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Ageing of nuclear power plants a threat for nuclear safety ?

Control methods accross Europe and

recent developments for measuring the risk

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW
Exploratory Workshop
European Parliament
Brussels
March 19, 2014

L

GDF SUEZ / Electrabel approach of

the Long Term Operation (LTO) project

in Belgium Challenges & actual status

Pierre DOUMONT

Group Senior Vice-président Nuclear Safety & Radiation Protection

AGENDA 1. Positioning Tihange 1 & Doel 1-2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for

AGENDA

1. Positioning Tihange 1 & Doel 1-2
1. Positioning Tihange 1 & Doel 1-2

2. Regulatory context

3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files

4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP

5. Planning and resources for its implementation

6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Nuclear Power in Belgium Doel Tihange 3 NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19,
Nuclear Power in Belgium Doel Tihange 3 NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19,

Nuclear Power in Belgium

Doel Tihange
Doel
Tihange

3

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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The nuclear fleet of GDF SUEZ Units Net Date of 1st criticality Design Cumulative net
The nuclear fleet of GDF SUEZ Units Net Date of 1st criticality Design Cumulative net

The nuclear fleet of GDF SUEZ

Units

Net

Date of 1st criticality

Design

Cumulative net load factor [%]

LTO

capacity

relevant

[MWe]

 

?

Doel 1

433

1974

Westinghouse

85.1

YES

Doel 2

433

1975

Westinghouse

82.1

YES

Doel 3

1006

1982

Framatome

84.0

 

Doel 4

985

1985

Westinghouse

83.6

 

Tihange 1

962

1975

Framatome

79.0

YES

Tihange 2

1008

1982

Framatome

85.8

 

Tihange 3

1015

1985

Westinghouse

86.6

 
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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1. Doel 1 - 433 MW

2. Doel 2 - 433 MW

3. Doel 3 - 1006 MW

4. Doel 4 - 1008 MW

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2
1
3
4
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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1.

Tihange 1 - 962 MW

2. Tihange 2 - 1008 MW

3. Tihange 3 - 1015 MW

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2
1
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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AGENDA 1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for

AGENDA

1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2

2. Regulatory context
2. Regulatory context

3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files

4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP

5. Planning and resources for its implementation

6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Regulatory context : Periodic Safety Reviews (P.S.R.) Regulatory context to operate the Belgian nuclear units

Regulatory context : Periodic Safety Reviews (P.S.R.)

Regulatory context to operate the Belgian

nuclear units

The Belgian units are in constant evolution

through the mandatory process of decennial

safety reviews (Periodic Safety Reviews) and Electrabel policy of continuous improvement.

This PSR concerns as well the design as the

operational conditions of the plants.

The plant itself has no technical defined lifetime. Some components have a limited lifetime, but most are replaceable (e.g. steam generators).

lifetime, but most are replaceable (e.g. steam generators). NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Regulatory context : Belgian Nuclear Phase Law Nuclear phase out law o Until 2003, the

Regulatory context : Belgian Nuclear Phase Law

Nuclear phase out law

o

Until 2003, the only regulatory limit on the lifetime was the

compulsory decennial review

o

In July 2012, the government announced its intention to extent

the lifetime of the Tihange 1 NPP to 50 years, to assure

electricity supply, while the closure of Doel 1 and 2 after 40 years was confirmed.

o In March 2014, official autorisation to extent the lifetime of the

Tihange 1 NPP.

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Regulatory context : Strategic Note from Nuclear Safety Authorities • In 2009 : Preparation of

Regulatory context :

Strategic Note from Nuclear Safety Authorities

In 2009 : Preparation of the LTO file based on one Strategic Note issued

by the Belgian Nuclear Safety Authorities :

Physical Ageing

Preconditions

Ageing

Design

Knowledge & Competence Management & Behavior

 Knowledge & Competence Management & Behavior Technological Obsolescence • In 2011 : Submission of

Technological

Obsolescence

In 2011 : Submission of LTO-file:

Re-evaluation of the design : proposal for design upgrades and related planning

Ageing management : documentation compliant with 10 CFR 54

In 2012 : Final definition of ‘Agreed Design Upgrade’ (ADU)

In 2015 : a) Revision or supplement of the Safety Analysis report

(including ageing management, LTO-actions…)

b) Full implementation of ageing management program

< 2020 : Realization of design modifications (Agreed Design Upgrade)

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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AGENDA 1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for

AGENDA

1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2

2. Regulatory context

3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files
3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files

4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP

5. Planning and resources for its implementation

6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Preconditions LTO-preconditions Safety Licensing Management Plant programmes analysis basis

Electrabel approach : Preconditions

LTO-preconditions Safety Licensing Management Plant programmes analysis basis system TLAA* documents In service
LTO-preconditions
Safety
Licensing
Management
Plant programmes
analysis
basis
system
TLAA*
documents
In service
Configuration
Maintenance
inspection
management
Equipment
qualification
Surveillance
and monitoring
Chemistry
programs
(*) : TLAA : Time Limited Ageing Analysis
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NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
Electrabel approach : Preconditions Interpretation of IAEA expectations Level of Ready for LTO TO-BE LTO

Electrabel approach : Preconditions

Interpretation of IAEA expectations

Level of

Ready for LTO TO-BE LTO effort Ageing management action plans Preconditions Continuous action plans improvement
Ready for LTO
TO-BE
LTO effort
Ageing management
action plans
Preconditions
Continuous
action plans
improvement
AS -IS situation
AS-IS
Evaluation of
current
preconditions
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
LTO report
LTO action plans
LTO period

LTO-readiness

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Ageing Standard AME Ageing Ageing Condition Management Scoping Screening Management

Electrabel approach : Ageing

Standard AME Ageing Ageing Condition Management Scoping Screening Management Assessment Program Review Review
Standard AME
Ageing
Ageing
Condition
Management
Scoping
Screening
Management
Assessment
Program Review
Review (AMR)
(CA)
(AMP Review)
Defining Ageing Management Programs (AMPs)
Establishing Time Limited Ageing Analysis (TLAA)
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Design LTO-DESIGN: Sources for design upgrade Other information sources for design re-evaluation

Electrabel approach : Design

LTO-DESIGN: Sources for design upgrade

Other information sources for design re-evaluation (a) Regulation watch (b) WENRA reference levels (c) Benchmarks
Other information sources
for design re-evaluation
(a)
Regulation watch
(b)
WENRA reference levels
(c)
Benchmarks
(d)
PSR look -back
(e) Operational experience feedback
(f) Design basis documentation
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Design Process for design upgrade : From Safety Concerns up to Agreed

Electrabel approach : Design

Process for design upgrade :

From Safety Concerns up to Agreed Design Upgrade (ADU)

ADU
ADU
4
4

16

Safety Concerns up to Agreed Design Upgrade (ADU) ADU 4 16 FOR EACH SOURCE Identifying &
FOR EACH SOURCE Identifying & clustering START safety concerns Weighing safety Screening concern safety
FOR EACH SOURCE
Identifying &
clustering
START
safety concerns
Weighing safety
Screening
concern
safety concern
clusters
clusters
Identifying &
weighing
risk factors
1
EVALUATION MATRIX Investigating Global potential assessment improvements of potential to safety improvements
EVALUATION MATRIX
Investigating
Global
potential
assessment
improvements
of potential
to safety
improvements
concerns
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3
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
Electrabel approach : Design Benchmark Fukushima Periodic Safety Reviews Operational Experience Feedback Safety

Electrabel approach : Design

Benchmark
Benchmark
Fukushima
Fukushima
Electrabel approach : Design Benchmark Fukushima Periodic Safety Reviews Operational Experience Feedback Safety
Electrabel approach : Design Benchmark Fukushima Periodic Safety Reviews Operational Experience Feedback Safety
Periodic Safety Reviews Operational Experience Feedback
Periodic Safety
Reviews
Operational
Experience
Feedback

Safety

concerns

Fukushima

Potential

improvements

Fukushima

Global

assessment

Potential improvements Fukushima Global assessment Design Basis Documentation WENRA ADU Regulation Watch NTW
Design Basis Documentation WENRA
Design Basis
Documentation
WENRA

ADU

Regulation Watch
Regulation
Watch
Design Basis Documentation WENRA ADU Regulation Watch NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Knowledge, Competence and Behaviour Approach aligned with LTO precondition approach Nuclear safety

Electrabel approach :

Knowledge, Competence and Behaviour

Approach aligned with LTO

precondition

approach

Nuclear safety culture OSART Knowledge management Self assessments Work groups Competence management OSART Self
Nuclear safety culture
OSART
Knowledge management
Self assessments
Work groups
Competence
management
OSART
Self assessments
Work groups
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Identifying Defining Defining Listing and and listing evaluation
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Identifying
Defining
Defining
Listing and
and listing
evaluation
Specifying scope
action
evaluating
Assessing
Reporting
of assessment
applicable
criteria and
plans
tools
procedures
framework
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Conclusions on LTO files A utility point of view on the justification for safe long

Conclusions on LTO files

A utility point of view on the justification for safe long term operation :

- The LTO file is an opportunity for a complete and systematic

approach of the physical ageing, based on international

references

- The LTO file is also an opportunity for reflections and for

developing a clear strategy to tackle the technological

obsolescence

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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AGENDA 1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for

AGENDA

1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2

2. Regulatory context

3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files

4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP
4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP

5. Planning and resources for its implementation

6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Scope of LTO for Tihange 1 837 The commitments scope of LTO bundled concerns in

Scope of LTO for Tihange 1

837 The commitments scope of LTO bundled concerns in 103 103 projects projects Design :
837 The commitments scope of LTO bundled concerns in 103 103 projects projects
Design : 12
Preconditions: 9
Knowledge, Competences
and Behaviour : 2
Mechanical
systems : 22
E I & C: 50
Mechanical
structures : 3
Civil works : 5
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Scope of LTO for Tihange 1 Some examples of these 103 projects • Preconditions 

Scope of LTO for Tihange 1

Some examples of these 103 projects

Preconditions

Equipment qualification

Reliability Centered Maintenance

System Health Reports

Ageing Complementary or first inspections (AMPs)

Replacement of components (mainly E I&C)

Upgrade of monitoring and maintenance

Design

Extension of existing back-up system (Ultimate Extended Backup System) designed to allow safe shutdown in extreme

conditions (earthquake, flooding, fire,…)

Improvement in fire protection (fire loads, physical separation,

detection, sprinklers,….)

Installation of Filtered Containment Vent

Dedicated full scope training simulator

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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AGENDA 1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for

AGENDA

1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2

2. Regulatory context

3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files

4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP

5. Planning and resources for its implementation
5. Planning and resources for its implementation

6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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LTO-Planning Milestones Strategic P Technical risks and complexities Note ALARA Radiation l Protection a

LTO-Planning

Milestones Strategic P Technical risks and complexities Note ALARA Radiation l Protection a Nuclear Assuring
Milestones
Strategic
P
Technical
risks and
complexities
Note
ALARA
Radiation
l
Protection
a
Nuclear
Assuring
n
Availabilty
safety
of skilled
during
Safety
n
personnel
works
i
Risk of
Time for
equipment
qualification
common
n
mode
Time for
failure
g
studies
and
delivery
24
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
LTO-Planning: outage planning Sound and reasonable proposal for planning  Planning supports global safety. Planning

LTO-Planning: outage planning

Sound and reasonable proposal for planning

Planning supports global safety. Planning is no goal by itself !

Planning based on unavailability of electric power supplies (NB : two redundant systems at Tihange 1).

power supplies (NB : two redundant systems at Tihange 1). Ageing mainly spread over outages of

Ageing mainly spread over outages of 2014 and 2016,

both extended by 3 weeks (one complete system per outage)

Realize design upgrade gradually, not all at once, but do not

postpone actions with large impact on safety

Improvements gradually from now on until outage of 2019,but do not postpone actions with large impact on safety extended by 4 weeks (Ultimate Extended

extended by 4 weeks (Ultimate Extended Backup System)

Avoid common mode failure at any price Don’t do everything during only one outage Don’t do everything during only one outage

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Resources for LTO project: budget OVERALL BUDGET ABOUT 600 MILLION Euros Studies & project development:

Resources for LTO project: budget

OVERALL BUDGET ABOUT 600 MILLION Euros

Studies & project development: 8% Mechanical systems: 1% Preconditions: 1% Civil works & structures: 6%
Studies & project
development: 8%
Mechanical systems: 1%
Preconditions: 1%
Civil works & structures: 6%
Electricity and I&C: 13%
Design
53%
Program Management
(LTO Team): 18%
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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AGENDA 1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for

AGENDA

1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2

2. Regulatory context

3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files

4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP

5. Planning and resources for its implementation

6. Conclusions
6. Conclusions
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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LTO PROJECT: CONCLUSIONS • Official « GO » has been given recently by the Belgian

LTO PROJECT: CONCLUSIONS

Official « GO » has been given recently by the Belgian government

Main challenge : Huge organisation requesting large resources (internal as well as external) during a limited period, without impairing further safe operation of all units of the concerned plant

External assessment requested through AIEA SALTO missions (Preliminary mission, at the licensee request, occurred end of 2012 ; Official mission, at Safety Authorities request, is planned for begin 2015)

Final approval for LTO over next 10 years will be part of the fourth Periodical Safety Review of Unit 1 of Tihange.

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Thank you for your attention !

Thank you for your attention !

Thank you for your attention !
Thank you for your attention !
Thank you for your attention !