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# Reference

Section

332

333

Contents
Reference
Amada have compiled some useful data which may assist engineers in the daily business of
sheet metal design and production.
Page
General

Page
Press Brake

SI Units of Measurement

336

## Air Bending Tonnage Calculation

Mechanical Properties

336

## Air Bending Tonnage Chart: Mild Steel 346

345

Hardness Conversions

337

338

## Air Bending Tonnage Chart:

Stainless Steel

347

Material Strengths

338

Hemming Tonnages

348

Sheets / Tonne

339

## Bend Allowance - 90: Mild Steel

349

Standard Conversions

340

## Bend Allowance - 90: Stainless Steel 350

Calculation of Volume

341

350

of Gravity

342

Punch Press

## Tapping: Drill Sizes

344

Tonnage Calculation

351

351

352

352
353
353

Reference

## Correct Tool Heights

Die Clearances

334

The information and data contained within this reference section is for guidance purposes only.
Amada cannot accept any responsibility for typographical errors or mistakes contained herein.

335

General

General

SI Units
of Measurement
Volume

Unit

Length
Mass

Metre

m
kg

Time

Second

Electric Current

Ampere

Area

Metre Square

Volume

Metre Cubic

Velocity

Metre/Second

m/s

Metre/Second

Acceleration

Kilogram / Cubic

Density

Metre

FrequencyHertz

Rockwell Hardness C
Scale (3)

Sign

Kilogram

m/s

Kg/m3

Hz

Force

Newton

Pressure, Stress

Pascal

Pa

Joule

Energy
Work RateWatt

Electromotive
Force
Electric
Resistance

Voltage

Ohm

Mechanical Properties
Toughness:

Hardness:

Ductility:

Malleability:

## the ability of the metal to withstand compression loads without fracture.

Tensile Strength: the resistance capacity of the metal to withstand Tension Loads.
=
Reference
336

Shear Strength:

Cross Sectional Area

=

## The table below shows the approximate hardness equivalent according to

Rockwell Hardness.

Cross Sectional Area

Vickers Hardness

## Brinell Hardness Ball 10mm Dia / Load: 3,000kgf

(HRC)

(HV)

Standard Ball
(HB)

68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20

940
900
865
832
800
772
746
720
697
674
653
633
613
595
577
560
544
528
513
498
484
471
458
446
434
423
412
402
392
382
372
363
354
345
336
327
318
310
302
294
286
279
272
266
260
254
248
243
238

500
487
475
464
451
442
432
421
409
400
390
381
371
362
353
344
336
327
319
311
301
294
286
279
271
264
258
253
247
243
237
231
226

Shore Hardness

Tungsten Carbide
Ball (HB)

(HS)

739
722
705
688
670
654
634
615
595
577
560
543
525
512
496
481
469
455
443
432
421
409
400
390
381
371
362
353
344
336
327
319
311
301
294
286
279
271
264
258
253
247
243
237
231
226

97
95
92
91
88
87
85
83
81
80
78
76
75
74
72
71
69
68
67
66
64
63
62
60
58
57
56
55
54
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
44
43
42
41
41
40
38
38
37
36
35
35
34

Reference

SI Unit: the generic term used to describe base, supplementary and derived units of
measurement according to the International System of Units.

Hardness
Conversions

337

General

General

Wire Gauge
Conversion

Sheet / Tonne

## The table below shows conversions for:

Standard Wire Gauge (SWG) - Metric (mm)
Imperial Wire
Gauge

Material
Thickness
(mm)

Imperial Wire
Gauge

Material
Thickness
(mm)

Imperial Wire
Gauge

Material
Thickness
(mm)

Imperial Wire
Gauge

Material
Thickness
(mm)

7.620

11

2.946

21

0.813

31

0.295

7.010

12

2.642

22

0.711

32

0.274

6.401

13

2.337

23

0.610

33

0.254

5.893

14

2.032

24

0.559

34

0.234

5.385

15

1.829

25

0.508

35

0.213

4.877

16

1.626

26

0.457

36

0.193

4.470

17

1.422

27

0.417

37

0.173

4.064

18

1.219

28

0.376

38

0.152

9
10

3.658
3.251

19
20

1.016
0.914

29
30

0.345
0.315

39
40

0.132
0.122

Length
(mm)

2000

StainlessSteel

Aluminium

Width
(mm)

Material Thickness
(mm)

Sheets/Tonne
(approx)

Sheets/Tonne
(approx)

Sheets/Tonne
(approx)

1000

0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.20
1.25
1.50
1.60
2.00
2.50
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.50

91
80
71
64
53
51
43
40
32
26
21
16
13
11
8
7
5

89
78
69
62
52
50
41
39
31
25
20
15
12
10
7
6
5

266
232
208
186
155
149
125
116
93
74
62
46
37
31
23
18
15

58
51
45
41
34
33
27
26
20
17
14
10
8
7
5
4

57
50
44
40
33
32
26
25
20
16
13
10
8
6
5
4

170
149
132
119
99
95
79
74
59
47
41
30
24
20
15
12

Material Strengths

Brass (70 - 30 )

33

53

Brass (60 - 40 )

38

49

Bronze

40 - 50

50 - 75

0.70
0.80
0.90
1.00
1.20
1.25
1.50
1.60
2.00
2.50
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
8.00
10.00

Nickel Silver

35 - 45

55 - 70

12.50

32 - 38

Steel - 0.1%C

32

40

## Steel - 0.2%C - (Typical Mild Steel)

40

50

0.90
1.00
1.20
1.25
1.50
1.60
2.00
2.50
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00

32
29
24
23
19
18
15
12
10
7
6
5

30
27
23
22
18
17
13
11
9
7
5
4

92
83
69
66
52
51
41
33
27
20
16
13

The table below shows the tensile strength (soft - hard) for a range of materials.
Material Type

Soft
4-5

Aluminium

20

40

Duralumin

26

48

Copper

Hard

Tin

Zinc

Reference
338

MildSteel

15

25

22 - 28

30 - 40

Steel - 0.3%C

45

60

Steel - 0.4%C

56

72

Steel - 0.6%C

72

90

Steel - 0.8%C

90

110

Steel - 1.0%C

100

130

55

65 - 70

65
-

Nickel

44 - 50

57 - 63

2500

3000

1250

1500

Reference

## The table below shows the approximate

amount of sheets required per Tonne.

339

General

General

Standard Conversions

Calculation
of Volume

## To convert to metric: multiply by the factor shown.

To convert to imperial: divide by the factor shown.

Imperial
British Thermal Unit

Heat Energy
Factor
1054.8

Metric
Joules

Imperial
Gallons
US Gallons
Quarts
Pints
Gills

Capacity
Factor
4.546
3.785
1.137
0.568
0.142

Metric
Litres
Litres
Litres
Litres
Litres

Metric
Cubic Metres
Cubic Metres
Cubic Centimetres

Imperial
Gallons/Mile

Fuel Consumption
Factor
2.825

Metric
Litres/Kilometre

Miles/Gallon

0.354

Kilometres/Litre

Force
Factor
0.2248
2.2046

Metric
Newton
Kilograms Force

Imperial
Miles/Hour
Feet/Second
Feet/Minute

Velocity
Factor
1.6093
0.3048
0.0051

Metric
Kilometres/Hour
Metres/Second
Metres/Second

Pressure / Stress
Factor
0.06804
0.000703

Metric
Bar
Kilogram/Metre

Imperial
Square Miles
Square Miles
Acres
Acres
Square Yards
Square Feet
Square Feet
Square Inches
Square Inches

Area
Factor
2.59
258.999
4046.86
0.4047
0.8361
0.0929
929.03
645.16
6.4516

Imperial
Cubic Yards
Cubic Feet
Cubic Inches

Volume
Factor
0.7646
0.0283
16.3871

Imperial
Pounds Force
Pounds Force

Imperial
Pounds/Square Inch
Pounds/Square Inch

Metric
Kilometres
Metres
Metres
Millimetres
Centimetres

Metric
Kilograms
Tonnes
Kilograms
Kilograms
Kilograms
Kilograms
Grams

Truncated Cylinder

Volume (v)

v = d h
4
2

h1

Weight
Factor
1016.05
1.016
50.8023
12.7006
6.3503
0.4536
28.3495

Factor
1.6093
0.9144
0.3048
25.4
2.54

Imperial
Tons
Tons
Hundred Weight
Quarters
Stones
Pounds
Ounces

Imperial
Miles
Yards
Feet
Inches
Inches

h2

Length

## The tables below show the calculation required to

find the cubic volume of various solids.

[h1 2+ h2 ]

= d
4

Metric
Square Kilometres
Hectares
Square Metres
Hectares
Square Metres
Square Metres
Square Centimetres
Square Millimetres
Square Centimetres

d
Pyramid

Volume (v)

v = h A = h arn
3
6
A = Area of Base
r = Radius of inscribed circle
a = Length of a side of regular
polygon
n = Number of sides

Circular Cone

Volume (v)

v = r h
3
2

= 1.0472 r2 h

r
Sphere

Volume (v)

v = 4 r = 4.1888 r
3

Reference

= d
6

= 0.5236 d

Reference

340

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341

General

General

Calculation of
Area and Centre of Gravity
The table below show the calculation required to
find the area and centre of gravity of various sections.
Section

## Sectional Area (A)

bh

Calculation of
Area and Centre of Gravity
The table below show the calculation required to
find the area and centre of gravity of various sections.

Distance of
Gravitational Centre (e)

Section

h
2

## Sectional Area (A)

Distance of
Gravitational Centre (e)

2.828 r

0.924 r

r
a

h
2

b =
2b
2

2b
2

0.8284 a

a
1+ 2

= 0.4142 a

b
b

h 2
2

d
2

r (1 - )
2

e1 = 0.2234 r

r =d
4
2

e
h
r

2h
3

bh
2

e1
r

e2

e2 = 0.7766 r
= 0.2146 r

b1
2

h
b

(2b + b1) h
2

ab

b1
2

= 2.598 r

Reference

e
r

3 3 xr
2

3 3 xr
2

3 r = 0.866 r
4

e2
e1

xr
2

e2

r
2

e1

e1 = 0.4244 r
e2 = 0.5756 r

2r

= 2.598 r

342

1 x 3b + 2b1 x h
3
2b + b1

xr
4

e1 = 0.4244 r
e2 = 0.5756 r

Reference

## Tel: 01562 749500 Fax: 01562 749510

343

General

Press Brake

Tapping:
Drill Sizes

Air Bending
Tonnage Calculation

The table below shows the British Standard tap sizes and
the drill size required for a cut thread.
Nominal Size &

## Drill Size (mm)

To calculate the Tonnage required to perform air bending per 1 metre length, the following
information is required:

## Drill Size (mm)

M2

1.60

M5

4.20

M2.5

2.05

M6

5.00

M3

2.50

M8

6.80

M3.5

2.90

M10

8.50

M4

3.30

If t = material thickness
V - Width

5xt

6xt

8xt

10 x t

12 x t

16 x t

1.45

1.40

1.33

1.28

1.24

1.20

## Typical Tensile Strength:

Mild Steel
Stainless Steel
Aluminium

The table below shows the British Standard tap sizes and
the drill size required for a roll thread.
Nominal Size &

## Drill Size (mm)

M2

1.80

M5

4.60

M2.5

2.30

M6

5.60

M3

2.80

M8

7.40

M3.5

3.20

M10

9.30

M4

3.70

=
=
=

40kg/mm2
60kg/mm2
30kg/mm2

Formula:
Bend Force/metre = C x t2 x Material Tensile Strength
V - Width

Example

Note: These sizes are calculated to provide 60 to 75 per cent of full thread.

## 2.0mm Thick Stainless Steel

Die V - Width = 12mm
1.40 x 22 x 60

The table below shows the American Standard tap sizes and
the drill size required.
Size of Screw

40

2.261

32

2.705

= 28 Tonnes/Metre

12

32

3.454

10

24

3.797

10

32

4.038

Reference

Reference
344

345

Press Brake

Press Brake

## How to Read the Pressure Chart

If the material thickness and inner radius are known, the following
information can be obtained from the chart below:

If the material thickness and inner radius are known, the following
information can be obtained from the chart below:

## 1. Tonnage required to bend material of 1 metre length

2. V-width to be used

2. V-width to be used

## 3. Minimum bend flange length

t
mm
0.5
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
2
2.3
2.6
3
3.2
3.5
4
4.5
5
6
7
9
10
12
16
19
22
25
30

4
2.8
0.7
4
6

6
7
8 10 12 14 16
4
5 5.5 7 8.5 10 11
1 1.1 1.3 1.6 2 2.3 2.6
3
4
4
4
7
7
5
4
11 10 8
7
6
14 12 10 8
7
6
15 13 11 10 9
17 15 13 11
22 19 17
25 23
28

t
F
ir
b
V

18 20 25 32 40 50 63
13.5 14 17.5 22 28 35 45
3 3.3 4
5 6.5 8 10

8
10
15
19
25
34

9
13
17
22
30
34

11
15
18
24
27
33
43

12
14
19
22
26
34
44
52

Material thickness
(tensile strength: 45 - 50kg/mm2)
Tonnage per 1 metre
Minimum flange length
V-width

15
17
20
27
34
42
60

14
16
21
27
33
48

## 80 100 125 160 200 250

55 71 89 113 140 175
13 16 20 26 33 41

V
b
ir

F
13
17
21
26 21
38 30
52 41
67
85

24
33 26
54 43
67 53 42
96 78 60 55
136 107 86
150 125 100
160 130
210 170
240

Reference
346

## Air Bending Tonnage Chart:

Stainless Steel

The distance across the die opening is known as the V-width. The appropriate V-width should
be selected in accordance with the thickness of material being bent. The table below shows the
optimum relationship between the material thickness and V-width, although in practice this
relationship is often determined by specific requirements, including flange lengths (b), the
components inner bend radius (ir) and the tonnage capacity of the machine and tooling.

## Relationship of Material Thickness (t) and V-Width

Material Thickness (t) mm

0.5 - 2.5

3.0 - 8.0

9.0 - 10.0

12.0 or more

V-Width

6xt

8xt

10 x t

12 x t

## Tel: 01562 749500 Fax: 01562 749510

t
mm
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.2
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
15
20
25
30

4
2.8
0.7
6
9
12

6
7
8
4
5 5.5
1 1.1 1.3
5
6
6
6
8
8
6
11 11 8
13 12 10
17 15 12
21 18

t
F
ir
b
V

10 12 14 16 18 20 25 32 40 50 63
7 8.5 10 11 13.5 14 17.5 22 28 35 45
1.6 2 2.3 2.6 3 3.3 4
5 6.5 8 10

6
7
8
11
15

7
8
12
20
33

11
17
29

9
15
26
39

13
23
35
51

12
20
30
45

17
25
36
65

Material thickness
(tensile strength: 52 - 60kg/mm2)
Tonnage per 1 metre
Minimum flange length
V-width

19
29 23
51 41
78 63
90

## 80 100 125 160 200 250

55 71 89 113 140 175
13 16 20 26 33 41

V
b
ir

32 26
50 39 32
72 57 45 36
102 81 65 51
128 101 80 63
144 117 90 83
180 141 114
250 208 167
315 255
360

## Material Thickness and V-Width

The distance across the die opening is known as the V-width. The appropriate V-width should
be selected in accordance with the thickness of material being bent. The table below shows the
optimum relationship between the material thickness and V-width, although in practice this
relationship is often determined by specific requirements, including flange lengths (b), the
components inner bend radius (ir) and the tonnage capacity of the machine and tooling.

## Relationship of Material Thickness (t) and V-Width

Material Thickness (t) mm

0.5 - 2.5

3.0 - 8.0

9.0 - 10.0

12.0 or more

V-Width

6xt

8xt

10 x t

12 x t

Reference

## Air Bending Tonnage Chart:

Mild Steel

347

Press Brake

Press Brake

Hemming Tonnages
Hemming is a form of bending requiring higher amounts of tonnage than standard
Air Bending.
The tables below shows the tonnage required for hemming and seaming operations.

Bend
Allowance - 90
Example 1 - Bending 1mm mild steel in a 6mm V die
If (f) = Elongation factor
If (d) = Blank development size

Mild Steel
Bending Shape
Sheet Thickness
(mm)

2t

20.0
Required Tonnage

Required Tonnage

2t

0.6

9.0

3.0

23.0

1.2

0.8

12.0

3.0

32.0

1.6

1.0

15.0

3.5

40.0

2.0

1.2

17.0

3.5

50.0

2.4

1.6

24.0

3.5

63.0

3.2

d = (20 + 40) - 2f
d = 60 - (2 x 0.87)

2.0

30.0

5.5

80.0

4.0

2.6

55.0

6.5

90.0

5.2

3.2

70.0

8.0

100.0

6.4

4.5

105.0

11.3

200.0

9.0

d = 58.26mm

The following tables show the elongation factor (f) of mild steel, stainless steel and Aluminium
during a 90 bend.
V = V - width (mm)
t = material thickness (mm)
f = bend allowances (mm)

Bending Shape
Sheet Thickness
(mm)

2t

Required Tonnage

Reference
348

40.0

Stainless Steel

Note:

1.0

Required Tonnage

2t

0.6

15.0

3.0

35.0

1.2

0.8

20.0

3.0

50.0

1.6

Mild Steel
V
t

10

12

14

16

18

20

1.0

25.0

3.5

60.0

2.0

0.5

0.47

0.55

0.59

0.63

0.70

1.2

26.0

3.5

80.0

2.4

0.6

0.54

0.62

0.65

0.69

0.77

0.85

1.5

38.0

3.5

95.0

3.0

0.7

0.60

0.68

0.72

0.76

0.83

0.91

0.99

2.0

50.0

5.5

130.0

4.0

0.8

0.67

0.74

0.78

0.82

0.90

0.97

1.05

1.13

2.5

90.0

6.5

180.0

5.0

1.0

0.80

0.87

0.91

0.95

1.03

1.10

1.18

1.26

1.33

1.41

3.0

100.0

8.0

210.0

6.0

1.2

1.00

1.04

1.08

1.15

1.23

1.31

1.38

1.46

1.54

4.0

140.0

11.3

280.0

8.0

1.5

1.19

1.23

1.27

1.35

1.42

1.50

1.58

1.65

1.73

1.92

1.47

1.57

1.49

1.76

1.86

1.96

2.05

2.29

2.63

2.0

1.59

1.67

1.74

1.82

1.90

1.97

2.05

2.24

2.51

2.3

1.65

2.5

32

1.42

1.6

## Required tonnage is given per 1 metre length.

25

1.71

1.77

1.84

1.90

1.97

2.03

2.19

2.41

1.99

2.07

2.14

2.22

2.29

2.37

2.56

2.83

2.6

2.13

2.21

2.28

2.30

2.44

2.63

2.90

3.0
3.2

2.39
2.51

2.46
2.59

2.54
2.67

2.62
2.74

2.69
2.82

2.88
3.01

3.15

Reference

Note:

3.28

349

Press Brake

Punch Press

Bend
Allowance - 90

Tonnage
Calculation

V = V - Width (mm)
t = Material Thickness (mm)
f = bend allowances (mm)

## The punching tonnage is calculated by using the following formula:

Length of the cut edge (mm) x Material Thickness (mm) x Tensile Strength (kg/mm2)
1000

Stainless Steel

0.5

4

10

0.52

0.63

0.69

0.75

0.86

12

14

0.6

0.58

0.69

0.75

0.80

0.92

1.03

0.7

0.64

0.75

0.81

0.86

0.98

1.09

1.20

0.8

0.70

0.81

0.87

0.92

1.04

1.15

1.26

1.0

0.82

16

18

20

0.94

0.99

1.05

1.17

1.29

1.40

1.52

1.64

1.75

1.05

1.10

1.16

1.27

1.38

1.50

1.61

1.72

1.83

1.5

1.23

1.34

1.45

1.56

1.67

1.79

1.90

2.01

2.29

1.40

1.51

1.62

1.73

1.85

1.96

2.07

2.35

2.74

1.64

1.74

1.85

1.96

2.07

2.18

2.28

2.55

2.93

1.93

2.04

1.81

2.15

2.37

2.27

2.38

2.49

2.60

2.88

3.28

2.6

2.22

2.33

2.44

2.55

2.66

2.94

3.34

3.0
3.2

2.45
2.57

2.56
2.68

2.68
2.80

2.79
2.91

2.90
3.02

3.18
3.30

3.69

2.49

2.77

V
0.5

Reference
350

10

0.40

0.44

0.47

0.49

0.54

12

0.6

0.46

0.50

0.53

0.55

0.60

0.65

0.52

0.56

0.59

0.61

0.66

0.71

14

16

18

20

14.4 Tonnes

Tonnage Required

Tonnage Required

1000
5.7 Tonnes

## Minimum Hole Diameter

32

t = Material Thickness
Material Type

0.8

0.58

0.62

0.65

0.67

0.72

0.77

0.82

0.87

0.69

0.74

0.77

0.80

0.85

0.90

0.95

1.00

1.06

1.11

1.2

0.86

0.89

0.91

0.96

1.01

1.06

1.11

1.15

1.20

1.5

1.04

1.07

1.09

1.14

1.19

1.24

1.29

1.33

1.38

1.13

25

0.76

1.0

## Minimum Hole Diameter

Mild Steel

1.0 x t

Aluminium

1.0 x t

Stainless Steel

2.0 x t

1.50

1.15

1.20

1.25

1.30

1.35

1.39

1.44

1.56

1.73

2.0

1.40

1.45

1.49

1.54

1.58

1.63

1.67

1.79

1.94

2.3

1.57

1.62

1.67

1.72

1.76

1.81

1.86

1.98

2.15

1.74

1.79

1.83

1.88

1.93

1.98

2.10

2.27

2.6
3.0

1.85
2.09

1.89
2.13

1.94
2.18

1.99
2.23

2.04
2.28

2.16
2.40

2.57

3.2

2.20

2.25

2.30

2.35

2.40

2.52

2.69

2.5

As a general guideline, the following table shows the minimum diameter of a punched hole
with regards to material thickness.

0.7

1.6

Tonnage Required

3.57

Aluminium
t

1000

3.16

2.26

2.16

2.04

1.28

2.5

Tonnage Required

Example 2

1.34

2.0
2.3

32

1.37

1.2
1.6

25

Reference

V
t

Example 1

2.33

351

Punch Press

Punch Press

Burring Hole
Reference

## Correct Tool Heights

The table below shows the correct tool height for Standard and NEX tooling.

The table below shows the pre-pierce and burred hole sizes for Mild Steel.

Setting Height

Tool Style
Pre-Pierced Hole (A)
Material
Thickness

Nominal
Burr Hole
(B)

Thick

Thin

A Stn Standard

207.5

A Stn NEX

208.0

B Stn Standard

207.5

B Stn NEX

208.0

Die Only

Thick

Thin

139.7

207.0

139.2

30

207.0

30

139.7

207.0

139.2

30

207.0

30

0.8mm

1.0mm

1.2mm

1.6mm

2.0mm

2.3mm

M2.6 x 0.45

1.2

1.2

1.4

1.6

M3 x 0.5

1.2

1.5

1.5

1.7

2.57

## B Stn Mod 2000

139.7

139.2

30

M4 x 0.7

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.3

2.7

3.40

C Stn

208.0

96.0

30

2.21

M5 x 0.8

2.0

2.0

2.6

3.0

3.1

4.30

D Stn

209.0

140.0

84.0

70.0

30

M6 x 1.0

2.0

2.0

3.4

3.8

3.8

5.10

D Stn PR Type
E Stn

210.0

140.0
-

85.0

25.5
-

30
30

Note:
i) The Punch setting height is the measurement taken from the top of the Punch Assembly head to the
bottom cutting edge of the punch body, not the bottom of the guide or stripper plate.

t
B

Die Clearances

## Countersink Hole Reference

The table below shows the recommended die clearances for a range of materials and
thicknesses.
Material
Thick

The table below shows the nominal pre-pierce hole sizes required for a countersink operation
for Mild Steel.

Screw Size

Mild
Steel

Stainless
Steel

Aluminium

Copper

Brass

0.8mm

0.15 - 0.20mm

0.20 - 0.24mm

0.15 - 0.16mm

0.15 - 0.16mm

0.15 - 0.16mm

1.0mm

0.20 - 0.25mm

0.25 - 0.30mm

0.15 - 0.20mm

0.15 - 0.20mm

0.15 - 0.20mm

1.5mm

0.30 - 0.38mm

0.37 - 0.45mm

0.22 - 0.30mm

0.22 - 0.30mm

0.22 - 0.30mm

2.0mm

0.40 - 0.50mm

0.50 - 0.60mm

0.30 - 0.40mm

0.30 - 0.40mm

0.30 - 0.40mm

2.5mm

0.50 - 0.63mm

0.62 - 0.75mm

0.37 - 0.50mm

0.37 - 0.50mm

0.37 - 0.50mm

3.0mm

0.60 - 0.75mm

0.75 - 0.90mm

0.45 - 0.60mm

0.45 - 0.60mm

0.45 - 0.60mm

Material
Thickness

M2
x 0.4

M2.5
x 0.45

M2.6
x 0.45

M3
x 0.5

M4
x 0.7

M5
x 0.8

M6
x 1.0

3.2mm

0.64 - 0.80mm

0.80 - 0.96mm

0.48 - 0.64mm

0.48 - 0.64mm

0.48 - 0.64mm

1.0

3.5

4.5

4.8

5.7

3.5mm

0.70 - 0.88mm

0.88 - 1.05mm

0.53 - 0.70mm

0.53 - 0.70mm

0.53 - 0.70mm

1.2

3.5

4.5

4.5

5.3

7.3

4.0mm

0.80 - 1.00mm

1.00 - 1.20mm

0.60 - 0.80mm

0.60 - 0.80mm

0.60 - 0.80mm

1.5

3.2

4.2

4.5

5.3

7.3

9.0

4.5mm

0.90 - 1.13mm

1.13 - 1.35mm

0.68 - 0.90mm

0.68 - 0.90mm

0.68 - 0.90mm

1.6

3.0

4.0

4.3

5.0

7.0

8.8

10.8

5.0mm

1.00 - 1.25mm

0.75 - 1.00mm

0.75 - 1.00mm

0.75 - 1.00mm

2.0

3.0

3.8

4.0

4.8

7.0

8.6

10.6

5.5mm

1.10 - 1.38mm

0.83 - 1.10mm

0.83 - 1.10mm

0.83 - 1.10mm

6.0mm

1.20 - 1.50mm

0.90 - 1.20mm

0.90 - 1.20mm

0.90 - 1.20mm

Reference

2.3

3.0

3.8

4.0

4.8

6.8

8.5

10.5

2.5

4.5

6.5

8.4

10.4

3.0

4.4

6.0

8.0

10.0

3.2

4.0

5.8

7.8

9.8

Notes:
i) The figures in the above chart are given as a range, for example 0.15 - 0.20mm.
For mechanical machines choose the smaller die clearance of the range.
For hydraulic machines choose the larger die clearance of the range.
ii)

## For Galvatite and Zintec materials, use Mild Steel as a guide.

Reference

Tap Size

iii) The figures above are a guideline only. Please refer to your Machine Operators Manual for more
specific details.

352

## Tel: 01562 749500 Fax: 01562 749510

353

General

General

Further Information

Notes

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Name: Position:
Company Name:

Reference

Reference

E-mail:
Telephone No:
Fax No:
Please Copy & Fax back to: 01562 749510

354

355

General

General

Notes

Notes

Reference

Reference
356

357

General

General

Notes

Notes

Reference

Reference
358