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# Lab #: 13 Syllabus Topic: Thermal physics You are provided with the following apparatus: 1 Styrofoam cup with

a mark on the inside (this mark indicates when 100cm3 of hot pure water is in the cup), Beaker with 100 cm3 of salt water, 1 thermometer, 1 measuring cylinder (large), You will use these apparatus to determine the specific heat capacity of salt water. Theory Specific heat capacity of pure water = 4200Jkg-1K-1 100cm3 of pure water = 100g of pure water (When you are ready for the hot water, it is available in the kettle) 85cm3 of salt water = 100g of salt water 98%Heat lost by the hot pure water = heat gained by the cold salt water

Diagram thermometer 100cm3 of salt water Method: 100cm3 of hot pure water The salt water is added to the hot pure water

Result:

Discussion Errors, precaution, improvement to method, assumptions Conclusion:

Lab #: 14 Syllabus Topic: Thermal physics You are provided with the following apparatus: 1 balance, 1 boiling tube containing 40 g of water, 1 candle in a holder, 1 retort stand, 1 thermometer You will use these apparatus to determine the energy value in joule per unit mass (J/g) of the candle wax. Theory Energy gained by the water = ⅔ energy supplied by the candle Diagram: Thermometer Retort Stand Specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 Jg K
-1 -1

mw x cw x Δθw = mc x Cc mw x cw x Δθw = (m1 – m2) x Cc

Boiling tube Pure water

Method: Place 40g of water in the boiling tube. Set it on the retort stand. Find the mass of the candle and the holder, m1. Placed the candle under the boiling tube and light it. Heat until the water is 60°C. Put out the flame and find the mass of the candle and the holder, m2. Result: Discussion Errors, precaution, improvement to method, assumptions Conclusion:

Candle

Candle holder

Weight 150g of pure water and place it in PW cup. 4. stop watch and ice. naphthalene. Read off the melting point from the graph. Place the thermometers in the cups. Place naphthalene in the boiling tube to about ⅓ of its depth. Plot 2 graphs on the same pair of axes. Place a thermometer in the boiling tube. 3. Instructions: 1. gauze. Bunsen burner. You will be provided with the following apparatus: Boiling tube. Heat the water to boiling until all the naphthalene has liquidified.Lab #: 15 Syllabus Topic: Thermal physics In this experiment you will be required to test the hypothesis that “ice melts faster in salt water than in fresh water”. salt water. Record the temperature every ½ minute. Instructions 1. Record the temperatures of the cup. 5. 2. retort stand. 8. Place the boiling tube in a beaker of water standing on a gauze and tripod over a Bunsen burner. 6. tripod. DO NOT STIR. (DO NOT STIR WHEN THE LIQUID STARTS TO SOLIDIFY BECAUSE THE BOILING TUBE WILL BREAK) 7. Place 1 cube of ice into each cup and simultaneous start the timer. Remove the tube and clamp it upright on the retort stand. thermometer. . 4. In this experiment the melting point of naphthalene by plotting a cooling curve. pure water. (The temperature should be close to 100°C) Record the temperature and repeat this observation every minute for the 30 minutes. 5. 6. 2 thermometers. You will be provided with 2 Styrofoam cups. stopwatch. Plot a graph of temperature against time. Label the two Styrofoam cups PW for pure water and SW for salt water. water-bath. 7. 3. test tube holder. 2. Weight 150g of salt water and place it in SW cup.