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HSPA+ A Technical Analysis

Duration: 4 days Level: Level 4

HSPA+ Air Interface - Technical Analysis (4 days)


Course Outline
Divided into 10 sections, the topics covered will include:

Section 1: Introducing UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ (1 hour)


3GPP Evolution - from R5 to R10, the goals of LTE. Review of the HSPA+ Architecture, UTRAN, UTRA, Node B and RNC Interfaces, MSC, SGSN, GGSN and IMS. User Equipment Functionality and Identities. Network Identities, LAC, RAC and Cell Identity. UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ Performance.

Section 2: Review of the UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ Physical Layer (1.5 hours)


Services provided by the Physical Layer. Overview of WCDMA. UMTS / HSPA Frame Structure and Slots. UMTS / HSPA / HSPA+ Frequency Bands, Carrier Frequencies and UARFCN. The Downlink Physical Channels - CPICH, P-CCPCH, S-CCPCH, DPCH, DPCCH, DPDCH, HS-PDSCH, HS-SCCH, EAGCH, E-RGCH, E-HICH. The Uplink Physical Channels - PRACH, DPCCH, DPDCH, HS-DPCCH, E-DPCCH and E-DPDCH. Modulation and Coding, QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM. MIMO in HSPA+.

Section 3: UMTS / HSPA / HSPA+ Air Interface Protocols (3 hours)


The use of NAS, IP, RRC, PDCP, RLC and MAC. The UTRA Interface, Stratums, NAS Control Plane, NAS User Plane, NAS Messages, MM Messages and SM Messages. Mobility and Session Management States. The UTRA Protocols - Radio Resource Control, RRC Messages, RRC States, Establishment of an RRC Connection. PDCP Services and Functions, PDCP Profiles, Compression Standards, PDCP Headers and Frame Formats. RLC, RLC Transparent Mode, RLC Unacknowledged Mode and RLC Acknowledged Mode, RLC PDUs, the TMD PDU, UMD PDU, AMD PDU and the RLC Status PDU. MAC Functions and Operation. Logical Channels - BCCH, PCCH, CCCH, DCCH, DTCH. Transport Channels - BCH, DCH, PCH, UL-SCH, RACH, HS-DSCH, E-DCH. Mapping Logical Channels into Transport Channels - RNTI Identities, Random Access Process, Non-contention Based

Random Access Procedure.

Section 4: UMTS / HSPA / HSPA+ Operational Procedures (2.5 hours)


Contents of RRC MIB, SB and SIB messages, Scheduling Options. PLMN selection and Initial Cell Selection Algorithms, Optimization of Parameters. UMTS Initial Procedures - RRC Connection, Signalling Radio Bearers. Attach and PDP Context. RRC UE Capability and Security. RRC Messages in Operation. UMTS Security - Authentication, Algorithms and Keys, Ciphering and Integrity. End to End Downlink and Uplink IP Data Flow.

Section 5: UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ Mobility (1 hour)


UMTS and HSPA Mobility, Cell Planning. Mobility Functional Architecture, Role of the Node B and RNC. Idle Mode Procedure. UTRA Measurements, RSSI, CPICH_Ec/No, RSCP. Cell Reselection, Intra-frequency Measurements, Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements, Ranking of Cells. Mobility in the UMTS Connected State, Measurements and Compressed Mode Configurations, Event Triggers, Timing and the Handover Process. 3GPP Interworking.

Section 6: Spread Spectrum Principles (1 hour)


Multiple Access Techniques - TDMA / FDMA / CDMA. Spread Spectrum Techniques and Coding Gain, Direct Sequence CDMA. Multiple Access Interference. Pseudo Random Bit Sequence Generation. OVSF - Orthogonal Variable Spreading Process, Walsh Codes and Multipath. WCDMA Issues - The Near Far Problem, Power Control in UMTS, Open Loop and Closed Loop. Signal Reception - The Rake Receiver.

Section 7: 3GPP Baseband Processing (2 hours)


CRC Coding and Polynomials. Code Block Segmentation, Filler Bits, Turbo Coder Block Sizes, Code Block CRC Attachment. Convolutional and Turbo Coding, Interleaving in UMTS. Rate Matching, Bit Selection and Pruning. Transport Channel Multiplexing. Spreading (Channelization & Scrambling). Uplink / Downlink Channelization Codes, Uplink / Downlink Scrambling Codes. Pulse Shaping and Modulation in UMTS.

Section 8: 3GPP Channelization and Scrambling (1 hour)

Motivation - Increased Capacity and Increased Robustness. Uplink Spreading - one DPDCH, multiple DPDCHs. Uplink Scrambling Code Generation. Uplink Channelization Codes. Uplink Spreading - HPSK Modulation. Downlink DPCH Spreading. Downlink Scrambling Code Generation and Organization. Downlink Channelization Codes.

Section 9: Physical Channels for 3GPP FDD (1.5 hours)


Downlink Physical Channel Processing Gain. Transport Channels. Uplink Physical Channels, Downlink Physical Channels. Cell Search procedure, Slot Synchronization, Frame Synchronization. Scrambling Code Identification.

Section 10: HSPA and HSPA+ Processing (2.5 hours) UMTS Release 5 - HSDPA, Fast User Scheduling, Fast HARQ. UMTS Release 6 - HSPA, Addition of HSUPA Channels. UMTS Release 7 - HSPA+, MIMO, 64QAM, CPC. UMTS Release 8 - HSPA+, DC-HSDPA, MIMO and 64QAM.

LAB Sessions
The course contains a number of practical elements in the form of demonstrations and lab sessions. These include:

Lab Session 1: RRC Signalling Messages and Parameters (1.5 hours)


Getting ASN.1 from 3GPP Specifications. ASN.1 Message Encoding. Encoding the MIB, SB and SIB Messages. RRC Connection and Connection Setup Messages.

Lab Session 2: Radio Bearer Setup and Reconfiguration (1 hour)


Generating the RRC Radio Bearer Setup and RRC Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Messages. Configuration Options. Key Parameters.

Lab Session 3: Mapping of Physical Channels to the Resource Grid (1 hour)


Generating the Resource Grid.

Generating Physical Channels and Physical Signals. Mapping to the Resource Grid. Effect of Cell ID. Effect of Antenna Port.

Lab Session 4: Hybrid ARQ for HSPA/HSPA+ (0.5 hour)


PDSCH Transmission and Reception Processing. Uncoded Performance of QPSK, 16QAM and 64QAM. Coded Performance without Hybrid ARQ. Coded Performance Improvement with Hybrid ARQ.

Lab Session 5: Downlink Channel Estimation (1.5 hours) Channel Estimation in UMTS. Interpolation of Estimates. Effect of Channel Conditions in Estimates. Received Signal Equalization.

Demo 1: UMTS Transmission Mask (0.5 hour)


Transmission Mask Specifications. Windowing Effects. Additional Filtering Requirements.

Demo 2: MIMO in HSPA+ (0.5 hour)


Radiation Pattern Examples. 2 Antenna MIMO Directional Capability Example.

Demo 3: RRC Random Access (0.5 hour)


Cell Random Access Options. System Information Configuration Parameters.

Who Should Attend


Engineers and managers involved in design and testing of the UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ Radio Interface. Personnel who desire a

comprehensive explanation of the UMTS/HSPA/HSPA+ Radio Interface.

DMA Spread Coding Direct Multiple PRBS OVSFWalsh Power The Multiuser 2012 near rake (TDMA/FDMA/CDMA) sequence sequence codes control orthogonal gain spectrum Mpirical access receiver far detection problem and interference Limited CDMA generation techniques multipath variable spreading function