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Ancient Monument Pyramids of Giza: The Giza necropolis, situated in the immediate vicinity of the southwestern suburbs of Cairo

is home to the most famous ancient Egyptian monuments. The pyramids in Giza were built over the span of three generations by Khufu, his second reigning son Khafre, and en!aure. The Great "yramid of Khufu is the oldest and sole remnant of the #even $onders of the %ncient $orld. &ver ' million bloc!s of stone were used to construct the pyramid, during a '( year period concluding around ')*( +C. The pyramid is an awe,inspiring -./ meters 01)) feet2 high ma!ing it the largest pyramid in Egypt, although nearby Khafre3s "yramid appears to be larger as it is build at a higher elevation. Modern Monument The Alexandria National Museum: The %le4andria 5ational inaugurated by "resident 8osni useum has grown in importance these days, and is now considered one of Egypt6s finest museums. 7t was ubara! on 9ecember .-st, '((., and is one more addition to the reasons one should visit this grand old city. The national museum is located in a restored palace and contains about -,:(( artifacts that narrate the history of %le4andria throughout the ages, including the "haraonic, ;oman, Coptic and 7slamic eras. There are even some more modern pieces, including -/th century glassware, silverware, chinaware and precious <ewels, which provide a sense of the richness of the court of ohammed %li and his descendants. ummies are shown in a special underground chamber 0basement2. %lso, some of the items found during the archaeological underwater e4cavations in %le4andria are now on the same floor as the Greco,;oman artifacts. Ancient Occupation Farmers: The pharaoh got the rich peasants to do the farm wor! on the rich lands. The peasants wor!ed as either reapers or gleaners. The reapers went through the fields first and they did wor! such as plowing the field to loosen the dirt for the seeds to go in or they would winnow.$innowing means to get the debris off of grain. Egyptian farmers grew some foods such as fig trees and wheat and barley. Modern Occupation: Tourism is one of the most important sectors in Egypt6s economy. ore than -'.: million tourists visited Egypt in '((:, providing revenues of nearly =--

billion. The tourism sector employs about -'> of Egypt6s wor!force. Tourism =/.1 billion in '(-', a slight increase over the =/ billion seen in '(--.


8isham ?aazou told industry professionals and reporters that tourism generated some Ancient Political System: %ncient Egypt was ruled by a !ing@"haroah who claimed to be the son of the god ;a@;e in the &ld Kingdom, or %mun later on 0later combined with ;a into %mun,;a2, but it wasn6t an absolute monarchy as we !now it. The !ing6s family also Auite obviously en<oyed a lot of power, mainly in the military and religious orders, the two most prestigious institutions in %ncient Egypt. There was also the nobility, possibly descended from the local elite who ruled the various nomes 0provinces2 of Egypt before the !ingdom6s unification. These elites still had a prominent role in local administration, as scribes, bureaucrats, ta4 collectors, etc., and also had a prescence in the military and temples. Modern Political System: The Egyptian political system refers to the rules, regulation and practices, its political structure and fundamental laws, all which shows how the government, its state power and relationship between the state and society wor!s. Egypt being a ;epublic with a democratic system outlines the political system and defines its public authorities. Ancient Food: #everal types of meats were eaten, including por! in some regions.Cattle beef was commonly eaten by the rich, along with sheep or goat, while the poor often ate geese, duc!s and other fowl. %nimals that we consider to be e4otic today we also eaten, such as gazelles and antelopes. +ecause of religious stigma, many types of seafood were avoided. Modern Food: Egyptian cuisine is characterized by dishes such as Bul and coo!ed with garlic and coriander sauceC and Betir similarities with food of the Eastern edames, mashed fava beansC Koshari, rice,stuffed pigeonC 6 olo!heyya, a green plant chopped eshaltet. Egyptian cuisine shares editerranean region, such as rice,stuffed

vegetables, grape leaves, #hawerma, Kebab, Balafel, +aba Ghannoug, and ba!lava. #ome consider Koshari , a mi4ture of rice, lentils, and macaroni , to be the national dish. Bul the edames is also one of the most popular dishes. Bava bean is also used in ma!ing iddle East. falafel 0also !nown as taDmeyya2, which originated in Egypt and spread to other parts of