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Bernoulli’s Equation

! Static Pressure in Airflow is Potential Energy 4.Topics covered in this session 1.! Bernoulli’s Equation Applied to a Wing in Flight .! Overview 2.! Dynamic Pressure in Airflow is Total Energy 5.! Bernoulli’s Equation Applied to a Venturi Tube 7.! Bernoulli’s Equation 6.! Conservation of energy 3.

pdf version of notes and post it in Dropbox as homework.WNTBPC !! Read ANA text pages 4 through 9. save it as a . !! This should be no more than a page of YOUR OWN . Bernoulli’s principle and subsonic airflow. and Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (PHAK) !! Watch this lecture !! Create your own notes in word.

!! Once understanding Continuity. .1. Overview !! Continuity equation explains why airflow on top of a wing is faster than the airflow underneath the wing. equation explains: !! Pressure on top of a wing is lower than the pressure underneath the wing. Bernoulli’s !! Bernoulli’s equation is based on the conservation of energy principle.

Conservation of Energy !! Bernoulli based on CONSERVATION OF ENERGY principle. !! Energy level of a system remains constant !! Energy neither created nor destroyed Total energy TE = potential energy PE + kinetic energy KE = constant TE = PE + KE = constant .2.


Kinetic and Potential Energy .

In airflow.3. Static Pressure in Airflow is Potential Energy !! Bernoulli transformed the general conservation of energy equation into airflow terms. potential energy is static pressure. . PE = static pressure = Ps = p.

ρ = air density in slugs per cu. Dynamic Pressure in Airflow is Kinetic Energy KE = dynamic pressure= PD = q. ft v = true airspeed (TAS) velocity in fps .4.

Pitot “head pressure.5. Total Pressure in Airflow is TOTAL ENERGY !! TE = Total pressure.” . or H (head pressure) !! Pitot tube – pitot head measuring total pressure TE = total pressure = PT = H “Head” pressure.

Bernoulli’s Equation !! Bernoulli’s Equation for conservation of energy in subsonic airflow .6.

Note: !! With no density changes. subsonic. ρ and σ are constant. constant altitude. i. This is the same as saying kinetic energy increases then potential energy decreases and vice versa.. Bernoulli says that if the velocity increases. . So in qualitative terms. the pressure decreases and vice versa.e.


Bernoulli’s Equation Applied to a venturi tube .7.

!! In the venturi tube below. the divergent area A3 is greater than the initial area A1. . unlike the tubes previosuly drawn.

Bernoulli’s Equation applied to a wing in flight .8.