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Level 1 Questions

(P01C03L03Q047)

Find the value of the expression 413 411 4 without using a calculator.

Solution

413 411 4 = 413 11+1

= 43

=64

(P01C03L03Q048)

Find the value of the expression 38 26 34 311 25 without using a calculator.

Solution

38 2 6 34 311 25 = 38 34 311 2 6 25

= 38 +4 11 26 5

= 31 21

=6

(P01C03L03Q049)

Simplify 6 y 4 y 3 2 y 5 .

Solution

6 y 4 y3 2 y5 =

6 4 +3 5

y

2

=3y2

(P01C03L03Q050)

Simplify

2r r 5

16r 2

Solution

2r r 5

16r 2

r1+5 2

8

r4

8

(P01C03L03Q051)

Simplify m3

2m 9

6m 6

Solution

m3

2m9

1

= m3+9 6

3

6m

6

m6

3

(P01C03L03Q052)

Simplify y 5 (

y3

).

2

Solution

y 5 (

y3

2

) = y 5 ( 3 )

2

y

= 2 y 5 3

=2 y 2

(P01C03L03Q053)

Write down the coefficients and the degree of the following monomials.

(a) 2xy

(b)

x3

5

Solution

(a) The coefficient of xy in 2xy = 2

The degree of 2xy = exponent of x + exponent of y

2

=1+1

=2

3

x

1

(b) The coefficient of x 3 in 5 = 5

The degree of

x3

=3

5

(P01C03L03Q054)

Complete the following table.

Polynomial

x3 +

Number

of terms

Coefficient of

x3

x2

Constant

term

Degree of

polynomial

Degree of

polynomial

x2

+ 3 x 10

2

8x 2 + x 2

Solution

Polynomial

x3 +

x2

+ 3 x 10

2

8x 2 + x 2

Number

of terms

Coefficient of

x3

x2

Constant

term

1

2

10

(P01C03L03Q055)

Simplify the following polynomials.

(a) 6 y + y 2 5 y 2 + 3 2 y

(b)

m

5m

x+

+ 9x

3

3

Solution

(a)

6 y + y 2 5 y 2 +3 2 y

= y 2 5 y 2 +6 y 2 y +3

= 4 y 2 + 4 y +3

(b)

m

5m

x +

+9x

3

3

m 5m

= +

x +9x

3

3

= 2m + 8 x

(P01C03L03Q056)

For the polynomial

t2

t4

+ 1 + 6t ,

5

9

(b) arrange the terms in both descending powers and ascending powers of t respectively.

Solution

(a) The degree of the polynomial

t2

t4

+ 1 + 6t is 4.

5

9

t4 t2

+ 6t + 1

9

5

t2 t4

5

9

(P01C03L03Q057)

Find the value of the polynomial u 2 + 2u 1 in each of the following cases.

(a) u = 2

(b) u = 1

Solution

(a)

(b)

= 4 +4 1

=7

When u = 1, the value of the polynomial =( 1) 2 +2( 1) 1

=1 2 1

=2

(P01C03L03Q058)

4

x

in each of the following cases.

9

(a) x = 1

(b) x = 3

Solution

When x =1, the value of the polynomial = (1)3 +

(a)

= 1 +

=

1

9

1

9

8

9

(b)

= 27

= 26

(P01C03L03Q059)

Simplify ( a + 2b c ) + (b + 2c a ) .

Solution

(a + 2b c) + (b + 2c a ) = a a + 2b + b c + 2c

= 3b + c

(P01C03L03Q060)

Simplify ( 2 x + y 4 z ) + ( z y x ) .

Solution

(2 x + y 4 z ) + ( z y x) = 2 x x + y y 4 z + z

= x 3z

2

3

1

3

3

9

(P01C03L03Q061)

Expand 2(6 x y ) .

Solution

2(6 x y ) =12 x +2 y

(P01C03L03Q062)

Expand ( x +1)(3x 2) .

Solution

( x +1)(3 x 2) =( x +1)(3 x ) ( x +1)( 2)

=(3 x 2 +3 x ) (2 x +2)

=3 x 2 +3 x 2 x 2

=3 x 2 + x 2

(P01C03L03Q063)

Expand ( y 2) 2 .

Solution

( y 2) 2 = ( y 2)( y 2)

= ( y 2)( y ) ( y 2)(2)

= ( y 2 2 y ) ( 2 y 4)

= y2 2 y 2 y + 4

= y2 4 y + 4

Level 2 Questions

(P01C03L04Q038)

Simplify

23s +1

23s 1

Solution

23s +1

23s 1

= 2 (3 s +1) (3s 1)

= 23 s +13s +1

= 22

=4

(P01C03L04Q039)

Simplify 6 x12

2 x3

(x 5 ) .

9

Solution

6 x12

2 x3

9

(x 5 ) = 6 x12 3 (x 5 )

9

2x

6 9 12 35

=

x

2

= 27 x 4

(P01C03L04Q040)

Simplify 27 p 4 q 7

q2

p2 .

9p

Solution

27 p 4 q 7

q2

p 2 = 3 p 4 12 q 7 +2

9p

= 3 pq 9

(P01C03L04Q041)

Write down the degrees and the constant terms of the following polynomials.

(a) x 6 4 z 2 xyz + x 4 y 2 z 1

(b) 3a 2b + 2 bc 3 + c 5

Solution

The constant term is 1.

x 6 4 z 2 xyz + x 4 y 2 z 1

is 7.

The constant term is 2.

(P01C03L04Q042)

Simplify x 2 2 x + 2 x 4 + 5 x + 3 x 2 x 3 .

Solution

x 2 2 x + 2 x 4 +5 x +3 x 2 x 3

= x 4 x 3 + x 2 + 3 x 2 2 x + 5 x + 2

= x 4 x 3 + 4 x 2 +3 x + 2

(P01C03L04Q043)

Find the value of the polynomial

(a) x = 1, y = 2

(b) x = 2, y = 1

x 2 +2 xy 1

Solution

(a) When x = 1, y = 2,

the value of the polynomial

=12 +2(1)(2) 1

=1 +4 1

=4

(b) When x = 2, y = 1,

the value of the polynomial

=( 2) 2 +2( 2)( 1) 1

=4 +4 1

=7

(P01C03L04Q044)

Suppose there are 2 000 000 birds living in the New Territories in winter, and x 2 400 x of them

carry bird flu.

(a) Express the number of birds that do not carry bird flu in terms of x.

(b) Hence, find the number of birds that do not carry bird flu if x = 1000.

Solution

(a) Number of birds that do not carry bird flu

=2 000 000 ( x 2 400 x )

=x 2 +400 x +2 000 000

= (1000) 2 +400(1000) +2 000 000

= 1 000 000 +400 000 +2 000 000

=1 400 000

(P01C03L04Q045)

Expand ( x y )(5 x 2 y ) and arrange the terms in descending powers of x.

Solution

( x y )(5 x 2 y ) =( x y )(5 x ) ( x y )(2 y )

=(5 x 2 5 xy ) ( 2 xy 2 y 2 )

=5 x 2 5 xy 2 xy +2 y 2

=5 x 2 7 xy +2 y 2

(P01C03L04Q046)

A telecommunications company gives free mobile phones to its service users. Suppose it has

360 000 1200 x users and each mobile phone costs $(900 +1.2 x) .

(a) Find the cost of mobile phones for all the users in terms of x.

(b) Find the cost in (a) when

(i) x = 50.

(ii) x = 0.

Solution

(a) Cost of mobile phones for all the users

=$[(360 000 1200 x ) (900 +1.2 x )]

=$[(360 000 1200 x )(900) +(360 000 1200 x )(1.2 x )]

=$[(324 000 000 1 080 000 x ) +( 432 000 x 1440 x 2 )]

=$( 1440 x 2 648 000 x +324 000 000)

(b) (i)

When x = 50,

cost =$[1440 (50) 2 648 000 50 +324 000 000]

=$288 000 000

(ii) When x = 0,

cost =$[ 1440 (0) 2 648 000 0 +324 000 000]

=$324 000 000

10

Level 2+ Questions

(P01C03L05Q009)

(a) Simplify (10 x + y ) 2 and arrange the terms in descending powers of x.

(b) Hence, show that (10 x +5) 2 =100 x( x +1) + 25 .

(c) Using the result of (b), find the value of the following without using a calculator.

(i) 15 15

(ii) 9595

Solution

(a)

= (10 x + y )(10 x) + (10 x + y )( y )

= 100 x 2 + 10 xy + 10 xy + y 2

= 100 x 2 + 20 xy + y 2

2

2

2

(b) (10 x + 5) =100 x + 20 x 5 + 5

=100 x 2 +100 x + 25

(c) (i)

When x = 1, we have

15 15 =100 1 (1 +1) +25

=100 1 2 +25

= 200 +25

= 225

95 95 =100 9 (9 +1) + 25

=100 9 10 + 25

= 9000 + 25

= 9025

11

(P01C03L05Q010)

(a) Expand ( x 2 + x + a b)( x 2 + b) + c + b(b a) and arrange the terms in descending powers of x.

(b) Hence, represent x 4 + x 3 + 5 x 2 + x + 10 in the form of ( x 2 + x + m)( x 2 + n) + k , where m, n

and k are integers.

Solution

( x 2 + x + a b)( x 2 +b) + c +b(b a )

(a)

= x 4 + x 3 + ax 2 bx 2 +bx 2 +bx + ab b 2 + c +b 2 ab

= x 4 + x 3 + ax 2 +bx + c

x 4 + x 3 +5 x 2 + x +10

(b)

= ( x 4 + x +4)( x 2 +1) +10 4

= ( x 4 + x +4)( x 2 +1) +6

12

(P01C03L06Q032)

Simplify ( 2 y 2 )(3 y 4 ) .

A. 6 y 6

B. 6 y 8

C. 6 y16

D. 6( y 2 + y 4 )

Solution

A

( 2 y 2 )(3 y 4 ) =2(3) y 2 +4

=6 y 6

(P01C03L06Q033)

Simplify

3a 4a 8

6a 4

A.

2a 2

B.

1 4

a

2

C.

D.

2a 4

2a 5

Solution

D

3a 4a 8

3 4 1+8 4

=

a

6

6a 4

= 2a 5

13

(P01C03L06Q034)

Simplify 28 x 5 y 3 4 x x 2 y .

A. 7 xy

B. 7 x 2 y 2

C. 7 x 6 y 4

D.

7x

y2

Solution

B

28 x 5 y 3 4 x x 2 y =7 x 5 12 y 3 1

=7 x 2 y 2

(P01C03L06Q035)

Find the constant term in

A. 5

B. 5

C. 3

D. 3

(9 x 3 8 x + 4) (2 x + 7 x 2 )

Solution

C

(9 x 3 8 x + 4) ( 2 x + 7 x 2 )

= 9 x 3 8 x + 4 2 x 7 + x 2

= 9 x 3 + x 2 8 x 2 x + 4 7

= 9 x 3 + x 2 10 x 3

14

after simplification.

(P01C03L06Q036)

The coefficient of x 3 in the monomial

x3

is

2

1

.

2

A.

B.

1

.

2

C.

D.

2.

2.

Solution

A

(P01C03L06Q037)

The degree of the monomial abc 2 d 2 is

A. 2.

B. 2.

C. 6.

D. 6.

Solution

C

Degree of the monomial

= exponent of a + exponent of b + exponent of c + exponent of d

=1 +1 +2 +2

=6

(P01C03L06Q038)

The degree of the polynomial

A. 1.

B. 3.

C. 4.

D. 5.

8 y 4 5 x 3 y 2 +12 x

is

15

Solution

D

Degree of the polynomial

= degree of the term 5 x 3 y 2

= exponent of x + exponent of y

=3+2

=5

(P01C03L06Q039)

Which of the following polynomials is arranged in ascending powers of x?

A. x + 8

B. 2 + x 2

C. x 4 + x 3 10 x + 3

D. x +1 + x 2

Solution

B

(P01C03L06Q040)

Find the value of the polynomial 5 x 2 x + 2 when x = 1 .

A. 2

B. 5

C. 6

D. 8

Solution

D

When

x = 1

=5( 1) 2 ( 1) +2

=5 +1 +2

=8

16

(P01C03L06Q041)

Simplify (2a ab + 8b) 2[4ab (3b 9a)] .

A. 7 a 9ab +11b

B. 20a 9ab +14b

C. 16a 9ab +14b

D. 20a 9ab + 2b

Solution

C

( 2a ab +8b) 2[4ab (3b 9a )]

= 2a ab +8b 2( 4ab 3b +9a )

= 2a ab +8b 8ab +6b 18a

= 16a 9ab +14b

(P01C03L06Q042)

Simplify (5 x 3 + x 2 + 6 x + 2) + (4 x 2 + 3 x 1) .

A. 4 x 2 +13 x +1

B. 4 x 3 + 4 x 2 + 9 x +1

C. 5 x 3 + 5 x 2 + 9 x 1

D. 5 x 3 + 5 x 2 + 9 x +1

Solution

D

( 5 x 3 + x 2 + 6 x + 2) + ( 4 x 2 +3 x 1)

= 5 x 3 + x 2 + 4 x 2 + 6 x +3 x + 2 1

= 5 x 3 +5 x 2 +9 x +1

(P01C03L06Q043)

Find the coefficient of x 2 in (2 x +1)(5 7 x) after simplification.

A. 5

B. 5

C. 14

D. 14

17

Solution

C

( 2 x +1)(5 7 x ) = ( 2 x +1)(5) (2 x +1)(7 x)

=10 x +5 (14 x 2 + 7 x )

= 14 x 2 +3 x +5

(P01C03L06Q044)

Expand ( x 2)(3 x +1) .

A. 3x 2 5 x 2

B. 3 x 2 + 4 x + 2

C. 3x 2 + 5 x 3

D. 3x 2 7 x 2

Solution

A

( x 2)(3 x +1) =( x 2)(3 x ) +( x 2)(1)

=3 x 2 6 x + x 2

=3 x 2 5 x 2

(P01C03L06Q045)

Find the value of the product of 4 x 3 x 2 + 5 x 2 and 6 x 2 + x +1 when x = 0 .

A. 4

B. 2

C. 1

D. 4

Solution

B

When x = 0 ,

4 x 3 x 2 + 5 x 2 = 2

6 x 2 + x +1 =1

(4 x 3 x 2 +5 x 2)(6 x 2 + x +1) = (2)(1)

= 2

(P01C03L06Q046)

Expand 2( x +2 y )( y 2 xy ) and arrange the terms in ascending powers of x.

18

A.

B.

C.

D.

2 x 2 y +2 xy 2 4 y 3

4 y 3 + 2 xy 2 + 2 x 2 y

4 y 3 xy 2 x 2 y

x 2 y xy 2 4 y 3

Solution

B

2( x +2 y )( y 2 xy ) =2[( x +2 y )( y 2 ) ( x +2 y )( xy )]

=2[ xy 2 +2 y 3 ( x 2 y +2 xy 2 )]

=2( xy 2 +2 y 3 x 2 y 2 xy 2 )

=2( 2 y 3 xy 2 x 2 y )

=4 y 3 +2 xy 2 +2 x 2 y

19

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