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Nama : Khoirunnisah Nim : 08121003061 Tugas Kimia Fisik 1 Title: Gas Laws Simulation Pur ose: • To !

etermine the e""e#t o" ressure on gas $olume %&o'le(s Law) • To !etermine the e""e#t o" tem erature on gas $olume %*harles( Law) Pro#e!ure: +#ti$it' 1: &o'le(s Law 1, Go to htt :--www,#hem,iastate,e!u-grou -Green.owe-se#tions- ro/e#t"ol!er-"lash"iles-gaslaw-. o'les0law0gra h,html 2, Sele#t +ir 3, 1o$e the lunger with the mouse to re#or! !ata, 2, *o ' the !ata into the !ata ta.le .elow, 3, *onstru#t a gra h o" ressure %45a4is) $s $olume %'5 a4is), Use GraphPad htt :--antoine,"rost.urg,e!u-#gi5 .in-senese-gra h a!,#gi 6, Paste 'our gra h .elow the !ata #hart, %6ou #an see what the gra h shoul! look like .' #li#king the G7+P8 .utton a.o$e the !ata #hart on the online simulation), 9, 7e eat with :4'gen; 8'!rogen; an! 8elium, 8, *onstru#t !ata #harts an! gra hs as 'ou !i! "or air, +ir Pressure % si) 62;31 22;39 2=;00 22;86 32;36 12;92 30;0= 23;33 16;96 2=;20 <olume %mL) 8;00 23;00 10;30 20;90 13;80 32;=0 19;10 11;30 30;90 19;30

18 12.90 29.08 18.30 22.22 28.18 36.10 12.10 22.=0 18.20 32.19 23.80 22.20 =.=2 21.Grafik Tekanan dan Volume Gas pada Air 40 35 30 Volume (ml) 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 20 40 Pressure (psi) 60 80 Y :4'gen Pressure % si) 28.29 30.33 <olume %mL) 10.20 10.=0 .98 23.32 32.

80 13.=0 22.23 2=.30 <olume %mL) 20.39 32.31 21.00 .20 13.0= 22.=0 8.92 32.00 12.60 19.20 21.10 29.30 33.00 22.20 20.36 62.Grafik Tekanan dan Volume pada Oksigen 40 35 30 Volume (ml) 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 10 20 30 Pressure (psi) 40 50 60 Y 8'!rogen Pressure % si) 23.30 10.

00 20.50 22.30 18.81 64.50 15.57 37.90 25.45 27.18 Volume (mL) 9.Grafik Tekanan dan Volume pada Hidrogen 40 35 30 Volume (ml) 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Pressure (psi) Y Helium Pressure (psi) 52.20 22.50 8.01 20.98 18.31 24.24 23.80 22.10 33.60 28.20 .80 13.

le on the le"t o" the s#reen 9.' mo$ing the sli!er to 6 other lo#ations %a.e re#or!e! in the !ata ta.urg.iastate. 7e eat .e!u-grou -Green.elow 293 K) 8. .in-senese-gra h a!. *li#k the .out 120 K 6.le .ro/e#t"ol!er-"lash"iles-g aslaw-#harles0law.o$e an! ."rost.utton on the right han! si!e o" the simulator to show the !ata ta. Paste 'our gra h .le on the le"t o" the s#reen 3. *o ' the !ata in the !ata ta. 2. the new $olume will .out 180 K %T2).e!u-#gi5.elow the !ata #hart. 1o$e the tem erature sli!er to the le"t to a. 1o$e the tem erature sli!er to a. >hen the light is 'ellow.le.html 2.owe-se#tions.#hem. *onstru#t a gra h o" tem erature %45a4is) $s gas $olume %'5a4is) Use GraphPad htt :--antoine.Grafik Tekanan dan Volume pada Helium 35 30 Volume (ml) 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Pressure (psi) Y +#ti$it' 2: *harles( Law 1. =. 3.lue .#gi 10. Go to htt :--www. >hen the light is 'ellow. the new $olume will .e re#or!e! in the !ata ta.elow.

43 35.Charles’ La! "empera#ure ($) 180.15 380.47 27.e!a5.era a .era a .15 407.15 Volume (%m3) 15.e!a !an untuk mengetahui se.3 33.64 27.15 18.58 11.15 315.esar engaruh tekanan a!a $olume gas 'ang .15 131.15 210.32 Grafik Temperatur dan Volume Gas 40 35 Volume (cm2) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 Temp (K) Y ?is#ussion: 1. *omment on the relation o" gas ressure an! $olume. h'!rogen !an helium menun/ukkan .7 10.er. Summari@e what 'ou !i!.15 120.5 23.15 213. &er!asarkan simulasi online 'ang telah !ilakukan !an hasil !ata 'ang !i!a atkan !ari 2 kali er#o.esar engaruh tem erature a!a $olume gas. oksigen.15 313.aan melalui air.48 18.15 271. 2. 1elakukan simulasi online untuk mengetahui se.

ah maka tekanan 'ang !ikeluarkan gas /uga . .er.ahwa /ika suhu gas 'ang . .o'le !an hukum #harles.era!a !alam .eru.an!ing !engan suhu mutlakn'a.alikn'a.hasil 'ang sama 'akni semakin $olume gas !i erke#il maka tekanan 'ang !ikeluarkan gas akan semakin . maka tekanan gas .era!a !alam . 3.egitu /uga se.alik !engan $olumen'a . *on#lusion: Did you verify Boyle’s and Charles’ Laws? 6a.er. sehingga menurut hukum .esar .elumn'a menun/ukkan gra"ik 'ang ham ir sama !ari keem at gas 'ang .e!a. >ere the gra hs similar "or the !i""erent gases in the &o'le(s Law simulationsA ?ari keem at gra"ik a!a simulasi hukum .e/ana tertutu !i/aga konstan. Bntuk hukum .o'le !an . ?ari erkalian antara $olume !an tekanan selalu !i!a atkan hasil 'ang men!ekati konstan.o'le men'atakan kon!isi gas terse.e/ana tertutu !i/aga konstan.ah.an!ing ter. artin'a semakin $olume gas !iu. maka $olume gas se.ut a!alah sem urna %i!eal).er!asarkan simulasi online !an gra"ik !ata 'ang !i!a at untuk simulasi hukum .o'le !an hukum #harles hasil 'ang !i!a atkan sama se erti ern'ataan !ari hukum .o'le 'ang men'atakan .er!asarkan en/elasan !ari ertan'aan se.egitu /uga !engan hukum #harles 'ang men'atakan /ika tekanan gas 'ang .