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Tamboli Hydro Electric Power Plant

Hydrology

CHAPTER I HYDROLOGY

A. GENERAL The planned Tamboli Hydropower Plants is located in Tamboli river, Southeast Sulawesi. The plants is a run-off-river type utilities river flow and rapids available along the river. The report scribes hydrological analysis to be made including collection and review of existing data, analysis to estimate the flow availability of Tamboli River at plant sites, analysis to estimate the period probabilities, power, and energy potentials and sedimentation conditions. B. AVAILABLE DATA Hydrological data collected up to the time this analysis was made are as follows. . Topographic !ap in "#$,$$$ scale published by the %ational Survey and !apping &oordination 'oard ( 'a)orsurtanal *, sheet number + +. +-,+ (-olo*, + , (Tongauna*. Topographic maps in number + ,. .. #. "+#$,$$$ scale published by the %ational Survey and !apping &oordination 'oard ('a)orsurtanal*, sheet + (/arompong* and ++ + (0endari*. 1epth-discharge flow at Tamboli stations, in daily series from the year 232- 222, +$$. and +$$4. 1aily rainfall record of the stations located in the vicinity of the pro5ect site consisting of Tamboli, !owewe, /asusua, and 'alandate. !etrological records at several stations around the pro5ect site including temperature, relative humidity, pan evaporation, wind speed, sun shines at 6ndowenga ( 22. to +$$.*. C. GOAL AND OBJECTIVES +-,. (Peg !e)ongga*, ++ +(!owewe*, ++ +-

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7n outline, the goals of this hydrology study is to support the detail design of Tamboli H8PP Pro5ect, so that the ob5ectives to gain is to find 9 . &ondition and characteristic from a. b. &atchments 6rea &limate and !eteorology

+. Rating curve and flow 1uration &urve ,. :alue of design flood discharge .. :alue of optimum discharge to design Hydro &omponent (latern it called optimum discharge, and also )now as plant discharge*. #. :alue of firm discharge or always available discharge.

D. DATA SCRUTINIZING . &atchments 6rea The catchments boundary of the Tamboli River at the power plants inta)e from topographic maps in 'a)orsurtanal Sheet + Sheet + + ; ,+ -olo + ; ,. Peg. !e)onnga !owewe "#$,$$$ scale published by

Sheet ++ + -

Sheet ++ + - , Tongauna Some areas are not well mapped due to cloud cover during the mapping, contour lines are not available in these areas therefore estimations of the boundary is made. 'ased on the measurement, the total catchments area is +, , # )m+.

+.

&limatology

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Hydrology

&ollected climatological data consist of temperature, humidity, wind velocity, sun radiation, evaporation, and rainfall records. !ost of the data were collected from 6ndowengga stations, except rainfall data that were collected from Tamboli, !owewe, /asusua and 'alandete stations (a* 6ir Temperature 6ir Temperature data were collected from 6ndowenga ( 22. to +$$.* station with same missing data, as show following tables. <rom the record in 6ndowenga station, the average, maximum, and minimum air relative humidity are +#.+, , ., and respectively. Table . The 6verage 6ir temperature at 6ndowenga station
No + , . # 4 = 3 2 $ Year 22. 22# 224 22= 223 222 +$$$ +$$ +$$+ +$$, Jan +.. +2. +=.. +=.. , ., +4.. +=.= ++.4 ++.. ++.. +4. , ., ++.. > Feb +..+ +2.+ +=.# +=.$ +4., +4.. +3.$ ++.3 ++.. +=.3 +4.+ +2.+ ++.. Mar +.. +3.+ +=.. +=.. +4.+ +4.4 +=.# ++.4 ++.+ ++., +#.# +3.+ ++.+ Apr +#.# +#.# +3.= +=.. +4.4 +4.= +2.$ ++.2 ++., ++., +#.= +2.$ ++., Ma +3.4 +=.# +=.. +=.# +4. +4.4 ,$.= ++.# ++., ++.+ +4. ,$.= ++.+ J!ne +2.2 +=.. +=.. +3., +4.+ +4.= ,$.3 ++.# ++.. ++.+ +4.. ,$.3 ++.+ J!" +2. +=.. +4.# +=.3 +4.3 +4.# ,$.2 +,.+ ++., ++.+ +4., ,$.2 ++.+ A!# +=.2 +=.= +4.2 +4.3 +#.# +4.3 +,.+ +3.. ++. +4. +3.. ++. Sep +#.= +=.# +=., +#.. +4.+ +=.$ ++.# ++.# +=.. +=.$ +#.3 +=.# ++.# O$% +=., +=.4 +=.# +#.4 +4.4 +4.= ++.# ++.# ++.4 ++., +#. +=.4 ++., No& +=.= +=. +4.. +#., +4.# +=.$ + ., ++.$ ++.. ++., +..3 +=.= + ., De ' +4., +=.= +=.# +#.. =.4 ++.4 ++.# ++., ++., +,.3 +=.= =.4 Mean +4.= +=.= +=., +4.3 +..# +#.2 +..# ++.= +,., +,. +#.+ +2. + .3

=.4 o&

6verage !aximum !inimum %ote -

unavailable

(b* 6ir Relative humidity 6ir relative humidity data were collected from 6ndowenga ( 22. to +$$.* stations with same missing data, as show following
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tables. <rom the record in 6ndowenga station, the average, maximum, and minimum air relative humidity are 2#. , 22 and 3 ? respectively. Table .+ The 6verage 6ir Relative at 6ndowenga station
No + , . # 4 = 3 2 $ Year 22. 22# 224 22= 223 222 +$$$ +$$ +$$+ +$$, Jan 23.$ 2=.$ 2=.$ 2+.$ 2..$ 2..$ 32.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 2$.$ 2..4 23.$ 32.$ > Feb 23.$ 2=.$ 23.$ 33.$ 2=.$ 2#.$ 2 .$ 23.$ 2=.$ 24.$ 2#.# 23.$ 33.$ Mar 23.$ 2=.$ 23.$ 32.$ 2$.$ 2..$ 2+.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 24.$ 2..2 23.$ 32.$ Apr(" 23.$ 23.$ 23.$ 2$.$ 2.., 2$.3 24.$ 23.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 2#.3 23.$ 2$.$ Ma 2$.$ 23.$ 23.$ 2..$ 2+.$ 2..$ 2=.$ 2=.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 2#.# 23.$ 2$.$ J!ne 2=.. 2=.$ 2=.$ 2 .$ 2,.$ 2,.$ 23.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 2+.$ 2#., 23.$ 2 .$ J!" 23.$ 2=.$ 2=.$ 2=.$ 2+.$ 2+.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 22.$ 3,.$ 2#.$ 22.$ 3,.$ A!# 2=.$ 2=.$ 3,.$ 2=.$ 2=.$ 2#.$ 23.$ 23.$ 24.$ 2#., 23.$ 3,.$ Sep 2#.$ 2=.$ 34.$ 2#.$ 2 .$ 2..$ 2..$ 23.$ 23.$ 24.$ 2... 23.$ 34.$ O$% 2=.$ 2=.$ 3 .$ 2..$ 2+.$ 2+.$ 2..3 23.$ 23.$ 24.$ 2..$ 23.$ 3 .$ No& 2=.$ 2=.$ 32.$ 2 .$ 2$.. 2..3 32.+ 23.$ 2#.$ 2=.$ 2,.3 23.$ 32.$ De ' 22.$ 23.$ 2=.$ 2#.$ 2=.$ 2+.= 23.$ 23.$ 24.$ 24.= 22.$ 2+.= Mean 24.2 2=., 2,., 2+.3 3#.+ 2,.3 34.$ 2=.3 2=.# 2.., 2#. 23.+ 3=.4

6verage !aximum !inimum %ote -

unavailable

(c* -ind :elocity -ind velocity data were collected from 6ndowenga ( 22. to +$$.* stations with same missing data, as show following tables. <rom the record in 6ndowenga station, the average, maximum, and minimum air relative humidity are +3.=, .2 and respectively. $ )m"day

Table ., The 6verage -ind :elocity at 6ndowenga station


No + , . Year 22. 22# 224 22= Jan ,$.# ,$.+ +4.2 +=.4 Feb ,$., ,$.4 +4.3 +2.+ Mr% ,$. + .# ,+., ,=.$ Apr(" ,$.2 , .3 +#.3 +=.3 Ma ,$.+ +3.= + . +3.. J!ne ,$., +2.2 +$.3 +3.. J!" ,$.+ +=.3 +#.. +,.= A#'% ,$., +2.4 , .2 .$.. Sep ,$., ,4.# ,=.2 .#.. O)% ,$.. ,=.2 ,+.3 .2.$ No& ,$., ,$. +4. De ' , .. +=.3 ,3.. +3.3 Mean ,$.. ,$.+ +3.2 ,$.#

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# 4 = 3 2 $ 223 222 +$$$ +$$ +$$+ +$$, +=.= +4.+ #. +3. +#.# +,.2 +4.+ ,$.# #. > +4.+ +2.+ 2.2 ,4. , . +2., +3.2 ,4. 2.2 +$.2 , .4 +.. + .= ,,.+ +4.2 +=.2 ,=.$ +$.2 +..4 +4.3 ..3 + .+ ,,.. + .$ +#.3 ,,.. ..3 +..= +=.= 2., +,., ,... 2.4 +#.= ,... 2., +3.# +..# $.$ +..+ +2.# ++.$ +..3 ,$., $.$ +3. +=.= ++.3 ,,.+ ,4. +,.= +=.2 ,4. ++.3 , .# ,#.+ .,.3 .+.4 +..+ ,... .,.3 +..+ ,#.+ ,..4 ,+. . .4 .,.+ +3.4 ,4.# .#.. +3.4 ,,. +4.4 ++.. +2., .4., +=.+ ,,.# .2.$ ++..

Hydrology
+..= ..# +..= 4.+ ,=.4 ++.+ +#.+ ,=.4 ..# +$. ,..2 +$.3 +$.3 +..# +=.# ,3.. +$. +#.. +=. +$.$ +3., ,..# +... +3.= ,=.= 2..

6verage !aximum !inimum %ote9 -

unavailable

(d* Sun radiation Sun radiation data were collected from 6ndowenga ( 22. to +$$.* stations with same missing data, as show following tables. <rom the record in 6ndowenga station, the average, maximum, and minimum air relative humidity are + #.., ,33 and .$.3 cal"cm+"day respectively. Table .. The 6verage Sun radiation at 6ndowenga station
No + , . Year 22. 22# 224 22= Jan +2=.$ .$.3 43.2 +2=.$ .$.3 > Feb = .3 +$..$ 3#.# #,.3 +,+.$ 3#.# Mar +..+ +=,.$ = .3 32.= +=,.$ +..+ Apr(" #=4.$ +.$.$ .$3.$ #=4.$ +.$.$ Ma +$3. +,3.$ 3 .$ +$2.$ +,3.$ 3 .$ J!ne +$+.= +3.$ ++..$ 3..2 ++..$ +3.$ J!" +$#.2 ,$ .$ =..$ 2,.4 ,$ .$ =..$ A!# ,#.3 ++.$ +3.2 ,#.3 ++.$ Sep 2.., 2+.$ 2,. 2.., 2+.$ O$% ++2.$ =3.$ +$,.# ++2.$ =3.$ No& ,33.$ 2..$ +2 .$ ,33.$ 2..$ De' , ,.$ +$3.$ +4$.# , ,.$ +$3.$ Mean $.$ +.2.2 +$. #2., + #.. +3,.. .=.,

6verage !aximum !inimum %ote9

unavailable

(e* Pan 8vaporation Pan 8vaporation data were collected from 6ndowenga ( 22. to +$$.* stations with same missing data, as show following tables. <rom the record in 6ndowenga station, the average, maximum, and minimum air relative humidity are $.3, respectively.
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. , and $..3 mm

Tamboli Hydro Electric Power Plant

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Table .# The Pan 8vaporationat 6ndowenga station


!onth 8vaporatio n (mm"day Ban $.#3 <eb $.2, !ar .$# 6pr . , !ay $.2 Bun $.3 Bul $.2 6ug $..3 Sep $.=+ @ct $.=, %ov $.3. 1es $.#3

(f* Rainfall 1aily and monthly rainfall data located in around the catchments Tamboli station. 1ata availability is varied, from 232 t$ +$$. and +$$4 but with few missing. The annual rainfalls recorded at each station and their availabilities are presented on the following table. @nly rainfall records at Tamboli station is representative for Tamboli H8PP catchment area , other are located too far the catchment are therefore ThiessenAs polygon can not be construction inside the catchment area. <rom the records at Tamboli station, the average annual rainfall is 3 4.# mm"year

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