Name: ____________________ Building Blocks Q3 Geometry Benchmark Introduction: In surveying, techniques based on geometry are often used to calculate

distances, heights, or other dimensions. These techniques are used in various construction, engineering, and mapmaking applications. Sometimes it may be difficult to collect data using traditional measuring techniques, especially when the objects you are measuring are out of your reach—because of tremendous size or because of obstacles blocking your path of measurement. Using geometry, however, it is often possible to overcome these data collection roadblocks. Project Overview: Using your knowledge of triangles, congruence, similarity, proportions and indirect measurement, you will be responsible for determining the height of a building located around the SLA neighborhood. You will use methods reviewed in class to find and record measurements (both in the field with measuring tools and via mathematical calculations and processes) on an assigned building. You will also use estimation techniques to verify your calculations. Your final submission will include a formal write-up with corresponding diagrams in which you describe the importance of triangle similarity and indirect measurement, the processes used to collect your data, and reflection on the usefulness of the techniques used along with possible sources of error involved. With your measurements and an appropriate scale, you will also produce a three-dimensional artistic rendering of your building’s façade. Your construction, when put together with your partners’ finished products, will create an illustrative model of the city intersection assigned to your group. Detailed Tasks: • Task 1: Surveying o Each student will physically measure necessary components of building to perform estimations of height and create final scaled model. o Each student will perform 2 manual estimations of the height of his/her assigned building using triangle similarity methods. ! Mirror Method ! Stick Method ! Your 2 estimations should result in roughly the same height. o Show detailed figures and calculations. o In paragraph form, describe each of the techniques you used (1 paragraph for each). o In two-column proof form, outline each method’s process, with appropriate statement and reason columns. o Each student will perform 2 verifications of his/her height using “alternative” estimation methods. ! Count repeated units; stacking rectangles of known length. ! Take a picture of an object of known height (this could be a photo of yourself) against the building for estimation of the total building height using your object.

This probably would not work with very tall buildings, since you wouldn’t be able to capture the object and the top of the building in the same frame. ! …or another method of your choosing based on original or researched ideas. • Task 2: Create scale drawings and final report o Formal write-up providing all processes, calculations, proofs, diagrams and analyses from Task 1. o Drawings ! Rough draft of 8.5” X 11” sketch of building, with initial measurements labeled (width of façade and any other important features you wish to measure that may make the 3D scale easier to create later). - This will be submitted as a benchmark checkpoint/homework assignment. ! Final draft of 8.5” X 11” blueprint of building, with all known dimensions. - This will be submitted as a benchmark checkpoint/homework assignment - You may create your own scale for this drawing, as long as you are consistent (everything in the drawing/on the building scaled the same way). ! Final 3-Dimensional construction of your group’s intersection including street names and all buildings. This construction should be able to stand on its own and should have important details and colors included. - May use whatever materials you wish: ! Suggested: Cardboard, Legos, etc. Be creative! - You MUST use the following scale with this creation: 1inch = 5feet. ALL calculations for how scaling was done MUST be included in your final report.

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