You are on page 1of 25

Pertemuan I: 2 Maret 2014 Modul 1 : Sentences and Clauses Modul 2: Conjunctions (Unit 1) Bonita Dilasari

Universitas Terbuka
Korea Selatan

Name: Bonita Dilasari E-mail: University: Sejong University Hometown: Bandung Born in 1988

A. Independent Clauses B. Dependent Clauses C. Types of Dependent Clauses

Clause [noun; countable] : kelompok kata yang saling berhubungan yang memiliki subjek dan predikat.

Independent Clause (main clause): Kelompok kata yang saling berhubungan yang mempunyai subjek dan predikat dan dapat berdiri sendiri sebagai kalimat yang lengkap dan utuh.

Rudy is my son. I know that boy. English is an international language. I have been to Singapore. We visited Kuta beach last year.

Dependent Clause (subordinate clause): Anak kalimat, mempunyai subjek dan predikat, tetapi tidak bisa berdiri sendiri sebagai kalimat yang lengkap karena tidak mengekspresikan pemikiran yang lengkap. Menggunakan subordinate conjunctions: who, that, whether, if, when, until, after, although, because, since, whereas, before.

That he is a banker. If you go by bus or by train. After you arrive in Bali. Whereas Anita is diligent. Why he cried.

Dependent Clause, dapat berfungsi sebagai Kata benda (noun clause) Kata sifat (adjective clause) Kata keterangan (adverbial clause)

1. Noun Clause Dapat berfungsi sebagai: Subjek Objek kata kerja atau preposisi Pelengkap Subordinate conjunction yang digunakan: That, whether, if, what,....etc.

1. Noun Clause as subject How he gets the money is his own affair. What they did does not concern me. 2. Noun Clause as transitive object I dont know where he lives. It is true that plants need water in order to live. 3. Noun Clause as complement My question is why you did not come last night. My concern is how to pay the workers.
Karena sifatnya sebagai kata benda, noun clause bisa diganti dengan kata ganti it.

2. Adjective Clause Berfungsi sebagai: Kata sifat (menerangkan kata benda)

Relative pronouns yang digunakan: which,who, whom, whose....etc.

2. Adjective Clause The boy who/that gave me the book is Mr.Anwars son. The car that he drives is very expensive. He gave the money to the man who had done the work. Here is the book which/that describes animals.

3. Adverbial Clause Berfungsi sebagai: Kata kata keterangan (menjelaskan kata kerja, kata keterangan, atau seluruh kalimat) Relative pronouns yang digunakan: When, after, while, before, as soon as....etc.

3. Adverbial Clause You may begin when you are ready. While he was walking home, he saw an accident. After she finished dinner, she went to bed. They sat down wherever they could find empty seats.
Apabila adverbial clause terletak di awal kalimat, tanda koma (,) digunakan untuk memisahkannya dari independent clause. Namun bila adverbial clause terletak di akhir kalimat, tidak diperlukan tanda koma.

Sentence [noun; countable] : kelompok kata yang memiliki subjek, predikat, dan mengekspresikan suatu informasi yang utuh.

A. Classification by Types B. Classification by the Number of Full Predications


Declarative sentences (statement) Carol is happy. The child ate dinner. I have just bought the books.

2. Interrogative sentences (questions) Did the child eat his dinner? Is it your dictionary? Are you Surya?

3. Imperative sentences (commands and request) Stop that bus! Be quite, please! Help!

4. Exclamation sentences (exclamation) What a good dinner that was! What beautiful hair she has! How beautiful she is! How far his house is! What + countable/uncountable noun How + adjective or adverb If the noun in your sentence is plural, the correct choice is what, not how.

4. Exclamation sentences (exclamation) Feel the emotion in the sentence. Example: We're going to Hawaii! (excitement) Oh, I didnt see you come in! (surprise) I dont know what happened here! (confusion) Stay out of my room! (anger)


Simple sentence Tedi bought a house. Ratih is happy. Ratih and Rita swim everyday. (compound subject) I like to swim and hike everyday. (compound predicate)

2. Compound sentence a) The rain fell, and the wind blew. b) I want to attend school, but my family needs me. c) He was tired, so he went to bed. d) The players tried their best to win; however, I do not expect them to win. e) Mr. Sujudi is the richest man in his town; moreover, he is very generous.
a) to c) : main clause + coordinate conjunction + main clause d) to e) : main clause + transition (; linking word,) + main clause

3. Complex sentence You should lock the doors before you leave the house. Although John is a good athlete, he does not spend too much time in sports. Since that happend a long time ago, I would not hold it again.

4. Compound complex sentence Although the farmers always work long hours, they seem to enjoy their work, and they usually have a long time rest during the dry season. Some people fell on other people, and some people landed on the floor when the bos stopped abruptly.