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Synthesis on Cybercrime In Partial Fulfillment for The Requirements In CpE 523 Engineering Ethics MWF 9:30 10:30 am

Submitted to: Engr. Christine Gohetia Submitted by: Philip Johainnes Salise

Crime, in laymans terms, denotes an unlawful act punishable by the state. Crime, also called and offence or a criminal offence, is an act that harms not only a certain individual, but also to the society. Such actions are not permitted and is punishable by law. To be classified as a crime, the act of doing something not good must be always followed by the purpose of doing something harmful, with certain exceptions. While every crime violates the law, not every violation of the law counts as a crime. Cybercrime, the topic in this synthesis, refers to various crimes that involves a computer and or a network. A host computer or a remote computer may have been used to commit a crime. Criminal offences that are made against a person or group, with the sole purpose of harming them, either physically or mentally, using a computer or a network constitutes a cybercrime. Modern telecommunications networks such as the internet and mobile phones become conduits in committing the crime. Cybercrime can be committed through chat rooms, emails, forum sites, social media networks. Such crimes may threaten a nations security. Different types of crime include cracking, copyright infringement, child porn, and child grooming. There are also issues of privacy being exploited when confidential information is stolen, lawfully or unlawfully. Cybercrime is not only done by private persons or groups. Even the government is also an actor in committing cybercrimes. This include, espionage, financial theft and other cross-border crimes. Cross-border crime is usually called cyberwarfare. The international system mandated to act on these types of crimes is the International Criminal Court. Here are some terms that have gained notoriety since the advent of the internet. Malware, viruses, worms, Trojan horses, hacking, phishing, spoofing, pharming, phreaking. As more and more people are going online, especially that mobile phones have become smarter and increasingly connected to the internet, and so do the cybercriminals. Bills and laws have already been passed to deter and prosecute these cybercriminals. But also, many advocates have become wary of the governments dipping their hands into the internet. Advocates say that the internet must maintain its neutrality. It is free for everybody and nobody must rule over the internet.

One such provision of the cybercrime law in the Philippines, where activists have strongly denounced, is the internet libel. The Supreme Courts decision to make internet libel, Section 4 (c) (4) of the RA 10175, as constitutional have made many activists unhappy. And also, that the punishment regarding online libel is very harsh and expensive. The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, officially known as Republic Act No. 10175, is a law in the country of the Philippines approved on September 12, 2012. It aims to address legal issues concerning online interactions and the Internet in the Philippines. Among the cybercrime offenses included in the bill are cybersquatting, cybersex, child pornography, identity theft, illegal access to data and libel. This was hailed for penalizing illegal acts done via the internet that were not covered by old laws, since the internet is a new area and a very lucrative one for lawyers wanting to earn more dough , the act has been slammed for its provision on criminalizing libel, which is perceived to curtail freedom of expression. This is not new here in the Philippines, which is known for journalists with high mortality rates. This is why corruption is still rampant, and if nothing will be done about this, I do not know what the future will hold. source: