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(Sap 2000 ver.

14) 2000

SAP 2000 ver. 14


Structural Analysis Program= SAP


CSI


) (AutoCAD Excel
.

structures elements

Frame elements

solid elements

Area elements

Dams

Frames
slabs
Beams

weirs
shells & domes

Trusses
large mass str.
foundation

Arch girders

R.c. Retaining walls

End j

Frame element

Area element

.
3

Solid element

.

4
2

End i

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Examples using frame elements

2-D
) plane analysis (x-z :

5t
3t

frames

supports

5t

5 t/m

5t

Beams

10t

10t

5t

5t
truss
frame elements

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


Examples using frame and area elements

2-D
: plane analysis (x-y)
Beam

Flat slab

Beam

(Area Element)

solid slab

(area element)

solid slab

(area element)

Beam

Beam (frame element)


cone (slab)

posts
(frame elements)

shaft

shell
(area elements)

3D
: space analysis

Columns
(frame elements)
beam

beam

Raft foundation

Reinforced concrete Retaining walls

frame elements
area elements

]
eng_m_z@yahoo.com - - /

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

osnap

Area
elements

frame
elements

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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Types of Axes:
y
global axis


(XYZ) .

local axis

z
y

x
global axis x-y-z

,
.
:

.

)axis

frame elements

(local

)Axial force (tension +ve) , (comp. -ve


)Shear 2-2 (force in direction of local axis 2
)Shear 3-3 force in direction of local axis 3
)Torsion (moment about local axis 1
)M2-2 (moment about local axis 2
)M3-3 (moment about local axis 3

123456-

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

(X-Z) plane:
Beams,frames,trusses,Arch girders,etc
-
-1
-2 ).(grid lines

-3
.
-4 .

-5 )(supports

-6 joint loads
frame loads

-7

- )(Analysis - run
-
-1 : ) (ton-m-c

new model

file

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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


grids

-2 grids

x y Z

x
y
z
x
y
z
X
Y
Z

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

grids
,
right click Edit grid data
Modify/ show system

:
** spacing
.
** ordinates
.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


* x-z

-3 Define Materials
4000psi
concrete fc' = 0.8 fcu
Ec=14000 fcu
* 10 fcu=250 kg/cm2


2.5 t/m3
= 0.2

fc' = 0.8 fcu

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Modify A992Fy50 Steel


7.849 t/m3
E steel

Fyield
Fultimate
1.1*Fyield
1.1*Fultimate

Add new Material


Rebar Rebar

4000psi
A992Fy50

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

St. 36/52




7.849 t/m3
E steel=2e7 t/m2

Fyield =36000 t/m2


Fultimate =52000 t/m2

1.1*Fyield
1.1*Fultimate

-4 Frame elements :

section propertiesframe section

Define

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


steel

add new property


steel .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-5 )(frame elements grids


.
Draw
.

grid line
bracing
. grid lines
secondary beams
.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-6 supports :
Assign joint Restraint

-7 :

types of loads
joint loads

frame loads

Area loads

1- joint loads
Pz

Px

Py
Forces

My Y

Z
Mz

Mx x
Moments

Settlement of supports
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

*
:

joint loadsforces
displacements

, Assign

2- Frame loads:

Point loads

Distributed loads

P
M

Uniform load
trapezoidal load
frame element :

frame loads point load


Distributed load

Assign

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


*
*


Axis-2

Axis-1
Axis-2

local axes of frames


Z

Axis-1

Global axis
X

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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

* ) (gravity )(Z

Horizontal projection projected .

-8

File Save

-9 Analyze run analysis



F5

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-10 :
Display

deformed shape

cancel

ok

frame elements

shear2-2 , shear3-3 scale factor =-ve


Auto
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Example:

5 ton
5 t/m

3 ton

t/m
2

5 t/m

5 ton

z
x
3

All sections 30x100 cm , CROSS SECTION AT BOTTOM =30X60


concrete frame
two hinged frame


:
Sap2000 t,m,c
:
Grid only .
:

modify Sapacing
edit grid
x = 6,2,8,3,0 z =4,2,0
ok X-Z .

]
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2
4

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
Define Materials
fcu=250kg/cm2
:
Define sections frame
100*30
60*30 nonprismatic 60*30 100*30
cubic I33 Linear . I22
:
Draw frame
.

:
hinge
Assign joint restraints

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

local Axis
View set display options :

:

Assign joint loads forces
:

Assign frame loads distributed

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:

double click .

double click

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

distributed concentrated ok
: ) (own weight dead
load

define load patterns


self weight multiplier =0
modify load pattern

display show load assigns ok


:
Analyze Run Analysis
save
F5 Modal Run/Dont Run Case
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Run now
:
deformed shape
x,y,z
Displayshow deformed shape wire
shadow

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Displayshow forces /stresses frames


Axial force Moment3-3 shear2-2
Show values on diagrams

Reactions Displayshow forces /stressesjoint


***
Run .

Home Work:
beams: 1

3t
1t/m

2.5t/m

4t

3t 3 t/m3t

5t
2.5 t/m

2 t.m
2m

4.5 m

1m

6m

4m

1.5m

All beams 25x60 cm

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

frames: 2

4t

)2t/m (H.P
)1t/m (per.

5t

4t/m

6t

1.5 m
4t

3m

5t

2t/m

cols. 30x60 cm
beams,cantilivers 30x80 cm

3m

8m

3m

2m

2t/m

4m

Replicate

-1
-2

Edit Replicate


y

z

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000



......



......

* ) Global Axis (X-Y-Z


view show Axis
* grids
view show grid
* pan
view pan
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

* zoom
zoom

zoom

view zoom

Zoom

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Trusses :

frames
truss
truss joint loads
frame loads steel

3t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

3t

1.5m
12*2=24 m
Verticals & diagonals are L 7x7x1 cm
Top and bottom members are 2L 5x5x1 cm

grids
define--- frame/cable sections
7x7x1 cm
5x5x1 cm .
pinned

6t

3t

)(0,0,0

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Edit Replicate -- linear


X 4 2m
.
:
6t

6t

6t

6t

3t

6t

)(12,0,0
)(0,0,0

Edit -- Replicate-- mirror


X1=12 ,Y1=0
Z
X2=12 ,Y2=1
X


.
3t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

6t

3t

pinned
Assign
frames
frame/cable releases/partial fixity
M33 .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

self wt multiplier DL
define load patterns

modify load pattern ok


run Axial force & Reactions

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Multi story frames


5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

5t

4 t/m
5t
4 t/m

6t

5t

6t

4 t/m
5t
4 t/m
5t
4 t/m
5t
4 t/m
5t
4 t/m
5t
4 t/m

8m

6t

8m

6t
4.5t
4.5t
4.5t
6t

8m

columns 30x100
girders 30*80
8.
5 4 .

6 z 4 .
Edit--- Replicate Linear
.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Space frames

6m

m
/
t
4

4m

m
/
t
6

5m

5t

5t

Z
X

3x8m

Plan
BEAMS =30X80
COLUMNS = 30X100

3x8 m
]
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6m

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

* X-Y-Z GRIDS .
*
UP DOWN
UP

DOWN
X-Z
Y=10
X-Z
Y=6

X-Z
Y=0

Z
Y

Extrude view Set elements

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

plan :

View set 3d view xy


Aperture

cross
.

:
Assign frame/cable Local axis


:
M22 ,M33,Shear22 , Shear33, Axial , Torsion

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Space trusses

Roller

Hinged

All members one angle 6x6x1 cm



......
5t

10t

10t

3m

3m

3m

3m

3m

3m

10t

10t

5t

5t

5t

2m

3m

ELEVATION

3m

3m

3m

3m

3m

3m

SIDE VIEW

Bottom PLAN
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

: sap2000
ton,m
: file- new model
grid only .

1.5

1.5

1.5

x 4
1.5 y
3 z 2

x-z y=0

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

: 0.06x0.06x0.01 Angle
Define Frame sections Add- Angle

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
pinned :

Edit Replicate-Linear
x 3 5.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

y
3 :

bracing

x 3 5
.
X-Y z=0 bracing
:
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

X-Y z=2 bracing


Assign joint-restraint
hinged Roller .

X-Y z=2
Assign joint loads- forces

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

self weight multiplier Dead loads


Define load patterns

save Run Axial loads


Reactions .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Inve
rted
B12*
50

Solid Slab floor plan

B 12*50

B12*50

B12*50

structural plan
floor height = 3 m
wall thickness = 12 cm
Assume all beams = 25*60 cm
Except the shown cross sections .
ts= 15 cm ( note solid slab 10 to 15 cm)
This is a residential Building (LL=0.2 t/m2)
Assume floor covering = 0.15 t/m2
]
eng_m_z@yahoo.com - - /

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Analysis of Solid Slabs


Solid Slabs ) (10-15 cm
.

:
-1 grids X-Y .
-2 define
Frame sections & Area sections


Define frame section ,
Add rectangular


Define Area section ,
Add shell

membrane
Bending

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-3

Draw frame/cable

projected inverted dummy


divide frames continuous
.
grid line
bracing
. grid lines
secondary beams
.

-4 draw- Area Fill


objects View set display objects
Area local axes :

continuous .



. grid lines

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-5 hinged

Assign joint restraints

-6 Define load patterns dead


self weight multiplier=1
live live own wt. :

-7 dead :
'*h wall*t wall = 1.8*2.6*0.12 = 0.6 t/m

brick

= W wall

:
Assign Frame loads distributed
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

.
: 2 4/'
) (1.2*L /2 4.25
'1.2*4.25/2 = 2.55 t/m

. plan

: 0.001x0.001
uniform '0.25 t/m
-8 ) (live loads= 0.2 t/m2 live dead
) (floor cover = 0.15 t/m2
:

)Assign Area loads uniform (shell

-9
:

Edit Edit Areas Divide Area

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000




x ,y

x ,y

grid

.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

continous
-10

EditEdit lines divide frames


Break at intersections with selected joints and frames

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


Automatic sub-divisions
sap

Assign frame Automatic subdivisions


torsion .
-11
:
Assign frameReleases/partial fixity

-12

save run

:
** local axis .
** local Axis 3 .

Assign Area Reverse local 3

:
Assign Area local Axis
ok
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

ultimate ) 1.5 *( Dead+live


0.75 :
Define load combinations
scale 1.5 add

* reactions .
* Displayshow force/stresses
shells

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

M11 local axis 1 ) (1


M22 local axis 2 ) (2

solid slab )
( 610/m 1/5
1/10 .

1
2
M11

M22

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
Display show force/stresses frame/cable Moment 33 & Shear22

Ultimate

frame elements

reactions display- tables


output joints .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

File Export to Excel

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Analysis of Flat Slabs


Flat Slabs
. Marginal beams ) (15 cm
.

Flat Slabs

90

5m

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Floor height = 3 m
wall thickness = 12 cm
ts= 20 cm
LL=0.4 t/m2
Assume floor covering = 0.15 t/m2
Equivalent wall loads on slab = 0.2 t/m2

:
-8 grids X-Y .
-9 define
Frame sections & Area sections
S20


Define frame section ,
Add rectangular


Define Area section ,
Add shell

membrane
Bending

0.2

0.2

Draw frame/cable
projected inverted dummy
divide frames continuous
.

grid line
bracing
. grid lines
secondary beams

-10

draw- Area
]

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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Fill objects View set display options


Area local axes :




. grid lines


radius :
Edit ExtrudeExtrude line to Area

radial
continuous .
:

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Assign joint Restraints

-11 hinged
shear wall hinge
Assign joint constraint body
Add new constraint

flat slab Body


constraint Add new constraint .
-12 Define load patterns dead
self weight multiplier=1
live live own wt. :

-13
dead :
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


'*h wall*t wall = 1.8*2.5*0.12 = 0.6 t/m

brick

= W wall

:
Assign Frame loads distributed

.
: 2 4/'
) (1.2*L /2 5.25
'1.2*5.25/2 = 3.15 t/m

plan
simple beam '. 3.15 t/m
-8 ) (live loads= 0.4 t/m2 live dead
) (floor cover + walls = 0.15+ 0.2= 0.35 t/m2
:

)Assign Area loads uniform (shell

0.35

0.4


-13
:

Edit Divide Area

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


x ,y

x ,y

grid

.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

torsion .
-14
:
Assign frame/cable Releases/partial fixity

TORSION
Assign Frame/cable property modifier
0.0001 torsion constant :

-15

save run

:
** local axis .
** local Axis 3 .

Assign Area Reverse local 3

:
Assign Area local Axis
ok
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
ultimate ) 1.5 *( Dead+live
0.75
Define load combinations
scale 1.5 add

* reactions .
* Display show force/stresses
shells

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

M11 local axis 1 ) (1


M22 local axis 2 ) (2

1
2
M11

M22

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

reactions Display tables


output joints .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Asmin=0.2*20=4 cm2 = 6 10/m'


using 6 10/m' bottom in both directions
5

Mur +VE=As*fy*d*j =6*0.785*3600*17.5*0.81/10=2.4 t.m/m'


using 6 12/m' top in both directions
5

Mur -VE=As*fy*d*j =6*1.13*3600*17.5*0.81/10=3.5 t.m/m'

Mur=3.5 t.m

combo ultimate

Ultimate

]
eng_m_z@yahoo.com - - /

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Range
- 1 Range
-2 Range .
-3 Range .
.
.

.

-5.25

-3.5

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

M11 +ve

M22 +ve

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

M11 ve

M22 ve

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

solid dashed

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Circular tanks

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
sap2000 .
:
new model grid only x , z
:
5.00

8.00
1.00

2.00 2.00
2.00

2.00

z
4.00

2.00
2.00

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

XZ

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

define frame section


Rectangular horizontal beam 35*80 cm -1
Angle 80*80*35*35 cm -2
Rectangular tie ring beam 50x25cm -3
Rectangular column 80x30 cm -4

define Area sections Asec1


Add new section
Dome 12 cm -1
Cylinder 30 cm -2
Shaft 20 cm -3
Cone 30 cm -4
Lower dome 30 cm -5
: edit
extrude extrude point to lines radial
number
angle

:
X-Z edit extrude line to Areas
radial Z
number : angle
24 360
. 360/24
Assign Area section

fill objects
local axis 3
..

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

: Z edit replicate radial


Z 7 . 360/8
ring beams edit
extrude extrude point to lines radial
Z 24 = number . 360/24= angle
: Assign joint pattern
:
Pressure = c Z+D
= D

c=-1,

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

pattern :
Assign Area loads Surface pressure
scale =1



Bottom
by pattern

modal F11 , F22 M11 , M22


normal force .
Axial ,Shear22 , M33 :

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

F11- axial reing tension or compression in slabs

F22- axial vertical tension or compression in slabs

]
eng_m_z@yahoo.com - - /

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

)Axial forces in frame elements ( beams , columns

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

)M33 in frame elements ( beams , columns

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

0.07m
1.00m
0.32

0.50
0.25

Internal Beam
8.0m

0.07m
0.5m
0.32

0.50
0.50

0.25

External Beam
2

Live loads = 0.3 t/m


2
Covering =0.15 t/m
walls exist on beams = 0.6 t/m'
ts = 7 cm
t = span /25 =800/25 =32 cm
Rib width = 10 cm

1.00

0.50

5.0m

0.50

Rib spacing = 50 cm
2
Hollow blocks weight =0.15 t/m

8.0m

]
eng_m_z@yahoo.com - - /

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Raft Foundation
200 ton

120 ton

200 ton

200 ton

200 ton

130 ton

230 ton

500 ton

230 ton

230 ton

200 ton
130 ton

130 ton

TOTAL LOADS FOR COLUMNS = Ri *No. Floors * 1.1

WORKING loads
]
eng_m_z@yahoo.com - - /

(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

2/3
). (Mat foundation ) =( Raft Foundation

10

-1 2000 Grids
.
-2 Define Area --Section 1 )
10( 10 .
-3 Quick Area Grids
-4 1/2 :
Edit Divide Area

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

continuous .
-5 concentrated loads .
assign joint loads forces :
shear walls
.

P total

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

)Reaction of col. for one floor (working


ton

= P total = Ri * no. floors *1.1

-6 soil
springs stiffness
stiffness : springs
: area springs stiffness
:

stiffness : spring
t /m2

K =B.c *1000

/ 2 1.2/2

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Assign Area Area springs

stiffness


Bottom

spring

run

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

combo define load combination


Ultimate .

factor

factor
add

M11 , M22
.

. As min
As min =0.0015*B*t
As min =0.0015*100*100 = 15 cm2
'= 6 18 /m
:
bar
diameter
)(mm

)As(cm2

c/d

c1

Mu
)(t.m

)t(cm

B
)(cm

22

22.41

0.826

0.125

5.809

60

100

100

18

14.94

0.826

0.125

7.11

40

100

100

no.
Bars

' 6 18 /m Mu = 40 t.m
'6 22 /m
Mu = 60 t.m

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
range x y
x y .
M11 -1

1.5

:
x

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-2

M22 Y

1.5

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-3

M11 x

1.5

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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

-4

M22 Y

1.5

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

** .
** 60
0.7 .
**
.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

RAFT Reinforcement

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Stairs

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


Helical Stairs

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Analysis of buildings due to Lateral loads


)(Wind and Earthquakes

) (
:
3-D
.
Moments axial forces
.
.

:
5 8 .
.
)
)(Zone 3
B/C= 1.5 kg/cm2


shear walls .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

90

Flat slabs .

Excel
. Dead , Live
30x80
Shear walls 25*250

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


:
plan X-y supports
Dead , Live .
Excel
.
Sap2000 V. 14
.
combination ) (Dead + 0.25 live

1/4 .

joint reactions force Z Display tables


joint output :

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Dead + 0.25 live

ok reactions Z 188.6

1.1 * reaction
.
Weight of floor = 1.1*188.6 = 207 ton

: Excel
X Y
.

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

EARTHQUAKE FORCES ACCORDING TO EGYPTIAN CODE 2008


BY Eng. Mahmoud Zaghlal Jan. 2010

SOIL TYPE A,B,C or D =

ZONE 1,2,3,4,5A or 5B =

REDUCTION FACTOR (R) =



2008

INPUTS:

Total Weight of building (TON)=

1656

TOTAL HEIGHT of building (m)=

26

IMPORTANCE FACTOR 1 or 1.25=

OUR SOIL

TB

TC

TD

1.5

0.1

0.25

1.2

TYPES OF SOIL

TB

TC

TD

0.05

0.25

1.2

1.35

0.05

0.25

1.2

1.5

0.1

0.25

1.2

1.8

0.1

0.3

1.2

REDUCTION FACTOR (R) =

ZONE
ag

1
0.1

2
0.125

3
0.15

4
0.2

WEIGHT (TON)=

1656

ag=

0.15

H=

26

T1=Ct(H)^3/4=

0.575705

seconds

IMPORTANCE=

CASE1

Sd(T)=

-0.065889

CASE2

Sd(T)=

0.1125

CASE3

Sd(T)=

0.048853

CASE4

Sd(T)=

0.10183

FINAL Sd(T)=

0.048853

Total base shear

Fb =

80.9008

5A
0.25

5B
0.3


.
ton

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

DISTRIBUTION OF EQ FORCES

hi.Wi

)Wi (TON

hi (m) from base level

For X or Y directions

)Fi (TON

3.262129273

1035

207

5.219406837

1656

207

7.1766844

2277

207

11

9.133961964

2898

207

14

11.09123953

3519

207

17

13.04851709

4140

207

20

15.00579466

4761

207

23

16.96307222

5382

207

26







Sap2000

80.90080597

25668

...




......

1656

SUMMATION

.
]

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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
X Y
X Y .

Wx

Wy

Wy

Wx

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
sap2000 v14 constraints
plan X-Y :
Assign Joint constraints Null ok

:
z 5 ,
.
Edit Move

x
0
y
0
z
5

:
Z
click Edit grid modify grid
Spacing Z
Spacing
5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
0

Grid ID

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
X-Y plan Z=5
Extrude z 5 .
Edit Extrude point to line Linear

x
0
y
0
z
-5
Number
1
property .

:
previous Extrude z
3 .
Edit Extrude point to line Linear
:
x
0
y
0
z
3
Number
7
property .

:
X-Y plan Z=0 Fixed
Assign joint restraints

:
X-Y plan Z=5 ) (
Z 3 7 .
Edit Replicate Linear
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
0
0
3
7

x
y
z
Number

:
Extrude :

3-D X-y :
View set 3-D view X-y
Aperture

:

.
Assign frame section :
Add new property X
Y
Y

X
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
)
( :
Assign frame local axes
.

stiffness
I eff = 0.5 Ig :
I eff = 0.25 Ig :
I eff = 0.7 Ig :

:
Assign Frame property modifier

0.5 0.25

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
select All diaphragms
:
Assign joint constraints
diaphragms Add new constraint . Z constant
:
Assign different diaphragms to each (Z) level.
OK

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
Define load patterns :
:

:
Modify Lateral Load Patterns
]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000


center of Mass
0.05
e = 0.05
e = -0.05 X . Y
EQx2
Mass center

e = -0.05
e = 0.05
EQx1

. sap2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

:
Save Run Dead ,live , Modal

:
combination
Shear walls :
Define load combinations Add new combo
Max Envelope
:

1.4
Ultimate 1.4 Working .

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

Frames Combo MAX


M22
M33
Axial forces
.

M33

M22

shear walls
Dead , Live ...

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

2008

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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(Sap 2000 ver. 14) 2000

]
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