfhr,fxifw,f? wuúodkvfu ywf0ef;usif tusifhtBuH tawG;tac:eJY
'Dt&yfu...}}
]]q&majymr,hf[mawG uRefawmf odNyD;om;ygq&m}}
twef;xJrSm...odkYr[kwf uGif;qif;aepOfrSm q&m &Sif;jyaecJhpOfu
qdkvQif udkatmifonf acgif;udk ndwfí ndwfí aeayvdrfhrnf/ odNyD;om;
taMumif;t&mudkyif ajymaeonfjzpfap? NidrfNidrfuav; em;axmifaeay
vdrfhrnf/ ,ckrl tcspfqdkaom t&monf olYudk q&mhtay: yxrOD;qHk;
tBudrf acgif;cgwwfapcJhNyD/
]]q&m [dkt&ifu pum;rsKd;awGajymawmh uRefawmfuvJ t&ifu
pum;eJYyJ ajymyghr,fq&m? tcspfrSm b0csif; jcm;em;wmwdkY? tajctae
csif; rwlwmwdkY r&Sdygbl;? tcspf[m t&dyfvdkygyJ? t&m0w¬KawG[m

~ 204 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

bmta&miftaoG;yJ &SdMu&SdMu olwdkY&JU t&dyfawGuawmh trnf;a&mifawG


csnf;ygyJ}}
q&mu jyHK;jyvdkufonf/
]]rSefxJu t&dyfuaumuGm}}
]]rSefxJu t&dyf[m yHk&dyfppf r[kwfyg;bl;cifAsm? yHk&dyfa,mifyg?
zufcsif; ajymif;jyefay:w,f r[kwfvm;? t&m0w¬K&JU nmbuf[m rSefxJ
u yHk&dyfrSm b,fbufjzpfaew,f r[kwfvm;}}
q&m tHhMooGm;avonf/ udkatmifonf vl½dk;vltuav;?
olYyg;pyfu 'Dvdkpum;awG xGufvmvdrfhrnf[k q&m rxifcJh/ tcspfonf
vlwdkYudk pum;t&mü <u,f0apaMumif;udk q&m rodavovm; q&m
cifAsm/
]]uJygav...q&mwdkY pum;&nfvkyGJ usif;yaewmrS r[kwfbJ
½dk;½dk;yJ ajym&atmifyg}}
]][kwfuJhq&m}}
]]tcspfrSm tajctaecsif; rwlbl;qdkwm r&Sdbl;wJh? rif;ajymw,f
aemf? q&mvJ rif;t&G,fwkef;u 'DvdkyJ ajymcJhwmygyJ}}
]][kwfuJhq&m? uRefawmf[m ck uRefawmhft&G,fygyJ? q&mh t&G,f
ra&mufao;ygbl;? uRefawmhft&G,frSm &SdaewJh uRefawmf[m uRefawmfh
t&G,ftwdkif; pOf;pm;awG;ac:rSmygyJ}}
]][kwfygw,f? [kwfygw,f? rif;wdkYvli,fawG ajymaeuspum;eJY
ajym&&if q&mhtaeeJYuawmh rif;wdkYt&G,fudk jzwfoef;vmcJhzl;wJhtwGuf

~ 205 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rif;wdkYt&G,fukd udk,fcsif;pm MunfhEdkifygw,fav? rif;wdkYt&G,fwkef;u


q&mwdkY rSm;cJhzl;wmudk tck jyefjrifvdkY &ygw,f}}
]][dktcsdefwkef;uawmh q&mhtwGuf rSefcJhw,f r[kwfvm;q&m}}
]]tif;...qdkygawmhuGm}}
]]ckcsdefrSmawmh ckudpö[m uRefawmfhtwGuf rSefaewmyJ q&m?
uRefawmf q&mht&G,f a&mufvmrS rSm;w,fvdkY jrifcsif&if jrifvmrSmaygh
av? ckawmh uRefawmhft&G,feJY uRefawmf rSefaeyg&ap cifAsm}}
]]'gayr,fhuGm? q&mckajymaewmu...at;av...q&mu rif;ckudpö
[m rSm;aew,fvdkY rqdkvdkao;ygbl;? rSm;oGm;Edkifw,fvdkY qdkvdkwmyg}}
]]'guawmh...q&m tpdk;&drfBuD;wmyg}}
]]q&m rif;pum;udk em;vnfygw,f? rif wu,fajymcsifwmu
tpdk;&drfBuD;wm r[kwfbl;? awGa0wmvdkY ajymcsifwm r[kwfvm;}}
udkatmif bmrQ jyefrajymacs/
]]rif;wdkYvli,fawG ajymaeuspum;yJav? vli,fawGu pGefYpm;
w,f? jywfom;w,f? vlBuD;awGu awGa0w,fvdkY...tJ awGa0wmeJY
qifjcif ydkif;jcm;wwfwmeJY wjcm;pDyguGm? pGefYpm;w,fqdkwm aumif;yg
w,f? ‘'gayr,fh qifjcifrIrygwJh pGefYpm;jcif;[m tvum;yJ? qifuef;
awmwdk; oabmrsKd; jzpfoGm;wwfw,f? vli,fqdkayr,fh ESvHk;om;udkcsnf;
yJ tm;udk;vkdY rjzpfbl;av? OD;aESmufudkvnf; tm;udk;oifhw,f xifw,f}}
]]'gayr,fh tcspfudpörSmawmh ESvHk;om;&JU qHk;jzwfcsufudk OD;
aESmufu ydwfyifwm;qD;ydkifcGifh r&Sdygbl;cifAsm}}

~ 206 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]at;uGm...wdkYpum;awGu ajym&if;eJY 'óeduaA' qefvmjyefNyD?


uJ...&Sif;&Sif;yJ ajymMupdkYuGm? q&mwdkY ynmwwfpum;awG rajymbJ ½dk;½dk;
ajymMu&atmif}}
]][kwfuJhq&m}}
]]wu,fvdkYuGm? rif;eJY 'Duav;reJY cspfoGm;MuNyD;rS rif; &efukef
udk jyefa&mufvdkY olYudk arhoGm;cJh&if wuúodkvfausmif;om;qdkwm 'Dvdkyg
vm;vdkY xifoGm;Muvdrfhr,f? ausmif;om;awGtay:rSm 'Dt&yfu vlawGu
txifao;oGm;Muvdrhfr,f}}
]]avmavmq,frSmawmh q&mu uRefawmhfudk txifao;ae
wmyg? uRefawmf[m ckudpöudk ayghayghqquav; vkyfaewm r[kwfyg
bl;? ol...ol...uRefawmfh&JU tcspfOD;yg q&m&,f}}
udkatmif 0rf;enf;oGm;avonf/ q&myif pdwfraumif;jzpf
oGm;onf/
]]cufw,f ighnD&,f...rif;[m tcspfeJYywfouf&if odyfEkygao;
w,fuGm}}
]]&nf;pm;awG trsm;BuD;xm;zl;rS tawGYtBuHKawG trsm;BuD;
&ifhaerS tcspftaMumif;udk a&a&vnfvnf em;vnfvdrhfr,fvdkY uRefawmf
r,HkMunfbl; q&m? rsufvHk;csif;wpfBudrfavmuf qHkrd½HkeJY tcspftaMumif;
udk qHk;cef;wdkif em;vnfoGm;Edkifygw,f}}
q&monf acgif;udk jznf;nif;pGm cgvdkufonf/ olYwynhftzdkY
tqdyfwufaeaom tcsdef bmudkrQ ajymvdkY em;0ifrnf r[kwf/ udkatmif
onf &efukefudk jyefa&mufvdkY rdef;uav;wdkY\ trnf;a&mif tMunhfrsm;?

~ 207 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

aiGjyma&mif tjyHK;rsm;? yef;Eka&mif toHrsm;\ tMum;wGif þt&yfrS


rdef;uav;udk arhaysmuf oGm;vdrfhrnf[k q&m ,HkMunfaeonf/
þt&yfrS ½dk;om;aom tjzLoufouf rdef;ri,fwdkYudk wefzdk;
rxm;wwfaom wuúodkvfausmif;om; qdkonfh vli,frsm;wGif udkatmif
vnf; yg0ifaevdrfhrnf[k ol xifaeonf/
cktcsdefrSmawmh rcspfzl;olrdkY jyif;xefaevdrfhrnf/ aemif te,f
xkdifoGm;aomtcg...q&monf wpfpHkwpfckudk ajym&ef [efjyifonf/ odkY&m
wGif udkatmifu OD;atmif ajymvdkufavonf/
]]q&m ckvdkowday;wm aus;Zl;wifygw,f? 'gayr,fh 'DaeY nae
uyJ uRefawmf olYudk zGifhajymcJhygNyD q&m}}
udkatmifonf tcef;xJrS vSnfhxGufcJhonf/ q&monf olY
ausmjyifudk tHhMopGm ai;armMunfh&if; usefcJhygrnfvm;rod/

Ä Ä Ä

‘ 'Dudpöukd q&mhxHodkYa&mufatmif b,folwifjycJhoenf;/ rsKd;jrihf


vGif vHk;0rjzpfEdkif/ jrifhaomif;? qvdkif;? qefeD? 0dkif;aomf? b,folrS rjzpf
Ekdif/ olYoli,fcsif;rsm;onf EIwfvHkonfhae&mwGif xdyfwef;/ b,fol
jzpfrnfenf;? odyfpOfpm;aep&m rvdk/
udkatmif wJxJ0ifpuwnf;u oli,fcsif;awGu qD;í ar;Mu
onf/
]]q&mu bmac:ajymwmvJuG a[}}

~ 208 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmifu bmrQjyefrajym? olYtdyf&mqDodkY wef;wef;rwfrwf


avQmufoGm;onf/ uGif;qif;&mrSm ywfaom cg;ywfudk ,lvdkufonf/
cg;ywfudk ywfonf/ bmrQrajymbJ jyefvSnfhxGufoGm;onf/ olYcg;rS "m;
tdrfonf vIyf,rf;&if; ygoGm;\/
]]b,fvdk jzpfwmvJ}}
oli,fcsif;awG pdk;&drfoGm;Muonf/ udkatmifhaemufodkY vdkufonf/
udkatmifonf a&SUrS ajcvSrf;usJjzihf oGm;aeonf/
]]wpfckckawmh jzpfNyDxifw,f}}
]]trSDvdkufrS jzpfr,f}}
olwdkY udkatmifhaemufodkY rajy;½Hkwr,f vdkufMuonf/ odkY&mwGif
rrSDawmhNyD/
]]udkatmif aeygOD;uG? bmjzpfwmvJqdkwm igwdkYudk ajymygOD;}}
olwdkY vSrf;atmfvdkufaom tcsdefrSmyif udkatmifonf wJwpfckxJ
odkY vSrf;0ifoGm;onf/
olwdkY pdk;&drfoGm;onf/ wJtwGif;odkY tajy;uav;vkduf0ifoGm;
Muonf/
udkatmif tayguf0wGif bGm;ceJay:vmaomtcg xGef;rif;ausmf
u jyHK;jyrnf jyKonf/ udkatmifhrsufESmxm;udk jrifawmhrS rsufESmysuf
oGm;onf/ olwpfa,mufwnf;/
]]xGef;rif;ausmf...rif; ihgtaMumif; bmawG oGm;ajymvJ}}
]]bmajymvkdYvJuG}}

~ 209 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsKd;jrifhvGifwdkY udkatmifhab;odkY a&mufvmonf/


]]rif; ighudk jyefar;p&m rvdkbl;? rif; q&mhudk bmawG oGm;ajym
ovJ igodcsifw,f 'gyJ}}
]]bmrS rajymbl;}}
]]rif; rvdrfeJY}}
udkatmifhvufu "m;½dk;ay: a&mufoGm;onf/ rsKd;jrifhvGifu
udkatmifhvufarmif;udk n§pfvdkufonf/
]]bmjzpfwmvJuGm}}
]]rsKd;jrifhwdkY bmrS 0ifrajymeJY? ighjyóem rif;wdkYeJY rqdkifbl;}}
jyóemudk rsKd;jrifhvGif &dyfrdvdkufNyD/ udkatmifhudk twwfEdkifqHk;
xdef;Mu&onf/
]]ajymavuGm? rif; bmoGm;ajymwmvJ}}
]]ig bmrS rajymbl;}}
]]rvdrfeJYuG}}
]]a[haumif...rif;ighudk bmawG vmpGyfpGJaewmvJ? ig bmrS rod
bl;}}
]]rif; ajymrvm;? rajymbl;vm;}}
]]ig rodbl;}}
xGef;rif;ausmfu olYab;rSmvJusaeaom ykvif;vGwfwpfvHk;qDodkY
rsufvHk;a0hMunfhvkdufonf/

~ 210 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

okdY&mwGif udkatmifu "m;udk qGJxkwfNyD;aeNyD/


]]udkatmif}}
jrihfaomif;u 0if[efYvdkufonf/ qvkdif;u udkatmifhvufaumuf
0wfudk zrf;udkifonf/ udkatmifu qvdkif;\ vufudkcgxkwfvkdufonf/
NyD;awmh "m;udk olESihf xGef;rif;ausmfwdkY\ tv,f&Sd ajray:rSm ypfpdkuf
vdkufonf/
]]xGef;rif;ausmf? rif;q&mhukd wu,fbmrS rajymcJhbl;qdk&if tJ'D
"m;udk qGJEIwfvdkuf}}
xGef;rif;ausmf rvIyfr&Suf/ udkatmifhudk ayMunhfaeonf/
]]EIwfavuGm? rif;rajymbl;qkd&if qGJEIwfvkdufyguG}}
xGef;rif;ausmf Nidrfaeonf/ udkatmif olYudk pdkufMunhfonf/ ol
rsufESmvTJoGm;onf/
]]rEIwfbl;vm;? aumif;NyD oli,fcsif;? rif;a,musfm; r[kwf
bl;vm;}}
udkatmifu ajrrSmpdkufaeaom "m;udk qGJEIwfonf/ "m;tdrfxJ
jyefxnfhonf/ xGef;rif;ausmfudk wpfcsufpdkufMunhfonf/ csmceJvSnfh
xGufoGm;onf/
rsKd;jrifhvGifwkdYvnf; olYaemuf uyfvdkufoGm;onf/ qefeDu
udkatmifh yckH;udk zufvdkufonf/
]]oli,fcsif; rif; odyf Hot jzpfaeNyDuGm}}
à

~ 211 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(12)

uGif;qif;t0wftpm;awG 0wfMuonf/ 'DaeY uGif;qif;aemufqHk; aeY/


udkatmihftwGuf tqHk;tjzwfay;r,fhaeY/
uGif;{&d,mqDudk oGm;zdkY ol pdwfryg/ nae[kqdkaom umv
a&mufcsifvSNyD/ aeqdkonfrSm Munfh&if; Munhf&if;rSmyif ododomom
wa&GUa&GUarsmaeaom rD;yHk;ysHBuD;qdkvQif b,favmufaumif;vSygrnf
enf;/ odkYr[kwf aeudk ywfaom urÇm\ vrf;aMumif; t0ef;onf ½kwf
jcnf; usOf;oGm;vQif.../ tdk...'DvdkqdkvQif cspfolESihf cGJ&rnfhtcsdefonfvnf;
vsifjrefpGm a&muf&Sdvmayvdrfhrnf/ cGJcGmjcif;[k qdkaomfvnf; xm0& cGJcGm
jcif; r[kwfrlbJ cspfvsufESifh cPwm cGJcGm&jcif;om jzpfapcsifygonf/
nwkef;u tdyfrufrsm;onf y&rf;ywm EdkifvS\/ ,kwådvnf;r&Sd/
rpdefwifudk vSrf;Munhfvdkufaomtcg yef;yGifhtjzLtBuD;BuD;udk
yefxm;onf/
olYqDodkY udkatmif ajy;oGm;aomtcg yef;yGifhudk jzKwfí ajrrSm
csonf/
ajcjzifh eif;ajc\/
[uf[ufyufyuf &,farmonf/
wHwm;uav;udkjzwfí acsmif;wpfzufurf;odkY ajy;oGm;onf/
xdkpOfrSmyif wHwm;usKd;av\/
udkatmif acsmif;a&xJodkY ajy;qif;oGm;onf/

~ 212 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tvdkav;...acsmif;a&onf ylavmifvScsnfh/
a&ylprf;acsmif;/
xdktdyfrufonf aqmif;wGif;tdyfruf ua,mufu,ufom jzpf
ygap/
]]uJ oli,fcsif;wdkYa&? oGufoGufuav; csDwufMupdkY? aemufqHk;
aeYqdkawmh {&d,mtpGefqHk;a&mufatmif oGm;Mu&rSm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu a&SUqHk;rS OD;aqmifí oGm;onf/ udkatmifum;
aemufqHk;rS pdwfryghwyg vSrf;aeaMumif;udk ajymzdkYyif rvdk/ olwdkYtm;vHk;
onf nu xGef;rif;ausmfwdkYESihf jzpfysufcJhaomudpöudk jyeftpazmf&ef
roifh[k tvdkvdk pOf;pm;rdaeMuonf/
qvdkif;um; udkatmif pdwf&Tifvef;vmatmif b,fvdkavmif&yg
rnfenf;[k pOf;pm;í aeavonf/ ol tBuHwpfck &vmonf/
]][m;...ig nu tdyfruf rufw,f}}
]][kwfvm; xl;qef;w,fa[h...acG;tdyfruf rufw,fvdkY 'DwpfcgyJ
Mum;zl;w,f}}
]]aeprf;ygOD;[...ightdyfrufu wu,fpif;wm}}
qvdkif;u rsufpdwpfzuf rSdwfjyonf/
]]tJ...ajymygOD;uG? b,fvdk rufwmvJ}}
]]'DvdkuGm...tdyfrufxJrSm igu bGJY&NyD;awmh...}}
]][if; tJ'DxJu ,kwdår&Sdawmhbl;? rif;u bGJY&rSmrS r[kwfbJ
o&D;tufzfxdNyD; xGuf&r,hfaumif}}

~ 213 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]tr,f...zG[Jh vGJygap? z,fygap? NidrfNidrfem;axmifprf;yguGm}}


]]at;...qufajym...}}
]]tdyfrufxJrSm igu bGJY&NyD;awmh tvkyfvdkuf&SmwmayghuGm}}
]]r&bl; r[kwfvm;}}
]]at;...r&bl;uG? [dk½Hk;u tqifrajy? 'DXmeu tqifrajyeJY
tJ'g pdwfaxGaxGeJY avQmufoGm;aewkef; ighab;udk um;BuD;wpfpD; uRDceJ
qdkufvmyga&m...}}
]]tif;}}
]]MunhfvJMunhfvdkufa&m vm;vm;? um;xJrSm xdkifaewm
rsKd;jrifhvGifudk;uG? 'Daumifu Adkvfrª;BuD;tqifh&SdwJh 0wfpHkeJYuG}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu qvdkif;udkMunhfNyD; jyHK;jyvdkufonf/ qvdkif;u
qufajymjyefonf/
]]ighudk 'Daumifu a[haumif qvdkif;qdkNyD; EIwfqufawmh iguvJ
r0Hhr&JeJYayghuGm? 'Daumifu ighudk um;ay:twif;wufcdkif;wmeJY igvJ
wufvdkufoGm;&w,f? ighudk olYtdrfac:oGm;wmuG? olYtdrfu jcH0if;BuD;
wpfckxJu wdkufBuD;uG? [def;aewmyJ}}
]][...'Daumifu BuD;yGm;vScsnfvm;}}
]]tJ'g 'Daumifu ighudk olYwdkufxJac:oGm;NyD;awmh ar;yga&m?
iguvJ tvkyfvdkuf&SmaewJh taMumif; ajymawmh olu Munhfvkyfay;r,f
ajymNyD; ighudk xrif;auR;w,fuG? [if;awGuvJ aumif;vdkufwm
trsm;BuD;yJ? bJuifawG...0ufom;aygif;awG? Muufom;½dkUpfawG tpHkyJ}}

~ 214 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]igvJ pm;csifw,fuGm}}
]]aeygOD;uG qufajym&OD;r,f? pm;vJNyD;a&m 'Daumifu olYtdyfcef;
udk vdkufMunhfygOD;qdkNyD; ac:oGm;w,f? tdyfcef;uvJuGm tjywfom;em;
wmyJ? igvJ [dkMunhf'DMunhfaewkef; a[haumifvkdY ac:wmeJY vSnfhMunhf
vdkufawmh rsKd;jrifhu ighudk ypöwdkaoewfeJY csdefxm;wm awGY&yga&m}}
]][if...}}
]]iguvJ oli,fcsif; 'Dvdkawmh rMunfpm;ygeJY ajymawmh
'Daumifu Munfpm;wm r[kwfbl;uGm vdkY toHrmrmeJY ajymw,f? iguvJ
oli,fcsif; tcsif;csif; &ufpufawmhrSmvm;uGmvdkY qdkawmh? olu rif;
igcdkif;wm wpfck vkyf&r,f? rvkyf&ifawmh taoypfowfrSmyJvdkY
ajymouGm? igvJ aMumufwmeJY ajymyguGm bmvkyf&rSmvJ? rif;cdkif;wm ig
vkyfyghr,fvdkY ajymawmh rsKd;jrifhu bmajymw,f rSwfovJ}}
]]bmajymvJuG}}
]]rif; ighESrudk ,l&r,fwJh}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu qJonf/
]][m;[m;...ydkifw,fa[h? qvdkif;wdkYuawmh vkyfvdkufjyefNyDAsKdU}}
'DaeYtzdkYawmh vkyfp&m trsm;BuD;r&Sd/ olwdkY{&d,m\ aemufqHk;
tuGufudk avhvmMuzdkYom jzpfonf/ vkyfp&mu odyfrrsm;aomfvnf;
oGm;&rnfhae&mu tpGefqHk;rdkY a0;onf/ ausmufawmifawG awmfawmf
rsm;rsm;udk ausmfwuf&onf/ wcsKdUae&mawGrsm; ukyfuyfwuf&onf/
awmtkyfuav;awGudk jzwfoGm;&onf/ tvkyfvkyf&rnfh ae&ma&mufawmh
reufq,fem&Dyif xdk;vkaeNyD/

~ 215 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

'DaeYtNyD;oyfvkyfNyD;vQif ajryHkazmfzdkYom &Sdawmhonf/ uGif;qif;


tpD&ifcHpmwifzdkYom &Sdawmhonf/
]]igwdkYuGm? pvkyfuxJu pcef;eJY ta0;qHk;ae&mu pvdkuf&if
NyD;a&m? 'grS aemufqHk;aeYusawmh pcef;eJYteD;qHk;ae&m a&mufrSm}}
udkatmifum; bGwfuifpmtkyfrSwf&ol jzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif
tvkyfrSm ol odyfpdwfr0ifpm;acs/ opfcGyef;cl;zkdYudkom pdwf0ifpm;ae\/
pxGufcgpu tenf;i,f av;vH xdkif;rIdif;aeyHk&aomfvnf;
ausmufurf;yg;wpfckrSm opfcGyef;awGudk awGYaomtcg olYrsufESm 0if;y
oGm;avonf/
]][m...[dkrSm...[dkrSm}}
]]bmvJ bmvJ? usm;awGYvdkYvm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;? yef; yef; opfcGyef;}}
udkatmif ajy;avonf/ ausmufurf;yg;udk ukwfuwfí wuf
oGm;onf/ opfcGyef;awGudk cl;,lonf/ b,folYudk ay;zdkYqdkwm pOf;pm;zdkY
rvdk/ &efukefu olYESrav;rsm;twGuf r[kwfaMumif;um; aocsmonf/
opfcGyef;tjzLrsm;udkom a&G;í cl;onf/ wjcm;ta&mif ol rcl;acs/ teD
a&mifrsm;qdkvQif vufzsm;ESihfyif rwdkY/
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf udkatmif\ pGefYpm;cef;rsm;udk Munhfí acgif;cg
vdkufonf/
]]½l;NyD? udkatmifawmh ½l;oGm;&SmNyD}}

~ 216 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmifonf opfcGyef;uav;rsm;udk ausmydk;tdwfxJodkY w,k


w, xnfhaeonf/ 'DaeYtzdkYawmh ausmufwHk;uav;rsm; xdktdwfxJrSm
cdk0ifzdkY tcGifhromEdkifawmhNyD/
]]udkatmifwdkYuawmh naeus&if tydkifyJuG}}
]]bmudkvJ}}
]]nae tajz&r,favuGm}}
]]tajzr&&if b,fhES,fhvkyfrvJ}}
]]avm*&pforfMunfhNyD; wGufwmyJ? tajzr&bJ b,faevdrfhrvJ?
NyD;awmh udkatmifvdkaumifudkrS rBudKuf&if b,facG;olawmif;pm;udk oGm;
BudKufrvJ}}
oli,fcsif;wdkY\ a0zefrIrsm;/
udkatmifum; jyHK;jyHK;BuD;/
tm;vHk;vkyfudkifvdkY NyD;aomtcsdefrSm aeYv,f ESpfem&D? prf;acsmif;
uav; wpfckab;rSm cP tarmajzMuonf/ wjcm;aumifawGuawmh
xHk;pHtwdkif; awmf&da&mf&d pum;rsm;/ udkatmifwpfa,mufurl Nidrfcsuf
om; aumif;vSonf/ prf;a&uav;awG pD;aewmudk ai;Munhfaeonf/ 'D
prf;acsmif;uav;udk jrifawmh &Gmem;u acsmif;uav;udk owd&onf/
naeusvQif xdkuJhodkYaom prf;acsmif;uav; eHab;rSm cspfolESihf awGY&
ayawmhrnf/
tcspftxdrf;trSwf yef;jzLjzLuav;/
&SufvdkY acgif;iHkYaeaom rdef;uav;/

~ 217 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

wpfpHkwpfckudk wdk;wdk;uav;ajymNyD; uav;i,fwpfa,mufvdk


xGufajy;oGm;aom cspfol/
'Dvdk r[kwfygbJ &ufpufaom teDa&mifudk yefqifxm;cJhvQif.../
tdk...pdwful;xJüyif teDa&mifonf tMunhf&qdk;vSygwum;/
teDa&mif tvdkr&Sd/
oifhrSm yefp&m tjzLa&mifyef;wpfyGifh r&Sdbl;vm;/
þprf;acsmif;uav;rSwpfqifh yef;tjzLwpfyGifhudk arQmvdkuf
ygrnf cspfaomcspfol/
toihfq,f,lí yefygvSnfh/
tdk...acsmif;uav;...oif\ ausmukef;ay:odkY wifvTwfvdkufaom
þyef;yGifhuav;udk cspfolxHta&muf tvsiftjref o,faqmifoGm;
ygavmh/
]]oGm;Mur,fa[h jyefMu&atmif? oGufoGufuav;avQmufrS pcef;
udk aer0ifcif a&mufrSm}}
]][kwfw,f jrefjrefavQmuf&r,f? 'grS udkatmifhtwGuf tcsdef
&rSm...}}
]]udkatmif rif; a&SUu ajy;ygvm;uG}}
ajy;csifw,f? ajy;csifw,f? cktcsdefrSm ajy;w,fqdkwmxuf ydkNyD;
jrefwJh enf;vrf;eJY oGm;vdkY&&if oGm;vdkufcsifw,f/
udkatmifum; a&SUqHk;rS csDwufavonf/ olYoli,fcsif;rsm;onf
olYajcudk rSDatmif vdkufae&onf/ odkY&mwGif udkatmifudk olwdkY rjiLplMu/

~ 218 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

olwdkYvrf;avQmufyHkudk Munfh&onfrSm vrf;avQmufNydKifyGJ 0ifaeolrsm;ESifh


wlavonf/
q,fhig;rdepfavmuf twGif;rSmyif awmfawmfc&D;aygufcJhMuonf/
awmtkyfuav;twGif;odkY a&mufvmMuonf/ opfyif&dyf&SdaomaMumifh
aeyl'Pf oufomonf/ ydkíyif c&D;wGifao;onf/
odkY&mwGif
]]ajzmif;}}
]]tm;...}}
udkatmifonf vrf;avQmufae&if;u acGvJusoGm;\/
]][m}}
]]bmjzpfwmvJ}}
jrifhaomif;u udkatmifhudk ayGUvdkufonf/ udkatmif\ aygifrSm
aoG;csif;csif;eDvsuf 0g;cRefwpfacsmif;u xdk;pdkufaeonf/ *sDaxmifxm;
aom axmifacsmufudk udkatmif 0ifwdkufrdjcif; jzpfonf/
axmifacsmufonf axmifxm;wm MumNyDjzpfaomaMumifh armif;
tm;aysmhaejcif;? 0g;cRefrSm aqG;jrnhfaejcif;aMumifh aygifudk xkwfcsif;cwf
roGm;jcif; jzpfonf/
qefeDu 0g;cRefukd qGJEkwfvdkufonf/
]]udkatmif...udkatmif}}
udkatmifu tHBudwfxm;&if;u ajymvdkufonf/
]]bmrS rjzpfbl; &w,f}}

~ 219 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmif x&yfvdkufonf/
]]rjzpfbl;xifw,f}}
]]jzpfw,f}}
vrf;avQmufMunfhonf/ ESpfvSrf;avmufvSrf;NyD; ,dkifoGm;onf/
rsKd;jrihfvGifu 0ifxdef;vdkuf&onf/
]]b,fvdk vkyfrvJ}}
qvdkif;u ar;onf/
]]qufoGm;r,f}}
udkatmifu ajzonf/ odkY&mwGif olYajcaxmufu wqwfqwf
wkefaeNyD/
]]cPxdkifOD;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu udkatmifhudk xdkifcdkif;vdkufonf/
jrihfaomif;u olYausmydk;tdwfxJrS rsufESmokwfy0gi,fudk xkwfí
udkatmifh'Pf&may: pnf;ay;vdkufonf/ 0dkif;aomfu wdyfBudK;udk jzwfí
tay:rS csnfaESmifvdkufonf/
]]tcsdefr&Sdbl; oGm;r,f}}
udkatmifu x&yfvdkufonf/ wpfa,mufxJ avQmufzdkYum; rjzpf
Edkifawmh/ rsKd;jrifhvGifESihf jrifhaomif;u ab;rS0ifwGJNyD; avQmuf&onf/ c&D;
um; rwGifEdkifawmhNyD/
udkatmifonf avQmuf&if;avQmuf&if;u ajcvSrf;awG aES;vm
onf/

~ 220 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rsufvHk;awG jyma0vmonf/ tjrifwdkYonf rIef0g;í aeavonf/


olYajcvSrf;wefYoGm;\/
]]udkatmif...oli,fcsif;}}
udkatmifh'Pf&may:rSm pnf;xm;aom rsufESmokwfy0gonf aoG;
wdkYjzifh pdk&TJívmonf/ olYajcaxmufonf nTwfí acGusoGm;onf/
vrf;avQmuf&ef rjzpfEdkifawmhygNyD/
]]udkatmif...odyfemaevm;}}
rsufvHk;rSdwfxm;&ufu acgif;udk jznf;n§if;pGm cg&rf;onf/ odkY&m
wGif olawmfawmfemaeaMumif; tm;vHk;odvdkufonf/ udkatmifhajcaxmuf
onf wqwfqwfwkefae\/
]]b,fvdkvkyfMurvJ}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu udkatmifhudk ayGYxm;&if;u ar;onf/
]]xrf;pif vkyfrvm;}}
]]tcsdefr&Sdbl;uG? ‘'Dem;rSm 0g;&SmzdkYvnf; rvG,fbl;? pcef;udk
tjrefqHk; jyefa&mufrS jzpfr,f}}
]]xrf;r,fuGm}}
]]aumif;w,f? wpfa,mufwpfvSnfhpD xrf;oGm;r,f}}
qefeDu udkatmihfudk olYycHk;ay:odkY xrf;vdkufonf/ udkatmifum;
bmrQrajymEdkifawmh/ ol odyfarmaeNyD/
vlwpfa,mufudk xrf;&NyDqdkuwnf;u c&D;rwGifawmhaMumif;udk
ajymzdkYyifrvdk/ 'DMum;xJu awmiftwuftqif;qdkvQif 'ku©awGY&ao;

~ 221 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

onf/ tajyjypfqHk;vrf;udk &Sm&ojzifh c&D;&SnfoGm;&jyefonf/


a&SUem;qDrS awmifukef;ay:wGif aerif;BuD;onf ar;wifvsuf
aeavNyD/
]]arm&if em;MuygOD;uGm}}
udkatmifu tm;empGm ajymvdkufonf/ odkY&mwGif olonf
pcef;udk tjrefqHk; jyefa&mufcsifaeaMumif; tm;vHk;odonf/
]]&ygw,fuGm? wpfa,mufwpfvSnfh xrf;wmyJ}}
]]'DrSm...'Dvdkvkyf&if aumif;r,f? wdkYtxJu ESpfa,mufavmufcGJNyD;
pcef;udk tjrefjyefuGm? [dka&muf&if q&mhudkajym? EGm;vSnf;iSm;NyD; vdkuf
vmcJh}}
]]aumif;w,f}}
]]b,fol oGm;rvJ}}
b,folrS roGm;csifMu? olwdkYtm;vHk;onf udkatmifhtem;rSmyif
aecsifMuonf/ olwdkYxGufoGm;wkef; udkatmif wpfckckjzpfoGm;rSm pdk;&drfae
Muonf/
]]uJ...qvdkif;eJY0dkif;aomf oGm;uGm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu qHk;jzwfay;vdkufonf/
]][muGm...ig}}
]]a[haumifawG tcsdefr&Sdbl;? oGm;qdk oGm;uGm}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu a[mufvdkufrS olwdkYESpfa,muf xxGufoGm;onf/

~ 222 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ajzmifhajzmifh roGm;Ekdif/ aemufudk vSnfhMunhf vSnfhMunfh vkyfaeMuao;


onf/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;a&mufawmh olwdkYESpfa,muf jyefvSnfhvmMuonf/
]]awmuf...oGm;ygqdk ]...} rdkYvkdY jyefvmwmvm;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu pdwfqdk;pGm atmfvdkufonf/
]]r[kwfygbl;uGm? igwdkYa&bl;awG ay;cJhrvdkY jyefvmwmyg}}
]]rif;wdkYuaum}}
]]igwdkY pcef;udk a&mufrSmyJ? NyD;awmh vrf;rSmvJ prf;acsmif;awG
awGY&if aomufvdkY&wmyJ}}
qvdkif;ESifh0dkif;aomfu olwdkYa&bl;awGudk jzKwfay;vdkufonf/ ol
wdkYESpfa,muf vSnfhxGufoGm;aomtcg udkatmifonf oli,fcsif;ESpf
a,muf\ ausmjyifudk ai;Munfh&if; usefaecJhavonf/
]]uJ...igwdkY 'DvdkaevdkY rjzpfbl;? a&mufEdkifoavmufawmh qufNyD;
avQmufrSjzpfr,f}}
jrihfaomif;u ajymajymqdkqkdyif udkatmifhudk xrf;vdkufonf/
odkY&mwGif olwdkYqufavQmufoGm;Muí q,frdepfcefYtMumrSmyif ae0if
oGm;cJhavonf/
arSmifaeNyD/
ajryHkonf c&D;vrf;udk nTefjy&ef toHk;r0ifawmhacs/ olwdkYa&muf
aeaom ae&mudkyif cefYrSef;&ef cufonf/ prf;w0g;0g;avQmufae&onf/
aetyl'Pf rcH&awmhaomaMumifh c&D;wGifoa,mif&Sdonf/ awmifukef;
uav;wpfck\ xdyfta&mufwGif rsKd;jrifhvGifu &yfem;cdkif;vdkufonf/
]]'Dtwdkif; qufavQmufoGm;aevdkYawmh rjzpfbl;? uGefywfpfukd

~ 223 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

MunfhvdkY&ayr,fh ajryHku oHk;vdkYr&awmhbl;}}


]][kwfw,fuG? vrf;rSm;oGm;rSm pdk;&w,f}}
trSefum; olwdkYonf wu,fyif vrf;rSm;aeMuNyD jzpfygonf/
pcef;udk jyefEdkifonfh vrf;aMumif;rS aoGz,fí tawmfyif c&D;uRHíae
avNyD/ cktwdkif;qdkvQif q&mwkdYvSnf;iSm;í vdkufvmonfhwdkifatmifyif
olwdkYESihfawGY&ef rvG,fulawmhNyD/
]]igwdkY wu,fyJ vrf;rSm;aeNyDuGm}}
]][kwfw,f? tvmvrf;wkef;u 'Dawmifukef;udk rawGYcJh&bl;}}
olwdkYtm;vHk; pdk;&drfoGm;Muavonf/
]]b,fvdkvkyfMurvJ}}
]]igwdkYudk rar;eJY? udkatmifhudkar;? 'Daumifu qufoGm;csifw,f
qdk&if bmyJjzpfjzpf qufoGm;r,f? udkatmihfudk xrf;oGm;&vdkY aocsif
aooGm;yap}}
jrifhaomif;\pum;onf avmuGwfysLiSmjzpfatmif [efvkyfí
ajymaejcif;r[kwf? jrifhaomif;wpfa,mufwnf;om xdkoabmrsKd;&Sdaejcif;
vnf;r[kwf/ olwdkYtm;vHk;yif jrifhaomif;ESihf wpfpdwfwnf; wpfoabm
wnf; &SdMuavonf/
udkatmifonf jrihfaomif;udk pdkufMunhfaeonf/ ol rsuf&nf0Jvm
onf/ olYcspfoli,fcsif;aumif;rsm;onf olYudk xrf;vm&onfhtwGuf
tb,frQ yifyef;aeMurnfudk ol em;vnfonf/ odkY&mwGif olwdkY ryifyef;
csifa,mif aqmifaeMuonfudkvnf; ol odvkdufonf/
]]rif;wdkY aumif;ovdkom pDpOfMuyguGm}}

~ 224 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmif pdwf"mwfusoGm;NyD/
]]tm;ri,fygeJYuGm? rif;oGm;csifw,fqdk&if tcknwGif;csif; rjzpf
jzpfatmif vdkufydkYr,f}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifum; wpfpHkwpfckudk av;eufpGm pOf;pm;aeonf/
'DtkyfpkrSm olacgif;aqmif? tppt&m&mtwGuf olYrSm wm0ef&Sdonf/
tajctaeukd oHk;oyfMunhfonf/ vrf;rSm;aewm aocsmNyD/ vrf;rSefudk
jyef&SmzdkY rvG,faMumif;vnf; odonf/ onftwdkif; prf;w0g;0g;
qufoGm;aeívnf; rjzpfEdkif? ydkíqdk;aom tajctaeESifhom &ifqdkif &Ekdif
onf/ ol qHk;jzwfvdkufonf/ rwwfEdkifbl; oli,fcsif;/
]]tm;vHk;emaxmifuGm? 'Dtwdkif;qufoGm;&if vrf;rSm;oxuf rSm;
zdkYyJ &Sdw,f/ 'Dawmh...}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu udkatmifudk wpfcsufMunhfvdkufonf/ udkatmifum;
jzpfvdk&mjzpfapawmh[lí pdwfESvHk; 'Hk;'Hk;csvdkuf[efwlonf/ tHudkBudwfí
wpfae&mokdY ai;Munhfaeonf/ rsKd;jrifhvGif pdwfraumif;jzpfoGm;onf/
odkY&mwGif rwwfomawmhygNyD/
]]'Dawmh...'Dn wdkY 'Dae&mrSmyJ tdyfMu&vdrfhr,f? reuftvif;
a&mif &wmeJYwpfNydKifeuf vrf;rSef&Smr,f? tvif;a&mif&wmeJY uGefywfpfeJY
ajryHkudk jyefoHk;vdkY &vmrSmyJ? at;av...'DMum;xJrSmvnf; q&mwdkYeJY
awGYcsif awGYOD;rSmyg}}
udkatmif pdwfavQmhvdkufavonf/ qefeDudk,fay:wGif rSDxm;&if;
u oufjyif;udk av;uefpGm csvdkufonf/
reufqdkvQif rpdefwifonf ompnfodkY jyefawmhrnf/ tdk...nae
wkef;uqdkvQif rpdefwifonf yef;tjzLuav;udk yefxm;ygrnfvm;/

~ 225 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

acsmif;ul;wHwm;av;qDodkY rMumcP vSrf;arQmfMunhfvdrfhrnf/


pdwfa,muf,ufcwfí tdrfxJodkY 0ifcsnf qdkifa&SUodkY xGufcsnf jyKvdrfh
rnf/
wpfpHkwpfckvkyfvdkufvQif trSm;rSm; t,Gif;,Gif; jzpfvdrfhrnf/
tcsdefvifhvmonfESihf [efraqmifEdkifawmhbJ acsmif;ul;wHwm;uav;xdyf
txd oGm;í arQmfaevdrfhrnf? tcsdefukefoGm;aomtcg acgif;tHk;uav;udk
zufí tpfudk vSnfhpm;w,f [lí txyfxyftcgcg idk,dk&Gwfqdk vdrhfrnf/
reufusvdkY ompnfodkYjyef&ef &GmrS rxGufcif tcsdefrD ta&muf
roGm;EdkifcJhygvQif...
oufjyif;csoHonf wdwfqdwfaom nü us,favmifpGm xGufay:
vmonf/
]]pdwfrylygeJY reufusvdkY rawGY&ifvJ igwdkY tjyefus&if ompnf
txd vdkufoGm;r,fuGm? rawGY awGYatmif &Smr,f}}
udkatmifu acgif;udk jznf;nif;pGm cgonf/
]]ckavmufqdk&ifyJ ighudk rkef;oGm;avmufygNyDuGm}}
]]rif;uvJuGm odyfpdwfaysmhwmyJ}}
qefeDu udkatmihfudk a0zefonf/
]]a[haumif? awmfprf; ‘'Dtcsdef[m wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf
a0zefa&; vkyfae&r,hf tcsdefr[kwfbl;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu 0if[efYwm;vkdufonf/
]]uJ ... qefeDeJY jrifhaomif; xif;oGm;&Sm? rD;zdk&r,f rMumapeJY

~ 226 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

ta0;BuD;roGm;eJY? "m;udk tqifoifhxkwfNyD; udkifxm;}}


rD;zdkwpfckudk tjrefqHk; zdkvdkufMuonf/ rD;zdk&SdaevQif taEG;"mwf
&rnf/ tvif;a&mif&rnf/ NyD;awmh awmaumif\ tEÅ&m,fudk umuG,f
Edkifrnf/
udkatmifonf oli,fcsif;wdkY\ &ifcGifxJrSm rSDae&onfudk tm;em
vmonf/ odkY&mwGif ol vIyfvdkYr&? vIyfvdkufvQif emonf/
nOfheufvmaomtcg tat;'Pfu ydkívmonf/ rD;zdkxm;aomf
vnf; ajrmufjyefavonf t&JpGefYí wdk;wdk;0ifvmav\/ udkatmifh
'Pf&mu wppfppf udkufvmavonf/
udkatmihfnnf;oH wpfcsufxGufvmonf/
]]udkatmif bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]awmfawmf emaevm;}}
udkatmifu acgif;udk ndwfjyonf/
]]odyfudkufw,fuGm}}
]]at;vdkYuG}}
jrifhaomif;onf udkatmifhvufudk udkifMunhfonf/ vufzsm;awG
at;pufaeonf/ olonf olYzD;vfukwfrS Mu,foD;awG jzKwfvdkufonf/
]]rsKd;jrifheJYqefeD rif;wdkY zD;vfukwfawG cRwfprf;}}
zD;vfukwftusÐoHk;xnf? wpfxnfudk udkatmihfausmatmufrSm
cif;onf/ wpfxnfudk tay:u xyf0wfay;onf/ wpfxnfudk udk,fay:
rSm vTrf;jcHKay;vdkufonf/

~ 227 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmifonf rsufvHk;udk jznf;nif;pGm zGihfMunhfonf/


tkd...cspfoli,fcsif;rsm;onf tm;upm;pydkY&Syfuav;awGESihf/
'Davmuf csrf;vdkufvSonfh tcsdefrSm b,fvdkrsm; ae&SmMurvJ/
]]rif;wdkYtusÐawG jyef0wfxm;yguGm}}
]][m...&ygw,fuG? rcsrf;ygbl;? jrihfaomif;qdk&if reuftapmBuD;
ESif;awGMum;xJrSm pydkY&Syfyg;yg;uav;0wfNyD; at;wdkYtdrfa&SUrSm jzwf
avQmuf&if; 0dwfxkwfxkwfjyaeusyJ[m? t[J}}
qefeDu pdwfnpfp&mawG aysmufvdkaysmufjim; &,fp&m ajym\/
b,folrS r&,fMuacs/
cPMumrS rsKd;jrifhvGif owd&oGm;NyD; oGm;udkNzJí &,fEdkif&ef BudK;
pm;onf/ at;vGef;í yg;aMumawG wif;aeaomaMumifh &,fonfESihf rwl/
]]ig ausmydk;tdwfwpfckckudk acgif;tHk;r,fuGm? rif;wkdY aygifay:rSm
ae&wm rif;wdkY anmif;aevdrfhr,f}}
]]udpör&Sdygbl;uGm? ausmydk;tdwfxJrSmu ausmufcJawGeJYuG? rif;
acgif;emvdrhfr,f? NyD;awmh rif;&JUausmydk;tdwfxJrSmvJ opfcGyef;awGeJY
aMuukefvdrfhr,f}}
a[m...opfcGyef;wJh/
olYpdwfonf acsmif;uav;qDodkY 'kef;pdkif;ajy;oGm;jyef\/
apmifhygOD;cspfol/
rjyefygeJYOD;aemf/
opfcGyef;uav;awG yefol rJhaeygOD;r,f/

~ 228 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

yef;uav;awGudk oem;yg/
udkatmif tdyfaysmfoGm;avonf/ tdyfcsifí tdyfaysmfoGm;jcif;um;
r[kwfEdkif/ yifyef;vGef;í? ‘'Pf&mu emusifvGef;í? rdef;armoGm;jcif;om
jzpfEdkifonf/ rnfodkYyifjzpfygap? oltdyfrufaumif;rsm; rufvdrfhrnf
trSef/
nonf wdwfqdwfae\/
wdwfqdwfjcif;onf qlnHjcif;udk jzpfay:jyefaponf/
opf&Gufwpf&Gufa<uoHonf a0gceJ jrnfoGm;wwfonf/ ausm
pdrfhoGm;ap\/ MuufoD;xoGm;ap\/
olwdkYoHk;a,mufonf "m;rsm;udk uspfuspfygatmif qkyfudkifvsuf?
toifhapmifhaeMuonf/ tEÅ&m,fonf b,fuvmrnfenf;/
]]usm;...usm;...}}
udkatmif xatmfonf/ tem&SdefaMumifh ua,mifuwrf; xatmf
jcif; jzpfygonf/
]]udkatmif...udkatmif}}
]]usm;...usm;...vdkufqGJaeNyD? ighajcaxmufukd usm;qGJaeNyD?
tm;...}}
]]a[haumif... oli,fcsif;udkatmif? bmrSrjzpfbl;? rif;udk igayGY
xm;w,f}}
udkatmifum; twif;½kef;uefaeonf/
]]usm;qGJNyD trav;}}

~ 229 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]a[h...a[h... ig usm;udk "m;eJYxdk;owfvdkufNyD? aooGm;NyDuG}}


qefeDu BuH&mr&bJ ajymrdajym&m ajymvdkufonf/ udkatmif
jidrfusoGm;avonf/ ol armaeNyD/ olY&ifonf edrhfcsnfjrifhcsnf jzpfae
onf/ acR;awGu wpfudk,fvHk;&TJvsuf ol rsufpd rzGihfEdkif/ olYyg;pyfxJodkY
a&tenf;i,f avmif;xnfhay;vdkufonf/ udkatmif jyefí rdef;arm oGm;
jyef\/ rsKd;jrifhvGif\ aygifay:rSm acgif;rSDvsuf/
]]rsKd;jrifh...rif; anmif;aevdrhfr,f? igwdkYaygifay:rSm wpfvSnhf
tdyfygapOD;}}
]]rjzpfbl;uG? vIyfvdkuf&if Edk;oGm;vdrfhr,f? ckvkdNidrfaerS? NyD;awmh
tdyfaewm aumif;w,f? 'grS tm;&SdoGm;r,f}}
jrifhaomif;ESihfqefeDonf rD;zdkrSm rD;rjywf&atmif xif;vdkuf&SmMu
&onf/ useftcsdefrsm;wGif "m;udkudkifí uif;apmifhMu&onf/ 'Dnawmh
olwdkYoHk;a,muf tdyf&awmhrnf r[kwf/
rsKd;jrifhvGifonf tanmif;'Pfudk usdwfrSdwfcHae&onf/ vIyfvdkuf
vQif udkatmifEdk;oGm;rSm pdk;vdkY/
&mrZmwfawmfxJwGif nDawmfvu©Ponf olYaygifay:rSm tdyf
aeaom aemifawmf&mrrif;om; Edk;oGm;rnfpdk;í awmrSuf½dkif;BuD;u olYudk
vmudkufaeonfudkyif rvIyfr,Suf cHaeonf[k qdkonf/
cktcsdefrSmom okusdwf arsmufrif;onf rsKd;jrifhvGifESihfudkatmif
wkdYudk jrif&vQif rsuf&nfusrdvdrfhrnf trSefyg/

~ 230 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(13)

a&mifeDysKdUvmNyD/
tat;'Pfonf rMumrDrSmyif upOfhuvsm; qkwfcGm&ayawmh
rnf/
aerif;BuD;u 0g;ceJ orf;a0vkdufaomtcg ESif;yGihfwdkYonf ykef;ckd
&rnfhae&mukd tylwjyif; &Sm&awmhonf/
yef;yGifhuav;rsm; rsufESmopfaeMuNyD/
olwdkYoli,fcsif; av;a,mufum; iSufuav;rsm;xufyif apmí
tdyf&mrS xMuonf/ udkatmifrSvGJí usefoHk;a,muftzdkYrl tdyf&mrS
xonf[kyif ajymvdkYr&yg/ olwdkY wpfnvHk;rS rtdyf&bJav/
]]udkatmif b,fvdkaeao;vJ}}
]]oufomygw,fuGm}}
udkatmifonf nu tdyfvdkuf&aomaMumihf olYrsufESm tenf;
i,f vef;qef;aeonf/ jrifhaomif;u a&bl;udkzGifhí udkatmifhudk aomuf
cdkif;vdkufonf/
tdk... ckrSyif owd&onf/
cspfoli,fcsif;wdkYonf a&jywfoGm;rnfpdk;í a&udk vHk;0
raomufbJ aecJhMuavonfwum;/
udkatmif 0rf;enf;oGm;onf/

~ 231 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]rif;wdkYvJ aomufyguGm}}
]]&ygw,fuG? igwdkY rqmygbl;}}
]]nu rif;wdkY a&raomufbl; r[kwfvm;}}
]]aomufygw,fuG}}
]]rnmeJYuGm? ckaomufvdkuf}}
]]&ygw,f}}
]]aomufyguGm? ig pdwfraumif;atmifawmh rvkyfygeJY}}
olwdkYu a&bl;udk,lí wpfiHkpDrQavmuf aomufMuonf/
]]uJ...oGm;MupdkY}}
]]ig prf;avQmufMunhfr,f}}
]]rjzpfygbl;}}
]]BudK;pm;Munfh...}}
]]udkatmif pum;r&SnfeJY NidrfNidrfvdkufcJhprf;}}
qefeDu udkatmifhudk xrf;vdkufonf/
rsKd;jrifhvGifu ajryHkudk Munhfonf/ uGefywfpfudk Munfhonf/
]]igwdkY a&mufaewJhae&mu vrf;rSm;aewmawmh aocsmw,f/
'gayr,fh jyefauGYzdkY rvdkbl;? 'Dtwdkif; aemhoftdpfudk oGm;&if
acsmif;urf;yg;udk a&mufr,f? acsmif;twdkif; pkefoGm;&if &Gmudk jyefa&muf
rSmyJuG}}
]]'gqdk vpfMupdkY}}

~ 232 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tarSmifxkuawmh awmfawmfyg;aeNyD/ ae aumif;pGm rxGufao;


aomfvnf; ywf0ef;usifudk aumif;pGm cefYrSef;vdkY &NyD/ a&SUrSm awmifukef;
uav;wpfck&Sdonf/ odkY&mwGif olwdkY uHaumif;onf/ awmifMum;vrf;
uav; &Sdae\/
udkatmifhudk ycHk;ajymif;vdkufonf/ ckwpfcg jrifhaomif; xrf;
tvSnhf/
aexGufvmNyD/
acR;pdkYvmMuNyD/
odkY&mwGif olwdkY rem;Mu? wpfa,mufarmvQif wpfa,muf
xrf;onf/ trSefawmh tm;vHk;armaeMuygNyD/ udkatmifvnf; armwmygyJ/
olu pdwfarmwm/
]]rif;wdkYudk ig odyftm;emvSNyDuGm}}
]]bmjzpfvdkY tm;em&rSmvJuG? udk,fholi,fcsif;udk,f xrf;wmyJ}}
]]igwdkYxJu wpfa,mufa,muf ckvdkjzpf&ifvJ rif;xrf;rSmyJ
r[kwfvm;}}
]]'gayr,fhuGm...ck...}}
]]wdwfMu? aoaocsmcsm em;axmifprf;}}
rsKd;jrifhvGifu em;pGihf&if; ajymonf/
tvdk...bmoHvJ/
prf;a&pD;oHav/
]]a[h...a&pD;oH r[kwfvm;}}

~ 233 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kwfy...[kwfy}}
awmifMum;vrf;uav;udk ausmfvmaomtcg [dkbufrSm acsmif;
uav;udk bGm;ceJ awGY&onf/ ndKjyma&mif ausmufwHk;BuD;rsm;udk auGYywf
pD;aeonhf arwåmacsmif;uav;/
]]a[;...}}
olwdkY ajy;oGm;Muavonf/ acsmif;a&jzifh rsufESmopfonf? a&
aomufonf? 'Dacsmif;urf;yg;twdkif; pkefqif;í oGm;cJhygvQif...
]]oGm;MupdkYa[;...}}
acsmif;urf;yg;twdkif; avQmufMuonf/ awmifukef;awG rwuf
&awmh/ c&D;wGifvSonf/ ajcvSrf;wdkYonf t&rf;oGufaeMuavonf/
aea&mifonf aumif;pGm yGihfvef;aeonf/
ywf0ef;usif wpfckvHk;udk xif&Sm;pGm jrifae&avNyD/
tm;vHk;vef;qef;aeMuonf/ arm&yef;&rSef;yif rod? rsufESm
tm;vHk; MunfMunfvifvif/ udkatmifum; jyHK;vdkYyif aevdkufao;awmh?
[dkae&muav;udk rSef;MunfhvdkYyif &EdkifygNyD/
]]udkatmif...[dkrSm Munhfprf;}}
[,f...[dku rD;cdk;wvlvlxGufaewJh wJuav;[m taMumfwJ
uav; r[kwfygvm;/
NyD;awmhusawmh.../
[dkwHwm;uav;uaum/
wdkY&JUwHwm;uav; r[kwfvdkY bmrsm;jzpfOD;rSmvJ/

~ 234 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]]oGm;r,f}}
udkatmifu qefeDYycHk;ay:rS avQmqif;vdkufonf/
]]a[haumif rjzpfygbl;uGm? igwdkY xrf;ydkYyghr,f}}
]]aeayhap &w,f}}
udkatmif axmheJYaxmheJY ajy;vmonf/
qifeJYawGYwkef;u atmifbkef;0if; xrf;pifay:u qif;ajy;wm
bm[kwfao;ovJ/
udkatmifwJhuGaemf.../
avjynfuav;u udkatmihfausmjyifudk aemufrS 0dkif;ulwGef;ay;
onf/
yef;yGifhuav;rsm; vufckyfMobmay;Mu\/
prf;a&pD;onf udkatmifhudk NydKifí rEdkifrSef;odojzifh a&pD;&Sdefudk
avQmhcsvdkuf&onf/
anmifyifBuD;onf yef;0if tcsufjytvHudk csKd;&ef vufudkyif
ajr§mufvdkufavNyD/

~ 235 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

tcef;(14)
]]taroef;...rpdefwifaum}}
yxrOD;qHk; pum;jzpfonf/
taroef;u tHhMopGm Munfhae\/
]]armifudkatmif...b,fvdkjzpf...}}
]]rpdefwif aum...}}
'Dpum;uvGJí ajymp&m r&SdygNyD/ udkatmifu wJtwGif; usD;uef;
awmifarSmuf &Smjyefonf/ taroef;u acgif;udk jznf;av;pGm
cg&rf;onf/
]]reuftapmBuD;uyJ ompnfudk jyefoGm;NyD}}
]]cifAsm}}
rsufvHk;awG jymoGm;onf/
ajcaxmufrsm; nGwfacGusoGm;onf/
rsKd;jrifhvGifu 0ifxdef;vdkuf&onf/
udkatmifonf rsKd;jrifhvGif\ ycHk;ay:rSm rSD&if; arm[dkufaeonf/
]]bmrSmoGm;ao;vJ a':a':}}
jrifhaomif;u 0ifar;onf/
]]bmrS rrSmbl;uG,hf}}
ajzonf/

~ 236 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

udkatmif tHudk Budwfvdkufonf/


cGJcGmjcif;[laomt&monf olYESvHk;om;udk tMurf;zuf tydkifpD;
vkdufNyDwum;/
]]oGm;r,f}}
udkatmif vSnfhxGuf\/ ,dkifoGm;onf/ jrifhaomif;u 0ifwGJ
onf/ wJuav;qDodkY wpfcsufvSnfhMunfhonf/ csmceJ vSnfhvdkufonf/
qefeDu q&mwdkYudk ac:&ef ajy;xGufoGm;onf/
acsmif;uav; urf;yg;rSm ol xdkifcsvdkufonf/
ausmydk;tdwfudk zGifhonf/
opfcGyef;uav;rsm;/
acsmif;a&xJodkY arQmvdkufonf/
tvGrf;aomifESihf rNidMuygapESihf/

]]a[h...udkatmif...udkatmif...igvmNyDa[h}}
qvdkif;toHudk ta0;rS Mum;&onf/ vSrf;arQmfMunfhaomtcg
qvdkif;onf vufudk a0SY,rf;&if; ajy;vmaeonf/ udkatmifonf qvdkif;
udk ai;armMunfhaeqJrSmyif/
qvdkif;onf vufudk a0SY,rf;jyaejcif; r[kwfyg/ vufxJu
wpfpHkwpfckudk a0SY&rf;jy&if; ajy;vmaejcif; jzpfygonf/
]]a[h...Munhfprf; Munhfprf;...qvdkif; vufxJu[m yef;yGifhuav;
r[kwfvm;}}

~ 237 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

]][kwfw,f...[kwfw,f}}
odkY&mwGif ta&mifudk roJuGJ/
teDvm;...
tjzLvm;...
olwdkY &ifwrr apmifhaeMuonf/
eD;vmNyD/
jrifuGif;onf jywfom;oGm;NyD/

]]a[...tjzLuG...tjzLuG}}
olwdkYonf OD;xkyfrsm;udk avxJodkY vTifhajr§mufvdkufMuavonf/
udkatmifonf qvdkif;tem;a&mufonftxd bmrQrajymEdkif/
ai;ai;BuD;om pdkufMunfhaeonf/ qvdkif;um; wHwm;&Sd&modkYyif roGm;
awmhbJ a&xJrSyif tarmwaum jzwful;vmonf/ a&pufa&rIefwdkY
wvGifhvGifh pOfxae\/
aea&mifwGif wvufvuf awmufyaeaom a&rIefwdkYtMum;rSm
yef;yGihfjzLjzLuav;? ESif;qDyef;jzLjzLuav;yg/
]]a&mh...rpdefwifu rif;udk ay;vdkufwm}}
]]ol...ol...uaum}}
]]olawmh jyefoGm;NyD? nu rif;wdkY jyefvmrvm;vdkY igwdkY
wpfnvHk; apmifhao;w,f? reufav;em&Davmufusawmh rif;wdkY a&muf

~ 238 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

rvmwmeJY? ig rpdefwifqDoGm;NyD; rif;taMumif; ajymjyw,fuG}}


xkdnu rpdefwifonfvnf; rtdyfEdkifcJhyg/ ESif;qDyGifhtjzLuav;
udk acgif;rSm yefí wpfnvHk; apmifhaeonf/ tdyfvdkufvQif yef;uav;
aMuoGm;rnf r[kwfvm;/ qvdkif;vmajymí udkatmifhtaMumif; odoGm;
aomtcg olYacgif;u yef;yGifhuav;udk jzKwfay;vdkufonf/
cspfaom udkatmifhtm; ay;vdkufygav/

udkatmifum; jyHK;aeavonf/
yef;yGifhuav;udk pdkufMunhfonf/
erf;vdkufonf/
cspfESif;qD\ arT;&eHYonf olYESvHk;om;ay:ü atmifvHvTifxl
vkdufavonf/
q&m a&mufvmonf/
]]udkatmif b,fvdkaeao;vJ}}
q&mu olYudk 0ifayGUvdkufonf/
q&mhudk ol armhMunhfonf/ q&mu MuifempGm jyHK;jyonf/
]]uRefawmfhudk ompnfaq;½Hk ydkYay;ygq&m}}
q&mu udkatmihfvufudk zspfn§pfvdkufonf/
]]q&m em;vnfygw,f ighnD&,f}}
udkatmifh&ifxJrSm vIdufceJ jzpfoGm;onf/

~ 239 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

q&mh&ifcGifrSm rsufESmtyfvkdufonf/
ol idkaeovm; rodyg/
odkY&mwGif wpfckawmh aocsmonf/
q&mhESvHk;ckefoHudk Mum;&jcif;tm;jzifh...
q&mhrSmvnf; acR;pdkYaeaom ESvHk;om;wpfck&SdaMumif; odvdkuf
&onf/
aerif;BuD;onf olwdkYudk jyHK;jyHK;BuD; Munhfaeav\/

rif;vl
(27-2-78)

~ 240 ~
rif;vl cspfaomyef;uav;

t
.ne
pid
rcu
ma
an
my
w.
ww

~ 241 ~