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NTW Exploratory Workshop, 19 t h March 2014, Brussels "Ageing of nuclear power plants: a
NTW Exploratory Workshop, 19 t h March 2014, Brussels "Ageing of nuclear power plants: a

NTW Exploratory Workshop, 19 th March 2014, Brussels

"Ageing of nuclear power plants: a threat to nuclear safety?"

Related Issues:

Ageing of human know-how, design and technology What does the JRC do in this respect?

Peter Hähner
Peter Hähner
and technology What does the JRC do in this respect? Peter Hähner DG JRC, Institute for

DG JRC, Institute for Energy and Transport Petten, NL

and technology What does the JRC do in this respect? Peter Hähner DG JRC, Institute for
and technology What does the JRC do in this respect? Peter Hähner DG JRC, Institute for
Established in 1957 7 institutes in 5 countries 991 scientific publications in 2013 1360 documents
Established
in
1957
7 institutes
in 5
countries
991
scientific
publications
in 2013
1360
documents
in support
to
EU policies
in 2013
Petten (NL) provides support to European Union policies and technology innovation to ensure sustainable, safe,
Petten (NL) provides support to European Union policies and technology innovation to ensure sustainable, safe,

Petten (NL)

Petten (NL) provides support to European Union policies and technology innovation to ensure sustainable, safe, secure
provides support to European Union policies and technology innovation to ensure sustainable, safe, secure and
provides support to
European Union policies
and technology innovation to
ensure sustainable, safe,
secure and efficient energy
production, distribution and
use and to foster sustainable
and efficient transport
in Europe
energy production, distribution and use and to foster sustainable and efficient transport in Europe Ispra (IT)

Ispra (IT)

energy production, distribution and use and to foster sustainable and efficient transport in Europe Ispra (IT)
Interdisciplinary Study Benefits and Limitations of Nuclear Fission for a Low-Carbon Economy February 2013 Recommendation
Interdisciplinary Study Benefits and Limitations of Nuclear Fission for a Low-Carbon Economy February 2013 Recommendation

Interdisciplinary Study

Benefits and Limitations of

Nuclear Fission for a Low-Carbon Economy February 2013

Recommendation # 10:

for a Low-Carbon Economy February 2013 Recommendation # 10: The role of the Commission’s Joint Research

The role of the Commission’s Joint Research Centre as an EU centre

for nuclear safety, safeguards and security science should be reinforced; Consideration should be given to the JRC playing an active role in collecting and disseminating Euratom research results.

Consideration should be given to the JRC playing an active role in collecting and disseminating Euratom

Content

Content • Examples of JRC research into ageing mechanisms • Management of materials data from EU
Content • Examples of JRC research into ageing mechanisms • Management of materials data from EU

Examples of JRC research into ageing mechanisms

Management of materials data from EU research

Ageing knowledge base

EHRO-N: HR monitoring in the nuclear field

ECVET: European Credit System for Vocational E&T

EU Stress Tests: JRC contribution

in the nuclear field • ECVET: European Credit System for Vocational E&T • EU Stress Tests:
Corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking in LWR environments Materials degradation depends on a hierarchy of interacting
Corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking in LWR environments Materials degradation depends on a hierarchy of interacting

Corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking in LWR environments

Materials degradation depends on a hierarchy of interacting environmental factors:

- temperature

- mechanical stress

- water chemistry

- neutron irradiation

- mechanical stress - water chemistry - neutron irradiation Recirculation loop with controlled water chemistry

Recirculation loop with controlled water chemistry

Recirculation loop with controlled water chemistry Environmental mechanical testing at JRC With its

Environmental mechanical testing at JRC

With its state-of-the-art test installations JRC investigates corrosion and stress- corrosion cracking phenomena of reactor internals and fuel cladding materials.

JRC investigates corrosion and stress- corrosion cracking phenomena of reactor internals and fuel cladding materials.
LYRA-10: High Flux Reactor in Petten High Flux Reactor (HFR) - PSF A joint JRC
LYRA-10: High Flux Reactor in Petten High Flux Reactor (HFR) - PSF A joint JRC

LYRA-10:

LYRA-10: High Flux Reactor in Petten High Flux Reactor (HFR) - PSF A joint JRC –
LYRA-10: High Flux Reactor in Petten High Flux Reactor (HFR) - PSF A joint JRC –

High Flux Reactor in Petten

High Flux Reactor (HFR) - PSF

A joint JRCNRG irradiation project

Is there accelerated RPV embrittlement due to Late Blooming Phases (LBP) appearing at high n fluence during long-term operation?

If yes, identify decisive factors for LBP

- chemical composition

- critical elements (Mn, Ni, Cr, Si)

- initial microstructure (BM/WM, etc.)

JRC investigates the microstructural damage

processes in RPV base metals and welds under neutron irradiation to a relatively high fluence

(LTO).

damage processes in RPV base metals and welds under neutron irradiation to a relatively high fluence

Materials under

irradiation in LYRA-10

Realistic welds

(SV12Ch2N2MAA)

8 heats

Fixed Mo (0,6%) Fixed Cr (~2%)

Fixed V (~0.1%) & C (0.06%)

Fixed Si (~0.3%) Ni (~1.3% - 1.6% - 1.9%) Mn (0.56% - 1.08%) Cu (<0.1%) & P (<0.01%)

+

WWER•-1000 weld

12Ch2N2MAA

(high Ni=1.7%)

+ WWER•-1000 weld 12Ch2N2MAA (high Ni=1.7%)  Model steels 12 batches Fixed Mo (0,7%) V (0%
+ WWER•-1000 weld 12Ch2N2MAA (high Ni=1.7%)  Model steels 12 batches Fixed Mo (0,7%) V (0%

Model steels

12 batches

Fixed Mo (0,7%)

V (0% & 0.1%)

Si (~0.3% & 0.5%) Ni (<0.02% & 2%) Cr (~0.1% & 2.2%) Mn (~0.4% - 0.8 - 1.4)

C (0.11% - 0.18%)

Cu (<0.1%) & P (<0.01%)

C (0.11% - 0.18%) Cu (<0.1%) & P (<0.01%) Impact Charpy & tensile testing > 600

Impact Charpy & tensile testing

& P (<0.01%) Impact Charpy & tensile testing > 600 specimens  Additional materials WWER‐1000
> 600 specimens
> 600 specimens

Additional materials

WWER‐1000 BM JRQ steel Eurofer97 P91, T91 BM JRQ B17 A302 B 10khMFTpldc 10khMFTWZ AISI304
WWER‐1000 BM
JRQ steel
Eurofer97
P91, T91 BM
JRQ B17
A302 B
10khMFTpldc
10khMFTWZ
AISI304
UHP-Fe
UHP-Fe+C
NDT, PAS, TEM, SANS…
Fracture resistance of different specimen types containing multi-metallic welds FP7 Indirect Action Project MULTIMETAL:
Fracture resistance of different specimen types containing multi-metallic welds FP7 Indirect Action Project MULTIMETAL:

Fracture resistance of different specimen types containing multi-metallic welds

FP7 Indirect Action Project MULTIMETAL:

welds FP7 Indirect Action Project MULTIMETAL: Motivation: There is no experimental test standard and no

Motivation: There is no experimental test standard

and no agreed numerical scheme for fracture resistance

assessment of dissimilar metal welds (DMW).

Objectives:

Develop a standard for experimental fracture resistance testing of DMW specimens.

Develop harmonized numerical procedures for toughness assessment of DMW.

JRC contributes to experimental and numerical benchmark exercises (pre- normative research) for the development of best-practice recommendations for the

integrity assessment of DMW components.

normative research) for the development of best-practice recommendations for the integrity assessment of DMW components.
Instrumented pipe in an NPP Thermal fatigue test installation at IET X-ray CT scan of
Instrumented pipe in an NPP Thermal fatigue test installation at IET X-ray CT scan of
Instrumented pipe in an NPP Thermal fatigue test installation at IET X-ray CT scan of

Instrumented pipe in an NPP

Instrumented pipe in an NPP Thermal fatigue test installation at IET X-ray CT scan of a

Thermal fatigue test installation at IET

pipe in an NPP Thermal fatigue test installation at IET X-ray CT scan of a TF

X-ray CT scan of a TF test specimen

Thermal fatigue (TF) is a degradation mechanism

under complex loading conditions.

JRC has developed TF test methodologies to underpin the monitoring of real components through laboratory testing.

JRC has developed TF test methodologies to underpin the monitoring of real components through laboratory testing.
Knowledge Base for Ageing Mechanisms Research In the frame of an MoU between JRC and
Knowledge Base for Ageing Mechanisms Research In the frame of an MoU between JRC and

Knowledge Base for Ageing Mechanisms Research

In the frame of an MoU between JRC and GRS (Gesellschaft für Anlagen und

Reaktorsicherheit) development of an ageing knowledge base has been initiated building on the experience gained by GRS developing their AlmaMater system.

The content of the knowledge base will be based on critical reviews of the outputs of European research projects on the topic of aging of materials in the

nuclear power sector.

The purpose of the knowledge base is threefold:

• Expert system

• Training and education

• Consolidation of European research

JRC is conducting a feasibility study to identify the initial scope and system architecture:

• Aging mechanisms associated with specific NPPs

• Aging mechanisms associated with certain operational events

• Aging mechanisms in nuclear codes and guidelines

• Aging mechanisms associated with certain operational events • Aging mechanisms in nuclear codes and guidelines
Migration of the PC-based IAEA Surveillance Database to the web-enabled JRC-IET MatDB Online
Migration of the PC-based IAEA Surveillance Database to the web-enabled JRC-IET MatDB Online

Migration of the PC-based IAEA Surveillance Database to the web-enabled JRC-IET MatDB Online

40,000 data sets on RPV steel embrittlement from 190 reactor units in 7 countries, mainly US, France, Korea

Transfer and data validation completed

JRC is currently working on

extending the MatDB data evaluation tools library by tools based on the Master Curve Approach (ductile-brittle transition).

the MatDB data evaluation tools library by tools based on the Master Curve Approach (ductile-brittle transition).
the MatDB data evaluation tools library by tools based on the Master Curve Approach (ductile-brittle transition).

Data Citation

Data Citation Data citation provides a means to support the Horizon 2020 Open Data policy by
Data Citation Data citation provides a means to support the Horizon 2020 Open Data policy by
Data citation provides a means to support the Horizon 2020 Open Data policy by promoting
Data citation provides a means to support the Horizon 2020 Open Data policy
by promoting sharing, aggregation and reuse of experimental data from
FP projects.
• Test data are labelled by Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)
• Registries host metadata about data sets
• Researchers are acknowledged in derivative works
• Data citation promotes European research and innovation
• Contributes to the generation of new knowledge
• Guards against redundancy and the abundance of 'data silos'
JRC has enabled its MatDB Online to support data citation through
DataCite DOIs (digital object identifiers) in much the same way as
conventional publications are cited. This serves as a pilot to promote the
Open Data initiative under Horizon 2020.
as conventional publications are cited. This serves as a pilot to promote the Open Data initiative
2009 COUNCIL DIRECTIVE establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations Article
2009 COUNCIL DIRECTIVE establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations Article
2009 COUNCIL DIRECTIVE establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations Article

2009 COUNCIL DIRECTIVE establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations

Article 7: Expertise and skills in nuclear safety Member States shall ensure … education and training … relating to the nuclear safety of nuclear installations in order to maintain and to further develop expertise and skills in nuclear safety.

ENEF WG Risk SWG Education and Training Nuclear Human Resource Observatory Administrative Arrangement DG ENERJRC
ENEF WG Risk
SWG Education and Training
Nuclear Human Resource Observatory
Administrative Arrangement DG ENERJRC
JRC Operating Agent of
200820092011
Energy Forum Energy Forum Bratislava - Prague Bratislava - Prague
Energy Forum
Energy Forum
Bratislava - Prague
Bratislava - Prague

European Nuclear

European Nuclear

of 200820092011 Energy Forum Energy Forum Bratislava - Prague Bratislava - Prague European Nuclear European Nuclear
EHRO-N Senior Advisory Group Members
EHRO-N Senior Advisory Group Members
EHRO-N Senior Advisory Group Members

EHRO-N Senior Advisory Group Members

EHRO-N Senior Advisory Group Members
EHRO-N Senior Advisory Group Members
Website ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu

Website

Website ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu
Website ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu
Website ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu

ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu

Website ehron.jrc.ec.europa.eu
Main Challenges Large-scale retirements Cross-border Attracting recognition more of skills; students mobility of
Main Challenges Large-scale retirements Cross-border Attracting recognition more of skills; students mobility of
Main Challenges Large-scale retirements Cross-border Attracting recognition more of skills; students mobility of
Main Challenges
Large-scale
retirements
Cross-border
Attracting
recognition
more
of skills;
students
mobility of
experts

JRC puts into perspective the supply and demand of experts and their career expectations within the EU nuclear energy sector.

ECVET E uropean C redit system for V ocational E ducation and T raining Tool
ECVET E uropean C redit system for V ocational E ducation and T raining Tool

ECVET European Credit system for Vocational Education and Training

Tool designed to make qualifications systems more easily understood and flexible and to support more mobility for workers and learners throughout the EU

more mobility for workers and learners throughout the EU JRC as facilitator of its implementation in

JRC as facilitator of its implementation in the nuclear energy sector

From knowledge creation knowledge to competence building skills & attitudes … => … SECONDARY GAS
From knowledge creation knowledge to competence building skills & attitudes … => … SECONDARY GAS

From knowledge creation

knowledge

to competence building

skills & attitudes

… => …

SECONDARY

building skills & attitudes … => … SECONDARY GAS BYPASS COMPRESSOR REACTOR CAVITY COOLING SYSTEM
GAS BYPASS COMPRESSOR REACTOR CAVITY COOLING SYSTEM (RCCS) TANKS HEAT RECOVERY GAS TURBINE STEAM GENERATOR
GAS BYPASS
COMPRESSOR
REACTOR CAVITY
COOLING SYSTEM
(RCCS) TANKS
HEAT RECOVERY
GAS TURBINE
STEAM GENERATOR
MODULE FUEL
(HRSG)
STORAGE AREA
FUEL TRANSFER
TUNNEL
GENERATOR
MAIN
CONDENSER
COOLING WATER
L.P. TURBINE
TURBINE
CONDENSER

TRANSFORMER

COOLING WATER L.P. TURBINE TURBINE CONDENSER TRANSFORMER Graduate or young professional will no longer be asked:

Graduate or young professional will no longer be asked:

“What did you do to obtain your degree (or your qualification)?”

but rather:

“What can you do now that you have obtained your degree?”

your degree (or your qualification)?” but rather: “What can you do now that you have obtained
your degree (or your qualification)?” but rather: “What can you do now that you have obtained
your degree (or your qualification)?” but rather: “What can you do now that you have obtained
your degree (or your qualification)?” but rather: “What can you do now that you have obtained

ECVET Nuclear

ECVET Nuclear • Emphasis on ‘Learning Outcomes’ : competences as the ability to apply knowledge, skills,
ECVET Nuclear • Emphasis on ‘Learning Outcomes’ : competences as the ability to apply knowledge, skills,

Emphasis on ‘Learning Outcomes’: competences as the ability to apply knowledge, skills, attitudes …

Report on ECVET implementation in the nuclear energy sector of EU-27 & Croatia (October 2013)

Seminars for nuclear ECVET providers

Database and Expert System for employment and education; ‘Taxonomy’ in Design, Operation and Decommissioning (November 2013), comprising ~ 150 Job Descriptions and ~ 4000 LOs so far

JRC, through EHRO-N, facilitates and promotes the implementation

of a nuclear ECVET system.

The EU Clearinghouse for Operational Experience Feedback EU Safety Authorities OEF Clearinghouse Members Finland

The EU Clearinghouse for Operational Experience Feedback

EU Safety Authorities OEF Clearinghouse Members Finland Centralized Office (JRC) Hungary Lithuania International
EU Safety Authorities
OEF Clearinghouse
Members
Finland
Centralized Office (JRC)
Hungary
Lithuania
International
The Netherlands
Community
Romania
Coordination & Communication
Slovenia
Technical & Scientific work
Switzerland
IAEA
OE knowledge repository
Observers
Observers
Observers
OECD-NEA
Czech Republic
Bulgaria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Bulgaria
Spain
Czech Republic
France
Germany
France
Main deliverables:
Germany
Slovakia
Slovakia
Spain
-Topical reports
Spain
- Quarterly reports on events
Sweden
- Improved draft IRS reports
United Kingdom
EU Technical
Support Organizations
IRSN, GRS
Bel-V
+ Areva
JRC Role in the post-Fukushima EU Stress Tests • Scientific Secretariat for the Stress Tests

JRC Role in the post-Fukushima EU Stress Tests

Scientific Secretariat for the Stress Tests

Provision of 9 experts for the peer reviews

Participation to 3 Topical Peer-Reviews and 17 National Peer-Reviews

Answering 10 EP Questions

Contributing to the EC report to the Council

3000 pages of National Reports reviewed

10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
10 EP Questions • Contributing to the EC report to the Council • 3000 pages of
Joint Research Centre The European Commission ’ s in-house science service www.jrc.ec.europa.eu Serving society

Joint Research Centre

The European Commissions in-house science service

The European Commission ’ s in-house science service www.jrc.ec.europa.eu Serving society Stimulating innovation
The European Commission ’ s in-house science service www.jrc.ec.europa.eu Serving society Stimulating innovation

www.jrc.ec.europa.eu

Serving society Stimulating innovation Supporting legislation