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R.H.

Law A very controversial law in our country that might give Filipinas an access to subsidized contraceptives, free family planning orientation and support, prenatal health care, and access of all to sex education is being passed by the congress but sanctioned and under the TRO of the supreme court of the Philippines. This law is no other than the Responsible Parent Hood Law or the Reproductive Health Law. The passing of the R.H. Law moulded a history in the Philippines because it is the very first law of its kind that passed the congress despite of the different sectors, group and people who are fighting against it. The very reason why the government passed this law is to lessen the booming population of the country. The population of the Philippines is: 2007 (NSO) 2010 (NSO) 88,566,732 92,337,852 2.04 Census Annual Rate (Basic census) Increase 1.90 Census

2013 (Commission 98,350,776 (NSO) on Population) Source: NSO (2013, September)

The data shows that the population of the Philippines is indeed getting bigger and bigger. In fact as of 2010 until now, we are rank #12 as the most populated country in the world. Gabriela Womans Party list says that: reproductive health care is not only a local human rights issue but instead its international. (ABS-CBN).A Dural also says that it (Reproductive Health) is indeed only one amongst many/numerous womens right that needs to be addressed. The Philippines is one of the most Catholic populated countries in the world. In fact we are the only Catholic state in the Southeast Asia, and Reproductive Health Law deeply divided our population. The debate is primarily between the powerful Catholic Church which they believe that it is against the doctrine of the church, and Government supported population control advocates, which they believe that it is high time to stop the booming population of the country. The drafting of sexual education and health care law was pushed and greatly supported by Pres. Benigno Aquino III (P-Noy) in December 2012, but the Supreme Court of the Philippines had delayed the imposition and effectiveness of the law. The Supreme Court issued TRO (Temporary Restraining Order) to the R.H. Law after May 2013 midterm elections, which have been decades in the making.

Some of the Provisions of R.H. Law that are not acceptable to the different sectors are: a. The legalization of abortion b. The way of artificial family planning method; and c. Sex education (starts for Grade IV and up) shall be taught for the students. The CBCP (Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines) is urging Supreme Court (SC) to declare the R. H. Law as unconstitutional, because according to them the law violates Article III, Section 12, 14 and 15, and Article III, Section 1 of the 1981 Philippine Constitution. In accordance also of what Sen. Jinggoy Estradas privilege speech last Sept. 23, 2013, he said that PDAF was used by the government to bribe those law makers to approve R.H. Bill into a law. The R.H. Law made a history, but the main question is Do people agree to the existence of this law? So the researcher asked 25 residence of Solana and 25 residence of Tuguegarao City whether they like or not the R.H. Law. Table 4: Solana Respondent Gender Female Male Total Yes 20 16 36 No 5 9 14 Total 25 25 50

The data above shows that people of Solana like the existence of the law. This data shows that Solanians is now more aware of their health (especially the women). They are also aware on the usage of contraceptives in their family planning. Table 5: Tuguegarao City Respondent Gender Female Male Total Yes 25 21 26 No 0 4 4 Total 25 25 50

The table above shows that Tuguegaraoenios have a great approval to the R. H. Law and they really like it to be implemented already.

Same Sex Marriage Our country is predominated by Christians, where majority are Roman Catholics, then followed by other Christian denomination and a large Muslim minority. Muslims like many other Judaeo-Christian religions, has a very large disacceptance to homosexuality. The issue on homosexuality is very rampant in our country. It is also very evident in the media, fashion, and the like. Anent this LGBTs (lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) community already formed a group namedLadLad and now it is one of the party list groups. The government especially Philippine Army announced last March 3, 2009 that it lifted its ban on allowing openly gay and bisexual man and woman for enlisting and serving in the Philippine Armed Forces. Sexual orientation and religion in fact does not exempt any citizen to join the CAT (Citizen Army Training) and ROTC (Resource Officer and Training Corporation). The Filipinos also has now a great acceptance to this LGBTs. As we can observe some of them are famous personalities in this country and even in the world like CharicePempengco, Vice Ganda, AizaSiguerra and a lot more. The AngLadlad is a new progressive political party, with a primary agenda of combating discrimination and harassment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. On 11 November 2009, the Philippine Commission on Elections (COMELEC) denied the Filipino LGBT political party AngLadlads petition to be allowed to run in the May 2010 elections, on the grounds of immorality. In the 2007 elections, AngLadlad was previously disqualified for failing to prove they had nationwide membership. On 8 April 2010, the Supreme Court of the Philippines reversed the ruling of COMELEC and allowed AngLadlad to join the May 2010 elections. (www.google.com.ph) Sectors recognized in the national electoral law include categories such as elderly, peasants,and labor, youth etc. Under the Philippine Constitution some 20% of seats in the House of Representatives are reserved. In 1995 and 1997, unsuccessful efforts were made to reform the law as to include LGBT people. A proponent of this reform was Senate President Pro Tempore Blas Ople who said (in 1997). In view of the obvious dislike of the administration for gay people, it is obvious that the president will not lift a finger to help them gain a sectorial seat. (www.wikipedia.com.ph) Due to this acceptance of the public to the AngLadlad Party list together with some group is now moving for the approval of the same sex marriage bill of

House Bill #1483. But the conservative religious leaders and other sectors disagree to that bill and they even said that it is immoral. In fact, Bro. Eddie Villanueva said that he is against same sex-marriage because it is against biblical teachings. TheAkbayan Citizens Action Party was the first Philippine political party to integrate LGBT rights into its platform in the 1990s although they are a minor political party. A major political opponent of LGBT rights legislation has been Congressman BienvenidoAbante (6th district, Manila) of the ruling conservative Lakas-CMD party. Rodolfo Biazon and his son RuffyBiazon along with Miriam Santiago are the most vocal opponents of same sex marriage in the Philippines. They have filed bills in the Senate and Congress in 2006 that would ban recognition of such marriage, even if those marriages were performed in other countries. As of 2009 the bills are stalled. The administration of former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was recently called not just gender insensitive, but gender-dead by Akbayan Party representative RisaHontiveros. Rep. Hontiveros also said that the absence of any policy protecting the rights of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender betrays the governments homophobia. This homophobic government treats LGBTs as second-class citizens, she said. www.yahoo.com.ph The CBCP said that same-sex marriage will destroy the sanctity of marriage and family; that it is against the teaching of God and also unconstitutional. Sen. MiriamDefensor Santiago said that it will be approved on given preference if they will anent the Family Code of the Philippine and that amendments will never happen. In 1998, Senators Marcelo B. Fernan and Miriam Defensor Santiago submitted a series of four bills that barred recognition of marriage involving transgender individuals, contracted in the Philippines or abroad, and bar recognition of marriages or domestic partnership between two people of the same biological sex contracted in the countries that legally recognize such relationships. Since 2006, three anti-same marriage bills have been introduced and are pending before the Senate and the Congress. In early 2011, Rep. Rene Relampagos of Bohol filed a bill to amend article 26 of the Philippine Family Code, to prohibit forbidden marriages. Specifically, this seeks to bar the Philippine state from recognizing same-sex marriage contracted overseas. The bill is in committee. www.google.com.ph

Same-sex marriage isnot legally recognized and the LGBT community is not protected by any Civil rights law in our country. In fact we have criminal laws that are against some acts of homosexuality. Although homosexual relationships between two adults in private is not a crime but a sexual conduct or affection happened on public places, this act is subjected to be a grave scandal, prohibited in Article 200 of the R.P.C. (Revised Penal Code of the Philippines). Despite all the odds, the LGBT community conducted experts to prove their rights even CBCP has always against gay rights. Based from www.google.com The main gay rights organizations in the UP Babaylan founded in 1992, and is the oldest and largest LGBT student organization in the Philippines, ProgayPhilippines, founded in 1993, which led the first Gay March in Asia in 1994, LAGABLAB, the Lesbian and Gay Legislative Advocacy Network established in 1999, STRAP (Society of Transsexual Women of the Philippines), a Manila-based support group for women of transsexual experience and transgender established in 2002, and Philippine Forum on Sports, Culture, Sexuality and Human Rights (TEAM PILIPINAS), a non-profit organization which evolved from Team Philippines to Sydney 2002 Gay Games and is now working to promote and strengthen human rights, sexual and gender diversity and equality and peace through research and advocacy through organizing the participation and representation of diverse Filipino sexual orientations and gender identities in local, regional and international LGBT sporting, cultural and human rights events. Due to the controversy and issue it created in our society the researcher ask 50 respondents from Solana and Tuguegarao. The researcher allocated 20 LGBT among respondents (10 from Solana and 10 from Tuguegarao City), 40 male (20 Solana and 20 Tuguegarao City) and 40 females (20-Solana and 20 Tuguegarao City. The researcher asked whether they agree on or not on the issue Same-sex Marriage.