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Ageing of nuclear power plants a threat for nuclear safety ?

Control methods accross Europe and recent developments for measuring the risk

GDF SUEZ / Electrabel approach of
the Long Term Operation (LTO) project in Belgium Challenges & actual status
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014 CONFIDENTIAL
L

Pierre DOUMONT
Group Senior Vice-président Nuclear Safety & Radiation Protection

AGENDA
1. Positioning Tihange 1 & Doel 1-2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files 4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP 5. Planning and resources for its implementation 6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Nuclear Power in Belgium
Doel

Tihange

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The nuclear fleet of GDF SUEZ
Units Net capacity [MWe] 433 433 1006 985 962 1008 1015 Date of 1st criticality Design Cumulative net load factor [%] 85.1 82.1 84.0 83.6 79.0 85.8 86.6
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LTO relevant ? YES YES

Doel 1 Doel 2 Doel 3 Doel 4 Tihange 1 Tihange 2 Tihange 3

1974 1975 1982 1985 1975 1982 1985

Westinghouse Westinghouse Framatome Westinghouse Framatome Framatome Westinghouse

YES

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

1. Doel 1 - 433 MW 2. Doel 2 - 433 MW 3. Doel 3 - 1006 MW 4. Doel 4 - 1008 MW

2 3 4

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1. Tihange 1 - 962 MW 2. Tihange 2 - 1008 MW 3. Tihange 3 - 1015 MW

3 2 1

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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AGENDA
1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files 4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP 5. Planning and resources for its implementation 6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Regulatory context : Periodic Safety Reviews (P.S.R.)
Regulatory context to operate the Belgian nuclear units
• The Belgian units are in constant evolution through the mandatory process of decennial safety reviews (Periodic Safety Reviews) and Electrabel policy of continuous improvement. This PSR concerns as well the design as the operational conditions of the plants. • The plant itself has no technical defined lifetime. Some components have a limited lifetime, but most are replaceable (e.g. steam generators).
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Regulatory context : Belgian Nuclear Phase Law Nuclear phase out law
o Until 2003, the only regulatory limit on the lifetime was the compulsory decennial review o In July 2012, the government announced its intention to extent the lifetime of the Tihange 1 NPP to 50 years, to assure electricity supply, while the closure of Doel 1 and 2 after 40 years was confirmed.

o In March 2014, official autorisation to extent the lifetime of the Tihange 1 NPP.
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NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

Regulatory context : Strategic Note from Nuclear Safety Authorities
• In 2009 : Preparation of the LTO file based on one Strategic Note issued by the Belgian Nuclear Safety Authorities :
    Preconditions Ageing Design Knowledge & Competence Management & Behavior
Physical Ageing Technological Obsolescence

In 2011 : Submission of LTO-file:

 Re-evaluation of the design : proposal for design upgrades and related planning  Ageing management : documentation compliant with 10 CFR 54

• •

In 2012 : Final definition of ‘Agreed Design Upgrade’ (ADU) In 2015 : a) Revision or supplement of the Safety Analysis report

(including ageing management, LTO-actions…)

b) Full implementation of ageing management program < 2020 : Realization of design modifications (Agreed Design Upgrade)
NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014 10

AGENDA
1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files 4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP 5. Planning and resources for its implementation 6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Preconditions LTO-preconditions
Management system Configuration management Safety analysis TLAA* Licensing basis documents

Plant programmes

Maintenance

In service inspection Surveillance and monitoring

Equipment qualification

Chemistry programs

(*) : TLAA : Time Limited Ageing Analysis
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Electrabel approach : Preconditions Interpretation of IAEA expectations
Level of LTO-readiness
TO-BE

Ready for LTO

LTO effort
Ageing management action plans Preconditions action plans Continuous improvement

AS-IS

AS-IS situation

Evaluation of current preconditions


LTO report

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016 LTO period

LTO action plans

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Ageing

Standard AME
Ageing Management Review (AMR) Condition Assessment (CA)
Ageing Management Program Review (AMP Review)

Scoping

Screening

Defining Ageing Management Programs (AMPs)
Establishing Time Limited Ageing Analysis (TLAA)

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Design
LTO-DESIGN: Sources for design upgrade
Other information sources for design re-evaluation (a) Regulation watch (b) WENRA reference levels (c) Benchmarks (d) PSR look-back

(e) Operational experience feedback
(f) Design basis documentation

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Electrabel approach : Design
Process for design upgrade :
From Safety Concerns up to Agreed Design Upgrade (ADU)

FOR EACH SOURCE START
Identifying & clustering safety concerns

EVALUATION MATRIX

Weighing safety concern clusters

Screening safety concern clusters

Investigating potential improvements to safety concerns

Global assessment of potential improvements

ADU

Identifying & weighing risk factors 1 2 3 4
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NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

Electrabel approach : Design
Benchmark

Fukushima

Periodic Safety Reviews

Operational Experience Feedback
Design Basis Documentation

Safety concerns
Fukushima

Potential improvements
Fukushima

Global assessment

WENRA

ADU

Regulation Watch
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NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

Electrabel approach : Knowledge, Competence and Behaviour
Nuclear safety culture OSART

Approach aligned with LTO precondition approach

Knowledge management Self assessments Work groups Competence management OSART Self assessments Work groups

1 Specifying scope of assessment

2 Identifying and listing applicable procedures

3 Listing and evaluating tools

4 Defining evaluation criteria and framework

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6 Defining action plans

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Assessing

Reporting

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Conclusions on LTO files
A utility point of view on the justification for safe long term operation : - The LTO file is an opportunity for a complete and systematic approach of the physical ageing, based on international references - The LTO file is also an opportunity for reflections and for developing a clear strategy to tackle the technological obsolescence

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AGENDA
1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files 4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP 5. Planning and resources for its implementation 6. Conclusions

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Scope of LTO for Tihange 1 837 commitments bundled in 103 The scope of LTO concerns 103 projects projects
Design : 12 Preconditions: 9

Knowledge, Competences and Behaviour : 2

Mechanical systems : 22 E I & C: 50 Mechanical structures : 3 Civil works : 5

NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

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Some examples of these 103 projects

Scope of LTO for Tihange 1

• Preconditions

 Equipment qualification  Reliability Centered Maintenance  System Health Reports  Complementary or first inspections (AMPs)  Replacement of components (mainly E I&C)  Upgrade of monitoring and maintenance

• Ageing

• Design

 Extension of existing back-up system (Ultimate Extended

Backup System) designed to allow safe shutdown in extreme conditions (earthquake, flooding, fire,…)  Improvement in fire protection (fire loads, physical separation, detection, sprinklers,….)

 Installation of Filtered Containment Vent  Dedicated full scope training simulator
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AGENDA
1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files 4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP 5. Planning and resources for its implementation 6. Conclusions

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LTO-Planning

Technical risks and complexities

Milestones Strategic Note

ALARA Radiation Protection Assuring safety during works

Availabilty of skilled personnel

Nuclear Safety
Time for studies and delivery

Time for equipment qualification

Risk of common mode failure

P l a n n i n g
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NTW Exploratory Workshop European Parliament Brussels March 19, 2014

LTO-Planning: outage planning

Sound and reasonable proposal for planning

Planning supports global safety. Planning is no goal by itself !

Planning based on unavailability of electric power supplies (NB : two redundant systems at Tihange 1).
Ageing mainly spread over outages of 2014 and 2016, both extended by 3 weeks (one complete system per outage)

Realize design upgrade gradually, not all at once, but do not postpone actions with large impact on safety
Improvements gradually from now on until outage of 2019, extended by 4 weeks (Ultimate Extended Backup System)
Avoid common mode failure at any price Don’t do everything during only one outage
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Resources for LTO project: budget
OVERALL BUDGET ABOUT 600 MILLION Euros
Studies & project development: 8% Mechanical systems: 1% Preconditions: 1% Civil works & structures: 6% Electricity and I&C: 13%

Design 53%

Program Management (LTO Team): 18%
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AGENDA
1. Positioning Tihange 1 and Doel 1&2 2. Regulatory context 3. Electrabel approach for the preparation of LTO files 4. Scope and organisation of LTO for Unit 1 of Tihange NPP 5. Planning and resources for its implementation 6. Conclusions

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LTO PROJECT: CONCLUSIONS
• Official « GO » has been given recently by the Belgian government • Main challenge : Huge organisation requesting large resources (internal as well as external) during a limited period, without impairing further safe operation of all units of the concerned plant • External assessment requested through AIEA SALTO missions (Preliminary mission, at the licensee request, occurred end of 2012 ; Official mission, at Safety Authorities request, is planned for begin 2015) • Final approval for LTO over next 10 years will be part of the fourth Periodical Safety Review of Unit 1 of Tihange.

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Thank you for your attention !