MMVIII Calendar

THAT CHANGED THE WORLD Melvyn Bragg
How words and wisdom have shaped our lives

12 BOOKS

hen we think of great events in the history of the world, we tend to think of war, revolution, political upheaval or natural catastrophe. But throughout history there have been moments of vital importance that have taken place not on the battlefield, or in the palaces of power, or even in the violence of nature, but between the pages of a book. In our digitised age of instant information it is easy to underestimate the power of the printed word. In his fascinating book, Melvyn Bragg presents a vivid reminder of the book as agent of social, political and personal revolution. Twelve Books that Changed the World presents a

W

12 Books that Changed the World
by Melvyn Bragg
rich variety of human endeavour and a great diversity of characters. There are also surprises. Here are famous books by Darwin, Newton and Shakespeare but we also discover the stories behind some less wellknown works, such as Marie Stopes’ Married Love, the original radical feminist Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman — and even the rules to an obscure ball game that became the most popular sport in the world. Definitive, always illuminating and sometimes controversial, the hidden story of these twelve books demonstrates the enduring impact of one of the world’s great inventions — the book.

Principia Mathematica
Isaac Newton (1687)

January

Marie Stopes (1918)

Married Love

February

Magna Carta
(1215)

March

Book of Rules of Association Football (1863)

April

Principia Mathematica
Isaac Newton (16 87)
1 2 3 4 5 6

I
4 11

III
Marie Stopes (1 8) 91
1 2 3
31

Married Love

Magna Carta
( 21 1 5)
1 2

Book of Rules of 3) Association Football (186
1 2 3 4 5 6

IV

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

5

6

7

8

9

10

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

12

13

14

15

16

17

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

II

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

25

26

27

28

29

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

28

29

30

This work contains Newton’s laws of motion forming the foundation of classical mechanics, as well as his law of universal gravitation.

The first book to explore women’s sexual desires, it argued for equal partnerships in marriage and other such feminist notions of the time.

The Magna Carta was undoubtedly the most significant early influence on the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law today.

Following a first meeting in a London pub on 26 October 1863, there are now universally accepted rules for Football and the game is played world-wide.

On the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin (1859)

May

William Wilberforce (1789)

On the Abolition of the Slave Trade

June

Mary Wollstonecraft (1792)

A Vindication of the Rights of Women

July

Experimental Researches in Electricity
Michael Faraday (1839)

August

VII
On the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin ( 5 18 9)
1 2 3 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 11 30

William Wilber orce ( 78 f 1 9)
1

On the Abolition of the Slave Trade
3 4 5 6 7

VI
8

Mary Wollstonecraft (1 792)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

A vindication of the Rights of Women

Michael Faraday (1 3 8 5) 8 9-1 5
1 2 3 9 10

Experimental Researches in Electricity

VIII
17 24

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

V

2

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

11

12

13

14

15

16

26

27

28

29

30

31

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

18

19

20

21

22

23

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

28

29

30

31

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

14

This work introduced the controversial theory (even today) that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection.

Wilberforce was the leading English abolitionist, heading a parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade and finally saw this to fruition.

One of the earliest works of feminist philosophy, this books responds to the theorists of the eighteenth century who wanted to deny women an education.

A chemist and physicist (or, natural philosopher, as known at the time) who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.

Patent for Arkwright’s Spinning Machine
Richard Arkwright (1769)

September

The King James Bible
William Tyndale (1611)

October

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith (1776)

November

William Shakespeare (1623)

The First Folio

December

Patent f Arkwright’s or Spinning Machine
Richard Arkwright ( 76 1 9)
2 3 4 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 1 7

IX

The King James Bible
William T yndale (16 1) 1
1 6 7 8 2 9 3 10 4 11 5 12

X

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith (1 776)
1 2

XI

The First Folio
1 2 3 4 5 6

William Shakespear (16 3) 2
7 8 9 10 11 12 13

XII

8

14

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

27

28

29

30

31

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

29

30

31

From barber and wig-maker, to engineer and entrepreneur, Arkwright spear-headed the Industrial Revolution and left his mark on today’s factories.

It was King James’ authorisation that was legally necessary for the Church of England to translate, publish and distribute the Bible in England.

Is an account of political economy at the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, and is widely considered to be the first modern work in the field of economics.

Coming seven years after his death, the first publication of Shakespeare’s plays was entitled Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies.

Principia Mathematica
Isaac Newton (16 87)
1 2 3 4 5 6

I

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Marie Stopes (1 8) 91
1 2 3

Married Love

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

II

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

Magna Carta
31

(1 5) 21
6

1

2

III

3

4

5

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

Book of Rules of Association Football (186 3)
1 2 3 4 5 6

IV

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

On the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin ( 5 18 9)
1 2 3 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

V

26

27

28

29

30

31

William Wilber orce ( 78 f 1 9)
30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

On the Abolition of the Slave Trade

VI
15

9

10

11

12

13

14

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

VII
A vindication of the Rights of Women
1 2 3 4 5

Mary Wollstonecra (1 92) ft 7
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Michael Faraday (1 3 8 5) 8 9-1 5
1 2 3 9 10

Experimental Researches in Electricity

VIII
17 24

4

5

6

7

8

11

12

13

14

15

16

18

19

20

21

22

23

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

14

Patent f Arkwright’s or Spinning Machine
Richard Arkwright ( 76 1 9)
2 3 4 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 1 7

IX

8

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

The King James Bible
William T yndale (16 1) 1
1 6 7 8 2 9 3 10 4 11 5 12

X

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith (1 776)
1 2

XI

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

The First Folio
1 2 3 4 5 6

William Shakespeare (16 3) 2
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

XII

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful