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Unit 8 Review

Write increases or decreases to complete each relationship. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. As volume increases, pressure ____decreases____________________. As volume increases, temperature ________increases_______________. As pressure increases, temperature ________increases______________. As pressure increases, concentration _____increases________________. As force decreases, pressure _______decreases_______________.

True or False. 6. ___T_______ The Kinetic Theory of Matter deals with moving particles. 7. ____T______ Gases can be collected by trapping them over water. 8. ____T______ Real gases exist in the world around us. 9. ____T______ Densities of gases are lower than 1 g/mL. 10. ____F______ If the barometric pressure is falling, that means good weather is coming. 11. ____T______ The troposphere contains the most air particles. 12. ____T______ Temperature is a measure of how fast particles are moving.

13. The gas that makes up the highest percentage of the atmosphere is _____nitrogen_________________. 14. Atmospheric pressure is measured using a ____barometer_____________________. 15. Squeezing gas particles together is known as _____compressibility_________________. 16. When particles collide with the sides of a container, they create _____pressure_______. 17. The spreading of a gas through a small opening is ______effusion_____________. 18. The number of gas particles present is called the ______concentration_____________. Gas Law Problems. Write the answer with the correct unit. 19. A gas has a beginning pressure of 2.95 atm and a volume of 5.15 L. If the ending pressure is 4.23 atm, what is the ending volume? P1V1 = P2V2 (2.95)(5.15) 4.23 = 3.59 20. A gas has a beginning temperature of 300 K and a volume of 4.06 L. If the ending temperature is 176 K, what is the ending volume? V1T2 = V2T1 (4.06)(176) 300 = 2.38 21. A gas has a beginning pressure of 2.09 atm, a temperature of 268 K, and a volume of 0.450 L. If the ending pressure is 1.2 atm and the temperature is 149 K, what is the ending volume? P1V1T2 = P2V2T1

(2.09)(0.450)(149) 1.2 268 = 0.436 22. A system of gases has a total pressure of 760 mm. The pressures of two of the gases in the system are 233.5 mm and 138.67 mm. What is the pressure of the remaining gas? PT = P 1 + P 2 + P 3 P3 = 387.83 23. Hydrogen was collected over water. The total pressure of the system was 730 mm. The water vapor pressure was 45.2 mm. What was the pressure of the hydrogen gas? PT = Pgas + PH2O Pgas = 684.8 24. A gas has a pressure of 1.94 atm, a temperature of 330 K, and 0.74 moles. What is the volume of the gas? PV = nRT R = 0.0821 (0.74)(0.0821)(330) 1.94 = 10.3