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IMPORTANT TOPICS FOR IIT JEE



1. Detection of peroxy linkages / No. of peroxy bonds
2. Hybridization of N-metal atoms
3. Geometry of Molecules
4. Special oxidation states ( )
2 4 2
5
, Fe H O NO SO CaOCl (


5. Shapes of complexes
6. of complexes
7. Hybridization of Transition metals
8. No of lone pairs and bond pairs
9. Role of dehydrating agents like
2 5
P O
3
POCl anhydrous substances
10. Reason for color
11. Coloured and colorless species
12. Magnetic properties which is pora and which is dia
13. Bond orders
14. Thermal decomposition reactions (Less stable more stable)
15. Acidity and Basicity of compounds (inorganic)
16. Structures of Molecules special reference to oxyacids
17. Molecules existing as dimmers, timers.
18. EAN
19. Inert pair effects , , , Tl Pb Bi PO
20. Dipole moment H bond
21. Basicity of oxyacids
22. No. of ions in solutions of complexes
23. Lanthanide contraction
24. Diborane-Bridging Methylation
25. Hydration No. Mobility of ions
26. (A) Be, B, Al . Electro Deficiency
More oxygen More acidic (Except oxyaids of P]
27. Sizes of ions
( )
x x x
+
> >
28. M.P and B.P of Hydrides of non-metals
29. Stability of hydrides reducing nature basicity
30. Isostructurality (having same geometry)

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31. Allotropes of carbon Diamond & Graphite Entropy
32. Carbonate Calcinations Thermal decompositions (IIA Only)
33.
2 2 3 2
, , H O O CaOCl extra oxygen (nascent oxygen)
34. Electrolysis of fused salts only extraction of lighter metals
35. Role of substances like cryolite, flourspar in fusion
36. Borax-hydrolysis Boric Acid - structure B-O-B bonds
37. Alumina colored stones due to impurities- polymorphism Quartz
38.
3
AlCl - Lewis acid, fumes in moist air, ionic in solution exists as a dimer
39. Alum type of hydrolysis cationic no of
2
H O attached
40. CO and
2
CO ; neutral Acidic; Liganding Nature carbonyl
41. Silicone ketone Analogy
42. Silicates pyro, meta, ortho .
43. Oxides of nitrogen several diff o .s of N magnetic acidic color-dimeric
44.
4 4 6 4 10
, , P PO P O
45.
3 4
PH PH
+
- Basicity of Hydrides
46. Ozone structure resonance depletion of ozone layer
47.
2 2
H O - uses bleaching action - PbS
48. Bleaching by
2 2 3 2 2
, , , H O O SO Cl
49. Oxides of S max O . S Non metals Max O.S
50. Hypo Antichlor Photography complexing with , , , CU Fe Ag Au
- Iodometric calculations (or) reactions
-Unexpected solubility due to complex formation
51. Halogens Bond Energy, E.A. oxidizing ability, hydrations
(Reactivity with
2
H O ]
52. H x H bond, M.P., Reducability, acidity
53. ( )
2 4 6
, , . , . XeF XeF XeF B P L P shape, Hydrolysis
54. Hydrolysis procedure
55. Isomerism in complexes resulting in different ions in solution
56. SnO ,
2
SnO
2 4
SnCl SnCl Inert pair effect
PbO,
2
PbO
2 4
, PbCl PbCl
57.
3 4 2
, , FeO FeSO FeCl - Reducing ability to reach
3
Fe
+

58.
4 2
, , CuO CuSO CuCl act as a result of disproportionation of Cu
+

( )
2
2Cu Cu Cu
+ +
+

3

59.
4
KMnO - Preparation (
2
MnO fusion with dry KOH)
- Maximum o . S Hence oxidizing agent only
- Color due to charge transfer
( )
2
fusion Electrolysis
MnO KOH dry manganate green Permaganete purple +
60.
2 2 7
K Cr O
2
SO turns dichromate paper green
- chromyl chloride test
- chromates ore yellow only Na & K chromate
Chromate
acidic
basic


dichromate
61. Learn orcs of , , , , , , Cu Sn Pb Mg Al Zn Ag
62. ore dressing Magnetic separation Sn
- Froth floatatn sulfide ores only
- Calcinations carbonates
- Leaching Al, Ag, Au
63. Al Bayer, ser peck, Halls, Hall Heroult
64. Calcinations Roasting Smelting
65. Reduction Techniques Self (Cu, Pb)
Chemical (carbon) - ( ) , Fe Sn
Electrolytic (in fused state) Mg, Al
Cynide - | | , Ag Au
66. Vapor phase retiring Monds, Van Arkel
Zone Refining Highest Purity
Poling Hydrocarbons in bamboo poles
Cupallation Bone ash cupil absorbs PbO or Pb from Ag
Chromatography absorbent Eluent
67. Color of substances smell of gases colored gases- color of ppt Brown ring (for nitrate)
68. Solubility effects in Qualitative Analysis
69. Special Tests Chromyl chloride, nesslers Reagent
Starch Iodide paper
Lead acetate Paper
Litmus turning white
Dichromate paper


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70. Role of organic Reactns in inorganic

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NaHCO - effervescence RCOOH
Na Violent reaction with ROH
Ozonolysis break two bonds only
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

1. Max. No of atoms 4g
2
H , 1 mole Na
2. C; O; N- Equivalence
3. Mole concept (1mole = M.W.t = 22.42= )
4. Molarity, Molality, Normality
Volume strength of
2 2
H O
Degree of Hardness
5. Molality from Mole fraction (Mole fraction = x
Molality =
( )
1000
18 1
x
x

6. Molarity density Molality
7. N = M X V . F
8. Equivalenic in redox reaction
9. Balancing redox reactions missing (O) Technique
10. Grahams Law Table
11. Velocities, CP, C , C
12. K.E, Avg, KE of gases, - Temperature effect
13. Daltons Law
14. Vanderwaals equation
c b
T and T
15. Bohrs Energy - Ratio
1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
: , : : : ; : E E v v r r
16. Hydrogen spectrum Rydberg Equation
( ) 2 1 hydrogen = ( ) 4 2 He
+

17. Correct set of Q.Nos different angular momentum
Orbital angular momentum,.
18. KE, PE, T.E of Electron

2
1
.
2
z
zke zke
KE P E
r r

= =

2
1
2
zke
TE
r
=

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19. Velocity of e No

. Of revolution in 1 sec

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2.188 10 2
/ m s
n


2
16
3
1.326 10
2
V z
rn n
=
20. Debroglie
( )
; .
2 2 .
h h h h
mv p meV m K E
= = = =
21. Frequency of matter wave =
2
2 V mv KE
h h
= =
22. Heisenburg ( ) ( )
4
h
x m v


23.
0
KE hv hv =
0
v - Threshold frequency
24. Schrodinger
3/ 2
2 2
3 2
0 0
1 1 18 2
27
3 81 3
s
r r
e
a ao ao a
| | | |
= +
| |
\ \

Has node at
0
r r = Find ( )
0 0
r f a =
-concept of Nodes, Nodal Planes
25. ( ) H H n RT = + at const P
H E = at const vol.
Its always products reactants except when HL & BDE are used
f
H = ( ) ( )
C
H react Hc prod
Hc =
f
H (products) -
f
H (Reactants)
G H T S =
0
2.303 log G G RT Q = +
Criterion for spontaneity
26. Relation between
p c
K and K

p c
p c
p c
K K
K K
K K
=
<
>
for which reaction
27. Units of &
p c
K K
28. Calculation of
p c
K and K in altered reaction
29. Characteristics of equilibrium
30.
sp
K in cells -
x y
A B
31. PH PH of buffer PH of weak electrolytes very dil
( )
8
10



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32.
h
K C
2
( = degree of hydrolysis)
33. Theories Bronsted Lowry, Lewis
34. Faradays Laws (1F = 96,500 columbs = 1 mole of 1 e

=
35. Production of Electrolysis State (molton v/s aq)
Electrode (passive v/s active)
Conc. (50%
2 4 2 4
/ H SO v s dil H SO )
36. E.M.F Nemst
n
sp
Eq K conc. Cells
-After electrolysis from
0 0
G nFE =
37. Order
38. Arhenius Temp
39. Parallel path decay
40. Half life carbon dating
41. Cell edge diagonal volume density No of atoms
42. Raoults law
43. Isotonicity Vant Hoffs factor association dissociation
44. Physical v/s chemical adsorption
45. Factors affecting adsorption
46. Micell Emulsifying agent ; Lyophilic Lyophobic paratial size
47. Peptization v/s Flocculation Hardy schulz Rule
48. CMC
49. ; ,
N
P
- decay
50. Radio active equilibrium Sr; Rb ratio type

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
1. Stability due to resonance Hyper conjugation
2. Geometric No free rotation trans more stable than cis
-dipole moment of trans = O
3. Dipeptide in
NH
2
COOH
NH
2
+
HOOC COOH
NH
2

4. Optical MeSO, Racemic, diasteromers, enantiomers
5. Conformation of ethane, butane stability, type of strain
Reason free rotation

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6. Keto enol Tautomerism more when EWG present
7. Effect + I, -I, +M, -M
8. Orientation in Benzene
9. Acidity of R-COOH conjugate stability If necessary
10. Basicity of Amine conjugate stability If necessary
11. Stability of carbocation
12. Wurtz, decarboxylation free radical
13. Addition to C = C Morkownikov kharasch
- Stability of intermediate
-carbocation
-rearrangement
14. Pinacol Pinacolone (with ring expansion)
15. Elimination Zaisev, - more substituted
Hoffmann Less substituted
16. Ozonolysis
17.
2
2 2
water
Hg
C H
+

&
Re
Cu Ag
d White
PPT PPT


18. Aromaticity
19. Orientation in subst. Bnezenes (disubstitute)
20.
1 2
SN and SN
21. Aldol & cannizaro, HVZ Esterification
22. Nitrobenzene
Reduction

23. Diazotisation coupling
24. Glucoses, fructose Reduction ( )
3 2 2
, HNO Br H O +
25. Hydrolysis of sugar
26. Mutarotation
27. Zwitter ion
28. Polymers
29. Lassaignes Test Results
30. Hoffmann Bromamide
31. Carbyl amine Test
32. Chloroform
33. Beck Man Rearrangement