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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT TOPIC

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WASTE MANAGEMENT

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138: SUMIT 139: PALLAVI KADAM. 140: DARSHIKA KAPADIA. 141: AVANTI KAPODIA. 143: YASH KESARIA. 144: MANISHA KOLI.

Waste includes garbage. paper. processing & disposing waste material are known waste management. ashes. Mining waste. glass. The aim to clean p the s rro nding en!ironment & see that the waste does not ha!e a detrimental e""ect on o r health.DEFINATION Collecting. junked appliances and automobiles. plastic. tyres and anatomical and pathological waste from hospital. sewage sludge. wood. agricultural waste. &ncineration destro#s waste material $# $ rning it. Waste management di""ers "rom co ntr# to co ntr# & in r$an & r ral areas. %ow waste is managed in a commercial ind strial area will $e !er# di""erent "rom how it is handled in a residential areas it is s all# the responsi$ilit# o" local go!ernment $odies while in ind strial areas it is the ind str# responsi$le "or creating the waste. 'egarded as a practical method o" disposing o" ha(ardo s waste . Nowada#s waste management has gone a step " rther and not onl# plans proper disposal $ t also attempts to see whether we can re se & rec#cle certain materials "rom waste matter. transporting. demolition rubbles. industrial waste and many other items thrown away after use by the modern society.

it has o" late $ecome contro!ersial "or man# reasons s ch as the "act that it creates to)ic gas & ash. "ewage treatment can be used to clean water tainted with industrial waste. Much industrial waste is not ha ardous nor toxic. such as that of factories. C*MME'C&A+ WASTE C*MME'C&A+ WASTE: Commercial waste is a type of waste produced by industrial activity.materials. It has existed since the outset of the industrial revolution. !oxic waste and chemical waste are two designations of industrial waste. which can harm local pop lation & poll te gro ndwater SOURCES OF WASTE • C*MME'C&A+ WASTE • N*N. !hey are in either solid or semisolid form and generally exclude industrial ha ardous wastes. !he term residual waste relates to waste left from household sources containing materials that have not been separated out or sent for . such as waste fiber produced by agriculture and logging. mills and mines. with sometimes the addition of commercial wastes collected by a municipality within a given area. #$#%C$MM&'CI() W("!&* #on%Commercial waste is a type of waste that includes predominantly household waste +domestic waste.

Mun ! "#$: M nicipal solid waste -MSW. The term resid al waste relates to waste .reprocessing . rubbish and other large waste from homes . is a waste t#pe that incl des predominantl# ho sehold waste -domestic waste. The# are in either solid or semisolid "orm and generall# e)cl de ind strial ha(ardo s wastes. with sometimes the addition o" commercial wastes collected $# a m nicipalit# within a gi!en area.-arbage.hospital waste and sewage are some examples of domestic product.

Tetra /arks. green waste. shoe polish. Street sweepings. cans..#-. C&0"&. metals. D&0(-.(: "ood and kitchen waste. light $ l$s.#-. $ottles.&7 ! . $atteries. ! 1#2#*'&u- .(: constr ction and demolition waste. de$ris.(45 6 ..( . glass. paints.(-: waste clothing.#-. There are five broad categories of MSW: % &'()*#'#+$( . waste plastics s ch as to#s.#-. "ertili(er and pesticide containers. dirt. "l orescent t $es. etc. certain plastics..( 3#$-& !#$$(' 41&u-(1&$' 1#2#*'&u. rocks. R(!/!$#+$( 0#. treatment plants.#-. In(*.(: medication. paper -can also $e rec#cled. spra# cans. sewage .le"t "rom ho sehold so rces containing materials that ha!e not $een separated o t or sent "or reprocessing.(* #$: paper. . chemicals.#-.

1 (*#*!1 (Se!en principles o" waste management: e""ecti!e waste management is $ased on se!en important principles.9 (' .( n.& ' 99(*(n. 4. 5. do we reall# need this think now9 . 6. o r action & their e""ects in the matters o" waste disposal.the se!en 0'1s Are: 2.#-.- 1#8( !$#-. We sho ld rethink a$o t o r ha$its.E7"(*. 'ethink 'e" se 'ed ce 'e se 'ec#cle 'esearch • 'ET%&N8: Action is preceded $# tho ght. 3. When we $ # things we m st rethink. 7.

& metals can $e rec#cled. . is it re se= & can $e done in inn mera$le waste. re sing & sharing things help to red ce waste. glass.CE: &t is important to red ce generation o" waste.SE: .SE: A large proportion o" m nicipal waste consists o" packaging material.degrada$le waste. &t is also important to red ce wastage o" reco rses. made in whole or part "rom material reco!ered "rom waste. /aper. While going "or shopping we sho ld carr# hand$ags made o" cloth re" se plastic $ags. • 'EG.• 'E:. 'e sing old plastic >ars & metal cans "or di""erent p rposes will red ce generation non. plastic. • 'E. A rec#cled prod ct is material in to new.sing the waste material in its present "orm again. • 'E<.+ATE: As a responsi$le citi(en not onl# sho ld we "ollow r les & reg lation $ t also re@ est to "ollow them. 'epairing. • 'EC?C+E: 'ec#cling is the reprocess thing o" nwanted se" l prod cts.

&n!enting wa#s to re se things that are temporaril# o t o" se is e)tremel# important.&9 "$#-. %(n(9 .. ! .• 'ESEA'C%: Some waste materials cannot $e $ro ght into se again.

*ne tone o" plastics is e@ i!alent to 3A.AAA two liter drinks $ottles or 23A. water & impact. Good sa"et# & h#giene properties "or "ood packaging.The considera$le growth in plastic se is d e to the $ene"icial properties o" plastics.AAA carrier $ags. red cing " el cons mption d ring transportation. These incl de. . E)cellent thermal & electrical ins lation properties. • E)treme !ersatilit# & a$ilit# to $e tailored to meet !er# speci"ic technical needs. • +ighter weight than competing materials. 'esistance to chemicals. 'elati!el# ine)pensi!e to prod ce. • • • • E)treme d ra$ilit#.

"ood wrappings. plastic c ps. t rn an# corner. or $locking drainage s#stems and sewers. Walk down an# cit# street or !illage road. plastic is the storm drainage with making the "loods nmanagea$le. The road o tside o r ho se is littered . $ottles and cartons lie piled high. "ind a spot at the $each or in a park and #o will "ind mo nds and mo nds o" dirt# plastic $ags.Effects of Plastic Pollution *ne o" the ma>or disasters d e to the poll tion M m$aiBs water choking acc m lated plastics waste.

Mos@ itoes thri!e in the stagnant water. . and Ceca se plastic $ags take h ndreds o" #ears to $reak down. The $ags collect and $lock the g tter which then spills on to the road.with "lims# m lti. The place stinks and the air is poll ted. /lastic clogs their intestines and leads to slow *thers entangled $ags in star!ation. carr#ing disease.colo red plastic $ags. $ecome plastic drown. Animals and sea creat res are h rt and killed e!er# da# $# discarded plastic $ags. The wind $lows these $ags into the open g tter. /igs and rats wallow in the slime.

% ndreds o" cows die in New <elhi alone e!er# #ear when the# choke on plastic $ags while tr#ing to eat !egeta$le waste st ""ed in the gar$age. • 6A decompose. Gi!en &ndiaBs poor gar$age collection "acilities. Deadly Facts • A plastic milk > g takes 2 million #ears to decompose. tons o" plastic $ags litter the roads. decks. pla#gro nd e@ ipment. DA #ears to $enches. and ka#aks. pre!enting rainwater "rom seeping into the gro nd. • 'ec#cled plastic can $e sed to make things like trash cans.e!er# #ear o r seas $ecome BhomeB to more and more $ags that "ind their wa# there thro gh o r sewers and waterwa#s. park A plastic c p can take . .

plastic nets. and $ o#s.AAA tons o" plastic into the ocean each #ear. m ch o" it plastic is d mped in the worldBs oceans e!er# #ear. lines.like "a$rics sed in clothes and $lankets can $e made o t o" rec#cled plastic $ottles. plastic $ags are sed worldwide. incl ding packaging.3AA plastic so"t drink and salad dressing containers co ld carpet the a!erage li!ing room. • E!er# #ear.AAA. .AAA. • An estimated 25 $illion po nds o" trash.AAA. • A$o t 2. • An estimated 26 lakh comp ters and 4A lakh mo$ile phones are disposed o" e!er# #ear in &ndia. • Nearl# e!er# piece o" plastic EEE' made still e)ists toda#. *!er one million $ags are $eing sed e!er# min te and the#Bre damaging o r en!ironment. • /lastic $ags and other plastic gar$age thrown into the ocean kill as man# as 2 million sea creat res e!er# #ear. • 'ec#cling plastic sa!es twice as m ch energ# as $ rning it in an incinerator.• Special "leece. aro nd 6AA $illion -6AA. • The worldwide "ishing ind str# d mps an estimated 26A.

Malad -W.. H2. M. : 3DG4 D773. opp. $ t carried with itsel" a serio s threat to o r en!ironment. : *"". 3DG4 D774. &t is located at 6.3DG7 INTRODUCTION OF COMPANY This Compan# deals with onl# plastic waste.33.P*&9 $( &9 !&0"#n/ The compan# which we !isited is 8AM<A' /+AST&CS. Garden Eiew 'esta rant. The &nd strial 'e!ol tion $ro ght tremendo s prosperit#. Estate.MCA&. The most necessar# thing ..MCA& F 5AA A75. Nirman &nd. New +ink 'oad.mail: kamdarpI!snl. which are o" no se & is $est s pplier o" /lastic Gran les in M. 3DG6 732A 732A E.com. &t was esta$lished in the #ear 2HD3.

To make sorting & th s rec#cling easier. mineral water & shampoo. . with h ndreds o" di""erent !arieties.Carrier $ags & $in liners.Cottles "or milk & washing. the man "act ring process o" molded prod cts does not emit e""l ents & molded plastic prod cts can $e rec#cled. These t#pes & their most common ses are: • /ET: /ol#eth#lene terephthalate. • /EC: /ol#!in#l chloride.:i((# drink $ottles & o!en.:ood tra#s. PROCESS T#pes o" plastic to $e sed There are a$o t 6A di""erent gro ps o" plastic. which red ces waste &mminimi(e en!ironment protection $# em$racing these technologies their prod cts are 2AAJ rec#cla$le & are made with the least intr si!e processes.re@ ired in the man "act ring o" plastic is high densit# pol#eth#lene.densit# pol#thene. p li@ ids. %owe!er. • %</E: %igh.densit# pol#thene.read# meal tra#s. the American Societ# o" /lastic &nd str# de!eloped a standard marking code to help cons mers identi"# & sort the main t#pes o" plastic. • +</E: +ow. All t#pes o" plastic are rec#cla$le. cling "ilm $ottles "or s@ ash.

which is o"ten sed in plastic plates & c ps.n 0#nu9#!. microwa!e a$le meal tra#s. plastic c tler#.Margarine t $s. 0#. /rocess 2K :* n' n) 0#!1 n(: V *) n 0#. n. protecti!e packaging "or electronic goods & to#s. • *T%E': An# other plastic that do not "all into an# o" the a$o!e categories. "oam meat or "ish tra#s.& . ham$ rger $o)es & egg cartoons.& .(* #$. 1($". !&$&u*-.• //: /ol#prop#lene. • /S: /ol#st#rene.< . .1( )* n'(* 0#!1 n(. I. ! 0#. .#n.(* #$. .u* n) un .&u. *&$(.?ogh rt pots. !ending c ps.& ' 99(*(n.*#n-9&*0 n. An e)ample is melamine.#$-& "$#/8(*/ 0"&*.1( *#."$#-.(* #$ .#*( "u.

1 !1 ' 99(*(n.& .(* #$ +/ ..-.1( *#. 8(.-& . &9 ./rocess 3K C&$&u* 0 7(* .u-( .) 8(n . A.& !&$&u* . ! !&n.*#!.1( 9 n -1(' )&&'. 0#. . -1#'(.1(/ $&&= 0&*( #..1#.#$$ P$#-.

0& -.u*( 9*&0 .#$$ 0& -. C&$&u*(' . !$(. #+&u.&9 "$#-.0#!1 n( #$-& *(0&8(.1 - M#!1 n( . !.1( . -0#$$ "#*.u*(> -& .(0"(*#.1( :*#nu$(.. ?00 !. /rocess 4K E7!$u'(* M#!1 n(: In .(.8(*/ HOT #.u*( .1 .

)*#nu$(- #*( "u.& . n.n "*&"(* -1#"( 6 . 9*&0 . ! !&0(.1(* "*&!(--. . T1*(#' .1( M#!1 n(.u-(' .. !#n +( u-(' 9&* .&u.(* .& !u.&9 "$#-./"( &9 "$#-. .# n(' .1( E7!$u'(* M#!1 n( 6 1 )1 T(0"(*#. Cu.1*(#'.& 0($.u*( . .0# n. ! n )*#nu$(.1( .1( &.

. #$$ '("(n'./rocess 5K IN@ECTION MOULDIN: MACHINE: T1 - 0#!1 n( . ! "*&'u!./"(-> .1( 1($" &9 "$#-.& 0#nu9#!.  M#!1 n(. . &n M&$' n) M#!1 n( #*( &9 ' 99(*(n..1( "*&'u!. .(* #$.1( n n((' . ! *#.u-(' .1 .80 )*#0->100 )*#0->1B0 )*#0->?00 )*#0->?B0 )*#0->400 )*#0->C00 )*#0->1 = $& )*#0.#*( &9 0#n/ ./"(-> .u*( #n/ ..(.2( &9 . 0#.u"&n . ./"( #n/ -1#"( &9 "$#-. .  InA(!.

$$ . ..1( "$#-.1( P$#-.1#.#=( . C M&$'(' " (!(&9 +u$+ 1&$'(* W . . n .#*( "u. $$ nA(!. ! 6 . ! L Du ' n '/( 6 .1 n 30-(! "*&'u!(' .1 .0#!1 n( . "*&'u!. :*#nu$(. $$ #)# n 0($. 1-.1( '*/ 1&""(* 6 .1( -1#"( &9 .

!#n +( !#u-(' 'u( .!#n #)# n +( *(!/!$(' #n' !&n8(*..&9 .#$-& !#$$(' WASTE PRODUCTS.1(n !&0( +#!= #.  W#-.. .& 9 n -1(' )&&'-. RECYCLIN: OF WASTES :RINDER MACHINE %I: 6 SMALL: . n) &9 .1( ..& . .( "*&'u!.‘WASTE PRODUCT’..# *("$#!(0(n. .n(-.& . /rocess 6K WASTE PRODUCT: I.1( "*&'u!.1 !1 . T1( )&&'.!#n +( *(!/!$(' #n' !#n #)# n +( !&n8(*.1( 0"(*9(!.1( 0#!1 n( &"(*#.1( "*&'u!.(' n.*&n) -(. #""(#*."(*9(!. '&(-n’. Du( . .(' n.&9 n& u-( #n' !#$$(' #.& "*&'u!.$/. T1 .&* n 0#!1 n( +/ .

 &t pla#s a !er# important role in the whole plastic sed "or rec#cle o" small si(e man "act ring nite. This is the process how "inished goods are prod ced and the waste "rom the prod ct is re tili(ed again to a certain e)tent. The $ig grinder machine is sed "or rec#cle o" $ig si(e prod cts and small grinder machine is prod cts. .e.  Grinder machines are o" two t#pes i. &t is sed to rec#cle waste prod cts into raw material which can $e again con!erted into "inished goods. This helps o r en!ironment to $ecome poll tion "ree and "rom all other sewages. $ig and small.

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AC8N*W+E<GEMENT We are glad to ha!e s ch a great opport nit# to present o r pro>ect on the topic o" Waste Management which has gi!en s immense knowledge. We are grate" l to /ro". ' pa "or all her g idance and assistance .