Solids Training Tutorial

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Solids Training Tutorial Contents
Getting Started .......................................................................................................... 1 Tutorials
Tutorial #1 - Extrude, Chamfer, Fillet ...................................................................................... 11

Tutorial #2 - Revolve, Extrude Cut........................................................................................... 47

Tutorial #3 - Sweep cut, Add Boss ........................................................................................... 91

Tutorial #4- Primitives, Boolean Remove .............................................................................. 143

Tutorial #5 - Ellipse, Lofting ................................................................................................... 189

Tutorial #6 - Offset, Bounding Box, Create Letters, NoHist.DLL Chook ................................. 225

Tutorial #7 - Spline, Surface Creation, Surface to solids, Solid Pattern ................................. 295

Tutorial #8- Dynamic Xform, Boolean Remove ..................................................................... 351

General Notes.......................................................................................................... 375 Quiz Answers ........................................................................................................... 403

Solids Training Tutorial

TUTORIAL #1 Solids Training Tutorial Page|11 .

The solid will be filleted and chamfered using the fillet and chamfer 1-distance commands. and chamfer will be used. Additional tutorial information: The student will learn how to resize an arc using the circle center point command. create circle center point. From the drawing we can gain an idea as to how to go about creating the geometry and solid model in Mastercam. after re-generating the solid the solid hole size will change to reflect the new circle size. The Extrude command will be used to create the main solid body of the part. Create the Wireframe used to create the solid model from: The student will only create only "flat" geometry from the Top View. Because the chained geometry (Circle) is associative to the solid model.OVERVIEW OF STEPS TAKEN TO CREATE THE FINAL PART: From drawing to CAD model: The student should examine the drawing on the following page to understand what part is being created in the tutorial. Page |12 Solids Training Tutorial . fillet. Create the solid model: The student will create another level to separate the wireframe from the solid model to organize the file better. This tutorial takes approximately twenty minutes to complete. Geometry creation commands such as create rectangle. Geometry with a Z-Depth of 0 will be created and used to "extrude" the solid later on. The Extrude command will be used to "cut" the holes through the part and the pocket to a certain depth.

OVERVIEW OF STEPS TAKEN TO CREATE THE FINAL PART: TUTORIAL #11 Solids Training Tutorial Page|13 .

 Left Click on the System Color button in the status bar as shown. NOTE: You may skip this step if your color is already set to Green 10. STEP 2: SET THE CONSTRUCTION PLANE AND CHANGE CURRENT COLOR  Select the Top (WCS) icon from the toolbars. Page |14 Solids Training Tutorial .  Select the color Green #10 by either entering in the number in the current color area or selecting it from the pallet as shown.  Select the OK button to exit the dialog box.TUTORIAL #11 SETTING UP THE GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE GEOMETRY CREATION STEP 1: SETTING UP THE GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE Please refer to the Getting Started section to set up the graphics user interface accordingly.

 Press Enter after typing the values to see a preview of the rectangle.1 Create the 102mm X 76mm Rectangle Create  Rectangle.1.CREATE RECTANGLES KNOWING THE SIZE AND ANCHOR POINT TUTORIAL #11 STEP 3: CREATE RECTANGLES KNOWING THE SIZE AND ANCHOR POINT In this step you will learn how to create two rectangles knowing the width. Step Preview: 3. the height and the anchor position.1.1.  [Select position of base point] Select the Origin as shown in Figure: 3. Solids Training Tutorial Page|15 .  Enter the Width and the Height and make sure that Anchor to Center is enabled as shown.1  Make sure that when selecting the Origin. the visual cue of the cursor changes as shown. Figure: 3.  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.

select it first and then press Delete from the keyboard. if you make a mistake you can undo the last step using the Undo icon.2.1  Select the OK button to exit the command. You can undo as many steps as needed.2.1. Figure: 3.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 3. Figure: 3.2. If you delete or undo a step by mistake.  Use the Fit icon to fit the drawing to the screen. NOTE: During the geometry creation of this tutorial.2 Create the 64mm X 38mm Rectangle  Enter the Width and the Height and make sure that Anchor to Center is enabled as shown. Redo icon.TUTORIAL #11 CREATE RECTANGLES KNOWING THE SIZE AND ANCHOR POINT 3.2.2. just use the To delete unwanted geometry.  [Select position of base point] Select the Origin as shown in Figure: 3.2 Page |16 Solids Training Tutorial .

 Circle Center Point.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 4.  [Enter the center point] Select the Fast Point command as shown.  Press the Enter key on your keyboard.1 Solids Training Tutorial Page|17 . Step Preview: Create  Arc.1. and the center point location of the circle. 28 as shown.  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.0. knowing the radius or diameter. Figure: 4.CREATE THE FOUR CIRCLES TUTORIAL #11 STEP 4: CREATE THE FOUR CIRCLES In this step.  Enter in the Radius and select the icon in front of it to lock in the value as shown.0.  [Enter the center point] Enter in the coordinates 0. you will learn how to create circles.

 [Enter the center point] Enter in the coordinates 41.3.TUTORIAL #11 CREATE THE FOUR CIRCLES  [Enter the center point] Select the Fast Point command as shown.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 4.2  [Enter the center point] Select the Fast Point command as shown.0. Figure: 4.  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.  Press the Enter key on your keyboard. 0 as shown.  Press the Enter key on your keyboard.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 4.0.  Select the Apply button to stay within the command. -28 as shown. Figure: 4.0.0.2.3 Page |18 Solids Training Tutorial .  [Enter the center point] Enter in the coordinates 0.

 Press the Enter key on your keyboard.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 4. 0 as shown.0.0.CREATE THE FOUR CIRCLES TUTORIAL #11  [Enter the center point] Select the Fast Point command as shown.  Select the OK button to exit the command.4. Figure: 4.4 Solids Training Tutorial Page|19 .  [Enter the center point] Enter in the coordinates -41.

0. Figure: 5. Step Preview: Create  Chamfer.TUTORIAL #11 CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE STEP 5: CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE In this step we will use the Chamfer Entities command to apply chamfers to the corners of the outside profile.  [Select line or arc] Select Entity A as shown in Figure: 5.  [Select line or arc] Select Entity B as shown in Figure: 5. Page |20 Solids Training Tutorial .1.1  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.  Change Distance 1 and enable Trim in the ribbon bar as shown.1.0.0.  Entities.

2.2  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.0. Figure: 5.0. Solids Training Tutorial Page|21 .2.  [Select line or arc] Select Entity C as shown in Figure: 5.  [Select line or arc] Select Entity C as shown in Figure: 5.0.3.0.3.CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE TUTORIAL #11  [Select line or arc] Select Entity B as shown in Figure: 5. Figure: 5.3  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.0.0.  [Select line or arc] Select Entity D as shown in Figure: 5.

Figure: 5.4  Select the OK button to exit the command.TUTORIAL #11 CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE  [Select line or arc] Select Entity D as shown in Figure: 5.4.5.0.0.0. Figure: 5.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 5.0.0.4.  [Select line or arc] Select Entity A as shown in Figure: 5.5 Page |22 Solids Training Tutorial .

0.0.1.  Enter in the Radius and ensure Trim is enabled as shown.1  Select the Apply button to stay within the command. Figure: 6.0. Step Preview: Create  Fillet.  [Fillet: Select another entity] Select Entity B as shown in Figure: 6.  Entities.FILLET THE POCKET TUTORIAL #11 STEP 6: FILLET THE POCKET In this step we will use the Fillet Entities command to apply fillets to the corners of the inside pocket to finish the part.  [Fillet: Select an entity] Select Entity A as shown in Figure: 6.1. Solids Training Tutorial Page|23 .

Figure: 6.3  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.2.0. Page |24 Solids Training Tutorial .0.  [Fillet: Select another entity] Select Entity D as shown in Figure: 6.0.0.3.  [Fillet: Select another entity] Select Entity C as shown in Figure: 6.  [Fillet: Select an entity] Select Entity C as shown in Figure: 6.3. Figure: 6.2  Select the Apply button to stay within the command.2.0.0.TUTORIAL #11 FILLET THE POCKET  [Fillet: Select an entity] Select Entity B as shown in Figure: 6.

SAVE THE FILE TUTORIAL #11  [Fillet: Select an entity] Select Entity D as shown in Figure: 6.5 STEP 7: SAVE THE FILE File  Save As.4.0.0.4.  [Fillet: Select another entity] Select Entity A as shown in Figure: 6.  Enter in the File name: "Wireframe 1".5. Solids Training Tutorial Page|25 .0. Figure: 6.4  Select the OK button to exit the command. Figure: 6.0.0.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 6.

to put the solid on level 2 when we create it.  Left click in the number area to the right of the Level button as shown. which define the closed boundary of the solid. STEP 8: CHANGE THE COLOR TO RED #12 AND THE VIEW TO ISOMETRIC  Select Color from the Status Bar as shown. Note the construction plane does not affect the way in which the solid is generated.TUTORIAL #11 SOLID CREATION SOLID CREATION A Solid is a geometric entity that occupies a region of space and consists of one or more faces.  Select the Isometric view from the toolbars.  Select the OK button to exit the Colors dialog box. STEP 9: CHANGE THE MAIN LEVEL TO 2 In this step we will change the main level to 2.  Select the color Red #12 as shown. Page |26 Solids Training Tutorial .

Solids Training Tutorial Page|27 . Leave the default settings in the Chaining Dialog box and select Entity A to create the chain as shown.  Select the OK button to exit the Chaining Dialog box.  Press the Enter key on your keyboard. STEP 10: CREATE THE SOLID BODY BY EXTRUDING A CLOSED CHAIN Solid Extrude: Performs an operation that results in the creation of one or more new solids.CREATE THE SOLID BODY BY EXTRUDING A CLOSED CHAIN TUTORIAL #11  Change the level number to 2 as shown. Mastercam extrudes entities by driving the shapes of the entity along a linear path using a specified direction. distance and other parameters that further define the results. Step Preview: Solids  Extrude.

Both Directions allows you to extrude in both directions from the chain. cut a solid body or add a boss to another solid. specifying a vector.TUTORIAL #11 CREATE THE SOLID BODY BY EXTRUDING A CLOSED CHAIN  The Extrude Chain dialog box will appear and an arrow will appear on the geometry. extending to a point. by specifying a distance. Extrusion Operation is used to either create a solid body.  Select the OK button to Extrude the chain. This arrow will indicate the direction of the extrusion operation. If the arrow appears to be pointing upwards.  Change any parameters as shown to indicate the Extrusion Operation and Extrusion Distance as shown. click on the point as indicated in the graphic to change the direction. or trimming to selected faces. extending through all. Draft allows you to tilt the walls of the extruded solid by the defined angle. Page |28 Solids Training Tutorial . Reverse Direction extrudes the solid in the opposite direction from the arrow on the chain indicating the extrusion direction. Extrusion Distance/Direction allows you to control the length of extrusion.

CREATE THE SOLID BODY BY EXTRUDING A CLOSED CHAIN TUTORIAL #11  The drawing should appear as shown in Figure: 10. you can press ALT + S on the keyboard.0. Figure: 10. or select the Wireframe or Shaded icons from the toolbars.1 NOTE: To view the part shaded or un shaded at any time. Solids Training Tutorial Page|29 .0.1.

 Leave the default settings in the Chaining Dialog box and chain the 4 circles as shown to create the chain. NOTE: The chaining direction doesn’t matter because the direction of extrusion can be changed afterwards.TUTORIAL #11 CUT THE 4 HOLES THROUGH THE SOLID STEP 11: CUT THE 4 HOLES THROUGH THE SOLID In this step we will cut the holes through the entire body of the solid.  Select the OK button to exit the Chaining dialog box. Step Preview: Solids  Extrude. Page |30 Solids Training Tutorial .

0. the direction of extrusion on all holes as indicated on the graphics user interface does not matter.CUT THE 4 HOLES THROUGH THE SOLID TUTORIAL #11  The Extrude Chain dialog box will appear. change the Extrusion Operation to Cut Body and enable Extend through all as shown.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 11. NOTE: Because we selected Extend Through All. Figure: 11.  Select the OK button to exit the Extrude Chain dialog box.1 Solids Training Tutorial Page|31 .0.1. because the extrusion will cut through everything.

we will create another extrusion operation to cut the pocket from the solid body to a specific depth. Page |32 Solids Training Tutorial .  Select the OK button to exit the Chaining dialog box.  Leave the default settings in the Chaining dialog box and select Entity A to create the chain as shown.TUTORIAL #11 EXTRUDE CUT THE POCKET STEP 12: EXTRUDE CUT THE POCKET In this step. Step Preview: Solids  Extrude.

0.  Select the OK button to exit the Extrude Chain dialog box. Ensure the direction is pointing down to identify the extrusion direction. Figure: 12.1.EXTRUDE CUT THE POCKET TUTORIAL #11  The Extrude Chain dialog box will appear.1 Solids Training Tutorial Page|33 .0. change the Extrusion Operation to Cut Body and enable Extend by specified distance with the specified amount as shown.  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 12.

 In the solid selection toolbar enable only the Edge button. Solids  Chamfer. Page |34 Solids Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #11 CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE OF THE SOLID STEP 13: CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE OF THE SOLID In this step we will apply a 2mm X 45°chamfer to the outside profile of the part. Step Preview:  Left click on Level in the status bar. and make Level 1 invisible by clicking on the X in front of level 1 as shown.  Select the OK button to exit the Level Manager. make Level 2 the main level.  One-Distance Chamfer.

and select them one by one. Distance sets the distance of the chamfer from the selected edge on the adjacent faces. the cursor cue should change to edge. With this option disabled. a smooth face at the vertex where the chamfers meet will be created. change the Distance as shown. Mitered Corners Mastercam will extend each chamfer to the extent of the edge.  Click on the End Selection button once complete. Use this feature where three or more chamfered edges meet at a vertex.CHAMFER THE OUTSIDE PROFILE OF THE SOLID TUTORIAL #11  [Select entities to chamfer] Select all of the outside edges as shown. The edges should turn blue to signify they are selected.  Select the OK button to exit the command. Propagate Along Tangencies extends the chamfer along all tangent edges until a non-tangent edge is reached. Solids Training Tutorial Page|35 .  The Chamfer Parameters dialog box will appear.

0.1. Figure: 13.  Fillet.TUTORIAL #11 FILLET THE TOP OF THE INSIDE POCKET  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 13.1 STEP 14: FILLET THE TOP OF THE INSIDE POCKET In this step we will apply a R 2mm fillet on the top of the inside pocket of the part. Page |36 Solids Training Tutorial .0. Step Preview: Solids  Fillet.

Radius sets the radius of the fillet.  The Fillet Parameters dialog box will appear.  Select the OK button to exit the command and create the fillet. Mitered Corners Mastercam extends each fillet to the extent of the edge. The edges should turn blue to signify they are selected. Constant Radius fillets the solid edges using a constant radius value. the cursor cue should change to edge. Variable Radius fillets the solid edges using variable radius values.  Click on the End Selection button once complete. Overflow determines the overflow method to use in cases where a fillet extends beyond the two faces that are adjacent to the filleted edge onto a third edge face or set of faces. and select them one by one. change the Radius as shown.FILLET THE TOP OF THE INSIDE POCKET TUTORIAL #11  [Select entities to fillet] Select all of the inside edges as shown. Solids Training Tutorial Page|37 . Propagate Along Tangencies extends the chamfer along all tangent edges until a non-tangent edge is reached.

0. Step Preview:  Left click on Level in the status bar and make Level 1 visible as shown.0.1. Page |38 Solids Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #11 MODIFY A HOLE DIAMETER TO 12MM  The finished part should appear as shown in Figure: 14.  Select the OK button to exit the Level Manager. Analyze  Entity Properties. Figure: 14.1 STEP 15: MODIFY A HOLE DIAMETER TO 12MM In this step we will resize a 10mm diameter hole to a 12mm diameter hole.

change the diameter field as shown. Solids Training Tutorial Page|39 .  The Arc Properties dialog box will appear. NOTE: The radius will update after you enter in the diameter.MODIFY A HOLE DIAMETER TO 12MM TUTORIAL #11  [Select entities to analyze] Select one of the 10mm circles on the part as shown.  Select the OK button to exit the command.  Press Enter on the keyboard to see a preview of the arc on the graphics user interface.

0.  Select the Regen All button in the Solids Manager as shown.0. NOTE: The red X sign in front of the solid.TUTORIAL #11 UPDATE THE SOLID GEOMETRY USING THE SOLIDS MANAGER  The part should appear as shown in Figure: 15. Step Preview:  Select the Solids tab in the Operations Manager as shown.1. you must modify the solid in the Solids Manager. Take note that after you create a solid. Figure: 15.1 STEP 16: UPDATE THE SOLID GEOMETRY USING THE SOLIDS MANAGER The Solids Manager is used to view. or solid operation you cannot use the Undo button to reverse a change you make to a solid. Page |40 Solids Training Tutorial . manage and edit solids and solid operations. This signifies that the geometry used to generate the solid is changed and you have to regenerate the solid.

SAVE THE FILE TUTORIAL #11  Select the minus/plus icon in front of the solid to contract or expand the tree structure.  The final part should appear as shown in Figure: 16. Figure: 16.  Enter in the file name "Solid_1". Solids Training Tutorial Page|41 . respectively.0. which is a list of the operations that were performed to construct the solid. You can expand the tree structure of a solid to view the history of the solid.0. NOTE: The Solids Manager dialog box lists each solid in the current file.1 STEP 17: SAVE THE FILE File  Save As.1.

TUTORIAL #11 SAVE THE FILE REVIEW EXERCISE .STUDENT PRACTICE Page |42 Solids Training Tutorial .

 Create Line Endpoints.  Create Rectangle.  Create Circle Center Point. Solids Training Tutorial Page|43 .CREATE THE GEOMETRY FOR THE TUTORIAL #1 EXERCISE TUTORIAL #11 STEP 18: CREATE THE GEOMETRY FOR THE TUTORIAL #1 EXERCISE Use these commands to create the geometry.  Fillet Entities.

 Use the appropriate depth.  Use the extrude command.  Cut the body in the -Z direction.  Use the extrude command. Page |44 Solids Training Tutorial . Extrude cut the rectangular pocket.  Create the body in the -Z direction.  Cut the body in the -Z direction.  Use the appropriate depth.  Change the main color to differentiate between geometry and the solid.TUTORIAL #11 CREATE THE SOLID FOR THE TUTORIAL #1 EXERCISE CREATE THE SOLID FOR THE TUTORIAL #1 EXERCISE Create the solid for the Tutorial #1 Exercise as per the instructions below.  Chain the outside profile to extrude. Extrude the outside profile to create the main body.  Use the extrude command. Extrude cut the 62mm diameter circle. Extrude cut the 38mm diameter circle.  Cut the body in the -Z direction.  Use the appropriate depth.

NOTES: TUTORIAL #11 NOTES: Solids Training Tutorial Page|45 .

TUTORIAL #11 TUTORIAL #1 QUIZ TUTORIAL #1 QUIZ  How does a solid extrude operation work?  What is a solids extrude cut body used for?  What is a solid chamfer?  What is a solid fillet? Page |46 Solids Training Tutorial .

..................................................... 60 Dynamic Xform ................................................................ 279 NURBS Splines .....INDEX Symbols Extrusion Distance/Direction ... 2 Grid ................. 38 MRU Toolbar ......................................................................................................................................................... 6 Line Style ........................ 40 Reorganizing Toolbars .... 268 Bounding Box .............................. 28 F Fast Point ............................................................................ 116 Analyze Entity Properties ......................... 145 Propagate Along Tangencies ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6 Color Mask .............................................. 38 Arc Endpoints .... 129 Divide .............. 26 Change The Feature Color ............................................................................ 352 Bosses With Draft Angles ........ 357 E Edge Curves ................................................................................... 6 Primitive ....... 212 Change The Color .............................. 6 B Block ................................... 245 Regen All ................................. 4 Solids Training Tutorial Page|407 ..... 37 Convert Surfaces To Solid ............................................................................................. 73 Circle Center Point ............................................................................................... 173......................................... 14 Change Feature Color ............. 192 O One-Distance Chamfer ............... 334 D Delete Entities ...................................... 96 Rectangular Shapes ...................... 66 Fillet All Edges ........... 30............................................. 8 Groups ........................................................................... 308 Fillet .............. 2 Overflow .......................................................... 2 N Net Surface ................................................... 55..................................................................... 26..................................................................................................................................................... 20 Change Current Color ............... 37 Q Quick Mask Toolbar ......................................... 37 Modify A Hole ................ 35.. 6 Line Width ...........Graphical User Interface .... 104......... 292 Arc Tangent ..................................................... 151 Create Letters .............. 147 Change The Main Level ......................... 37 P Parallel Lines ........................................................dll Chook .................................... 17 Circular Pattern ........................................ 6 Loft .................................................................................................................. 52 Planes .................... 228 Attributes ............................................................................ 5 L Level ...................................................................... 315 Nohist................................................................................................ 252 Break Two Pieces ............................................................... 6 GUI .................................... 2 R Rectangle ................................................. 59 Design Change .... 5 A Adding Bosses ........... 145 Boolean Add .............................. 274 Constant Radius .......................................................................................... 309 Mitered Corners ................ 166 Boolean Remove ........ 28 Numerics 2D / 3D Construction .......................................................................... 323 Create A New Level ..................................................... 303 Fillet Entities .............. 35................................ 210 Fillet Chains .................................................................. 34 Origin .................. 76 Extrude Cut ................................. 23................................................................. 312 C Chamfer Entities ............................... 249 Create Points .................................. 326 Clear Colors .................... 202 M Manual Spline ...................................... 196 Arc Polar ......................................................... 5 Point Style ....................... 51 Rectangular Array ............................................................................................ 307 Create Rectangle ......................................... 2 G Graphic Area ................................................ 199 Loft Cut ....... 235 Front Plane .................... 331 Ellipse ... 241 Color ................................... 80 Extrusion Operation ....................................................... 229 Arc Tangent To A Point .. 191 Extrude ....... 106 Function Prompt ........ 15 Curve On All Edges ..................................................... 2 Gview .

............................ 7 Toolbars ......................... 6 X Xform Dynamic ....... 2 Ruled Surface ...................................... 29 Work Coordinate System (WCS) .....................................................................INDEX Reverse .................................................................. 6 Zoom Window .......... 25 Scale ....................................................... 305 Xform Translate ............................. 257 Xform Mirror ........ 27 Solid Fillet ....... 238 Xform Rotate ..................................... 119 Solid Revolve ............................................... 62...... 37 View Port XYZ Axes .................. 132 Solids Manager . 2 Translucency ................................. 232 Trim To Point ...................................... 40 Solids Trim ......................................................................................................... 232 V Variable Radius ........................................................................................................................................................ 74 Solid Shell ............................. 360 Shaded ... 2 W Wireframe ................................... 29 Solid Extrude ..................................................................... 2 Set Solid Face Color .................................. 321 Ruled/Lofted ........ 318 Z Z Depth ................ 355 Status Bar .......................................................................................................................... 2 Toolpaths/Solid Manager .... 64................................... 236 Xform Offset ............................................ 36...................................... 321 S Save The File ............................................................................................... 295 Page |408 Solids Training Tutorial .......................................................................................................................... 108 Ribbon Bar ..... 255................ 2 Sweep Cut ...................................... 76 Trim Divide ................ 125 System Configuration ................................................................................................... 77 T Toolbar States ...........................................................