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Questions 21 to 26 peitain to infoimation below:
At the 0niveisity of Toionto, fiist yeai life science stuuents peifoim an expeiiment to leain about the
kinetics of the ieaction between uye anu bleach. The ieaction between the active component of
bleach, the hypochloiite ion (0Cl
-
), anu the uye (B) can be shown as:
0Cl
-
+ B Cl
-
+ B0
wheie B is the colouieu uye anu B0 is the colouiless, oxiuizeu foim of the uye. In all of the plots
below the concentiation of the uye (B) was measuieu as a function of time aftei the auuition of bleach.
Assume all tiials began with the same initial uye concentiation.

3"45% 1: |0Cl
-
j = u.117 N, T = 298 K

3"45% ,6 |0Cl
-
j = u.24S N, T = 298 K

3"45% 2: |0Cl
-
j = u.117 N, T = 28S.4S K

y = -1E-uSx +
u.uu12
R` = u.71942
u
u.uuuS
u.uu1
u.uu1S
u.uu2
u 1uu
7
8
9
&
:

;
<
=

34'& ;>=
3"45% 16 789&: /> *4'&
y = -u.uS71x - 6.S888
R` = u.998u7
-11
-1u
-9
-8
-7
-6
u Su 1uu
%
?
7
8
9
&
:

34'& ;>=
3"45% 16 %?789&: /> *4'&
y = S67.uSx -
82Su.1
R` = u.729S1
u
2uuuu
4uuuu
6uuuu
u 1uu
1
@
7
8
9
&
:

34'& ;>=
3"45% 16 1@789&: />
*4'&
y = -1E-uSx +
u.uuu8
R` = u.62u77
u
u.uuuS
u.uu1
u.uu1S
u Su
7
8
9
&
:

;
<
=

34'& ;>=
3"45% ,6 789&: /> *4'&
y = -u.u748x - 6.961S
R` = u.986S
-12
-1u
-8
-6
u Su
%
?
7
8
9
&
:

34'& ;>=
3"45% ,6 %?789&: />
*4'&
y = 2uuS.7x - 29S79
R` = u.7977S
u
Suuuu
1uuuuu
1Suuuu
u Su
1
@
7
8
9
&
:

34'& ;>=
3"45% ,6 1@789&: />
*4'&
y = -1E-uSx +
u.uu12
R` = u.946u4
u
u.uuuS
u.uu1
u.uu1S
u Su 1uu
7
8
9
&
:

;
<
=

34'& ;>=
3"45% 26 789&: /> *4'&
y = -u.u279x - 6.S6S2
R` = u.96674
-11
-1u
-9
-8
-7
-6
u 1uu
%
?
7
8
9
&
:

;
<
=

34'& ;>=
3"45% 26 %?789&: />
*4'&
y = 1S9.61x -
2S64.2
R` = u.78SuS
u
Suuu
1uuuu
1Suuu
2uuuu
u 1uu
1
@
7
8
9
&
:

;
<
=

34'& ;>=
3"45% 26 1@789&: /> *4'&
21. A laige excess of bleach is useu in the expeiiment. Which of the following statement is FALSE.

a) Since theie is a laige excess of bleach, the ieaction oiuei with iespect to bleach is zeio.
b) The bleach concentiation can be consiueieu essentially constant.
c) The laige excess of bleach allows the iate law to be simplifieu fiom iate = k|uyej|bleachj to iate
= k'|uyej wheie k'=k|0Cl
-
j
m
.
u) The amount of bleach that ieacts with the uye is small compaieu to the total concentiation of
bleach.
e) The concentiation of bleach affects the iate of ieaction.

22. What is the ieaction oiuei with iespect to the uye.

a) u b) 1 c) 2 u) S e) cannot ueteimine with infoimation given

2S. What is the ieaction oiuei with iespect to bleach.

a) u b) 1 c) 2 u) S e) cannot ueteimine with infoimation given

24. uiven that the iate law is iate = k|bleachj
m
|uyej
n
, what is the iate constant, k, at 2S

C.

a) -u.S17 N
-1
s
-1
b) u.S17 s
-1
c) u.S17 N
-1
s
-1
u) u.uS71 s
-1
e) u.uS71 N
-1
s
-1


2S. What is the activation eneigy foi this ieaction. (Bint: You neeu similai concentiations, but uiffeient
tempeiatuies)

a) S.6 k}mol b) 16 k}mol c) 21 k}mol u) 98 k}mol
e) Cannot be ueteimine with infoimation given

26. A new expeiiment is peifoimeu with an initial uye concentiation of u.uu1S N anu an initial bleach
concentiation of u.1S N. What is the initial iate of this ieaction at 2S

C.

a) 8.S x 1u
-6
Ns b) 4.1 x 1u
-S
Ns c) 6.8 x 1u
-4
Ns u) 1.7 x 1u
-S
Ns e) 7.1 x 1u
-S
Ns

27. Foi a Babei piocess taking place in an encloseu vessel,
N2(g) + SB2(g) 2NBS(g) AB = -92.4 k}mol
-1

which of the following will not iesult in an inciease in net piouuction of NBS.

a) Auuing moie N2
b) Incieasing the piessuie of the vessel
c) Becieasing the volume of the vessel
u) Auuing an iion catalyst
e) Becieasing the tempeiatuie




28. Which of the following statements aie tiue foi the ieaction below.
2B2(g) + 02(g) 2B20(g) AB = -241.818 k}mol
-1

a) The iate of this ieaction is highei at lowei tempeiatuies
b) If T1 > T2 then K1 > K2
c) Keq is the same at all tempeiatuies
u) The change in entiopy foi the ieaction is positive.
e) None of the above

29. 2u.uu mL of u.1uuu N weak aciu, BA, is titiateu with u.2Suu N Na0B. The pB of the solution is 4.8S
aftei S.uu mL of Na0B is auueu. What is the pKa of the weak aciu.

a) 2.S2 b) S.S6 c) 4.6u u) 4.8S e) S.1u

Su. A flask containing only N02 is heateu to S7S C anu ieacts as follows:
2N02(g) 2N0(g) + 02(g)
At equilibiium, the uensity of the gas mixtuie is u.7SS gL anu the total piessuie is u.89u atm. What
is Kp foi the ieaction at S7S C.

a) 8.S2 x 1u
-6
b) 7.4S x 1u
-S
c) 2.24 x 1u
-S
u) S.78 x 1u
-4
e) 1.S x 1u
-4


S1. The Ksp foi silvei chloiiue, AgCl (useu in photogiaphy) is 2.8 ! 1u
-1u
at a given tempeiatuie. The
solubility of AgCl in u.u1u N BCl solution, expiesseu as mole litie
-1
, at this tempeiatuie will be

a) 2.8 ! 1u
-12
b) 2.8 ! 1u
-8
c) S.6 ! 1u
-8
u) 2.8 ! 1u
-4
e) S.6 ! 1u
-4


S2. Which of the following inuicatois can best be useu to inuicate the half-equivalence point of a 2S.uu
mL solution of u.1 N BF (Ka = S.S 1u
-4
) titiateu with u.247 N Na0B.

a) methyl ieu (pKin = S.u)
b) methyl oiange (pKin = S.4)
c) thymol blue (pKin = 8.9)
u) phenolphthalein (pKin = 9.4)
e) biomothymol blue (pKin = 7.1)

SS. A solution has the following molai concentiations: |Cl
-
j = 1.S 1u
-1
, |Bi
-
j = S.u 1u
-4
, |Ci04
2-
j =
1.9 1u
-2
. A solution of AgN0S (1uu% uissociateu) is auueu to the above solution, uiop by uiop.
Which silvei salt will piecipitate fiist.
Bata: Ksp(AgCl) = 1.S x 1u
-1u
; Ksp(AgBi)= S.u x 1u
-1S
; Ksp(Ag2Ci04) = 1.9 x 1u
-12


a) AgCl b) AgBi c) Ag2Ci04 u) AgCl anu AgBi togethei
e) None of the above



S4. What is the wavelength of the light photon emitteu when an exciteu election in a hyuiogen atom
falls fiom the ! = S to ! = 2 level.

a) 4.S4 ! 1u
-7
m
b) S.12 ! 1u
-7
m
c) S.82 ! 1u
-7
m
u) 6.Su ! 1u
-7
m
e) None of these values

SS. Which one of the following salts, when uissolveu in watei, piouuces the solution with the "#$"%&'
pB.

a) KI b) KBi c) KCl u) KF
e) All of the salts will piouuce a solution with the same pB.

S6. Solution A has a pB of 8, anu solution B has a pB of 12. Bow many times the concentiation of
hyuioxiue ions is highei in solution B.

a) 4 times b) 1uu times c) 1uuu times u) 1u uuu times e) 1uu uuu times

S7. The symbol (b(BS
-
) is the equilibiium constant foi the ieaction:

a) BS
-
(aq) + B20 B2S(aq) + B0
-
(aq)
b) BS
-
(aq) + B0
-
(aq) S
2-
(aq) + B20
c) BS
-
(aq) + B20 BS0
+
(aq) + S
2-
(aq)
u) BS
-
(aq) + CBSC00B(aq) B2S(aq) + CBSC00
-
(aq)
e) BS
-
(aq) + BS0
+
(aq) B2S(aq) + B20

S8. Which of the following statements is tiue iegaiuing the following ieaction.

A + B C + B

I. The iate constant, kieveise of the ieveise ieaction incieases when tempeiatuie is incieaseu
II. The equilibiium constant, Keq, incieases when tempeiatuie is incieaseu
III. The activation eneigy, Ea, of the ieaction uecieases when tempeiatuie is incieaseu.
a) I only b) II only c) III only u) I anu III only e) I, II, anu III

S9. 2.S g of souium acetate was uissolveu to make 1 L of solution. 2 mL of u.S91 N BCl was then auueu
to this solution. What is the final pB of the solution. pKaCBSC00B = 4.67

a) 1.68 b) 4.67 c) 6.21 u) 7.6S e) 12.S8





4u. The following ieaction mechanism has been pioposeu foi the oveiall ieaction between moleculai
hyuiogen anu biomiue to yielu hyuiogen biomiue B2 + Bi2 2BBi:
Bi2 2Bi (fast, ieveisible) (k1, k-1)
Bi + B2 BBi + B (slow) (k2)
B + Bi2 BBi + Bi (fast) (kS)
What is the iate law. (Bint: steauy-state appioximation!)

a) k|B2j|Bi2j
b) k|B2j|Bi2j|BBij
2

c) k|B2j|Bi2j
(12)

u) k|B2j
(12)
|Bi2j|BBij
e) k|B2j
(12)
|Bi2j
(12)